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albumin creatinine ratio

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332475/association-of-urinary-uromodulin-with-kidney%C3%A2-function-decline-and-mortality-the%C3%A2-health-abc-study%C3%A2
#1
Pranav S Garimella, Ronit Katz, Joachim H Ix, Linda F Fried, Stephen B Kritchevsky, Prasad Devarajan, Michael R Bennett, Chirag R Parikh, Michael G Shlipak, Tamara B Harris, Orlando M Gutiérrez, Mark J Sarnak
BACKGROUND: Urine uromodulin (uUMOD) is a protein secreted by the kidney tubule. Recent studies have suggested that higher uUMOD may be associated with improved kidney and mortality outcomes. METHODS: Using a case-cohort design, we evaluated the association between baseline uUMOD levels and ≥ 30% estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) decline, incident chronic kidney disease (CKD), rapid kidney function decline, and mortality using standard and modified Cox proportional hazards regression...
March 23, 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330680/screening-for-and-subsequent-participation-in-a-trial-for-depression-and-anxiety-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes-treated-in-primary-care-who-do-we-reach
#2
Corinne H Stoop, Giesje Nefs, Victor J Pop, François Pouwer
AIMS: This study investigated (factors related to) (a) the response to a screening procedure for depression and anxiety in people with type 2 diabetes in primary care, and (b) participation in a subsequent randomised controlled trial targeting depressive or anxiety symptoms. METHODS: People with type 2 diabetes (n=1837) received a screening questionnaire assessing depressive symptoms (PHQ-9) and anxiety symptoms (GAD-7). Eligible persons who scored above the cut-off score (PHQ-9≥7 or GAD-7≥8) were offered to participate in the trial...
March 18, 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329340/baseline-characteristics-of-participants-in-the-aspree-aspirin-in-reducing-events-in-the-elderly-study
#3
John J McNeil, Robyn L Woods, Mark R Nelson, Anne M Murray, Christopher M Reid, Brenda Kirpach, Elsdon Storey, Raj C Shah, Rory S Wolfe, Andrew M Tonkin, Anne B Newman, Jeff D Williamson, Jessica E Lockery, Karen L Margolis, Michael E Ernst, Walter P Abhayaratna, Nigel Stocks, Sharyn M Fitzgerald, Ruth E Trevaks, Suzanne G Orchard, Lawrence J Beilin, Geoffrey A Donnan, Peter Gibbs, Colin I Johnston, Richard H Grimm
Background: There are no primary prevention trials of aspirin with relevant geriatric outcomes in elderly people. ASPirin in Reducing Events in the Elderly (ASPREE) is a placebo-controlled trial of low-dose aspirin that will determine whether 5 years of daily 100-mg enteric-coated aspirin extends disability-free and dementia-free life in a healthy elderly population and whether these benefits outweigh the risks. Methods: Set in primary care, this randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial has a composite primary endpoint of death, incident dementia or persistent physical disability...
January 20, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327102/higher-plasma-transforming-growth-factor-tgf-%C3%AE-is-associated-with-kidney-disease-in-older-community-dwelling-adults
#4
Tapan Mehta, Petra Buzkova, Jorge R Kizer, Luc Djousse, Michel Chonchol, Kenneth J Mukamal, Michael Shlipak, Joachim H Ix, Diana Jalal
BACKGROUND: TGF-β is induced in the vasculature with aging suggesting that high plasma TGF-β levels may be a risk factor for chronic kidney disease (CKD) in older adults. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of the association between plasma TGF-β levels and CKD including data for 1722 older adults who had participated in the 1996/97 visit of the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS). Prevalent CKD was defined as eGFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 m(2) or urinary albumin/creatinine ratio (ACR) ≥30 mg/g...
March 21, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326327/ameliorating-effect-of-gemigliptin-on-renal-injury-in-murine-adriamycin-induced-nephropathy
#5
Da Rae Kim, Shin Yeong Lee, Jin Sug Kim, Yang Gyun Kim, Ju-Young Moon, Sang Ho Lee, Tae Won Lee, Chun Gyoo Ihm, Kyung Hwan Jeong
Background. Previous studies have shown the antiapoptotic and anti-inflammatory potential of DPP-IV inhibitor in experimental models of renal injury. We tested whether DPP-IV inhibitor (gemigliptin) ameliorates renal injury by suppressing apoptosis, inflammation, and oxidative stress in mice with adriamycin nephropathy. Methods. Mice were treated with normal saline (control), gemigliptin (GM), adriamycin (ADR), or adriamycin combined with gemigliptin (ADR+GM). Apoptosis, inflammation, and oxidative stress were analyzed via western blotting, real-time PCR, light microscopy, and immunofluorescence...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321056/sodium-glucose-co-transporter-2-inhibitors-reduce-the-abdominal-visceral-fat-area-and-may-influence-the-renal-function-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#6
Takahiro Tosaki, Hideki Kamiya, Tatsuhito Himeno, Yoshiro Kato, Masaki Kondo, Kaori Toyota, Tomoyo Nishida, Megumi Shiroma, Kaori Tsubonaka, Hitomi Asai, Miho Moribe, Yuki Nakaya, Jiro Nakamura
Objective and Methods An SGLT2 inhibitor (ipragliflozin, dapagliflozin, luseogliflozin, tofogliflozin, or canagliflozin) was administered to 132 outpatients with type 2 diabetes mellitus with or without other antidiabetic drugs for 6 months to evaluate its efficacy, the incidence of adverse events, and its influence on the renal function. Results The patient's mean glycated hemoglobin level significantly improved from 7.52±1.16% to 6.95±0.98% (p<0.001). The body weight of the patients was significantly reduced from 78...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315879/heart-rate-variability-predicts-major-adverse-cardiovascular-events-and-hospitalization-in-maintenance-hemodialysis-patients
#7
Jiun-Chi Huang, I-Ching Kuo, Yi-Chun Tsai, Jia-Jung Lee, Lee-Moay Lim, Szu-Chia Chen, Yi-Wen Chiu, Jer-Ming Chang, Hung-Hun Chen
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Heart rate variability (HRV) has been linked to mortality in maintenance hemodialysis (HD) patients, but it is less clear whether HRV is associated with major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) and hospitalization. METHODS: This study enrolled 179 maintenance HD patients. HRV was measured to assess its prognostic significance in relation to MACEs and hospitalization. RESULTS: During the follow-up period of 33.3 ± 6.7 months, 36 (20...
March 17, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303635/incident-microalbuminuria-and-complement-factor-mannan-binding-lectin-associated-protein-19-in-people-with-newly-diagnosed-type-1-diabetes
#8
J A Ostergaard, S Thiel, I T Hoffmann-Petersen, P Hovind, H-H Parving, L Tarnow, P Rossing, T K Hansen
BACKGROUND: Evidence links the lectin pathway of complement activation to diabetic kidney disease. Upon carbohydrate-recognition by pattern-recognition molecules, e.g., mannan-binding lectin (MBL), the MBL-associated serine protease (MASP-2) is activated and initiates the complement cascade. The MASP2 gene encodes MASP-2 and the alternative splice product MBL-associated protein 19 (MAp19). Both MAp19 and MASP-2 circulate in complex with MBL. We tested the hypothesis that MAp19 and MASP-2 concentrations predict the risk of incident microalbuminuria...
March 16, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302903/differential-effects-of-dapagliflozin-on-cardiovascular-risk-factors-at-varying-degrees-of-renal-function
#9
Sergei Petrykiv, C David Sjöström, Peter J Greasley, John Xu, Frederik Persson, Hiddo J L Heerspink
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Sodium glucose cotransporter 2 inhibition with dapagliflozin decreases hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), body weight, BP, and albuminuria (urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio). Dapagliflozin also modestly increases hematocrit, likely related to osmotic diuresis/natriuresis. Prior studies suggest that the HbA1c-lowering effects of dapagliflozin attenuate at lower eGFR. However, effects on other cardiovascular risk factors at different eGFR levels are incompletely understood...
March 16, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299524/lung-function-and-impaired-kidney-function-in-relation-to-metabolic-syndrome
#10
Kayoung Lee
PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the relationships between abnormal lung function and indicators of chronic kidney disease in relation to metabolic syndrome (MetS) by using data from the 2011-2013 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. METHODS: Using the data of 8551 Korean adults (3798 men, 4753 women, ≥40 years), lung function categories [obstructive lung disease (OLD), restrictive lung disease (RLD), and non-obstructive/non-restrictive lung disease (reference group)] were defined for each gender...
March 15, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298181/early-onset-of-adck4-glomerulopathy-with-renal-failure-a-case-report
#11
Ksenija Lolin, Benedetta D Chiodini, Elise Hennaut, Brigitte Adams, Karin Dahan, Khalid Ismaili
BACKGROUND: We present a rare early presentation of a ADCK4-related glomerulopathy. This case is of interest as potentially treatable if genetic results are timely obtained. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 5-year-old boy who was identified with significant proteinuria by a urinary routine screening program for school children. Physical examination revealed dysplastic ears and abnormal folded pinna. Albumin level was 41 g/L (39-53 g/L), and urine proteins/creatinine ratio was 2...
March 16, 2017: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295959/the-albuminuria-lowering-response-to-dapagliflozin-is-variable-and-reproducible-between-individual-patients
#12
Sergei I Petrykiv, Gozewijn D Laverman, Dick de Zeeuw, Hiddo J L Heerspink
AIMS: Albuminuria reduction is essential for renal and cardiovascular protection. We characterized the efficacy of dapagliflozin, a sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor, on albuminuria. Secondly, we assessed whether the albuminuria lowering effect varies between patients, and whether this variability in response is reproducible. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A double-blind, randomized, placebo controlled crossover trial was conducted. Patients with type 2 diabetes and albumin:creatinine ratio >100 mg/g on a stable dose of an Angiotensin Converting Enzyme inhibitor (ACEi) or angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) were enrolled...
March 14, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294194/phosphodiesterase-5-inhibition-preserves-renal-hemodynamics-and-function-in-mice-with-diabetic-kidney-disease-by-modulating-mir-22-and-bmp7
#13
Riccardo Pofi, Daniela Fiore, Rita De Gaetano, Giuseppe Panio, Daniele Gianfrilli, Carlotta Pozza, Federica Barbagallo, Yang Kevin Xiang, Konstantinos Giannakakis, Susanna Morano, Andrea Lenzi, Fabio Naro, Andrea M Isidori, Mary Anna Venneri
Diabetic Nephropathy (DN) is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease. Preclinical and experimental studies show that PDE5 inhibitors (PDE5is) exert protective effects in DN improving perivascular inflammation. Using a mouse model of diabetic kidney injury we investigated the protective proprieties of PDE5is on renal hemodynamics and the molecular mechanisms involved. PDE5i treatment prevented the development of DN-related hypertension (P < 0.001), the increase of urine albumin creatinine ratio (P < 0...
March 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287899/retinal-vascular-caliber-and-kidney-function-in-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#14
Stuart Keel, Catherine Itsiopoulos, Konstandina Koklanis, Meri Vukicevic, Fergus Cameron, Laima Brazionis
PURPOSE: To evaluate the relationship between retinal vascular caliber and kidney function in a cohort of Australian children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 483 children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes, aged 7-18 years. An audit of medical files of participants who attended the Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, between January 2009 and March 2014 was performed. Albumin to creatinine ratio (ACR) was acquired through spot urine samples and microalbuminuria was classified as ACR >3...
March 13, 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283394/the-study-of-association-of-vitamin-b12-deficiency-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-with-and-without-diabetic-nephropathy-in-north-indian-population
#15
Sonny Bherwani, Ashok Kumar Ahirwar, A S Saumya, A S Sandhya, Brijesh Prajapat, Sitendu Patel, Srushtee Bipin Jibhkate, Ritu Singh, L H Ghotekar
AIM: Diabetic Mellitus is the chronic metabolic disorder associated with various complications of heart, eyes, nerves, kidney etc. Diabetic Nephropathy is one of the leading causes of death in diabetic patient. We hypothesized that decrease Vitamin B12 levels is associated with Diabetic Nephropathy. Aim of our study is to study the serum Vitamin B12 levels in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with and without nephropathy. METHODS: Our study population consist of 100 subjects out of which 50 cases of Diabetes Mellitus without Diabetic Nephropathy and 50 cases of Diabetes Mellitus with Diabetic Nephropathy...
March 6, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281834/association-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-with-diabetes-associated-kidney-disease
#16
Stefan Stadler, Tanja Zimmermann, Franziska Franke, Myriam Rheinberger, Iris M Heid, Carsten A Böger, Michael Arzt
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes-associated kidney disease is characterized by impairment of renal function and albuminuria. The aim of the present study was to assess whether sleep-disordered breathing is associated with decreased estimated glomerular filtration rate or increased urine-albumin-to-creatinine-ratio independently from known modulators of diabetes-associated kidney disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Estimated glomerular filtration rate and urine-albumin-to-creatinine-ratio were determined in the baseline survey of the DIACORE-SDB substudy, a prospectively planned study of Diabetes mellitus 2 patients...
March 10, 2017: Annals of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270931/design-and-methods-of-the-pan-canadian-applying-biomarkers-to-minimize-long-term-effects-of-childhood-adolescent-cancer-treatment-able-nephrotoxicity-study-a-prospective-observational-cohort-study
#17
Kelly R McMahon, Shahrad Rod Rassekh, Kirk R Schultz, Maury Pinsk, Tom Blydt-Hansen, Cherry Mammen, Ross T Tsuyuki, Prasad Devarajan, Geoff D E Cuvelier, Lesley G Mitchell, Sylvain Baruchel, Ana Palijan, Bruce C Carleton, Colin J D Ross, Michael Zappitelli
BACKGROUND: Childhood cancer survivors experience adverse drug events leading to lifelong health issues. The Applying Biomarkers to Minimize Long-Term Effects of Childhood/Adolescent Cancer Treatment (ABLE) team was established to validate and apply biomarkers of cancer treatment effects, with a goal of identifying children at high risk of developing cancer treatment complications associated with thrombosis, graft-versus-host disease, hearing loss, and kidney damage. Cisplatin is a chemotherapy well known to cause acute and chronic nephrotoxicity...
2017: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270898/current-metabolic-status-affects-urinary-liver-type-fatty-acid-binding-protein-in-normoalbuminuric-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#18
Hiroyuki Ito, Hitomi Yamashita, Mina Nakashima, Akifusa Takaki, Chiduko Yukawa, Suzuko Matsumoto, Takashi Omoto, Masahiro Shinozaki, Shinya Nishio, Mariko Abe, Shinichi Antoku, Mizuo Mifune, Michiko Togane
BACKGROUND: We aimed to study the association between urinary liver-type fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP), a biomarker of tubulointerstitial injury, and the clinical characteristics of normoalbuminuric and albuminuric patients with type 2 diabetes in order to detect the factors affecting urinary L-FABP. METHODS: Urinary L-FABP levels were measured in 788 patients with type 2 diabetes and again in 666 patients at 6 months after the initial measurement. The association between the urinary L-FABP level and the clinical parameters was investigated in a retrospective cross-sectional study and a subsequent observation...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270484/differences-in-incidence-of-diabetic-retinopathy-between-type-1-and-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-nine-year-follow-up-study
#19
Pedro Romero-Aroca, Raul Navarro-Gil, Aida Valls-Mateu, Ramon Sagarra-Alamo, Antonio Moreno-Ribas, Nuria Soler
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To determine the incidence of any diabetic retinopathy (any-DR), sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy (STDR) and diabetic macular oedema (DMO) and their risk factors in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) over a screening programme. METHODS: Nine-year follow-up, prospective population-based study of 366 patients with T1DM and 15 030 with T2DM. Epidemiological risk factors were as follows: current age, age at DM diagnosis, sex, type of DM, duration of DM, arterial hypertension, levels of glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c), triglycerides, cholesterol fractions, serum creatinine, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and urine albumin to creatinine ratio (UACR)...
March 7, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265345/exercise-induced-albuminuria-vs-circadian-variations-in-blood-pressure-in-type-1-diabetes
#20
Isabelle Hota Tadida Meli, Aurel T Tankeu, Mesmin Y Dehayem, David Chelo, Jean Jacques N Noubiap, Eugene Sobngwi
AIM: To investigated the relationship between exercise-induced ambulatory blood pressure measurement (ABPM) abnormalities in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) adolescents. METHODS: We conducted a case-control at the National Obesity Center of the Yaoundé Central Hospital, Cameroon. We compared 24 h ABPM and urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR) at rest and after a standardized treadmill exercise between 20 Cameroonian T1DM patients and 20 matched controls. T1DM adolescents were aged 12-18 years, with diabetes for at least one year, without proteinuria, with normal office blood pressure (BP) and renal function according to the general reference population...
February 15, 2017: World Journal of Diabetes
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