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albumin creatinine ratio

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645281/sex-difference-in-the-risk-for-exercise-induced-albuminuria-correlates-with-hemoglobin-a1c-and-abnormal-exercise-ecg-test-findings
#1
Rafael Y Brzezinski, Inbal Etz-Hadar, Ayelet Grupper, Michal Ehrenwald, Itzhak Shapira, David Zeltser, Shlomo Berliner, Ori Rogowski, Roy Eldor, Shani Shenhar-Tsarfaty
BACKGROUND: Albuminuria is an established marker for endothelial dysfunction and cardiovascular risk in diabetes and prediabetes. Exercise induced albuminuria (EiA) appears earlier and may be a more sensitive biomarker for renal endothelial damage. We sought to examine the association between EiA, parameters of the metabolic syndrome, A1C levels, exercise ECG test results and sex related differences in a large cohort of healthy, pre-diabetic and diabetic subjects. METHODS: A total of 3029 participants from the Tel-Aviv Medical Center Inflammation Survey cohort (mean age 46 years, 73% men) were analyzed...
June 23, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641644/-clinical-significance-of-mean-platelet-volume-determination-in-multiple-myeloma
#2
Peng Gao, Zhong-Ping Xiao, Kun Fu, Mei Han
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical significance of mean platelet volume(MPV) in patients with multiple myeloma(MM). METHODS: The clinical data of 198 patients with MM admitted in our hospital from March 2008 to March 2015 were collected and analyzed. The clinical data included the Ig type, hemoglobin level, platelet count, creatinine, calciumion albumin, β2-MG, LDH, plasmocytes in bone marrow, MPV, complications such as diabetes, a history of venous thromboembolism (VTE) and arterial events such as coronary artery disease, cerebrovascular disease, thrombosis and blood clotting...
June 2017: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637442/membranous-nephropathy-a-retrospective-observational-study-of-membranous-nephropathy-in-north-east-and-central-london
#3
Sanjana Gupta, John Connolly, Ruth J Pepper, Stephen B Walsh, Magdi M Yaqoob, Robert Kleta, Neil Ashman
BACKGROUND: Membranous nephropathy (MN) is the leading cause of nephrotic syndrome in adults. MN is a clinically heterogeneous disease and it is difficult to accurately predict outcomes (including end stage renal failure) at presentation and whom to treat with potentially toxic therapies. We aimed to identify factors predicting outcome in MN in our cohort from two large tertiary London units by undertaking a retrospective data analysis of 148 biopsy-proven MN patients from North East and Central London between 1995 and 2015...
June 21, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636754/linagliptin-and-its-effects-on-hyperglycaemia-and-albuminuria-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-and-renal-dysfunction-the-randomized-marlina-t2d%C3%A2-trial
#4
P-H Groop, M E Cooper, V Perkovic, B Hocher, K Kanasaki, M Haneda, G Schernthaner, K Sharma, R C Stanton, R Toto, J Cescutti, M Gordat, T Meinicke, A Koitka-Weber, S Thiemann, M von Eynatten
AIMS: The MARLINA-T2D™ study (ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01792518) was designed to investigate the glycaemic and renal effects of linagliptin added to standard-of-care in individuals with type 2 diabetes and albuminuria. METHODS: 360 individuals with type 2 diabetes, HbA1c 6.5 - 10.0% (48 - 86 mmol/mol), estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥30 mL/min/1.73 m(2) , and urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR) 30-3000 mg/g despite single agent renin-angiotensin-system blockade were randomized to double-blind linagliptin (n = 182) or placebo (n = 178) for 24 weeks...
June 21, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631886/nlrp3-expression-and-urinary-hsp72-in-relation-to-biomarkers-of-inflammation-and-oxidative-stress-in-diabetic-nephropathy-patients
#5
Hemat El-Sayed El-Horany, Rania Nagi Abd-Ellatif, Mona Watany, Yasser M Hafez, Hanaa Ibrahim Okda
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the major causes of end-stage renal disease. Nod-like receptors nucleotide-binding domain and leucine-rich repeat pyrin-3 domain (NLRP3) inflammasome displays a considerable role in the chronic inflammatory state observed in diabetic patients. Urinary heat shock protein 72 (uHSP72) is a sensitive and specific biomarker for the early detection of acute kidney injury. The aim of this study was to evaluate NLRP3 relative gene expression, its correlation with inflammatory and oxidative stress markers, and to assess the value of uHSP72 in the early detection of DN in type 2 diabetic patients with different degrees of DN...
June 20, 2017: IUBMB Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629425/screening-for-chronic-kidney-disease-of-uncertain-aetiology-in-sri-lanka-usability-of-surrogate-biomarkers-over-dipstick-proteinuria
#6
Samantha Ratnayake, Zeid Badurdeen, Nishantha Nanayakkara, Tilak Abeysekara, Neelakanthi Ratnatunga, Ranjith Kumarasiri
BACKGROUND: The use of dipstick proteinuria to screen Chronic Kidney Disease of uncertain aetiology (CKDu) in Sri Lanka is a recently debated matter of dispute. The aim of this study was to assess the suitability of biomarkers: serum creatinine, cystatin C and urine albumin to creatinine ratio (ACR) for screening CKDu in Sri Lanka. METHODS: Forty-four male CKDu patients and 49 healthy males from a CKDu-endemic region were selected. Meanwhile, 25 healthy males from a non-endemic region were selected as an absolute control...
June 19, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625260/-predictive-value-of-four-different-scoring-systems-for-septic-patient-s-outcome-a-retrospective-analysis-with-311-patients
#7
Shengbiao Wang, Tao Li, Yunfeng Li, Jianwen Zhang, Xingui Dai
OBJECTIVE: To study the predicting value of four different scoring systems such as the acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II) score, sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score, quick SOFA (qSOFA) score and systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) score for the prognosis of septic patients. METHODS: A retrospective analysis were conducted. Septic patients in intensive care unit (ICU) of the First People's Hospital of Chenzhou form July 1st, 2012 to June 30th, 2016 were enrolled...
February 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625257/-albumin-corrected-anion-gap-is-an-independent-risk-factor-for-long-term-mortality-of-patients-with-sepsis
#8
Xiaoli He, Xuelian Liao, Zhichao Xie, Chao Jiang, Yan Kang
OBJECTIVE: To explore whether albumin corrected anion gap (ACAG) is associated with long-term mortality of sepsis patients. METHODS: Adult patients with a diagnosis of sepsis within the first 24 hours (from December 2013 to December 2014) admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) were included via the Sepsis database of West China Hospital Sichuan University. To record their long-term survival, patients were followed up by telephone interview one year after enrollment...
February 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625233/-elevation-of-red-cell-distribution-width-during-hospitalization-predicts-mortality-in-patients-with-sepsis
#9
Yan Gong, Xianming Long, Jun Jin, Xinjing Yang, Jianhong Fu, Fang Huang, Jian Huang, Qiang Guo, Jun Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of red cell distribution width (RDW) with prognosis in patients with sepsis. METHODS: Patients with sepsis admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of the First Hospital of Soochow University from January 2011 to December 2016 were enrolled. All clinical data were collected for participants, which mainly included basic data, main underlying disease, site of infection, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II(APACHE II) score, blood routine test, biochemical test, blood gas analysis, coagulation index, procalcitonin (PCT), hospitalization days, and 28-day and 90-day mortality...
June 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612449/changes-in-urine-albumin-to-creatinine-ratio-with-the-initiation-of-hydroxyurea-therapy-among-children-and-adolescents-with-sickle-cell-disease
#10
Sarah Tehseen, Clinton H Joiner, Peter A Lane, Marianne E Yee
BACKGROUND: Renal damage is a progressive complication of sickle cell disease (SCD) that begins in childhood and may progress to renal failure and early mortality in 12% of adults with hemoglobin SS (HbSS) SCD. Early sickle nephropathy is characterized by hyperfiltration and microalbuminuria; therefore, urine albumin to creatinine ratio (ACR) is an effective screening tool for its detection. PROCEDURE: This study investigated the effect of hydroxyurea (HU) therapy on urine ACR levels among children with SCD...
June 14, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611127/pulmonary-hypertension-is-associated-with-a-higher-risk-of-heart-failure-hospitalization-and-mortality-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-the-jackson-heart-study
#11
Senthil Selvaraj, Sanjiv J Shah, Mark J Ommerborn, Cheryl R Clark, Michael E Hall, Robert J Mentz, Saadia Qazi, Jeremy M Robbins, Thomas N Skelton, Jiaying Chen, J Michael Gaziano, Luc Djoussé
BACKGROUND: African Americans develop chronic kidney disease and pulmonary hypertension (PH) at disproportionately high rates. Little is known whether PH heightens the risk of heart failure (HF) admission or mortality among chronic kidney disease patients, including patients with non-end-stage renal disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed African Americans participants with chronic kidney disease (estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 mL/min per 1.73 m(2) or urine albumin/creatinine >30 mg/g) and available echocardiogram-derived pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) from the Jackson Heart Study (N=408)...
June 2017: Circulation. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606731/cognitive-function-and-kidney-disease-baseline-data-from-the%C3%A2-systolic-blood-pressure-intervention-trial-sprint
#12
Daniel E Weiner, Sarah A Gaussoin, John Nord, Alexander P Auchus, Gordon J Chelune, Michel Chonchol, Laura Coker, William E Haley, Anthony A Killeen, Paul L Kimmel, Alan J Lerner, Suzanne Oparil, Mohammad G Saklayen, Yelena M Slinin, Clinton B Wright, Jeff D Williamson, Manjula Kurella Tamura
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease is common and is associated with cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular disease, and cognitive function, although the nature of this relationship remains uncertain. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort using baseline data from the Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT). SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Participants in SPRINT, a randomized clinical trial of blood pressure targets in older community-dwelling adults with cardiovascular disease, chronic kidney disease, or high cardiovascular disease risk and without diabetes or known stroke, who underwent detailed neurocognitive testing in the cognition substudy, SPRINT-Memory and Cognition in Decreased Hypertension (SPRINT-MIND)...
June 9, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605498/effect-of-home-blood-pressure-on-inducing-remission-regression-of-microalbuminuria-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#13
Motonobu Nishimura, Yasuhisa Kato, Tsuyoshi Tanaka, Hideki Taki, Atsuhito Tone, Kazunori Yamada, Seiji Suzuki, Miho Saito, Yutaka Ando, Yoshiharu Hoshiyama
BACKGROUND: The Home Blood Pressure for Diabetic Nephropathy study is a prospective observational study conducted to determine the effect of home blood pressure (HBP) on remission/regression of microalbuminuria in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). METHODS: Patients with type 2 DM having microalbuminuria were followed-up for 3 years. Remission of microalbuminuria was defined as shift from microalbuminuria to normoalbuminuria. Regression of microalbuminuria was defined as a 50% reduction in urinary albumin-creatinine ratio from baseline...
June 10, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601698/associations-of-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-receptor-type-1-with-kidney-function-decline-cardiovascular-events-and-mortality-risk-in-persons-with-coronary-artery-disease-data-from-the-heart-and-soul-study
#14
Meyeon Park, Daniela Maristany, Debbie Huang, Michael G Shlipak, Mary Whooley
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Tumor necrosis factor receptor type 1 (TNFR1) is associated with kidney disease and mortality risk in various populations. Whether or not kidney function mediates mortality risk is unknown. We evaluated associations of TNFR1 levels with measures of kidney function, cardiovascular events, and mortality in a population of veterans with stable ischemic heart disease. METHODS: TNFR1 was measured from baseline serum samples in the Heart and Soul Study; elevated levels were defined by the highest quartile (Q4, >3...
May 19, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598563/alpha-lipoic-acid-prevents-doxorubicin-induced-nephrotoxicity-by-mitigation-of-oxidative-stress-inflammation-and-apoptosis-in-rats
#15
El-Sayed M El-Sayed, Ahmed M Mansour, Waleed S El-Sawy
This study aimed to evaluate the protective effects of alpha lipoic acid (ALA) against doxorubicin (DOX)-induced nephrotoxicity in rats. A single dose of DOX (7.5 mg/kg i.v.) induced nephrotoxicity evidenced by significant elevations in kidney weight, kidney/body weight ratio, serum urea, creatinine, tumor necrosis factor alpha, and renal contents of malondialdehyde, nitric oxide, cyclooxygenase-2, and caspase-3. Also, it causes significant reduction in final body weight, serum albumin, renal contents of reduced glutathione and superoxide dismutase activity...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597803/prognostic-value-of-galectin-3-on-admission-in-chinese-patients-with-heart-failure-a-prospective-observational-study
#16
Hua Wang, Qingyong Chen, Yingying Li, Xianchao Jing, Tianya Liang, Jiefu Yang
Objective We performed a prospective observational study to explore the prognostic value of plasma galectin-3, a biomarker for fibrosis and inflammation, in Chinese patients with heart failure (HF). Methods and results Galectin-3, N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and other clinically related variables were measured in consecutive HF patients in Beijing Hospital. Specifically, galectin-3 was detected by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The primary end point was major adverse cardiac events (MACE), including all-cause mortality or readmission at the end of follow-up...
April 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596160/effects-of-sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2-inhibitors-on-urinary-excretion-of-intact-and-total-angiotensinogen-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#17
Takuo Yoshimoto, Takayuki Furuki, Hiroyuki Kobori, Masaaki Miyakawa, Hitomi Imachi, Koji Murao, Akira Nishiyama
We conducted a descriptive case study to examine the effects of sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors on urinary angiotensinogen excretion, which represents the function of the intrarenal renin-angiotensin system, in patients with type 2 diabetes. An SGLT2 inhibitor (canagliflozin 100 mg/day, ipragliflozin 25 mg/day, dapagliflozin 5 mg/day, luseogliflozin 2.5 mg/day or tofogliflozin 20 mg/day) was administered for 1 month (n=9). ELISA kits were used to measure both urinary intact and total angiotensinogen levels...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593836/predictors-and-generation-of-risk-equations-for-albuminuria-progression-in-type-2-diabetes%C3%A2
#18
Miriam Giordano Imbroll, Daniele Agius Lauretta, Trevor Tabone, Stephen Fava
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is the most common cause of end-stage renal disease and is associated with increased mortality. Although only a proportion of type 2 diabetic subjects develop albuminuria or progress, it is not currently possible to identify those patients who will develop this complication or who will progress. AIM: The aim of the study was to identify baseline risk factors for the development and progression of albuminuria in a cohort with type 2 diabetes and use this data to generate risk equations...
June 8, 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592243/reduced-kidney-function-albuminuria-and-risks-for-all-cause-and-cardiovascular-mortality-in-china-a-population-based-cohort-study
#19
Jinwei Wang, Fang Wang, Shiwei Liu, Maigeng Zhou, Luxia Zhang, Minghui Zhao
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have indicated that reduced kidney function and albuminuria are associated with increased risk of mortality and adverse cardiovascular outcomes, however, the evidence from the Asian population is limited. We investigated the association between the indicators of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and all-cause mortality, as well as cardiovascular mortality among a general population in China. METHODS: We conducted an observational study among 47,204 Chinese adults, from a cross-sectional survey, whose survival status is identified through December 31, 2013...
June 7, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592100/-the-association-between-aflatoxin-exposure-and-primary-hepatocellular-carcinoma-risks-a-case-control-study-in-chongqing
#20
C F Zheng, H Zeng, J Wang, H Lin, X B Feng, J A Chen, Z Q Qiu, J H Luo, A W Xu, L Q Wang, Y Tan, S Chen, P Jiang, W Q Shu
Objective: To investigate the association between aflatoxin exposure and primary hepatocellular carcinoma (PHC) development. Methods: From December 2013 to May 2016, we selected 214 patients newly diagnosed with PHC as cases, and 214 patients as controls from three hospitals in Chongqing. Cases were confirmed with PHC diagnosis standard. And cases caused by clear reasons such as drug-induced liver injury, alcoholic liver damage, fatty liver and gallstones etiology, were excluded. Controls were included with no cancer and no digestive system disease, and recruited simultaneously with cases...
June 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
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