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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728345/safety-of-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-tubes-in-centenarian-patients
#1
Zain A Sobani, Kevin Tin, Steven Guttmann, Anna A Abbasi, Ira Mayer, Yuriy Tsirlin
Background/Aims: Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is a relatively safe procedure; however, no study has evaluated the safety of PEG tube placement in patients over the age of 100 years. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of patient records for patients who underwent PEG tube placement. Thirty patients aged 100 years and older were identified and a random sample of 275 patients was selected for comparison. Results: The mean age of the patients was 80...
July 21, 2017: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682113/subjective-well-being-in-centenarians-a-comparison-of-japan-and-the-united-states
#2
Takeshi Nakagawa, Jinmyoung Cho, Yasuyuki Gondo, Peter Martin, Mary Ann Johnson, Leonard W Poon, Nobuyoshi Hirose
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined the cultural differences and similarities in the levels and predictors of subjective well-being in Japanese and American centenarians. METHOD: We analyzed data on cognitively intact Japanese (N = 59) and American (N = 125) participants from the Tokyo and Georgia Centenarian Studies, respectively. The Philadelphia Geriatric Center Morale Scale was used to measure subjective well-being, while sociodemographic, social, and health resources were assessed as potential predictors...
July 6, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680504/association-between-handgrip-strength-walking-age-related-illnesses-and-cognitive-status-in-a-sample-of-portuguese-centenarians
#3
Maria Vaz-Patto, Belén Bueno, Óscar Ribeiro, Laetitia Teixeira, Rosa Marina Afonso
BACKGROUND: Centenarians are a growing population in Europe and present significant variability in motor and cognitive functions. The aim of our study was to characterize health status, as well as cognitive and motor functions in a group of Portuguese centenarians. In addition, our study also aimed at analyzing the relationship between cognitive functions and the burden of diseases affecting the elderly. METHODS: Fifty-two centenarians were evaluated using the Mini-Mental State Examination, short version...
2017: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678129/short-term-outcomes-following-hip-fractures-in-patients-at-least-100-years-old
#4
Arthur Manoli, Adam Driesman, Rebecca A Marwin, Sanjit Konda, Philipp Leucht, Kenneth A Egol
BACKGROUND: The number of hip fractures is rising as life expectancy increases. As such, the number of centenarians sustaining these fractures is also increasing. The purpose of this study was to determine whether patients who are ≥100 years old and sustain a hip fracture fare worse in the hospital than those who are younger. METHODS: Using a large database, the New York Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System (SPARCS), we identified patients who were ≥65 years old and had been treated for a hip fracture over a 12-year period...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673761/primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-as-treatment-for-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-in-a-centenarian-choosing-carefully
#5
Justin M Cloutier, Shelley Zieroth, Basem Elbarouni
We report on a 105-year-old woman presenting with inferior ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). She was managed with primary percutaneous intervention (PCI) to the right coronary artery with a single bare-metal stent. There were no acute complications, although she experienced delirium and functional decline requiring prolonged hospital admission. She was discharged home and celebrated her 106th birthday. This report describes the oldest centenarian with STEMI found in the literature and managed with PCI...
May 8, 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651996/centenarians-as-a-21st-century-healthy-aging-model-a-legacy-of-humanity-and-the-need-for-a-world-wide-consortium-wwcc100
#6
EDITORIAL
Claudio Franceschi, Giuseppe Passarino, Daniela Mari, Daniela Monti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: Mechanisms of Ageing and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649103/-aging-and-homeostasis-biomedical-peculiarities-of-semi-supercentenarians
#7
Yasumichi Arai
Semi-supercentenarians, or people who reach 105 years of age, are regarded as model cases for 'successful ageing'. Semi-supercentenarians maintain capability and cognition for longer than the centenarians who died between 100-104 years of age, together with postponed frailty or age-related diminution of multiple organ reserve. Understanding the biological factors determining extreme longevity and compression of morbidity might help to achieve extended healthy life span for the wider population.
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639726/trend-of-centenarian-deaths-in-hong-kong-between-2001-and-2010
#8
Ruby Yu, Wilson Tam, Jean Woo
AIM: To examine the trends in the leading causes of deaths in centenarians in Hong Kong. METHODS: Descriptive analyses of vital statistics data on mortality in Hong Kong from 2001 to 2010 were carried out. RESULTS: The number of centenarians' deaths increased by 136% in 10 years, from less than 28 men and 166 women in 2001 to 80 men and 378 women in 2010. During the study period, the top leading cause of death was pneumonia, accounting for 33...
June 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624982/towards-ageing-well-use-it-or-lose-it-exercise-epigenetics-and-cognition
#9
Irene Maeve Rea
More and more people are living into the 90s or becoming centenarians. But, the gift of increased 'age span' seldom equates with an improved 'health-span'. Governments across the world are expressing concern about the epidemic of chronic disease, and have responded by initiating policies that make prevention, reduction and treatment of chronic disease, a public health priority. But understanding, how to age long and well, with the avoidance of chronic disease and later life complex disease morbidity is challenging...
June 17, 2017: Biogerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616854/ventricular-arterial-coupling-in-centenarians-without-cardiovascular-diseases
#10
Andrea Sonaglioni, Massimo Baravelli, Michele Lombardo, Carmen Sommese, Claudio Anzà, Jonathan A Kirk, Luigi Padeletti
BACKGROUND: Ventricular-arterial (VA) coupling is a central determinant of cardiovascular system performance and cardiac energetics. This index is expressed by the Ea/Ees ratio, where the effective arterial elastance (Ea) indicates the net arterial load exerted on the left ventricle and the left ventricular end-systolic elastance (Ees) is a load-independent measure of left ventricular chamber performance. METHODS: Thirty-three centenarians (100.6 ± 1.2 years, range 99-105 years, 10 M) without cardiovascular diseases underwent a complete echocardiographic evaluation and an instantaneous arterial blood pressure measurement, to characterize the Ea/Ees ratio and its two determinants indexed to body surface area...
June 14, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595320/improvement-in-activities-of-daily-living-among-danish-centenarians
#11
Signe Høi Rasmussen, Mikael Thinggaard, Majken Boris Højgaard, Bernard Jeune, Kaare Christensen, Karen Andersen-Ranberg
Background: With the continued rise in the proportion of the oldest-old in high income countries, it is of interest to know whether the functional health of today's oldest-olds is better or worse than in previous cohorts. Using two Danish centenarian birth cohorts born twenty years apart we aimed at investigating if the later born cohort had better functioning in terms of activities of daily living (ADL). Methods: Identification, methodology and assessment instruments were identical in the 1895-West and 1915-West Birth Cohort Studies: All persons living in the western part of Denmark and turning 100 years old in 1995 and 2015, respectively...
June 8, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593350/age-related-changes-in-the-composition-of-gut-bifidobacterium-species
#12
Kumiko Kato, Toshitaka Odamaki, Eri Mitsuyama, Hirosuke Sugahara, Jin-Zhong Xiao, Ro Osawa
Bifidobacteria are one of the major components in human microbiota that are suggested to function in maintaining human health. The colonization and cell number of Bifidobacterium species in human intestine vary with ageing. However, sequential changes of Bifidobacterium species ranging from newborns to centenarians remain unresolved. Here, we investigated the gut compositional changes of Bifidobacterium species over a wide range of ages. Faecal samples of 441 healthy Japanese subjects between the ages of 0 and 104 years were analysed using real-time PCR with species-specific primers...
August 2017: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586117/male-centenarians-how-and-why-are-they-different-from-their-female-counterparts
#13
EDITORIAL
Thomas T Perls
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 6, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557386/-studying-of-the-factors-influencing-biological-age-of-long-livers-of-almaty
#14
V V Benberin, G Z Tanbayeva, S A Iskakova, G M Dussekeyeva
The article presents the results of a study of centenarians (25 patients older than 90 years) residents of Almaty, suffering from coronary artery disease (CAD) of different severity, for the purpose of definition of biological age of CAD and identify factors influencing aging process. Significant positive correlation between the thickness of an intragastric partition and indexes of chronological age, due biological age was defined. We assume that the hypertrophy of walls of a left ventricle (LV) is the main morphological indicator of an aging of cardiovascular system...
2017: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555035/identification-of-a-blue-zone-in-a-typical-chinese-longevity-region
#15
Yi Huang, Geoffrey Mark Jacquez
Influenced by a special local environment, the proportion of centenarians is particularly high in some places, known as "blue zones". Blue zones are mysterious regions that continue to attract research. This paper explores the spatial distribution of the longevity population in a typical Chinese longevity region. Longevity evaluation indexes are used to analyze the longevity phenomenon in 88 towns between 2011 and 2015. Our research findings show that longevity is more important than birth rate and migration in shaping the degree of deep aging in the research region...
May 28, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540339/leukocyte-telomere-length-and-serum-levels-of-high-molecular-weight-adiponectin-and-dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate-could-reflect-distinct-aspects-of-longevity-in-japanese-centenarians
#16
Yuji Aoki, Masato Aoki, Kazuya Yamada
Leukocyte telomere length and serum levels of high-molecular-weight adiponectin and dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate (DHEA-S) were assessed in association with nutrition and performance status (PS) in Japanese centenarians. Twenty-three centenarians (five men, 18 women) were classified according to their PS 1 (nearly fully ambulatory, n = 2), 2 (in bed less than 50% of daytime, n = 10), 3 (in bed greater than 50%, n = 6), and 4 (completely bedridden, n = 5). Leukocyte telomere length was determined by the hybridization protection assay, and the adiponectin and DHEA-S levels were measured by chemiluminescent enzyme immunoassay...
January 2017: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538497/centenarian-livers-very-long-term-outcomes-of-very-old-grafts
#17
Mauro Salizzoni, Antonio Amoroso, Francesco Lupo, Renato Romagnoli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 24, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529533/low-expression-of-cd39-and-cd73-genes-in-centenarians-compared-with-octogenarians
#18
Almudena Crooke, Juan Martínez-Henández, Joaquín Martínez-López, Alfonso Cruz-Jentoft, Fernando Huete-Toral, Jesús Pintor
Ageing involves a progressive decline of the body's regulatory systems including immune system. Adenosine regulates immune function by interaction with its receptors, mainly adenosine A2A receptor, present on the surface of immune cells. Furthermore, cellular response to this nucleoside is highly dependent on its extracellular concentration that is regulated by ecto-enzymes such as CD39 and CD73. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of age on adenosine A2A receptor, CD39 and CD73 gene expression...
2017: Immunity & Ageing: I & A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499387/evolution-of-the-fourth-stage-of-epidemiologic-transition-in-people-aged-80%C3%A2-years-and-over-population-based-cohort-study-using-electronic-health-records
#19
Nisha C Hazra, Martin Gulliford
BACKGROUND: In the "fourth stage" of epidemiological transition, the distribution of non-communicable diseases is expected to shift to more advanced ages, but age-specific changes beyond 80 years of age have not been reported. METHODS: This study aimed to evaluate demographic and health transitions in a population aged 80 years and over in the United Kingdom from 1990 to 2014, using primary care electronic health records. Epidemiological analysis of chronic morbidities and age-related impairments included a cohort of 299,495 participants, with stratified sampling by five-year age group up to 100 years and over...
May 12, 2017: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482934/longevity-in-north-korea-and-south-korea-prevalence-of-centenarians-in-one-the-poorest-and-one-of-the-richest-nations
#20
Daniel Schwekendiek
Over recent decades, economic living conditions have dramatically improved in South Korea, which now represents one of the most developed nations. At the same time, its twin in the North remains one of the poorest countries on earth. Thus, the Korean peninsula represents a unique historical experiment that allows for study of the effects of environment on human development under a variety of ceteris paribus cultural, genetic and climatic conditions. Previous studies comparing the biosocial performances of the two Koreas have focused on indicators such as weight, height, mid-upper arm circumference and age at menarche...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
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