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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441636/psychological-features-and-quality-of-life-in-50-adult-patients-with-epilepsy-and-their-caregivers-from-the-lecco-epilepsy-center-italy
#1
Alessandra Petruzzi, Andrea Rigamonti, Claudia Yvonne Finocchiaro, Paolo Borelli, Elena Lamperti, Antonio Silvani, Rossana Regazzoni, Lorenzo Stanzani, Andrea Salmaggi
Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological disorders. To the best of our knowledge, in Italy, the relationship between patients' and caregivers' psychological state has rarely been analyzed. Thus, we sought to evaluate both the psychological state of patients with epilepsy and that of their caregivers and the interrelationship between them. We also assessed the existing relation between psychological features and some clinical and demographic information, such as number of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), epilepsy duration and education level of patients and their caregivers...
April 22, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441444/contexts-of-occurrence-of-child-malnutrition-in-the-district-of-villaguay-entre-r%C3%A3-os-argentina-a-multivariate-analysis
#2
María Laura Bergel Sanchís, María Florencia Cesani, Evelia Edith Oyhenart
The analysis of nutritional status is anthropologically important to address the complex interaction of biological, social, political, economic and cultural factors. To deepen the knowledge about contexts of occurrence of child malnutrition, we analyzed nutritional status in relation to socio-environmental conditions of residence in children between three and six years from Villaguay, Entre Ríos, Argentina. We performed a cross-sectional study of 1,435 school children of both sexes. Body weight and height were measured and prevalence of low height/age (LH/A), low weight/age (LW/A), low BMI/age (LBMI/A), overweight (Ow) and obesity (Ob) was calculated using World Health Organization reference charts...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441253/the-impact-of-an-international-network-gynecologic-cancer-intergroup-for-clinical-research-on-global-capacity-for-gynecologic-cancer-clinical-trials
#3
Gavin C E Stuart, Henry C Kitchener, Jan B Vermorken, Michael J Quinn, William Small, Eric Pujade-Lauraine, Hansen Chou, Michelle Wong, Monica Bacon
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to demonstrate that the construction of the Gynecologic Cancer InterGroup (GCIG) has increased collaboration and accrual to high-quality phase 3 trials at a global level. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The GCIG is a collaboration of 29 international cooperative clinical trial groups committed to conduct of high-quality phase 3 trials among women with gynecologic cancer. A complete bibliography of the reported phase 3 trials has been developed and is available on the GCIG Web site http://www...
May 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441092/self-evaluation-of-quality-of-life-among-patients-receiving-home-parenteral-nutrition-a-validation-study
#4
Miriam Theilla, Ilya Kagan, Karina Chernov, Jonathan Cohen, Ilya Kagan, Pierre Singer
BACKGROUND: Home parenteral nutrition (HPN) can increase survival and quality of life (QOL) in cases of chronic intestinal failure. The present study compares a gold standard-a validated QOL assessment by Baxter et al (hereafter, HPN-QOL)-with a shorter questionnaire for QOL evaluation (hereafter, New QOL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Both questionnaires were completed by 58 patients attending the nutrition clinic of the Rabin Medical Center (Israel). A z score was used to equate means and variances...
April 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440996/-quality-dimensions-focused-on-the-healthcare-protocol-infarction-code-c%C3%A3-digo-infarto
#5
Jesús Arriaga-Dávila, Gilberto Pérez-Rodríguez, Gabriela Borrayo-Sánchez
The Código Infarto (Infarction Code) strategy is part of the comprehensive care program "A Todo Corazón" (To All Heart), whose aim is to reinforce the prevention and health care of cardiovascular diseases. Mexico faces a big challenge, since it is the country with greater mortality secondary to acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the first 30 days in patients of 45 years or older (28% compared with 7.9% of the average). In addition, Mexico's population has a high prevalence of risk factors (hypertension, diabetes, tobacco use, dyslipidemias, overweight, and obesity)...
May 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440783/social-vulnerability-and-hypoglycemia-among-patients-with-diabetes
#6
Jorge Waitman, Gabriela Caeiro, Silvana A Romero Gonzalez, Danila P Ré, Andrea Daghero, Claudio D Gonzalez, Guillermo E Umpierrez
Lower-income populations are hit harder by the diabetes epidemic as regards both prevalence and the risk of complications. Food Insecurity is one of the mechanisms through which poverty may predispose people with low socio-economic status to poorer control and higher complication rates. The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization defined food security as "the right to have access to sufficient nutritional and culturally acceptable food choices." Adults suffering from diabetes with limited income have a 40% greater chance of having food insecurity and an inadequate blood glucose control...
February 2017: Endocrinol Diabetes Nutr
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440752/assessment-study-of-the-nutritional-status-eating-habits-and-physical-activity-of-the-schooled-population-of-centelles-hostalets-de-baleny%C3%A3-and-sant-mart%C3%A3-de-centelles-alin-2014-study
#7
Queralt Aguilà, Maria Àngels Ramón, Susana Matesanz, Ramon Vilatimó, Irene Del Moral, Carles Brotons, Àngels Ulied
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Malnourishment can be caused by either a lack of food or an excess of low-nutrient foods. Due to several factors, this predisposes children to academic failure. The objective of this study is to estimate the prevalence of school children with eating problems, study their nutrition level, food quality in the diet, and level of physical activity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved the school children between 3 months and 16.5 years of age in the municipalities of Centelles, Hostalets de Balenyà and Sant Martí de Centelles...
March 2017: Endocrinol Diabetes Nutr
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440578/developing-social-marketed-individual-preconception-care-consultations-which-consumer-preferences-should-it-meet
#8
Sabine F van Voorst, Chantal A Ten Kate, Lieke C de Jong-Potjer, Eric A P Steegers, Semiha Denktaş
AIMS: Preconception care (PCC) is care that aims to improve the health of offspring by addressing risk factors in the pre-pregnancy period. Consultations are recognized as a method to promote perinatal health. However, prospective parents underutilize PCC services. Uptake can improve if delivery approaches satisfy consumer preferences. Aim of this study was to identify preferences of women (consumers) as a first step to social marketed individual PCC consultations. METHODS: In depth, semi-structured interviews were performed to identify women's views regarding the four components of the social marketing model: product (individual PCC consultation), place (setting), promotion (how women are made aware of the product) and price (costs)...
April 25, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440535/socioeconomic-status-and-its-relationship-to-chronic-respiratory-disease
#9
Sonu Sahni, Ankoor Talwar, Sameer Khanijo, Arunabh Talwar
Socioeconomic status (SES) is defined as an individual's social or economic standing, and is a measure of an individual's or family's social or economic position or rank in a social group. It is a composite of several measures including income, education, occupation, location of residence or housing. Studies have found a lower SES has been linked to disproportionate access to health care in many diseases. There is emerging data in pulmonary diseases such as COPD, asthma, cystic fibrosis, pulmonary hypertension and other chronic respiratory conditions that allude to a similar observation noted in other chronic diseases...
2017: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440334/trends-in-perinatal-mortality-and-its-risk-factors-in-japan-analysis-of-vital-registration-data-1979-2010
#10
Maaya Kita Sugai, Stuart Gilmour, Erika Ota, Kenji Shibuya
As Japan has achieved one of the lowest perinatal mortality rates (PMR), our study aims to estimate trends in and risk factors for perinatal mortality among singleton births in Japan. We used Japanese vital registration data to assess trends in and risk factors for perinatal outcomes between 1979 and 2010. Birth and death registration data were merged. An autoregressive integrated moving average model was fitted separately by sex to the PMR and the proportion of stillbirths. A multilevel Poisson regression model was used to estimate risk factors for perinatal mortality...
April 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440252/adjustment-to-acquired-vision-loss-in-adults-presenting-for-visual-disability-certification
#11
Aditya Nakade, Jolly Rohatgi, Manjeet S Bhatia, Upreet Dhaliwal
CONTEXT: Rehabilitation of the visually disabled depends on how they adjust to loss; understanding contributing factors may help in effective rehabilitation. AIM: The aim of this study is to assess adjustment to acquired vision loss in adults. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This observational study, conducted in the Department of Ophthalmology at a tertiary-level teaching hospital, included thirty persons (25-65 years) with <6/60 in the better eye, and vision loss since ≥6-months...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440109/the-demography-of-words-the-global-decline-in-non-numeric-fertility-preferences-1993-2011
#12
Margaret Frye, Lauren Bachan
This paper examines the decline in non-numeric responses to questions about fertility preferences among women in the developing world. These types of response-such as 'don't know' or 'it's up to God'-have often been interpreted through the lens of fertility transition theory as an indication that reproduction has not yet entered women's 'calculus of conscious choice'. However, this has yet to be investigated cross-nationally and over time. Using 19 years of data from 32 countries, we find that non-numeric fertility preferences decline most substantially in the early stages of a country's fertility transition...
April 25, 2017: Population Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440095/what-does-the-literature-say-about-using-robots-on-children-with-disabilities
#13
Antonio Miguel Cruz, Adriana María Ríos Rincón, William Ricardo Rodríguez Dueñas, Daniel Alejandro Quiroga Torres, Andrés Felipe Bohórquez-Heredia
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to examine the extent and type of robots used for the rehabilitation and education of children and young people with CP and ASD and the associated outcomes. METHODS: The scholarly literature was systematically searched and analyzed. Articles were included if they reported the results of robots used or intended to be used for the rehabilitation and education of children and young people with CP and ASD during play and educative and social interaction activities...
April 25, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440005/comparing-the-burden-of-illness-of-haemophilia-between-resource-constrained-and-unconstrained-countries-the-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-toronto-hemophilia-study
#14
J D A Carneiro, V Blanchette, M C Ozelo, S V Antunes, P R Villaca, N L Young, D Castro, L R Brandão, M Carcao, A Abad, B M Feldman
INTRODUCTION: Although the regular replacement of clotting factor concentrates (prophylaxis) has been well established as the standard of care for severe haemophilia, the high cost of factor concentrates has limited access to prophylaxis in countries with under-developed or developing economies. AIMS: We studied the health gap that could be addressed by providing unlimited access to clotting factor concentrates with implementation of long-term prophylaxis initiated from an early age in life...
April 24, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439993/non-smoker-assertive-behaviour-against-smoke-exposure-chinese-and-korean-american-non-smokers
#15
Anne Saw, Hao Tang, Janice Y Tsoh, Moon S Chen, Elisa K Tong
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Non-smokers' assertive behaviour towards smokers by asking them not to smoke is important in promoting smoke-free environments. Korean and Chinese Americans come from countries where most women are non-smokers and assertive behaviour may not be prevalent but may increase after migration because of social-ecological factors. This study assessed the extent to which Korean and Chinese American non-smokers ask someone not to smoke and associated factors. DESIGN AND METHODS: The 2003 California Chinese American and Korean American Tobacco Use Surveys were analysed...
April 25, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439816/competitive-health-markets-and-risk-equalisation-in-australia-lessons-learnt-from-other-countries
#16
Ayman Fouda, Gianluca Fiorentini, Francesco Paolucci
The aims of this paper are to evaluate the risk equalisation (RE) arrangement in Australia's private health insurance against practices in other countries with similar arrangements and to propose ways of improving the system to advance economic efficiency and solidarity. Possible regulatory responses to insurance market failures are reviewed based on standard economic arguments. We describe various regulatory strategies used elsewhere to identify essential system features against which the Australian system is compared...
April 24, 2017: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439787/social-withdrawal-among-individuals-receiving-psychiatric-care-derivation-of-a-scale-using-routine-clinical-assessment-data-to-support-screening-and-outcome-measurement
#17
Sebastian Rios, Christopher M Perlman
Social withdrawal is a symptom experienced by individuals with an array of mental health conditions, particularly those with schizophrenia and mood disorders. Assessments of social withdrawal are often lengthy and may not be routinely integrated within the comprehensive clinical assessment of the individual. This study utilized item response and classical test theory methods to derive a Social Withdrawal Scale (SWS) using items embedded within a routine clinical assessment, the RAI-Mental Health (RAI-MH). Using data from 60,571 inpatients in Ontario, Canada, a common factor analysis identified seven items from the RAI-MH that measure social withdrawal...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439622/long-term-impacts-of-parental-migration-on-chinese-children-s-psychosocial-well-being-mitigating-and-exacerbating-factors
#18
Chenyue Zhao, Feng Wang, Leah Li, Xudong Zhou, Therese Hesketh
PURPOSE: Prolonged separation from migrant parents raises concerns for the well-being of 60 million left behind children (LBC) in rural China. This study aimed to investigate the impact of current and previous parental migration on child psychosocial well-being, with a focus on emotional and behavioral outcomes, while considering factors in family care and support. METHODS: Children were recruited from schools in migrant-sending rural areas in Zhejiang and Guizhou provinces by random stratified sampling...
April 24, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439245/validation-of-the-persian-version-of-the-langer-mindfulness-scale
#19
Fatemeh Moafian, Francesco Pagnini, Hooshang Khoshsima
This study validates the Persian version of the Langer Mindfulness Scale (LMS). The original scale consists of 21 items and 4 subscales; namely, novelty producing, novelty seeking, engagement, and flexibility. In this study, four samples including 2271 individuals in total participated. Confirmatory factor analysis was employed to test the factorial structure of the Persian version. The results verified a two-factor structure including novelty producing and novelty seeking for the scale and the two subscales of engagement and flexibility were omitted due to marginal fit...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439183/race-ethnic-disparities-in-hospital-arrival-time-after-ischemic-stroke
#20
Mellanie V Springer, Daniel L Labovitz, Ethan C Hochheiser
OBJECTIVE: Conflicting reports exist about hospital arrival time after stroke onset in Hispanics compared with African Americans and Caucasians. Our current study investigates race-ethnic disparities in hospital arrival times after stroke onset. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of hospital arrival times in Hispanic, African American, and Caucasian acute ischemic stroke patients (N=1790) presenting to a tertiary-care hospital in the Bronx, New York...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
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