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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684891/considering-high-alcohol-and-violence-neighborhood-context-using-daily-diaries-and-gps-a-pilot-study-among-people-living-with-hiv
#1
Katherine P Theall, Erica Felker-Kantor, Maeve Wallace, Xiao Zhang, Christopher N Morrison, Douglas J Wiebe
Our understanding of how community-level context impacts care of persons living with HIV (PLWH), including antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence and retention in care, is limited. The objective of this study was to characterize the activity spaces of PLWH from an urban area in Southeastern U.S., where the epidemic is among the nation's highest, and to examine how such activity spaces are associated with daily mood and health behaviors. In this small, pilot study, 11 participants were tracked with a global positioning system (GPS)-enabled application on their smartphones for 2 weeks...
April 10, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684863/psychological-and-genetic-risk-factors-associated-with-suicidal-behavior-in-korean-patients-with-mood-disorders
#2
Hee-Yeon Choi, Ga Eun Kim, Kyoung Ae Kong, Yu Jin Lee, Weon-Jeong Lim, So-Hyun Park, Su Hee Ha, Soo In Kim
INTRODUCTION: To prevent suicide, a nationwide important issue in Korea, understanding its etiology is essential. This study aimed to delineate the risk factors for suicidal behavior in mood disorder patients in Korea. METHODS: 216 patients with mood disorders were recruited. We measured suicidal ideation (SI) and suicide attempt (SA) history and the association of six gene polymorphisms with SB: COMT (rs4680), HTR1A (rs6295), TPH1 (rs1800532), BDNF (rs6265), SLC1A3 (rs2269272), and SLC1A2 (rs4755404)...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684650/the-social-network-of-international-health-aid
#3
Lu Han, Mathias Koenig-Archibugi, Tore Opsahl
International development assistance for health generates an emergent social network in which policy makers in recipient countries are connected to numerous bilateral and multilateral aid agencies and to other aid recipients. Ties in this global network are channels for the transmission of knowledge, norms and influence in addition to material resources, and policy makers in centrally situated governments receive information faster and are exposed to a more diverse range of sources and perspectives. Since diversity of perspectives improves problem-solving capacity, the structural position of aid-receiving governments in the health aid network can affect the health outcomes that those governments are able to attain...
April 7, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684614/barriers-and-facilitators-for-implementing-programmes-and-services-to-address-hyperglycaemia-in-pregnancy-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Karoline Kragelund Nielsen, Peter Damm, Ib C Bygbjerg, Anil Kapur
AIMS: An estimated 87.6% of hyperglycaemia in pregnancy cases is in low and middle income countries (LMICs). The aim of this study is to review the evidence on barriers and facilitators to programmes and services addressing hyperglycaemia in pregnancy in LMICs. METHODS: A systematic review and narrative synthesis was conducted based on searches in PubMed. A total of 23 qualitative and quantitative studies were included. RESULTS: Barriers and facilitators exist at the health system level, individual level and social and societal levels and are often interacting...
April 20, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684289/lonely-young-adults-in-modern-britain-findings-from-an-epidemiological-cohort-study
#5
Timothy Matthews, Andrea Danese, Avshalom Caspi, Helen L Fisher, Sidra Goldman-Mellor, Agnieszka Kepa, Terrie E Moffitt, Candice L Odgers, Louise Arseneault
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to build a detailed, integrative profile of the correlates of young adults' feelings of loneliness, in terms of their current health and functioning and their childhood experiences and circumstances. METHODS: Data were drawn from the Environmental Risk Longitudinal Twin Study, a birth cohort of 2232 individuals born in England and Wales in 1994 and 1995. Loneliness was measured when participants were aged 18. Regression analyses were used to test concurrent associations between loneliness and health and functioning in young adulthood...
April 24, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684223/socioeconomic-disadvantage-across-the-life-course-and-oral-health-in-older-age-findings-from-a-longitudinal-study-of-older-british-men
#6
Sheena E Ramsay, Efstathios Papachristou, Richard G Watt, Lucy T Lennon, A Olia Papacosta, Peter H Whincup, S Goya Wannamethee
Background: The influence of life-course socioeconomic disadvantage on oral health at older ages is not well-established. We examined the influence of socioeconomic factors in childhood, middle-age and older age on oral health at older ages, and tested conceptual life-course models (sensitive period, accumulation of risk, social mobility) to determine which best described observed associations. Methods: A representative cohort of British men aged 71-92 in 2010-12 included socioeconomic factors in childhood, middle-age and older age...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684199/patterns-of-ses-health-disparities-among-older-adults-in-three-upper-middle-and-two-high-income-countries
#7
Mary McEniry, Rafael Samper-Ternent, Carmen Elisa Flórez, Renata Pardo, Carlos Cano-Gutierrez
Objectives: To examine the socioeconomic status (SES) health gradient for obesity, diabetes, and hypertension within a diverse group of health outcomes and behaviors among older adults (60+) in upper middle-income countries benchmarked with high-income countries. Method : We used data from three upper middle-income settings (Colombia-SABE-Bogotá, Mexico-SAGE, and South Africa-SAGE) and two high-income countries (England-ELSA and US-HRS) to estimate logistic regression models using age, gender, and education to predict health and health behaviors...
April 19, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683872/social-support-moderates-the-relationship-between-perceived-stress-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-a-left-ventricular-assist-device
#8
Martha Abshire, Stuart D Russell, Patricia M Davidson, Chakra Budhathoki, Hae-Ra Han, Kathleen L Grady, Shashank Desai, Cheryl Dennison Himmelfarb
BACKGROUND: Living with a left ventricular assist device has significant psychosocial sequelae that affect health-related quality of life (HRQOL). OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to (1) describe psychosocial indicators of stress including perceived stress, depression, fatigue, and coping; (2) examine relationships among stress indicators by level of perceived stress; (3) examine relationships among indicators of stress and clinical outcomes; and (4) test the moderation of social support on the relationship between stress and clinical outcomes...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683691/veterans-with-recent-substance-use-and-aggression-ptsd-substance-use-and-social-network-behaviors
#9
Minden B Sexton, Alan K Davis, Katherine R Buchholz, Jamie J Winters, Sheila A M Rauch, Maegan Yzquibell, Erin E Bonar, Steven Friday, Stephen T Chermack
OBJECTIVE: Violence is a salient concern among veterans, yet relationships between psychiatric comorbidity, social networks, and aggression are poorly understood. We examined associations between biopsychosocial factors (substance use, posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD], and social network behaviors) with aggression. METHOD: We recruited veterans endorsing past-year aggression and substance use (N = 180) from Department of Veterans Affairs outpatient treatment clinics...
April 23, 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683686/nonsocially-housed-rats-ratus-norvegicus-seek-social-interactions-and-social-novelty-more-than-socially-housed-counterparts
#10
Victoria L Templer, Taylor B Wise, Katrina Isabel T Dayaw, Judith Nicole T Dayaw
Sociability is the act or quality of social interaction and can be quantified by determining the number and duration of interactions with conspecifics. The purpose of this study was to examine the extent to which sustained social contact, as achieved by constant social living conditions, influenced social behavior. Beginning in juvenility, 19 male Long-Evans rats were housed in enriched environments, with half living socially in a large group and half living individually. After several months in these housing conditions, rats were tested on a sociality test and a social novelty preference test...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Comparative Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683232/predictors-of-success-and-quality-of-life-in-people-with-borderline-intelligence-the-special-school-label-personal-and-social-resources
#11
Grzegorz Szumski, Anna Firkowska-Mankiewicz, Izabela Lebuda, Maciej Karwowski
BACKGROUND: This longitudinal study examines the extent to which personal factors (intelligence and health status), social resources (family socioeconomic status, SES), special school placement and being labelled as a pupil with a disability in childhood predict subjective quality of life and objective life success 23 years later. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample consisted of 49 individuals with borderline intellectual functioning (BIF), 21 of whom attended special schools and were labelled as having special educational needs; the remaining 28 attended regular schools and were not labelled in this way...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683042/factors-affecting-continuation-of-clean-intermittent-catheterisation-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-results-of-the-cosmos-mixed-methods-study
#12
Doreen McClurg, Carol Bugge, Andrew Elders, Tasneem Irshad, Suzanne Hagen, Katherine N Moore, Brian Buckley, Mandy Fader
BACKGROUND: Clean intermittent catheterisation (CIC) is often recommended for people with multiple sclerosis (MS). OBJECTIVE: To determine the variables that affect continuation or discontinuation of the use of CIC. METHODS: A three-part mixed-method study (prospective longitudinal cohort ( n = 56), longitudinal qualitative interviews ( n = 20) and retrospective survey ( n = 456)) was undertaken, which identified the variables that influenced CIC continuation/discontinuation...
April 1, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683028/the-factors-associated-with-anxiety-symptom-severity-in-older-adults-living-in-nursing-homes-and-other-residential-aged-care-facilities
#13
Alexandra S Creighton, Tanya E Davison, David W Kissane
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify the biopsychosocial factors associated with anxiety among a residential aged care sample. METHOD: A total of 178 residents ( M age = 85.4 years, SD = 7.4 years) with mild cognitive impairment or normal cognition participated. Participants completed the Geriatric Anxiety Inventory (GAI) and a set of measures assessing cognition, depression, self-perceived health, mastery, attachment, perceived social support, social engagement, functional status, the experience of a fall, and other negative life events...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683014/older-adults-perspectives-on-the-process-of-becoming-users-of-assistive-technology-a-qualitative-systematic-review-and-meta-synthesis
#14
Stina Meyer Larsen, Rikke Falgreen Mortensen, Hanne Kaae Kristensen, Lise Hounsgaard
PURPOSE: To identify, synthesize, and evaluate existing literature concerning the process of becoming a user of assistive technology (AT). METHOD: A systematic review and meta-synthesis were carried out. Five bibliographic databases (MEDLINE via PubMed, CINAHL, Web of Science, PsycINFO and SocINDEX) were systematically searched up to 13th of March 2017, using two sets of search terms: (i) elderly and synonyms and (ii) assistive technology and similar words, and combined with a qualitative research filter...
April 22, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682988/impact-of-symptom-and-social-support-on-fertility-intention-in-reproductive-age-women-with-breast-cancer
#15
Sheng-Miauh Huang, Ling-Ming Tseng, Jerry Cheng-Yen Lai, Yi-Fang Tsai, Pei-Ju Lien, Ping-Ho Chen
This study describes the fertility intention and explores factors related to fertility intention in reproductive-age women with breast cancer in Taiwan. In this cross-sectional study, women of childbearing age who had been diagnosed with breast cancer completed a face-to-face survey that included demographic, disease, and symptom-related data, and social support and fertility intention information. The mean fertility intention score among the 223 participants was "medium" ( M ± SD = 41.18 ± 12.62)...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682921/alcohol-drinking-among-primary-school-children-in-trinidad-and-tobago-prevalence-and-associated-risk-factors
#16
Chinwendu F Agu, Daniel C Oshi, Steve Weaver, Wendel D Abel, Tania Rae, Tana F Ricketts Roomes, Sarah N Oshi
Background: Underage alcohol use is a pervasive problem with serious health, social and safety consequences. This study was undertaken to assess alcohol use by primary school children in Trinidad and Tobago, and to identify associated risk factors. Methods: We analysed data collected from 40 primary schools in Trinidad and Tobago by the National Alcohol and Drug Abuse Prevention Programme (NADAPP). The sample comprised of children aged 8 -15 years old, in standards 3, 4 and 5. Result: Out of the 2052 children, 648 (31...
April 23, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682846/an-integrative-review-of-nurses-prosocial-behaviours-contributing-to-work-environment-optimization-organizational-performance-and-quality-of-care
#17
Janice Feather, Linda McGillis Hall, Patricia Trbovich, G Ross Baker
AIM: To rigorously review the literature on the prosocial workplace behaviours of nurses. BACKGROUND: Prosocial workplace behaviours, predominantly organisational citizenship behaviours have been theoretically and empirically found to promote individual and group level performance in various industries. However, little consensus exists in the literature regarding the impact of nurses' workplace behaviours on the work environment and organisational performance. EVALUATION: An integrative literature review was conducted on studies between 1980 and 2016...
April 22, 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682835/longitudinal-examination-of-family-efficacy-following-pediatric-stem-cell-transplant
#18
Rachel Tillery, Naomi E Joffe, Constance A Mara, Stella M Davies, Ahna L H Pai
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric stem cell transplant (pSCT) is emotionally demanding for families. Yet, we know little of how the family unit responds to the adversity of pSCT within the first year after transplant. Family efficacy, an indicator of family resilience, is linked to positive parent, child, and family adjustment. Better understanding the factors that promote family efficacy during this difficult time could inform modifiable intervention targets and improve child and parent adjustment...
April 23, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682751/social-influences-of-error-monitoring-in-adolescent-girls
#19
Tyson V Barker, Sonya V Troller-Renfree, Lindsay C Bowman, Daniel S Pine, Nathan A Fox
Adolescence is a developmental period characterized by increased social motivation and a heightened concern of peer evaluation. However, little research has examined social influences on neural functioning in adolescence. One psychophysiological measure of motivation, the error-related negativity (ERN), is an ERP following an error. In adults, the ERN is enhanced by contextual factors that influence motivation, such as social observation and evaluation. The current study examined relations among age and neural responses in social contexts in adolescence...
April 22, 2018: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682632/an-alpine-ant-s-behavioural-polymorphism-monogyny-with-and-without-internest-aggression-in-tetramorium-alpestre
#20
Patrick Krapf, Lucia Russo, Wolfgang Arthofer, Markus Möst, Florian M Steiner, Birgit C Schlick-Steiner
Social structure influences animal societies on various levels (e.g., relatedness, behaviour). In ants, both the number of matings per queen and the number of queens per colony can vary strongly. While workers from both monogynous and polygynous colonies often fight fiercely, in supercolonies (an extreme form of polygyny comprising thousands of queens in spatially separated but interconnected nests), non-nestmates interact peacefully. Studies on social and behavioural polymorphism within ant species can help elucidate their influence on genetic diversity and behaviour and the factors triggering variation in social structure and behaviour...
2018: Ethology, Ecology & Evolution
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