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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471463/metapragmatic-explicitation-and-social-attribution-in-social-communication-disorder-and-developmental-language-disorder-a-comparative-study
#1
Catherine Adams, Elaine Lockton, Anna Collins
Purpose: The purposes of this study are to investigate metapragmatic (MP) ability in 6-11-year-old children with social communication disorder (SCD), developmental language disorder (DLD), and typical language development and to explore factors associated with MP explicitation and social understanding (SU). Method: In this cross-sectional study, all participants (N = 82) completed an experimental task, the Assessment of Metapragmatics (Collins et al., 2014), in which pragmatic errors are identified in filmed interactions...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471331/cross-cultural-validation-and-extension-of-the-clinical-assessment-interview-for-negative-symptoms-cains-in-the-chinese-context-evidence-from-a-spectrum-perspective
#2
Dong-Jie Xie, Hai-Song Shi, Simon S Y Lui, Chuan Shi, Ying Li, Karen K Y Ho, Karen S Y Hung, Wen-Xiu Li, Zheng-Hui Yi, Eric F C Cheung, Ann M Kring, Raymond C K Chan
The Clinical Assessment Interview for Negative Symptoms (CAINS) was designed in accordance with the recent theory and research in social affective neuroscience and to address the psychometric and conceptual limitations of other instruments assessing negative symptoms. The present study aimed to provide a large-scale validation of the CAINS in China and examine its applicability and validity evidence across the schizophrenia spectrum. Using confirmatory factor analysis, our results replicated the original findings in the US development samples that the CAINS possesses a stable 2-factor structure, namely "motivation/pleasure" and "expression"...
February 20, 2018: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471251/adopting-data-interpretation-on-mining-fine-grained-near-repeat-patterns-in-crimes
#3
Ke Wang, Zhiping Cai, Peidong Zhu, Pengshuai Cui, Haoyang Zhu, Yangyang Li
The near-repeat effect is a well-known phenomenon in crime analysis. The classic research methods focus on two aspects. One is the geographical factor, which indicates the influence of a certain crime risk on other similar crime incidents in nearby places. The other is the social network, which demonstrates the contacts of the offenders and explain "near" as degrees instead of geographic distances. In our work, these coarse-grained patterns discovering methods are summarized as bundled-clues techniques...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471082/anhedonic-behavior-and-%C3%AE-amino-butyric-acid-during-a-sensitive-period-in-female-rats-exposed-to-early-adversity
#4
Jodi L Lukkes, Shirisha Meda, Kevin J Norman, Susan L Andersen
Early life adversity increases depressive behavior that emerges during adolescence. Sensitive periods have been associated with fewer GABAergic interneurons, especially parvalbumin (PV), brain derived growth factor, and its receptor, TrkB. Here, maternal separation (MS) and social isolation (ISO) were used to establish a sensitive period for anhedonic depression using the learned helplessness (LH) paradigm. Female Sprague-Dawley rat pups underwent MS for 4-h/day or received typical care (CON) between postnatal days 2-20; for the ISO condition, separate cohorts were individually housed between days 20-40 or served as controls (CON2)...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470636/migration-background-and-childhood-overweight-in-the-hannover-region-in-2010-2014-a-population-based-secondary-data-analysis-of-school-entry-examinations
#5
Yusheng Zhou, Thomas von Lengerke, Ulla Walter, Maren Dreier
Overweight and obesity constitute a global epidemic with rates that are increasing rapidly in children. The aim of the present study was to examine ethnic differences in the prevalence of overweight in pre-school children in a multicultural context. Data were collected from a compulsory school entry examination in the Hannover Region, Germany (n = 50,716) from 2010 to 2014. The prevalence of overweight (including pre-obesity and obesity status) and obesity was estimated using a German national reference...
February 22, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470605/considering-the-context-social-factors-in-responses-to-drugs-in-humans
#6
REVIEW
Harriet de Wit, Michael Sayette
BACKGROUND: Drugs are typically used in social settings. Here, we consider two factors that may contribute to this observation: (i) the presence of other people may enhance the positive mood effects of a drug, and conversely, (ii) drugs may enhance the value of social stimuli. METHODS: We review evidence from controlled laboratory studies with human volunteers, which investigated either of these interactions between social factors and responses to drugs. We examine the bidirectional effects of social stimuli and single doses of alcohol, stimulants, opioids, and cannabis...
February 22, 2018: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470565/sociodemographic-medical-and-psychosocial-factors-associated-with-supportive-care-needs-in-adults-diagnosed-with-uveal-melanoma
#7
Timothy J Williamson, Alexandra Jorge-Miller, Tara A McCannel, Tammy M Beran, Annette L Stanton
Importance: Understanding supportive care needs in patients with cancer is important for developing approaches that enhance quality of life and promote satisfaction with care. Objective: To characterize the nature and frequency of sociodemographic, medical, and psychosocial factors associated with unmet needs in patients with uveal melanoma 1 week and 3 months after diagnosis. Design, Setting, and Participants: This 3-month, prospective, longitudinal survey study was conducted at a university-based ophthalmology practice from June 1, 2007, to July 1, 2011...
February 22, 2018: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470532/psychosocial-health-and-suicidal-ideation-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids-a-cross-sectional-study-in-nanjing-china
#8
Wei Wang, Chenchang Xiao, Xing Yao, Yinmei Yang, Hong Yan, Shiyue Li
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a serious cause of mortality worldwide and is considered as a psychiatric emergency. People living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) have higher rates of suicidal behavior than the general population. This study assessed the prevalence and verified the syndemic effect of psychosocial health conditions on suicidal ideation among PLWHA in China. METHODS: An institutional-based cross-sectional study was conducted from July to August 2016 in Nanjing, China, using a self-report questionnaire...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470313/injustice-perceptions-about-pain-parent-child-discordance-is-associated-with-worse-functional-outcomes
#9
Megan M Miller, David Wuest, Amy E Williams, Eric L Scott, Zina Trost, Adam T Hirsh
Pain is experienced in and influenced by social environments. For children with chronic pain, the child-parent relationship and parental beliefs about pain are particularly important and may influence pain outcomes. Pain-related injustice perceptions have recently been identified as an important cognitive-emotional factor for children with pain. The current study aimed to better understand the pain-related injustice perceptions of children with chronic pain and their parents. The sample consisted of 253 pediatric chronic pain patients (mean age=14...
February 20, 2018: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470117/adaptive-behavior-of-sheltered-homeless-children-in-the-french-enfams-survey
#10
Stéphane Darbeda, Bruno Falissard, Massimiliano Orri, Caroline Barry, Maria Melchior, Pierre Chauvin, Stéphanie Vandentorren
OBJECTIVES: To describe the adaptive behaviors in a large sample of homeless children and identify factors associated with developmental delay. METHODS: Data were from a cross-sectional survey of 557 children younger than 6 years randomly sampled among homeless sheltered families in the Paris, France, region (January-May 2013). An interviewer and a psychologist conducted face-to-face interviews to collect information on sociodemographic and health characteristics...
February 22, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470005/factors-influencing-the-introduction-of-a-process-of-advance-care-planning-in-outpatient-hemodialysis-facilities
#11
Aoife Moran
Individuals with kidney failure on outpatient hemodialysis therapy may experience many biopsycho social complications and existential concerns. Consequently, there is a need to implement a process of advance care planning to effectively meet the extensive needs of these individuals. However, this article suggests there are various barriers in some outpatient hemodialysis facilities that may hinder the introduction of advance care planning. This article provides a critical discussion of some of these elements, including increased time pressure, nurse-patient communication, and the nurse-patient relationship...
January 2018: Nephrology Nursing Journal: Journal of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469694/dermatology-on-snapchat
#12
Ravi R Patel, N Kuseh Kalani Yazd, Robert P Dellavalle
Launched in 2011, Snapchat is one of the newest social media platforms with over 158 million active daily users. This study investigated the presence of dermatology-related content on Snapchat. We searched for Snapchat accounts for the top ten most popular dermatology journals, professional dermatological organizations, and dermatology-related patient advocate groups on social media. None of the above-mentioned entities were found on Snapchat. Plastic surgeons were found to primarily utilize the application, although one prominent dermatologist was also found...
July 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469675/lessons-from-the-past-some-histories-of-alpha-1-antitrypsin-deficiency-before-its-discovery
#13
A Perciaccante, P Charlier, C Negri, A Coralli, O Appenzeller, R Bianucci
A1AT deficiency- a genetically inherited autosomal codominant disease with more than 120 identified alleles- was first identified by Laurell and Eriksson in 1963. The most common hereditary disorder in adults, A1AT causes an increased risk of developing pulmonary emphysema and liver disease. In A1AT patients, lung disease generally presents at a younger age than "usual" chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and it may be misdiagnosed as asthma. Because A1AT deficiency patients can show the same clinical features as non-deficient COPD (including increased evidence of bronchiectasis, frequent exacerbations, impaired health status and a degree of reversibility of airflow obstruction), the World Health Organization recommend to test every patient with a diagnosis of COPD or adult-onset asthma for A1AT deficiency...
February 2018: COPD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469672/va-staff-perceptions-of-barriers-and-facilitators-to-home-and-community-based-placement-post-hospital-discharge
#14
Edward Alan Miller, Orna Intrator, Emily Gadbois, Stefanie Gidmark, James L Rudolph
This study identifies factors VA staff perceived to promote or impede home and community-based services (HCBS) placement post-hospital discharge among Veterans cared for within the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). Data derive from 35 semi-structured interviews with staff from 12 VA Medical Centers from around the country. VA staff reported that Veterans' care needs and social and financial resources influence HCBS placement. They also reported prerequisites for successful placement, including housing, unpaid informal care, and non-VA services funded privately and by public programs such as Medicaid and the Older Americans Act...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469655/valentin-magnan-and-sergey-korsakov-french-and-russian-pioneers-in-the-study-of-alcohol-abuse
#15
Paul Eling, Alla Vein
This study focuses on two outstanding psychiatrists: the Frenchman Valentin Magnan (1835-1916) and the Russian Sergey Korsakov (1854-1900). Their international renown is primarily associated with their investigations into health consequences of alcohol consumption; they were pioneers in this field, and happened to know each other well. The similarities and differences are shown in social and scientific approaches adopted by these two scientists. In his work, Magnan focused mainly on absinthe and epilepsy; he considered alcoholism to be a hereditary mental disorder...
February 22, 2018: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469462/-measures-and-effects-of-schistosomiasis-elimination-in-wujin-district-changzhou-city
#16
Lu Yi-Li, Wang Yun-Hua, Xuan Xiao-Ju, Xu Li
OBJECTIVE: To understand the measures and effects of schistosomiasis elimination in Wujin District, Changzhou City, so as to provide the reference for other similar areas. METHODS: The data of schistosomiasis prevention and control were collected and analyzed in Wujin District, Changzhou City from 1995 to 2015. RESULTS: From 1995 to 2015, the accumulated area for investigating Oncomelania hupensis snail habitats was 15 934.01 hm2 in Wujin District, and the accumulated area with snail habitats was 34...
December 27, 2017: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469078/barriers-affecting-adherence-to-radiation-treatment-and-strategies-to-overcome-those-barriers
#17
R Rangarajan, K Jayaraman
BACKGROUND: The WHO defines adherence as the extent to which a patient's behavior coincides with recommendations from a health-care provider. Nonadherence to cancer treatment has a major impact on the therapeutic outcome. AIM OF THE STUDY: To assess the prevalence of nonadherence to radiation regimen and to analyze the factors that affect adherence to cancer treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients receiving radiation treatment in our hospital were screened for adherence to appointment keeping and to the prescribed radiation regimen and patients who had unplanned treatment breaks during treatment were interviewed...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468953/socioeconomic-differences-in-the-use-of-alcohol-and-drunkenness-in-adolescents-trends-in-the-health-behaviour-in-school-aged-children-study-in-finland-1990-2014
#18
Yang Liu, Tomi Lintonen, Jorma Tynjälä, Jari Villberg, Raili Välimaa, Kristiina Ojala, Lasse Kannas
AIMS: The aims of this study were to explore time-based trends of socioeconomic differences in alcohol use and drunkenness in Finnish adolescents from 1990 to 2014 and to investigate the significance of two indicators in detecting socioeconomic differences in alcohol use and drunkenness. METHODS: Data were retrieved from seven surveys conducted as part of the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study in Finland from 1990 to 2014. The alcohol use and drunkenness of 15-year-old students, as well as socioeconomic status, including educational aspiration and perceived family wealth, were assessed via a self-report questionnaire...
February 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468928/the-work-of-childhood-understanding-school-functioning-in-youth-with-chronic-pain
#19
Kailyn Jones, David Nordstokke, Gabrielle Wilcox, Meadow Schroeder, Melanie Noel
School is often cited as the 'work of childhood' and serves as an important site for child and adolescent development. Frequent school absences in children and adolescents with chronic pain are well documented; however, variables that may explain school impairment are not understood. The potential consequences of school impairment are extensive, as these children and adolescents are at great risk for achieving poor grades and sometimes require full-time homebound instruction. This, in turn, can have adverse effects on occupational and social functioning well into adulthood...
February 22, 2018: Pain Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468925/self-reported-adhd-and-adult-health-in-the-united-states
#20
Scott D Landes, Andrew S London
OBJECTIVE: Informed by a social determinants of health framework, we investigate the relationship between self-reported ADHD diagnosis status and adult health, and whether observed associations are attenuated by biomedical and socioeconomic factors. METHOD: Using 2007 National Health Interview Survey data ( N = 19,104), we present multivariate logistic regression analyses of associations between self-reported ADHD diagnosis status and five adult health outcomes...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Attention Disorders
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