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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029215/child-sexual-abuse-and-depression-in-late-life-for-men-a-population-based-longitudinal-analysis
#1
Scott D Easton, Jooyoung Kong, Matt C Gregas, Ce Shen, Kevin Shafer
Objective: Research investigating long-term effects of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) on mental health for men is vastly underdeveloped. This study strengthened the knowledge base by examining: (a) long-term trajectories of depressive symptoms for men with and without a history of CSA, and (b) moderating effects of social support over time. Method: We analyzed multiple waves of data from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study. The sample (N = 2,451) consisted of men with histories of CSA and a stratified, randomly sampled comparison group...
September 27, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028593/genetic-variations-in-the-p11-tpa-bdnf-pathway-are-associated-with-post-stroke-depression
#2
Jinfeng Liang, Yingying Yue, Haitang Jiang, Deqin Geng, Jun Wang, Jianxin Lu, Shenghua Li, Kezhong Zhang, Aiqin Wu, Yonggui Yuan
BACKGROUND: The effects of BDNF on post stroke depression (PSD) may be influenced by genetic variations in intracellular signal transduction pathways, such as the p11/tPA/BDNF pathway. In this study, we aimed to determine the association of polymorphisms in candidate genes of the gene transduction pathway with PSD, as well as the effects of the interactions between genes in our Chinese sample. METHODS: Two-hundred-fifty-four Chinese samples with acute ischaemic stroke included 122 PSD patients and 132 nonPSD patients...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028564/assessing-police-officers-attitudes-and-legal-knowledge-on-behaviors-that-impact-hiv-transmission-among-people-who-inject-drugs
#3
Javier A Cepeda, Steffanie A Strathdee, Jaime Arredondo, Maria L Mittal, Teresita Rocha, Mario Morales, Erika Clairgue, Eliane Bustamante, Daniela Abramovitz, Irina Artamonova, Arnulfo Bañuelos, Thomas Kerr, Carlos L Magis-Rodriguez, Leo Beletsky
BACKGROUND: Policing practices such as syringe confiscation and arrest can act as important social-structural drivers of HIV risk among people who inject drugs (PWID). However, police referral to treatment and other services may improve the health of PWID. Little is known about the role of modifiable attitudinal and knowledge factors in shaping officer behavior. Using baseline findings from a police education program (PEP), we assessed relationships between drug policy knowledge and attitudes towards public health interventions with self-reported syringe confiscation, drug arrest, and service referral among street-level police in Tijuana, Mexico...
October 10, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028562/common-and-differential-factors-associated-with-abstinence-and-poly-drug-use-among-australian-adolescents
#4
Simone Pettigrew, Michelle Jongenelis, David Lawrence, Wavne Rikkers
BACKGROUND: Social norms relating to youth substance use are changing. In Australia, alcohol use among adolescents has fallen dramatically and tobacco and cannabis use have also reduced, albeit more moderately. The aim of the present study was to identify (i) factors associated with compliance with recommendations for zero intake of alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis and (ii) factors associated with poly drug use (intake of all three substances). METHODS: As part of the Young Minds Matter Study, a self-report survey was administered to 1661 Australian adolescents aged 15-17 years...
October 10, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028559/-what-s-the-right-thing-to-do-correctional-healthcare-providers-knowledge-attitudes-and-experiences-caring-for-transgender-inmates
#5
Kirsty A Clark, Jaclyn M White Hughto, John E Pachankis
RATIONAL: Incarcerated transgender individuals may need to access physical and mental health services to meet their general and gender-affirming (e.g., hormones, surgery) medical needs while incarcerated. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to examine correctional healthcare providers' knowledge of, attitudes toward, and experiences providing care to transgender inmates. METHOD: In 2016, 20 correctional healthcare providers (e.g., physicians, social workers, psychologists, mental health counselors) from New England participated in in-depth, semi-structured interviews examining their experiences caring for transgender inmates...
October 5, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028558/determinants-of-trust-in-the-flu-vaccine-for-african-americans-and-whites
#6
Vicki S Freimuth, Amelia M Jamison, Ji An, Gregory R Hancock, Sandra Crouse Quinn
Trust is thought to be a major factor in vaccine decisions, but few studies have empirically tested the role of trust in adult immunization. Utilizing a 2015 national survey of African American and White adults (n = 1630), we explore multiple dimensions of trust related to influenza immunization, including generalized trust, trust in the flu vaccine, and trust in the vaccine production process. We find African Americans report lower trust than Whites across all trust measures. When considering demographic, racial, and ideological predictors, generalized trust shows statistically significant effects on both trust in the flu vaccine and trust in the vaccine process...
October 4, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028245/austerity-and-health-the-impact-in-the-uk-and-europe
#7
David Stuckler, Aaron Reeves, Rachel Loopstra, Marina Karanikolos, Martin McKee
Austerity measures-reducing social spending and increasing taxation-hurts deprived groups the most. Less is known about the impact on health. In this short review, we evaluate the evidence of austerity's impact on health, through two main mechanisms: a 'social risk effect' of increasing unemployment, poverty, homelessness and other socio-economic risk factors (indirect), and a 'healthcare effect' through cuts to healthcare services, as well as reductions in health coverage and restricting access to care (direct)...
October 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028239/nordic-paradox-southern-miracle-eastern-disaster-persistence-of-inequalities-in-mortality-in-europe
#8
Johan P Mackenbach
The persistence of socioeconomic inequalities in health, despite all that has been done to reduce social and economic inequalities in many European countries, is one of the great disappointments of public health. In this paper, I summarize the results of a series of studies into the explanation of variations and trends in inequalities in mortality in three European regions: the Nordic countries with their puzzlingly large inequalities in mortality, Southern European countries with their miraculously small inequalities in mortality and Central & Eastern European countries in which inequalities in mortality have disastrously exploded since the early 1990 s...
October 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027807/annals-express-biochemistry-of-the-menopause
#9
John W Honour
The life of a human female is characterised from teenage years by monthly menstruation which ceases (the menopause) typically between the age of 40 and 60 years. The potential for reproduction declines and ceases as the ovaries become depleted of follicles. A transition period in mid-life, for 2 to 10 years, when menstruation is less regular is called the peri-menopause. The menopause is associated with a significant decline in plasma concentrations of sex hormones, an increase in the concentrations of the gonadotrophins and changes in other hormones such as the inhibins...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027643/contribution-of-theory-of-mind-executive-functioning-and-pragmatics-to-socialization-behaviors-of-children-with-high-functioning-autism
#10
Carmen Berenguer, Ana Miranda, Carla Colomer, Inmaculada Baixauli, Belén Roselló
Social difficulties are a key aspect of autism, but the intervening factors are still poorly understood. This study had two objectives: to compare the profile of ToM skills, executive functioning (EF), and pragmatic competence (PC) of children with high-functioning autism (HFA) and children with typical development (TD), and analyze their mediator role in social functioning. The participants were 52 children with HFA and 37 children with TD matched on age, intelligence quotient, and expressive vocabulary. Significant differences were found on measures of ToM, both explicit and applied, EF, and PC between children with HFA and TD...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027602/combining-risk-communication-strategies-to-simultaneously-convey-the-risks-of-four-diseases-associated-with-physical-inactivity-to-socio-demographically-diverse-populations
#11
Eva Janssen, Robert A C Ruiter, Erika A Waters
A single risk factor can increase the risk of developing multiple diseases, but most risk communication research has been conducted in the context of a single disease. We explored which combination of three recommended risk communication strategies is most effective in simultaneously conveying risk estimates of four diseases associated with physical inactivity: colon cancer, stroke, diabetes, and heart disease. Participants (N = 1161, 50% no college experience, 50% racial/ethnic minority) were shown hypothetical risk estimates for each of the four diseases...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027058/the-impact-of-religiosity-on-substance-abuse-and-obesity-in-african-americans
#12
Bernice A Dodor, Michael A Robinson, Reed Watson, David Meetz, Ronald Wicker
Among the African American community, there exist many health disparities which warrant greater examination through the practice of social work. The aim of the present research was to explore the impact of religiosity on substance abuse and obesity among African American populations by employing a systematic review of the current body of literature on this subject. While many of the studies reviewed found at least a weak relationship between religiosity and obesity, such results were not consistent across all materials examined...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026745/psychometric-properties-of-the-trust-in-physician-scale-in-tamil-nadu-india
#13
Maria Jusler Kalsingh, Geetha Veliah, Vijayaprasad Gopichandran
CONTEXT: Trust in health care is of high intrinsic value. It also leads to positive outcomes such as better treatment adherence and disclosure of sensitive information. Therefore, there is a need to measure trust in health care objectively. AIMS: To assess the psychometric properties of the Trust in Physician Scale in Tamil Nadu, India. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: The study was conducted in a private tertiary hospital setting in Tamil Nadu by a cross-sectional survey design...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026727/adverse-effects-of-prolonged-sitting-behavior-on-the-general-health-of-office-workers
#14
Hadi Daneshmandi, Alireza Choobineh, Haleh Ghaem, Mehran Karimi
BACKGROUND: Excessive sitting behavior is a risk factor for many adverse health outcomes. This study aimed to survey the prevalence of sitting behavior and its adverse effects among Iranian office workers. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 447 Iranian office workers. A two-part questionnaire was used as the data collection tool. The first part surveyed the demographic characteristics and general health of the respondents, while the second part contained the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (NMQ) to assess symptoms...
July 2017: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026488/a-longitudinal-study-on-the-effects-of-negative-rearing-experiences-on-adolescents-social-withdrawal-and-aggression
#15
Kyung-Suk Lee, Ok-Joo Choi, Joon-Ho Kim
BACKGROUND: Children who have experienced negative rearing behaviors show a lack of self-confidence due to emotional instability and are reserved in interpersonal relationships. This can lead to failure in social adaptation and a high risk of depression, suicide, criminal acts, and anti-social behaviors. Therefore, this study aims to analyze the effects of experiencing negative parental rearing behaviors, such as neglect and abuse, on adolescents' social withdrawal and aggression, by utilizing multivariate latent growth models...
September 2017: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026455/interactive-visualization-of-public-health-indicators-to-support-policymaking-an-exploratory-study
#16
Moutasem Zakkar, Kamran Sedig
The purpose of this study is to examine the use of interactive visualizations to represent data/information related to social determinants of health and public health indicators, and to investigate the benefits of such visualizations for health policymaking. METHODS: The study developed a prototype for an online interactive visualization tool that represents the social determinants of health. The study participants explored and used the tool. The tool was evaluated using the informal user experience evaluation method...
2017: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026436/relationship-between-menstruation-status-and-work-conditions-in-japan
#17
Mariko Nishikitani, Mutsuhiro Nakao, Shinobu Tsurugano, Mariko Inoure, Eiji Yano
BACKGROUND: Menstrual problems can significantly impact daily and work life. In reaction to a shrinking population, the Japanese government is encouraging more women to participate in the labor force. Actual success in achieving this aim, however, is limited. Specifically, participation in the workforce by women during their reproductive years is impacted by their health, which involves not only work conditions, but also traditional family circumstances. Therefore, it is important to further assess and gather more information about the health status of women who work during their reproductive years in Japan...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026376/diversities-in-timing-of-sexual-debut-among-nigerian-youths-aged-15-24-years-parametric-and-non-parametric-survival-analysis-approach
#18
Adeniyi Francis Fagbamigbe, Erhabor Idemudia
OBJECTIVE: This study examined gender, generational, cultural and social diversities in timing of sexual debut among Nigerian youths and determined factors influencing the timings. METHODS: We extracted data of respondents aged 15-24 years from 2012 Nigeria nationally representative data. The outcome of interest was time at sexual debut while predictors included residence, marital status, zones, education, religion, age at first marriage. Data was censored, cox proportional hazard and generalized gamma models were used to model age at sexual debut with p=0...
March 2017: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025971/role-of-connexin-43-in-different-forms-of-intercellular-communication-gap-junctions-extracellular-vesicles-and-tunnelling-nanotubes
#19
REVIEW
Teresa M Ribeiro-Rodrigues, Tânia Martins-Marques, Sandrine Morel, Brenda R Kwak, Henrique Girão
Communication is important to ensure the correct and efficient flow of information, which is required to sustain active social networks. A fine-tuned communication between cells is vital to maintain the homeostasis and function of multicellular or unicellular organisms in a community environment. Although there are different levels of complexity, intercellular communication, in prokaryotes to mammalians, can occur through secreted molecules (either soluble or encapsulated in vesicles), tubular structures connecting close cells or intercellular channels that link the cytoplasm of adjacent cells...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025841/neighbourhood-characteristics-and-mental-disorders-in-three-chinese-cities-multilevel-models-from-the-world-mental-health-surveys
#20
Alexandre Dias Porto Chiavegatto Filho, Laura Sampson, Silvia S Martins, Shui Yu, Yueqin Huang, Yanling He, Sing Lee, Chiyi Hu, Alan Zaslavsky, Ronald C Kessler, Sandro Galea
OBJECTIVES: The rapid growth of urban areas in China in the past few decades has introduced profound changes in family structure and income distribution that could plausibly affect mental health. Although multilevel studies of the influence of area-level socioeconomic factors on mental health have become more common in other parts of the world, a study of this sort has not been carried out in Chinese cities. Our objectives were to examine the associations of two key neighbourhood-level variables-median income and percentage of married individuals living in the neighbourhood-with mental disorders net of individual-level income and marital status in three Chinese cities...
October 11, 2017: BMJ Open
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