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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214249/perceived-neighborhood-social-cohesion-and-preventive-healthcare-use
#1
Eric S Kim, Ichiro Kawachi
INTRODUCTION: Neighborhood social cohesion has been linked with better health and health behaviors, but its association with patterns of preventive healthcare use remains understudied. The hypothesis was that people with higher perceived neighborhood social cohesion would display increased use of preventive healthcare services. METHODS: Participants (N=7,168) were drawn from the 2006 wave of the Health and Retirement Study-a prospective and nationally representative panel study of American adults aged >50 years-and tracked for one wave (2 years)...
February 14, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214045/factors-affecting-the-willingness-of-nursing-students-to-receive-annual-seasonal-influenza-vaccination-a-large-scale-cross-sectional-study
#2
Kin Cheung, Sin Man Simone Ho, Winsome Lam
Nursing students are at high risk of exposure to vaccine-preventable diseases such as seasonal influenza. However, due to the limited number of studies conducted in this area, the prevalence and factors affecting annual seasonal influenza vaccination (ASIV) uptake remain unclear. This was a large-scale cross-sectional survey study conducted among 902 nursing students in different years of study. The questionnaire was developed based on the Health Belief Model (HBM), and logistic regression was used to determine the predictors of ASIV uptake...
February 14, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213889/social-emotional-competence-an-essential-factor-for-promoting-positive-adjustment-and-reducing-risk-in-school-children
#3
Celene E Domitrovich, Joseph A Durlak, Katharine C Staley, Roger P Weissberg
Social-emotional competence is a critical factor to target with universal preventive interventions that are conducted in schools because the construct (a) associates with social, behavioral, and academic outcomes that are important for healthy development; (b) predicts important life outcomes in adulthood; (c) can be improved with feasible and cost-effective interventions; and (d) plays a critical role in the behavior change process. This article reviews this research and what is known about effective intervention approaches...
February 18, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213805/an-overview-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-heterogeneity-and-treatment-options
#4
REVIEW
Anne Masi, Marilena M DeMayo, Nicholas Glozier, Adam J Guastella
Since the documented observations of Kanner in 1943, there has been great debate about the diagnoses, the sub-types, and the diagnostic threshold that relates to what is now known as autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Reflecting this complicated history, there has been continual refinement from DSM-III with 'Infantile Autism' to the current DSM-V diagnosis. The disorder is now widely accepted as a complex, pervasive, heterogeneous condition with multiple etiologies, sub-types, and developmental trajectories. Diagnosis remains based on observation of atypical behaviors, with criteria of persistent deficits in social communication and restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior...
February 17, 2017: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213563/development-and-validation-of-a-patient-reported-outcome-instrument-for-skin-involvement-in-patients-with-systemic-sclerosis
#5
Ada Man, Jeannette K Correa, Jessica Ziemek, Robert W Simms, David T Felson, Robert Lafyatis
OBJECTIVES: We developed a patient-reported outcome (PRO) instrument to assess the skin-related quality of life in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: Participants with SSc provided input on skin-related health effects through focus groups. We developed items for scleroderma skin PRO (SSPRO) to encompass these effects. Further consideration from cognitive interviews and an expert panel led to reduction and modification of items. A 22-item SSPRO was field tested...
February 17, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213187/suicide-attempters-with-high-and-low-suicide-intent-different-populations-in-rural-china
#6
Bao-Peng Liu, Xin-Ting Wang, Cun-Xian Jia
This paired case-control study aimed to compare characteristics between suicide attempters with high and low suicide intent in rural China. We evaluated 409 suicide attempters and their paired controls who were matched with the same gender, age (a difference of no more than 3 years), and similar residence. Compared to paired control, suicide attempt with high and low suicide intent shared the 3 common risk factors of negative life event, high depression score, and low social support score. In addition, mental disorder was an independent risk factor of suicide attempt with high intent...
February 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212641/local-constraints-to-access-appropriate-malaria-treatment-in-the-context-of-parasite-resistance-in-cambodia-a-qualitative-study
#7
Jesse Verschuere, Tom Decroo, Dara Lim, Jean-Marie Kindermans, Chea Nguon, Rekol Huy, Yasmine Alkourdi, Koen Peeters Grietens, Charlotte Gryseels
BACKGROUND: Despite emerging drug resistance in Cambodia, artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) is still the most efficacious therapy. ACT is available free of charge in the Cambodian public sector and at a subsidized rate in the private sector. However, un- and mistreated cases in combination with population movements may lead to the further spread of resistant parasites, stressing the importance of understanding how the perceived aetiology of malaria and associated health-seeking behaviour may delay access to appropriate treatment...
February 17, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212639/erectile-dysfunction-and-exposure-to-ambient-air-pollution-in-a-nationally-representative-cohort-of-older-men
#8
Lindsay A Tallon, Justin Manjourides, Vivian C Pun, Murray A Mittleman, Marianthi-Anna Kioumourtzoglou, Brent Coull, Helen Suh
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the association between air pollution and erectile dysfunction (ED), a disorder occurring in 64% of men over the age of 70, and to date, no studies have been published. To address this significant knowledge gap, we explored the relationship between ED and air pollution in a group of older men who were part of the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (NSHAP), a nationally representative cohort study of older Americans. METHODS: We obtained incident ED status and participant data for 412 men (age 57-85)...
February 17, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212600/persistence-of-social-inequalities-in-modern-welfare-states-explanation-of-a-paradox
#9
Johan P Mackenbach
AIMS: Social-epidemiological explanations of health inequalities usually take the existence of social inequality as a given and ignore the fundamental questions of why social inequality exists in the first place and why it is so persistent. I review here theories of the explanation of social inequality to identify the processes and/or structures responsible for its persistence. METHODS: This paper is a review of the relevant sociological literature. RESULTS: The sociological literature suggests that what persists over long periods of time is not a specific manifestation of social inequality but a 'meta-phenomenon': the fact that there are different social positions, that these social positions give access to different levels of resources in some graded way and that the distribution of individuals over social positions follows rules that create inequalities in the opportunities for achieving a more advantaged social position...
March 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212591/maternal-bonding-through-pregnancy-and-postnatal-findings-from-an-australian-longitudinal-study
#10
Larissa Rossen, Delyse Hutchinson, Judy Wilson, Lucinda Burns, Steve Allsop, Elizabeth J Elliott, Sue Jacobs, Jacqui A Macdonald, Craig Olsson, Richard P Mattick
Background Mother-infant bonding provides the foundation for secure attachment through the lifespan and organizes many facets of infant social-emotional development, including later parenting. Aims To describe maternal bonding to offspring across the pregnancy and postnatal periods, and to examine a broad range of sociodemographic and psychosocial predictors of the maternal-offspring bond. Methods Data were drawn from a sample of 372 pregnant women participating in an Australian population-based longitudinal study of postnatal health and development...
February 17, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212349/household-dengue-prevention-interventions-expenditures-and-barriers-to-aedes-aegypti-control-in-machala-ecuador
#11
Naveed Heydari, David A Larsen, Marco Neira, Efraín Beltrán Ayala, Prissila Fernandez, Jefferson Adrian, Rosemary Rochford, Anna M Stewart-Ibarra
The Aedes aegypti mosquito is an efficient vector for the transmission of Zika, chikungunya, and dengue viruses, causing major epidemics and a significant social and economic burden throughout the tropics and subtropics. The primary means of preventing these diseases is household-level mosquito control. However, relatively little is known about the economic burden of Ae. aegypti control in resource-limited communities. We surveyed residents from 40 households in a high-risk community at the urban periphery in the city of Machala, Ecuador, on dengue perceptions, vector control interventions, household expenditures, and factors influencing purchasing decisions...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212202/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-adolescent-health-promotion-scale-in-chile-differences-by-socioeconomic-status-and-gender
#12
Cristian A Rojas-Barahona, Jorge Gaete, Esterbina Olivares, Carla E Förster, Eugenio Chandia, Mei-Yen Chen
BACKGROUND: The promotion of healthy behaviors is a relevant issue worldwide, especially among adolescent populations, as this is the developmental stage where most unhealthy behaviors become ingrained. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyze the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Adolescent Health Promotion Scale (AHPS) in a Chilean sample of early adolescents. METHODS: The sample was composed of 1,156 adolescents aged 10-14 years from schools in San Felipe, Chile...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211981/first-report-of-factors-associated-with-satisfaction-in-patients-with-neurofibromatosis
#13
Eric Riklin, Mojtaba Talaei-Kheoi, Vanessa L Merker, Monica R Sheridan, Justin T Jordan, Scott R Plotkin, Ana-Maria Vranceanu
Patient satisfaction is an integral part of quality health care. We assessed whether health literacy and psychosocial factors are associated with patient satisfaction among adults with neurofibromatosis. Eighty adults (mean age = 44 years; 55% female, 87% white) with NF (50% NF1, 41% NF2, and 9% schwannomatosis) completed an adapted Functional, Communicative, and Critical Health Literacy Questionnaire (FCCHL), the Health Literacy Assessment, a series of Patient Reported Outcome Measures Information System (PROMIS) psychosocial tests, and demographics before the medical visit...
March 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211002/factors-that-influence-effective-perioperative-temperature-management-by-anesthesiologists-a-qualitative-study-using-the-theoretical-domains-framework
#14
Sylvain Boet, Andrea M Patey, Justine S Baron, Karim Mohamed, Ashlee-Ann E Pigford, Gregory L Bryson, Jamie C Brehaut, Jeremy M Grimshaw
PURPOSE: Inadvertent perioperative hypothermia (IPH) is associated with a range of adverse outcomes. Safe and effective warming techniques exist to prevent IPH; however, IPH remains common. This study aimed to identify factors that anesthesiologists perceive may influence temperature management during the perioperative period. METHODS: After Research Ethics Board approval, semi-structured interviews were conducted with staff anesthesiologists at a Canadian academic hospital...
February 16, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210994/factors-related-to-the-quality-of-life-of-older-prisoners
#15
Stefaan De Smet, Liesbeth De Donder, Denis Ryan, Sofie Van Regenmortel, Dorien Brosens, Stijn Vandevelde
PURPOSES: There is evidence of an increasing emphasis on the relevance of the quality of life-paradigm as an outcome measure for clients in geriatric, forensic, as well as correctional care. This paper aims to explore to what extent variables that were categorized according to the main areas of the Good Lives Model ('the self', 'the body' and 'social life') are related to the quality of life domains of older imprisoned offenders. METHODS: Data were collected by means of a structured questionnaire administered in individual interviews with 93 older prisoners aged 60 years and over in 16 prisons of the Dutch-speaking region in Belgium...
February 16, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210993/impact-of-caregiver-activities-and-social-supports-on-multidimensional-caregiver-burden-analyses-from-nationally-representative-surveys-of-cancer-patients-and-their-caregivers
#16
Michael T Halpern, Mallorie H Fiero, Melanie L Bell
PURPOSE: Informal caregivers of individuals with cancer may experience substantial burdens. To develop interventions to support these caregivers, it is crucial to quantify and understand the domains of burdens potentially experienced by caregivers and factors contributing to each domain. METHODS: Using data from two national surveys, the National Survey of Caregiving (NSOC) linked to the National Health and Aging Trends Survey (NHATS), we identified all participants in the NHATS diagnosed with cancer who had a caregiver participating in the NSOC...
February 16, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210478/the-twin-epidemic-in-infertility-care-why-do-we-persist-in-transferring-too-many-embryos
#17
EDITORIAL
W Ombelet
The epidemic of iatrogenic multiple births as a result of infertility treatment are responsible for an unacceptable high incidence of maternal, perinatal and childhood morbidity and mortality. Healthcare costs due to infertility therapy are too high and this may lead to social and political concern. The introduction of single embryo transfer (SET) was a real breakthrough, but was only accepted in most European countries and Japan. The United States, Latin America and most developing countries still have high multiple pregnancy rates...
December 2016: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210232/confirmatory-factor-analysis-of-the-combined-social-phobia-scale-and-social-interaction-anxiety-scale-support-for-a-bifactor-model
#18
Rapson Gomez, Shaun D Watson
For the Social Phobia Scale (SPS) and the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS) together, this study examined support for a bifactor model, and also the internal consistency reliability and external validity of the factors in this model. Participants (N = 526) were adults from the general community who completed the SPS and SIAS. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) of their ratings indicated good support for the bifactor model. For this model, the loadings for all but six items were higher on the general factor than the specific factors...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209604/birth-size-risk-factors-across-life-and-cognition-in-late-life-protocol-of-prospective-longitudinal-follow-up-of-the-mynah-mysore-studies-of-natal-effects-on-ageing-and-health-cohort
#19
Murali Krishna, G Mohan Kumar, S R Veena, G V Krishnaveni, Kalyanaraman Kumaran, Samuel Christaprasad Karat, Patsy Coakley, Clive Osmond, John R M Copeland, Giriraj Chandak, Dattatray Bhat, Mathew Varghese, Martin Prince, Caroline Fall
INTRODUCTION: For late-life neurocognitive disorders, as for other late-life chronic diseases, much recent interest has focused on the possible relevance of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD). Programming by undernutrition in utero, followed by overnutrition in adult life may lead to an increased risk, possibly mediated through cardiovascular and metabolic pathways. This study will specifically examine, if lower birth weight is associated with poorer cognitive functioning in late life in a south Indian population...
February 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209467/socio-economic-factors-cultural-values-national-personality-and-antibiotics-use-a-cross-cultural-study-among-european-countries
#20
Ümmügülsüm Gaygısız, Timo Lajunen, Esma Gaygısız
There are considerable cross-national differences in public attitudes towards antibiotics use, use of prescribed antibiotics, and self-medication with antibiotics even within Europe. This study was aimed at investigating the relationships between socio-economic factors, cultural values, national personality characteristics and the antibiotic use in Europe. Data included scores from 27 European countries (14 countries for personality analysis). Correlations between socio-economic variables (Gross National Income per capita, governance quality, life expectancy, mean years of schooling, number of physicians), Hofstede's cultural value dimensions (power distance, individualism, masculinity, uncertainty avoidance, long-term orientation, indulgence), national personality characteristic (extraversion, neuroticism, social desirability) and antibiotic use were calculated and three regression models were constructed...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
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