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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936458/predictors-of-functional-disability-with-focus-on-activities-of-daily-living-a-community-based-follow-up-study-in-older-adults-in-india
#1
Aarti Nagarkar, Yashoda Kashikar
BACKGROUND: Disability in activities of daily living is a growing concern among older populations all over the world. India has one of the rapidly ageing populations and predicted burden of functional disability is higher for Indian older adults as compared to other ageing Asian countries. METHODS: Total 1140 aged 60 years and over participated in a baseline study. 560 of them participated in the prospective cohort study conducted in the city of Pune, India. An interview and functional assessment using a questionnaire and Pune-FAAT tool was carried out in 2013-14...
December 2, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936196/resilience-and-associated-factors-among-mainland-chinese-women-newly-diagnosed-with-breast-cancer
#2
Zijing Wu, Ye Liu, Xuelian Li, Xiaohan Li
PURPOSE: Resilience is the individual's ability to bounce back from trauma. It has been studied for some time in the U.S., but few studies in China have addressed this important construct. In mainland China, relatively little is known about the resilience of patients in clinical settings, especially among patients with breast cancer. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the level of resilience and identify predictors of resilience among mainland Chinese women newly diagnosed with breast cancer...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936071/foot-conditions-among-homeless-persons-a-systematic-review
#3
Matthew J To, Thomas D Brothers, Colin Van Zoost
INTRODUCTION: Foot problems are common among homeless persons, but are often overlooked. The objectives of this systematic review are to summarize what is known about foot conditions and associated interventions among homeless persons. METHODS: A literature search was conducted on MEDLINE (1966-2016), EMBASE (1947-2016), and CINAHL (1982-2016) and complemented by manual searches of reference lists. Articles that described foot conditions in homeless persons or associated interventions were included...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936053/predicting-30-day-readmissions-in-an-asian-population-building-a-predictive-model-by-incorporating-markers-of-hospitalization-severity
#4
Lian Leng Low, Nan Liu, Sijia Wang, Julian Thumboo, Marcus Eng Hock Ong, Kheng Hock Lee
BACKGROUND: To reduce readmissions, it may be cost-effective to consider risk stratification, with targeting intervention programs to patients at high risk of readmissions. In this study, we aimed to derive and validate a prediction model including several novel markers of hospitalization severity, and compare the model with the LACE index (Length of stay, Acuity of admission, Charlson comorbidity index, Emergency department visits in past 6 months), an established risk stratification tool...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935918/study-of-infertile-couples-attending-a-teaching-hospital-in-eastern-nepal
#5
S Subedi, S Lamichhane, M Chhetry
INTRODUCTION: Infertility is a global health issue and a socially destabilizing condition for couples with several stigmas including medical, social, psychological burdens and a marital disharmony. The aim was to study the incidence of infertility in couples attending outdoor of Nobel Medical College and to know the contributing factors among the infertile couples. METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional study was carried out in the outpatient department of a teaching hospital July 2015-June 2016, where the incidence of infertility and the contributing factors for the same were evaluated...
July 2016: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935786/beneficioso-y-una-prioridad-latina-women-s-perceptions-about-hiv-testing
#6
S Sudha, Sharon D Morrison, Kenneth J Gruber
OBJECTIVES: Studies indicate a higher rate of HIV infection among Latinos in the United States, and a pattern of later testing associated with poorer disease management, greater risk of spreading infection, and higher death rates. Thus, it is imperative to generate culturally holistic strategies to improve HIV testing among Latina women. METHODS: We surveyed 182 Latina women in the southeastern US. We cross-tabulated demographic, social, and experiential factors of women who have taken a previous HIV test with women who have not yet been tested...
January 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935731/two-bayesian-tests-of-the-glomosys-model
#7
Sarahanne M Field, Eric-Jan Wagenmakers, Ben R Newell, René Zeelenberg, Don van Ravenzwaaij
Priming is arguably one of the key phenomena in contemporary social psychology. Recent retractions and failed replication attempts have led to a division in the field between proponents and skeptics and have reinforced the importance of confirming certain priming effects through replication. In this study, we describe the results of 2 preregistered replication attempts of 1 experiment by Förster and Denzler (2012). In both experiments, participants first processed letters either globally or locally, then were tested using a typicality rating task...
December 2016: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935321/neighborhood-economic-deprivation-and-social-fragmentation-associations-with-children-s-sleep
#8
Erika J Bagley, Thomas E Fuller-Rowell, Ekjyot K Saini, Lauren E Philbrook, Mona El-Sheikh
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: A growing body of work indicates that experiences of neighborhood disadvantage place children at risk for poor sleep. This study aimed to examine how both neighborhood economic deprivation (a measure of poverty) and social fragmentation (an index of instability) are associated with objective measures of the length and quality of children's sleep. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 210 children (54.3% boys) living predominantly in small towns and semirural communities in Alabama...
December 9, 2016: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935247/focusing-on-situation-specific-expectations-in-major-depression-as-basis-for-behavioural-experiments-development-of-the-depressive-expectations-scale
#9
Tobias Kube, Lisa D'Astolfo, Julia A Glombiewski, Bettina K Doering, Winfried Rief
OBJECTIVES: Dysfunctional expectations are considered to be core features of various mental disorders. The aim of the study was to develop the Depressive Expectations Scale (DES) as a depression-specific measure for the assessment of dysfunctional expectations. Whereas previous research primarily focused on general cognitions and attitudes, the DES assesses 25 future-directed expectations (originally 75 items) which are situation-specific and falsifiable. DESIGN AND METHODS: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the DES, the scale was completed by 175 participants with and without severe depressive symptoms in an online survey...
December 9, 2016: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934933/decadal-shifts-of-east-asian-summer-monsoon-in-a-climate-model-free-of-explicit-ghgs-and-aerosols
#10
Renping Lin, Jiang Zhu, Fei Zheng
The East Asian summer monsoon (EASM) experienced decadal transitions over the past few decades, and the associated "wetter-South-drier-North" shifts in rainfall patterns in China significantly affected the social and economic development in China. Two viewpoints stand out to explain these decadal shifts, regarding the shifts either a result of internal variability of climate system or that of external forcings (e.g. greenhouse gases (GHGs) and anthropogenic aerosols). However, most climate models, for example, the Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project (AMIP)-type simulations and the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP)-type simulations, fail to simulate the variation patterns, leaving the mechanisms responsible for these shifts still open to dispute...
December 9, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934630/does-place-of-death-vary-by-deprivation-for-patients-known-to-specialist-palliative-care-services
#11
Michael Macfarlane, Emma Carduff
OBJECTIVES: Referral to, and usage of, specialist palliative care (SPC) services are not equitable and social deprivation may be a contributory factor in this. Deprivation may also affect the place of death of patients with cancer. No study, however, has investigated whether inequalities persist following referral to SPC services. This study investigates whether place of death varies by deprivation for patients known to SPC services. METHODS: Place of death and postcode were obtained for 485 consecutive patients known to SPC services within NHS Lothian who died in 2014-2015...
December 1, 2016: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934537/a-study-of-sociocultural-factors-on-depression-in-chinese-infertile-women-from-hunan-province
#12
Hui Li, Jun Lei, Fengjiao Xu, Chunli Yan, Marin Guimerans, Haiyan Xing, Yiqin Sun, Dengke Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the sociocultural factors influencing depression in Chinese infertile women in Hunan Province. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out. A total of 211 Chinese infertile women completed demographic details, a disease-related information questionnaire, a self-rating depression scale (SDS) and a social support rating scale (SSRS). RESULTS: One hundred and seven (50.71%) of the participants were classified as depressed according to the self-rating depression scale...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933018/a-study-of-the-coupling-of-fet-temperament-traits-with-major-depression
#13
Irina N Trofimova, William Sulis
Objective: Temperament and mental illness have been linked to the same systems of behavioral regulation. A temperament model, carefully structured to respond to subtle differences within systems of behavior regulation, should exhibit distinct temperament patterns in the presence of mental illness. Previous comparisons of temperament profiles in mental disorders used mostly emotionality-related traits. In contrast, the Functional Ensemble of Temperament (FET) model differentiates not only between emotionality traits, but also between traits related to physical, verbal, and mental aspects of behavior and maps 12 functional aspects of behavior to temperament traits as well as to symptoms of mental illnesses...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933008/healthcare-needs-experiences-and-satisfaction-after-terrorism-a-longitudinal-study-of-survivors-from-the-ut%C3%A3-ya-attack
#14
Lise E Stene, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Grete Dyb
Background: Public health outreach programs have been developed in order to ensure that needs are met after disasters. However, little is known about survivors' experiences with post-terror healthcare. In the present study, our objectives were to (1) describe survivors' experiences with post-terror healthcare, (2) identify factors associated with reports of unmet healthcare needs, and (3) examine the relationship between socio-demographic characteristics, healthcare experiences and satisfaction. Methods: Our study comprised three waves of semi-structured interviews with 261/490 (53%) survivors of the Utøya mass shooting...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932998/gene-expression-dynamics-in-major-endocrine-regulatory-pathways-along-the-transition-from-solitary-to-social-life-in-a-bumblebee-bombus-terrestris
#15
Pavel Jedlička, Ulrich R Ernst, Alena Votavová, Robert Hanus, Irena Valterová
Understanding the social evolution leading to insect eusociality requires, among other, a detailed insight into endocrine regulatory mechanisms that have been co-opted from solitary ancestors to play new roles in the complex life histories of eusocial species. Bumblebees represent well-suited models of a relatively primitive social organization standing on the mid-way to highly advanced eusociality and their queens undergo both, a solitary and a social phase, separated by winter diapause. In the present paper, we characterize the gene expression levels of major endocrine regulatory pathways across tissues, sexes, and life-stages of the buff-tailed bumblebee, Bombus terrestris, with special emphasis on critical stages of the queen's transition from solitary to social life...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932877/factors-influencing-exacerbation-related-self-management-in-patients-with-copd-a-qualitative-study
#16
Yjg Korpershoek, Scjm Vervoort, Lit Nijssen, Jca Trappenburg, M J Schuurmans
BACKGROUND: In patients with COPD, self-management skills are important to reduce the impact of exacerbations. However, both detection and adequate response to exacerbations appear to be difficult for some patients. Little is known about the underlying process of exacerbation-related self-management. Therefore, the objective of this study was to identify and explain the underlying process of exacerbation-related self-management behavior. METHODS: A qualitative study using semi-structured in-depth interviews was performed according to the grounded theory approach, following a cyclic process in which data collection and data analysis alternated...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932840/should-dental-teams-be-doing-more-to-make-adolescents-aware-of-the-health-risks-of-water-pipe-tobacco-smoking-shisha
#17
D Wright, H Burrow, D Hurst
The prevalence of waterpipe tobacco smoking (also known as shisha, hookah, narghile or hubble bubble) is increasing worldwide and is especially popular among adolescents of all cultures, ethnicities and socio-economic backgrounds. This increased prevalence is thought to be due to a number of factors including the relationship between the social aspect of waterpipe smoking and a thriving café culture, lack of regulatory or policy framework specific to waterpipe use, the perception of reduced harm and the evolution of social media...
December 9, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932551/antigen-unmasking-enhances-visualization-efficacy-of-the-oocyte-activation-factor-phospholipase-c-zeta-in-mammalian-sperm
#18
Junaid Kashir, Luke Buntwal, Michail Nomikos, Brian L Calver, Panagiotis Stamatiadis, Peter Ashley, Vyronia Vassilakopoulou, David Sanders, Paul Knaggs, Evangelia Livaniou, Adnan Bunkheila, Karl Swann, F Anthony Lai
STUDY QUESTION: Is it possible to improve clinical visualization of phospholipase C zeta (PLCζ) as a diagnostic marker of sperm oocyte activation capacity and male fertility? SUMMARY ANSWER: Poor PLCζ visualization efficacy using current protocols may be due to steric or conformational occlusion of native PLCζ, hindering antibody access, and is significantly enhanced using antigen unmasking/retrieval (AUM) protocols. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Mammalian oocyte activation is mediated via a series of intracellular calcium (Ca(2+)) oscillations induced by sperm-specific PLCζ...
December 8, 2016: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932403/using-the-de-jong-gierveld-loneliness-scale-with-early-adolescents-factor-structure-reliability-stability-and-external-validity
#19
Paweł Grygiel, Grzegorz Humenny, Sławomir Rębisz
The present investigation is the first examination of the factor structures, reliability, external validity, longitudinal invariance, and stability of the De Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale (DJGLS), as used with early adolescents. It is based on a two-wave, large, representative sample of Polish primary school pupils. The results demonstrate that the model most reflective of the factor structure of the DJGLS is the bifactor model, which assumes the occurrence of one, highly reliable, general factor (overall sense of loneliness) and two, relatively irrelevant, subfactors...
December 8, 2016: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932013/socio-economic-inequalities-in-health-and-health-service-use-among-older-adults-in-india-results-from-the-who-study-on-global-ageing-and-adult-health-survey
#20
E M Brinda, J Attermann, U G Gerdtham, U Enemark
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to measure socio-economic inequalities in self-reported health (SRH) and healthcare visits and to identify factors contributing to health inequalities among older people aged 50-plus years. STUDY DESIGN: This study is based on a population-based, cross-sectional survey. METHODS: We accessed data of 7150 older adults from the World Health Organization's Study on Global AGEing and adult health Indian survey...
December 2016: Public Health
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