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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823071/accelerating-the-integration-of-distributed-water-solutions-a-conceptual-financing-model-from-the-electricity-sector
#1
Kimberly J Quesnel, Newsha K Ajami, Noemi Wyss
Modern challenges require new approaches to urban water management. One solution in the portfolio of potential strategies is the integration of distributed water infrastructure, practices, and technologies into existing systems. However, many practical barriers have prevented the widespread adoption of these systems in the US. The objective of this paper is to address these challenges by developing a conceptual model encompassing regulatory, financial, and governance components that can be used to incorporate new distributed water solutions into our current network...
August 19, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822919/neighborhood-environment-walkability-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-older-adults-in-hong-kong
#2
Yanan Zhao, Pak-Kwong Chung
This study examined the associations between walkability related environmental attributes (WREA) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among older adults in Hong Kong. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 340 participants (women = 233; mean age = 74.4 years) living in urban communities. Independent variables included residential density, land use mix-diversity, land use mix-access, street connectivity, infrastructure for walking, aesthetics, traffic hazards, crime, access to parking, lack of cul-de-sacs, hilliness, and physical barriers...
August 10, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822794/lipidomics-informatics-for-life-science
#3
D Schwudke, A Shevchenko, N Hoffmann, R Ahrends
Lipidomics encompasses analytical approaches that aim to identify and quantify the complete set of lipids, defined as lipidome in a given cell, tissue or organism as well as their interactions with other molecules. The majority of lipidomics workflows is based on mass spectrometry and has been proven as a powerful tool in system biology in concert with other Omics disciplines. Unfortunately, bioinformatics infrastructures for this relatively young discipline are limited only to some specialists. Search engines, quantification algorithms, visualization tools and databases developed by the 'Lipidomics Informatics for Life-Science' (LIFS) partners will be restructured and standardized to provide broad access to these specialized bioinformatics pipelines...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822767/eurostemcell-a-european-infrastructure-for-communication-and-engagement-with-stem-cell-research
#4
REVIEW
Jan Barfoot, Kate Doherty, C Clare Blackburn
EuroStemCell is a large and growing network of organizations and individuals focused on public engagement with stem cells and regenerative medicine - a fluid and contested domain, where scientific, political, ethical, legal and societal perspectives intersect. Rooted in the European stem cell research community, this project has developed collaborative and innovative approaches to information provision and direct and online engagement, that reflect and respond to the dynamic growth of the field itself. EuroStemCell started as the communication and outreach component of a research consortium and subsequently continued as a stand-alone engagement initiative...
August 16, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822439/-multisystemic-smooth-muscle-dysfunction-syndrome-in-children-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
Y L Zhou, Y Y Zhang, B L Cheng, D Xu, L F Tang, Z M Chen
Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics and diagnosis of multisystemic smooth muscle dysfunction syndrome(MSMDS). Method: Clinical data of a case diagnosed as MSMDS and hospitalized in our hospital in July 2016 was retrospectively analyzed. Literature search was performed at databases of PubMed, Wanfang, China National Knowledge Infrastructure and VIP with the key words "multisystemic smooth muscle dysfunction syndrome" "ACTA2" . The literature retrieval was confined from January 1980 to November 2016...
August 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822213/liberia-national-disaster-preparedness-coordination-exercise-implementing-lessons-learned-from-the-west-african-disaster-preparedness-initiative
#6
Melinda J Morton Hamer, Paul L Reed, Jane D Greulich, Charles W Beadling
OBJECTIVE: In light of the recent Ebola outbreak, there is a critical need for effective disaster management systems in Liberia and other West African nations. To this end, the West Africa Disaster Preparedness Initiative held a disaster management exercise in conjunction with the Liberian national government on November 24-25, 2015. DESIGN: During this tabletop exercise (TTX), interactions within and between the 15 counties and the Liberian national government were conducted and observed to refine and validate the county and national standard operating procedures (SOPs)...
January 2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821937/natural-hazard-susceptibility-assessment-for-road-planning-using-spatial-multi-criteria-analysis
#7
Caroline S J Karlsson, Zahra Kalantari, Ulla Mörtberg, Bo Olofsson, Steve W Lyon
Inadequate infrastructural networks can be detrimental to society if transport between locations becomes hindered or delayed, especially due to natural hazards which are difficult to control. Thus determining natural hazard susceptible areas and incorporating them in the initial planning process, may reduce infrastructural damages in the long run. The objective of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of expert judgments for assessing natural hazard susceptibility through a spatial multi-criteria analysis approach using hydrological, geological, and land use factors...
August 18, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821280/methods-for-medical-device-and-equipment-procurement-and-prioritization-within-low-and-middle-income-countries-findings-of-a-systematic-literature-review
#8
Karin Diaconu, Yen-Fu Chen, Carole Cummins, Gabriela Jimenez Moyao, Semira Manaseki-Holland, Richard Lilford
BACKGROUND: Forty to 70 % of medical devices and equipment in low- and middle-income countries are broken, unused or unfit for purpose; this impairs service delivery to patients and results in lost resources. Undiscerning procurement processes are at the heart of this issue. We conducted a systematic review of the literature to August 2013 with no time or language restrictions to identify what product selection or prioritization methods are recommended or used for medical device and equipment procurement planning within low- and middle-income countries...
August 18, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820901/using-local-ecological-knowledge-to-monitor-threatened-mekong-megafauna-in-lao-pdr
#9
Thomas N E Gray, Amphone Phommachak, Kongseng Vannachomchan, Francois Guegan
Pressures on freshwater biodiversity in Southeast Asia are accelerating yet the status and conservation needs of many of the region's threatened fish species are unclear. This impacts the ability to implement conservation activities and to understand the effects of infrastructure developments and other hydrological changes. We used Local Ecological Knowledge from fishing communities on the Mekong River in the Siphandone waterscape, Lao PDR to estimate mean and mode last capture dates of eight rare or culturally significant fish species in order to provide conservation monitoring baselines...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820508/complementary-medicine-and-the-role-of-oncology-nurses-in-an-acute-care-hospital-the-gap-between-attitudes-and-practice
#10
Hanna Admi, Yael Eilon-Moshe, Eran Ben-Arye
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To describe hospital nurses' knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding complementary medicine (CM); to compare the knowledge and attitudes of nurse managers to staff nurses with diverse oncology experience; and to assess attitudes toward integrating CM into the role of the hospital oncology nurse. 
. DESIGN: Descriptive, cross-sectional study.
. SETTING: Rambam Health Care Campus in northern Israel.
. SAMPLE: A convenience sample of 434 hospital nurses with varied oncology experience...
September 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820340/effect-of-support-supervision-on-maternal-and-newborn-health-services-and-practices-in-rural-eastern-uganda
#11
Angela N Kisakye, Rornald Muhumuza Kananura, Elizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho, John Bua, Martha Akulume, Gertrude Namazzi, Suzanne Namusoke Kiwanuka
BACKGROUND: Support supervision is one of the strategies used to check the quality of services provided at health facilities. From 2013 to 2015, Makerere University School of Public Health strengthened support supervision in the district of Kibuku, Kamuli and Pallisa in Eastern Uganda to improve the quality of maternal and newborn services. OBJECTIVE: This article assesses quality improvements in maternal and newborn care services and practices during this period...
August 2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820135/bioinformatic-analyses-of-whole-genome-sequence-data-in-a-public-health-laboratory
#12
Kelly F Oakeson, Jennifer Marie Wagner, Michelle Mendenhall, Andreas Rohrwasser, Robyn Atkinson-Dunn
The ability to generate high-quality sequence data in a public health laboratory enables the identification of pathogenic strains, the determination of relatedness among outbreak strains, and the analysis of genetic information regarding virulence and antimicrobial-resistance genes. However, the analysis of whole-genome sequence data depends on bioinformatic analysis tools and processes. Many public health laboratories do not have the bioinformatic capabilities to analyze the data generated from sequencing and therefore are unable to take full advantage of the power of whole-genome sequencing...
September 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819776/tongxinluo-capsule-for-cardiac-syndrome-x-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Hui-Min Mao, Mi Liu, Hua Qu, Li-Qiong Wang, Da-Zhuo Shi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Tongxinluo Capsule (, TXL) for patients with cardiac syndrome X (CSX). METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) regarding TXL in the treatment of CSX were searched in Chinese Biomedicine Literature Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Scientific Journal Database, Wanfang Database, PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trial, websites of the Chinese and International Clinical Trial Registry platform up to June 30, 2015...
August 17, 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819635/strengthening-care-and-research-for-women-s-cancers-in-sub-saharan-africa
#14
REVIEW
Thomas C Randall, Linus Chuang, ElkanahOmenge Orang'o, Barry Rosen, Francois Uwinkindi, Timothy Rebbeck, Edward L Trimble
•The burden of gynecologic cancers in low resource settings is overwhelming.•Areas with the highest needs have few human resources and limited infrastructure.•Cancer specialists can best help by leveraging ongoing work to assist local leaders.
August 2017: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818079/which-physical-and-social-environmental-factors-are-most-important-for-adolescents-cycling-for-transport-an-experimental-study-using-manipulated-photographs
#15
Hannah Verhoeven, Ariane Ghekiere, Jelle Van Cauwenberg, Delfien Van Dyck, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Peter Clarys, Benedicte Deforche
BACKGROUND: Ecological models emphasize that cycling for transport is determined by an interplay between individual, physical and social environmental factors. The current study investigated (a) which physical and social environmental factors determine adolescents' preferences towards cycling for transport and (b) which individual, physical and social environmental factors are associated with their intention to actually cycle for transport. METHODS: An online questionnaire consisting of questions on individual and social environmental variables, and 15 choice-based conjoint tasks with manipulated photographs was completed by 882 adolescents (55...
August 17, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817797/wrapped-to-adapt-experience-dependent-myelination
#16
REVIEW
Christopher W Mount, Michelle Monje
Activity of the nervous system has long been recognized as a critical modulator of brain structure and function. Influences of experience on the cytoarchitecture and functional connectivity of neurons have been appreciated since the classic work of Hubel and Wiesel (1963; Wiesel and Hubel, 1963a, 1963b). In recent years, a similar structural plasticity has come to light for the myelinated infrastructure of the nervous system. While an innate program of myelin development proceeds independently of nervous system activity, increasing evidence supports a role for activity-dependent, plastic changes in myelin-forming cells that influence myelin structure and neurological function...
August 16, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817733/changing-patterns-of-cataract-services-in-north-west-nigeria-2005-2016
#17
Nasiru Muhammad, Mohammed Dantani Adamu, Mpyet Caleb, Nuhu Mohammed Maishanu, Aliyu Mohammed Jabo, Muhammad Mansur Rabiu, Covadonga Bascaran, Sunday Isiyaku, Allen Foster
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to assess the impact of the eye care programme on cataract blindness and cataract surgical services in Sokoto, Nigeria over a 12 year period 2005-2016. METHODS: Data from the 2005 population based cross-sectional study of blindness in Sokoto state was re-analysed to obtain baseline estimates of the prevalence of cataract blindness and cataract surgical coverage for persons 50 years and over in Wurno health zone. A population based survey of a representative sample of persons 50 years and over in Wurno health zone was conducted in July 2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817513/from-start-up-to-sustainability-a-decade-of-collaboration-to-shape-the-future-of-nursing
#18
Paula Gubrud, Angela G Spencer, Linda Wagner
AIM: This article describes progress the Oregon Consortium for Nursing Education has made toward addressing the academic progression goals provided by the 2011 Institute of Medicine's Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health report. BACKGROUND: The history of the consortium's development is described, emphasizing the creation of an efficient and sustainable organization infrastructure that supports a shared curriculum provided through a community college/university partnership...
September 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817340/the-half-life-of-serum-thymidine-kinase-1-concentration-is-an-important-tool-for-monitoring-surgical-response-in-patients-with-lung-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#19
Xudan Lou, Ji Zhou, Hongbo Ma, Shuai Xu, Ellen He, Sven Skog, Haidong Wang
AIMS: In this meta-analysis, we evaluated the usefulness of serum thymidine kinase 1 concentration (STK1c) for monitoring the outcome of extensive open surgery in patients with lung cancer. We also compared STK1c between a healthy population and patients with benign and malignant lung tumors to assess its potential value for early detection of lung cancer and for distinguishing between benign lung disease and malignant cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Related studies were retrieved from publications in PubMed, Cochrane, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang databases, and Internet searches...
August 2017: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817330/readiness-to-vaccinate-critical-personnel-during-an-influenza-pandemic-united-states-2015
#20
Danielle L Moulia, Stephanie A Dopson, Sara J Vagi, Thomas J Fitzgerald, Amy Parker Fiebelkorn, Samuel B Graitcer
OBJECTIVES: To assess the readiness to vaccinate critical infrastructure personnel (CIP) involved in managing public works, emergency services, transportation, or any other system or asset that would have an immediate debilitating impact on the community if not maintained. METHODS: We analyzed self-reported planning to vaccinate CIP during an influenza pandemic with data from 2 surveys: (1) the Program Annual Progress Assessment of immunization programs and (2) the Pandemic Influenza Readiness Assessment of public health emergency preparedness programs...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
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