keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Infrastructure

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231549/assessing-allergenicity-in-urban-parks-a-nature-based-solution-to-reduce-the-impact-on-public-health
#1
Paloma Cariñanos, Manuel Casares-Porcel, Consuelo Díaz de la Guardia, María Jesús Aira, Jordina Belmonte, Marzia Boi, Belén Elvira-Rendueles, Concepción De Linares, Santiago Fernández-Rodriguez, José María Maya-Manzano, Rosa Pérez-Badía, David Rodriguez-de la Cruz, Francisco Javier Rodríguez-Rajo, Jesús Rojo-Úbeda, Carlos Romero-Zarco, Estefanía Sánchez-Reyes, José Sánchez-Sánchez, Rafael Tormo-Molina, Ana Mª Vega Maray
Urban parks play a key role in the provision of ecosystem services, actively participating in improving the quality of life and welfare of local residents. This paper reports on the application of an index designed to quantify the allergenicity of urban parks in a number of Spanish cities. The index, which records biological and biometric parameters for the tree species growing there, classifies parks in terms of the risk they pose for allergy sufferers, graded as null, low, moderate or high. In this initial phase, the index was applied to 26 green areas in 24 Spanish cities; green areas varied in type (urban park, historical or modern garden, boulevard, square or urban forest), size 1-100 ha), geographical location, species richness, number of trees and tree density (number of trees / ha...
February 20, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231440/effects-of-acupressure-on-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analyses-and-trial-sequential-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#2
REVIEW
Jing Miao, Xinyou Liu, Chaojun Wu, Hui Kong, Weiping Xie, Kouying Liu
BACKGROUND: Acupressure has been used as an effective way in treating with stomach upset. However the efficacy of acupressure in preventing chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of acupressure on three categories of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. DATA SOURCES: Databases had been retrieved from inception through February 2016 for the randomized controlled trials in accordance with the inclusion criteria, including PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Web of Science, EMBASE, Science Direct, CINAHL, China Biology Medicine, Chinese National Knowledge infrastructure, Wan Fang and Database for Chinese Technical Periodicals...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230267/the-economic-impact-of-space-weather-where-do-we-stand
#3
J P Eastwood, E Biffis, M A Hapgood, L Green, M M Bisi, R D Bentley, R Wicks, L-A McKinnell, M Gibbs, C Burnett
Space weather describes the way in which the Sun, and conditions in space more generally, impact human activity and technology both in space and on the ground. It is now well understood that space weather represents a significant threat to infrastructure resilience, and is a source of risk that is wide-ranging in its impact and the pathways by which this impact may occur. Although space weather is growing rapidly as a field, work rigorously assessing the overall economic cost of space weather appears to be in its infancy...
February 23, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230035/a-meta-analysis-of-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-for-small-hepatocellular-carcinoma-diagnosis
#4
Huadong Deng, Hongwei Shi, Jianming Lei, Yan Hu, Gang Li, Chaojun Wang
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the efficacy of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) for diagnosis of small hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) by pooling the open published data. METHODS: A comprehensive publication electronic search was performed by reviewers in the databases of PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure. The open published studies about CEUS for small HCC diagnosis were collected. The sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio (+LR), negative likelihood ratio (-LR), and diagnostic odds ratio (DOR) were pooled by stata 12...
December 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229950/development-of-a-model-to-simulate-groundwater-inundation-induced-by-sea-level-rise-and-high-tides-in-honolulu-hawaii
#5
Shellie Habel, Charles H Fletcher, Kolja Rotzoll, Aly I El-Kadi
Many of the world's largest cities face risk of sea-level rise (SLR) induced flooding owing to their limited elevations and proximities to the coastline. Within this century, global mean sea level is expected to reach magnitudes that will exceed the ground elevation of some built infrastructure. The concurrent rise of coastal groundwater will produce additional sources of inundation resulting from narrowing and loss of the vertical unsaturated subsurface space. This has implications for the dense network of buried and low-lying infrastructure that exists across urban coastal zones...
February 20, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229924/outcomes-in-adults-and-children-with-end-stage-kidney-disease-requiring-dialysis-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review
#6
Gloria Ashuntantang, Charlotte Osafo, Wasiu A Olowu, Fatiu Arogundade, Abdou Niang, John Porter, Saraladevi Naicker, Valerie A Luyckx
BACKGROUND: The burden of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) in sub-Saharan Africa is unknown but is probably high. Access to dialysis for ESKD is limited by insufficient infrastructure and catastrophic out-of-pocket costs. Most patients remain undiagnosed, untreated, and die. We did a systematic literature review to assess outcomes of patients who reach dialysis and the quality of dialysis received. METHODS: We searched PubMed, African Journals Online, WHO Global Health Library, and Web of Science for articles in English or French from sub-Saharan Africa reporting dialysis outcomes in patients with ESKD published between Jan 1, 1990, and Dec 22, 2015...
February 17, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229306/behavioral-and-social-sciences-at-the-national-institutes-of-health-adoption-of-research-findings-in-health-research-and-practice-as-a-scientific-priority
#7
William T Riley
The National Institutes of Health's Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research (OBSSR) recently released its Strategic Plan for 2017 to 2021. This plan highlights three scientific priorities: (1) improve the synergy of basic and applied behavioral and social sciences research, (2) enhance and promote the research infrastructure, methods, and measures needed to support a more cumulative and integrated approach to behavioral and social sciences research, and (3) facilitate the adoption of behavioral and social sciences research findings in health research and in practice...
February 22, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228314/pre-hospital-acute-coronary-syndrome-care-in-kerala-india-a-qualitative-analysis
#8
Amisha Patel, P P Mohanan, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Mark D Huffman
OBJECTIVE: Ischemic heart disease is the leading cause of death in India. Many of these deaths are due to acute coronary syndromes (ACS), which require prompt symptom recognition, care-seeking behavior, and transport to a treatment facility in the critical pre-hospital period. In India, little is known about pre-hospital management of individuals with ACS. We aim to understand the facilitators, barriers, and context of optimal pre-hospital ACS care to provide opportunities to reduce pre-hospital delays and improve acute cardiovascular care...
January 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227726/mobile-teleradiology-system-suitable-for-m-health-services-supporting-content-and-semantic-based-image-retrieval-on-a-grid-infrastructure
#9
Alexandra La Cruz, Ruben Medina, Francisco Vega, Wilson Perez, Blanca Ochoa, Victor Saquicela, Mauricio Espinoza, Lizandro Solano-Quinde, Maria-Esther Vidal, Alexandra La Cruz, Ruben Medina, Francisco Vega, Wilson Perez, Blanca Ochoa, Victor Saquicela, Mauricio Espinoza, Lizandro Solano-Quinde, Maria-Esther Vidal, Victor Saquicela, Francisco Vega, Mauricio Espinoza, Lizandro Solano-Quinde, Blanca Ochoa, Maria-Esther Vidal, Alexandra La Cruz, Ruben Medina, Wilson Perez
Teleradiology systems tackle the problem of transferring radiological images between medical image workstations for facilitating different medical activities, e.g., diagnosis, treatment and follow up a patient, medical training, or consulting second opinion. Nowadays, m-Health (aka mobile health) is becoming popular because of high quality of mobile displays, although remains a work in progress. In this paper a mobile teleradiology system is reported, which main contribution is the development of a platform: (1) supported by a Grid infrastructure, (2) using biomedical ontologies for adding semantic annotations on medical images, and (3) supporting semantic and content-based image retrieval...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227725/gistelemed-an-online-based-gis-approach-to-epidemiological-analysis-in-telemedicine-systems
#10
Andrei de Souza Inacio, Alexandre Savaris, Joao Marcus Alves, Aldo von Wangenheim, Andrei de Souza Inacio, Alexandre Savaris, Joao Marcus Alves, Aldo von Wangenheim, Andrei De Souza Inacio, Joao Marcus Alves, Aldo Von Wangenheim, Alexandre Savaris
Large-scale telemedicine systems provide extensive amounts of data that can be used to gather epidemiological information. Epidemiologists have been using GIS systems for the easy and quick visualization of data and to perform georeferenced epidemiological analysis. This paper presents GISTelemed, a georeferenced epidemiological analysis tool developed as part of the Santa Catarina State Integrated Telemedicine and Telehealth System (STT/SC), a statewide telemedicine infrastructure in Brazil. The GISTelemed module offers an architecture supporting real-time recovery, information visualization and epidemiological analysis from structured and semi-structured data...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227719/a-telepresence-wheelchair-using-cellular-network-infrastructure-in-outdoor-environments
#11
Van Kha Ly Ha, Tuan Nghia Nguyen, Hung T Nguyen, Van Kha Ly Ha, Tuan Nghia Nguyen, Hung T Nguyen, Van Kha Ly Ha, Tuan Nghia Nguyen, Hung T Nguyen
Mobile wireless network technology has grown rapidly over the past decade with emerging applications and services. Particularly, the fourth generation (4G) cellular network has acted as a bridge between telecommunication technology and daily life applications. In this paper, we present an investigation into a telepresence wheelchair in outdoor environments employing cellular network infrastructure instead of using local wireless networks in indoor environments. Experiments were carried out to demonstrate remote interaction and control from a long distance and across countries...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227036/using-i2b2-to-bootstrap-rural-health-analytics-and-learning-networks
#12
Daniel R Harris, Adam D Baus, Tamela J Harper, Traci D Jarrett, Cecil R Pollard, Jeffery C Talbert, Daniel R Harris, Adam D Baus, Tamela J Harper, Traci D Jarrett, Cecil R Pollard, Jeffery C Talbert, Jeffery C Talbert, Daniel R Harris, Traci D Jarrett, Tamela J Harper, Adam D Baus, Cecil R Pollard
We demonstrate that the open-source i2b2 (Informatics for Integrating Biology and the Bedside) data model can be used to bootstrap rural health analytics and learning networks. These networks promote communication and research initiatives by providing the infrastructure necessary for sharing data and insights across a group of healthcare and research partners. Data integration remains a crucial challenge in connecting rural healthcare sites with a common data sharing and learning network due to the lack of interoperability and standards within electronic health records...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226760/a-new-approach-of-oral-cancer-detection-using-bilateral-texture-features-in-digital-infrared-thermal-images
#13
M Chakraborty, S Mukhopadhyay, A Dasgupta, S Patsa, N Anjum, J G Ray, M Chakraborty, S Mukhopadhyay, A Dasgupta, S Patsa, N Anjum, J G Ray, S Patsa, A Dasgupta, N Anjum, M Chakraborty, S Mukhopadhyay, J G Ray
Oral cancer is one of the most prevalent form of cancer and its severity is aggrandized specially among the socio-economically backward population in developing countries. A major fraction of patient population is unable to avail diagnosis for oral cancer due to scarcity of state-of-the-art infrastructure and experienced oral and maxillofacial pathologist. Contemporary gold standard of oral cancer confirmation relies on biopsy report. But biopsy is invasive and thus patients are usually reluctant to undergo this test...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226051/discourses-on-short-coursetherapy-for-tuberculosis-control
#14
Fernando Mitano, Amélia Nunes Sicsú, Mônica Cristina Ribeiro Alexandre D Auria de Lima, Rarianne Carvalho Peruhype, Simone Terezinha Protti, Pedro Fredemir Palha
Objective: to analyze the meanings produced through the experiences and perceptions of healthcare professionals on the implementation of the strategy of directly observed treatment short course for tuberculosis control. Method: qualitative study carried out in Mozambique with 15 healthcare professionals. Inclusion criteriawerehaving acted in the Tuberculosis Control Program for more than one year, and exercising professional activity at the time of interview. A semi-structured script was used for data collection, and individual interviews were recorded...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225546/making-travel-to-cuba-work-for-health-and-sustainable-development
#15
Conner Gorry
In 2015, a record-breaking 3.5 million visitors-1 million from Canada alone-traveled to Cuba to explore its history, culture, natural splendor, and visit family. That same year, US President Barack Obama relaxed travel restrictions, giving general authorization for a dozen categories of legal travel by US citizens and residents. As a result, US visitors to the island ballooned by 80% between January 2015 and June 2016. And the numbers keep growing: the latest data show that foreign arrivals reached 4 million in 2016...
January 2017: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225541/perceived-barriers-to-adherence-to-tuberculosis-infection-control-measures-among-health-care-workers-in-the-dominican-republic
#16
Helena J Chapman, Bienvenido A Veras-Estévez, Jamie L Pomeranz, Eddy N Pérez-Then, Belkys Marcelino, Michael Lauzardo
INTRODUCTION Health care workers have an increased risk of infection due to occupational Mycobacterium tuberculosis exposure, including multidrug-resistant strains. Health care workers' risk of developing tuberculosis is greater than that of the general population, whether in low-, intermediate- or high-incidence countries. Adherence to infection control measures (administrative controls, environmental controls, and personal respiratory protection) is essential to reduce risk of disease transmission between suspected tuberculosis patients and health care workers, but for different reasons, both objective and subjective, adherence is low...
January 2017: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225443/bringing-big-data-to-the-forefront-of-healthcare-delivery-the-experience-of-carolinas-healthcare-system
#17
Michael F Dulin, Carol A Lovin, Jean A Wright
The use of big data to transform care delivery is rapidly becoming a reality. To deliver on the promise of value-based care, providers must know the key drivers of wellness at the patient and community levels, as well as understand resource constraints and opportunities to improve efficiency in the health-care system itself. Data are the linchpin. By gathering the right data and finding innovative ways to glean knowledge, we can improve clinical care, advance the health of our communities, improve the lives of our patients, and operate more efficiently...
January 2017: Frontiers of Health Services Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225343/infection-control-and-tuberculosis-in-health-care-workers-an-assessment-of-28-hospitals-in-south-africa
#18
L M O'Hara, A Yassi, E A Bryce, A Janse van Rensburg, M C Engelbrecht, M Zungu, L E Nophale, J M FitzGerald
SETTING: Twenty-eight public hospitals in the Free State Province, South Africa. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between tuberculosis (TB) infection control (IC) scores in Free State hospitals and the incidence of TB disease among health care workers (HCWs) in 2012. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey and mixed-methods analysis of TB IC policies, practices and infrastructure using a comprehensive, 83-item IC audit and observation tool. RESULTS: As the total IC score increased, the probability of TB in an HCW at that hospital decreased...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224398/development-of-imaging-biomarkers-and-generation-of-big-data
#19
Ángel Alberich-Bayarri, Rafael Hernández-Navarro, Enrique Ruiz-Martínez, Fabio García-Castro, David García-Juan, Luis Martí-Bonmatí
Several image processing algorithms have emerged to cover unmet clinical needs but their application to radiological routine with a clear clinical impact is still not straightforward. Moving from local to big infrastructures, such as Medical Imaging Biobanks (millions of studies), or even more, Federations of Medical Imaging Biobanks (in some cases totaling to hundreds of millions of studies) require the integration of automated pipelines for fast analysis of pooled data to extract clinically relevant conclusions, not uniquely linked to medical imaging, but in combination to other information such as genetic profiling...
February 21, 2017: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224352/hcv-management-in-resource-constrained-countries
#20
REVIEW
Seng Gee Lim
With the arrival of all-oral directly acting antiviral (DAA) therapy with high cure rates, the promise of hepatitis C virus (HCV) eradication is within closer reach. The availability of generic DAAs has improved access to countries with constrained resources. However, therapy is only one component of the HCV care continuum, which is the framework for HCV management from identifying patients to cure. The large number of undiagnosed HCV cases is the biggest concern, and strategies to address this are needed, as risk factor screening is suboptimal, detecting <20% of known cases...
February 21, 2017: Hepatology International
keyword
keyword
108176
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"