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apathy scale

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876020/the-brief-negative-symptom-scale-validation-of-the-german-translation-and-convergent-validity-with-self-rated-anhedonia-and-observer-rated-apathy
#1
Martin Bischof, Caitriona Obermann, Matthias N Hartmann, Oliver M Hager, Matthias Kirschner, Agne Kluge, Gregory P Strauss, Stefan Kaiser
BACKGROUND: Negative symptoms are considered core symptoms of schizophrenia. The Brief Negative Symptom Scale (BNSS) was developed to measure this symptomatic dimension according to a current consensus definition. The present study examined the psychometric properties of the German version of the BNSS. To expand former findings on convergent validity, we employed the Temporal Experience Pleasure Scale (TEPS), a hedonic self-report that distinguishes between consummatory and anticipatory pleasure...
November 22, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865517/effects-of-melatonin-in-the-treatment-of-asthenia-in-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#2
V Gilard, F-X Ferracci, O Langlois, S Derrey, F Proust, S Curey
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Survivors of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) commonly experience sleep disorders resulting in asthenia. The objective of this prospective study was to determine, in a cohort of patients with treated ruptured intracranial aneurysm (IA), the proportion of asthenia at 2months, in a cohort of patients treated with melatonin and in a control cohort. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty consecutive patients admitted for the treatment of ruptured IA and able to answer a standardized questionnaire were included in the study...
December 2016: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844173/assessment-of-apathy-independent-of-physical-disability-validation-of-the-dimensional-apathy-scale-in-italian-healthy-sample
#3
Gabriella Santangelo, Simona Raimo, Mattia Siciliano, Alfonsina D'Iorio, Fausta Piscopo, Sofia Cuoco, Marianna Bottone, Francesca Trojsi, Dario Grossi, Luigi Trojano
Apathy is well described in neurodegenerative diseases characterized by motor disability; therefore, assessment of apathy avoiding possible confounding effects of motor impairments is necessary in neurological diseases. Recently, the Dimensional Apathy Scale (DAS) was developed to assess apathy as multifaceted construct, independent of physical disability. We developed the Italian version of the Dimensional Apathy Scale (I-DAS) and explored its psychometric properties in a sample of 309 healthy individuals...
November 14, 2016: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798669/prefrontal-activity-and-connectivity-with-the-basal-ganglia-during-performance-of-complex-cognitive-tasks-is-associated-with-apathy-in-healthy-subjects
#4
Leonardo Fazio, Giancarlo Logroscino, Paolo Taurisano, Graziella Amico, Tiziana Quarto, Linda Antonella Antonucci, Maria Rosaria Barulli, Marina Mancini, Barbara Gelao, Laura Ferranti, Teresa Popolizio, Alessandro Bertolino, Giuseppe Blasi
OBJECTIVE: Convergent evidence indicates that apathy affects cognitive behavior in different neurological and psychiatric conditions. Studies of clinical populations have also suggested the primary involvement of the prefrontal cortex and the basal ganglia in apathy. These brain regions are interconnected at both the structural and functional levels and are deeply involved in cognitive processes, such as working memory and attention. However, it is unclear how apathy modulates brain processing during cognition and whether such a modulation occurs in healthy young subjects...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721206/the-cortical-thickness-correlates-of-clinical-manifestations-in-the-mid-stage-sporadic-parkinson-s-disease
#5
Xia Deng, Chun-Yan Tang, Jie Zhang, Lei Zhu, Zun-Chun Xie, Hong-Han Gong, Xiang-Zuo Xiao, Ren-Shi Xu
The cortical thickness has gained an extensive attention as a pathological alteration of sporadic Parkinson's disease (sPD), the alteration of pathological cortical thickness may distinctly contribute to the consistent clinical manifestations. Therefore, we investigated the cortical thickness correlates of clinical manifestations in the mid-stage sPD from the Han population of Chinese mainland (HPCM). A sample of 67 mid-stage sPD patients and 35 matched controls from HPCM were performed a corticometry of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and the assessment of clinical manifestations including the demographic and disease-related characteristics, and underwent the final analysis of the cortical thickness correlates with the clinical manifestations...
October 28, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696678/effects-of-a-progressive-muscle-relaxation-intervention-on-dementia-symptoms-activities-of-daily-living-and-immune-function-in-group-home-residents-with-dementia-in-japan
#6
Shiho Ikemata, Yumiko Momose
AIM: To evaluate the effects of progressive muscle relaxation on the behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia, activities of daily living, and immune function of elderly patients with dementia in group homes. METHODS: The participants were ranked by their group home unit. Odd ranks were assigned to the intervention group and even ranks to the control group. The intervention group participated in progressive muscle relaxation for 15 min each day for 90 days in the group environment; the control group members continued with their normal routine...
October 3, 2016: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678552/urine-ethanol-concentration-and-alcohol-hangover-severity
#7
Aurora Van de Loo, Marlou Mackus, Gerdien Korte-Bouws, Karel Brookhuis, Johan Garssen, Joris Verster
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between urine ethanol concentration and alcohol hangover severity. METHODS: N = 36 healthy social drinkers participated in a naturalistic study, comprising a hangover day and a control day. N = 18 of them have regular hangovers (the hangover group), while the other N = 18 claim to be hangover immune (hangover-immune group). On each test day at 9.30 am, urine samples were collected. Participants rated their overall hangover severity on a scale from 0 (absent) to 10 (extreme), as well as 18 individual hangover symptoms...
September 28, 2016: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670392/fatigue-in-early-parkinson-s-disease-the-norwegian-parkwest-study
#8
S O Ongre, J P Larsen, O B Tysnes, K Herlofson
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Fatigue is a common and disabling non-motor symptom in Parkinson's disease (PD). The pathogenesis is unknown, and the treatment options are limited. The aim of the present study was to investigate the development of fatigue during the first year after diagnosis. METHODS: The study design was a prospective, controlled population-based longitudinal cohort study, comprising 181 de novo, drug-naïve patients with PD and 162 control participants...
September 26, 2016: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663851/changes-in-mental-state-and-behaviour-in-huntington-s-disease
#9
REVIEW
Clare M Eddy, Ellice G Parkinson, Hugh E Rickards
Changes in mental state and behaviour have been acknowledged in Huntington's disease since the original monograph in 1872 provided evidence of disinhibition and impaired social cognition. Behavioural problems can manifest before obvious motor symptoms and are frequently the most disabling part of the illness. Although pharmacological treatments are used routinely for psychiatric difficulties in Huntington's disease, the scientific evidence base for their use is somewhat sparse. Moreover, effective treatments for apathy and cognitive decline do not currently exist...
November 2016: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659190/influence-of-small-vessel-disease-and-microstructural-integrity-on-neurocognitive-functioning-in-older-individuals-the-dante-study-leiden
#10
J E F Moonen, J C Foster-Dingley, A A van den Berg-Huijsmans, W de Ruijter, A J M de Craen, J van der Grond, R C van der Mast
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Small vessel disease is a major cause of neurocognitive dysfunction in the elderly. Small vessel disease may manifest as white matter hyperintensities, lacunar infarcts, cerebral microbleeds, and atrophy, all of which are visible on conventional MR imaging or as microstructural changes determined by diffusion tensor imaging. This study investigated whether microstructural integrity is associated with neurocognitive dysfunction in older individuals, irrespective of the conventional features of small vessel disease...
September 22, 2016: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623026/caregiver-s-distress-related-to-the-patient-s-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-as-a-function-of-the-care-setting
#11
Laura Lorenzo-López, Carmen de Labra, Ana Maseda, Trinidad Lorenzo, Helena Agrafojo, José Luis Rodríguez-Villamil, Isabel González-Abraldes, José C Millán-Calenti
Prevalence of neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) and correlation between its intensity and caregiver distress were evaluated as a function of the care-setting in a cross-sectional study including 72 patient-caregiver dyads. The Neuropsychiatric Inventory and the Caregiver Distress Scale were administered. The most prevalent symptoms were: in the formal care-setting, agitation/aggression and depression/dysphoria (42.4%), and in the informal care-setting, aberrant motor behavior (59.0%). While changes in appetite and eating behaviors, depression/dysphoria and irritability/lability were more prevalent in the formal care-setting (p < ...
September 9, 2016: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617414/identifying-a-system-of-predominant-negative-symptoms-network-analysis-of-three-randomized-clinical-trials
#12
Stephen Z Levine, Stefan Leucht
BACKGROUND: Reasons for the recent mixed success of research into negative symptoms may be informed by conceptualizing negative symptoms as a system that is identifiable from network analysis. We aimed to identify: (I) negative symptom systems; (I) central negative symptoms within each system; and (III) differences between the systems, based on network analysis of negative symptoms for baseline, endpoint and change. METHODS: Patients with chronic schizophrenia and predominant negative symptoms participated in three clinical trials that compared placebo and amisulpride to 60days (n=487)...
September 9, 2016: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606313/neural-correlates-of-schizophrenia-negative-symptoms-distinct-subtypes-impact-dissociable-brain-circuits
#13
Joseph J Shaffer, Michael J Peterson, Mary Agnes McMahon, Joshua Bizzell, Vince Calhoun, Theo G M van Erp, Judith M Ford, John Lauriello, Kelvin O Lim, Dara S Manoach, Sarah C McEwen, Daniel H Mathalon, Daniel O'Leary, Steven G Potkin, Adrian Preda, Jessica Turner, Jim Voyvodic, Cynthia G Wible, Aysenil Belger
BACKGROUND: The negative symptoms of schizophrenia include deficits in emotional expression and motivation. These deficits are stable over the course of illness and respond poorly to current medications. Previous studies have focused on negative symptoms as a single category; however, individual symptoms might be related to separate neurological disturbances. We analyzed data from the Functional Biomedical Informatics Research Network dataset to explore the relationship between individual negative symptoms and functional brain activity during an auditory oddball task...
December 2015: Molecular Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578455/comprehensive-effects-of-galantamine-and-cilostazol-combination-therapy-on-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-with-asymptomatic-lacunar-infarction
#14
Nozomi Hishikawa, Yusuke Fukui, Kota Sato, Yasuyuki Ohta, Toru Yamashita, Koji Abe
AIM: The coexistence of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and cerebrovascular disease pathology increases age-dependently. We comprehensively analyzed the clinical effects of galantamine or cilostazol monotherapy to the add-on combination therapy on three major factors of dementia, such as cognitive, affective and activities of daily living functions in AD patients with asymptomatic lacunar infarction. METHODS: We divided 101 AD patients with asymptomatic lacunar infarction into two subgroups: group A (n = 61, first treated with galantamine and then cilostazol added) and group B (n = 40, first treated with cilostazol and galantamine added)...
August 31, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573215/non-motor-symptoms-in-portuguese-parkinson-s-disease-patients-correlation-and-impact-on-quality-of-life-and-activities-of-daily-living
#15
Paulo Bugalho, Tânia Lampreia, Rita Miguel, Marcelo D Mendonça, André Caetano, Raquel Barbosa
The prevalence of non-motor symptoms (NMS) in Parkinson's Disease (PD) has varied between studies. Their interrelation isn't totally understood. Also, the relative importance of each symptom, regarding its impact on activities of daily living (ADL) and health related quality of life (HRQL), remains debatable. We assessed all PD patients attending a Portuguese tertiary movement disorders center during one year (n = 134), with ADL, HRQL and other clinical scales approved for identifying the most relevant NMS in PD...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568039/cognitive-dysfunctions-and-psychological-symptoms-in-migraine-without-aura-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Gabriella Santangelo, Antonio Russo, Luigi Trojano, Fabrizia Falco, Laura Marcuccio, Mattia Siciliano, Francesca Conte, Federica Garramone, Alessandro Tessitore, Gioacchino Tedeschi
BACKGROUND: The occurrence of cognitive dysfunctions and psychological symptoms, as well as their mutual relationships, in migraine patients are still debated. The aim of the study was to characterize the cognitive profile and psychological symptoms (i.e. depression, anxiety and apathy) in drug-naïve migraine without aura (MwoA) patients. METHODS: Seventy-two consecutive MwoA patients, referred to the Italian University Headache Clinic and 72 healthy subjects (HCs) were enrolled...
December 2016: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567824/the-savvy-caregiver-program-a-probe-multicenter-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial-in-caregivers-of-patients-affected-by%C3%A2-alzheimer-s-disease
#17
Micaela Sepe-Monti, Nicola Vanacore, Luisa Bartorelli, Alessandra Tognetti, Franco Giubilei
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a major cause of disability in the elderly, leading to a considerable burden on caregivers and high costs to society. Psycho-education programs such as the Savvy Caregiver Program (SCP) are reported to be a successful means of reducing caregivers' distress through various intervention strategies. The aim of the present study was to assess the efficacy of the SCP in reducing the burden and psychological symptoms in caregivers of AD patients and to analyze the coping strategies adopted by the caregivers...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27538418/the-prominent-role-of-serotonergic-degeneration-in-apathy-anxiety-and-depression-in-de-novo-parkinson-s-disease
#18
Audrey Maillet, Paul Krack, Eugénie Lhommée, Elise Météreau, Hélène Klinger, Emilie Favre, Didier Le Bars, Emmanuelle Schmitt, Amélie Bichon, Pierre Pelissier, Valérie Fraix, Anna Castrioto, Véronique Sgambato-Faure, Emmanuel Broussolle, Léon Tremblay, Stéphane Thobois
SEE SCHRAG AND POLITIS DOI101093/AWW190 FOR A SCIENTIFIC COMMENTARY ON THIS ARTICLE: Apathy, which can occur separately or in combination with depression and anxiety, is one of the most frequently encountered neuropsychiatric symptoms in Parkinson's disease. Pathophysiological evidence suggests that parkinsonian apathy is primarily due to a mesolimbic dopaminergic denervation, but the role of the serotonergic alteration has never been examined, despite its well-known involvement in the pathogenesis of depression and anxiety...
September 2016: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27524403/staff-distress-improves-by-treating-pain-in-nursing-home-patients-with-dementia-results-from-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Irene Aasmul, Bettina Sandgathe Husebo, Elisabeth Flo
CONTEXT: Most people with dementia develop neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS), which are distressing for their carers. Untreated pain may increase the prevalence and severity of NPS and thereby staff burden. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the association between NPS and the impact of individual pain treatment on distress in nursing home staff. METHODS: NH-units were cluster-randomized to an intervention group (33 NH units; n=175) or control group (27 NH units; n=177)...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27472000/-german-translation-and-validation-of-the-scale-for-evaluation-of-neuropsychiatric-disorders-in-parkinson-s-disease-send-pd
#20
A Meyer, A Hadinia, F Hatz, P Martínez-Martín, P Fuhr, R D Stieglitz, U Gschwandtner
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to validate and provide a German version of the Scale for Evaluation of Neuropsychiatric Disorders in Parkinson's disease (SEND-PD) of Martínez-Martín et al. (2012). METHOD: The German version of the SEND-PD was evaluated in a sample consisting of 96 patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) (mean age: 65.3 years ± 9.6, 29 female). This scale includes 12 items, representing the domains psychotic symptoms, mood/apathy and impulse control disorders...
July 2016: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
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