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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758956/prediction-of-human-gait-trajectories-during-the-ssp-using-a-neuromusculoskeletal-modeling-a-challenge-for-parametric-optimization
#1
Mohammadali Rahmati Seyed, Rostami Mostafa, Beigzadeh Borhan
The parametric optimization techniques have been widely employed to predict human gait trajectories; however, their applications to reveal the other aspects of gait are questionable. The aim of this study is to investigate whether or not the gait prediction model is able to justify the movement trajectories for the higher average velocities. A planar, seven-segment model with sixteen muscle groups was used to represent human neuro-musculoskeletal dynamics. At first, the joint angles, ground reaction forces (GRFs) and muscle activations were predicted and validated for normal average velocity (1...
April 27, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697831/physical-therapists-forward-deployed-on-aircraft-carriers-a-retrospective-look-at-a-decade-of-service
#2
Michael D Rosenthal, Gregg W Ziemke, Matthew L Bush, Joshua Halfpap
Introduction: Navy physical therapists (PTs) have been a part of ship's company aboard Aircraft Carriers since 2002 due to musculoskeletal injuries being the number one cause of lost duty time and disability. This article describes a decade of physical therapy services provided aboard aircraft carriers. Materials and Methods: A retrospective survey was conducted to evaluate the types of services provided, volume of workload, value of services provided, and impact of PTs on operational readiness for personnel aboard Naval aircraft carriers...
April 25, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671152/predictive-simulations-of-neuromuscular-coordination-and-joint-contact-loading-in-human-gait
#3
Yi-Chung Lin, Jonathan P Walter, Marcus G Pandy
We implemented direct collocation on a full-body neuromusculoskeletal model to calculate muscle forces, ground reaction forces and knee contact loading simultaneously for one cycle of human gait. A data-tracking collocation problem was solved for walking at the normal speed to establish the practicality of incorporating a 3D model of articular contact and a model of foot-ground interaction explicitly in a dynamic optimization simulation. The data-tracking solution then was used as an initial guess to solve predictive collocation problems, where novel patterns of movement were generated for walking at slow and fast speeds, independent of experimental data...
April 18, 2018: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615556/ethanol-exposure-causes-muscle-degeneration-in-zebrafish
#4
Elizabeth C Coffey, Maggie E Pasquarella, Michelle F Goody, Clarissa A Henry
Alcoholic myopathies are characterized by neuromusculoskeletal symptoms such as compromised movement and weakness. Although these symptoms have been attributed to neurological damage, EtOH may also target skeletal muscle. EtOH exposure during zebrafish primary muscle development or adulthood results in smaller muscle fibers. However, the effects of EtOH exposure on skeletal muscle during the growth period that follows primary muscle development are not well understood. We determined the effects of EtOH exposure on muscle during this phase of development...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569944/shoulder-taping-and-neuromuscular-control
#5
Suzanne J Snodgrass, Scott F Farrell, Henry Tsao, Peter G Osmotherly, Darren A Rivett, Lucy S Chipchase, Siobhan M Schabrun
CONTEXT:   Scapular taping can offer clinical benefit to some patients with shoulder pain; however, the underlying mechanisms are unclear. Understanding these mechanisms may guide the development of treatment strategies for managing neuromusculoskeletal shoulder conditions. OBJECTIVE:   To examine the mechanisms underpinning the benefits of scapular taping. DESIGN:   Descriptive laboratory study. SETTING:   University laboratory...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508522/medication-recommendation-by-physiotherapists-a-survey-of-qu%C3%A3-bec-physiotherapists-opinions-regarding-a-new-interprofessional-model-of-care-with-pharmacists
#6
E Matifat, K Perreault, M Gagné, M Léveillé, F Desmeules
BACKGROUND: To improve the efficiency of the health care system, new interprofessional models of care are emerging. In 2015, two provincial professional colleges, regulating the practice of physiotherapists and that of pharmacists in the province of Québec, Canada, developed a new interprofessional model of care. This model is designed to guide non-prescription medication recommendations by physiotherapists treating patients in primary care with neuromusculoskeletal disorders (NMSKD) with the collaboration of pharmacists...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502520/mental-health-among-iranian-combat-veterans-with-ankle-foot-neuromusculoskeletal-injuries
#7
Arsia Taghva, Mostafa Allami, Kamyab Alizadeh, Anahita Zandi, Elahe Faraji, Zohreh Ganjparvar
BACKGROUND: Veterans with purely physical disorders, such as ankle-foot neuromusculoskeletal disorders, are often neglected in psychological assessments because mental health evaluations are usually focused on those with a psychological disturbance or with a high percentage of injury. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the psychological condition of veterans with ankle-foot neuromusculoskeletal disorders. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed between 2014 and 2016 on veterans with war-related ankle-foot injuries living in two provinces of Iran...
September 26, 2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435567/benefits-and-harms-of-cranial-electrical-stimulation-for-chronic-painful-conditions-depression-anxiety-and-insomnia-a-systematic-review
#8
Paul G Shekelle, Ian A Cook, Isomi M Miake-Lye, Marika Suttorp Booth, Jessica M Beroes, Selene Mak
Background: Cranial electrical stimulation (CES) is increasingly popular as a treatment, yet its clinical benefit is unclear. Purpose: To review evidence about the benefits and harms of CES for adult patients with chronic painful conditions, depression, anxiety, and insomnia. Data Sources: Several databases from inception to 10 October 2017 without language restrictions and references from experts, prior reviews, and manufacturers. Study Selection: Randomized controlled trials of CES versus usual care or sham CES that reported pain, depression, anxiety, or sleep outcomes in any language...
March 20, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406836/differential-diagnosis-in-a-patient-presenting-with-both-systemic-and-neuromusculoskeletal-pathology-resident-s-case-problem
#9
Evan J Petersen, Stephanie M Thurmond
Study Design Resident's case problem. Background Patients presenting with multiple symptomatic areas pose a diagnostic challenge for the physical therapist. Though musculoskeletal and nonmusculoskeletal symptoms typically present separately, they can occur simultaneously and mimic each other. Consequently, the ability to differentiate between musculoskeletal and nonmusculoskeletal symptoms is an important skill for physical therapists. The purpose of this resident's case problem was to describe the clinical-reasoning process leading to medical and physical therapy management of a patient presenting with upper and lower back pain, bilateral radiating arm and leg pain, and abdominal pain...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165784/interventions-for-managing-skeletal-muscle-spasticity-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#10
REVIEW
Anneliese Synnot, Marisa Chau, Veronica Pitt, Denise O'Connor, Russell L Gruen, Jason Wasiak, Ornella Clavisi, Loyal Pattuwage, Kate Phillips
BACKGROUND: Skeletal muscle spasticity is a major physical complication resulting from traumatic brain injury (TBI), which can lead to muscle contracture, joint stiffness, reduced range of movement, broken skin and pain. Treatments for spasticity include a range of pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions, often used in combination. Management of spasticity following TBI varies from other clinical populations because of the added complexity of behavioural and cognitive issues associated with TBI...
November 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942912/an-evolving-role-for-cancer-rehabilitation-in-the-era-of-low-dose-lung-computed-tomography-screening
#11
REVIEW
Sean Robinson Smith, Ashish Khanna, Eric M Wisotzky
Lung cancer is the number one cause of cancer-related death worldwide, and is often detected in the later stages. Use of low-dose chest computed tomography in at-risk patients provides earlier detection and is being adopted as the standard screening tool, replacing less precise methods of radiography and sputum cytology. In the past, late detection of disease meant that rehabilitation interventions attempted to salvage function and to improve aerobic capacity to the point where patients could tolerate the sometimes-extensive oncologic treatment, including lobectomy or pneumonectomy...
September 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928499/high-grade-spondylolytic-spondylolisthesis
#12
Peter C Emary, Stefan A Eberspaecher, John A Taylor
Case reports of high-grade spondylolisthesis have been rarely published in the chiropractic literature. Documented here is a case involving a 28-year-old woman who presented to the World Spine Care clinic in the Dominican Republic with minimal neuromusculoskeletal symptoms despite a grade 4 spondylolytic spondylolisthesis. The key imaging and etiological features of this clinical disorder are presented.
August 2017: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894756/relationships-between-tibiofemoral-contact-forces-and-cartilage-morphology-at-2-to-3-years-after-single-bundle-hamstring-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-and-in-healthy-knees
#13
David John Saxby, Adam L Bryant, Xinyang Wang, Luca Modenese, Pauline Gerus, Jason M Konrath, Kim L Bennell, Karine Fortin, Tim Wrigley, Flavia M Cicuttini, Christopher J Vertullo, Julian A Feller, Tim Whitehead, Price Gallie, David G Lloyd
BACKGROUND: Prevention of knee osteoarthritis (OA) following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture and reconstruction is vital. Risk of postreconstruction knee OA is markedly increased by concurrent meniscal injury. It is unclear whether reconstruction results in normal relationships between tibiofemoral contact forces and cartilage morphology and whether meniscal injury modulates these relationships. HYPOTHESES: Since patients with isolated reconstructions (ie, without meniscal injury) are at lower risk for knee OA, we predicted that relationships between tibiofemoral contact forces and cartilage morphology would be similar to those of normal, healthy knees 2 to 3 years postreconstruction...
August 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859590/neural-mobilization-treating-nerve-related-musculoskeletal-conditions
#14
(no author information available yet)
Physical therapists often assess and treat patients whose pain and disability stem from impaired mobility of the peripheral nervous system. Neural mobilization is a movement-based therapy, applied manually or via exercise. The nerve is mobilized relative to adjacent structures, with the aim of reducing symptoms through mechanisms that may be mechanical or neurophysiologic. A new systematic review published in the September 2017 issue of JOSPT includes 40 studies of neural mobilization in various neuromusculoskeletal conditions...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858807/bio-inspired-adaptive-control-for-active-knee-exoprosthetics
#15
Anna Pagel, Raffaele Ranzani, Robert Riener, Heike Vallery
On the quest to bring function of prosthetic legs closer to their biological counterparts, the intuitive interplay of their control with the user's impedance modulation is key. We present two control features to enable more physiological and more user-adaptive control of prosthetic legs: a neuromusculoskeletal impedance model ( ) including a reflexive component, and a human model reference adaptive controller ( ), which can be combined with the former. In stance-phase simulations, the allowed to control a prosthetic leg with physiological knee joint angle and moment...
December 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720075/physical-activity-body-functions-and-disability-among-middle-aged-and-older-spanish-adults
#16
Alexandre Caron, Alba Ayala, Javier Damián, Carmen Rodriguez-Blazquez, Javier Almazán, Juan Manuel Castellote, Madgalena Comin, Maria João Forjaz, Jesús de Pedro
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) is a health determinant among middle-aged and older adults. In contrast, poor health is expected to have a negative impact on PA. This study sought to assess to what extent specific International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) health components were associated with PA among older adults. METHODS: We used a sample of 864 persons aged ≥50 years, positively screened for disability or cognition in a cross-sectional community survey in Spain...
July 18, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712784/effects-of-interventions-with-therapeutic-suits-clothing-on-impairments-and-functional-limitations-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Kênnea M Almeida, Sérgio T Fonseca, Priscilla R P Figueiredo, Amanda A Aquino, Marisa C Mancini
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic suits or clothing whether associated with intensive protocols or not, became popular in the rehabilitation of children with cerebral palsy. Studies have reported positive effects of these suits on children's posture, balance, motor function and gait. A summary of current literature may help guide therapeutic actions. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the available evidence on the effects of interventions based on the use of therapeutic suits in the treatment of impairments and functional limitations of children with cerebral palsy...
September 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700708/lower-extremity-emg-driven-modeling-of-walking-with-automated-adjustment-of-musculoskeletal-geometry
#18
Andrew J Meyer, Carolynn Patten, Benjamin J Fregly
Neuromusculoskeletal disorders affecting walking ability are often difficult to manage, in part due to limited understanding of how a patient's lower extremity muscle excitations contribute to the patient's lower extremity joint moments. To assist in the study of these disorders, researchers have developed electromyography (EMG) driven neuromusculoskeletal models utilizing scaled generic musculoskeletal geometry. While these models can predict individual muscle contributions to lower extremity joint moments during walking, the accuracy of the predictions can be hindered by errors in the scaled geometry...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694106/neural-and-non-neural-related-properties-in-the-spastic-wrist-flexors-an-optimization-study
#19
R Wang, P Herman, Ö Ekeberg, J Gäverth, A Fagergren, H Forssberg
Quantifying neural and non-neural contributions to increased joint resistance in spasticity is essential for a better understanding of its pathophysiological mechanisms and evaluating different intervention strategies. However, direct measurement of spasticity-related manifestations, e.g., motoneuron and biophysical properties in humans, is extremely challenging. In this vein, we developed a forward neuromusculoskeletal model that accounts for dynamics of muscle spindles, motoneuron pools, muscle activation and musculotendon of wrist flexors and relies on the joint angle and resistant torque as the only input measurement variables...
July 7, 2017: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676359/office-evaluation-of-pelvic-pain
#20
REVIEW
Stacey Bennis, Sarah Hwang
The history and physical examination are important keys to diagnosis and treatment of patients with chronic pelvic pain. The comprehensive history should include questioning regarding patient's pain complaint and a thorough history and review of any body system that may be involved, including neuromusculoskeletal, obstetric, gynecologic, gastrointestinal, urologic, dermatologic, infectious, oncologic, and psychiatric. The physical examination should also follow a focused systems-based approach and includes examination of gastrointestinal, dermatologic, neurologic, and musculoskeletal (including lumbosacral spine, sacroiliac joints, pelvis, and hips) systems, and the pelvic floor (internal and external examination, including neuromuscular anatomy)...
August 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
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