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Neuromusculoskeletal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712784/effects-of-interventions-with-therapeutic-suits-clothing-on-impairments-and-functional-limitations-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Kênnea M Almeida, Sérgio T Fonseca, Priscilla R P Figueiredo, Amanda A Aquino, Marisa C Mancini
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic suits or clothing whether associated with intensive protocols or not, became popular in the rehabilitation of children with cerebral palsy. Studies have reported positive effects of these suits on children's posture, balance, motor function and gait. A summary of current literature may help guide therapeutic actions. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the available evidence on the effects of interventions based on the use of therapeutic suits in the treatment of impairments and functional limitations of children with cerebral palsy...
July 5, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700708/lower-extremity-emg-driven-modeling-of-walking-with-automated-adjustment-of-musculoskeletal-geometry
#2
Andrew J Meyer, Carolynn Patten, Benjamin J Fregly
Neuromusculoskeletal disorders affecting walking ability are often difficult to manage, in part due to limited understanding of how a patient's lower extremity muscle excitations contribute to the patient's lower extremity joint moments. To assist in the study of these disorders, researchers have developed electromyography (EMG) driven neuromusculoskeletal models utilizing scaled generic musculoskeletal geometry. While these models can predict individual muscle contributions to lower extremity joint moments during walking, the accuracy of the predictions can be hindered by errors in the scaled geometry...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694106/neural-and-non-neural-related-properties-in-the-spastic-wrist-flexors-an-optimization-study
#3
R Wang, P Herman, Ö Ekeberg, J Gäverth, A Fagergren, H Forssberg
Quantifying neural and non-neural contributions to increased joint resistance in spasticity is essential for a better understanding of its pathophysiological mechanisms and evaluating different intervention strategies. However, direct measurement of spasticity-related manifestations, e.g., motoneuron and biophysical properties in humans, is extremely challenging. In this vein, we developed a forward neuromusculoskeletal model that accounts for dynamics of muscle spindles, motoneuron pools, muscle activation and musculotendon of wrist flexors and relies on the joint angle and resistant torque as the only input measurement variables...
July 7, 2017: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676359/office-evaluation-of-pelvic-pain
#4
REVIEW
Stacey Bennis, Sarah Hwang
The history and physical examination are important keys to diagnosis and treatment of patients with chronic pelvic pain. The comprehensive history should include questioning regarding patient's pain complaint and a thorough history and review of any body system that may be involved, including neuromusculoskeletal, obstetric, gynecologic, gastrointestinal, urologic, dermatologic, infectious, oncologic, and psychiatric. The physical examination should also follow a focused systems-based approach and includes examination of gastrointestinal, dermatologic, neurologic, and musculoskeletal (including lumbosacral spine, sacroiliac joints, pelvis, and hips) systems, and the pelvic floor (internal and external examination, including neuromuscular anatomy)...
August 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621218/measuring-disability-in-patients-with-cervical-dystonia-according-to-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health
#5
Joke De Pauw, Kevin van der Velden, Reen Cox, Steven Truijen, Patrick Cras, Rudy Mercelis, Willem De Hertogh
Cervical Dystonia (CD) is a rare movement disorder characterized by an abnormal head position. This cross-sectional study describes the health status and severity of disability using an internationally agreed language by applying the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Two disease-specific rating scales were administered to 30 patients with CD. By linking the individual answers to the ICF model, the frequency and severity of reported impairments and restrictions were estimated using a count-based method...
July 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583674/three-dimensional-data-tracking-dynamic-optimization-simulations-of-human-locomotion-generated-by-direct-collocation
#6
Yi-Chung Lin, Marcus G Pandy
The aim of this study was to perform full-body three-dimensional (3D) dynamic optimization simulations of human locomotion by driving a neuromusculoskeletal model toward in vivo measurements of body-segmental kinematics and ground reaction forces. Gait data were recorded from 5 healthy participants who walked at their preferred speeds and ran at 2m/s. Participant-specific data-tracking dynamic optimization solutions were generated for one stride cycle using direct collocation in tandem with an OpenSim-MATLAB interface...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541915/embedded-system-for-prosthetic-control-using-implanted-neuromuscular-interfaces-accessed-via-an-osseointegrated-implant
#7
Enzo Mastinu, Pascal Doguet, Yohan Botquin, Bo Hakansson, Max Ortiz-Catalan
Despite the technological progress in robotics achieved in the last decades, prosthetic limbs still lack functionality, reliability, and comfort. Recently, an implanted neuromusculoskeletal interface built upon osseointegration was developed and tested in humans, namely the Osseointegrated Human-Machine Gateway. Here, we present an embedded system to exploit the advantages of this technology. Our artificial limb controller allows for bioelectric signals acquisition, processing, decoding of motor intent, prosthetic control, and sensory feedback...
May 23, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504931/robust-real-time-musculoskeletal-modeling-driven-by-electromyograms
#8
Guillaume Durandau, Dario Farina, Massimo Sartori
OBJECTIVE: Current clinical biomechanics involves lengthy data acquisition and time-consuming offline analyses and current biomechanical models cannot be used for real-time control in man-machine interfaces. We developed a method that enables online analysis of neuromusculoskeletal function in vivo in the intact human. METHODS: We used electromyography (EMG)-driven musculoskeletal modeling to simulate all transformations from muscle excitation onset (EMGs) to mechanical moment production around multiple lower-limb degrees of freedom (DOFs)...
May 12, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494621/chinese-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-foot-function-index-as-tool-to-measure-patients-with-foot-and-ankle-functional-limitations
#9
Manuel González-Sánchez, Maria Ruiz-Muñoz, Guang Zhi Li, Antonio I Cuesta-Vargas
PURPOSE: To perform a cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the Foot Function Index (FFI) questionnaire to develop the Chinese version. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three hundred and six patients with foot and ankle neuromusculoskeletal diseases participated in this observational study. Construct validity, internal consistency and criterion validity were calculated for the FFI Chinese version after the translation and transcultural adaptation process. RESULTS: Internal consistency ranged from 0...
May 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462674/validity-and-reliability-of-smartphone-applications-for-clinical-assessment-of-the-neuromusculoskeletal-system
#10
Aliaa Rehan Youssef, Mohammed Gumaa
Clinicians increasingly use smartphone medical applications. There is no evidence to support the validity and reliability of applications used to assess the neuromusculoskeletal system. The aim of this study was to systematically review the quality of studies as well as the validity and reliability of using a smartphone as a clinical assessment tool for the neuromusculoskeletal system. Areas covered: PubMed, CINAHL and Embase were searched. A manual search was also conducted. Additionally, forward snowballing of relevant articles was performed in Scopus and Web of Science...
June 2017: Expert Review of Medical Devices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436878/biofeedback-for-gait-retraining-based-on-real-time-estimation-of-tibiofemoral-joint-contact-forces
#11
Claudio Pizzolato, Monica Reggiani, David J Saxby, Elena Ceseracciu, Luca Modenese, David G Lloyd
Biofeedback assisted rehabilitation and intervention technologies have the potential to modify clinically relevant biomechanics. Gait retraining has been used to reduce the knee adduction moment, a surrogate of medial tibiofemoral joint loading often used in knee osteoarthritis research. In this study we present an electromyogram-driven neuromusculoskeletal model of the lower-limb to estimate, in real-time, the tibiofemoral joint loads. The model included 34 musculotendon units spanning the hip, knee, and ankle joints...
April 18, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387489/-orthopaedic-manual-therapy-definition-characteristics-and-update-on-the-situation-in-belgium
#12
REVIEW
C Demoulin, Y Depas, M Vanderthommen, Y Henrotin, S Wolfs, B Cagnie, B Hidalgo
Although orthopaedic manual therapy (OMT) has existed for decades, and although a recent Belgian Royal Decree, published in 2014, recognized it as a particular professional qualification in physiotherapy for the treatment of neuromusculoskeletal dysfunctions, OMT remains little known by patients, but also by healthcare professionals. Yet, this professional qualification, based on clinical reasoning, using highly specific treatments, guided by the best available scientific and clinical evidence and the specific biopsychosocial characteristics of each patient, is the subject of a growing number of scientific studies pointing out its effectiveness...
March 2017: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269628/development-of-an-open-source-cosimulation-method-of-the-knee
#13
Anne Schmitz, Davide Piovesan
Rigid body dynamics and soft tissue loads are solved simultaneously in a cosimulation framework to couple musculoskeletal dynamics and tissue mechanics. The goal of this work was to implement a validated, open-source cosimulation framework of the knee to determine how this coupling affects computed cartilage loads. The kinematic knee joint of a generic whole body model in the open-source software OpenSim was replaced by a previously developed discrete element knee model that consisted of a six degree of freedom (dof) tibiofemoral joint and one dof patellofemoral joint...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227886/development-of-an-open-source-cosimulation-method-of-the-knee
#14
Anne Schmitz, Davide Piovesan, Anne Schmitz, Davide Piovesan, Anne Schmitz, Davide Piovesan
Rigid body dynamics and soft tissue loads are solved simultaneously in a cosimulation framework to couple musculoskeletal dynamics and tissue mechanics. The goal of this work was to implement a validated, open-source cosimulation framework of the knee to determine how this coupling affects computed cartilage loads. The kinematic knee joint of a generic whole body model in the open-source software OpenSim was replaced by a previously developed discrete element knee model that consisted of a six degree of freedom (dof) tibiofemoral joint and one dof patellofemoral joint...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188077/development-of-a-preliminary-evidence-based-neuromusculoskeletal-exercise-guideline-to-reduce-injury-risk-in-the-lower-limb
#15
REVIEW
Michael E Lehr, Devin Kime, Cayce Onks, Matthew Silvis, Megan Streisel
Athletic participation growth has resulted in increased exposures and neuromusculoskeletal (NMSK) non-contact injuries. Based on current evidence, the primary objective of this literature review is to create a preliminary evidence-based NMSK exercise guideline, addressing these intrinsic modifiable risk factors. Systematic searches were conducted September 2014 prior to data extraction utilizing CINAHL Plus (1995 to September 2014), MEDLINE (1995 to September 2014), and Academic Search Premier (1995 to September 2014)...
May 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154440/case-report-using-a-remote-presence-robot-to-improve-access-to-physical-therapy-for-people-with-chronic-back-disorders-in-an-underserved-community
#16
Stacey Lovo Grona, Brenna Bath, Luis Bustamante, Ivar Mendez
Purpose: The purpose of this case study was to evaluate the delivery of an inter-professional (IP) spinal triage management approach to chronic back disorders using remote presence robotic technology as an innovative form of telerehabilitation in a northern Saskatchewan community. Methods: The IP team, consisting of a local nurse practitioner (NP) and a physical therapist in an urban centre, completed a comprehensive neuromusculoskeletal assessment of, and one follow-up visit with, a post-surgical spinal patient...
2017: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100420/osteoarthritis-year-in-review-2016-mechanics
#17
REVIEW
D J Saxby, D G Lloyd
Inappropriate biomechanics, namely wear-and-tear, has been long believed to be a main cause of osteoarthritis (OA). However, this view is now being re-evaluated, especially when examined alongside mechanobiology and new biomechanical studies. These are multiscale experimental and computational studies focussing on cell- and tissue-level mechanobiology through to organ- and whole-body-level biomechanics, which focuses on the biomechanical and biochemical environment of the joint tissues. This review examined papers from April 2015 to April 2016, with a focus on multiscale experimental and computational biomechanical studies of OA...
February 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079030/neuromusculoskeletal-model-self-calibration-for-on-line-sequential-bayesian-moment-estimation
#18
Diana R Bueno, L Montano
OBJECTIVE: Neuromusculoskeletal models involve many subject-specific physiological parameters that need to be adjusted to adequately represent muscle properties. Traditionally, neuromusculoskeletal models have been calibrated with a forward-inverse dynamic optimization which is time-consuming and unfeasible for rehabilitation therapy. Non self-calibration algorithms have been applied to these models. To the best of our knowledge, the algorithm proposed in this work is the first on-line calibration algorithm for muscle models that allows a generic model to be adjusted to different subjects in a few steps...
April 2017: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002649/toward-modeling-locomotion-using-electromyography-informed-3d-models-application-to-cerebral-palsy
#19
REVIEW
M Sartori, J W Fernandez, L Modenese, C P Carty, L A Barber, K Oberhofer, J Zhang, G G Handsfield, N S Stott, T F Besier, D Farina, D G Lloyd
This position paper proposes a modeling pipeline to develop clinically relevant neuromusculoskeletal models to understand and treat complex neurological disorders. Although applicable to a variety of neurological conditions, we provide direct pipeline applicative examples in the context of cerebral palsy (CP). This paper highlights technologies in: (1) patient-specific segmental rigid body models developed from magnetic resonance imaging for use in inverse kinematics and inverse dynamics pipelines; (2) efficient population-based approaches to derive skeletal models and muscle origins/insertions that are useful for population statistics and consistent creation of continuum models; (3) continuum muscle descriptions to account for complex muscle architecture including spatially varying material properties with muscle wrapping; (4) muscle and tendon properties specific to CP; and (5) neural-based electromyography-informed methods for muscle force prediction...
December 21, 2016: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Systems Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942137/study-on-the-quality-of-life-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#20
Seung Kyu Park, Dae Jung Yang, Jae Won Heo, Je Ho Kim, Sam Heon Park, Yo Han Uhm
[Purpose] This study aims to analyze the factors that affect the quality of life of children with cerebral palsy. [Subjects and Methods] The study subjects were 138 children, aged 7-12, who suffer from cerebral palsy. Factors affecting subjects' quality of life were evaluated using the ICF-CY; quality of life was evaluated using the KIDSCREEN 52 - Health-Related Quality of Life questionnaire. Multiple regression analysis was conducted. [Results] The factors related to physical functions that affect subjects' quality of life were mental function, sensory function and pain, genitourinary and reproductive function, as well as neuromusculoskeletal and movement-related functions...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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