Read by QxMD icon Read


Marianna Laviola, Jakub Rafl, Martin Rozanek, Petr Kudrna, Karel Roubik
UNLABELLED: Purpose/Aim : High-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) is a method of ventilation that theoretically achieves the goals of lung protective ventilation in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) patients. It is characterized by a rapid delivery of small tidal volumes at high frequencies oscillating around a continuous distending pressure (CDP). Optimization of CDP is not an easy task and it is titrated empirically in the clinical practice. The aim of this study is to investigate whether the level of CDP consistently affects the shape of the partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2) response to stepwise changes in CDP during HFOV of healthy and ARDS-induced pigs...
2016: Experimental Lung Research
Cai-hong Shang, Qing-qing Zhang, Jian-hua Zhou
Oridonin, an active diterpenoid compound from Rabdosia rubescens, has anti-tumor effects. Rheumatoid arthritis fibroblast-like synoviocytes (RAFLS), a pathological hallmark of RA, exhibits "tumor-like" phenotype. Here, we investigated the effects of oridonin on the proliferation and apoptosis of RAFLS. Cell viability was measured by the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Apoptosis and mitochondrial membrane potential were detected by flow cytometry. Western blot analysis was performed to examine the phosphorylation of extra-cellular regulated kinases (ERK1/2), C-Jun N-Terminal Kinase (JNK), and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases and the expression of apoptosis-related proteins...
April 2016: Inflammation
Chenqi Zhao, Uriel Moreno-Nieves, John A Di Battista, Maria J Fernandes, Mohamed Touaibia, Sylvain G Bourgoin
Emerging evidence suggests a role for sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) in various aspects of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) pathogenesis. In this study we compared the effect of chemical hypoxia induced by cobalt chloride (CoCl2) on the expression of S1P metabolic enzymes and cytokine/chemokine secretion in normal fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) and RAFLS. RAFLS incubated with CoCl2, but not S1P, produced less IL-8 and MCP-1 than normal FLS. Furthermore, incubation with the S1P2 and S1P3 receptor antagonists, JTE-013 and CAY10444, reduced CoCl2-mediated chemokine production in normal FLS but not in RAFLS...
2015: Mediators of Inflammation
Abdelaziz Ramadan, Keiichirou Nemoto, Motoaki Seki, Kazuo Shinozaki, Hiroyuki Takeda, Hirotaka Takahashi, Tatsuya Sawasaki
BACKGROUND: Protein ubiquitination is a ubiquitous mechanism in eukaryotes. In Arabidopsis, ubiquitin modification is mainly mediated by two ubiquitin activating enzymes (E1s), 37 ubiquitin conjugating enzymes (E2s), and more than 1300 predicted ubiquitin ligase enzymes (E3s), of which ~470 are RING-type E3s. A large proportion of the RING E3's gene products have yet to be characterised in vitro, likely because of the laborious work involved in large-scale cDNA cloning and protein expression, purification, and characterisation...
2015: BMC Plant Biology
Sergio E Chiarella, Rafle Fernandez, Pedro C Avila
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this review, we summarize the latest publications on the genetic and environmental determinants of allergic rhinitis. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent advances in genetic technology and bioinformatics have enabled simultaneous unbiased analysis of the entire genome regarding DNA sequence variants, epigenetic modifications and gene expression, providing functional correlates for DNA variants and phenotypes. As a result, new genes of mitochondrial and B-lymphocyte metabolism have been associated with allergic rhinitis phenotypes...
October 2015: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
R Audo, A Hegglin, D Severac, C Dantec, B Combe, M Hahne, J Morel
We previously described that sensitivity to tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL)-induced apoptosis varied in rheumatoid arthritis fibroblasts-like synoviocytes (RAFLS) from one patient to another and was correlated with disease severity. Therefore, we screened for genes differentially expressed in RAFLS sensitive and resistant to TRAIL-induced apoptosis. The sensitivity of RAFLS was defined based on the percentage of TRAIL-induced apoptosis: 0-10% for resistant cells and >25% for sensitive RAFLS...
October 2015: Genes and Immunity
Jiling Sun, Peng Yan, Yuanzheng Chen, Yang Chen, Jianxun Yang, Guangyue Xu, Haijun Mao, Yong Qiu
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic systemic auto- immune disease characterized by joint synovitis. Recent evidence suggests that rheumatoid arthritis synovial fibroblasts (RASFs) promote joint destruction. In this study, we investigated the role of microRNA-26b (miR-26b) in cell proliferation and inflammatory cytokine secretion using patient-derived Rheumatoid arthritis fibroblast-like synoviocyte (RAFLS) to understand pathways influencing rheumatoid arthritis. METHODS: RAFLS were cultured in vitro and transfected with miR-26b mimics (experimental group) and negative sequence (control group)...
2015: Diagnostic Pathology
Zunhua Shu, Xiaozhe Shi, Daqing Nie, Bingyu Guan
Fucoidan is a sulfated polysaccharide found mainly in various species of brown algae and brown seaweed. Here, we investigated the effects of low-molecular-weight (LMW) fucoidan (4 kDa) on interleukin-1beta (IL-1β)-stimulated rheumatoid arthritis fibroblast-like synoviocyte (RAFLS). 3-[4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5 diphenyl tetrazolium bromide assay and annexin V/propidium iodide assay were used to assess cell viability and apoptosis, respectively. Transwell assay was performed to evaluate cell invasion. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, Western blot, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay analysis was done to measure gene expression and secretion...
October 2015: Inflammation
Xiaoquan Ding, Yuelong Huang, Songyang Liu, Houshan Lv, Jianhao Lin, Tiezheng Sun
OBJECTIVE: To explore the pattern of cadherin-11 expression and its relationship with synovial inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and study the regulatory effects of cytokines on cadherin-11 expression on RA fibroblast-like synoviocytes (RAFLS). METHODS: Synovium samples were obtained from 28 RA patients who were undergoing total knee replacement. After HE staining, synovitis score was determined according to Rooney's inflammation score system. The expression of cadherin-11 in RA synovium was semi-quantified by immunohistochemical staining, and its correlations with Rooney's inflammation score and systematic inflammatory markers were analyzed statistically...
December 2014: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
Ghada Alsaleh, Antoine François, Lucas Philippe, Ya-Zhuo Gong, Seiamak Bahram, Semih Cetin, Sébastien Pfeffer, Jacques-Eric Gottenberg, Dominique Wachsmann, Philippe Georgel, Jean Sibilia
We evaluated micro (mi) RNA-mediated regulation of BAFF expression in fibroblasts using two concomitant models: (i) synovial fibroblasts (FLS) isolated from healthy controls (N) or Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) patients; (ii) human dermal fibroblasts (HDF) isolated from healthy controls (N) or Systemic Sclerosis (SSc) patients. Using RT-qPCR and ELISA, we first showed that SScHDF synthesized and released BAFF in response to Poly(I:C) or IFN-γ treatment, as previously observed in RAFLS, whereas NHDF released BAFF preferentially in response to IFN-γ...
2014: PloS One
Chenqi Zhao, Weili Hui, Maria J Fernandes, Patrice E Poubelle, Sylvain G Bourgoin
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a pleiotropic lipid mediator that promotes motility, survival, and the synthesis of chemokines/cytokines such as interleukin-8 (IL-8) and interleukin-6 by human fibroblast-like synoviocytes from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RAFLS). In those cells LPA was reported to induce IL-8 secretion through activation of various signaling pathways including p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK), p42/44 MAPK, and Rho kinase. In addition to those pathways we report that mitogen- and stress-activated protein kinases (MSKs) known to be activated downstream of the ERK1/2 and p38 MAPK cascades and CREB are phosphorylated in response to LPA...
July 1, 2014: Biochemical Pharmacology
Yue-wen Chang, Yong-fang Zhao, Yue-long Cao, Wei Gu, Jian Pang, Hong-sheng Zhan
Rheumatoid arthritis fibroblast-like synoviocytes (RAFLSs) proliferate abnormally and resist apoptosis. Bufalin inhibits cell proliferation and induces apoptosis in human cancer cells. In this study, we explored the effects of bufalin on interleukin-1beta (IL-1β)-induced proliferation and apoptosis of RAFLSs. The cell proliferation and apoptosis were measured by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazoliumbromide assay and annexin V/propidium iodide staining, respectively. Bufalin dose-dependently inhibited IL-1β-induced RAFLS proliferation...
October 2014: Inflammation
M Rožánek, Z Horáková, B Padertová, J Ráfl, K Roubík
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 7, 2013: Biomedizinische Technik. Biomedical Engineering
M Rožánek, B Padertová, J Ráfl, Z Horáková, K Roubík
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 7, 2013: Biomedizinische Technik. Biomedical Engineering
Shuo Chen, Yang Yang, Hui Feng, Hehong Wang, Riguang Zhao, Hongbin Liu
Baicalein shows anti-inflammatory effects in human rheumatoid arthritis fibroblast-like synoviocytes (RAFLS). Considering its anti-proliferatory effects on various cancer cells, we investigated the effects of baicalein on interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β)-induced proliferation of human RAFLS. Cell proliferation was examined by (3)H-thymidine incorporation assay. Western blot analysis was performed to assess the phosphorylation of extracellular regulating kinase (ERK), p38, and c-Jun N-terminal kinase, and nuclear translocation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) subunit p65...
February 2014: Inflammation
Seung-Jun Hwang, Bongkun Choi, Soon-Suk Kang, Jae-Ho Chang, Yong-Gil Kim, Yeon-Ho Chung, Dong Hyun Sohn, Min Wook So, Chang-Keun Lee, William H Robinson, Eun-Ju Chang
INTRODUCTION: Interleukin-34 (IL-34) is a recently defined cytokine, showing a functional overlap with macrophage colony stimulating factor (M-CSF). This study was undertaken to address the expression of IL-34 in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and to investigate its regulation and pathogenic role in RA. METHODS: IL-34 levels were determined in the RA synovium, synovial fluid (SF) and fibroblast-like synovial cells (FLS) by immunohistochemistry, real-time PCR, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and immunoblotting...
2012: Arthritis Research & Therapy
Qing-Wen Sun, Song-Min Jiang, Ke Yang, Jian-Ming Zheng, Li Zhang, Wei-Dong Xu
Activated rheumatoid arthritis (RA) fibroblast-like synoviocytes (RAFLSs) play a central role in both initiating and driving RA. Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) has been documented to induce apoptosis only in a small proportion of RAFLSs, which is followed by an induction of proliferation in surviving cells. Apigenin, a chemopreventive bioflavonoid, exhibits proapoptotic activity in many types of cells. In the present study, we sought to determine whether apigenin could enhance the cytotoxic effect of TRAIL on activated RAFLSs...
May 2012: Molecular Biology Reports
Jiro Yamana, Eric F Morand, Tsuno Manabu, Katsue Sunahori, Kouji Takasugi, Hirofumi Makino, Masahiro Yamamura
OBJECTIVES: TNF-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK), a member of the TNF superfamily, has been shown to increase cytokine production by rheumatoid arthritis (RA) fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS). In this study, we determined the effect of interaction between TWEAK and its receptor fibroblast growth factor-inducible-14 (Fn14) on cytokine expression in RAFLS. METHODS: RAFLS were obtained from surgical synovial specimens and used at passage 5-10. Cytokine protein and mRNA expression were measured with ELISA and real time-PCR, respectively...
2012: Cellular Immunology
Karel Roubík, Jakub Ráfl, Marc van Heerde, Dick G Markhorst
Lung protective ventilation is intended to minimize the risk of ventilator induced lung injury and currently aimed at preservation of spontaneous breathing during mechanical ventilation. High-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) is a lung protective ventilation strategy. Commonly used high-frequency oscillatory (HFO) ventilators, SensorMedics 3100, were not designed to tolerate spontaneous breathing. Respiratory efforts in large pediatric and adult patients impose a high workload to the patient and may cause pressure swings that impede ventilator function...
November 2011: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
José Dizon, Angelo Biviano, William Whang, Frederick Ehlert, Hasan Garan
AIMS: Isthmus-dependent right atrial flutter (RAFL) is a common sequela of pulmonary vein isolation (PVI). It is unclear as to whether RAFL is a result of PVI or a concealed phenomenon unmasked by the elimination of atrial fibrillation (AF). We measured low right atrial conduction times (LRACTs) before and after PVI and examined their relationship to the inducibility of RAFL. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty consecutive patients with paroxysmal AF but no history of RAFL were studied during the initial PVI procedure by radiofrequency ablation...
July 2011: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"