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Ru-Bing Yao, Zhi-Ming Zhao, Ling-Jie Zhao, Hui Cai
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic autoimmune disorder mainly characterized by inflammation of the synovial tissue that can lead to destruction of bone and cartilage. Sinomenine is an alkaloid extracted from the stem of the Chinese medicinal plant Sinomenium acutum. It has been reported that sinomenine has immunosuppressive and anti-inflammatory properties. However, the molecular mechanism underlying the effect of sinominine on IL-1β-induced human RA fibroblast-like synoviocytes (RAFLS) is poorly understood...
June 1, 2017: Die Pharmazie
Weili Hui, Chenqi Zhao, Sylvain G Bourgoin
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a pleiotropic bioactive lysophospholipid involved in inflammatory mediator synthesis. Signaling through p38MAPK, ERK, Rho kinase, and MSK-CREB contributes to LPA-mediated IL-8 production in fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. The study was undertaken to investigate how LPA activates MSKs and how signaling crosstalk between TNFα and LPA contributes to the super-production of cytokines/chemokines. RAFLS pretreated or not with TNFα were stimulated with LPA...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Xiaoying Chen, Nanzhen Kuang, Xiaoping Zeng, Zhiqin Zhang, Yanyan Li, Wei Liu, Yingyuan Fu
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of daphnetin combined with B cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl2)‑targeted small interfering (si)RNA (si‑Bcl2) on antiapoptotic genes in fibroblast‑like synoviocytes (FLS) in rats with collagen II‑induced arthritis (CIA). The roles of si‑Bcl2 and daphnetin were determined by measuring the expression levels of Bcl2. Protein and mRNA expression levels of Bcl2 in FLS were determined by flow cytometry and reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction...
November 7, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
Haley Svrcina, Austin Greer, Seth Baker, Morgan Smith, Patricia Martinez, Nathan Granger, Natassja Thomas, Jaylin Miller, Ellen Steinke, Kelsey Davitt, Emily Sloane, Lauren Nugent, Ryan Sabo, Calli Williams, Mark A Lipton, Daniel Jones
Earlier work in our laboratory demonstrated that naturally occurring reveromycin A (Rev A) causes apoptosis in osteoclasts without accompanying necrosis. Rev A death effects in both normal and diseased joint cells were investigated in this study. 10 □M Rev A did not cause apoptosis nor necrosis in monolayer chondrocytes, even at pH 6.8, a pH mimicking that of an inflamed joint. In contrast, at the acidic pH Rev A did induce significant apoptosis (four-fold increase at 48 hours of treatment, p<0.005) in normal synoviocytes without accompanying necrosis...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Jakub Rafl, Filip Kulhanek, Petr Kudrna, Vaclav Ort, Karel Roubik
Noninvasive techniques are routinely used for assessment of tissue effects of lung ventilation. However, comprehensive studies of the response time of the methods are scarce. The aim of this study was to compare the response time of noninvasive methods for monitoring of gas exchange to sudden changes in the composition of the inspired gas. A prospective experimental study with 16 healthy volunteers was conducted. A ventilation circuit was designed that enabled a fast change in the composition of the inspiratory gas mixture while allowing spontaneous breathing...
August 12, 2017: Biomedizinische Technik. Biomedical Engineering
M Jacquemin, A Vodolozkaia, J Toelen, J Schoeters, I Van Horenbeeck, I Vanlinthout, M Debasse, K Peerlinck
INTRODUCTION: Postinfusion ReFacto AF levels can be difficult to measure accurately due to discrepancies between one-stage and chromogenic FVIII assays. To overcome this, the use of the ReFacto AF laboratory standard (RAFLS) is recommended, but there are discordant reports regarding its usefulness. AIM: We investigated whether calibration with RAFLS and measurement of ReFacto AF levels are influenced by the choice of reagents and patient-specific factors in one-stage FVIII assays...
January 25, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
Fang Pan, Lihua Zhu, Haozhe Lv, Chunpeng Pei
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune joint disease and fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) are the resident mesenchymal cells of synovial joints. Quercetin is a dietary antioxidant. In this study, we aimed to explore the mechanisms responsible for the quercetin-induced apoptosis of FLS from patients with RA (termed RAFLS). RAFLS viability was determined following treatent of the cells with or without quercetin using the Cell Counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay. The apoptosis of the RAFLS was analyzed using the Annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) apoptosis detection kit I...
November 2016: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Marianna Laviola, Jakub Rafl, Martin Rozanek, Petr Kudrna, Karel Roubik
UNLABELLED: Purpose/Aim : High-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) is a method of ventilation that theoretically achieves the goals of lung protective ventilation in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) patients. It is characterized by a rapid delivery of small tidal volumes at high frequencies oscillating around a continuous distending pressure (CDP). Optimization of CDP is not an easy task and it is titrated empirically in the clinical practice. The aim of this study is to investigate whether the level of CDP consistently affects the shape of the partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2) response to stepwise changes in CDP during HFOV of healthy and ARDS-induced pigs...
2016: Experimental Lung Research
Cai-hong Shang, Qing-qing Zhang, Jian-hua Zhou
Oridonin, an active diterpenoid compound from Rabdosia rubescens, has anti-tumor effects. Rheumatoid arthritis fibroblast-like synoviocytes (RAFLS), a pathological hallmark of RA, exhibits "tumor-like" phenotype. Here, we investigated the effects of oridonin on the proliferation and apoptosis of RAFLS. Cell viability was measured by the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Apoptosis and mitochondrial membrane potential were detected by flow cytometry. Western blot analysis was performed to examine the phosphorylation of extra-cellular regulated kinases (ERK1/2), C-Jun N-Terminal Kinase (JNK), and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases and the expression of apoptosis-related proteins...
April 2016: Inflammation
Chenqi Zhao, Uriel Moreno-Nieves, John A Di Battista, Maria J Fernandes, Mohamed Touaibia, Sylvain G Bourgoin
Emerging evidence suggests a role for sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) in various aspects of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) pathogenesis. In this study we compared the effect of chemical hypoxia induced by cobalt chloride (CoCl2) on the expression of S1P metabolic enzymes and cytokine/chemokine secretion in normal fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) and RAFLS. RAFLS incubated with CoCl2, but not S1P, produced less IL-8 and MCP-1 than normal FLS. Furthermore, incubation with the S1P2 and S1P3 receptor antagonists, JTE-013 and CAY10444, reduced CoCl2-mediated chemokine production in normal FLS but not in RAFLS...
2015: Mediators of Inflammation
Abdelaziz Ramadan, Keiichirou Nemoto, Motoaki Seki, Kazuo Shinozaki, Hiroyuki Takeda, Hirotaka Takahashi, Tatsuya Sawasaki
BACKGROUND: Protein ubiquitination is a ubiquitous mechanism in eukaryotes. In Arabidopsis, ubiquitin modification is mainly mediated by two ubiquitin activating enzymes (E1s), 37 ubiquitin conjugating enzymes (E2s), and more than 1300 predicted ubiquitin ligase enzymes (E3s), of which ~470 are RING-type E3s. A large proportion of the RING E3's gene products have yet to be characterised in vitro, likely because of the laborious work involved in large-scale cDNA cloning and protein expression, purification, and characterisation...
November 10, 2015: BMC Plant Biology
Sergio E Chiarella, Rafle Fernandez, Pedro C Avila
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this review, we summarize the latest publications on the genetic and environmental determinants of allergic rhinitis. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent advances in genetic technology and bioinformatics have enabled simultaneous unbiased analysis of the entire genome regarding DNA sequence variants, epigenetic modifications and gene expression, providing functional correlates for DNA variants and phenotypes. As a result, new genes of mitochondrial and B-lymphocyte metabolism have been associated with allergic rhinitis phenotypes...
October 2015: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
R Audo, A Hegglin, D Severac, C Dantec, B Combe, M Hahne, J Morel
We previously described that sensitivity to tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL)-induced apoptosis varied in rheumatoid arthritis fibroblasts-like synoviocytes (RAFLS) from one patient to another and was correlated with disease severity. Therefore, we screened for genes differentially expressed in RAFLS sensitive and resistant to TRAIL-induced apoptosis. The sensitivity of RAFLS was defined based on the percentage of TRAIL-induced apoptosis: 0-10% for resistant cells and >25% for sensitive RAFLS...
October 2015: Genes and Immunity
Jiling Sun, Peng Yan, Yuanzheng Chen, Yang Chen, Jianxun Yang, Guangyue Xu, Haijun Mao, Yong Qiu
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic systemic auto- immune disease characterized by joint synovitis. Recent evidence suggests that rheumatoid arthritis synovial fibroblasts (RASFs) promote joint destruction. In this study, we investigated the role of microRNA-26b (miR-26b) in cell proliferation and inflammatory cytokine secretion using patient-derived Rheumatoid arthritis fibroblast-like synoviocyte (RAFLS) to understand pathways influencing rheumatoid arthritis. METHODS: RAFLS were cultured in vitro and transfected with miR-26b mimics (experimental group) and negative sequence (control group)...
June 19, 2015: Diagnostic Pathology
Zunhua Shu, Xiaozhe Shi, Daqing Nie, Bingyu Guan
Fucoidan is a sulfated polysaccharide found mainly in various species of brown algae and brown seaweed. Here, we investigated the effects of low-molecular-weight (LMW) fucoidan (4 kDa) on interleukin-1beta (IL-1β)-stimulated rheumatoid arthritis fibroblast-like synoviocyte (RAFLS). 3-[4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5 diphenyl tetrazolium bromide assay and annexin V/propidium iodide assay were used to assess cell viability and apoptosis, respectively. Transwell assay was performed to evaluate cell invasion. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, Western blot, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay analysis was done to measure gene expression and secretion...
October 2015: Inflammation
Xiaoquan Ding, Yuelong Huang, Songyang Liu, Houshan Lv, Jianhao Lin, Tiezheng Sun
OBJECTIVE: To explore the pattern of cadherin-11 expression and its relationship with synovial inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and study the regulatory effects of cytokines on cadherin-11 expression on RA fibroblast-like synoviocytes (RAFLS). METHODS: Synovium samples were obtained from 28 RA patients who were undergoing total knee replacement. After HE staining, synovitis score was determined according to Rooney's inflammation score system. The expression of cadherin-11 in RA synovium was semi-quantified by immunohistochemical staining, and its correlations with Rooney's inflammation score and systematic inflammatory markers were analyzed statistically...
December 2014: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
Ghada Alsaleh, Antoine François, Lucas Philippe, Ya-Zhuo Gong, Seiamak Bahram, Semih Cetin, Sébastien Pfeffer, Jacques-Eric Gottenberg, Dominique Wachsmann, Philippe Georgel, Jean Sibilia
We evaluated micro (mi) RNA-mediated regulation of BAFF expression in fibroblasts using two concomitant models: (i) synovial fibroblasts (FLS) isolated from healthy controls (N) or Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) patients; (ii) human dermal fibroblasts (HDF) isolated from healthy controls (N) or Systemic Sclerosis (SSc) patients. Using RT-qPCR and ELISA, we first showed that SScHDF synthesized and released BAFF in response to Poly(I:C) or IFN-γ treatment, as previously observed in RAFLS, whereas NHDF released BAFF preferentially in response to IFN-γ...
2014: PloS One
Chenqi Zhao, Weili Hui, Maria J Fernandes, Patrice E Poubelle, Sylvain G Bourgoin
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a pleiotropic lipid mediator that promotes motility, survival, and the synthesis of chemokines/cytokines such as interleukin-8 (IL-8) and interleukin-6 by human fibroblast-like synoviocytes from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RAFLS). In those cells LPA was reported to induce IL-8 secretion through activation of various signaling pathways including p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK), p42/44 MAPK, and Rho kinase. In addition to those pathways we report that mitogen- and stress-activated protein kinases (MSKs) known to be activated downstream of the ERK1/2 and p38 MAPK cascades and CREB are phosphorylated in response to LPA...
July 1, 2014: Biochemical Pharmacology
Yue-wen Chang, Yong-fang Zhao, Yue-long Cao, Wei Gu, Jian Pang, Hong-sheng Zhan
Rheumatoid arthritis fibroblast-like synoviocytes (RAFLSs) proliferate abnormally and resist apoptosis. Bufalin inhibits cell proliferation and induces apoptosis in human cancer cells. In this study, we explored the effects of bufalin on interleukin-1beta (IL-1β)-induced proliferation and apoptosis of RAFLSs. The cell proliferation and apoptosis were measured by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazoliumbromide assay and annexin V/propidium iodide staining, respectively. Bufalin dose-dependently inhibited IL-1β-induced RAFLS proliferation...
October 2014: Inflammation
M Rožánek, Z Horáková, B Padertová, J Ráfl, K Roubík
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 7, 2013: Biomedizinische Technik. Biomedical Engineering
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