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seating cerebral palsy

Abbas Abdolrahmani, Hiroyuki Sakita, Ryo Yonetsu, Akira Iwata
[Purpose] This pilot study examined the immediate effects of quick-seated trunk exercise on sit-to-stand movement in children with cerebral palsy. [Subjects and Methods] Five children with spastic cerebral palsy (hemiplegia, 3; diplegia, 2; age 6-17 years) performed five sessions of natural-seated trunk exercise at a self-selected speed (control). Following a 50-min rest period, five sessions of the quick-seated trunk exercise were conducted (experimental intervention) for each child. Each seated trunk exercise included 10 repetitions in the anterior-posterior and lateral directions...
May 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
L Zhou, M Camp, A Gahukamble, K L Willoughby, M Harambasic, C Molesworth, A Khot, H K Graham
BACKGROUND: There are a range of implants for fixation of proximal femoral osteotomies (PFOs) in children. We investigated the training experiences and preferences of orthopaedic residents and fellows who were learning PFO, using a fixed angled blade plate (ABP) or a locking, cannulated blade plate (LCBP). We also studied short-term technical and radiographic outcomes. METHODS: This was a prospective, parallel-group, cohort study of 90 consecutive children and adolescents with cerebral palsy who underwent bilateral PFOs with ABP or LCBP...
2017: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
Timur Ekiz, Sibel Özbudak Demir, Hatice Gözde Sümer, Neşe Özgirgin
BACKGROUND: Although wheelchair appropriateness has been studied in general wheelchair users and spinal cord injury patients, it has not been studied in children with cerebral palsy yet. OBJECTIVE: To describe the wheelchair appropriateness in children with cerebral palsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty children with cerebral palsy were included. Demographical and clinical features of the children were noted. All wheelchair parts were evaluated by the same rehabilitation physician who has attended a wheelchair-training course...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Taly Amichai, Sharon Eylon, Horesh Dor-Haim, Itai Berger, Michal Katz-Leurer
AIM: To describe the heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability at rest, during a submaximal treadmill test and at rest posttreadmill in children with cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: Twenty children (6-11 years) with CP participated, who had Gross Motor Function Classification System levels I to III. The HR was monitored for 5 minutes seated, during a submaximal treadmill test, and after 5 minutes rest posttreadmill. Outcome variables were HR and the square root of the mean squared differences of successive differences between adjacent heart beats (RMSSD)...
April 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
Satoshi Shirogane, Takashi Handa, Yoshihiko Kozai, Yusuke Maeda
[Purpose] The mechanical strength of wheelchair and seating products is specified by standards to ensure user safety. However, some individual users are affected by severe spasticity resulting from cerebral palsy that occasionally breaks such devices. Until recently, reports of quantitative measurement of these mechanical overloads have been scarce, and the exact loads applied have been unknown. This study aimed to conduct a sampling survey prior to conducting a future full-scale study. [Subjects and Methods] Using two force plates, we measured the load on the foot support applied by three participants with cerebral palsy...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Andrew O Frank, Lorraine H De Souza
This article aims to describe the clinical features of electric powered indoor/outdoor wheelchair (EPIOC) users with cerebral palsy (CP) that are problematic to optimal prescription and to explore comorbidities, features of CP, and conditions secondary to disability impacting on equipment provision for children and adults. The method is a cross-sectional study of EPIOC users (n = 102) with a primary diagnosis of CP. This is a retrospective review of electronic and case note records of EPIOC recipients attending a specialist wheelchair service in 2007-2008...
2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
Andréa Gomes Moraes, Fernando Copetti, Vera Regina Angelo, Luana Leonardo Chiavoloni, Ana Cristina David
UNLABELLED: [Purpose] This study evaluated the effects of hippotherapy on seated postural balance, dynamic balance, and functional performance in children with cerebral palsy and compared the effects of 12 and 24 sessions on seated postural balance. [Subjects and Methods] This study included 15 children with cerebral palsy aged between 5 and 10 years. INTERVENTIONS: A hippotherapy protocol was performed for 30 minutes, twice a week, for 12 weeks. Postural balance in a sitting position was measured using an AMTI AccuSway Plus force platform 1 week before initiating the hippotherapy program and after 12 and 24 weeks...
August 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Victor Santamaria, Jaya Rachwani, Sandra Saavedra, Marjorie Woollacott
PURPOSE: To test the effects of segmental trunk support on seated postural and reaching control in children with cerebral palsy. METHODS: Seventeen children (age range 2-15 y, Gross Motor Function Classification System levels III-V) were classified with the Segmental Assessment of Trunk Control into mild (complete trunk control/lower lumbar deficits), moderate (thoracic/upper lumbar deficits), and severe (cervical/upper thoracic deficits). Postural and arm kinematics were measured while reaching with trunk support at axillae, mid-ribs, or pelvis...
2016: Pediatric Physical Therapy
Matthias Hösl, Harald Böhm, Adamantios Arampatzis, Antonia Keymer, Leonhard Döderlein
BACKGROUND: Plantarflexor tightness due to muscle degenerations has been frequently documented in children with spastic cerebral palsy but the contractile behavior of muscles during ambulation is largely unclear. Especially the adaptability of gastrocnemius muscle contraction on sloped surface could be relevant during therapy. METHODS: Medial gastrocnemius contractions were measured during flat-forward, uphill (+12% incline) and backward-downhill (-12% decline) treadmill gait in 15 children with bilateral cerebral palsy, walking in crouch, and 17 typically developing controls (age: 7-16years) by means of ultrasound and motion analysis...
July 2016: Clinical Biomechanics
Stephen E Ryan
Little empirical evidence exists about the effectiveness of assistive technology interventions for children with cerebral palsy (CP) to inform clinical practice. This article reviews what we know about the functional impact of adaptive seating interventions - a common assistive technology type recommended for children with CP. A contemporary assistive technology outcomes framework is considered as a way to model the temporality and measure the effects of seating interventions and moderating cofactors. Three research studies are profiled to illustrate different research methods, measurement approaches, and follow-up periods to learn about adaptive seating outcomes...
March 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Dilek Sahinoğlu, Gürsoy Coskun, Nilgün Bek
BACKGROUND: Adaptive seating supports for cerebral palsy are recommended to develop and maintain optimum posture, and functional use of upper extremities. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effectiveness of different seating adaptations regarding postural alignment and related functions and to investigate the effects of these seating adaptations on different motor levels. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. METHODS: A total of 20 children with spastic cerebral palsy (Gross Motor Function Classification System 3-5) were included...
February 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
Cheri A Blauwet, Daniel Cushman, Carolyn Emery, Stuart E Willick, Nick Webborn, Wayne Derman, Martin Schwellnus, Jaap Stomphorst, Peter Van de Vliet
BACKGROUND: The incidence rates (IRs) and factors associated with injuries in the sport of Paralympic athletics (track and field) have not been comprehensively and prospectively studied. PURPOSE: To determine injury IRs, characteristics of injuries, and associated factors in the sport of athletics at the London 2012 Paralympic Games. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2. METHODS: A total of 977 athletes competing in the sport of athletics were followed over a total 10-day competition period of the Paralympic Games...
June 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Cecilia Lidbeck, Kristina Tedroff, Åsa Bartonek
BACKGROUND: In bilateral cerebral palsy (CP) muscle strength is considered important for development of gross motor functions, but its influence on standing ability has not been explored. Our aims were to examine muscle strength with respect to the ability to stand with (SwS) or without (SwoS) hand support, asymmetrical weight bearing (WB), and whether the ability to produce strength was influenced by different seated conditions. METHODS: In this cross sectional descriptive study standing posture was recorded with 3D motion analysis, and muscle strength was measured with a hand-held dynamometer, in 25 children with bilateral CP, GMFCS levels II-III, SwS (n = 14, median age 11...
2015: BMC Neurology
Mary E Gannotti, Robyn Kimberly Fuchs, Dawn E Roberts, Nedda Hobbs, Ian M Cannon
Children with moderate to severe cerebral palsy are at risk for low bone mass for chronological age, which compounds risk in adulthood for progressive deformity and chronic pain. Physical activity and exercise can be a key component to optimizing bone health. In this case report we present a young adult male with non-ambulatory, spastic quadriplegia CP whom began a seated speed, resistance, and power training exercise program at age 14.5 years. Exercise program continued into adulthood as part of an active lifestyle...
2015: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
Daiane Lazzeri de Medeiros, Josilene Souza Conceição, Maylli Daiani Graciosa, Deyse Borges Koch, Marcio Jose Dos Santos, Lilian Gerdi Kittel Ries
This paper aimed to analyze, from both a kinetic and kinematic perspective, the postural control of children with cerebral palsy (CP) able to independently perform the sit-to-stand (STS) task (ICP) and children who needed support (SCP) typically developing children during the STS; and also investigate the influence of seats heights and foot placement positions on postural control of these children. Fourteen children with CP and fourteen typically developing controls were recruited. Based on the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) the children with CP were divided into ICP (level I) and SCP (levels II and III)...
August 2015: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Sandra Arnold, Danielle Morris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Pediatric Physical Therapy
Kim Lephart, Sandra L Kaplan
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To compare physiological functioning, communication switch activation, and response accuracy in a 19-year-old young man with quadriplegic cerebral palsy and neurological scoliosis using 2 seating systems within the school setting. METHODS: Prospective single-subject alternating treatment design with 2 conditions: baseline phase with standard planar inserts (A1), custom-molded back with original seat (B), and return to baseline (A2). Measures included oxygen saturation (SaO2), heart rate (HR), respiration rate (RR), body temperature (BT), processing time to activate switches, and response accuracy...
2015: Pediatric Physical Therapy
Hwa-Kyung Shin, Eun-Jin Byeon, Seok Hun Kim
BACKGROUND: Respiratory and speech problems are commonly observed in children with cerebral palsy (CP). The purpose of this study was to identify if inclination of seat surface could influence respiratory ability and speech production in children with spastic diplegic CP. METHODS: Sixteen children with spastic diplegic CP, ages 6 to 12 years old, participated in this study. The subjects' respiratory ability (forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1), peak expiratory flow (PEF), and maximum phonation time (MPT)) were measured in three sitting conditions: a seat surface inclined 0°, anterior 15°, and posterior 15°...
2015: Journal of Physiological Anthropology
Mattana Angsupaisal, Carel G B Maathuis, Mijna Hadders-Algra
AIM: The aim of this study was to systematically review the effect of adaptive seating systems (AdSSs) in young people less than 19 years of age with severe cerebral palsy (CP), with particular focus on child-related outcomes across all components of the functioning and disability domains of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health for Children and Youth version (ICF-CY). METHOD: Literature searches of studies published from 1975 to October 2014 were performed...
October 2015: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Yoshimi Asagai
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: It is said that the average frequency of bone fracture in hospitalized children with severe cerebral palsy (unable to remain seated) is 1% (0.2 to 2.0%). Cerebral palsy patients' bones are known to be vulnerable to fracture, and refractory bone atrophy may be observed. However, the effect of low level laser therapy (LLLT) on bone density or bone metabolism has not been fully investigated. In recent years, tests for bone density or bone metabolism markers have become available...
December 27, 2014: Laser Therapy
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