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neonatal developmental care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30402423/neurodevelopmental-prognostic-factors-in-73-neonates-with-the-birth-head-injury
#1
Kyoung Mo Kim, Sung Min Cho, Soo Han Yoon, Yong Cheol Lim, Moon Sung Park, Mi Ran Kim
Objective: The objective of this study was to reinterpret the neurodevelopmental prognostic factors that are associated with birth head injury by performing a long-term follow-up. Methods: Seventy-three neonates with head injuries were retrospectively analyzed after a duration of 10.0±7.3 years to determine the correlations between perinatal factors, including gender, head circumference, gestational age, body weight, and mode of delivery, and head injury factors from radiologic imaging with social, fine motor, language, and motor developmental quotients...
October 2018: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30396419/neonatal-tracheostomy
#2
REVIEW
Jonathan Walsh, Jeffrey Rastatter
Neonatal and infant tracheostomies have been valuable in the care and survival of children over the past century. With the implementation of neonatal and pediatric intensive care units, more infants are surviving conditions that were considered fatal. Neonatal tracheostomy plays a vital role in many of these conditions, with significant implications and association with overall mortality, morbidity, and developmental outcomes. Although the technique has not changed much, there have been significant evolutions in indications, survival, complications, and technological advances...
December 2018: Clinics in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30384032/impact-of-parental-incarceration-on-neonatal-outcomes-and-newborn-home-environments-a-case-control-study
#3
D H Dallaire, A Woodards, C Kelsey
OBJECTIVES: Parental incarceration (PI) is a prevalent adverse childhood experience (ACE) that has been linked to numerous social, emotional, and health problems in childhood and adulthood. A growing body of research has emphasized the importance of the timing of parent's incarceration on developmental outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: The present study uses case-control matching to examine the impact of recent PI on newborn health and home safety outcomes. METHODS: Neonatal health and newborn sleep and home safety data, including rates of premature birth, low birth weight (LBW), neonatal intensive care unit admittance, breastfeeding initiation, safe sleep, and home environment (e...
October 26, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30375661/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-protocolized-music-therapy-demonstrates-developmental-milestone-acquisition-in-hospitalized-infants
#4
L Emery, E Hamm, K Hague, O Chorna, M Moore-Clingenpeel, N L Maitre
AIM: To compare the effectiveness of an intensive-intermittent vs. standard spaced protocolized music therapy intervention on supporting developmental milestone acquisition of infants >44 weeks post-menstrual age (PMA) hospitalized in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). METHOD: This was a comparative effectiveness study of infants 44-66 weeks PMA with a projected NICU stay of at least one month from recruitment. Infants were randomized to one of two treatment groups: traditional therapy (2x/week) and intermittent-intensive (4x/week, off, 4x/week, off)...
October 30, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30375032/randomized-controlled-trial-on-effectiveness-of-mhealth-mobile-smartphone-based-preterm-home-care-program-on-developmental-outcomes-of-preterms-study-protocol
#5
Baby S Nayak, Leslie Edward Lewis, Binu Margaret, Ramesh Bhat Y, Joslin D'Almeida, Tenzin Phagdol
AIM: To describe a randomized controlled trial protocol designed to evaluate the effectiveness of mobile health based Preterm Home Care Program (mHealthPHCP) known as "NeoRaksha" mobile health application in improving parent-infant-interaction, growth and development of preterms. DESIGN: A prospective, randomized controlled clinical trial. The protocol is approved and funded by Department of Biotechnology, Government of India on 2 August 2016. METHODS: A total of 300 preterm-mother dyads admitted to neonatal intensive care unit of a tertiary care hospital will be recruited and randomized to intervention and control group...
October 29, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30366758/hearing-impairment-and-hypoxia-ischaemic-encephalopathy-incidence-and-associated-factors
#6
Michael P Fitzgerald, Adam Reynolds, Cliona Mc Garvey, Gary Norman, Mary D King, Breda C Hayes
OBJECTIVE: To establish the local incidence of hearing loss in newborns with Hypoxic Ischaemic Encephalopathy (HIE) and to identify associated risk factors. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective Cohort Study. Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) dual stage hearing screening protocol, including automated otoacoustic emissions (AOAE) and automated auditory brainstem response (AABR) testing. RESULTS: 57 newborns received therapeutic hypothermia for HIE...
October 10, 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30357263/effect-of-docosahexaenoic-acid-supplementation-vs-placebo-on-developmental-outcomes-of-toddlers-born-preterm-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Sarah A Keim, Kelly M Boone, Mark A Klebanoff, Abigail Norris Turner, Joseph Rausch, Mary Ann Nelin, Lynette K Rogers, Keith Owen Yeates, Leif Nelin, Kelly W Sheppard
Importance: Intake of dietary docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) among toddlers is low. Supplementation may benefit developmental outcomes of toddlers who were born preterm. Objective: To determine whether 6 months of daily DHA supplementation improves developmental outcomes of toddlers who were born preterm. Design, Setting, and Participants: A randomized, fully masked, placebo-controlled trial was conducted from April 26, 2012, to March 24, 2017, at a large US pediatric academic center with 9 neonatal intensive care units...
October 22, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30352634/content-validity-of-the-developmental-care-scale-for-neonates-with-chd
#8
Sara Burke, Elaine Miller, Tamilyn Bakas, David Cooper
PurposeNeuroprotective developmental care is paramount for neonates with CHD. Although several developmental care scales exist, either they have not been psychometrically tested or were not designed for the needs of neonates with CHD. The purpose of this study is to describe item development and content validity testing of the developmental care scale for neonates with CHD, which measures five domains of the developmental care provided by bedside nurses to neonates in the cardiac ICU: sleep, pain and stress management, activities of daily living, family-centred care, and environment...
October 24, 2018: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30342897/late-preterm-births-new-insights-from-neonatal-neuroimaging-and-neurobehaviour
#9
REVIEW
Jeanie Ling Yoong Cheong, Deanne Kim Thompson, Joy Elizabeth Olsen, Alicia Jane Spittle
With increasing evidence of neurodevelopmental problems faced by late preterm children, there is a need to explore possible underlying brain structural changes. The use of brain magnetic resonance imaging has provided insights of smaller and less mature brains in infants born late preterm, associated with developmental delay at 2 years. Another useful tool in the newborn period is neurobehavioural assessment, which has also been shown to be suboptimal in late preterm infants compared with tern infants. Suboptimal neurobehaviour is also associated with poorer 2-year neurodevelopment in late preterm infants...
October 14, 2018: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30337465/impact-of-prenatal-exercise-on-neonatal-and-childhood-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Margie H Davenport, Victoria L Meah, Stephanie-May Ruchat, Gregory A Davies, Rachel J Skow, Nick Barrowman, Kristi B Adamo, Veronica J Poitras, Casey E Gray, Alejandra Jaramillo Garcia, Frances Sobierajski, Laurel Riske, Marina James, Amariah J Kathol, Megan Nuspl, Andree-Anne Marchand, Taniya S Nagpal, Linda G Slater, Ashley Weeks, Ruben Barakat, Michelle F Mottola
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify the relationship between maternal prenatal exercise and birth complications, and neonatal and childhood morphometric, metabolic and developmental outcomes. DESIGN: Systematic review with random-effects meta-analysis and meta-regression. DATA SOURCES: Online databases were searched up to 6 January 2017. STUDY ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Studies of all designs were eligible (except case studies and reviews) if published in English, Spanish or French, and contained information on the relevant population (pregnant women without contraindication to exercise), intervention (subjective/objective measures of frequency, intensity, duration, volume or type of exercise, alone ('exercise-only') or in combination with other intervention components (eg, dietary; 'exercise+cointervention')), comparator (no exercise or different frequency, intensity, duration, volume, type or trimester of exercise) and outcomes (preterm birth, gestational age at delivery, birth weight, low birth weight (<2500 g), high birth weight (>4000 g), small for gestational age, large for gestational age, intrauterine growth restriction, neonatal hypoglycaemia, metabolic acidosis (cord blood pH, base excess), hyperbilirubinaemia, Apgar scores, neonatal intensive care unit admittance, shoulder dystocia, brachial plexus injury, neonatal body composition (per cent body fat, body weight, body mass index (BMI), ponderal index), childhood obesity (per cent body fat, body weight, BMI) and developmental milestones (including cognitive, psychosocial, motor skills))...
November 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30326720/the-hearing-screening-experiences-and-practices-of-primary-health-care-nurses-indications-for-referral-based-on-high-risk-factors-and-community-views-about-hearing-loss
#11
Nasim B Khan, Lavanithum Joseph, Miriam Adhikari
BACKGROUND:  In South Africa, primary health care is the first point of contact with the health system for at least 85% of the population, yet early hearing detection and intervention continues to be elusive in these settings. Nurses at community level may, therefore, be missing an opportunity to identify prelingual infants with hearing losses and alter their developmental trajectory. AIM:  To determine primary health care nurses' experiences, practices and beliefs regarding hearing loss in infants...
October 10, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30322936/birth-delivery-mode-alters-perinatal-cell-death-in-the-mouse-brain
#12
Alexandra Castillo-Ruiz, Morgan Mosley, Andrew J Jacobs, Yarely C Hoffiz, Nancy G Forger
Labor and a vaginal delivery trigger changes in peripheral organs that prepare the mammalian fetus to survive ex utero. Surprisingly little attention has been given to whether birth also influences the brain, and to how alterations in birth mode affect neonatal brain development. These are important questions, given the high rates of cesarean section (C-section) delivery worldwide, many of which are elective. We examined the effect of birth mode on neuronal cell death, a widespread developmental process that occurs primarily during the first postnatal week in mice...
October 15, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30316701/neurobehavioral-and-oxidative-stress-alterations-following-methylmercury-and-retinyl-palmitate-co-administration-in-pregnant-and-lactating-rats-and-their-offspring
#13
Pedro Espitia-Pérez, Suelen Marin Albino, Lyda Espitia-Pérez, Hugo Brango, Helen da Rosa, Alexandre Kleber Silveira, Diogo Pompéu Moraes, Camila Cerveira, Moara Mingori, Camila Tiefensee Ribeiro, Daniel Pens Gelain, Carlos Eduardo Schnorr, José Cláudio Fonseca Moreira
Fish consumption and ubiquitous methylmercury (MeHg) exposure represent a public health problem globally. Micronutrients presented in fish affects MeHg uptake/distribution. Vitamin A (VitA), another fish micronutrient is used in nutritional supplementation, especially during pregnancy. However, there is no information about the health effects arising from their combined exposure. The present study aimed to examine the effects of both MeHg and retinyl palmitate administered to pregnant and lactating rats. Thirty Wistar female rats were orally supplemented with MeHg (0,5 mg/Kg/day) and retinyl palmitate (7500 μg RAE1 /Kg/day), either individually or in combination from the gestational day 0 to weaning...
October 11, 2018: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30299031/outcomes-of-infants-born-near-term-not-quite-ready-for-the-big-wide-world
#14
Elaine M Boyle, Ranveer S Sanghera
Until recently, there has been a strongly held belief on the part of neonatal and paediatric clinicians that outcomes for infants born close to term are not different from those of babies born at full term. In the last decade, however, this assumption has been challenged by reports suggesting that this is not correct, and highlighting differences in morbidity and mortality both in the short and long term. This has led to development of new terminology to more accurately reflect the impact of immaturity associated with birth at 32-33 weeks (moderately preterm) and 34-36 weeks (late preterm) of gestation...
October 4, 2018: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30284883/family-nurture-intervention-for-preterm-infants-facilitates-positive-mother-infant-face-to-face-engagement-at-4-months
#15
Beatrice Beebe, Michael M Myers, Sang Han Lee, Adrianne Lange, Julie Ewing, Nataliya Rubinchik, Howard Andrews, Judy Austin, Amie Hane, Amy E Margolis, Myron Hofer, Robert J Ludwig, Martha G Welch
Although preterm infants are at risk for social deficits, interventions to improve mother-infant interaction in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) are not part of standard care (SC). Study participants were a subset from a randomized controlled trial of a new intervention for premature infants, the Family Nurture Intervention (FNI), designed to help mothers and infants establish an emotional connection. At infants' 4 months corrected age, mother-infant face-to-face interaction was filmed and coded on a 1-s time base for mother touch, infant vocal affect, mother gaze, and infant gaze...
November 2018: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30242271/hierarchical-and-stage-specific-regulation-of-murine-cardiomyocyte-maturation-by-serum-response-factor
#16
Yuxuan Guo, Blake D Jardin, Pingzhu Zhou, Isha Sethi, Brynn N Akerberg, Christopher N Toepfer, Yulan Ai, Yifei Li, Qing Ma, Silvia Guatimosim, Yongwu Hu, Grigor Varuzhanyan, Nathan J VanDusen, Donghui Zhang, David C Chan, Guo-Cheng Yuan, Christine E Seidman, Jonathan G Seidman, William T Pu
After birth, cardiomyocytes (CM) acquire numerous adaptations in order to efficiently pump blood throughout an animal's lifespan. How this maturation process is regulated and coordinated is poorly understood. Here, we perform a CRISPR/Cas9 screen in mice and identify serum response factor (SRF) as a key regulator of CM maturation. Mosaic SRF depletion in neonatal CMs disrupts many aspects of their maturation, including sarcomere expansion, mitochondrial biogenesis, transverse-tubule formation, and cellular hypertrophy...
September 21, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30242269/sources-of-clinically-significant-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-phthalate-exposure
#17
Annemarie Stroustrup, Jennifer B Bragg, Stefanie A Busgang, Syam S Andra, Paul Curtin, Emily A Spear, Allan C Just, Manish Arora, Chris Gennings
In the United States each year, more than 300,000 infants are admitted to neonatal intensive care units (NICU) where they are exposed to a chemical-intensive hospital environment during a developmentally vulnerable period. Although multiple studies have demonstrated elevated phthalate biomarkers in NICU patients, specific sources of NICU-based phthalate exposure have not been identified.In this study, premature newborns with birth weight <1500 g were recruited to participate in a prospective environmental health cohort during the NICU hospitalization...
September 21, 2018: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30224325/long-term-developmental-effects-of-withholding-parenteral-nutrition-for-1-week-in-the-paediatric-intensive-care-unit-a-2-year-follow-up-of-the-pepanic-international-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Sören Verstraete, Sascha C Verbruggen, José A Hordijk, Ilse Vanhorebeek, Karolijn Dulfer, Fabian Güiza, Esther van Puffelen, An Jacobs, Sandra Leys, Astrid Durt, Hanna Van Cleemput, Renate D Eveleens, Gonzalo Garcia Guerra, Pieter J Wouters, Koen F Joosten, Greet Van den Berghe
BACKGROUND: The paediatric early versus late parenteral nutrition in critical illness (PEPaNIC) multicentre, randomised, controlled trial showed that, compared with early parenteral nutrition, withholding supplemental parenteral nutrition for 1 week in the paediatric intensive care unit (PICU; late parenteral nutrition) reduced infections and accelerated recovery from critical illness in children. We aimed to investigate the long-term impact on physical and neurocognitive development of early versus late parenteral nutrition...
September 14, 2018: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30190180/hammersmith-infant-neurological-examination-asymmetry-score-detects-hemiplegic-cerebral-palsy-from-typical-development
#19
Krystal Hay, MaryAnn Nelin, Helen Carey, Olena Chorna, Melissa Moore-Clingenpeel Ma Mas, Nathalie Maitre
BACKGROUND: The Hammersmith Infant Neurological Examination is one of several useful tools for early identification of cerebral palsy; however, cut-off scores for cerebral palsy do not consistently distinguish infants with hemiplegia from those typically developing. We hypothesized that use of an asymmetry score, in addition to the assessment's standard total cutoff score, could remedy this problem in a clinical setting. METHODS: This retrospective study of a neonatal intensive care follow-up program with consistent clinical use of the Hammersmith Infant Neurological Examination matched infants with a diagnosis of cerebral palsy to infants without motor delays or evidence of neurodevelopmental impairments...
July 25, 2018: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30173174/cerebral-autoregulation-in-neonates-with-and-without-congenital-heart-disease
#20
Nhu N Tran, S Ram Kumar, Felicia S Hodge, Paul M Macey
BACKGROUND: Congenital heart disease (CHD) is a leading birth defect in the United States, affecting about 40 000 neonates each year. Despite efforts to prevent developmental delays, many children with CHD have neurological deficits that last into adulthood, influencing employability, self-care, and quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To determine if neonates with CHD have impaired cerebral autoregulation and poorer neurodevelopmental outcomes compared with healthy controls...
September 2018: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
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