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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292745/cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-training-in-schools-following-8%C3%A2-years-of-mandating-legislation-in-denmark-a-nationwide-survey
#1
Carolina Malta Hansen, Line Zinckernagel, Annette Kjær Ersbøll, Tine Tjørnhøj-Thomsen, Mads Wissenberg, Freddy Knudsen Lippert, Peter Weeke, Gunnar Hilmar Gislason, Lars Køber, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Fredrik Folke
BACKGROUND: School cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training has become mandatory in many countries, but whether legislation has translated into implementation of CPR training is largely unknown. We assessed CPR training of students following 8 years of legislative mandates in Denmark. METHODS AND RESULTS: A nationwide cross-sectional survey of Danish school leadership (n=1240) and ninth-grade homeroom teachers (n=1381) was carried out for school year 2013-2014...
March 14, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288975/lay-bystanders-perspectives-on-what-facilitates-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-and-use-of-automated-external-defibrillators-in-real-cardiac-arrests
#2
Carolina Malta Hansen, Simone Mørk Rosenkranz, Fredrik Folke, Line Zinckernagel, Tine Tjørnhøj-Thomsen, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Kathrine B Sondergaard, Graham Nichol, Morten Hulvej Rod
BACKGROUND: Many patients who suffer an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest will fail to receive bystander intervention (cardiopulmonary resuscitation [CPR] or defibrillation) despite widespread CPR training and the dissemination of automated external defibrillators (AEDs). We sought to investigate what factors encourage lay bystanders to initiate CPR and AED use in a cohort of bystanders previously trained in CPR techniques who were present at an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. METHODS AND RESULTS: One-hundred and twenty-eight semistructured qualitative interviews with CPR-trained lay bystanders to consecutive out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, where an AED was present were conducted (from January 2012 to April 2015, in Denmark)...
March 13, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280405/clinical-training-in-medical-students-during-preclinical-years-in-the-skill-lab
#3
Namrata Upadhayay
BACKGROUND: In Nepal, medical education is a high-stakes and stressful course. To enhance learning and minimize students' stress, the conventional method has been replaced by integrated, student-centered learning. As an approach to train effectively, colleges have started establishing skill labs. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of clinical skill training on exam performance as compared with the conventional teaching practice. Further, to assess the perceptions of students of the importance of skill lab training in college...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242210/cpr-quality-during-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-transport
#4
Sheldon Cheskes, Adam Byers, Cathy Zhan, P Richard Verbeek, Dennis Ko, Ian R Drennan, Jason E Buick, Steven C Brooks, Steve Lin, Ahmed Taher, Laurie J Morrison
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated significant associations between cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) quality metrics and survival to hospital discharge. No adequately powered study has explored the relationship between location of resuscitation (scene vs. transport) and CPR quality. METHODS: We analyzed CPR quality data from treated adult OHCA occurring over a 40 month period beginning January 1, 2013 from the Rescu Epistry-cardiac arrest database...
February 24, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236428/targeted-simulation-and-education-to-improve-cardiac-arrest-recognition-and-telephone-assisted-cpr-in-an-emergency-medical-communication-centre
#5
Camilla Hardeland, Christiane Skåre, Jo Kramer-Johansen, Tonje S Birkenes, Helge Myklebust, Andreas E Hansen, Kjetil Sunde, Theresa M Olasveengen
AIM: Recognition of cardiac arrest and prompt activation time by emergency medical dispatch are key process measures that have been associated with improved survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). The aim of this study is to improve recognition of OHCA and time to initiation of telephone assisted chest compressions in an emergency medical communication centre (EMCC). METHODS: A prospective, interventional study implementing targeted interventions in an EMCC...
February 21, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228110/a-nationwide-survey-of-first-aid-training-and-encounters-in-norway
#6
Håkon Kvåle Bakke, Tine Steinvik, Johan Angell, Torben Wisborg
BACKGROUND: Bystander first aid can improve survival following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest or trauma. Thus, providing first aid education to laypersons may lead to better outcomes. In this study, we aimed to establish the prevalence and distribution of first aid training in the populace, how often first aid skills are needed, and self-reported helping behaviour. METHODS: We conducted a telephone survey of 1000 respondents who were representative of the Norwegian population...
February 23, 2017: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150278/the-quality-of-a-newly-developed-infant-chest-compression-method-applied-by-paramedics-a-randomized-crossover-manikin-trial
#7
Jacek Smereka, Mariusz Kasinski, Adam Smereka, Jerzy Robert Ładny, Łukasz Szarpak
BACKGROUND: The etiology of sudden cardiac arrest in infants is different from that in adults, with respiratory failure, sudden infant death syndrome, and drowning being the primary causes in the former. According to the European Resuscitation Council (ERC) and American Heart Association (AHA) recommendations, the quality of chest compressions (CC) is a key element affecting the effectiveness of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). The current ERC and AHA guidelines recommend the 'two-finger technique' (TFT) or 'two-thumb encircling hands technique' (TTHT) for external CCs during infant CPR...
February 2, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147415/improving-survival-after-cardiac-arrest
#8
Conrad Arnfinn Bjørshol, Eldar Søreide
Each year, approximately half a million people suffer out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (CA) in Europe: The majority die. Survival after CA varies greatly between regions and countries. The authors give an overview of the important elements necessary to promote improved survival after CA as a function of the chain of survival and formula for survival concepts. The chain of survival incorporates bystanders (who identify warning symptoms, call the emergency dispatch center, initiate cardiopulmonary resuscitation [CPR]), dispatchers (who identify CA, and instruct and reassure the caller), first responders (who provide high-quality CPR, early defibrillation), paramedics and other prehospital care providers (who continue high-quality CPR, and provide timely defibrillation and advanced life support, transport to CA center), and hospitals (targeted temperature management, percutaneous coronary intervention, delayed prognostication)...
February 2017: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129866/cpr-training-in-schools
#9
Stephen R Daniels
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123615/cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-knowledge-and-attitude-among-general-dentists-in-kuwait
#10
Sarah A Alkandari, Lolwa Alyahya, Mohammed Abdulwahab
BACKGROUND: Dentists as health care providers should maintain a competence in resuscitation. This cannot be overemphasized by the fact that the population in our country is living longer with an increasing proportion of medically compromised persons in the general population. This preliminary study aimed to assess the knowledge and attitude of general dentists towards cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 250 licensed general dental practitioners working in ministry of health...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123614/the-association-of-layperson-characteristics-with-the-quality-of-simulated-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-performance
#11
Marion Leary, David G Buckler, Daniel J Ikeda, Daiane A Saraiva, Robert A Berg, Vinay M Nadkarni, Audrey L Blewer, Benjamin S Abella
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the association of layperson characteristics with cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) provision. Previous studies suggested provider characteristics, including age and gender, were associated with CPR quality, particularly chest compression (CC) depth. We sought to determine the association of subject characteristics, including age and gender with layperson CPR quality during an unannounced simulated CPR event. We hypothesized shallower CC depth in females, and older-aged subjects...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123315/attitude-and-skill-levels-of-graduate-health-professionals-in-performing-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#12
Endale Gebreegziabher Gebremedhn, Gebremedhn Berhe Gebregergs, Bernard Bradley Anderson, Vidhya Nagaratnam
BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an emergency procedure used to treat victims following cardiopulmonary arrest. Graduate health professionals at the University of Gondar Teaching Hospital manage many trauma and critically ill patients. The chance of survival after cardiopulmonary arrest may be increased with sufficient attitude and skill levels. The study aimed to assess the attitude and skill levels of graduate health professionals in performing CPR. METHODS: A hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted from May 1 to 30, 2013, at the University of Gondar Teaching Hospital...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116931/-at-what-age-can-children-perform-effective-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-effectiveness-of-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-skills-among-primary-school-children
#13
Bálint Bánfai, Attila Pandur, Emese Pék, Henrietta Csonka, József Betlehem
INTRODUCTION: In cardiac arrest life can be saved by bystanders. AIM: Our aim was to determine at what age can schoolchildren perform correct cardiopulmonary resuscitation. METHOD: 164 schoolchildren (age 7-14) were involved in the study. A basic life support training consisted of 45 minutes education in small groups (8-10 children). They were tested during a 2-minute-long continuous cardiopulmonary resuscitation scenario using the "AMBU CPR Software"...
January 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115027/real-time-visual-feedback-during-training-improves-laypersons-cpr-quality-a-randomized-controlled-manikin-study
#14
Enrico Baldi, Stefano Cornara, Enrico Contri, Francesco Epis, Dario Fina, Beatrice Zelaschi, Cinzia Dossena, Ferdinando Fichtner, Michela Tonani, Marzia Di Maggio, Elisa Zambaiti, Alberto Somaschini
OBJECTIVE: The chances of surviving an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest depend on early and high-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Our aim is to verify whether the use of feedback devices during laypersons' CPR training improves chest compression quality. METHODS: Laypersons totalling 450 participating in Basic Life Support and Automated External Defibrillation (BLS/AED) courses were randomly divided into three groups: group No Feedback (NF) attended a course without any feedback, group Short Feedback (SF) a course with 1-minute training with real-time visual feedback, and group Long Feedback (LF) a course with 10-minute training with real-time visual feedback...
January 24, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113258/an-enhanced-adaptive-filtering-method-for-suppressing-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-artifact
#15
Yushun Gong, Peng Gao, Liang Wei, Chenxi Dai, Lei Zhang, Yongqin Li
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) must be interrupted for reliable rhythm analysis in current automatic external defibrillators (AEDs) because of artifacts produced by chest compressions. However, interruptions in CPR adversely affect the restoration of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) and survival. Suppressing CPR artifacts by digital signal processing techniques is a promising method to enable rhythm analysis during chest compressions, which would eliminate CPR interruptions for rhythm analysis. Although numerous methods have been developed to suppress CPR artifacts, the accuracy of rhythm analysis is still inadequate due to the residual artifact components in the filtered signal...
May 6, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112611/irrational-exuberance-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-as-fetish
#16
Philip M Rosoff, Lawrence J Schneiderman
The Institute of Medicine and the American Heart Association have issued a "call to action" to expand the performance of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in response to out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Widespread advertising campaigns have been created to encourage more members of the lay public to undergo training in the technique of closed-chest compression-only CPR, based upon extolling the virtues of rapid initiation of resuscitation, untempered by information about the often distressing outcomes, and hailing the "improved" results when nonprofessional bystanders are involved...
February 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104323/comparison-between-dispatcher-assisted-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-cpr-and-cpr-by-trained-bystanders
#17
Je Hyeok Oh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 13, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093867/paramedic-resuscitation-competency-a-survey-of-australian-and-new-zealand-emergency-medical-services
#18
Kylie Dyson, Janet E Bray, Karen Smith, Stephen Bernard, Lahn Straney, Judith Finn
OBJECTIVE: We have previously established that paramedic exposure to out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is relatively rare, therefore clinical exposure cannot be relied on to maintain resuscitation competency. We aimed to identify the current practices within emergency medical services (EMS) for developing and maintaining paramedic resuscitation competency. METHODS: We developed and conducted an online cross-sectional survey of Australian and New Zealand EMS in 2015...
January 16, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088757/challenges-in-neonatal-transport-in-jamaica-a-resource-limited-setting
#19
Salome Henry, Helen Trotman
AIM: This study aimed to determine challenges associated with neonatal transport in Jamaica, a resource-limited setting. METHODS: This was a prospective descriptive study of neonates transported to the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI) over a 15 month period. Data on the clinical status of the neonates before, during and at the end of transport, as well as on accompanying staff and equipment, were collected. Neonatal demographics, reason for transfer and outcome at 48 h and at discharge were also collected...
January 14, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087894/public-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-training-rates-and-awareness-of-hands-only-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-victorians
#20
Janet E Bray, Karen Smith, Rosalind Case, Susie Cartledge, Lahn Straney, Judith Finn
OBJECTIVES: To provide contemporary Australian data on the public's training in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and awareness of hands-only CPR. METHODS: A cross-sectional telephone survey in April 2016 of adult residents of the Australian state of Victoria was conducted. Primary outcomes were rates of CPR training and awareness of hands-only CPR. RESULTS: Of the 404 adults surveyed (mean age 55 ± 17 years, 59% female, 73% metropolitan residents), 274 (68%) had undergone CPR training...
January 13, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
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