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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235738/twenty-year-trends-of-survival-after-in-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#1
Jad Khatib, Naama Schwartz, Naiel Bisharat
BACKGROUND: In 2006, the Israeli Ministry of Health distributed guidelines for improving cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) knowledge among hospital staff. The impact of these guidelines on survival after in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To compare rates of incidence and survival to discharge after IHCA, preceding and subsequent to issuance of the guidelines: 1995-2005 and 2006-2015. METHODS: Data were retrieved from the computerized records of patients who had an IHCA and underwent CPR...
December 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217853/comprehensive-cardiopulmonary-life-support-ccls-for-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-by-trained-paramedics-and-medics-inside-the-hospital
#2
Rakesh Garg, Syed Moied Ahmed, Mukul Chandra Kapoor, Ssc Chakra Rao, Bibhuti Bhusan Mishra, M Venkatagiri Kalandoor, Baljit Singh, Jigeeshu Vasishtha Divatia
The cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) guideline of comprehensive cardiopulmonary life support (CCLS) for management of the patient with cardiopulmonary arrest in adults provides an algorithmic step-wise approach for optimal outcome of the patient inside the hospital by trained medics and paramedics. This guideline has been developed considering the infrastructure of healthcare delivery system in India. This is based on evidence in the international and national literature. In the absence of data from the Indian population, the extrapolation has been made from international data, discussed with Indian experts and modified accordingly to ensure their applicability in India...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217152/advanced-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-cpr-in-the-catheterization-laboratory-consensus-document-of-the-working-groups-of-1-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-acute-cardiac-care-and-2-hemodynamic-and-interventional-cardiology-hellenic-cardiological-society
#3
George Latsios, George Mpompotis, Kostas Tsioufis, Kostas Toutouzas, Emmanouil Skalidis, Andreas Synetos, Dimosthenis Avramidis, Dimitris Tousoulis
The incidence of Cardiac (Cardio-Pulmonary) Arrest (CA) in the Catheterization Laboratory is not common. However, not only does it happen occasionally but its frequency tends to increase due to the increase in the overall number and complexity of interventions performed by interventional cardiologists. Therefore, certified knowledge and application of the ALS (Advanced Life Support) protocols by trained Catheterization Laboratory staff is imperative in many countries, by local Hospital standards and also by Law...
December 4, 2017: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191721/changes-in-the-use-of-intensive-and-supportive-procedures-for-patients-with-stroke-in-taiwan-in-the-last-month-of-life-between-2000-and-2010
#4
Pei-Yi Wang, Yen-Ni Hung, Robert Smith, Chia-Chin Lin
CONTEXT: Stroke is the second leading cause of death and the primary cause of disability worldwide. It is uncertain what care patients with stroke receive in their end of life care and what trends in care are in recent years. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the changes in the use of intensive and supportive procedures received by Taiwanese stroke patients in their last month of life during 2000-2010. METHODS: Analysis of claims data of 55,930 patients with stroke obtained from the National Health Insurance Research Database were performed to investigate the changes in the use of intensive and supportive procedures for Taiwanese stroke patients in their last month of life during 2000-2010...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175356/point-of-care-ultrasound-use-in-patients-with-cardiac-arrest-is-associated-prolonged-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-pauses-a-prospective-cohort-study
#5
Eben J Clattenburg, Peter Wroe, Stephen Brown, Kevin Gardner, Lia Losonczy, Amandeep Singh, Arun Nagdev
OBJECTIVE: We aim to evaluate if point-of-care ultrasound use in cardiac arrest is associated with CPR pause duration. METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study of patients with cardiac arrest (CA) presenting to an urban emergency department from July 2016 to January 2017. We collected video recordings of patients with CA in designated code rooms with video recording equipment. The CAs recordings were reviewed and coded by two abstractors. The primary outcome was the difference CPR pause duration when POCUS was and was not performed...
November 23, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172687/european-cardiovascular-nurses-and-allied-professionals-knowledge-and-practical-skills-regarding-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#6
Trond R Pettersen, Jan Mårtensson, Åsa Axelsson, Marianne Jørgensen, Anna Strömberg, David Thompson, Tone M Norekvål
PURPOSE: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) remains a cornerstone in the treatment of cardiac arrest, and is directly linked to survival rates. Nurses are often first responders and need to be skilled in the performance of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. As cardiopulmonary resuscitation skills deteriorate rapidly, the purpose of this study was to investigate whether there was an association between participants' cardiopulmonary resuscitation training and their practical cardiopulmonary resuscitation test results...
November 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170339/42%C3%A2-assessing-factors-affecting-the-quality-of-chest-compressions-during-training-for-laypersons-using-a-novel-cprcard
#7
Zariel Sim, Alexander Elgin White, Win Wah, Steven Mj Ready, Nurul Asyikin Mohd Jalil, Han Xian Ng, Marcus Eh Ong
OBJECTIVE: The quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) has been shown to affect the survival of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest cases (OHCA). There are various individual factors that can affect the quality of chest compression. We aimed to determine if age, gender and physical attributes (height, weight and BMI) affected the quality of chest compressions administered by laypersons during training. DESIGN AND METHODS: The CPRcard™ is a novel device that captures and provides real-time visual feedback on chest compression quality through a 2 metre display...
December 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169477/cpr-instruction-in-u-s-high-schools-what-is-the-state-in-the-nation
#8
REVIEW
Lorrel E Brown, Carlos Lynes, Travis Carroll, Henry Halperin
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training in high schools is required by law in the majority of U.S. states. However, laws differ from state to state, and it is unknown how this legislation is being enacted. The authors sent a cross-sectional, closed survey to educational superintendents in 32 states with CPR laws in June 2016. The authors subsequently performed direct examination and categorization of CPR legislation in 39 states (several states passed legislation as of September 2017). Survey results indicated differing practices with regard to CPR instruction in areas such as course content (63% perform automated external defibrillator training), instructor (47% used CPR-certified teachers/coaches, 30% used other CPR-certified instructors, 11% used noncertified teachers/coaches), and method (7% followed American Red Cross methods, 55% followed American Heart Association methods)...
November 28, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167910/easy-to-learn-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-training-programme-a-randomised-controlled-trial-on-laypeople-s-resuscitation-performance
#9
Rachel Jia Min Ko, Swee Han Lim, Vivien Xi Wu, Tak Yam Leong, Sok Ying Liaw
INTRODUCTION: Simplifying the learning of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is advocated to improve skill acquisition and retention. A simplified CPR training programme focusing on continuous chest compression, with a simple landmark tracing technique, was introduced to laypeople. The study aimed to examine the effectiveness of the simplified CPR training in improving lay rescuers' CPR performance as compared to standard CPR. METHODS: 85 laypeople (aged 21-60 years) were recruited and randomly assigned to undertake either a two-hour simplified CPR training or standard CPR training...
November 13, 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152687/utility-of-low-fidelity-manikins-for-learning-high-quality-chest-compressions
#10
Meenakshi Girish, Alka Rawekar, Sujo Jose, Umesh Chaudhari, Girish Nanoti
OBJECTIVES: Primarily, to measure the adequacy of chest compression depth after training on low fidelity manikins and secondarily to assess the comparative experience of the learners on high fidelity and low fidelity simulators. METHODS: An observational cohort study in which seventy-two first year postgraduate students underwent a Basic Life Support (BLS) workshop conducted by AHA accredited BLS trainers and they were then required to perform on a high fidelity manikin to objectively record the quality of their performance...
November 20, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143314/skills-among-young-and-elderly-laypersons-during-simulated-dispatcher-assisted-cpr-and-after-cpr-training
#11
M A Nebsbjerg, S E Rasmussen, K B Bomholt, L Q Krogh, K Krogh, J A Povlsen, I S Riddervold, T Grøfte, H Kirkegaard, B Løfgren
BACKGROUND: Dispatcher assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation (DA-CPR) increase the rate of bystander CPR. The aim of the study was to compare the performance of DA-CPR and attainable skills following CPR training between young and elderly laypersons. METHODS: Volunteer laypersons (young: 18-40 years; elderly: > 65 years) participated. Single rescuer CPR was performed in a simulated DA-CPR cardiac arrest scenario and after CPR training. Data were obtained from a manikin and from video recordings...
November 15, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131292/in-hospital-sudden-cardiac-arrest-protocol-analysis
#12
Adrianna Jagosz, Dominika Bursy, Aneta Sobon, Pawel Kiczmer, Maja Copik, Szymon Bialka, Jacek Smereka, Hanna Misiolek, Łukasz Szarpak
BACKGROUND: In-hospital sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) is an event that is linked to high mortality. Data analysis of SCA and the course of in-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) allows for its better understanding and improvement. AIM: Analysis of cases of SCA and the procedures taken by the medical staff of University Hospital. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 104 protocols of SCA, from May 2014 to December 2015. Actions taken by medical staff before the arrival of the resuscitation team (RT) and RT proceedings...
November 13, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123601/education-in-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-in-russia-a-systematic-review-of-the-available-evidence
#13
REVIEW
Alexei Birkun, Maksim Glotov
BACKGROUND: To summarise and appraise cumulative published scientific evidence relevant to cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) education in Russia. DATA RESOURCES: We searched Medline, Scopus, Science Direct and Russian Science Citation Index databases from December 1991 to December 2016 to identify studies pertaining to the field of CPR education that were carried out by Russian researchers and/or investigated the topic of interest for Russia/Russian population...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107674/children-saving-lives-training-towards-cpr-excellence-levels-in-chest-compression-based-on-age-and-physical-characteristics
#14
Nicolas Mpotos, Peter Iserbyt
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization's endorsement of the "Kids save lives" statement fosters the implementation of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training for school children worldwide. However, not every child achieves and maintains the recommended chest compression depth of 5-6cm. PURPOSE: To investigate the variability in compression depth for three age groups (grade 1: 12-14; grade 2: 14-16; grade 3: 16-18 years) as a function of physical characteristics and to define minimal compression excellence levels for training...
December 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076969/compatibility-of-zoll-defibrillators-in-simulation-based-training
#15
Jamie Leigh Shoemaker, Olivia T Duty, Kenneth J Martin, Gary L Geis
INTRODUCTION: In response to the need for high-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) during cardiac arrest, our institution recently purchased ZOLL R Series monitor/defibrillators. This defibrillator provides CPR quality metrics and displays a filtered rhythm through compressions. Purchase of this defibrillator resulted in a practice change and heavily impacted our simulation-based training courses by requiring providers to practice CPR and defibrillation in as close to the real environment as possible...
October 25, 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993522/cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-on-television-are-we-miseducating-the-public
#16
Michael Colwill, Charlotte Somerville, Eric Lindberg, Caroline Williams, James Bryan, Ted Welman
BACKGROUND: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survival rates in the UK are poor, and non-medically trained individuals have been identified to perform substandard cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Millions watch televised medical dramas and, for many, these comprise their only education on CPR. This study aims to investigate the quality of CPR portrayed on these programmes and whether this has an effect on public knowledge. METHODS: Prospective observational study of 30 consecutive episodes of three popular medical dramas...
October 9, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979980/association-of-public-health-initiatives-with-outcomes-for-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-at-home-and-in-public-locations
#17
Christopher B Fordyce, Carolina M Hansen, Kristian Kragholm, Matthew E Dupre, James G Jollis, Mayme L Roettig, Lance B Becker, Steen M Hansen, Tomoya T Hinohara, Claire C Corbett, Lisa Monk, R Darrell Nelson, David A Pearson, Clark Tyson, Sean van Diepen, Monique L Anderson, Bryan McNally, Christopher B Granger
Importance: Little is known about the influence of comprehensive public health initiatives according to out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) location, particularly at home, where resuscitation efforts and outcomes have historically been poor. Objective: To describe temporal trends in bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and first-responder defibrillation for OHCAs stratified by home vs public location and their association with survival and neurological outcomes...
November 1, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974344/the-school-lifesavers-study-a-randomised-controlled-trial-comparing-the-impact-of-lifesaver-only-face-to-face-training-only-and-lifesaver-with-face-to-face-training-on-cpr-knowledge-skills-and-attitudes-in-uk-school-children
#18
Joyce Yeung, Ivor Kovic, Marija Vidacic, Emma Skilton, Dan Higgins, Teresa Melody, Andrew Lockey
BACKGROUND: Lifesaver (www.life-saver.org.uk) is an immersive, interactive game that can be used for basic life support training. Users 'resuscitate' a victim of cardiac arrest in a filmed scenario and move their device up and down to simulate cardiac compressions. METHODS: Randomised controlled trial of 3 UK schools (81 students) comparing Lifesaver, face-to-face (F2F) training, and a combination of both. Primary outcomes: mean chest compression rate and depth...
August 27, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974343/high-school-cpr-training-it-s-only-an-app-away
#19
EDITORIAL
Sheldon Cheskes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968304/dispatcher-assisted-telephone-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-using-a-french-language-compression-ventilation-pediatric-protocol
#20
Michael Peters, Samuel Stipulante, Anne-Sophie Delfosse, Katarina Schumacher, André Mulder, Frédéric Lebrun, Anne-Françoise Donneau, Alexandre Ghuysen
OBJECTIVE: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in pediatrics is a devastating event associated with poor survival rates. Although telephone dispatcher-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR; T-CPR) instructions improve the frequency and quality of bystander CPR for OHCA in adults, this support remains undeveloped in children. Our objective was to assess the effectiveness of a pediatric T-CPR protocol in untrained and trained bystanders. Secondarily, we sought to determine the feasibility and the effectiveness of ventilation in such a protocol...
October 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
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