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Cpr training

Mun Ki Min, Seok Ran Yeom, Ji Ho Ryu, Yong In Kim, Maeng Real Park, Sang Kyoon Han, Seong Hwa Lee, Sung Wook Park, Soon Chang Park
OBJECTIVE: We compared training using a voice advisory manikin (VAM) with an instructor-led (IL) course in terms of acquisition of initial cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) skills, as defined by the 2010 resuscitation guidelines. METHODS: This study was a randomized, controlled, blinded, parallel-group trial. We recruited 82 first-year emergency medical technician students and distributed them randomly into two groups: the IL group (n=41) and the VAM group (n=37)...
September 2016: Clin Exp Emerg Med
Marco Ambrosetti
Patients with Lower Extremity Peripheral Artery Disease (LEPAD) have been recently identified as target groups for structured Cardiac Prevention and Rehabilitation (CPR) programs, whose core components and intervention goals are now well recognized. Historically, exercise training (ET) programs have been employed for the treatment of LEPAD with typical intermittent claudication, and several meta-analysis documented improvements in walking distances of enrolled patients. Both in American and European guidelines, a frequency of at least 3 sessions per week and program duration of 12 weeks were judged as optimal, while recommended sessions lengths were 30-45 minutes and 30-60 minutes respectively...
October 14, 2016: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
Kouichiro Minami, Yota Kokubo, Ichinosuke Maeda, Shingo Hibino
In chest compression for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), the lower half of the sternum is pressed according to the American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines 2010. These have been no studies which identify the exact location of the applied by individual chest compressions. We developed a rubber power-flexible capacitive sensor that could measure the actual pressure point of chest compression in real time. Here, we examined the pressure point of chest compression by ambulance crews during CPR using a mannequin...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
Qiao Huang, Cuihuan Hu, Jing Mao
BACKGROUND: Immediate cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) can improve survival rate from cardiac arrest and students are potentially important bystander CPR providers. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to investigate the willingness among Chinese students to learn and perform bystander CPR. METHODS: Questionnaires were distributed to 1407 students. The survey investigated the willingness to learn and perform bystander CPR and the barriers to performing CPR on family members and strangers, assuming that students had mastered CPR...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Rifat Latifi, Jayleen K L Gunn, John A Stroster, Edmond Zaimi, Fatos Olldashi, Agron Dogjani, Mihal Kerci, Xheladin Draçini, Julian Kuçani, Zhaneta Shatri, Agim Kociraj, Arian Boci, Ross I Donaldson
BACKGROUND: Traumatic injuries have become a substantial but neglected epidemic in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), but emergency rooms (ERs) in these countries are often staffed with healthcare providers who have minimal emergency training and experience. The aim of this paper was to describe the specialized training, available interventions, and the patient management strategies in the ERs in Albanian public hospitals. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study of 42 ERs in the Republic of Albania between September 5, 2014, and December 29, 2014 was performed...
December 2016: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
Stefanie Beck, Bjarne Ruhnke, Malte Issleib, Anne Daubmann, Sigrid Harendza, Christian Zöllner
BACKGROUND: Training of lay-rescuers is essential to improve survival-rates after cardiac arrest. Multiple campaigns emphasise the importance of basic life support (BLS) training for school children. Trainings require a valid assessment to give feedback to school children and to compare the outcomes of different training formats. Considering these requirements, we developed an assessment of BLS skills using MiniAnne and tested the inter-rater reliability between professionals, medical students and trained school children as assessors...
October 7, 2016: BMC Medical Education
Gail G Salvatierra, Steven J Palazzo, Allison Emery
OBJECTIVE: Describe the rates of CPR/AED training in high schools in the state of Washington after passage of legislation mandating CPR/AED training. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: A web-based survey was sent to administrators at 660 public and private high schools in the state of Washington. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: The survey was completed by 148 schools (22%); 64% reported providing CPR training and 54% provided AED training. Reported barriers to implementation included instructor availability, cost, and a lack of equipment...
October 5, 2016: Public Health Nursing
Audrey L Blewer, Mary E Putt, Lance B Becker, Barbara J Riegel, Jiaqi Li, Marion Leary, Judy A Shea, James N Kirkpatrick, Robert A Berg, Vinay M Nadkarni, Peter W Groeneveld, Benjamin S Abella
BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training rates in the United States are low, highlighting the need to develop CPR educational approaches that are simpler, with broader dissemination potential. The minimum training required to ensure long-term skill retention remains poorly characterized. We compared CPR skill retention among laypersons randomized to training with video-only (VO; no manikin) with those trained with a video self-instruction kit (VSI; with manikin). We hypothesized that VO training would be noninferior to the VSI approach with respect to chest compression (CC) rate...
October 4, 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
Candice Wang, Chin-Chou Huang, Shing-Jong Lin, Jaw-Wen Chen
OBJECTIVES: The goal of our study was to shed light on educational methods to strengthen medical students' cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) leadership and team skills in order to optimise CPR understanding and success using didactic videos and high-fidelity simulations. DESIGN: An observational study. SETTING: A tertiary medical centre in Northern Taiwan. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 104 5-7th year medical students, including 72 men and 32 women...
2016: BMJ Open
Paul T Engels, Mete Erdogan, Sandy L Widder, Michael B Butler, Nelofar Kureshi, Kate Martin, Robert S Green
BACKGROUND: Although used primarily in the pediatric population for decades, the use of intraosseous (IO) devices in the resuscitation of severely injured adult trauma patients has recently become more commonplace. The objective of this study was to determine the experience level, beliefs and attitudes of trauma practitioners in Canada, Australia and New Zealand regarding the use of IO devices in adult trauma patients. METHODS: We administered a web-based survey to all members of 4 national trauma and emergency medicine organizations in Canada, Australia and New Zealand...
October 1, 2016: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
Chiwon Ahn, Yongtak Cho, Jaehoon Oh, Yeongtak Song, Tae Ho Lim, Hyunggoo Kang, Juncheol Lee
Objective. There are many smartphone-based applications (apps) for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training. We investigated the conformity and the learnability/usability of these apps for CPR training and real-life supports. Methods. We conducted a mixed-method, sequential explanatory study to assess CPR training apps downloaded on two apps stores in South Korea. Apps were collected with inclusion criteria as follows, Korean-language instruction, training features, and emergency supports for real-life incidents, and analyzed with two tests; 15 medical experts evaluated the apps' contents according to current Basic Life Support guidelines in conformity test, and 15 nonmedical individuals examined the apps using System Usability Scale (SUS) in the learnability/usability test...
2016: BioMed Research International
Wei Wei Dayna Yong, Phek Hui Jade Kua, Swee Sung Soon, Pin Pin Maeve Pek, Marcus Eng Hock Ong
The Dispatcher-Assisted first REsponder programme aims to equip the public with skills to perform hands-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and to use an automated external defibrillator (AED). By familiarising them with instructions given by a medical dispatcher during an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest call, they will be prepared and empowered to react in an emergency. We aim to formalise curriculum and standardise the way information is conveyed to the participants. A panel of 20 experts were chosen...
2016: BioMed Research International
Shawn Liu, Christian Vaillancourt, Ann Kasaboski, Monica Taljaard
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to measure bystander fatigue and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) quality after five minutes of CPR using the continuous chest compression (CCC) versus the 30:2 chest compression to ventilation method in older lay persons, a population most likely to perform CPR on cardiac arrest victims. METHODS: This randomized crossover trial took place at three tertiary care hospitals and a seniors' center. Participants were aged ≥55 years without significant physical limitations (frailty score ≤3/7)...
September 21, 2016: CJEM
Cristian Abelairas-Gómez, Pablo Vázquez-González, Sergio López-García, José Palacios-Aguilar, Alexis Padrón-Cabo, Antonio Rodríguez-Núñez
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to assess the cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) quality by helicopter rescue swimmers (HRSs) while flying. METHODS: Twenty HRSs from the Spanish Maritime Safety took part in this study. The research protocol included 2 phases: a baseline test (5 minutes of CPR on land) and a challenge test (5 minutes of CPR on a Sikorsky S-61N helicopter in-flight). A Laerdal Resusci Anne mannequin with Laerdal PC Skill Reporting (Stavanger, Norway) was used to register CPR variables...
September 2016: Air Medical Journal
Maria Isabel Körber, Thomas Köhler, Verena Weiss, Roman Pfister, Guido Michels
INTRODUCTION: Poor survival rates after cardiac arrest can partly be explained by poor basic life support skills in medical professionals. AIM: This study aimed to assess quality of basic life support in medical students and paramedics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational study with 100 early medical students (group A), 100 late medical students (group B) and 100 paramedics (group C), performing a 20-minute basic life support simulation in teams of two...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Blaine Reeder, Alexandria David
INTRODUCTION: Smart watches have the potential to support health in everyday living by: enabling self-monitoring of personal activity; obtaining feedback based on activity measures; allowing for in-situ surveys to identify patterns of behavior; and supporting bi-directional communication with health care providers and family members. However, smart watches are an emerging technology and research with these devices is at a nascent stage. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of smart watch studies that engaged people in their use by searching PubMed, Embase, IEEE XPlore and ACM Digital libraries...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
Furqan B Irfan, Zain Ali Bhutta, Maaret Castren, Lahn Straney, Therese Djarv, Tooba Tariq, Stephen Hodges Thomas, Guillaume Alinier, Loua Al Shaikh, Robert Campbell Owen, Jassim Al Suwaidi, Ashfaq Shuaib, Rajvir Singh, Peter Alistair Cameron
BACKGROUND: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) studies from the Middle East and Asian region are limited. This study describes the epidemiology, emergency health services, and outcomes of OHCA in Qatar. METHODS: This was a prospective nationwide population-based observational study on OHCA patients in Qatar according to Utstein style guidelines, from June 2012 to May 2013. Data was collected from various sources; the national emergency medical service, 4 emergency departments, and 8 public hospitals...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Bander Aziz Al Enizi, Nazmus Saquib, Mohamed Saddik Abdelkawi Zaghloul, Mohammed Suliman Abdullah Alaboud, Muhammad Siddique Shahid, Juliann Saquib
OBJECTIVE: Despite the strong evidence that basic life support including cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) improves survival rates after cardiac events, the awareness and training among citizens of Saudi Arabia is low. The study objective was to determine the current level of knowledge and CPR-skills among secondary school teachers. The second objective was to assess their attitudes and willingness to participate in regular CPR training. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the secondary schools in Al-Qassim region in 2015...
July 2016: International Journal of Health Sciences
Tobias Münster, Christoph Stosch, Nina Hindrichs, Jeremy Franklin, Jan Matthes
INTRODUCTION: The external chest compression is a very important skill required to maintain a minimum of circulation during cardiac arrest until further medical procedures can be taken. Peyton's 4-Steps-Approach is one method of skill training, the four steps being: Demonstration, Deconstruction, Comprehension and Execution. Based on CPR skill training, this method is widely, allegedly predominantly used, although there are insufficient studies on Peyton's 4-Steps-Approach for skill training in CPR in comparison with other methods of skill training...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Stefanie Beck, Vivian Meier-Klages, Maria Michaelis, Susanne Sehner, Sigrid Harendza, Christian Zöllner, Jens Christian Kubitz
BACKGROUND: The "kids save lives" joint-statement highlights the effectiveness of training all school children worldwide in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) to improve survival after cardiac arrest. The personnel requirement to implement this statement is high. Until now, no randomised controlled trial investigated if medical students benefit from their engagement in the BLS-education of school children regarding their later roles as physicians. The objective of the present study is to evaluate if medical students improve their teaching behaviour and CPR-skills by teaching school children in basic life support...
August 27, 2016: Resuscitation
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