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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993522/cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-on-television-are-we-miseducating-the-public
#1
Michael Colwill, Charlotte Somerville, Eric Lindberg, Caroline Williams, James Bryan, Ted Welman
BACKGROUND: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survival rates in the UK are poor, and non-medically trained individuals have been identified to perform substandard cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Millions watch televised medical dramas and, for many, these comprise their only education on CPR. This study aims to investigate the quality of CPR portrayed on these programmes and whether this has an effect on public knowledge. METHODS: Prospective observational study of 30 consecutive episodes of three popular medical dramas...
October 9, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979980/association-of-public-health-initiatives-with-outcomes-for-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-at-home-and-in-public-locations
#2
Christopher B Fordyce, Carolina M Hansen, Kristian Kragholm, Matthew E Dupre, James G Jollis, Mayme L Roettig, Lance B Becker, Steen M Hansen, Tomoya T Hinohara, Claire C Corbett, Lisa Monk, R Darrell Nelson, David A Pearson, Clark Tyson, Sean van Diepen, Monique L Anderson, Bryan McNally, Christopher B Granger
Importance: Little is known about the influence of comprehensive public health initiatives according to out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) location, particularly at home, where resuscitation efforts and outcomes have historically been poor. Objective: To describe temporal trends in bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and first-responder defibrillation for OHCAs stratified by home vs public location and their association with survival and neurological outcomes...
October 4, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974344/the-school-lifesavers-study-a-randomised-controlled-trial-comparing-the-impact-of-lifesaver-only-face-to-face-training-only-and-lifesaver-with-face-to-face-training-on-cpr-knowledge-skills-and-attitudes-in-uk-school-children
#3
Joyce Yeung, Ivor Kovic, Marija Vidacic, Emma Skilton, Dan Higgins, Teresa Melody, Andrew Lockey
BACKGROUND: Lifesaver (www.life-saver.org.uk) is an immersive, interactive game that can be used for basic life support training. Users 'resuscitate' a victim of cardiac arrest in a filmed scenario and move their device up and down to simulate cardiac compressions. METHODS: Randomised controlled trial of 3 UK schools (81 students) comparing Lifesaver, face-to-face (F2F) training, and a combination of both. Primary outcomes: mean chest compression rate and depth...
August 27, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974343/high-school-cpr-training-it-s-only-an-app-away
#4
EDITORIAL
Sheldon Cheskes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968304/dispatcher-assisted-telephone-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-using-a-french-language-compression-ventilation-pediatric-protocol
#5
Michael Peters, Samuel Stipulante, Anne-Sophie Delfosse, Katarina Schumacher, André Mulder, Frédéric Lebrun, Anne-Françoise Donneau, Alexandre Ghuysen
OBJECTIVE: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in pediatrics is a devastating event associated with poor survival rates. Although telephone dispatcher-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR; T-CPR) instructions improve the frequency and quality of bystander CPR for OHCA in adults, this support remains undeveloped in children. Our objective was to assess the effectiveness of a pediatric T-CPR protocol in untrained and trained bystanders. Secondarily, we sought to determine the feasibility and the effectiveness of ventilation in such a protocol...
October 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946920/role-of-bispectral-index-monitoring-and-burst-suppression-in-prognostication-following-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-a-systematic-review-protocol
#6
Leanne Eveson, Marcela Vizcaychipi, Shashank Patil
BACKGROUND: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is associated with significant mortality or may have a poor neurological outcome. Various community-training programmes have improved practices like bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and early defibrillation using automated external defibrillator (AED). Post-resuscitation care has also changed significantly in the millennium. Interventions like targeted temperature management (TTM), avoidance of hyperoxia and emergency cardiac catheterisation have given patients a chance of a better neurological outcome...
September 25, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941543/cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-in-pediatric-and-cardiac-intensive-care-units
#7
REVIEW
Robert M Sutton, Ryan W Morgan, Todd J Kilbaugh, Vinay M Nadkarni, Robert A Berg
Approximately 5000 to 10,000 children suffer an in-hospital cardiac arrest requiring cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) each year in the United States. Importantly, 2% to 6% of all children admitted to pediatric intensive care units (ICUs) receive CPR, as do 4% to 6% of children admitted to pediatric cardiac ICUs. Survival from pediatric ICU cardiac arrest has improved substantially during the past 20 years presumably due to improved training methods, CPR quality, and post-resuscitation care. Extracorporeal life support CPR remains an important treatment option for both cardiac and noncardiac ICU patients...
October 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938914/impact-of-basic-life-support-training-on-the-attitudes-of-health-care-workers-toward-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-and-defibrillation
#8
Mostafa A Abolfotouh, Manal A Alnasser, Alamin N Berhanu, Deema A Al-Turaif, Abdulrhman I Alfayez
BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) increases the probability of survival of a person with cardiac arrest. Repeating training helps staff retain knowledge in CPR and in use of automated external defibrillators (AEDs). Retention of knowledge and skills during and after training in CPR is difficult and requires systematic training with appropriate methodology. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of basic life-support (BLS) training on the attitudes of health-care providers toward initiating CPR and on use of AEDs, and to investigate the factors that influence these attitudes...
September 22, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938127/stomach-perforation-post-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-a-case-report
#9
Aasim Khan, Neil Merrett, Selwyn Selvendran
INTRODUCTION: Stomach perforation after cardiopulmonary resuscitation is a rare finding. This is mainly caused by incorrect management of the airway during CPR performed by non-medical personnel. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a case of 72year old female who sustained a stomach perforation during prolonged CPR in an out of hospital arrest situation. This was diagnosed on a computed tomography scan of the abdomen requiring midline laparotomy and a primary repair of the stomach...
August 24, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899418/the-effect-of-a-national-web-course-help-brain-heart-as-a-supplemental-learning-tool-before-cpr-training-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#10
Anette Nord, Leif Svensson, Andreas Claesson, Johan Herlitz, Håkan Hult, Susanne Kreitz-Sandberg, Lennart Nilsson
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) learning methods is unclear. Our aim was to evaluate whether a web course before CPR training, teaching the importance of recognition of symptoms of stroke and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and a healthy lifestyle, could influence not only theoretical knowledge but also practical CPR skills or willingness to act in a cardiac arrest situation. METHODS: Classes with 13-year-old students were randomised to CPR training only (control) or a web course plus CPR training (intervention)...
September 12, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899383/paediatric-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-training-program-in-latin-america-the-ribepci-experience
#11
Jesús López-Herce, Martha M Matamoros, Luis Moya, Enma Almonte, Diana Coronel, Javier Urbano, Ángel Carrillo, Jimena Del Castillo, Santiago Mencía, Ramón Moral, Flora Ordoñez, Carlos Sánchez, Lina Lagos, María Johnson, Ovidio Mendoza, Sandra Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: To describe the design and to present the results of a paediatric and neonatal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training program adapted to Latin-America. METHODS: A paediatric CPR coordinated training project was set up in several Latin-American countries with the instructional and scientific support of the Spanish Group for Paediatric and Neonatal CPR. The program was divided into four phases: CPR training and preparation of instructors; training for instructors; supervised teaching; and independent teaching...
September 12, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888470/functional-and-biochemical-adaptations-of-elite-level-futsal-players-from-brazil-along-a-training-season
#12
Rômulo Pillon Barcelos, Guilherme Lopes Tocchetto, Frederico Diniz Lima, Sílvio Terra Stefanello, Harrison Fabricio Muzzy Rodrigues, Manuela Borges Sangoi, Rafael Noal Moresco, Luiz Fernando Freire Royes, Félix Alexandre Antunes Soares, Guilherme Bresciani
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Although hard training is mandatory in elite level futsal training, few studies have proposed a biochemical follow up in futsal players during a whole season. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare functional and biochemical markers in Brazilian elite level futsal players throughout a competition season. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight players aged 25.5±5.4 years were evaluated at three time points: preseason (T1), immediately before the FIFA(®)-Intercontinental-Futsal-Cup (T2), and at the end of the season (T3), with a tapering period of 1 week before T2...
August 26, 2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881795/rnase-alleviates-neurological-dysfunction-in-mice-undergoing-cardiac-arrest-and-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#13
Ye Ma, Chan Chen, Shu Zhang, Qiao Wang, Hai Chen, Yuanlin Dong, Zheng Zhang, Yan Li, Zhendong Niu, Tao Zhu, Hai Yu, Bin Liu
Cardiac arrest (CA) is one of the leading lethal factors. Despite cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) procedure has been consecutively improved and lots of new strategies have been developed, neurological outcome of the patients experienced CPR is still disappointing. Ribonuclease (RNase) has been demonstrated to have neuroprotective effects in acute stroke and postoperative cognitive impairment, possibly through acting against endogenous RNA that released from damaged tissue. However, the role of RNase in post-cardiac arrest cerebral injury is unknown...
August 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870719/increased-survival-from-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-when-off-duty-medically-educated-personnel-perform-cpr-compared-with-laymen
#14
Anette Nord, Leif Svensson, Thomas Karlsson, Andreas Claesson, Johan Herlitz, Lennart Nilsson
BACKGROUND: Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) has been proved to save lives; however, whether survival is affected by the training level of the bystander is not fully described. AIM: To describe if the training level of laymen and medically educated bystanders affect 30-day survival in out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA). METHODS: This observational study included all witnessed and treated cases of bystander CPR reported to the Swedish Registry of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation between 2010 and 2014...
September 16, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844039/relationship-between-non-technical-skills-and-technical-performance-during-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-does-stress-have-an-influence
#15
Ralf Krage, Laura Zwaan, Lian Tjon Soei Len, Mark W Kolenbrander, Dick van Groeningen, Stephan A Loer, Cordula Wagner, Patrick Schober
BACKGROUND: Non-technical skills, such as task management, leadership, situational awareness, communication and decision-making refer to cognitive, behavioural and social skills that contribute to safe and efficient team performance. The importance of these skills during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is increasingly emphasised. Nonetheless, the relationship between non-technical skills and technical performance is poorly understood. We hypothesise that non-technical skills become increasingly important under stressful conditions when individuals are distracted from their tasks, and investigated the relationship between non-technical and technical skills under control conditions and when external stressors are present...
August 26, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832913/first-aid-training-in-school-amount-content-and-hindrances
#16
H K Bakke, H K Bakke, R Schwebs
BACKGROUND: To increase knowledge and competence about first aid in the population, first-aid instruction is included in primary and secondary school curricula. This study aimed to establish how much time is spent on first-aid training, which first-aid measures are taught, and which factors prevent teachers from providing the quantity and quality of first-aid training that they wish to give. METHODS: A questionnaire was distributed to teachers in physical education in primary and secondary schools and to teachers in vocational subjects in higher secondary schools...
August 17, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802444/identifying-the-critical-physical-demanding-tasks-of-paramedic-work-towards-the-development-of-a-physical-employment-standard
#17
Steven L Fischer, Kathryn E Sinden, Renee S MacPhee
Public safety related occupations including police, fire and military commonly apply physical employment standard (PES) to facilitate job matching, an approach to evaluate if candidates demonstrate acceptable physical capabilities as required to perform the job safely and effectively. In Canada, paramedics remain as one of the few public safety occupations without an evidence-based, validated PES. The purpose of this study was to document and describe the physical demands of paramedic work and to identify the most physically demanding tasks...
November 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765657/-knowledge-and-willingness-to-perform-basic-life-support-by-local-police-officers
#18
P Angulo-Menéndez, A Lana Pérez, J Morís de la Tassa
BACKGROUND: To determine the knowledge and willingness of local police officers (PO) to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), as well as to explore the association between CPR training and these variables. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with a sample of 390 PO from Asturias (Spain). An anonymous questionnaire was used to measure nine basic aspects of CPR from the European Resuscitation Council and four indicators of attitude towards performing CPR in a real context...
July 28, 2017: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761704/cpr-performance-in-the-presence-of-audiovisual-feedback-or-football-shoulder-pads
#19
Shota Tanaka, Wayne Rodrigues, Susan Sotir, Ryo Sagisaka, Hideharu Tanaka
OBJECTIVE: The initiation of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) can be complicated by the use of protective equipment in contact sports, and the rate of success in resuscitating the patient depends on the time from incident to start of CPR. The aim of our study was to see if (1) previous training, (2) the presence of audiovisual feedback and (3) the presence of football shoulder pads (FSP) affected the quality of chest compressions. METHODS: Six basic life support certified athletic training students (BLS-ATS), six basic life support certified emergency medical service personnel (BLS-EMS) and six advanced cardiac life support certified emergency medical service personnel (ACLS-EMS) participated in a crossover manikin study...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760696/simulation-training-to-improve-9-1-1-dispatcher-identification-of-cardiac-arrest-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Hendrika Meischke, Ian S Painter, Scott R Stangenes, Marcia R Weaver, Carol E Fahrenbruch, Tom Rea, Anne M Turner
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to test the effectiveness of simulation training, using actors to make mock calls, on improving Emergency Medical Dispatchers' (EMDs) ability to recognize the need for, and reduce the time to, telephone-assisted CPR (T-CPR) in simulated and real cardiac arrest 9-1-1 calls. METHODS: We conducted a parallel prospective randomized controlled trial with n=157 EMDs from thirteen 9-1-1 call centers. Study participants were randomized within each center to intervention (i...
July 29, 2017: Resuscitation
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