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pediatric dental rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882304/primary-hyperoxaluria-orthodontic-management-in-a-pediatric-patient-a-case-report
#1
A P Cazzolla, K Zhurakivska, D Ciavarella, M G Lacaita, G Favia, N F Testa, G Marzo, V La Carbonara, G Troiano, L Lo Muzio
AIMS: The aim of this study is to report the case of the orthodontic treatment in a patient affected by primary hyperoxaluria type 1 and subjected to a combinate liver-kidney transplant. METHODS AND RESULTS: The 9-year patient was admitted to our department for the presence of facial dysmorphism. The patient was affected by primary hyperoxaluria type 1 and has undergone a combined liver-kidney transplantation. At the time of the visit, he was in treatment with immunosuppressive drugs and received a corticosteroid and an antibiotic therapy monthly...
June 8, 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750625/trends-and-characteristics-of-pediatric-dentistry-patients-treated-under-general-anesthesia
#2
Maxwell N Rudie, Michael M Milano, Michael W Roberts, Kimon Divaris
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to describe the demographic characteristics of pediatric dentistry patients undergoing dental rehabilitation under general anesthesia (DRGA) at UNC-Chapel Hill during the last 13 years and identify factors associated with multiple (1 versus 2 or more) DRGA visits during that timeframe. STUDY DESIGN: Administrative claims data were used to identify children and adolescents (age <18 years) who underwent DRGA between 1/1/2002 and 12/31/2014 at the UNC Hospitals system...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403234/conscious-sedation-with-nitrous-oxide-to-control-stress-during-dental-treatment-in-patients-with-cerebral-palsy-an-experimental-clinical-trial
#3
Fernando M Baeder, Daniel F Silva, Ana Cl de Albuquerque, Maria Tbr Santos
Introduction: Individuals with cerebral palsy (CP) often present with oral alterations that impact oral health and require dental treatment. Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the use of conscious sedation with nitrous oxide (N2 O) to control stress during dental treatment in individuals with CP using as parameters: Venham score (VS), heart rate (HR), and respiratory rate (RR). Materials and methods: A total of 77 CP patients >3 years of age with a mean age of 11...
October 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379311/postoperative-discomfort-and-emergence-delirium-in-children-undergoing-dental-rehabilitation-under-general-anesthesia-comparison-of-nasal-tracheal-intubation-and-laryngeal-mask-airway
#4
Sultan Keles, Ozlem Kocaturk
Background: Several studies have identified side effects of general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation, such as laryngeal pain, dysphonia, and postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). The laryngeal mask airway (LMAw) is believed to decrease these side effects. The aim of this trial was to compare postoperative discomfort, emergence delirium, and recovery time of patients who received either an LMAw or nasotracheal intubation (NTI). Patients and methods: A total of 70 children were randomly assigned to the LMAw group (n=35) or the NTI group (n=35)...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335054/orbital-mediastinal-and-cervicofacial-subcutaneous-emphysema-after-dental-rehabilitation-in-a-pediatric-patient
#5
William J Boggess, Jeanine Ronan, Neeraj Panchal
Subcutaneous emphysema is a rare possible complication of dental procedures. The majority of the dental literature describes cases of localized areas of subcutaneous emphysema following various dental procedures, with a large number of these cases seen following intraoral surgical procedures. Classically, subcutaneous emphysema occurs within minutes to hours after conclusion of dental procedures and is commonly misdiagnosed as either an allergic reaction or acute post-operative swelling. This case report describes a four-year-old male who underwent dental rehabilitation for routine restorative dentistry without extractions under general anesthesia...
November 1, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189536/incidence-of-fractures-from-perioperative-blood-pressure-cuff-use-tourniquet-use-and-patient-positioning-in-osteogenesis-imperfecta
#6
Brian T Sullivan, Adam Margalit, Vaibhav S Garg, Dolores B Njoku, Paul D Sponseller
BACKGROUND: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a rare connective tissue disease with varying severity. Patients with OI are highly susceptible to skeletal fractures. Optimal perioperative management of these patients is not well defined. We investigated the risks associated with intraoperative use of noninvasive blood pressure (NIBP) cuffs, tourniquets, and intra-arterial catheters, and patient positioning in children with OI. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed records of patients younger than 21 years with OI who underwent surgery with general anesthesia from 2010 to 2016 at our tertiary care center...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904966/the-effect-of-oral-dexmedetomidine-premedication-on-preoperative-cooperation-and-emergence-delirium-in-children-undergoing-dental-procedures
#7
Sultan Keles, Ozlem Kocaturk
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to detect the effect of 1  μ g/kg of oral dexmedetomidine (DEX) as premedication among children undergoing dental procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study involved 100 children between 2 and 6 years of age, ASA I, who underwent full-mouth dental rehabilitation. The DEX group ( n = 50) received 1  μ g/kg DEX in apple juice, and the control group ( n = 50) received only apple juice. The patients' scores on the Ramsay Sedation Scale (RSS), parental separation anxiety scale, mask acceptance scale, and pediatric anesthesia emergence delirium scale (PAEDS) and hemodynamic parameters were recorded...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862593/prosthetic-rehabilitation-in-a-pediatric-patient-with-hypohidrotic-ectodermal-dysplasia-a-case-report
#8
Luís Eduardo Lavigne Paranhos Quintanilha, Luís Eduardo Carneiro-Campos, Lívia Azeredo Alves Antunes, Leonardo Santos Antunes, Claudio Pinheiro Fernandes, Fernanda Volpe Abreu
Hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED) is a rare ectodermal disease with a systemic expression. Oral abnormalities are common and may include hypodontia and shape irregularities in the primary and permanent dentitions. Rehabilitation of the dental arches in pediatric patients with HED is a challenge because HED is a multifactorial disease that demands a complicated treatment approach and most dentists have limited experience or training in the necessary treatment. In addition, pediatric patients often lack the patience or ability to cooperate with complex prosthetic treatment...
September 2017: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729805/dental-treatment-considerations-for-a-pediatric-patient-with-incontinentia-pigmenti-bloch-sulzberger-syndrome
#9
Amy Yi-Ling Chen, Kevin Chen
Incontinentia pigmenti (IP) is a uncommon gene disorder, heritage with X-linked dominant mode. IP patients have a characteristic dentition varying from marked hypodontia to delayed eruption and conical crowns on both dentitions. A 5½-year-old girl, whose mother and younger sister were also diagnosed with IP, has the whirling-like pigmented skin lesion over her trunk and four extremities. Four primary teeth and multiple permanent tooth germs were found to be congenital missing. Dental considerations of further treatment were discussed with her parents including the preservation of primary molars, possible interim prosthesis in mixed or permanent dentition, full mouth rehabilitation with orthodontic and prosthodontic combined treatment, and implant therapy in adulthood...
April 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618198/effect-of-intravenous-paracetamol-as-pre-emptive-compared-to-preventive-analgesia-in-a-pediatric-dental-setting-a-prospective-randomized-study
#10
Johny Kharouba, Nasir Hawash, Benjamin Peretz, Sigalit Blumer, Yara Srour, Marry Nassar, Mulham Sabbah, Anan Safadi, Alexey Khorev, Mostafa Somri
BACKGROUND: Efficacy of pre-emptive analgesia compared to preventive regimen, managing postoperative pain is still controversial. AIM: Evaluating the efficacy of intravenous (IV) paracetamol as pre-emptive analgesia compared to preventive post-treatment administration in pediatric dental setting. DESIGN: In a prospective trial, 60 noncooperative children of ASA I, II aged 3-10 years who underwent dental rehabilitation under general anesthesia were randomly divided into two groups...
January 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003916/oral-rehabilitation-and-management-for-secondary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-in-a-child
#11
Tatiana Kelly da Silva Fidalgo, Carla Nogueira, Marcia Rejane Thomas Canabarro Andrade, Andrea Graciene Lopez Ramos Valente, Patricia Nivoloni Tannure
The aim of this paper is to describe a rare case report of a pediatric patient with secondary Sjögren's syndrome (SSS). A 12-year-old female child was referred to the Pediatric Dentistry Clinic with the chief complaint of tooth pain, dry mouth, and tooth sensibility. The patient was submitted to orthodontic treatment prior to syndrome diagnosis. The clinical treatment consisted of the interruption of orthodontic treatment and restoring the oral condition with dental treatment and the use of artificial saliva in an innovative apparatus...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805886/children-undergoing-chemotherapy-is-it-too-late-for-dental-rehabilitation
#12
Deema J Farsi
Children undergoing cancer therapy encounter a diverse spectrum of oral changes that generally are attributed to immunosuppression and bleeding tendencies caused by the therapeutic agents. Therefore, providing oral health instructions and dental rehabilitation before the initiation of cancer therapy is encouraged. In this article, we discuss the general dental management of pediatric patients with cancer actively undergoing cancer therapy, or for whom it is planned. We also describe the dental rehabilitation performed on a child while he was undergoing chemotherapy for neuroblastoma, using an unconventional approach that varied from the standard management protocol used by King Abdulaziz University Hospital...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783767/moderate-sedation-helps-improve-future-behavior-in-pediatric-dental-patients-a-prospective-study
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Denise Espíndola Antunes, Karolline Alves Viana, Paulo Sucasas Costa, Luciane Rezende Costa
There is little evidence on the long-term effects of pharmacological management in children undergoing dental treatment. This study aimed to assess children's behavior in consecutive dental sessions following oral rehabilitation using different pharmacological regimens for behavioral control. Participants were preschoolers who were previously treated for caries under one of the following: no sedative, oral sedation with midazolam, oral sedation with midazolam/ketamine, or general anesthesia. The children's behavior in the follow-up sessions was assessed using the Ohio State University Behavioral Rating Scale (OSUBRS); higher scores represented less cooperative behavior (range 5-20)...
October 24, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617384/oral-health-education-in-children-before-dental-treatment-under-general-anesthesia
#14
Marie-Cécile Valéra, Isabelle Aragon, Paul Monsarrat, Fréderic Vaysse, Emmanuelle Noirrit-Esclassan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the attitude of parents towards the oral health of their children before oral rehabilitation under general anesthesia (GA). STUDY DESIGN: Children receiving dental treatment under GA between November 2013 and July 2014 in the Pediatric Dentistry Department (University Hospital Center, Toulouse, France) were enrolled in an oral health preventive program. An anonymous questionnaire was self-administered by the parents during the pre-operative session...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617373/clinical-performance-of-indirect-composite-onlays-as-esthetic-alternative-to-stainless-steel-crowns-for-rehabilitation-of-a-large-carious-primary-molar
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Hitesh Chander Mittal, Ashima Goyal, Krishan Gauba, Aditi Kapur
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinical performance of indirect resin composite onlays (IRC onlay) compared to stainless steel crowns (SSCs), as an esthetic alternative for rehabilitation of extensively carious primary molars. STUDY DESIGN: Fifty pediatric patients each received either IRC onlay or SSC randomly on extensively carious endodontically treated primary molars. All the restorations were evaluated at baseline and then every 6 months till 36 months using 'modified FDI criteria' for retention, marginal integrity, occlusion, proximal contact, secondary caries and gingival health...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27484601/assessment-of-oral-status-in-pediatric-patients-with-special-health-care-needs-receiving-dental-rehabilitation-procedures-under-general-anesthesia-a-retrospective-analysis
#16
Neeraj Solanki, Anuj Kumar, Neha Awasthi, Anjali Kundu, Suveet Mathur, Suresh Bidhumadhav
INTRODUCTION: Dental problems serve as additional burden on the children with special health care needs (CSHCN) because of additional hospitalization pressure, they face for the treatment of various serious medical problems. These patients have higher incidence of dental caries due to increased quantity of sugar involved in the drug therapies and lower salivary flow in the oral cavity. Such patients are difficult to treat with local anesthesia or inhaled sedatives. Single-sitting dental treatment is possible in these patients with general anesthesia...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27365944/knowledge-and-awareness-among-parents-and-general-dental-practitioners-regarding-rehabilitation-with-full-coverage-restoration-in-children-a-multi-centric-trial
#17
Aman Moda, Gyanendra Saroj, Swati Sharma, Basant Gupta
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge and awareness among parents and general dental practitioners regarding rehabilitation with full coverage restoration in children following pulp therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A multiple choice questionnaire was given to 1,000 parents and 400 general practitioners in this multicentric trial. The questionnaire assessed their beliefs, knowledge regarding care of primary teeth, assessment of treating children, and knowledge regarding importance of primary teeth...
April 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27348689/mid-term-dental-and-nerve-related-complications-of-infant-distraction-for-robin-sequence
#18
Jordan P Steinberg, Colin M Brady, Brittany R Waters, Magdalena Soldanska, Fernando D Burstein, Jack E Thomas, Joseph K Williams
BACKGROUND: Mandibular distraction is effective for relieving airway obstruction in Robin sequence; however, mid-term dental and nerve-related complications have not been adequately studied. METHODS: Records were reviewed for patients with a single distraction in infancy using internal devices. Follow-up was 5 years or longer. Craniofacial dysmorphic syndromes and those affecting facial nerve function were excluded. Part I involved a review of dental records, whereas Part II involved assessment of inferior alveolar and marginal mandibular nerve function in returning patients with the use of 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane cold stimulation and photography, respectively...
July 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27274149/effect-of-comprehensive-dental-rehabilitation-on-growth-parameters-in-pediatric-patients-with-severe-early-childhood-caries
#19
REVIEW
Jayna Sachdev, Kalpana Bansal, Radhika Chopra
BACKGROUND: Children who have severe early childhood caries (S-ECC) weigh significantly less than caries-free children. The association between S-ECC and weight suggests that its timely treatment at early stages may preserve general health, in addition to preventing pain and infection. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to evaluate whether children with untreated S-ECC had lower weight and height as compared with children with low caries and to evaluate whether full mouth rehabilitation of children with S-ECC resulted in the phenomenon of catch-up growth...
January 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26662044/short-term-effects-of-povidone-iodine-and-sodium-fluoride-therapy-on-plaque-levels-and-microbiome-diversity
#20
C Reilly, M Goettl, M Steinmetz, J Nikrad, R S Jones
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of short-term changes in the oral microbial ecology of dental plaque and plaque levels after topical treatment of a combination of 10% povidone iodine (PI) and 5% sodium fluoride varnish (FV). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single group design intervention study on 12 pediatric patients, who underwent two baseline plaques samplings before the intervention, were enrolled in the study. A modified mixed dentition Silness-Löe plaque index score was used to assess plaque accumulation and microbial composition was assessed by amplicon sequencing analysis of the 16S rRNA V4 region...
March 2016: Oral Diseases
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