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pediatric dental rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805886/children-undergoing-chemotherapy-is-it-too-late-for-dental-rehabilitation
#1
Deema J Farsi
Children undergoing cancer therapy encounter a diverse spectrum of oral changes that generally are attributed to immunosuppression and bleeding tendencies caused by the therapeutic agents. Therefore, providing oral health instructions and dental rehabilitation before the initiation of cancer therapy is encouraged. In this article, we discuss the general dental management of pediatric patients with cancer actively undergoing cancer therapy, or for whom it is planned. We also describe the dental rehabilitation performed on a child while he was undergoing chemotherapy for neuroblastoma, using an unconventional approach that varied from the standard management protocol used by King Abdulaziz University Hospital...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783767/moderate-sedation-helps-improve-future-behavior-in-pediatric-dental-patients-a-prospective-study
#2
Denise Espíndola Antunes, Karolline Alves Viana, Paulo Sucasas Costa, Luciane Rezende Costa
There is little evidence on the long-term effects of pharmacological management in children undergoing dental treatment. This study aimed to assess children's behavior in consecutive dental sessions following oral rehabilitation using different pharmacological regimens for behavioral control. Participants were preschoolers who were previously treated for caries under one of the following: no sedative, oral sedation with midazolam, oral sedation with midazolam/ketamine, or general anesthesia. The children's behavior in the follow-up sessions was assessed using the Ohio State University Behavioral Rating Scale (OSUBRS); higher scores represented less cooperative behavior (range 5-20)...
October 24, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617384/oral-health-education-in-children-before-dental-treatment-under-general-anesthesia
#3
Marie-Cécile Valéra, Isabelle Aragon, Paul Monsarrat, Fréderic Vaysse, Emmanuelle Noirrit-Esclassan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the attitude of parents towards the oral health of their children before oral rehabilitation under general anesthesia (GA). STUDY DESIGN: Children receiving dental treatment under GA between November 2013 and July 2014 in the Pediatric Dentistry Department (University Hospital Center, Toulouse, France) were enrolled in an oral health preventive program. An anonymous questionnaire was self-administered by the parents during the pre-operative session...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617373/clinical-performance-of-indirect-composite-onlays-as-esthetic-alternative-to-stainless-steel-crowns-for-rehabilitation-of-a-large-carious-primary-molar
#4
Hitesh Chander Mittal, Ashima Goyal, Krishan Gauba, Aditi Kapur
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinical performance of indirect resin composite onlays (IRC onlay) compared to stainless steel crowns (SSCs), as an esthetic alternative for rehabilitation of extensively carious primary molars. STUDY DESIGN: Fifty pediatric patients each received either IRC onlay or SSC randomly on extensively carious endodontically treated primary molars. All the restorations were evaluated at baseline and then every 6 months till 36 months using 'modified FDI criteria' for retention, marginal integrity, occlusion, proximal contact, secondary caries and gingival health...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27484601/assessment-of-oral-status-in-pediatric-patients-with-special-health-care-needs-receiving-dental-rehabilitation-procedures-under-general-anesthesia-a-retrospective-analysis
#5
Neeraj Solanki, Anuj Kumar, Neha Awasthi, Anjali Kundu, Suveet Mathur, Suresh Bidhumadhav
INTRODUCTION: Dental problems serve as additional burden on the children with special health care needs (CSHCN) because of additional hospitalization pressure, they face for the treatment of various serious medical problems. These patients have higher incidence of dental caries due to increased quantity of sugar involved in the drug therapies and lower salivary flow in the oral cavity. Such patients are difficult to treat with local anesthesia or inhaled sedatives. Single-sitting dental treatment is possible in these patients with general anesthesia...
2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27365944/knowledge-and-awareness-among-parents-and-general-dental-practitioners-regarding-rehabilitation-with-full-coverage-restoration-in-children-a-multi-centric-trial
#6
Aman Moda, Gyanendra Saroj, Swati Sharma, Basant Gupta
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge and awareness among parents and general dental practitioners regarding rehabilitation with full coverage restoration in children following pulp therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A multiple choice questionnaire was given to 1,000 parents and 400 general practitioners in this multicentric trial. The questionnaire assessed their beliefs, knowledge regarding care of primary teeth, assessment of treating children, and knowledge regarding importance of primary teeth...
April 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27348689/mid-term-dental-and-nerve-related-complications-of-infant-distraction-for-robin-sequence
#7
Jordan P Steinberg, Colin M Brady, Brittany R Waters, Magdalena Soldanska, Fernando D Burstein, Jack E Thomas, Joseph K Williams
BACKGROUND: Mandibular distraction is effective for relieving airway obstruction in Robin sequence; however, mid-term dental and nerve-related complications have not been adequately studied. METHODS: Records were reviewed for patients with a single distraction in infancy using internal devices. Follow-up was 5 years or longer. Craniofacial dysmorphic syndromes and those affecting facial nerve function were excluded. Part I involved a review of dental records, whereas Part II involved assessment of inferior alveolar and marginal mandibular nerve function in returning patients with the use of 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane cold stimulation and photography, respectively...
July 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27274149/effect-of-comprehensive-dental-rehabilitation-on-growth-parameters-in-pediatric-patients-with-severe-early-childhood-caries
#8
REVIEW
Jayna Sachdev, Kalpana Bansal, Radhika Chopra
BACKGROUND: Children who have severe early childhood caries (S-ECC) weigh significantly less than caries-free children. The association between S-ECC and weight suggests that its timely treatment at early stages may preserve general health, in addition to preventing pain and infection. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to evaluate whether children with untreated S-ECC had lower weight and height as compared with children with low caries and to evaluate whether full mouth rehabilitation of children with S-ECC resulted in the phenomenon of catch-up growth...
January 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26662044/short-term-effects-of-povidone-iodine-and-sodium-fluoride-therapy-on-plaque-levels-and-microbiome-diversity
#9
C Reilly, M Goettl, M Steinmetz, J Nikrad, R S Jones
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of short-term changes in the oral microbial ecology of dental plaque and plaque levels after topical treatment of a combination of 10% povidone iodine (PI) and 5% sodium fluoride varnish (FV). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single group design intervention study on 12 pediatric patients, who underwent two baseline plaques samplings before the intervention, were enrolled in the study. A modified mixed dentition Silness-Löe plaque index score was used to assess plaque accumulation and microbial composition was assessed by amplicon sequencing analysis of the 16S rRNA V4 region...
March 2016: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26650495/pulseless-ventricular-tachycardia-during-office-based-anesthetic-in-a-four-year-old-child
#10
Timothy M Orr, Daniel L Orr
A 4-year-old 16-kg boy presented for full mouth dental rehabilitation in a private pediatric dental office. The patient had no significant previous medical history. Upon sevoflurane induction by a dentist anesthesiologist, the patient converted from normal sinus rhythm to pulseless ventricular tachycardia. Advanced cardiac life support protocol was initiated. After 2 automatic external defibrillator shocks were delivered in conjunction with epinephrine administration, the patient returned to normal sinus rhythm...
2015: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26551361/prosthetic-oral-rehabilitation-of-a-child-with-s-ecc-a-case-report-with-histopathologic-analysis
#11
P N Tannure, G G Moraes, McU Borba, A Abrahão, Mtrc Andrade, Tks Fidalgo
The aim of this case report is to describe the treatment planning of a young child with severe early childhood caries (S-ECC) as well as the prosthetic rehabilitation technique. A 3-year-old female child was referred to the pediatric dentistry clinic with the chief complaint of tooth pain, difficulty in eating and recurrent hospitalizations caused by dental infections. The mother reported intermittent episodes of fever and recurrent swelling of child's face. The girl presented angular cheilitis and was referred to a dietitian...
2015: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26538948/dental-rehabilitation-of-a-child-with-early-childhood-caries-using-groper-s-appliance
#12
C Chrishantha Joybell, K Ramesh, Paul Simon, Jayashree Mohan, Maya Ramesh
The mainstay of pediatric dental practice is the successful esthetic rehabilitation of a preschooler with advanced carious lesions. Loss of masticatory efficiency, compromised esthesis, mispronunciation of labiodentals sounds, and development of abnormal oral habits are compromises arising due to the loss of primary anterior teeth at an early age either due to trauma or due to caries. Parental desire is the most decisive factor for the placement of an anterior esthetic appliance. This unique case report highlights the fabrication of simple, Groper's appliance in a 5-year-old child with early childhood caries...
August 2015: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26299752/measuring-patients-experience-of-rehabilitation-services-across-the-care-continuum-part-i-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#13
REVIEW
Josephine McMurray, Heather McNeil, Claire Lafortune, Samantha Black, Jeanette Prorok, Paul Stolee
OBJECTIVE: To identify empirically tested survey instruments designed to measure patient experience across a rehabilitative care system. DATA SOURCES: A comprehensive search was conducted of the MEDLINE (PubMed), CINAHL (EBSCO), and PsycINFO (APA PsycNET) databases from 2004 to 2014. Further searches were conducted in relevant journals and the reference lists of the final accepted articles. STUDY SELECTION: Of 2472 articles identified, 33 were selected for inclusion and analysis...
January 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26236683/predictors-of-dental-rehabilitation-in-children-aged-3-12-years
#14
Vellore Kannan Gopinath, Manal A Awad
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the proportion of completed treatments and to study the factors affecting the full mouth dental rehabilitation in pediatric patients treated by undergraduate students at the College of Dental Medicine Teaching Clinics, University of Sharjah. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on 270 children aged less than 12 years (mean age 7.6, SD 2.04). Comprehensive dental rehabilitation reports of child patients that were completed by final year dental undergraduate students from the year 2009 to 2011 were reviewed...
May 2015: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26147175/adhesive-reattachment-rehabilitating-a-nonvital-central-incisor-with-a-complicated-crown-root-fracture-1-year-follow-up
#15
Marcilio Jorge Fernandes Monteiro, Flavia Cohen-Carneiro, Giselle Desideri Tino, Andre Augusto Franco Marques, Danielson Guedes Pontes
Dental trauma requires immediate treatment. However, some conventional treatments (such as an implant and/or partial fixed denture) will not always be immediately possible, due to the patient's age (mainly in pediatric cases) or lack of immediate financial resources. In such situations, the technique of adhesive reattachment plays an important role as a treatment option in the interim. This case report describes the use of adhesive fragment reattachment in the rehabilitation of a maxillary central incisor with a complicated crown-root fracture...
July 2015: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26145475/-dental-treatment-in-children-with-dystrophic-form-of-epidermolysis-bullosa
#16
M V Korolenkova
The aim of the study was to summarize the experience for providing oral health care in children with epidermolysis bullosa (EB) treated in Central Research Institute of Dentistry and Maxillofacial Surgery in 2013-2014. Seven EB patients (5 female and 2 male aged 5-17) with dystrophic form of EB were included in the study. Oral status was recorded (oral hygiene, presence of enamel hypoplasia and intraoral soft tissue lesions). Dental treatment provided included teeth extractions under conscious sedation (6 cases), teeth treatment (both conventional and ART methods) (5 cases) and preventive program (5 cases)...
2015: Stomatologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26124583/single-visit-apexification-procedure-of-a-traumatically-injured-tooth-with-a-novel-bioinductive-material-biodentine
#17
Navroop Kaur Bajwa, Mahesh Madhukar Jingarwar, Anuradha Pathak
UNLABELLED: Aim of this article is to present a case wherein single visit apexification of a traumatically injured tooth was done with a bioactive material-Biodentine. An injury sustained between the ages of 6 and 14 can adversely affect pulpal health and interrupt root development. In these instances, apexification is generally the preferred treatment. A 10 years old male patient presented with coronal fracture of the left upper central incisor. Clinical and radiographic assessment showed negative pulpal sensibility and arrested apical root development...
January 2015: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26124582/oral-rehabilitation-for-amniotic-band-syndrome-an-unusual-presentation
#18
Kavita Hotwani, Krishna Sharma
Amniotic band syndrome (ABS) is a congenital disorder caused by entrapment of fetal parts in fibrous amniotic bands while in utero. The syndrome is underdiagnosed and its presentation is variable. The syndrome has been well described in the pediatric, orthopedic and obstetric literature; however, despite the discernable craniomaxillofacial involvement, ABS has not been reported in the dental literature very often. The present report describes a case of a patient with ABS and concomitant dental findings. How to cite this article: Hotwani K, Sharma K...
January 2015: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26033710/dental-trauma-in-brazilian-children-and-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy
#19
Andreia Medeiros Rodrigues Cardoso, Clara Regina Duarte Silva, Lays Nóbrega Gomes, Monalisa da Nóbrega Cesarino Gomes, Wilton Wilney Nascimento Padilha, Alessandro Leite Cavalcanti
BACKGROUND: Assessing the frequency and factors associated with dental trauma in pediatric populations with cerebral palsy is important for the planning and implementation of prevention and health promotion programs. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and factors associated with dental trauma in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study with a non-probabilistic sample of 80 patients aged 2-18 years was treated in a rehabilitation institution in northeastern Brazil...
December 2015: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25970339/the-effects-of-bispectral-index-monitoring-on-hemodynamics-and-recovery-profile-in-developmentally-delayed-pediatric-patients-undergoing-dental-surgery
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Mehmet Sargin, Mehmet Selcuk Uluer, Sadık Ozmen
BACKGROUND: General anesthesia is often preferred for dental surgery or rehabilitation in developmentally delayed pediatric patients. Bispectral index monitoring is used to monitor the depth of anesthesia and to ensure early recovery. However, studies on the topic in developmentally delayed pediatric patients are limited. AIM: To evaluate the effects of Bispectral Index Scale (BIS) on hemodynamics and recovery profile in developmentally delayed pediatric patients undergoing dental surgery...
September 2015: Paediatric Anaesthesia
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