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pediatric dental behavior management

Ravish Ahuja, Bhuvan Jyoti, Vinod Shewale, Shridhar Shetty, Santosh Kumar Subudhi, Manpreet Kaur
INTRODUCTION: Behavioral management of patients forms one of the foremost components of pediatric dental treatment. Some children readily cooperate with dental treatment, while others require general anesthesia as a part of treatment protocol for carrying out various dental procedures. Hence, we evaluated the pediatric patients with and without mental retardation, who underwent dental treatment under general anesthesia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study analyzed the record of 480 pediatric patients reporting in the department of pedodontics from 2008 to 2014...
2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Karthik Venkataraghavan, Jolly Shah, Manpreet Kaur, Krishna Trivedi, Shalin Shah, Mira Virda
INTRODUCTION: The contemporary parents are more active and participate in the decision making during dental treatment. AIM: To assess the parents' acceptance towards behavior management techniques commonly used in the pediatric dentistry in different dental situation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-one parents participated in the study. Children's dental fear was assessed by the parents before attending power point presentation using Dental Subscale of the Children's Fear Survey Schedule (CFSS-DS)...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Giath Gazal, Wamiq Musheer Fareed, Muhammad Sohail Zafar, Khalid H Al-Samadani
For fearful and uncooperative children behavioral management techniques are used. In order to control the pain and anxiety in pedodontic patients, pharmacologic sedation, anesthesia and analgesia are commonly used. Midazolam is commonly used as an oral sedation agent in children; it has several features such as safety of use, quick onset and certain degree of amnesia that makes it a desirable sedation agent in children. This review paper discusses various aspects of oral midazolam, ketamine and their combinations in conscious sedation including, advantages of oral route of sedation, pharmacokinetics, range of oral doses, and antagonists for clinical dental treatment procedures...
July 2016: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
Vasanthi Done, Ravichandrasekhar Kotha, Aron Arun Kumar Vasa, Suzan Sahana, Raghavendra Kumar Jadadoddi, Sushma Bezawada
INTRODUCTION: Most children are casual and moderately agreeable in the dental treatment environment, however some of them show practices that upset the professional and make the protected conveyance of worthy treatment extremely troublesome. For such cases dental practitioner utilizes behavior management techniques. At the point when behavioral administration procedures come up short, some type of pharmacologic sedation or anesthesia may be an important and vital option. Dental sedation is a strategy in which the utilization of a medication or drugs produce(s) a condition of depression of the central sensory system empowering treatment to be completed during which verbal contact with the patient is kept up all through the time of sedation...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
K U Omeje, I O Amole, O D Osunde, A A Efunkoya
Odontogenic fibromyxoma (OFM) is a benign, locally invasive and aggressive nonmetastasizing neoplasm of jaw bones. They are considered relatively rare and known to be derived from embryonic mesenchymal elements of dental origin. Treatment of OFM depends on the size of the lesion and on its nature and behavior. Varying treatment modalities ranging from curettage to radical excision have been documented. Aim; This paper is a review of management of 8 pediatric patients with histologically diagnosed OFM at a Nigerian tertiary health care facility...
November 2015: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
Hassan Mohamed Kawia, Hawa Shariff Mbawalla, Febronia Kokulengya Kahabuka
BACKGROUND: Management of children's behavior is an integral component of pediatric dental practice. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the oral health care providers' awareness, use and factors for choice of behavior management techniques when attending paediatric dental patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study among dental practitioners in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Data collection was done through interview using a structured questionnaire. The recorded information included: awareness and application of behavior management techniques (BMT) when attending a child dental patient, factors influencing choice of a particular technique, socio-demographics, level of professional training, working experience and facility profile...
2015: Open Dentistry Journal
Kausar Sadia Fakhruddin, Hisham El Batawi, Mehmet Omer Gorduysus
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to assess the effectiveness of audiovisual distraction technique with video eyewear and computerized delivery system-intrasulcular (CDS-IS) during the application of local anesthetic in phobic pediatric patients undergoing pulp therapy of primary molars. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized, crossover clinical study includes 60 children, aged between 4 and 7-year-old (31 boys and 29 girls). Children were randomly distributed equally into two groups as A and B...
October 2015: European Journal of Dentistry
Monica Patel, Dennis J McTigue, Sarat Thikkurissy, Henry W Fields
PURPOSE: To re-examine parental attitudes toward advanced behavior management techniques in pediatric dentistry and determine whether cost, urgency, and amount of treatment influence parental preferences. METHODS: Parents viewed previously validated videotaped clinical vignettes of four advanced behavior guidance techniques: (1) passive immobilization; (2) active immobilization; (3) general anesthesia; and (4) oral sedation. The study was conducted in a children's hospital dental clinic and a suburban private pediatric dentistry office...
January 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
Sarah A Alkandari, Fatemah Almousa, Mohammad Abdulwahab, Sean G Boynes
The aim of this study was to investigate the attitude of dentists in Kuwait toward the use of nitrous oxide sedation as a behavior management technique (BMT) for pediatric patients and assess their training in nitrous oxide sedation. In addition, we assessed parents' knowledge of and attitude toward the use of nitrous oxide as a BMT for their children. The objective was to determine if nitrous oxide sedation is being provided and utilized as a means to enhance dental care for pediatric patients. A cross-sectional survey was randomly distributed to both groups of interest: parents accompanying their children to the dentist and licensed dentists in Kuwait...
2016: Anesthesia Progress
Abrar Sayed, Vinisha Ranna, Dimple Padawe, Vilas Takate
BACKGROUND: Adapting a child to the alien settings of a dental operatory is a major challenge to the dentist. Fear of the unknown and preconceived notions of dental pain causes anxiety in the pediatric patient. This often leads to disruptive and uncooperative behavior in the dental operatory. Many methods of behavior management have been described, of which the Tell-Show-Do (TSD) is an established and time-tested technique of behavior management. AIM: To determine if a live visual output of the dental operating microscope (DOM) could be used as an adjunct to the TSD technique, to involve the child more completely in the procedure and reduce the fear of the unknown...
January 2016: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2015: Pediatric Dentistry
John Rutkauskas, N Sue Seale, Paul Casamassimo, John S Rutkauskas
For children to receive needed oral health care, adequate training at both the predoctoral and postdoctoral levels of dental education is required, but previous studies have found inadequacies in predoctoral education that lead to general dentists' unwillingness to treat certain young populations. As another way of assessing predoctoral preparation, the aim of this study was to determine the perspectives of first-year residents and pediatric program directors about residents' preparedness to enter advanced education programs in pediatric dentistry...
November 2015: Journal of Dental Education
Arturo Garrocho-Rangel, Raúl Márquez-Preciado, Ana-Isabel Olguín-Vivar, Socorro Ruiz-Rodríguez, Amaury Pozos-Guillén
According to the World Health Organization, child abuse and neglect is "every kind of physical, sexual, emotional abuse, neglect or negligent treatment, commercial or other exploitation resulting in actual or potential harm to the child's health, survival, development or dignity in the context of a relationship of responsibility, trust or power". The aim of the present report is to inform about the most relevant aspects of child abuse and the characteristics of injuries to the head, neck, and orofacial regions, in addition to the suggested role of, and management by, the dentist for the evaluation of this condition, and also for reporting a case of a physically and sexually abused girl aged 5 years 8 months...
July 2015: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Antiana D Perry, Hiroko Iida, Lauren L Patton, Rebecca S Wilder
PURPOSE: Oral complications are common in children undergoing head and neck radiation and chemotherapy. The purpose of this study is to examine the knowledge, perceived ability and practice behaviors of pediatric oncology and hematology nurses in assisting with the various oral health care needs of pediatric oncology patients and to identify pediatric oncology nurses' previous training/education, practice types and other demographic characteristics that are related to their oral health competencies...
August 2015: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
Christopher Stewart, Martin Kinirons
AIMS: To determine the self-assessed continuing professional development (CPD) needs of dental practitioners and identify how each discipline can best be served by a dental CPD programme. To set findings in the context of the available literature and contribute to the development of CPD programmes. METHOD: Topics were arranged into eight disciplines: practice management; paediatric dentistry; preventive dentistry; orthodontics; behaviour management; dentistry for people with a disability; oral medicine and surgery; and, restorative dentistry...
February 2015: Journal of the Irish Dental Association
Katayoun Salem, Shaqayegh Kamranzadeh, Maryam Kousha, Shahnaz Shaeghi, Fatemeh AbdollahGorgi
Pharmacological sedation is an alternative behavior management strategy in pediatric dentistry. The aim of this study was to compare the behavioral and physiologic effects of "commercially midazolam syrup" versus "orally administered IV midazolam dosage form (extemporaneous midazolam (EF))" in uncooperative pediatric dental patients. Eighty-eight children between 4 to 7 years of age received 0.2-0.5 mg/kg midazolam in this parallel trial. Physiologic parameters were recorded at baseline and every 15 minutes...
2015: International Journal of Pediatrics
Ossam Rhondali, Edith Villeneuve, Géraldine Queyrel, Mijanou Delorme, Daniel Vischoff, Sophie Saindon, Marie-Andrée Girard, Jean Charest, Sylvain Mathews
BACKGROUND: Fast-track recovery processes are implemented for pediatric day case surgery. We conducted a prospective study to evaluate postoperative comfort and parental satisfaction of children included in this process to improve quality of care. METHODS: We included all children scheduled for superficial procedures or dental treatment outside the operating room. A questionnaire was explained to parents before hospital discharge to evaluate the first night at home...
October 2015: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Kelly Oliver, David John Manton
Effective behavior management guides children through the complex social context of dentistry utilizing techniques based on a current understanding of the social, emotional, and cognitive development of children. Behavior management techniques facilitate effective communication and establish social and behavioral guidelines for the dental environment. Contemporary parenting styles, expectations, and attitudes of modern parents and society have influenced the use of behavior management techniques with a prevailing emphasis on communicative techniques and pharmacological management over aversive techniques...
January 2015: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Faizal C Peedikayil, Ajoy Vijayan
Pain control is an important part of dentistry, particularly in the management of children. Behavior guidance, and dose and technique of administration of the local anesthetic are important considerations in the successful treatment of a pediatric patient. The purpose of the present review is to discuss the relevant data on topics involved, and on the current methods available in the administration of local anesthesia used for pediatric dental patients.
January 2013: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
E A Shavlokhova, I F Ostreĭkov, M V Korolenkova
OBJECTIVE: To improve the quality of dental treatment in children by using combined anaesthesia technique including local anaesthesia and conscious sedation, and to assess the effectiveness of conscious sedation for younger children undergoing dental treatment. METHODS: The study included 208 children aged 14-88 months who received dental treatment for tooth decay and its complication under combined anaesthesia. Midazolam was used as sedative medication. Sedation level was assessed by visual scale and BIS-monitoring...
September 2014: Anesteziologiia i Reanimatologiia
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