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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633958/small-talk-identifying-communication-problems-in-maltreated-children
#1
M Frederico, A L Jackson, C M Black, A Cox, B Joffe
Development of speech and language is rapid in early years, yet if developmental problems in speech and language are not addressed they are likely to continue and impact negatively on a child's overall development and their life trajectory. Children who have experienced abuse and or neglect are particularly vulnerable. The aim of this study was to develop a tool to assist in identifying a child's need for assessment by a speech pathologist so that there could be early identification of problems. A culturally sensitive tool was developed to be completed by the child's carer included questions on language, speech and hearing, voice, fluency, understanding sentences, vocabulary and expression...
June 17, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632331/the-validity-of-register-data-to-identify-children-with-atopic-dermatitis-asthma-or-allergic-rhinoconjunctivitis
#2
Lone Graff Stensballe, Lotte Klansø, Andreas Jensen, Ann Haerskjold, Simon Francis Thomsen, Jacob Simonsen
BACKGROUND: The incidence of atopic dermatitis, wheezing, asthma and allergic rhinoconjunctivitis have been increasing. Register-based studies are essential for research in subpopulations with specific diseases, and facilitate epidemiological studies to identify causes and evaluate interventions. Algorithms have been developed to identify children with atopic dermatitis, asthma or allergic rhinoconjunctivitis using register information on disease-specific dispensed prescribed medication and hospital contacts, but the validity of the algorithms has not been evaluated...
June 20, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627003/sonographic-screening-for-wilms-tumor-in-children-with-cloves-syndrome
#3
Caitlin M Peterman, R Dawn Fevurly, Ahmad I Alomari, Cameron C Trenor, Denise M Adams, Sophie Vadeboncoeur, Marilyn G Liang, Arin K Greene, John B Mulliken, Steven J Fishman
BACKGROUND: CLOVES syndrome is associated with somatic mosaic PIK3CA mutations and characterized by congenital lipomatous overgrowth, vascular malformations, epidermal nevi, and skeletal anomalies. Wilms tumor (WT) is a malignant embryonal renal neoplasm associated with hemihypertrophy and certain overgrowth disorders. After identifying WT in a child with CLOVES, we questioned whether ultrasonographic screening was necessary in these patients. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients with CLOVES syndrome in our Vascular Anomalies Center at Boston Children's Hospital between 1998 and 2016 to identify those who developed WT...
June 19, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621485/the-conundrums-of-human-development-implications-for-the-study-of-child-and-adolescent-disorder
#4
EDITORIAL
Alice M Gregory
The conundrums inherent in the study of child and adolescent development are likely never far from the minds of the readers of JCPP. The complexity of development is flagged clearly in this issue. Included papers remind us that the link between associations (here maternal depression and child internalising problems) can change over short time periods. Even when the magnitude of associations stay consistent over time (here between the home environment and depression), there may be different aetiological processes underlying these links...
July 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621480/analogy-and-abstraction
#5
Dedre Gentner, Christian Hoyos
A central question in human development is how young children gain knowledge so fast. We propose that analogical generalization drives much of this early learning and allows children to generate new abstractions from experience. In this paper, we review evidence for analogical generalization in both children and adults. We discuss how analogical processes interact with the child's changing knowledge base to predict the course of learning, from conservative to domain-general understanding. This line of research leads to challenges to existing assumptions about learning...
June 16, 2017: Topics in Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593597/the-stability-of-self-reported-anxiety-in-youth-with-autism-versus-adhd-or-typical-development
#6
Hillary Schiltz, Nancy McIntyre, Lindsay Swain-Lerro, Matthew Zajic, Peter Mundy
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are at risk for anxiety symptoms. Few anxiety measures are validated for individuals with ASD, and the nature of ASD raises questions about reliability of self-reported anxiety. This study examined longitudinal stability and change of self-reported anxiety in higher functioning youth with ASD (HFASD) compared to youth with symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and typical development (TD) using the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children (March, 2012; March et al...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589114/unexpected-findings-in-a-child-with-atypical-hemolytic-uremic-syndrome-an-example-of-how-genomics-is-changing-the-clinical-diagnostic-paradigm
#7
Eleanor G Seaby, Rodney D Gilbert, Gaia Andreoletti, Reuben J Pengelly, Catherine Mercer, David Hunt, Sarah Ennis
CBL is a tumor suppressor gene on chromosome 11 encoding a multivalent adaptor protein with E3 ubiquitin ligase activity. Germline CBL mutations are dominant. Pathogenic de novo mutations result in a phenotype that overlaps Noonan syndrome (1). Some patients with CBL mutations go on to develop juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML), an aggressive malignancy that usually necessitates bone marrow transplantation. Using whole exome sequencing methods, we identified a known mutation in CBL in a 4-year-old Caucasian boy with atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome, moyamoya phenomenon, and dysmorphology consistent with a mild Noonan-like phenotype...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582988/trust-of-community-health-workers-influences-the-acceptance-of-community-based-maternal-and-child-health-services
#8
Merridy Grant, Aurene Wilford, Lyn Haskins, Sifiso Phakathi, Ntokozo Mntambo, Christiane M Horwood
BACKGROUND: Community health workers (CHWs) are a component of the health system in many countries, providing effective community-based services to mothers and infants. However, implementation of CHW programmes at scale has been challenging in many settings. AIM: To explore the acceptability of CHWs conducting household visits to mothers and infants during pregnancy and after delivery, from the perspective of community members, professional nurses and CHWs themselves...
May 29, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579413/fertility-in-adult-women-with-classic-galactosemia-and-primary-ovarian-insufficiency
#9
Britt van Erven, Gerard T Berry, David Cassiman, Geraldine Connolly, Maria Forga, Matthias Gautschi, Cynthia S Gubbels, Carla E M Hollak, Mirian C Janssen, Ina Knerr, Philippe Labrune, Janneke G Langendonk, Katrin Õunap, Abel Thijs, Rein Vos, Saskia B Wortmann, M Estela Rubio-Gozalbo
OBJECTIVE: To study pregnancy chance in adult women with classic galactosemia and primary ovarian insufficiency. Despite dietary treatment, >90% of women with classic galactosemia develop primary ovarian insufficiency, resulting in impaired fertility. For many years, chance of spontaneous conception has not been considered, leading to counseling for infertility. But an increasing number of reports on pregnancies in this group questions whether current counseling approaches are correct...
June 1, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579405/human-embryo-research-in-belgium-an-overview
#10
Guido Pennings, Seppe Segers, Sophie Debrock, Björn Heindryckx, Velichka Kontozova-Deutsch, Usha Punjabi, Hilde Vande Velde, André van Steirteghem, Heidi Mertes
OBJECTIVE: To present an overview of the numbers and types of human embryos used in research projects in Belgium from 2007 to 2015. DESIGN: Analysis of all research proposals approved by the Federal Commission for Medical and Scientific Research on Embryos In Vitro. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Number of embryos used for research, number of embryos created for research, and areas of embryo research...
June 1, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569385/engaging-indigenous-families-in-a-community-based-indigenous-early-childhood-programme-in-british-columbia-canada-a-cultural-safety-perspective
#11
Alison J Gerlach, Annette J Browne, Margo Greenwood
This article is part of a larger study that explored how an Indigenous early intervention programme in British Columbia (BC), Canada, known as the 'Aboriginal Infant Development Program' (AIDP), influenced family and children's health and well-being and was responsive to child health inequities. Postcolonial feminist and Indigenous feminist perspectives provided a critical analytical lens to this qualitative inquiry. The study was undertaken with AIDPs based in diverse community organisations located in off-reserve urban municipalities throughout the province of BC...
June 1, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567278/psychosocial-stimulation-interventions-for-children-with-severe-acute-malnutrition-a-systematic-review
#12
Allison I Daniel, Robert H Bandsma, Lyubov Lytvyn, Wieger P Voskuijl, Isabel Potani, Meta van den Heuvel
BACKGROUND: The WHO Guidelines for the inpatient treatment of severely malnourished children include a recommendation to provide sensory stimulation or play therapy for children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM). This systematic review was performed to synthesize evidence around this recommendation. Specifically, the objective was to answer the question: "In children with severe acute malnutrition, does psychosocial stimulation improve child developmental, nutritional, or other outcomes?" METHODS: A review protocol was registered on the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO 2016: CRD42016036403)...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566020/do-parents-of-adolescents-request-the-same-universal-parental-support-as-parents-of-younger-children-a-random-sample-of-swedish-parents
#13
Karin Thorslund, Jan Johansson Hanse, Ulf Axberg
Universal parental support intended to enhance parents' capacity for parenting is an important aspect of public health strategies. However, support has mostly been aimed at parents, especially mothers, of younger children. There is a gap in the research concerning parents of adolescents and fathers' interest in parenting support. AIM: To investigate and compare the interest in parenting support of parents of adolescents and younger children, potential differences between mothers and fathers, and their knowledge of what is being offered to them already, and to explore their requirements for future universal parental support...
May 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560777/in-child-and-adult-migraineurs-the-somatosensory-cortex-stands-out-%C3%A2-again-an-arterial-spin-labeling-investigation
#14
Andrew M Youssef, Allison Ludwick, Sophie L Wilcox, Alyssa Lebel, Ke Peng, Elisabeth Colon, Amy Danehy, Rami Burstein, Lino Becerra, David Borsook
Over the past decade, human brain imaging investigations have reported altered regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in the interictal phase of migraine. However, there have been conflicting findings across different investigations, making the use of perfusion imaging in migraine pathophysiology more difficult to define. These inconsistencies may reflect technical constraints with traditional perfusion imaging methods such as single-photon emission computed tomography and positron emission tomography. Comparatively, pseudocontinuous arterial spin labeling (pCASL) is a recently developed magnetic resonance imaging technique that is noninvasive and offers superior spatial resolution and increased sensitivity...
May 31, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557755/validation-of-new-quality-measures-for-transitions-between-sites-of-care
#15
Layla Parast, Q Burkhart, Arti D Desai, Tamara D Simon, Carolyn Allshouse, Maria T Britto, JoAnna K Leyenaar, Courtney A Gidengil, Sara L Toomey, Marc N Elliott, Eric C Schneider, Rita Mangione-Smith
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Assessing and improving the quality of transitions to home from the emergency department (ED) or hospital is critical for patient safety. Our objective was to validate 8 newly developed caregiver-reported measures of transition quality. METHODS: This prospective observational study included 1086 caregiver survey respondents whose children had an ED visit (n = 523) or hospitalization (n = 563) at Seattle Children's Hospital in 2014. Caregivers were contacted to complete 2 surveys...
May 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553653/not-only-glycaemic-but-also-other-metabolic-factors-affect-t-regulatory-cell-counts-and-proinflammatory-cytokine-levels-in-women-with-type-1-diabetes
#16
Katerina Stechova, Jana Sklenarova-Labikova, Tereza Kratzerova, Pavlina Pithova, Dominik Filipp
Type 1 diabetic (T1D) patients suffer from insulinopenia and hyperglycaemia. Studies have shown that if a patient's hyperglycaemic environment is not compensated, it leads to complex immune dysfunctions. Similarly, T1D mothers with poor glycaemic control exert a negative impact on the immune responses of their newborns. However, questions concerning the impact of other metabolic disturbances on the immune system of T1D mothers (and their newborns) have been raised. To address these questions, we examined 28 T1D women in reproductive age for the relationship between various metabolic, clinical, and immune parameters...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552100/health-anxiety-and-illness-behaviour-in-children-of-mothers-with-severe-health-anxiety
#17
Mette Viller Thorgaard
Excessive health anxiety, still designated as hypochondriasis in ICD-10, refers to worries and anxiety about harbouring serious illness. It is common in both primary and secondary health care with prevalence rates up to 9% and causes great suffering for the individual as well as high health care costs when untreated. Growing research suggests that health anxiety may originate in childhood, and studies have demonstrated that cognitive and behavioural features similar to those described for health anxiety in adults may be present...
May 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546752/essence-q-used-as-a-screening-tool-for-neurodevelopmental-problems-in-public-health-checkups-for-young-children-in-south-japan
#18
Yuhei Hatakenaka, Hitoshi Ninomiya, Eva Billstedt, Elisabeth Fernell, Christopher Gillberg
BACKGROUND: Screening for developmental disorders is an important task for Child Health Care. The concept of ESSENCE (early symptomatic syndromes eliciting neurodevelopmental clinical examinations) was created to cover all types of early developmental disorders and the ESSENCE-Questionnaire (ESSENCE-Q containing 12 questions with possible total scores ranging from 0 to 22) was developed as a tool for early detection of these disorders. The aim of this study was to perform a validation study in a public health situation in Japan...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544343/levels-of-anxiety-in-parents-in-the-24-h-before-and-after-their-child-s-surgery-a-descriptive-study
#19
Laura Pomicino, Elena Maccacari, Sara Buchini
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To: a. investigate pre and post-operative anxiety levels in parents of surgical patients; b. identify factors that affect parental anxiety; c. analyze assistance provided and overall parental satisfaction in order to assess if and how this aspect can impact their anxiety level. BACKGROUND: Surgery as an event generates anxiety in children and their parents. Children who are anxious before surgery are likely to develop more postoperative psychological and physiological complications than those who are not...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542225/the-impact-of-health-promotion-on-trachoma-knowledge-attitudes-and-practice-kap-of-staff-in-three-work-settings-in-remote-indigenous-communities-in-the-northern-territory
#20
Fiona D Lange, Kelly Jones, Rebecca Ritte, Haley E Brown, Hugh R Taylor
BACKGROUND: Globally, trachoma is the leading cause of infectious blindness and Australia is the only developed country with endemic trachoma. It is found in remote Indigenous communities burdened with poverty, overcrowding and poor hygiene. Lack of culturally appropriate health promotion, a small trachoma workforce and lack of awareness and support for trachoma elimination in general, were early barriers. METHODS: A cross-sectional pre-post study using a convenience sample, was conducted in clinics, schools and community work-settings from 63 of the 82 remote Aboriginal communities identified as being at risk of trachoma in the Northern Territory (NT)...
May 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
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