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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925044/self-concept-predicts-academic-achievement-across-levels-of-the-achievement-distribution-domain-specificity-for-math-and-reading
#1
Maria Ines Susperreguy, Pamela E Davis-Kean, Kathryn Duckworth, Meichu Chen
This study examines whether self-concept of ability in math and reading predicts later math and reading attainment across different levels of achievement. Data from three large-scale longitudinal data sets, the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development-Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development, and Panel Study of Income Dynamics-Child Development Supplement, were used to answer this question by employing quantile regression analyses. After controlling for demographic variables, child characteristics, and early ability, the findings indicate that self-concept of ability in math and reading predicts later achievement in each respective domain across all quantile levels of achievement...
September 18, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923784/assessment-of-quality-of-life-on-4-year-growth-hormone-therapy-in-japanese-patients-with-adult-growth-hormone-deficiency-a-post-marketing-multicenter-observational-study
#2
Hitoshi Ishii, Akira Shimatsu, Hiromi Nishinaga, Osamu Murai, Kazuo Chihara
OBJECTIVE: Improvement of quality of life (QOL) by growth hormone (GH) therapy was not demonstrated in Japanese adult growth hormone deficiency (AGHD) patients by either the QOL Assessment of Growth Hormone Deficiency in Adults or the Questions on Life Satisfaction-Hypopituitarism, which are widely used to evaluate QOL in Western AGHD patients. We therefore evaluated QOL in Japanese AGHD patients receiving recombinant GH, Norditropin® (Novo Nordisk A/S, Denmark), using the newly developed Adult Hypopituitarism Questionnaire (AHQ)...
September 1, 2017: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905355/revealing-hidden-talents-the-development-use-and-benefit-of-vesparch
#3
Julia R Badger, Jane Mellanby
BACKGROUND: School attainment tests and Cognitive Abilities Tests are used in the United Kingdom to set targets for educational outcome. Whilst these are good predictors, they depend not only on basic ability but also on learnt knowledge and skills, such as reading. METHOD AND AIMS: VESPARCH is an online group test of verbal and spatial reasoning, which we propose gives a measure that more closely approximates to basic ability - fluid intelligence. The verbal test contains highly familiar words, does not require the child to read them, is untimed, and provides detailed feedback on five practice questions for each part of the test...
September 14, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902320/-investing-in-health-the-economic-case-report-of-the-wish-investing-in-health-forum-2016
#4
Gavin Yamey, Naomi Beyeler, Hester Wadge, Dean Jamison
Developing country governments and aid agencies face difficult decisions on how best to allocate their finite resources. Investments in many different sectors -including education, water and sanitation, transportation, and health- can all reap social and economic benefits. This report focuses specifically on the health sector. It presents compelling evidence of the value of scaling-up health investments. The economic case for increasing these investments in health has never been stronger. Having made progress in reducing maternal and child mortality, and deaths from infectious diseases, it is essential that policymakers do not become complacent...
May 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892127/parental-co-construction-of-5-to-13-year-olds-global-self-esteem-through-reminiscing-about-past-events
#5
Michelle A Harris, M B Donnellan, Jen Guo, Dan P McAdams, Mauricio Garnier-Villarreal, Kali H Trzesniewski
The current study explored parental processes associated with children's global self-esteem development. Eighty 5- to 13-year-olds and one of their parents provided qualitative and quantitative data through questionnaires, open-ended questions, and a laboratory-based reminiscing task. Parents who included more explanations of emotions when writing about the lowest points in their lives were more likely to discuss explanations of emotions experienced in negative past events with their child, which was associated with child attachment security...
September 11, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884450/illness-representations-of-pertussis-and-predictors-of-child-vaccination-among-mothers-in-a-strict-vaccination-exemption-state
#6
Rahul Garg, Abdulkarim Meraya, Pamela J Murray, Kimberly Kelly
Background Vaccine preventable diseases are making a comeback in the US. However, research is lacking on illness representations of vaccine preventable diseases and their application in improving childhood immunization. Objective We utilized the common sense model of self-regulation to examine illness representations of pertussis and their associations with child's receipt of any vaccine, up-to-date vaccination status, and mothers' intentions to follow the recommended vaccination schedule in the future. Methods We developed vaccine worry and vaccine hassles scales to assess mothers' worries and hassles for child vaccination, and used an open ended question to assess mother's illness representations of pertussis...
September 7, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876529/residential-mobility-and-adolescent-achievement-and-behavior-understanding-timing-and-extent-of-mobility
#7
Sara Anderson, Tama Leventhal
Residential mobility is generally viewed as an adverse event for adolescents' development. Less is known about whether moving during adolescence, childhood, or both periods explains this connection and whether the extent of mobility matters. Analytic shortcomings with much of the research call into question extant findings. We examined associations between childhood, adolescent, and child-adolescent mobility and adolescents' achievement (math and reading) and behavior problems (internalizing and externalizing)...
June 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872348/marijuana-and-breastfeeding-applicability-of-the-current-literature-to-clinical-practice
#8
Jasminder Mourh, Hilary Rowe
With recent legalization of marijuana in numerous U.S. states, the risk of marijuana exposure via breast milk is a rising concern. This review analyzes the available human and animal literature regarding maternal use of marijuana during lactation. The findings can be categorized into four areas of analysis: effects of marijuana on the mother, transfer into milk, transfer to the offspring, and effects on the offspring. Human and animal data have reported decreased prolactin levels as well as potential maternal psychological changes...
September 5, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869212/increased-mental-health-treatment-financing-community-based-organization-s-treatment-programs-and-latino-white-children-s-financing-disparities
#9
Lonnie R Snowden, Neal Wallace, Kate Cordell, Genevieve Graaf
BACKGROUND: Latino child populations are large and growing, and they present considerable unmet need for mental health treatment. Poverty, lack of health insurance, limited English proficiency, stigma, undocumented status, and inhospitable programming are among many factors that contribute to Latino-White mental health treatment disparities. Lower treatment expenditures serve as an important marker of Latino children's low rates of mental health treatment and limited participation once enrolled in services...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866521/how-do-ancestral-traits-shape-family-trees-over-generations
#10
Siwei Fu, Hao Dong, Weiwei Cui, Jian Zhao, Huamin Qu
Whether and how does the structure of family trees differ by ancestral traits over generations? This is a fundamental question regarding the structural heterogeneity of family trees for the multi-generational transmission research. However, previous work mostly focuses on parent-child scenarios due to the lack of proper tools to handle the complexity of extending the research to multi-generational processes. Through an iterative design study with social scientists and historians, we develop TreeEvo that assists users to generate and test empirical hypotheses for multi-generational research...
August 29, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860883/assessing-narcolepsy-with-cataplexy-in-children-and-adolescents-development-of-a-cataplexy-diary-and-the-ess-chad
#11
Y Grace Wang, Khadra Benmedjahed, Jérémy Lambert, Christopher J Evans, Steve Hwang, Jed Black, Murray W Johns
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to qualitatively evaluate concepts for incorporation into a daily diary to capture cataplexy frequency and to assess the content validity of the Epworth Sleepiness Scale for Children and Adolescents (ESS-CHAD) in pediatric patients with narcolepsy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Face-to-face concept elicitation and cognitive interviews were conducted with children (7-9 years; n=13) and adolescents (10-17 years; n=16) who have narcolepsy with cataplexy, and their parents/caregivers...
2017: Nature and Science of Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858754/longitudinal-association-between-air-pollution-exposure-at-school-and-cognitive-development-in-school-children-over-a-period-of-3-5-years
#12
Joan Forns, Payam Dadvand, Mikel Esnaola, Mar Alvarez-Pedrerol, Mònica López-Vicente, Raquel Garcia-Esteban, Marta Cirach, Xavier Basagaña, Mònica Guxens, Jordi Sunyer
INTRODUCTION: Recently, we showed that exposure to traffic-related air pollutants (TRAPs) at school was negatively associated with cognitive development, specifically working memory and inattentiveness, in primary schoolchildren during a course of 12 months. The persistence of such associations over longer periods remains as an open question. OBJECTIVE: To study the longitudinal association between TRAPs at school and cognitive development over a period of 3.5 years...
September 1, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857725/-i-am-not-a-victim-i-am-a-survivor-resilience-as-a-journey-for-female-survivors-of-child-sexual-abuse
#13
Kimmery Newsom, Karen Myers-Bowman
This study was designed to expand our understanding of the positive aspects of coping and resilience in female survivors of child sexual abuse. Research questions focused on women's lived experiences of being survivors of child sexual abuse and how they have experienced resilience, developed healthy intimate relationships, and viewed themselves as sexual beings. Using a qualitative research lens of phenomenology, we captured the essence of survivors' experiences of resilience. Although each woman's experience was unique, similar patterns of processes and outcomes emerged as meaningful in their development of resilient and healthy sexuality and relationship functioning...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851675/internet-use-and-access-behavior-cyberbullying-and-grooming-results-of-an-investigative-whole-city-survey-of-adolescents
#14
Marco Flavio Michele Vismara, Joseph Toaff, Giuliana Pulvirenti, Chiara Settanni, Emma Colao, Serena Marianna Lavano, Riccardo Cemicetti, David Cotugno, Giuseppe Perrotti, Viviana Meschesi, Roberto Montera, Barbara Zepponi, Umberto Rapetto, Rosa Marotta
BACKGROUND: According to the Digital Agenda for Europe, the way children use the Internet and mobile technologies has changed dramatically in the past years. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to: (1) breakdown the modalities of access and use of the Internet by teenagers to assess risks and risky behaviors; and (2) provide scientific data to evaluate and counsel safe use of the Internet and new technologies by teenagers. METHODS: The study was conducted under the program "Strategies for a Better Internet for Children" started in May 2012 by the European Commission...
August 29, 2017: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844430/child-maltreatment-screening-and-anticipatory-guidance-a%C3%A2-description-of-pediatric-nurse-practitioner-practice-behaviors
#15
Gail Hornor, Deborah Bretl, Evelyn Chapman, Pamela Herendeen, Nancy Mitchel, Barbara Mulvaney, Saribel Garcia Quinones, Brigit VanGraafeiland
INTRODUCTION: Given the number of children affected by child maltreatment and the dire consequences that can develop, prompt identification of child maltreatment is crucial. The purpose of this study was to describe pediatric nurse practitioner (PNP) practice behaviors related to screening and providing anticipatory guidance for child maltreatment and its psychosocial risk factors. METHOD: The Risk Assessment Survey was developed for this study by 12 PNPs, all of whom were members of NAPNAP's Child Maltreatment Special Interest Group to ensure face validity; all 12 PNPs were content experts in child maltreatment...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843808/how-not-whether-contributions-of-others-in-the-development-of-infant-helping
#16
REVIEW
Audun Dahl
Young children's helping behaviors emerge and develop through everyday interactions with others. This paper proposes to sidestep the dichotomy between socialization and biological processes in research on early helping: The question is not whether but how others contribute to the development of infant helping. To answer this question, it is necessary to broaden conceptions of how others may contribute to the development of helping beyond explicit teaching and rewards. Recent experimental and observational research indicates that family members scaffold helping from the first year of life and that specific forms of scaffolding influences the development of helping...
August 5, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841573/pediatric-providers-attitudes-and-practices-regarding-concussion-diagnosis-and-management
#17
Khalida Itriyeva, Ronald Feinstein, Linda Carmine
Background Concussions, a form of mild traumatic brain injury, are a current "hot topic" in sports and medicine, with current research focusing on diagnosis, treatment, and the long-term effects of repeated concussions on development of chronic traumatic encephalopathy. Concussions represent 8.9% of all high school athletic injuries, and pediatricians see many of these patients in their practices, however evolving guidelines and recommendations have resulted in varying practices among providers. Objective To assess how local pediatricians in New York Chapter 2 of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) diagnose and treat concussion patients, and to evaluate the need for continuing education in this area...
August 25, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836169/the-simultaneous-effects-of-socioeconomic-disadvantage-and-child-health-on-children-s-cognitive-development
#18
Dohoon Lee, Margot Jackson
Family socioeconomic status (SES) and child health are so strongly related that scholars have speculated child health to be an important pathway through which a cycle of poverty is reproduced across generations. Despite increasing recognition that SES and health work reciprocally and dynamically over the life course to produce inequality, research has yet to address how these two pathways simultaneously shape children's development. Using longitudinal data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study and marginal structural models, we ask three questions: (1) how does the reciprocal relationship between socioeconomic disadvantage and child health affect estimates of each circumstance on children's cognitive development?; (2) how do their respective effects vary with age?; and (3) do family SES and child health have differential effects on cognitive development across population subgroups? The results show that the negative effects of socioeconomic disadvantage and poor health are insensitive to their reciprocal relationships over time...
August 23, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831672/update-on-mental-health-of-infants-and-children-of-parents-affected-with-mental-health-issues
#19
REVIEW
Gisèle Apter, Anne Bobin, Marie-Camille Genet, Maya Gratier, Emmanuel Devouche
This paper highlights the most recent publications, in the field of psychiatry, on offspring of patients with psychiatric illnesses such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, and then summarizes what we know about the progeny of adults with mood disorders, the most prevalent of parental disorders. Studies examining personality disorders and contextual factors such as stress and trauma are examined with a focus on the crucial question of development and attachment status in children. Findings converge to reveal that offspring of parents (generally mothers) with most major psychiatric disorders present a higher risk for all mental disorders, and a wide range of disorders are also found in children, adolescent, and finally adult offspring of mothers with mood and anxiety disorders...
August 23, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821498/impact-of-child-death-on-paediatric-trainees
#20
Clare E Hollingsworth, Carla Wesley, Jaymie Huckridge, Gabrielle M Finn, Michael J Griksaitis
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of symptoms of acute stress reactions (ASR) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in paediatric trainees following their involvement in child death. DESIGN: A survey designed to identify trainees' previous experiences of child death combined with questions to identify features of PTSD. Quantitative interpretation was used alongside a χ(2) test. A p value of <0.05 was considered significant. SETTING: 604 surveys were distributed across 13 UK health education deaneries...
August 18, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
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