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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30015511/in-their-own-words-developing-the-parent-experiences-questionnaire-following-neonatal-brain-injury-using-participatory-design
#1
Tricia S Williams, Kyla P McDonald, Samantha D Roberts, Robyn Westmacott, Sara Ahola Kohut, Nomazulu Dlamini, Steven P Miller
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to create a specific questionnaire (Parent Experiences Questionnaire) about early experiences, service involvement, and needs of children and parents following neonatal brain injury that could be used to inform clinical care and needed interventions. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A mixed-method design was utilized, engaging in both qualitative and quantitative methods across three phases. Phase 1 employed participatory design involving 12 parent and clinician participants in semi-structured interviews to address main topics, item importance, and overall impressions of the questionnaire...
July 17, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30013229/assessing-pediatric-tobacco-exposure-using-parent-report-comparison-with-hair-nicotine
#2
Judith A Groner, Ana M Rule, Sharon A McGrath-Morrow, Joseph M Collaco, Angela Moss, Susanne E Tanski, Robert McMillen, Regina M Whitmore, Jonathan D Klein, Jonathan P Winickoff, Karen Wilson
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between screening questions for secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure and biomarker results using hair nicotine levels. Our ultimate goal was to develop sensitive and valid screening tools in pediatric clinical settings for SHS exposure. METHODS: Investigators developed a core set of questions regarding exposure. Data from two separate ongoing studies of well children and those with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) were used to assess the concordance between responses and hair nicotine levels...
July 16, 2018: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30009566/parent-child-communication-surrounding-genetic-testing-for-li-fraumeni-syndrome-living-under-the-cloud-of-cancer
#3
Jessica M Valdez, Breya Walker, Susan Ogg, Jami Gattuso, Melissa A Alderfer, Kristin Zelley, Carol A Ford, Justin N Baker, Belinda N Mandrell, Kim E Nichols
BACKGROUND: Advances in the application of genetic technologies reveal a growing number of heritable disorders associated with an increased risk to develop cancer during childhood. As genetic testing is increasingly employed in the clinical setting, it is essential to understand whether parents communicate with their children about test results and to elucidate the factors that influence the content and outcomes of these conversations. METHODS: Semistructured interviews were conducted with 14 parents whose children tested positive for Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS)...
July 15, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30003519/encouraging-parenting-behaviors-that-promote-early-childhood-development-among-caregivers-from-low-income-urban-communities-a-randomized-static-group-comparison-trial-of-a-primary-care-based-parenting-program
#4
Reshma Shah, Ashley Isaia, Alan Schwartz, Marc Atkins
Objectives Encouraging key parenting behaviors in early infancy may help decrease income-related developmental disparities. In this study we assessed whether a brief, primary care-based program (Sit Down and Play; SDP) could be successful in impacting key parenting behaviors that promote early childhood development. Methods An ethnically diverse group of predominantly low-income caregivers of children 2-6 months of age were enrolled, interviewed, and randomized to intervention (n = 20) or control (n = 20) groups...
July 12, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29999352/the-strength-of-the-causal-evidence-against-physical-punishment-of-children-and-its-implications-for-parents-psychologists-and-policymakers
#5
Elizabeth T Gershoff, Gail S Goodman, Cindy L Miller-Perrin, George W Holden, Yo Jackson, Alan E Kazdin
The question of whether physical punishment is helpful or harmful to the development of children has been subject to hundreds of research studies over the past several decades. Yet whether causal conclusions can be drawn from this largely nonexperimental research and whether the conclusions generalize across contexts are issues that remain unresolved. In this article, the authors summarize the extent to which the empirical research on physical punishment meets accepted criteria for causal inference. They then review research demonstrating that physical punishment is linked with the same harms to children as is physical abuse and summarize the extant research that finds links between physical punishment and detrimental outcomes for children are consistent across cultural, family, and neighborhood contexts...
July 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29994919/optimizing-clinical-trial-design-to-maximize-evidence-generation-in-pediatric-hiv
#6
Deborah Ford, Rebecca Turner, Anna Turkova, Martina Penazzato, Victor Musiime, Mutsa Bwakura-Dangarembizi, Avy Violari, Chishala Chabala, Thanyawee Puthanakit, Tavitiya Sudjaritruk, Tim R Cressey, Marc Lallemant, Diana M Gibb
For HIV-infected children, formulation development, pharmacokinetic (PK) data, and evaluation of early toxicity are critical for licensing new antiretroviral drugs; direct evidence of efficacy in children may not be needed if acceptable safety and PK parameters are demonstrated in children. However, it is important to address questions where adult trial data cannot be extrapolated to children. In this fast-moving area, interventions need to be tailored to resource-limited settings where most HIV-infected children live and take account of decreasing numbers of younger HIV-infected children after successful prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission...
August 15, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29994913/setting-global-research-priorities-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-hiv-using-the-child-health-and-nutrition-research-initiative-chnri-methodology
#7
Cadi Irvine, Alice Armstrong, Jason M Nagata, Nigel Rollins, Diddie Schaaf, Meg Doherty, Martina Penazzato, Marissa Vicari
BACKGROUND: WHO and the Collaborative Initiative for Paediatric HIV Education and Research (CIPHER) of the International AIDS Society (IAS) led a collaborative process to set global prioritized research agendas, aiming to focusing future research, funding, and stakeholder's efforts. This study describes the methodology used to establish the research agendas. METHODS: The Child Health and Nutrition Research Initiative methodology was adapted in parallel exercises on pediatric and adolescent HIV...
August 15, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29990685/an-educator-administered-measure-of-language-development-in-young-children
#8
Dorthe Bleses, Peter Jensen, Anders Højen, Philip S Dale
An increasing number of infants and toddlers in many countries are enrolled in early childhood education (ECE) programs, and educators thus play a central role in stimulating language development in these young children. A valid, brief educator-completed measure of language development in young children has important uses both for the identification and monitoring of language development and for the guidance and evaluation of intentional instruction and targeted interventions for children who need it. We present such a measure here for Danish, the CDI: Educator (CDI-Edu) version, which is based on well-developed and validated parent report measures, adapted for the early childhood education setting...
July 7, 2018: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29988693/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-of-breastfeeding-among-women-visiting-primary-healthcare-clinics-on-the-island-of-abu-dhabi-united-arab-emirates
#9
Mai Isam Al Ketbi, Sultan Al Noman, Abdelqadir Al Ali, Ebtihal Darwish, Maha Al Fahim, Jaishen Rajah
Background: The World Health Organization recommends continued breastfeeding up to 2 years of age or beyond. This study assessed breastfeeding knowledge, attitudes, and practices among women residing on the island of Abu Dhabi and identified associated factors. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study using a self-administered questionnaire among mothers visiting primary healthcare clinics in Abu Dhabi between November 2014 and 2015. Participants were women aged at least 18 years who had at least one child aged 2 years or younger at the time of the study...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29983338/development-of-an-asthma-risk-factors-scale-arfs-for-risk-assessment-asthma-screening-in-children
#10
Souheil Hallit, Chantal Raherison, Diana Malaeb, Rabih Hallit, Mirna Waked, Nelly Kheir, Pascale Salameh
BACKGROUND: The study objective was to create asthma risk factors scale (ARFS) score that would be correlated with the increased risk of asthma in Lebanese children. This scale would eventually be used both to identify children at risk and assess early diagnosis of asthma. METHODS: A case-control study (study 1) of 1276 children (976 controls and 300 cases) and a cross-sectional study (study 2) of 1000 children were conducted using a parental questionnaire. Children aged between 3 and 16 years were screened for possible enrollment...
June 7, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29982921/what-stops-practitioners-discussing-medication-breaks-in-children-and-adolescents-with-adhd-identifying-barriers-through-theory-driven-qualitative-research
#11
Kinda Ibrahim, Parastou Donyai
National and international guidelines on the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents call for annual reviews to assess continuing need for medication by considering brief periods without medication, referred to as 'Drug holidays'. However, drug holidays are reactively initiated by families, or recommended by practitioners if growth has been suppressed by medication rather than proactively to check the need. There is little evidence of planned, practitioner-initiated drug holidays from methylphenidate...
July 7, 2018: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29982636/quantifying-antimicrobial-access-and-usage-for-paediatric-diarrhoeal-disease-in-an-urban-community-setting-in-asia
#12
Le Thi Quynh Nhi, Ruklanthi de Alwis, Phung Khanh Lam, Nguyen Nhon Hoa, Nguyen Minh Nhan, Le Thi Tu Oanh, Dang Thanh Nam, Bui Nguyen Ngoc Han, Hoang Thi Thuy Huyen, Dinh Thi Tuyen, Vu Thuy Duong, Lu Lan Vi, Bui Thi Thuy Tien, Hoang Thi Diem Tuyet, Le Hoang Nha, Guy E Thwaites, Do Van Dung, Stephen Baker
Objectives: Antimicrobial-resistant infections are a major global health issue. Ease of antimicrobial access in developing countries is proposed to be a key driver of the antimicrobial resistance (AMR) epidemic despite a lack of community antimicrobial usage data. Methods: Using a mixed-methods approach (geospatial mapping, simulated clients, healthcare utilization, longitudinal cohort) we assessed antimicrobial access in the community and quantified antimicrobial usage for childhood diarrhoea in an urban Vietnamese setting...
July 4, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29981082/ontario-s-healthy-babies-healthy-children-screen-tool-identifying-postpartum-families-in-need-of-home-visiting-services-in-ottawa-canada
#13
Katherine Russell, Louise Gilbert, Denise Hébert, Amira Ali, Robin Sarah Lynne Taylor, Andrew Hendriks
INTERVENTION: Across Ontario, the Healthy Babies Healthy Children (HBHC) postpartum screening tool is routinely used to identify families with potential risk of negative development outcomes for children. RESEARCH QUESTION: To identify screening questions associated with subsequent high-risk in-depth assessment (IDA) in order to prioritize services. METHODS: Ottawa families who gave birth (2013-2016) consented to the postpartum HBHC Screen (N = 29,162)...
April 20, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29975552/children-with-intellectual-disability-are-vulnerable-to-overweight-and-obesity-a-cross-sectional-study-among-chinese-children
#14
Jingjing Wang, Yang Gao, Heather H M Kwok, Wendy Y J Huang, Siuting Li, Liping Li
BACKGROUND: The epidemic of childhood obesity has been well documented in typically developing child populations, while situations among children with intellectual disabilities (ID) remain unclear. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 524 Chinese children with ID (males: 68.9%, mean age: 12.2 years) in Hong Kong in 2015. Children's height and weight were measured at school. Parents, in the presence of their children, completed a self-administered questionnaire at home about the children's physical activity (PA), eating habits, and sleep duration in a typical week as well as parenting practices regarding children's eating, PA, and their sociodemographic characteristics...
July 5, 2018: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29975176/new-mothers-struggles-to-love-their-child-an-interpretative-synthesis-of-qualitative-studies
#15
Idun Røseth, Rob Bongaardt, Anne Lyberg, Eva Sommerseth, Bente Dahl
New mothers may question the nature of their motherly love after the birth. Most mothers find that feelings of affection come within a week from birth. However, some mothers are still struggling with this after many months. Many studies place strong emphasis on the importance of maternal affection for the development of the child. Few studies look into mothers' experiences when maternal affection or love remains a struggle. Method:We present an interpretative synthesis based on a systematic analysis of five qualitative studies that report findings related to mothers' stated inability to exhibit maternal affection...
December 2018: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29964251/complete-overdenture-fabrication-for-a-12-year-old-child-with-dentinogenesis-imperfecta-type-2
#16
Sabrina Garces, Barry Shipman, Alexandre Barbosa, Robert M Newman, Paul Benjamin
Dentinogenesis imperfecta type 2 (DI-2), also known as hereditary opalescent dentin, is a rare, genetically linked condition that affects both primary and permanent teeth. Severe attrition requiring full-mouth rehabilitation is a common finding associated with DI-2. Dental rehabilitation options include a variety of invasive and noninvasive restorative techniques dictated by the age of the patient. Growth and development must be considered and may result in a restorative challenge for the dental practitioner, particularly when the patient in question is a child...
July 2018: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29958505/a-questionnaire-based-analysis-of-parental-perspectives-on-pediatric-cochlear-implant-ci-re-habilitation-services-a-pilot-study-from-a-developing-ci-service-in-india
#17
Apurva Nidgundi Dev, Usha Lohith, Brigetta Pascal, Chandrika S Dutt, Sunil Narayan Dutt
OBJECTIVE: To study parental perspectives on re/habilitation services offered for pediatric cochlear implant (CI) users at a non-profit organization in India. METHODOLOGY: A non-standardized questionnaire comprising 46 items was created to understand perspectives of parents of pediatric CI users. Questions were designed to examine re/habilitation services from the angles of service delivery, parental stress levels, reasons for delay in obtaining services, sources of emotional support, concerns, and fears during each stage starting from diagnosis of hearing loss to CI surgery, re/habilitation services and parents' views of their children post-CI...
June 29, 2018: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29956320/power-mobility-for-children-a-survey-study-of-american-and-canadian-therapists-perspectives-and-practices
#18
Lisa K Kenyon, Maria Jones, Roslyn Livingstone, Becky Breaux, Jessica Tsotsoros, Kelly M Williams
AIM: To explore the views and practices of paediatric occupational therapists and physical therapists in Canada and the USA regarding the implementation of power mobility for children with mobility limitations. METHOD: This descriptive study utilized a web-based survey that included questions pertaining to therapists' decisions to trial and use power mobility, agreement or disagreement with statements developed from published practice considerations regarding power mobility, and the frequency of performing tasks related to power mobility prescription and training...
June 28, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29948531/maternal-alcohol-consumption-during-pregnancy-and-the-risk-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-offspring-a-retrospective-analysis-of-the-millennium-cohort-study
#19
C Gallagher, F P McCarthy, R M Ryan, A S Khashan
The objective of this retrospective analysis of the longitudinal Millennium Cohort Study was to examine whether maternal alcohol consumption in pregnancy (MACP) is associated with the development of childhood autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Data on MACP and ASD were obtained from parental questionnaires. There were 18,168 singleton mother-child pairs with data on MACP, and 12,595 answered the question on ASD when the children were 11 years old. No statistically significant association was found between MACP and ASD for light (OR 0...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29948395/family-interactions-in-childhood-leukemia-an-exploratory-descriptive-study
#20
Jaefar Moghaddasi, Fariba Taleghani, Alireza Moafi, Azadeh Malekian, Mahrokh Keshvari, Mahnaz Ilkhani
BACKGROUND: A child's cancer not only affects the child in question, but also their family members and even closes relatives and friends. The nature of this disease is such that, while imposing a high level of care workload on the family, it also affects various family aspects including personal, familial, and social interactions and relationships, as well as family functioning. This study aims to describe family interactions in childhood leukemia. METHODS: This study was an exploratory descriptive study, conducted on 58 participants (40 family members and 18 members of the health team), with purposeful sampling and semi-structured interviews-63 personal interviews and four group interviews-in the research context of the Cancer Hospital in Isfahan, 2016-2017...
June 11, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
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