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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221306/children-of-parents-with-eating-disorders
#1
REVIEW
Hunna J Watson, Amy O'Brien, Shiri Sadeh-Sharvit
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Our primary goal in this article is to review recent findings (from 2015 and on) concerning children of parents with eating disorders. This review addresses the question of whether the offspring of parents with past or present eating disorders have adverse outcomes. This update is timely and informative because recent research includes controlled studies and large cohort designs and earlier reviews relied on case report evidence. RECENT FINDINGS: Despite substantial diversity in study design, sample size, and parental eating disorder definition, overall, existing research suggests that the children of parents with eating disorders exhibit compromised development: a greater risk of perinatal complications; a tendency toward extremes of growth at birth; greater problems in feeding and eating behaviors and greater incidence of eating disorder symptoms; more psychological and socioemotional difficulties; and more negative qualities to parent-child interactions...
September 17, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219298/parents-experiences-of-family-centred-care-practices
#2
Diana Arabiat, Lisa Whitehead, Mandie Foster, Linda Shields, Linda Harris
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to gain knowledge and understanding of how parents experience Family Centred Care (FCC) using a relatively new tool, and to identify aspects of FCC practice for further development. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving a convenience sample of 48 parents of hospitalised children completed a seven-item instrument that measures importance and consistency associated with the core aspects of FCC practice, in addition to an open-ended question about what does FCC mean to parent...
September 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219069/-telling-our-story-creating-our-own-history-caregivers-reasons-for-participating-in-an-australian-longitudinal-study-of-indigenous-children
#3
Katherine Ann Thurber, Anna Olsen, Jill Guthrie, Rachael McCormick, Andrew Hunter, Roxanne Jones, Bobby Maher, Cathy Banwell, Rochelle Jones, Bianca Calabria, Raymond Lovett
BACKGROUND: Improving the wellbeing of Indigenous populations is an international priority. Robust research conducted with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples is key to developing programs and policies to improve health and wellbeing. This paper aims to quantify the extent of participation in a national longitudinal study of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous Australian) children, and to understand the reasons why caregivers participate in the study. METHODS: This mixed methods study uses data from Wave 6 of Footprints in Time, the Longitudinal Study of Indigenous Children...
September 15, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30211143/study-protocol-determining-research-priorities-of-young-albertan-families-the-family-research-agenda-initiative-setting-project-fraise-participatory-action-research
#4
Katherine S Bright, Carla Ginn, Elizabeth M Keys, Meredith L Brockway, Lianne Tomfohr-Madsen, Stephanie Doane, Karen Benzies
Introduction: Pregnancy and childrearing can be an exciting and stressful time for new parents. The maternal-child health landscape has changed dramatically over the last few decades and research priorities need to address these rapid changes. There have been limited attempts to engage and collaborate with members of the public to develop research priorities for families who are expecting or parenting an infant to age 24 months. The work that has been completed has attempted to identify parental preference for information delivery and barriers to uptake of parenting programs but has not investigated parental research priorities...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30199360/-febrile-seizures-questions-and-answers
#5
Alfredo Cerisola, Eugenia Chaibún, Melania Rosas, Lucía Cibils
A febrile seizure occurs in association with fever in a child aged 6 to 60 months, without central nervous system infection or other known cause of acute seizures in a child without a prior history of afebrile seizures. Febrile seizures occur in about 2-5% of children. Central nervous system infections should be considered in patients with febrile seizures, even though the frequency of this possibility is low, especially when patients do not return to baseline. Simple febrile seizures are considered benign events and there are clear guidelines about evaluation and management, but the evaluation of complex febrile seizures is controversial...
2018: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30196359/predicting-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-using-pregnancy-and-birth-characteristics
#6
Eva Schwenke, Peter A Fasching, Florian Faschingbauer, Jutta Pretscher, Sven Kehl, Roberta Peretz, Andrea Keller, Lothar Häberle, Anna Eichler, Viktoria Irlbauer-Müller, Ulf Dammer, Matthias W Beckmann, Michael Schneider
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate maternal, prenatal, perinatal, and postpartum parameters as risk factors for the later development of an attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in the child. METHODS: Women who had given birth at Erlangen University Hospital between 1996 and 1999 were sent a questionnaire in 2009. The results of the questionnaire were correlated with the prospectively collected data for the births in 1996-1999. RESULTS: A total of 573 mother and child pairs were analyzed...
September 8, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30187115/children-s-behavior-and-spontaneous-talk-in-a-future-thinking-task
#7
Julian S Caza, Cristina M Atance
We explored 3-, 4-, and 5-year-olds' (N = 120) "explicit" and "spontaneous" future-oriented cognition. Specifically, children had to think ahead to meet a future physiological need (desire for food) or psychological need (avoiding boredom). One group of children alternated between a room with candy and a room without candy, spending 3 min per visit. Children were explicitly asked which room they wanted to put extra candy in for a future visit to the lab (correct answer: room without candy)...
September 5, 2018: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30184158/from-child-protection-to-paradigm-protection-the-genesis-development-and-defense-of-a-scientific-paradigm
#8
Niels Lynøe, Niklas Juth, Anders Eriksson
A scientific paradigm typically embraces research norms and values, such as truth-seeking, critical thinking, disinterestedness, and good scientific practice. These values should prevent a paradigm from introducing defective assumptions. But sometimes, scientists who are also physicians develop clinical norms that are in conflict with the scientific enterprise. As an example of such a conflict, we have analyzed the genesis and development of the shaken baby syndrome (SBS) paradigm. The point of departure of the analysis is a recently conducted systematic literature review, which concluded that there is very low scientific evidence for the basic assumption held by Child Protection Teams: when certain signs are present (and no other "acceptable" explanations are provided) the infant has been violently shaken...
September 3, 2018: Journal of Medicine and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30180720/outcome-measurement-in-paediatric-palliative-care-lessons-from-the-past-and-future-developments
#9
Julia Downing, Eve Namisango, Richard Harding
BACKGROUND: The need for paediatric palliative care (PPC) globally is great yet there is limited evidence of the quality or outcomes of the care provided. The lack of an outcome measure for PPC has been consistently cited as one reason for the lack of robust evidence in the field. Thus recommendations have been made for the development of locally relevant, validated tools to measure outcomes for children. METHODS: This paper reviews relevant outcomes and quality measures in PPC, the current state of science on outcome measurement for children and young people (CYP) with life-limiting and life-threatening conditions and the development of the African Children's Palliative Outcome Scale (C-POS)...
June 19, 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30179780/preference-heterogeneity-with-respect-to-whole-genome-sequencing-a-discrete-choice-experiment-among-parents-of-children-with-rare-genetic-diseases
#10
Christine Peyron, Aurore Pélissier, Sophie Béjean
The information to which whole genome sequencing (WGS) provides access raises questions about its disclosure to patients. The literature focused on the nature of findings, shows patients share the same expectations while evoking possible heterogeneity. Our objective is to test this hypothesis of preference heterogeneity with respect to the disclosure of results from WGS by means of a discrete choice experiment (DCE). Our DCE includes six attributes for studying preferences with respect to (1) variants of unknown significance and (2) secondary findings, and more innovatively with respect to (3) repeat analysis of the tests, (4) the decision-making process, (5) patient support and (6) the cost of testing...
August 21, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167398/infertile-couples-prefer-twins-analysis-of-their-reasons-and-clinical-characteristics-related-to-this-preference
#11
Rosario Mendoza, Teresa Jáuregui, Maria Diaz-Nuñez, Mariana de la Sota, Alaitz Hidalgo, Marcos Ferrando, Lorea Martínez-Indart, Antonia Expósito, Roberto Matorras
Background: The number of multiple pregnancies has been significantly increased in the last decades due to assisted reproduction techniques development. Compared to singleton, twins and multiple pregnancies are associated to more complications and risks for both mother and children. The objective of this study was to examine the proportion of patients preferring a multiple birth over a singleton after an IVF/ICSI attempt, their reasons and the influence of socio-demographic and clinical parameters on their preference...
July 2018: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30156595/a-didactic-approach-to-presenting-verbal-and-visual-information-to-children-participating-in-research-protocols-the-comic-book-informed-assent
#12
Thaís Massetti, Tânia Brusque Crocetta, Regiani Guarnieri, Talita Dias da Silva, Andrea Fernanda Leal, Mariana Callil Voos, Carlos Bandeira de Mello Monteiro
OBJECTIVE: When children participate in research protocols, consent (by a parent or legal guardian) and assent (by the children) must be given. Understanding research protocols can be challenging for an adult and even more difficult for a child. The aim of this study was to describe the development of a comic book created to facilitate children's understanding of informed assent with clear and simple language. METHODS: Five researchers with scores above seven according to the Fehring criteria developed the comic book, avoiding the use of technical terminology...
August 27, 2018: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30146521/should-the-euthanasia-act-in-belgium-include-minors
#13
Raphael Cohen-Almagor
In 2014, Belgium became the first country in the world to legislate euthanasia for children. The decision evoked questions and criticisms in Belgium and in the world at large: should children have the right to ask to die? Are children able to make reasoned and independent choices on such an important matter? Does maturity matter? Are children as autonomous as adults? Is it a logical move to grant terminally ill children who are in intolerable pain this right? What happens if there is a conflict of wishes between the child and parents? This article argues that these questions should be addressed while legislators are fully aware of the relevant medical data regarding child development...
2018: Perspectives in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30144198/the-role-of-parental-anxiety-depression-and-psychological-stress-level-on-the-development-of-early-childhood-caries-in-children
#14
Lidia Gavic, Antonija Tadin, Ina Mihanovic, Kristina Gorseta, Livia Cigic
BACKGROUND: It is important to understand how the psychological status of parents affects oral health in children. AIM: This study aimed to assess the level of depression, anxiety, and stress of parents whose children have early-childhood caries. DESIGN: The study included 235 children and their parents who visited the Dental clinic at the School of Medicine of the University of Split between October 2016 and July 2017. The dental status of each child was recorded, while parents filled out the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale questionnaire and the questionnaire related to the demographic characteristics, questions related to child's habits of the tooth brushing, eating sweets...
August 24, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30132736/parasitic-infections-of-the-gut-in-children
#15
Kapula Chifunda, Paul Kelly
Parasitic infections of the gut have major implications for child health, but many questions remain unanswered. Protozoal parasites, especially cryptosporidiosis and giardiasis, cause diarrhoea and contribute to impaired growth, neurocognitive development and mortality. Entamoeba histolytica causes dysentery and may have more subtle effects on child growth. Helminth infections are mostly asymptomatic, and untargeted mass deworming has not been shown to be beneficial. However, children with heavy infections certainly benefit from antihelminthic treatment...
August 22, 2018: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30124331/physician-training-and-qualification-to-educate-patients-on-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-stimulant-diversion-and-misuse
#16
Natalie Colaneri, Sarah A Keim, Andrew Adesman
OBJECTIVES: The increased number of adolescents diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in recent years has raised concerns regarding diversion and misuse of prescription stimulant medications. As prescribers of these medications, physicians must be prepared to educate patients on these issues. This is the first study to evaluate physician training and qualification to educate adolescent patients on stimulant diversion and misuse. METHODS: A questionnaire was developed and mailed to a national sample of child and adolescent psychiatrists (CAPs), child neurologists (CNs), and developmental-behavioral pediatricians (DBPs) in the United States...
August 20, 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30123033/risks-of-using-ssri-snri-antidepressants-during-pregnancy-and-lactation
#17
REVIEW
Michal Dubovicky, Kristína Belovicova, Kristína Csatlosova, Eszter Bogi
At present, affective disorders are among the most commonly diagnosed mental diseases. In pregnancy, they can occur as pre-delivery depression, recurrent depressive disorder or postnatal depression. The estimated prevalence of depressive disorders in pregnancy is approximately 9-16%, with some statistics reporting up to 20%. Approximately 2-3% of pregnant women take antidepressants during pregnancy, and the number of mothers treated increases by birth to 5-7%. Treatment of depression during pregnancy and breastfeeding is a controversial issue, as antidepressants can negatively affect the developing fetus...
September 2017: Interdisciplinary Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30114931/parent-descriptions-of-the-presentation-and-management-of-anxiousness-in-children-on-the-autism-spectrum
#18
Dawn Adams, Kate Young, Kate Simpson, Deb Keen
The complex interaction between anxiety and autism has led to debate about the presentation of anxiety in individuals on the spectrum and questions about the extent to which traditional checklists assess the entire range of symptomatology. Moreover, studies to date have not explored how the presentation of anxiety may differ between settings. Through a combination of open-ended questions, closed questions and standardised measures, parents of 173 children (aged 6-13) on the autism spectrum provided (1) descriptors of their child's anxiety at home, school and in the community and (2) strategies used to reduce their child's anxiety in each setting...
August 16, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30114286/rapid-onset-gender-dysphoria-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-a-study-of-parental-reports
#19
Lisa Littman
PURPOSE: In on-line forums, parents have been reporting that their children are experiencing what is described here as "rapid-onset gender dysphoria," appearing for the first time during puberty or even after its completion. The onset of gender dysphoria seemed to occur in the context of belonging to a peer group where one, multiple, or even all of the friends have become gender dysphoric and transgender-identified during the same timeframe. Parents also report that their children exhibited an increase in social media/internet use prior to disclosure of a transgender identity...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30112316/mothers-preferences-toward-breaking-bad-news-about-their-children-cancer
#20
Zahra Mostafavian, Zahra Abbasi Shaye, Arezou Farajpour
Background: The responsibility of breaking bad news (BBN) to patients is one of the most difficult tasks of a medical profession. Aim: The current study aimed to investigate the preferences of mothers of children with cancer about BBN. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study was conducted in Mashhad during years of 2016, 62 mothers of children with cancer at Dr-Sheikh hospital were recruited by convenience sampling and completed a questionnaire including demographic data and 20 questions about the mothers' preferences to BBN...
May 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
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