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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30447912/early-parenting-intervention-and-adverse-family-environments-affect-neural-function-in-middle-childhood
#1
Johanna Bick, Erin N Palmwood, Lindsay Zajac, Robert Simons, Mary Dozier
BACKGROUND: Growing work points to the negative impact of early adverse experiences on the developing brain. An outstanding question concerns the extent to which early intervention can normalize trajectories of brain development in at-risk children. We tested this within the context of a randomized clinical trial of an early parenting program, the Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up (ABC), delivered to parents and infants monitored for maltreatment by Child Protective Services. METHODS: Families participated in the randomized clinical trial when children were 2...
October 5, 2018: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30444432/where-phonology-meets-morphology-in-the-context-of-rapid-language-change-and-universal-bilingualism-irish-initial-mutations-in-child-language
#2
Nicole Müller, Sarah-Ann Muckley, Stanislava Antonijevic-Elliott
As one of the Celtic languages, Irish is among the few languages in the world that employ word initial mutations (IMs) in order to express grammatical functions. IMs express grammatical information by a way of systematic alternation of minimal phonological contrasts, which closely links segmental phonology to grammatical morphology (Irish also employs final consonant palatalization as a grammatical marker, but this will not be the focus of our paper). The overwhelming majority of Irish speakers are bilingual (with English), and virtually all Irish-speaking children grow up with varying degrees of exposure to and use of English in the home...
November 16, 2018: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30431536/effects-of-8-week-functional-vs-traditional-training-on-athletic-performance-and-functional-movement-on-prepubertal-tennis-players
#3
Suat Yildiz, Salih Pinar, Ertugrul Gelen
Yildiz, S, Pinar, S, and Gelen, E. Effects of 8-week functional vs. traditional training on athletic performance and functional movement on prepubertal tennis players. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-In recent years, studies on functional training (FT) have gained importance among older adults and health care services, but there is a lack of research on the athletic performance of children. Fundamental movement skills are basic skills that need to be improved by the age of 10, and these skills are fundamental to every sport...
November 13, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30416967/reproductive-experience-of-women-living-with-phenylketonuria
#4
Suzanne Ford, Mike O'Driscoll, Anita MacDonald
Introduction: Many women with PKU are well-informed about the risks of maternal PKU but there are several barriers to achieving satisfactory metabolic control before and during pregnancy. Many studies have documented the outcome of maternal PKU infants, but very little has been reported about the experiences of women of reproductive age with PKU, particularly about their psychosexual development, pre-conception, pregnancy and postnatal experience. Methods: In the UK, in a subsection of an online questionnaire conducted by the National Society for PKU (NSPKU) about living with PKU, women aged 18 years and over completed 9 closed questions about their pre-conception, pregnancy and post-natal experiences and an open-ended question on their reproductive health...
December 2018: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30411233/child-psychotherapy-training-in-the-united-states-a-national-survey-of-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-fellowship-program-directors
#5
Robert Li Kitts, Roberta S Isberg, Paul C Lee, Neha Sharma, Victoria Goldman, Jeffrey Hunt
OBJECTIVES: Training in child and adolescent psychotherapy continues to be emphasized by accrediting organizations (ACGME and ABPN) but it is not known how these skills are taught and what types of therapy are highlighted in fellowships across the United States. METHODS: A 16-question anonymous online survey was developed by the authors and covered six main areas: demographics, the priority of psychotherapy in training, the competency goals for different psychotherapy modalities, training strategies, types of supervision, and program directors' satisfaction of their training implementation and assessment of trainees...
November 8, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30410746/association-between-availability-of-children-s-book-and-the-literacy-numeracy-skills-of-children-aged-36-to-59-months-secondary-analysis-of-the-unicef-multiple-indicator-cluster-surveys-covering-35-countries
#6
Alexander Manu, Fernanda Ewerling, Aluisio Jd Barros, Cesar G Victora
Background: Stimulating home environments that have children's books, pictures and play toys facilitate caregiver-child interactions and enhance children's development. Although this has been demonstrated in small-scale intervention studies, it is important to document whether book ownership is beneficial at large scale in low and middle-income settings. Methods: We conducted a secondary analysis using data from the multiple-indicator cluster survey, covering 100 012 children aged 36-59 months, from 35 countries...
June 2019: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30410743/linking-household-survey-and-health-facility-data-for-effective-coverage-measures-a-comparison-of-ecological-and-individual-linking-methods-using-the-multiple-indicator-cluster-survey-in-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#7
Melinda K Munos, Abdoulaye Maiga, Mai Do, Glebelho Lazare Sika, Emily D Carter, Rosine Mosso, Abdul Dosso, Alejandra Leyton, Shane M Khan
Background: Population-based measures of intervention coverage are used in low- and middle-income countries for program planning, prioritization, and evaluation. There is increased interest in effective coverage, which integrates information about service quality or health outcomes. Approaches proposed for quality-adjusted effective coverage include linking data on need and service contact from population-based surveys with data on service quality from health facility surveys. However, there is limited evidence about the validity of different linking methods for effective coverage estimation...
December 2018: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30406912/effects-of-delay-question-type-and-socioemotional-support-on-episodic-memory-retrieval-by-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#8
Telma Sousa Almeida, Michael E Lamb, Emma J Weisblatt
Twenty-seven autistic children and 32 typically developing (TD) peers were questioned about an experienced event after a two-week delay and again after a two-month delay, using the Revised National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Investigative Interview Protocol. Recall prompts elicited more detailed and more accurate responses from children than recognition prompts. Autistic children recalled fewer correct narrative details than TD peers when questioned using open invitations, cued invitations, and directive questions...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30391208/child-and-adolescent-health-in-europe-monitoring-implementation-of-policies-and-provision-of-services
#9
Aixa Y Alemán-Díaz, Sophia Backhaus, Lisa L Siebers, Obiora Chukwujama, Friederike Fenski, Christoph N Henking, Karolina Kaminska, Aigul Kuttumuratova, Martin W Weber
To promote children's health in Europe, the WHO Regional Office for Europe developed a strategy for child and adolescent health for the period 2015-20, which was adopted by all 53 European member states. The priorities of the strategy are broad and include action around supporting early childhood development, reducing exposure to violence, and tackling mental health problems in adolescence. The strategy's implementation was monitored with a survey of 82 questions sent to the ministries of health in all member states in 2016...
December 2018: Lancet Child & Adolescent Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30390212/women-and-men-in-the-australasian-college-of-physical-scientists-and-engineers-in-medicine-workforce-survey
#10
Eva Bezak, Roksolana Suchowerska, Elizabeth Claridge Mackonis, Heath Pillen, Anna Ralston, Annette Haworth, Natalka Suchowerska
A survey was designed to determine aspirations, motivations and workplace experiences of both female and male members of the Australasian College of Physical Scientists and Engineers in Medicine (ACPSEM). The survey collected both quantitate and qualitative data, including open ended questions. This paper reports the survey's qualitative results. The research was approved by Ethics at University of South Australia and endorsed by ACPSEM. All 205 women (30% of total membership) and 440 men were invited to complete the survey online...
November 2, 2018: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30385620/involving-youth-with-a-chronic-illness-in-decision-making-highlighting-the-role-of-providers
#11
Victoria A Miller
Decision-making is important in the context of pediatric chronic illness because children and families need to make decisions about burdensome and complex treatments on a regular basis, and children must eventually learn how to make such decisions independently. Research related to children's decision-making in medical settings has been focused primarily on cognitive aspects of decision-making, such as understanding and capacity. The concept of decision-making involvement (DMI) recognizes that children can be involved in decision-making in multiple ways, regardless of capacity, and that parents and health care providers play a critical role in supporting children as they learn to make decisions on their own...
November 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30384090/effect-of-male-specific-childhood-trauma-on-telomere-length
#12
Gabriela Xavier, Letícia M Spindola, Vanessa K Ota, Carolina M Carvalho, Pawan Kumar Maurya, Priscila F Tempaku, Patricia N Moretti, Diego R Mazotti, João Ricardo Sato, Elisa Brietzke, Euripedes Constantino Miguel, Rodrigo Grassi-Oliveira, Jair Mari, Rodrigo A Bressan, Ary Gadelha, Pedro M Pan, Sintia Iole Belangero
Child maltreatment (CM) is a global issue with serious lifelong consequences. In fact, maltreatment during childhood might be an important risk factor for the development of psychiatric disorders. Furthermore, previous studies showed a strong relationship between telomere length (TL) and early life stress. Considering that only a few studies have evaluated this relationship in children and that even fewer considered the sex as a possible moderator, we investigated whether TL in the blood of both children and adolescents was associated with psychopathology and with a history of CM, and whether these associations were moderated by the sex...
October 22, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30380899/-assessment-of-the-suppression-of-puberty-in-children-with-gender-identity-problems
#13
José López Guzmán, Carmen González Vázquez
The objective of this article is to reflect on the opportunity and risk of the proposed treatments to address gender identity problems in that sector of the population. In most of the protocols for the care of minors with gender identity problems, the abolition of puberty is proposed as a method of choice. This technique consists in the administration of reversible agonists of GnRH to provoke a suppression of the hormonal expression of the minor and, thus, the development of the sexual characters of their gender...
September 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30370436/early-understanding-of-cardinal-number-value-semiotic-social-and-pragmatic-dimensions-in-a-case-study-with-a-child-from-2-to-3-years-old
#14
Sílvia Cavalcante, Cintia Rodríguez, Eduardo Martí
Studies on cardinality date back many years, and it remains a current research issue today. Indeed, despite the many findings on the topic, there is still controversy surrounding when and how children understand cardinality. The main studies on this understanding employs the "how many" question in situations involving the quantification of objects, analyzing the relationship between counting and cardinality. In the present study, we argue that it is essential to consider how cardinality is used in the context in which it arises, including the in- depth consideration of semiotic, social, and pragmatic dimensions, in order to fully comprehend the topic...
October 29, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30369777/development-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-father-engagement-questionnaire
#15
Yixin Jiang, Lucy A Tully, Matthew T Burn, Patrycja Piotrowska, Daniel A J Collins, Caroline Moul, Paul J Frick, David J Hawes, Eva R Kimonis, Rhoshel K Lenroot, Vicki Anderson, Mark R Dadds
While there has been increasing interest in promoting father engagement in parenting interventions for child wellbeing, both research and practice endeavors have been hindered by a lack of a measure of father engagement practices. This paper reports the development and evaluation of a comprehensive, practitioner-report measure of father engagement practices--the Father Engagement Questionnaire (FEQ). Practitioners ( N  = 589; 84.5% females; mean age = 38.56) involved in delivering parenting interventions in Australia completed the FEQ, along with background demographics and questions regarding their own and organization's practice...
2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30369020/supporting-parental-caregivers-of-children-living-with-life-threatening-or-life-limiting-illnesses-a-delphi-study
#16
Nicole R Smith, Jill M G Bally, Lorraine Holtslander, Shelley Peacock, Shelley Spurr, Heather Hodgson-Viden, Christopher Mpofu, Marcelline Zimmer
BACKGROUND: The impact of a child s life-limiting or life-threatening illness is significant on parents who experience a great deal of emotional, physical, and spiritual upheaval. Hope has been identified as an important inner resource for parental caregivers. Specifically, parental hope has been described as having four subproceses including Accepting Reality, Establishing Control, Restructuring Hope, and Purposive Positive Thinking. PURPOSE: The purpose of this Delphi study was to gather expert opinions from parents and formal care providers about the four subproceses essential to parental hope, to increase understanding of parental caregivers current support needs...
October 28, 2018: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30367362/intersexual-births-the-epistemology-of-sex-and-ethics-of-sex-assignment
#17
Matteo Cresti, Elena Nave, Roberto Lala
This article aims to analyse a possible manner of approaching the birth of intersexual children. We start out by summing up what intersexuality is and how it is faced in the dominant clinical practice (the "treatment paradigm"). We then argue against this paradigm, in favour of a postponement of genital surgery. In the second part of this paper, we take into consideration the general question of whether only two existing sexes are to be recognized, arguing in favour of an expansion of sex categories...
October 26, 2018: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30364158/digital-storytelling-in-early-childhood-student-illustrations-shaping-social-interactions
#18
William Ian O'Byrne, Ryan Stone, Mary White
This study tests an instructional model designed to empower students in an early childhood classroom as emerging digital storytellers. Educators can use digital storytelling to support students' learning by encouraging them to organize and express their ideas and knowledge in an individual and meaningful way while developing voice and facility in child-computer interactions. This work also helps develop traditional communication skills, fosters collaboration, and strengthens emergent literacy practices. Students develop enhanced communication skills by learning to organize their ideas, ask questions, express opinions, and construct narratives as they interact with others and computers in the creation of digital stories...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30356511/setting-research-priorities-to-achieve-long-term-health-targets-in-iran
#19
Parisa Mansoori, Reza Majdzadeh, Zhaleh Abdi, Igor Rudan, Kit Yee Chan, Mohsen Aarabi, Elham Ahmadnezhad, Shirin Ahmadnia, Shahin Akhondzadeh, Ali Azin, Fereidoun Azizi, Reza Dehnavieh, Hassan Eini-Zinab, Farshad Farzadfar, Mohammad Hosein Farzaei, Mostafa Ghanei, AliAkbar Haghdoost, Sedigheh Hantoushzadeh, Gholamreza Heydari, Hassan Joulaei, Naser Kalantari, Roya Kelishadi, Ardeshir Khosravi, Bagher Larijani, Amir Hossein Mahvi, Ali Reza Massah Bavani, Alireza Mesdaghinia, Azarakhsh Mokri, Ali Montazeri, Ehsan Mostafavi, Seyed Abbas Motevalian, Kazem Naddafi, Shekoufeh Nikfar, Seyed Ali Nojoumi, Maryam Noroozian, Alireza Olyaeemanesh, Nasrin Omidvar, Abbas Ostadtaghizadeh, Farshad Pourmalek, Roja Rahimi, Afarin Rahimi-Movaghar, Arash Rashidian, Emran Razaghi, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Gholamhosain Salehi Zalani, Hamid Soori, Jafar Sadegh Tabrizi, AbouAli Vedadhir, Bahareh Yazdizadeh, Masud Yunesian, Mehdi Zare
Background: In 2015, it was estimated that the burden of disease in Iran comprised of 19 million disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), 74% of which were due to non-communicable diseases (NCDs). The observed leading causes of death were cardiovascular diseases (41.9%), neoplasms (14.9%), and road traffic injuries (7.4%). Even so, the health research investment in Iran continues to remain limited. This study aims to identify national health research priorities in Iran for the next five years to assist the efficient use of resources towards achieving the long-term health targets...
December 2018: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30354228/learning-life-and-lactation-knowledge-of-breastfeeding-s-impact-on-breast-cancer-risk-reduction-and-its-influence-on-breastfeeding-practices
#20
Akaansha Ganju, Anupama Suresh, Julie Stephens, Marilly Palettas, Diana Burke, Laura Miles, K Lehman, R Rudesill, Maryam Lustberg, Seuli Bose-Brill, Bhuvaneswari Ramaswamy
INTRODUCTION: The protective effects of breastfeeding against developing breast cancer are well known; however, it is unknown whether women are aware of this breastfeeding benefit. Research Aim/Questions: The aim of this investigation was to determine whether mothers received information about breast cancer risk reduction during breastfeeding counseling and whether this knowledge affected their decision to initiate and sustain breastfeeding. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The survey was conducted at The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center with women aged 18-50 who had at least one live birth...
October 23, 2018: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
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