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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27021688/mexican-medicinal-plants-with-anxiolytic-or-antidepressant-activity-focus-on-preclinical-research
#1
Carolina López-Rubalcava, Erika Estrada-Camarena
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Anxiety and depression are considered the most prevalent psychiatric disorders worldwide. In Mexico, the use of medicinal plants to alleviate the symptoms associated with these psychiatric disorders is increasing. However, there is little scientific evidence that validates the efficacy of these plants. This evidence needs to be critically revised, and further studied to provided scientific support for their use. AIM OF THE STUDY: To identify the plants that are used in Mexico for the treatment of disorders related to anxiety and depression, and to review the current preclinical and when available, clinical information of these plants...
June 20, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25436037/the-role-of-peers-in-the-relation-between-hurricane-exposure-and-ataques-de-nervios-among-puerto-rican-adolescents
#2
Sonia L Rubens, Erika D Felix, Eric M Vernberg, Glorisa Canino
Although a relation between disaster exposure and ataques de nervios (ataques) has been established in adult samples, little is known about this among youth, including factors that may moderate this relation. This study examined the role of the peer context in the relation between exposure to Hurricane Georges and experiencing a past year and lifetime ataques among a representative community sample of 905 youth (N = 476 boys and 429 girls; ages 11-18) residing in Puerto Rico. Data were gathered from 1999-2000 in Puerto Rico, 12-27 months following Hurricane Georges...
November 2014: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24995836/hot-and-cold-medicinal-plant-uses-in-quechua-speaking-communities-in-the-high-andes-callej%C3%A3-n-de-huaylas-ancash-per%C3%A3%C2%BA
#3
Mercedes Gonzales de la Cruz, Severo Baldeón Malpartida, Hamilton Beltrán Santiago, Valérie Jullian, Geneviève Bourdy
ETHNO-PHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: An ethnopharmacological survey has been set up in high altitude Quechua speaking communities dwelling in Callejón de Huaylas (Ancash department, Peru) and in medicinal plant markets in order to document the medicinal plants use of 178 species within the frame of a traditional Andean medicinal system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A sound ethnopharmacological survey was performed during the years 2011, 2012 and 2013 in different places along Callejón de Huaylas valley in the peruvian Andes, were Quechua speaking communities dwell...
September 11, 2014: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24744049/cross-cultural-aspects-of-anxiety-disorders
#4
REVIEW
Stefan G Hofmann, Devon E Hinton
A person's cultural background influences the experience and expression of emotions. In reviewing the recent literature on cross-cultural aspects of anxiety disorders, we identified some culturally related ethnopsychology/ethnophysiology factors (the culture's conceptualizations of how the mind and body function) and contextual factors that influence anxiety disorders. Ethnopsychology/ethnophysiology factors include the person's ideas about the mental and bodily processes (and their interaction), whereas contextual factors are associated with the social norms and rules that may contribute to anxiety, including individualism vs...
June 2014: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23784145/examining-nervios-among-immigrant-male-farmworkers-in-the-micasa-study-sociodemographics-housing-conditions-and-psychosocial-factors
#5
Kathleen O'Connor, Maria Stoecklin-Marois, Marc B Schenker
Nervios is a culturally defined condition of psychological stress with important implications for Latino health. Using epidemiological research methods, we examined the prevalence of nervios and associated risk factors, including drug and alcohol use, acculturation, and housing conditions in a population-based study of farm worker families in Mendota, CA (the MICASA Study). A household enumeration procedure was used for sampling, and 843 individuals were interviewed in 2006-2007. In this analysis, we present data on 422 men, 381 accompanied (family) males and 41 unaccompanied males...
February 2015: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23075802/are-suicide-attempts-by-young-latinas-a-cultural-idiom-of-distress
#6
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Luis H Zayas, Lauren E Gulbas
The high rates of suicide attempts among adolescent Hispanic females in the United States have been well established by epidemiological and clinical studies. In this paper, we review the research history of Latina suicide attempts and their characteristics. Then we apply multi-faceted conceptual and empirical criteria found in the anthropological and psychiatric literature about cultural idioms of distress to the suicide attempts of young Latinas. We contrast the suicide-attempt phenomenon to the well-known ataque de nervios and propose that the phenomenon may reflect a developmental or cultural variant of the ataque...
November 2012: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22270268/cross-cultural-study-of-idioms-of-distress-among-spanish-nationals-and-hispanic-american-migrants-susto-nervios-and-ataque-de-nervios
#7
Glòria Durà-Vilà, Matthew Hodes
PURPOSE: Susto (fright), nervios (nerves) and ataque de nervios (attack of nerves) are idioms of distress widely experienced amongst Hispanic Americans, often associated with psychiatric disorders. This study explores understanding of these idioms of distress and attitudes to help seeking amongst indigenous Spanish and Hispanic American residents in Spain. METHODS: A population survey was undertaken in four adult education centres in Spain. Hypothetical case vignettes of individuals suffering from the idioms of distress were used to investigate understanding and help seeking by a Spanish sample compared with Hispanic American migrants to Spain...
October 2012: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21845335/the-contribution-of-latin-american-and-caribbean-countries-on-culture-bound-syndromes-studies-for-the-icd-10-revision-key-findings-from-a-working-in-progress
#8
REVIEW
Denise Razzouk, Bruno Nogueira, Jair de Jesus Mari
OBJECTIVE: This review aims to verify the scientific evidences for the inclusion of culture bound syndromes in the International Classification of Diseases towards its 11th edition based on studies from Latin American and Caribbean countries. METHOD: Studies were identified in Medline, LILACS and EMBASE databases for the period between 1992 and 2008, and then classified according to the type of study, to the mental disorder, country and number of publications per year...
May 2011: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21769996/beyond-anxious-predisposition-do-padecer-de-nervios-and-ataque-de-nervios-add-incremental-validity-to-predictions-of-current-distress-among-mexican-mothers
#9
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Carmela Alcántara, James L Abelson, Joseph P Gone
BACKGROUND: Nervios (PNRV) and ataque de nervios (ATQ) are culture-bound syndromes with overlapping symptoms of anxiety, depression, and dissociation, shown to have inconsistent associations to psychiatric disorder. Few studies test the basic assumption that PNRV and ATQ are uniformly linked to distress outcomes across Latina/o immigrant groups. This study examined: (a) the extent to which acculturative stress, Latino/US American acculturation, and anxious predisposition were associated with lifetime history of ATQ and PNRV, and (b) the extent to which ATQ and PNRV add incremental validity in explaining acculturative stress and psychological distress beyond measures of anxious predisposition...
January 2012: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21333272/culturally-adapted-cbt-ca-cbt-for-latino-women-with-treatment-resistant-ptsd-a-pilot-study-comparing-ca-cbt-to-applied-muscle-relaxation
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Devon E Hinton, Stefan G Hofmann, Edwin Rivera, Michael W Otto, Mark H Pollack
We examined the therapeutic efficacy of a culturally adapted form of CBT (CA-CBT) for PTSD as compared to applied muscle relaxation (AMR) for female Latino patients with treatment-resistant PTSD. Participants were randomized to receive either CA-CBT (n = 12) or AMR (n = 12), and were assessed before treatment, after treatment, and at a 12-week follow-up. The treatments were manualized and delivered in the form of group therapy across 14 weekly sessions. Assessments included a measure of PTSD, anxiety, culturally relevant idioms of distress (nervios and ataque de nervios), and emotion regulation ability...
April 2011: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21267653/barriers-and-facilitators-of-treatment-for-depression-in-a-latino-community-a-focus-group-study
#11
Lisa A Uebelacker, Beth A Marootian, Paul A Pirraglia, Jennifer Primack, Patrick M Tigue, Ryan Haggarty, Lavinia Velazquez, Jennifer J Bowdoin, Zornitsa Kalibatseva, Ivan W Miller
We conducted focus groups with Latinos enrolled in a Medicaid health plan in order to ask about the barriers to and facilitators of depression treatment in general as well as barriers to participation in depression telephone care management. Telephone care management has been designed for and tested in primary care settings as a way of assisting physicians with caring for their depressed patients. It consists of regular brief contacts between the care manager and the patient; the care manager educates, tracks, and monitors patients with depression, coordinates care between the patient and primary care physician, and may provide short-term psychotherapy...
February 2012: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21166302/understanding-ethnic-racial-health-disparities-in-youth-and-families-in-the-us
#12
Gustavo Carlo, Lisa J Crockett, Miguel A Carranza, Miriam M Martinez
To summarize, ethnic and social class disparities are evident across a spectrum of markers of psychological, behavioral, and physical health. Furthermore, the pattern is often complex such that disparities are sometimes found within ethnic/racial groups as well as across those groups. Indeed, it is likely that the causes of health disparities may be different across specific subgroups. Moreover, theoretical models are needed that examine biological, contextual, and person-level variables (including culture-specific variables) to account for health disparities...
2011: Nebraska Symposium on Motivation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20808711/kyol-goeu-wind-overload-part-ii-prevalence-characteristics-and-mechanisms-of-kyol-goeu-and-near-kyol-goeu-episodes-of-khmer-patients-attending-a-psychiatric-clinic
#13
Devon Hinton, Khin Um, Phalnarith Ba
Kyol goeu (literally, 'wind overload') is an orthostatically triggered syncopal syndrome often found among Khmer refugees in the US. In the present study, 36 of 100 (36%) Khmer patients attending a psychiatric clinic were found to have suffered a kyol goeu episode in the past, whereas 60 of 100 (60%) patients had experienced a near-kyol goeu event in the last six months. Following a survey-based characterization of kyol goeu, as well as the presentation of case vignettes, the article discusses six mechanisms resulting in the high prevalence of the syndrome...
December 2001: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20603387/ethno-cultural-variations-in-the-experience-and-meaning-of-mental-illness-and-treatment-implications-for-access-and-utilization
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Elizabeth Carpenter-Song, Edward Chu, Robert E Drake, Mieka Ritsema, Beverly Smith, Hoyt Alverson
We conducted a study to investigate how understandings of mental illness and responses to mental health services vary along ethno-racial lines. Participants were 25 African American, Latino, and Euro-American inner-city residents in Hartford Connecticut diagnosed with severe mental illness and currently enrolled in a larger study of a community mental health center. Data were collected through 18 months of ethnographic work in the community. Overall, Euro-Americans participants were most aligned with professional disease-oriented perspectives on severe mental illness and sought the advice and counsel of mental health professionals...
April 2010: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20414799/association-of-trauma-related-disorders-and-dissociation-with-four-idioms-of-distress-among-latino-psychiatric-outpatients
#15
Roberto Lewis-Fernández, Magdaliz Gorritz, Greer A Raggio, Clara Peláez, Henian Chen, Peter J Guarnaccia
Past research on idioms of distress among U.S. Latinos has revealed that ataque de nervios and altered perceptions, such as hearing and seeing things when alone, are independent markers of higher morbidity and mental health utilization despite having no one-to-one relationships with any single psychiatric diagnosis. It has been proposed that the idioms exert this effect because they are signs of distressing dissociative capacity associated with traumatic exposure. This study examines the relationships in an ethnically diverse Latino psychiatric outpatient sample (N = 230) among interpersonal trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), major depressive disorder, dissociative capacity and four cultural idioms of distress associated with the popular overall category of nervios...
June 2010: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20370802/ataques-de-nervios-and-somatic-complaints-among-island-and-mainland-puerto-rican-children
#16
Irene Lopez, Rafael Ramirez, Peter Guarnaccia, Glorisa Canino, Hector Bird
UNLABELLED: Previous research has documented the association between the Latino cultural idiom of distress, ataques de nervios (i.e., "attacks of nerves"), and unexplained neurological symptoms among adults. However, the associations between ataques and somatic complaints in children have not been sufficiently explored. AIMS: In this study, we assessed the relation between this anxiety-related experience, henceforth ataques, and somatic complaints in a probability sample of Puerto Rican youth, ages 5-13 years, living in San Juan, Puerto Rico (N = 1353) and in the South Bronx, New York (N = 1138)...
June 2011: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20099960/the-development-of-the-adolescent-nervios-scale-preliminary-findings
#17
Andrew Livanis, Georgiana Shick Tryon
This paper details the construction of a scale to measure the culture-bound syndrome of nervios in Latino early adolescents, ages 11 to 14. Informed by nervios literature and experts, we developed the 31-item Adolescent Nervios Scale (ANS) with items comprised of symptoms representing various psychiatric conditions common to Western culture. In contrast to 277 non-Latino early adolescents who responded to the items as representing disparate constructs, 307 Latino early adolescents responded to ANS items in a unitary fashion...
January 2010: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20010029/ataques-de-nervios-and-their-psychiatric-correlates-in-puerto-rican-children-from-two-different-contexts
#18
Irene López, Fernando Rivera, Rafael Ramirez, Peter J Guarnaccia, Glorisa Canino, Héctor R Bird
Among Latino adults and children, ataques de nervios has been associated with an array of psychiatric disorders. Using data from a probability sample of Puerto Rican children, aged 5 to 13 years (N = 2491), we assessed the lifetime prevalence and psychiatric correlates of ataques in youth residing in the South Bronx, New York and San Juan, Puerto Rico. Baseline site comparisons indicated that between 4% and 5% of children had a lifetime prevalence of ataques (either by child or parent report) and that ataques were associated with greater global impairment and a host of childhood disorders within the previous twelve months...
December 2009: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19837782/clinical-pitfalls-in-the-diagnosis-of-ataque-de-nervios-a-case-study
#19
Dana Lizardi, Maria A Oquendo, Ruth Graver
Ataque de nervios (attack of nerves) is an idiom of distress generally thought of in relation to Caribbean Hispanics. The following case study discusses the presentation of ataque de nervios in a Colombian female. This case study provides insight into a different presentation of ataque de nervios in a new population that clinicians should be aware of in order to ensure accurate diagnosis. Ataque de nervios is a distinct syndrome that does not fully correspond with any single DSM-IV diagnosis. However, there is overlap between symptoms in this condition and those in conventional clinical diagnoses...
September 2009: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19691546/a-model-of-the-generation-of-ataque-de-nervios-the-role-of-fear-of-negative-affect-and-fear-of-arousal-symptoms
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Devon E Hinton, Roberto Lewis-Fernández, Mark H Pollack
This article examines a model of the generation of ataque de nervios, according to which both fear of negative affectivity and fear of arousal symptoms are associated with the emergence of ataques. We examine the relationship of fear of negative affectivity and fear of arousal to the severity of ataque de nervios during the last month and the last 6 months among Caribbean Latinos residing in the United States. The measures include a Fear of Anger Scale and the Anxiety Sensitivity Index (ASI), the ASI augmented with two items that assess fear of arousal symptoms common in ataques: chest tightness and a sense of inner heat...
2009: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
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