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Lynne maxwell

Stephanie A Black, Lynne G Maxwell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Anesthesiology
Elise B Ciner, Marjean Taylor Kulp, Maureen G Maguire, Maxwell Pistilli, T Rowan Candy, Bruce Moore, Gui-Shuang Ying, Graham Quinn, Gale Orlansky, Lynn Cyert
PURPOSE: To compare visual performance between emmetropic and uncorrected moderately hyperopic preschool-age children without strabismus or amblyopia. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: setting: Multicenter, institutional. patient or study population: Children aged 4 or 5 years. intervention or observation procedures: Visual functions were classified as normal or reduced for each child based on the 95% confidence interval for emmetropic individuals...
October 2016: American Journal of Ophthalmology
Lena S Sun, Guohua Li, Tonya L K Miller, Cynthia Salorio, Mary W Byrne, David C Bellinger, Caleb Ing, Raymond Park, Jerilynn Radcliffe, Stephen R Hays, Charles J DiMaggio, Timothy J Cooper, Virginia Rauh, Lynne G Maxwell, Ahrim Youn, Francis X McGowan
IMPORTANCE: Exposure of young animals to commonly used anesthetics causes neurotoxicity including impaired neurocognitive function and abnormal behavior. The potential neurocognitive and behavioral effects of anesthesia exposure in young children are thus important to understand. OBJECTIVE: To examine if a single anesthesia exposure in otherwise healthy young children was associated with impaired neurocognitive development and abnormal behavior in later childhood...
June 7, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Elisha de Valle, George Grigoriadis, Lorraine A O'Reilly, Simon N Willis, Mhairi J Maxwell, Lynn M Corcoran, Evelyn Tsantikos, Jasper K S Cornish, Kirsten A Fairfax, Ajithkumar Vasanthakumar, Mark A Febbraio, Margaret L Hibbs, Marc Pellegrini, Ashish Banerjee, Philip D Hodgkin, Axel Kallies, Fabienne Mackay, Andreas Strasser, Steve Gerondakis, Raffi Gugasyan
We examined the role of NFκB1 in the homeostasis and function of peripheral follicular (Fo) B cells. Aging mice lacking NFκB1 (Nfκb1(-/-)) develop lymphoproliferative and multiorgan autoimmune disease attributed in large part to the deregulated activity of Nfκb1(-/-)Fo B cells that produce excessive levels of the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin 6 (IL-6). Despite enhanced germinal center (GC) B cell differentiation, the formation of GC structures was severely disrupted in the Nfκb1(-/-)mice. Bone marrow chimeric mice revealed that the Fo B cell-intrinsic loss of NFκB1 led to the spontaneous generation of GC B cells...
April 4, 2016: Journal of Experimental Medicine
Wallis T Muhly, Wudbhav N Sankar, Kelly Ryan, Annette Norton, Lynne G Maxwell, Theresa DiMaggio, Sharon Farrell, Rachel Hughes, Alex Gornitzky, Ron Keren, John J McCloskey, John M Flynn
BACKGROUND: Posterior spinal fusion (PSF) for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is associated with significant pain and prolonged hospitalization. There is evidence that early mobilization and multimodal analgesia can accelerate functional recovery and reduced length of stay (LOS). Using these principles, we implemented a quality improvement initiative to enable earlier functional recovery in our AIS-PSF population. METHODS: We designed and implemented a standardized rapid recovery pathway (RRP) with evidence-based management recommendations for children aged 10 to 21 years undergoing PSF for AIS...
April 2016: Pediatrics
Marjean Taylor Kulp, Elise Ciner, Maureen Maguire, Bruce Moore, Jill Pentimonti, Maxwell Pistilli, Lynn Cyert, T Rowan Candy, Graham Quinn, Gui-Shuang Ying
PURPOSE: To compare early literacy of 4- and 5-year-old uncorrected hyperopic children with that of emmetropic children. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. PARTICIPANTS: Children attending preschool or kindergarten who had not previously worn refractive correction. METHODS: Cycloplegic refraction was used to identify hyperopia (≥3.0 to ≤6.0 diopters [D] in most hyperopic meridian of at least 1 eye, astigmatism ≤1.5 D, anisometropia ≤1...
April 2016: Ophthalmology
Lynn M Naughton, Shi-qi An, Ingyu Hwang, Shan-Ho Chou, Yong-Qiang He, Ji-Liang Tang, Robert P Ryan, J Maxwell Dow
A number of species of bacteria from the genus Burkholderia have been shown to be causal agents of diseases of rice. These diseases, caused by Burkholderia glumae, B. gladioli and B. plantarii, are becoming increasingly common across the globe. This is particularly so for B. glumae, whose ability to grow at elevated temperatures suggests that it may become a prevalent problem in an era of global warming. Despite the increasing threat to rice, relatively little is known about the virulence mechanisms employed by these pathogens...
March 2016: Environmental Microbiology
Christopher G Ward, Scott J Hines, Lynne G Maxwell, Francis X McGowan, Lena S Sun
BACKGROUND: Recent articles in both scholarly journals and the lay press about the topic of anesthetic related neurotoxicity have increased the awareness and discussion of this topic with parents and other pediatric medical specialties (i.e., surgeons, radiologists, and pediatricians). AIM: The purpose of the present study was to survey how a subset of pediatric anesthesia departments in the US have responded to the issue of anesthetic related neurotoxicity in terms of clinical practice, training and communication with other medical specialties, and the frequency and timing of discussions with families...
January 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Wallis T Muhly, Harshad G Gurnaney, Francis W Kraemer, Arjunan Ganesh, Lynne G Maxwell
INTRODUCTION: Continuous thoracic epidural analgesia is useful in the management of infants following thoracotomy. Concerns about drug accumulation and toxicity limit the amount of amide local anesthetics that can be delivered. Continuous epidural infusions of the ester local anesthetic chloroprocaine result in little drug accumulation allowing for higher infusion rates. We retrospectively compared patients managed with 1.5% 2- chloroprocaine or 0.1% ropivacaine epidural infusions to determine if the increased infusion rate resulted in similar or improved analgesia...
November 2015: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Lynn Ashdown, Evan Lewis, Maxwell Hincke, Alireza Jalali
Purpose. To evaluate the impact of an optional thoracic dissection elective upon anatomy subject acquisition and determine whether peer-mediated teaching has a beneficial effect. Methodology. First year medical students' results on thoracic anatomy laboratory examinations over a five-year period were obtained. All students were taught in the laboratory using prosected specimens as part of a standard curriculum. A subset of students from each class volunteered to participate in an optional thoracic dissection...
2013: ISRN Anatomy
Guilherme Borges, Sarah Zemore, Ricardo Orozco, Cheryl J Cherpitel, Yu Ye, Jason Bond, Jane Carlisle Maxwell, Lynn Wallisch
BACKGROUND: The U.S.-Mexico border displays elevated rates of hazardous alcohol and drug use. Whether the co-occurrence of alcohol and drug use and disorders is also high in the border area is unknown. METHODS: Data are from the U.S.-Mexico Study on Alcohol and Related Conditions, a cross-sectional survey of randomly selected respondents interviewed from 2011 to 2013. Participants included 1,690 Mexican Americans from Texas (572 in an off-border city and 1,118 from 3 border cities) and 1,293 Mexicans from Nuevo Leon and Tamaulipas (415 in an off-border city and 878 from 3 Mexican cities bordering Texas) who reported drinking in the last 12 months...
April 2015: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
Deborah J Rhodes, Carrie B Hruska, Amy Lynn Conners, Cindy L Tortorelli, Robert W Maxwell, Katie N Jones, Alicia Y Toledano, Michael K O'Connor
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to assess the diagnostic performance of supplemental screening molecular breast imaging (MBI) in women with mammographically dense breasts after system modifications to permit radiation dose reduction. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. A total of 1651 asymptomatic women with mammographically dense breasts on prior mammography underwent screening mammography and adjunct MBI performed with 300-MBq (99m)Tc-sestamibi and a direct-conversion (cadmium zinc telluride) gamma camera, both interpreted independently...
February 2015: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
Kenneth R Goldschneider, Julie Good, Emily Harrop, Christina Liossi, Anne Lynch-Jordan, Anna E Martinez, Lynne G Maxwell, Danette Stanko-Lopp
BACKGROUND: Inherited epidermolysis bullosa (EB) comprises a group of rare disorders that have multi-system effects and patients present with a number of both acute and chronic pain care needs. Effects on quality of life are substantial. Pain and itching are burdensome daily problems. Experience with, and knowledge of, the best pain and itch care for these patients is minimal. Evidence-based best care practice guidelines are needed to establish a base of knowledge and practice for practitioners of many disciplines to improve the quality of life for both adult and pediatric patients with EB...
2014: BMC Medicine
Reed Maxwell, Steven Jay Lynn, Liam Condon
Our research extends studies that have examined the relation between hypnotic suggestibility and experiential involvement and the role of an hypnotic induction in enhancing experiential involvement (e.g., absorption) in engaging tasks. Researchers have reported increased involvement in reading (Baum & Lynn, 1981) and music-listening (Snodgrass & Lynn, 1989) tasks during hypnosis. We predicted a similar effect for film viewing: greater experiential involvement in an emotional (The Champ) versus a non-emotional (Scenes of Toronto) film...
May 2015: Consciousness and Cognition
Angela R Bradbury, Linda Patrick-Miller, Jessica Long, Jacquelyn Powers, Jill Stopfer, Andrea Forman, Christina Rybak, Kristin Mattie, Amanda Brandt, Rachelle Chambers, Wendy K Chung, Jane Churpek, Mary B Daly, Laura Digiovanni, Dana Farengo-Clark, Dominique Fetzer, Pamela Ganschow, Generosa Grana, Cassandra Gulden, Michael Hall, Lynne Kohler, Kara Maxwell, Shana Merrill, Susan Montgomery, Rebecca Mueller, Sarah Nielsen, Olufunmilayo Olopade, Kimberly Rainey, Christina Seelaus, Katherine L Nathanson, Susan M Domchek
PURPOSE: Multiplex genetic testing, including both moderate- and high-penetrance genes for cancer susceptibility, is associated with greater uncertainty than traditional testing, presenting challenges to informed consent and genetic counseling. We sought to develop a new model for informed consent and genetic counseling for four ongoing studies. METHODS: Drawing from professional guidelines, literature, conceptual frameworks, and clinical experience, a multidisciplinary group developed a tiered-binned genetic counseling approach proposed to facilitate informed consent and improve outcomes of cancer susceptibility multiplex testing...
June 2015: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
Lynne R Prince, Nicola C Maxwell, Sharonjit K Gill, David H Dockrell, Ian Sabroe, Eamon P McGreal, Sailesh Kotecha, Moira K Whyte
BACKGROUND: The etiology of persistent lung inflammation in preterm infants with chronic lung disease of prematurity (CLD) is poorly characterized, hampering efforts to stratify prognosis and treatment. Airway macrophages are important innate immune cells with roles in both the induction and resolution of tissue inflammation. OBJECTIVES: To investigate airway innate immune cellular phenotypes in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) or CLD. METHODS: Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid was obtained from term and preterm infants requiring mechanical ventilation...
2014: PloS One
Lynne G Maxwell, George M Buckley, Sapna R Kudchadkar, Elizabeth Ely, Emily L Stebbins, Christine Dube, Athir Morad, Ebaa A Jastaniah, Navil F Sethna, Myron Yaster
INTRODUCTION: Pain management following major intracranial surgery is often limited by a presumed lack of need and a concern that opioids will adversely affect postoperative outcome and interfere with the neurologic examination. Nevertheless, evidence in adults is accumulating that these patients suffer moderate to severe pain, and this pain is often under-treated. The purpose of this prospective, clinical observational cohort study was to assess the incidence of pain, prescribed analgesics, methods of analgesic delivery, and patient/parent satisfaction in pediatric patients undergoing cranial surgery at three major university children's hospitals...
November 2014: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Catherine M Alder, Martin Ambler, Amanda J Campbell, Aurelie C Champigny, Angela M Deakin, John D Harling, Carol A Harris, Tim Longstaff, Sean Lynn, Aoife C Maxwell, Chris J Mooney, Callum Scullion, Onkar M P Singh, Ian E D Smith, Donald O Somers, Christopher J Tame, Gareth Wayne, Caroline Wilson, James M Woolven
Inhibition of Itk potentially constitutes a novel, nonsteroidal treatment for asthma and other T-cell mediated diseases. In-house kinase cross-screening resulted in the identification of an aminopyrazole-based series of Itk inhibitors. Initial work on this series highlighted selectivity issues with several other kinases, particularly AurA and AurB. A template-hopping strategy was used to identify a series of aminobenzothiazole Itk inhibitors, which utilized an inherently more selective hinge binding motif. Crystallography and modeling were used to rationalize the observed selectivity...
October 10, 2013: ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters
James Womer, Wenjun Zhong, F Wickham Kraemer, Lynne G Maxwell, Elizabeth A Ely, Jennifer A Faerber, Dingwei Dai, Chris Feudtner
CONTEXT: Appropriate use of opioids is essential to manage moderate-to-severe pain in children safely and effectively, yet published guidance regarding opioid treatment for pediatric patients is limited, potentially resulting in excessive variation in opioid use in pediatric patients across hospitals in the U.S. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to evaluate hospital variation in opioid use in pediatric inpatients. METHODS: Using data from the Pediatric Health Information System and the Premier Perspective Database regarding all pediatric inpatients in 626 hospitals, we examined hospital variation in opioid use and the length of opioid use, adjusting for patient demographic and clinical characteristics and for hospital type (children's vs...
November 2014: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Harshad Gurnaney, F Wickham Kraemer, Lynne Maxwell, Wallis T Muhly, Laura Schleelein, Arjunan Ganesh
BACKGROUND: Although the role of regional anesthesia in pediatric patients has been increasing over the last few years, there are only a few small case series that describe the use of ambulatory continuous peripheral nerve blocks (CPNBs) in this patient population. In this report, we describe our experience with the use of ambulatory CPNBs in 1285 children. METHODS: Data were collected for consecutive children who had a CPNB placed between January 2005 and December 2011 at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia from the departmental regional anesthesia database...
March 2014: Anesthesia and Analgesia
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