keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

In vivo gene silencing

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936683/trail-enhances-quinacrine-mediated-apoptosis-in-breast-cancer-cells-through-induction-of-autophagy-via-modulation-of-p21-and-dr5-interactions
#1
Sarita Das, Anmada Nayak, Sumit Siddharth, Deepika Nayak, Satya Narayan, Chanakya Nath Kundu
PURPOSE: Previously, we reported that quinacrine (QC) may cause apoptosis in breast and colon cancer cells by activating the death receptor 5 (DR5), resulting in autophagic cell death through p21 modulation. Here, we systematically evaluated the combined role of p21 and DR5 and their crosstalk in QC-mediated autophagy and apoptosis in breast cancer cells using in vitro and in vivo models. METHODS: Multiple breast cancer-derived cell lines (MCF-7, ZR-75-1, T47D, MDA-MB-231 and MCF-10A-Tr) and a mouse xenograft model were used...
September 21, 2017: Cellular Oncology (Dordrecht)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935813/asxl3-is-a-novel-pluripotency-factor-in-human-respiratory-epithelial-cells-and-a-potential-therapeutic-target-in-small-cell-lung-cancer
#2
Vivek Shukla, Mahadev Rao, Hongen Zhang, Jeanette Beers, Darawalee Wangsa, Danny Wangsa, Floryne O Buishand, Yonghong Wang, Zhiya Yu, Holly Stevenson, Emily Reardon, Kaitlin C McLoughlin, Andrew Kaufman, Eden Payabyab, Julie A Hong, Mary Zhang, Sean R Davis, Daniel C Edelman, Guokai Chen, Markku Miettinen, Nicholas Restfo, Thomas Ried, Paul S Meltzer, David S Schrump
In this study, we generated induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) from normal human small airway epithelial cells (SAEC) to investigate epigenetic mechanisms of stemness and pluripotency in lung cancers. We documented key hallmarks of reprogramming in lung iPSC (Lu-iPSC) that coincided with modulation of more than 15,000 genes relative to parental SAEC. Of particular novelty, we identified the PRC2-associated protein, ASXL3 which was markedly upregulated in Lu-iPSC and small cell lung cancer (SCLC) lines and clinical specimens...
September 21, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933484/long-non-coding-rna-snhg17-is-an-unfavourable-prognostic-factor-and-promotes-cell-proliferation-by-epigenetically-silencing-p57-in-colorectal-cancer
#3
Zhonghua Ma, Shengying Gu, Min Song, Changsheng Yan, Bingqing Hui, Hao Ji, Jirong Wang, Jianping Zhang, Keming Wang, Qinghong Zhao
Recently, substantial evidence has demonstrated that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play critical roles in multiple cancers including colorectal cancer (CRC). Utilizing publicly available lncRNA-expression-profiling data from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) dataset GSE21510, we screened SNHG17 as a new candidate lncRNA associated with CRC development and progression. We further demonstrated that SNHG17 was upregulated in CRC tissues, and that its overexpression was significantly correlated with tumor size, TNM stage, and lymph node metastasis in CRC patients...
September 21, 2017: Molecular BioSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931820/the-non-canonical-poly-a-polymerase-fam46c-acts-as-an-onco-suppressor-in-multiple-myeloma
#4
Seweryn Mroczek, Justyna Chlebowska, Tomasz M Kuliński, Olga Gewartowska, Jakub Gruchota, Dominik Cysewski, Vladyslava Liudkovska, Ewa Borsuk, Dominika Nowis, Andrzej Dziembowski
FAM46C is one of the most frequently mutated genes in multiple myeloma. Here, using a combination of in vitro and in vivo approaches, we demonstrate that FAM46C encodes an active non-canonical poly(A) polymerase which enhances mRNA stability and gene expression. Reintroduction of active FAM46C into multiple myeloma cell lines, but not its catalytically-inactive mutant, leads to broad polyadenylation and stabilization of mRNAs strongly enriched with those encoding endoplasmic reticulum-targeted proteins and induces cell death...
September 20, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930691/dna-methylome-analysis-identifies-transcription-factor-based-epigenomic-signatures-of-multilineage-competence-in-neural-stem-progenitor-cells
#5
Tsukasa Sanosaka, Takuya Imamura, Nobuhiko Hamazaki, MuhChyi Chai, Katsuhide Igarashi, Maky Ideta-Otsuka, Fumihito Miura, Takashi Ito, Nobuyuki Fujii, Kazuho Ikeo, Kinichi Nakashima
Regulation of the epigenome during in vivo specification of brain stem cells is still poorly understood. Here, we report DNA methylome analyses of directly sampled cortical neural stem and progenitor cells (NS/PCs) at different development stages, as well as those of terminally differentiated cortical neurons, astrocytes, and oligodendrocytes. We found that sequential specification of cortical NS/PCs is regulated by two successive waves of demethylation at early and late development stages, which are responsible for the establishment of neuron- and glia-specific low-methylated regions (LMRs), respectively...
September 19, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930602/molecular-biology-of-tick-acetylcholinesterases
#6
Kevin Bruce Temeyer
Ticks vector many pathogens with major health and economic impacts and have developed resistance to most acaricides used for tick control. Organophosphate (OP) acaricides target acetylcholinesterase (AChE) critical to tick central nervous system function. Mutations producing tick AChEs resistant to OPs were characterized; but tick OP-resistance is not fully elucidated, due to remarkable complexity of tick cholinergic systems. Three paralogous tick AChEs exhibiting differences in primary structure and biochemical kinetics are encoded by amplified genes with developmentally regulated expression...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929377/opposing-roles-of-the-aldo-keto-reductases-akr1b1-and-akr1b10-in-colorectal-cancer
#7
Betul Taskoparan, Esin Gulce Seza, Secil Demirkol, Sinem Tuncer, Milan Stefek, Ali Osmay Gure, Sreeparna Banerjee
PURPOSE: Aldo-keto reductases (including AKR1B1 and AKR1B10) constitute a family of oxidoreductases that have been implicated in the pathophysiology of diabetes and cancer, including colorectal cancer (CRC). Available data indicate that, despite their similarities in structure and enzymatic functions, their roles in CRC may be divergent. Here, we aimed to determine the expression and functional implications of AKR1B1 and AKR1B10 in CRC. METHODS: AKR1B1 and AKR1B10 gene expression levels were analyzed using publicly available microarray data and ex vivo CRC-derived cDNA samples...
September 19, 2017: Cellular Oncology (Dordrecht)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928088/20-s-ginsenoside-rh2-suppresses-proliferation-and-migration-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells-by-targeting-ezh2-to-regulate-cdkn2a-2b-gene-cluster-transcription
#8
Qi Li, Bai Li, Chengya Dong, Yajie Wang, Qi Li
20(S)-Ginsenoside Rh2 (20(S)-GRh2) exerts important pharmacological effects with regard to the control of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). EZH2 is a potent histone methyltransferase of H3K27me(3), which has been determined as an oncogene in many malignancies. The CDKN2A-2B gene cluster encodes three important tumor suppressors, P14, P15 and P16. In this study, the anticancer effect and molecular mechanism of 20(S)-GRh2 on HCC was investigated. Treatment of HCC cells with 20(S)-GRh2 inhibited cell proliferation, migration and induced cell cycle arrest at the G0/G1 phase, and inhibited tumor growth in vivo...
September 16, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927055/silencing-dna-methyltransferase-1-leads-to-the-activation-of-the-esophageal-suppressor-gene-p16-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#9
Jian Bai, Xue Zhang, Bangqing Liu, Haiyong Wang, Zhenzong Du, Jianfei Song
Previous studies have demonstrated that DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) is required for the maintenance of DNA methylation and epigenetic changes that may lead to the development of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). In order to investigate whether the silencing of DNMT1 protects tumor suppressor genes, including p16, and is able to be used as a potential therapy for human ESCC, short hairpin RNA targeting DNMT1 (shRNA-DNMT1) was synthesized and transfected into the human ESCC lines KYSE150 and KYSE410, which were then injected into the backs of nude mice prior to harvesting...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925678/dual-functionalized-graphene-oxide-based-sirna-delivery-system-for-implant-surface-bio-modification-with-enhanced-osteogenesis
#10
Li Zhang, Qing Zhou, Wen Song, Kaimin Wu, Yumei Zhang, Yimin Zhao
Surface functionalization by siRNA is a novel strategy for improved implant osseointegration. Gene delivery system with safety and high transfection activity is a crucial factor for siRNA-functionalized implant to exert its biological function. To this end, polyethylene glycol (PEG) and polyethylenimine (PEI) dual-functionalized graphene oxide (GO) (nGO-PEG-PEI) may present a promising siRNA vector. In this study, nano-sized nGO-PEG-PEI was prepared and optimized for siRNA delivery. Titania nanotubes (NT) fabricated by anodic oxidation were bio-modified with nGO-PEG-PEI/siRNA by cathodic electrodeposition, designated as NT-GPP/siRNA...
September 19, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924205/the-multifunctional-polydnavirus-tnbvank1-protein-impact-on-host-apoptotic-pathway
#11
Rosanna Salvia, Gerarda Grossi, Angela Amoresano, Carmen Scieuzo, Marisa Nardiello, Chiara Giangrande, Ilaria Laurenzana, Vitalba Ruggieri, Sabino A Bufo, S Bradleigh Vinson, Monica Carmosino, David Neunemann, Heiko Vogel, Pietro Pucci, Patrizia Falabella
Toxoneuron nigriceps (Hymenoptera, Braconidae) is an endophagous parasitoid of the larval stages of the tobacco budworm, Heliothis virescens (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae). The bracovirus associated with this wasp (TnBV) is currently being studied. Several genes expressed in parasitised host larvae have been isolated and their possible roles partly elucidated. TnBVank1 encodes an ankyrin motif protein similar to insect and mammalian IκB, an inhibitor of the transcription nuclear factor κB (NF-κB). Here we show that, when TnBVank1 was stably expressed in polyclonal Drosophila S2 cells, apoptosis is induced...
September 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923841/a-novel-notch-yap-circuit-drives-stemness-and-tumorigenesis-in-embryonal-rhabdomyosarcoma
#12
Katherine K Slemmons, Lisa E S Crose, Stefan Riedel, Manuela Sushnitha, Brian C Belyea, Corinne M Linardic
Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS), a cancer characterized by skeletal muscle features, is the most common soft tissue sarcoma of childhood. While low and intermediate-risk groups have seen improved outcomes, high-risk patients still face a 5-year survival of <30%, a statistic that has not changed in over 40 years. Understanding the biologic underpinnings of RMS is critical. The developmental pathways of Notch and YAP have been identified as potent but independent oncogenic signals that support the embryonal variant of RMS (eRMS)...
September 18, 2017: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918028/human-dmbt1-derived-cell-penetrating-peptides-for-intracellular-sirna-delivery
#13
Martina Tuttolomondo, Cinzia Casella, Pernille Lund Hansen, Ester Polo, Luciana M Herda, Kenneth A Dawson, Henrik J Ditzel, Jan Mollenhauer
Small interfering RNA (siRNA) is a promising molecule for gene therapy, but its therapeutic administration remains problematic. Among the recently proposed vectors, cell-penetrating peptides show great promise in in vivo trials for siRNA delivery. Human protein DMBT1 (deleted in malignant brain tumor 1) is a pattern recognition molecule that interacts with polyanions and recognizes and aggregates bacteria. Taking advantage of these properties, we investigated whether specific synthetic DMBT1-derived peptides could be used to formulate nanoparticles for siRNA administration...
September 15, 2017: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918019/dual-tumor-targeting-nanocarrier-system-for-sirna-delivery-based-on-prna-and-modified-chitosan
#14
Lin Li, Xiaoqin Hu, Min Zhang, Siyu Ma, Fanglin Yu, Shiqing Zhao, Nan Liu, Zhiyuan Wang, Yu Wang, Hua Guan, Xiujie Pan, Yue Gao, Yue Zhang, Yan Liu, Yang Yang, Xuemei Tang, Mingyuan Li, Cheng Liu, Zhiping Li, Xingguo Mei
Highly specific and efficient delivery of siRNA is still unsatisfactory. Herein, a dual tumor-targeting siRNA delivery system combining pRNA dimers with chitosan nanoparticles (CNPPs) was designed to improve the specificity and efficiency of siRNA delivery. In this dual delivery system, folate-conjugated and PEGylated chitosan nanoparticles encapsulating pRNA dimers were used as the first class of delivery system and would selectively deliver intact pRNA dimers near or into target cells. pRNA dimers simultaneously carrying siRNA and targeting aptamer, the second class of delivery system, would specifically deliver siRNA into the target cells via aptamer-mediated endocytosis or proper particle size...
September 15, 2017: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918015/a-microrna124-target-sequence-restores-astrocyte-specificity-of-gfaabc1d-driven-transgene-expression-in-aav-mediated-gene-transfer
#15
Grit Taschenberger, Julia Tereshchenko, Sebastian Kügler
Experimentally restricting transgene expression exclusively to astrocytes has proven difficult. Using adeno-associated-virus-mediated gene transfer, we assessed two commonly used glial fibrillary acidic protein promoters: the full-length version gfa2 (2,210-bp human glial fibrillary acidic protein [GFAP] promoter) and the truncated variant gfaABC1D (681-bp GFAP promoter). The capacity to drive efficient, but also cell-type specific, expression of the EGFP in astrocytes was tested both in vitro in rat primary cortical cultures as well as in vivo in the rat striatum...
September 15, 2017: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912886/the-ph-triggered-triblock-nanocarrier-enabled-highly-efficient-sirna-delivery-for-cancer-therapy
#16
Lili Du, Junhui Zhou, Lingwei Meng, Xiaoxia Wang, Changrong Wang, Yuanyu Huang, Shuquan Zheng, Liandong Deng, Huiqing Cao, Zicai Liang, Anjie Dong, Qiang Cheng
Small interfering RNA (siRNA) therapies have been hampered by lack of delivery systems in the past decades. Nowadays, a few promising vehicles for siRNA delivery have been developed and it is gradually revealed that enhancing siRNA release from endosomes into cytosol is a very important factor for successful delivery. Here, we designed a novel pH-sensitive nanomicelle, PEG-PTTMA-P(GMA-S-DMA) (PTMS), for siRNA delivery. Owing to rapid hydrolysis in acidic environment, PTMS NPs underwent hydrophobic-to-hydrophilic transition in endosomes that enabled combination of proton sponge effect and raised osmotic pressure in endosomes, resulting in vigorous release of siRNAs from endosomes into cytosol...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904365/rnai-mediated-silencing-of-a-pyruvate-dehydrogenase-kinase-enhances-triacylglycerol-biosynthesis-in-the-oleaginous-marine-alga-nannochloropsis-salina
#17
Xiaonian Ma, Lina Yao, Bo Yang, Yuan Kun Lee, Feng Chen, Jin Liu
Oleaginous microalgae have been emerging as the third-generation feedstocks for biofuel production. Genetic manipulation for improving triacylglycerol (TAG) accumulation represents a promising approach towards the economics of microalgal biofuels. Acetyl-CoA, the essential carbon precursor for de novo fatty acid biosynthesis, can be derived from pyruvate catalyzed by pyruvate dehydrogenase, which is negatively regulated by pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase (PDK). In the present study, we characterized a PDK gene (NsPDK) from Nannochloropsis salina...
September 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903350/zeb1-confers-stem-cell-like-properties-in-breast-cancer-by-targeting-neurogenin-3
#18
Chen Zhou, Huimin Jiang, Zhen Zhang, Guomin Zhang, Hang Wang, Quansheng Zhang, Peiqing Sun, Rong Xiang, Shuang Yang
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are a subpopulation of cancer cells believed to be implicated in cancer initiation, progression, and recurrence. Here, we report that ectopic expression of zinc finger E-box binding homeobox 1 protein (ZEB1) results in the acquisition of CSC properties by breast cancer cells, leading to tumor initiation and progression in vitro and in vivo. The neurogenin 3 gene (Ngn3) is a bona fide target of ZEB1, and its repression is a key factor contributing to ZEB1-induced cancer cell stemness...
August 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903320/e2f3-upregulation-promotes-tumor-malignancy-through-the-transcriptional-activation-of-hif-2%C3%AE-in-clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinoma
#19
Yu Gao, Hongzhao Li, Xin Ma, Yang Fan, Dong Ni, Yu Zhang, Qingbo Huang, Kan Liu, Xintao Li, Lei Wang, Yuanxin Yao, Qing Ai, Xu Zhang
The E2F3 transcriptional regulatory pathway plays a major part in multiple-cancer progression, but the specific contributions of this pathway to tumor formation and the progression of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) are not fully understood. Clinically, we demonstrated that E2F3 was overexpressed in advanced tumor features. Moreover, cytoplasmic restoration predicted the poor overall survival of ccRCC patients. As a remarkable oncogene for ccRCC, high HIF-2α levels closely correlated with E2F3 upregulation...
August 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902164/slbir3-negatively-regulates-pamp-responses-and-cell-death-in-tomato
#20
Shuhua Huang, Shuming Nie, Shufen Wang, Jianwei Liu, Yanfeng Zhang, Xiaofeng Wang
Bri1-associated kinase 1 (BAK1)-interacting receptor-like kinase (BIR) proteins have been shown to play important roles in regulating growth and development, pathogen associated molecular pattern (PAMP)-triggered immunity (PTI) responses, and cell death in the model plant, Arabidopsis thaliana. We identified four BIR family members in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), including SlBIR3, an ortholog of AtBIR3 from A. thaliana. SlBIR3 is predicted to encode a membrane localized non-arginine-aspartate (non-RD) kinase that, based on protein sequence, does not have autophosphorylation activity but that can be phosphorylated in vivo...
September 13, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
keyword
keyword
108106
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"