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lupus tuberculosis

Xiaojing Zheng, Catherine M O'Connell, Wujuan Zhong, Taylor B Poston, Harold C Wiesenfeld, Sharon L Hillier, Maria Trent, Charlotte Gaydos, George Tseng, Brandie D Taylor, Toni Darville
Sexually transmitted infection (STI) of the upper reproductive tract can result in inflammation and infertility. A biomarker of STI-induced upper tract inflammation would be significant as many women are asymptomatic and delayed treatment increases risk of sequelae. Blood mRNA from 111 women from three cohorts was profiled using microarray. Unsupervised analysis revealed a transcriptional profile that distinguished 9 cases of STI-induced endometritis from 18 with cervical STI or uninfected controls. Using a hybrid feature selection algorithm we identified 21 genes that yielded maximal classification accuracy within our training dataset...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
Avneesh Gupta, Jaclyn Furman, Kilak Kesha, Francisco Diaz, Carl J Schmidt
Classic "bread-and-butter" appearance of fibrinous pericarditis had been described in rheumatic disease and other immunologic diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus, post-myocardial infarct, uremia, tuberculosis, radiation effects, bacterial, and viral etiology. In most of the described cases, pericarditis occurs as a delayed complication. We present a case of a 21-year-old white woman who was seen in the emergency department to rule out pulmonary embolism for shortness of breath, chest pain, and lightheadedness...
October 2, 2018: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
Ronald F van Vollenhoven, Bevra H Hahn, George C Tsokos, Carrie L Wagner, Peter Lipsky, Zahi Touma, Victoria P Werth, Robert M Gordon, Bei Zhou, Benjamin Hsu, Marc Chevrier, Manon Triebel, Jarrat L Jordan, Shawn Rose
BACKGROUND: Ustekinumab is a monoclonal antibody targeting interleukin (IL)-12 and IL-23 and is approved for the treatment of plaque psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, and Crohn's disease. IL-12 and IL-23 have been implicated in systemic lupus erythematosus. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of ustekinumab for the treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus in patients with moderate-to-severe disease activity despite conventional treatment. METHODS: This was a multicentre, double-blind, phase 2, randomised, controlled trial of adult patients with active, seropositive systemic lupus erythematosus, done at 44 private practices and academic centres in Argentina, Australia, Germany, Hungary, Mexico, Poland, Spain, Taiwan, and the USA...
October 13, 2018: Lancet
Minxi Lao, Dongying Chen, Xiangni Wu, Haihong Chen, Qian Qiu, Xiuyan Yang, Zhongping Zhan
To investigate the characteristics and associated factors for Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) infection in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) from Southern China. A retrospective study of 1108 patients admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University from January 2007 to December 2017 was performed. Demographic and clinical characteristics, laboratory data, and radiographic manifestations were recorded. A total of 59 (5.3%) lupus patients with active TB were included. Pulmonary TB occurred in 41 (69...
September 23, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
Fatehi Elzein, Ahmed Elzein, Nazik Mohammed, Ramiz Alswailem
A 26-year-old woman was diagnosed with and treated for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in 2002. She was admitted 11 years later with nephrotic-range proteinuria and lupus nephritis and received two doses of rituximab after failing on steroids and mycophenolate mofetil. Four months later, she presented with fever and joint pain/swelling. Gram stains, joint aspirates, and blood culture all yielded negative results for bacteria. She was discharged after treatment for a possible flare of lupus, but two weeks later, she presented again with a cough and shortness of breath in addition to the flare symptoms...
2018: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
Ángel H Álvarez, Moisés Martínez Velázquez, Ernesto Prado Montes de Oca
Human β-defensin 1 (hBD-1) is a multifaceted antimicrobial peptide being a tumour suppressor and, depending on call of duty, capable of inducing self-nets and neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) to capture and/or kill bacteria, participates in inflammatory responses in chronic diseases including hBD-3 upregulation and also capable of up/downregulation in the presence of certain species of Lactobacillus sp. Thus, is regulated by host microbiota. Alleles, genotypes and/or altered gene expression of its coding gene, DEFB1, have been associated with several human diseases/conditions ranging from metabolic/chronic (e...
November 2018: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Samuel Cohen-Tanugi, Margart L Wright, R Kumar Kadiyala
Infectious tenosynovitis of the hand is a serious condition with a high risk of morbidity. Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a rare cause of tenosynovitis, especially in regions where tuberculosis is no longer endemic, and presents significant diagnostic challenges. We present the case of a 42-year-old woman with no known history of or exposure to tuberculosis and a medical history of systemic lupus erythematosus on chronic immunosuppressive therapy who presented with swelling and erythema in the fifth finger of the left hand of 1-month duration...
April 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Global research & reviews
Hendra Gunawan, Pati Aji Achdiat, Reti Hindritiani, Erika Dewi Essary, Lulu Dwiarti Ningtias, Elfrida Putri Siregar, Putri Reno Sori, Dia Febrina
Cutaneous tuberculosis (TB) has several clinical manifestations. The most common forms include cervical scrofuloderma and plaque type of lupus vulgaris (LV), otherwise the rare cases including inguinal scrofuloderma, ulcerative LV, and acute miliary TB. The highlight of this case series was to report various rare clinical manifestations of cutaneous TB.
July 2018: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
Giovanni Genovese, Gianluca Nazzaro, Antonella Coggi, Raffaele Gianotti, Stefano Ramoni, Marco Cusini
We report a case of secondary syphilis mimicking lupus vulgaris in an HIV-infected patient. A 21-year-old Brazilian man presented with a two-month history of asymptomatic cutaneous lesions accompanied by fever and fatigue. Dermatological evaluation revealed an erythematous, crusted, large plaque on the neck with the 'apple jelly' sign on diascopy and two smaller scaly elements on the trunk and left palm. Bacteriological examinations for bacteria and mycobacteria gave negative results. Histology revealed psoriasiform epidermal hyperplasia and dermal lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate...
August 31, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Abhijit Chougule, Debajyoti Chatterjee, Rakesh Yadav, Sunil Sethi, Dipankar De, Uma Nahar Saikia
Granulomatous rosacea (GR) and lupus miliaris disseminatus faciei (LMDF) are 2 forms of facial granulomatous diseases. Although they show some morphological overlap, they have distinct clinical presentation. This study was performed to demonstrate the clinical and histological features of GR and LMDF and to establish their relationship to tuberculous etiology by molecular technique. All the cases of GR (n = 20) and LMDF (n = 10) diagnosed on skin biopsy over the past 6 years were reviewed along with their clinical detail...
November 2018: American Journal of Dermatopathology
Heda Melinda Nataprawira, Gartika Sapartini, Ketut Indriani
Tuberculoma is one of the manifestations of tuberculosis infection in the central nervous system. Even though its prevalence is only 1%, the mortality rate is high. Clinical presentation in immunocompromised patients with tuberculoma maybe different, thus making the diagnosis difficult. We present the case of a 13-year-old girl who was admitted for routine intravenous administration of cyclophosphamide and steroid therapy for nephritis due to systemic lupus erythematosus. She experienced severe headache and focal seizure on the second day of hospitalization...
July 2018: Turkish Thoracic Journal
Fabian Leo, Christian Grohé, Michael Tronnier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 22, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
Pravesh Yadav, Taru Garg, Sarita Sanke, Ram Chander, Divyanshu Singh
38-year-old married woman presented with multiple spontaneous painful ulcers that had involved both forearms for the previous month, along with a single episode of generalized tonic-clonic seizures, with no residual palsy or paresis. She complained of photosensitivity and diffuse hair loss for the past 6 months. She also had had arthralgia for the previous 3 years, which had initially involved the small joints of the fingers (especially the proximal interphalangeal joints) and gradually progressed to involve the larger joints...
2018: Skinmed
Shiraz S Fidai, Nicole A Cipriani, Daniel T Ginat
Histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis is an uncommon autoimmune condition characterized by fever, leukopenia, and neck swelling. Diagnostic imaging, including ultrasound and CT, typically demonstrates conglomerates of enlarged cervical lymph nodes with hypervascular cortices and areas of necrosis. Ultimately, the diagnosis is confirmed with the histopathologic findings of paracortical coagulative necrosis with karyorrhectic debris, abundant histiocytes, and absence of neutrophils. Other potential etiologies, such as other causes of infectious lymphadenitis, tuberculosis, lymphoma, and systemic lupus erythematosus, must be excluded...
June 1, 2018: Head and Neck Pathology
Precious Macauley, Mark Rapp, Sarah Park, Olaoluwatomi Lamikanra, Pratibha Sharma, Michael Marcelin, Kavita Sharma
Tuberculosis is one of the top 10 causes of death worldwide according to the World Health Organization. Central nervous system involvement is usually the least common presentation of tuberculosis occurring in about 1% of all cases but yet can have very devastating outcomes. Lupus nephritis is one of the most common complications of systemic lupus erythematosus with up to two thirds of patients presenting with some degree of renal dysfunction. The mainstay of treatment is glucocorticoids; however, to sustain remission, steroid sparing agents such as cyclophosphamide, azathioprine and mycophenolate mofetil are used...
January 2018: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
Tomo Suzuki, Ryutaro Matsumura, Hiroshi Kitamura, Yugo Shibagaki
Class IV lupus nephritis (LN) often has a poorer prognosis than other classes. However, class IV LN has various phenotypes, including not only segmental and global types but also others. We present the case of a 29-year-old woman with class IV-G LN who had an early response to glucocorticoid monotherapy. In addition, multiple lung nodules such as miliary tuberculosis (TB) were detected on computed tomography. All cultures of sputum, gastric fluid, and bone marrow were negative. A kidney biopsy revealed diffuse endocapillary proliferative glomerulonephritis with marked subendothelial deposition...
January 2018: Case Reports in Nephrology and Dialysis
Pedro Torres-González, Juanita Romero-Díaz, Miguel Enrique Cervera-Hernández, Mario Ocampo-Torres, Luis Gerardo Chaires-Garza, Ernesto Alejandro Lastiri-González, Yemil Atisha-Fregoso, Miriam Bobadilla-Del-Valle, Alfredo Ponce-de-León, José Sifuentes-Osornio
To determine, among systemic lupus erythematosus patients, factors associated with active tuberculosis. We performed a case-control study, in a tertiary-care center in Mexico City. We defined cases as systemic lupus erythematosus patients with active tuberculosis and matched them 1:1 with systemic lupus erythematosus patients without tuberculosis (controls) by age, date of systemic lupus erythematosus diagnosis, and disease duration. We analyzed clinical variables, lupus disease activity (SLEDAI-2K), and accumulated damage (SLICC/ARC-DI)...
August 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
Kene Ebuka Maduemem, Comfort O Adedokun, Adela Vatca
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease of unknown aetiology, which can affect any organ system. Tuberculosis (TB) is a common infection in SLE because of immune dysregulation associated with the latter. We report a case of an adolescent female who presented with a year's history of polyarticular arthralgia and fever. Physical examination revealed a large left effusion that needed drainage. Investigations revealed a combined diagnosis of SLE and TB. Management comprised quadruple anti-TB therapy and SLE treatment...
2018: Case Reports in Pediatrics
M Krajewska-Wędzina, W Olech, M Kozińska, E Augustynowicz-Kopeć, M Weiner, K Szulowski
Poland has been an officially bovine tuberculosis (bTB) free country for the last seven years. The problem currently observed is the increasing number of new cases of bTB in wild species, kept in a farmed herd and free-living herd: European bison (Bison bonasus), wild boar (Sus scrofa), wolves (Canis lupus) and red deer (Cervus elaphus). This article presents the case of Mycobacterium caprae transmission to an American bison (Bison bison) herd kept on a private farm in Eastern Poland.
December 2017: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
Yingjie Lu, Hongmiao Wang, Hua Zheng, Xiao Li
Lupus vulgaris is a common form of cutaneous tuberculosis in China, mostly involving the head and neck region. Turkey ear is a clinically descriptive term, used for a massively enlarged earlobe with bluish-red or violaceous indurated plaques and nodules, which can be a sign of lupus vulgaris. A 47-year-old female presented with edema and reddish ulcerated lesions on both ears which was diagnosed as lupus vulgaris by conventional laboratory investigations and the patient showed good response to antituberculous therapy...
March 14, 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
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