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Aroon Hingorani

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908689/pcsk9-genetic-variants-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-a-mendelian-randomisation-study
#1
Amand F Schmidt, Daniel I Swerdlow, Michael V Holmes, Riyaz S Patel, Zammy Fairhurst-Hunter, Donald M Lyall, Fernando Pires Hartwig, Bernardo Lessa Horta, Elina Hyppönen, Christine Power, Max Moldovan, Erik van Iperen, G Kees Hovingh, Ilja Demuth, Kristina Norman, Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen, Juri Demuth, Lars Bertram, Tian Liu, Stefan Coassin, Johann Willeit, Stefan Kiechl, Karin Willeit, Dan Mason, John Wright, Richard Morris, Goya Wanamethee, Peter Whincup, Yoav Ben-Shlomo, Stela McLachlan, Jackie F Price, Mika Kivimaki, Catherine Welch, Adelaida Sanchez-Galvez, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Andrew Nicolaides, Andrie G Panayiotou, N Charlotte Onland-Moret, Yvonne T van der Schouw, Giuseppe Matullo, Giovanni Fiorito, Simonetta Guarrera, Carlotta Sacerdote, Nicholas J Wareham, Claudia Langenberg, Robert Scott, Jian'an Luan, Martin Bobak, Sofia Malyutina, Andrzej Pająk, Ruzena Kubinova, Abdonas Tamosiunas, Hynek Pikhart, Lise Lotte Nystrup Husemoen, Niels Grarup, Oluf Pedersen, Torben Hansen, Allan Linneberg, Kenneth Starup Simonsen, Jackie Cooper, Steve E Humphries, Murray Brilliant, Terrie Kitchner, Hakon Hakonarson, David S Carrell, Catherine A McCarty, H Lester Kirchner, Eric B Larson, David R Crosslin, Mariza de Andrade, Dan M Roden, Joshua C Denny, Cara Carty, Stephen Hancock, John Attia, Elizabeth Holliday, Martin O' Donnell, Salim Yusuf, Michael Chong, Guillaume Pare, Pim van der Harst, M Abdullah Said, Ruben N Eppinga, Niek Verweij, Harold Snieder, Tim Christen, Dennis O Mook-Kanamori, Stefan Gustafsson, Lars Lind, Erik Ingelsson, Raha Pazoki, Oscar Franco, Albert Hofman, Andre Uitterlinden, Abbas Dehghan, Alexander Teumer, Sebastian Baumeister, Marcus Dörr, Markus M Lerch, Uwe Völker, Henry Völzke, Joey Ward, Jill P Pell, Daniel J Smith, Tom Meade, Anke H Maitland-van der Zee, Ekaterina V Baranova, Robin Young, Ian Ford, Archie Campbell, Sandosh Padmanabhan, Michiel L Bots, Diederick E Grobbee, Philippe Froguel, Dorothée Thuillier, Beverley Balkau, Amélie Bonnefond, Bertrand Cariou, Melissa Smart, Yanchun Bao, Meena Kumari, Anubha Mahajan, Paul M Ridker, Daniel I Chasman, Alex P Reiner, Leslie A Lange, Marylyn D Ritchie, Folkert W Asselbergs, Juan-Pablo Casas, Brendan J Keating, David Preiss, Aroon D Hingorani, Naveed Sattar
BACKGROUND: Statin treatment and variants in the gene encoding HMG-CoA reductase are associated with reductions in both the concentration of LDL cholesterol and the risk of coronary heart disease, but also with modest hyperglycaemia, increased bodyweight, and modestly increased risk of type 2 diabetes, which in no way offsets their substantial benefits. We sought to investigate the associations of LDL cholesterol-lowering PCSK9 variants with type 2 diabetes and related biomarkers to gauge the likely effects of PCSK9 inhibitors on diabetes risk...
November 28, 2016: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898682/genetic-predisposition-to-an-impaired-metabolism-of-the-branched-chain-amino-acids-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-a-mendelian-randomisation-analysis
#2
Luca A Lotta, Robert A Scott, Stephen J Sharp, Stephen Burgess, Jian'an Luan, Therese Tillin, Amand F Schmidt, Fumiaki Imamura, Isobel D Stewart, John R B Perry, Luke Marney, Albert Koulman, Edward D Karoly, Nita G Forouhi, Rasmus J O Sjögren, Erik Näslund, Juleen R Zierath, Anna Krook, David B Savage, Julian L Griffin, Nishi Chaturvedi, Aroon D Hingorani, Kay-Tee Khaw, Inês Barroso, Mark I McCarthy, Stephen O'Rahilly, Nicholas J Wareham, Claudia Langenberg
BACKGROUND: Higher circulating levels of the branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs; i.e., isoleucine, leucine, and valine) are strongly associated with higher type 2 diabetes risk, but it is not known whether this association is causal. We undertook large-scale human genetic analyses to address this question. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Genome-wide studies of BCAA levels in 16,596 individuals revealed five genomic regions associated at genome-wide levels of significance (p < 5 × 10-8)...
November 2016: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755538/circulating-apolipoprotein-e-concentration-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-meta-analysis-of-results-from-three-studies
#3
Reecha Sofat, Jackie A Cooper, Meena Kumari, Juan P Casas, Jacqueline P Mitchell, Jayshree Acharya, Simon Thom, Alun D Hughes, Steve E Humphries, Aroon D Hingorani
BACKGROUND: The association of APOE genotype with circulating apolipoprotein E (ApoE) concentration and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk is well established. However, the relationship of circulating ApoE concentration and CVD has received little attention. METHODS AND FINDINGS: To address this, we measured circulating ApoE concentration in 9,587 individuals (with 1,413 CVD events) from three studies with incident CVD events: two population-based studies, the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA) and the men-only Northwick Park Heart Study II (NPHSII), and a nested sub-study of the Anglo-Scandinavian Cardiac Outcomes Trial (ASCOT)...
October 2016: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621833/low-eosinophil-and-low-lymphocyte-counts-and-the-incidence-of-12-cardiovascular-diseases-a-caliber-cohort-study
#4
Anoop Dinesh Shah, Spiros Denaxas, Owen Nicholas, Aroon D Hingorani, Harry Hemingway
BACKGROUND: Eosinophil and lymphocyte counts are commonly performed in clinical practice. Previous studies provide conflicting evidence of association with cardiovascular diseases. METHODS: We used linked primary care, hospitalisation, disease registry and mortality data in England (the CALIBER (CArdiovascular disease research using LInked Bespoke studies and Electronic health Records) programme). We included people aged 30 or older without cardiovascular disease at baseline, and used Cox models to estimate cause-specific HRs for the association of eosinophil or lymphocyte counts with the first occurrence of cardiovascular disease...
2016: Open Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618452/the-genetics-of-blood-pressure-regulation-and-its-target-organs-from-association-studies-in-342-415-individuals
#5
Georg B Ehret, Teresa Ferreira, Daniel I Chasman, Anne U Jackson, Ellen M Schmidt, Toby Johnson, Gudmar Thorleifsson, Jian'an Luan, Louise A Donnelly, Stavroula Kanoni, Ann-Kristin Petersen, Vasyl Pihur, Rona J Strawbridge, Dmitry Shungin, Maria F Hughes, Osorio Meirelles, Marika Kaakinen, Nabila Bouatia-Naji, Kati Kristiansson, Sonia Shah, Marcus E Kleber, Xiuqing Guo, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Cristiano Fava, Niclas Eriksson, Ilja M Nolte, Patrik K Magnusson, Elias L Salfati, Loukianos S Rallidis, Elizabeth Theusch, Andrew J P Smith, Lasse Folkersen, Kate Witkowska, Tune H Pers, Roby Joehanes, Stuart K Kim, Lazaros Lataniotis, Rick Jansen, Andrew D Johnson, Helen Warren, Young Jin Kim, Wei Zhao, Ying Wu, Bamidele O Tayo, Murielle Bochud, Devin Absher, Linda S Adair, Najaf Amin, Dan E Arking, Tomas Axelsson, Damiano Baldassarre, Beverley Balkau, Stefania Bandinelli, Michael R Barnes, Inês Barroso, Stephen Bevan, Joshua C Bis, Gyda Bjornsdottir, Michael Boehnke, Eric Boerwinkle, Lori L Bonnycastle, Dorret I Boomsma, Stefan R Bornstein, Morris J Brown, Michel Burnier, Claudia P Cabrera, John C Chambers, I-Shou Chang, Ching-Yu Cheng, Peter S Chines, Ren-Hua Chung, Francis S Collins, John M Connell, Angela Döring, Jean Dallongeville, John Danesh, Ulf de Faire, Graciela Delgado, Anna F Dominiczak, Alex S F Doney, Fotios Drenos, Sarah Edkins, John D Eicher, Roberto Elosua, Stefan Enroth, Jeanette Erdmann, Per Eriksson, Tonu Esko, Evangelos Evangelou, Alun Evans, Tove Fall, Martin Farrall, Janine F Felix, Jean Ferrières, Luigi Ferrucci, Myriam Fornage, Terrence Forrester, Nora Franceschini, Oscar H Franco, Anders Franco-Cereceda, Ross M Fraser, Santhi K Ganesh, He Gao, Karl Gertow, Francesco Gianfagna, Bruna Gigante, Franco Giulianini, Anuj Goel, Alison H Goodall, Mark O Goodarzi, Mathias Gorski, Jürgen Gräßler, Christopher J Groves, Vilmundur Gudnason, Ulf Gyllensten, Göran Hallmans, Anna-Liisa Hartikainen, Maija Hassinen, Aki S Havulinna, Caroline Hayward, Serge Hercberg, Karl-Heinz Herzig, Andrew A Hicks, Aroon D Hingorani, Joel N Hirschhorn, Albert Hofman, Jostein Holmen, Oddgeir Lingaas Holmen, Jouke-Jan Hottenga, Phil Howard, Chao A Hsiung, Steven C Hunt, M Arfan Ikram, Thomas Illig, Carlos Iribarren, Richard A Jensen, Mika Kähönen, Hyun Min Kang, Sekar Kathiresan, Brendan J Keating, Kay-Tee Khaw, Yun Kyoung Kim, Eric Kim, Mika Kivimaki, Norman Klopp, Genovefa Kolovou, Pirjo Komulainen, Jaspal S Kooner, Gulum Kosova, Ronald M Krauss, Diana Kuh, Zoltan Kutalik, Johanna Kuusisto, Kirsti Kvaløy, Timo A Lakka, Nanette R Lee, I-Te Lee, Wen-Jane Lee, Daniel Levy, Xiaohui Li, Kae-Woei Liang, Honghuang Lin, Li Lin, Jaana Lindström, Stéphane Lobbens, Satu Männistö, Gabriele Müller, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, François Mach, Hugh S Markus, Eirini Marouli, Mark I McCarthy, Colin A McKenzie, Pierre Meneton, Cristina Menni, Andres Metspalu, Vladan Mijatovic, Leena Moilanen, May E Montasser, Andrew D Morris, Alanna C Morrison, Antonella Mulas, Ramaiah Nagaraja, Narisu Narisu, Kjell Nikus, Christopher J O'Donnell, Paul F O'Reilly, Ken K Ong, Fred Paccaud, Cameron D Palmer, Afshin Parsa, Nancy L Pedersen, Brenda W Penninx, Markus Perola, Annette Peters, Neil Poulter, Peter P Pramstaller, Bruce M Psaty, Thomas Quertermous, Dabeeru C Rao, Asif Rasheed, N William Rayner, Frida Renström, Rainer Rettig, Kenneth M Rice, Robert Roberts, Lynda M Rose, Jacques Rossouw, Nilesh J Samani, Serena Sanna, Jouko Saramies, Heribert Schunkert, Sylvain Sebert, Wayne H-H Sheu, Young-Ah Shin, Xueling Sim, Johannes H Smit, Albert V Smith, Maria X Sosa, Tim D Spector, Alena Stančáková, Alice V Stanton, Kathleen E Stirrups, Heather M Stringham, Johan Sundstrom, Amy J Swift, Ann-Christine Syvänen, E-Shyong Tai, Toshiko Tanaka, Kirill V Tarasov, Alexander Teumer, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, Martin D Tobin, Elena Tremoli, Andre G Uitterlinden, Matti Uusitupa, Ahmad Vaez, Dhananjay Vaidya, Cornelia M van Duijn, Erik P A van Iperen, Ramachandran S Vasan, Germaine C Verwoert, Jarmo Virtamo, Veronique Vitart, Benjamin F Voight, Peter Vollenweider, Aline Wagner, Louise V Wain, Nicholas J Wareham, Hugh Watkins, Alan B Weder, Harm-Jan Westra, Rainford Wilks, Tom Wilsgaard, James F Wilson, Tien Y Wong, Tsun-Po Yang, Jie Yao, Loic Yengo, Weihua Zhang, Jing Hua Zhao, Xiaofeng Zhu, Pascal Bovet, Richard S Cooper, Karen L Mohlke, Danish Saleheen, Jong-Young Lee, Paul Elliott, Hinco J Gierman, Cristen J Willer, Lude Franke, G Kees Hovingh, Kent D Taylor, George Dedoussis, Peter Sever, Andrew Wong, Lars Lind, Themistocles L Assimes, Inger Njølstad, Peter E H Schwarz, Claudia Langenberg, Harold Snieder, Mark J Caulfield, Olle Melander, Markku Laakso, Juha Saltevo, Rainer Rauramaa, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Erik Ingelsson, Terho Lehtimäki, Kristian Hveem, Walter Palmas, Winfried März, Meena Kumari, Veikko Salomaa, Yii-Der I Chen, Jerome I Rotter, Philippe Froguel, Marjo-Riitta Jarvelin, Edward G Lakatta, Kari Kuulasmaa, Paul W Franks, Anders Hamsten, H-Erich Wichmann, Colin N A Palmer, Kari Stefansson, Paul M Ridker, Ruth J F Loos, Aravinda Chakravarti, Panos Deloukas, Andrew P Morris, Christopher Newton-Cheh, Patricia B Munroe
To dissect the genetic architecture of blood pressure and assess effects on target organ damage, we analyzed 128,272 SNPs from targeted and genome-wide arrays in 201,529 individuals of European ancestry, and genotypes from an additional 140,886 individuals were used for validation. We identified 66 blood pressure-associated loci, of which 17 were new; 15 harbored multiple distinct association signals. The 66 index SNPs were enriched for cis-regulatory elements, particularly in vascular endothelial cells, consistent with a primary role in blood pressure control through modulation of vascular tone across multiple tissues...
October 2016: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591082/haprap-a-haplotype-based-iterative-method-for-statistical-fine-mapping-using-gwas-summary-statistics
#6
Jie Zheng, Santiago Rodriguez, Charles Laurin, Denis Baird, Lea Trela-Larsen, Mesut A Erzurumluoglu, Yi Zheng, Jon White, Claudia Giambartolomei, Delilah Zabaneh, Richard Morris, Meena Kumari, Juan P Casas, Aroon D Hingorani, David M Evans, Tom R Gaunt, Ian N M Day
MOTIVATION: Fine mapping is a widely used approach for identifying the causal variant(s) at disease-associated loci. Standard methods (e.g. multiple regression) require individual level genotypes. Recent fine mapping methods using summary-level data require the pairwise correlation coefficients (r(2)) of the variants. However, haplotypes rather than pairwise r(2), are the true biological representation of linkage disequilibrium (LD) among multiple loci. In this paper, we present an empirical iterative method, HAPlotype Regional Association analysis Program (HAPRAP), that enables fine mapping using summary statistics and haplotype information from an individual-level reference panel...
September 1, 2016: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561768/cystatin-c-and-cardiovascular-disease-a-mendelian-randomization-study
#7
Sander W van der Laan, Tove Fall, Aicha Soumaré, Alexander Teumer, Sanaz Sedaghat, Jens Baumert, Delilah Zabaneh, Jessica van Setten, Ivana Isgum, Tessel E Galesloot, Johannes Arpegård, Philippe Amouyel, Stella Trompet, Melanie Waldenberger, Marcus Dörr, Patrik K Magnusson, Vilmantas Giedraitis, Anders Larsson, Andrew P Morris, Janine F Felix, Alanna C Morrison, Nora Franceschini, Joshua C Bis, Maryam Kavousi, Christopher O'Donnell, Fotios Drenos, Vinicius Tragante, Patricia B Munroe, Rainer Malik, Martin Dichgans, Bradford B Worrall, Jeanette Erdmann, Christopher P Nelson, Nilesh J Samani, Heribert Schunkert, Jonathan Marchini, Riyaz S Patel, Aroon D Hingorani, Lars Lind, Nancy L Pedersen, Jacqueline de Graaf, Lambertus A L M Kiemeney, Sebastian E Baumeister, Oscar H Franco, Albert Hofman, André G Uitterlinden, Wolfgang Koenig, Christa Meisinger, Annette Peters, Barbara Thorand, J Wouter Jukema, Bjørn Odvar Eriksen, Ingrid Toft, Tom Wilsgaard, N Charlotte Onland-Moret, Yvonne T van der Schouw, Stéphanie Debette, Meena Kumari, Per Svensson, Pim van der Harst, Mika Kivimaki, Brendan J Keating, Naveed Sattar, Abbas Dehghan, Alex P Reiner, Erik Ingelsson, Hester M den Ruijter, Paul I W de Bakker, Gerard Pasterkamp, Johan Ärnlöv, Michael V Holmes, Folkert W Asselbergs
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies show that high circulating cystatin C is associated with risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), independent of creatinine-based renal function measurements. It is unclear whether this relationship is causal, arises from residual confounding, and/or is a consequence of reverse causation. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to use Mendelian randomization to investigate whether cystatin C is causally related to CVD in the general population...
August 30, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556007/addressing-ethical-challenges-in-the-genetics-substudy-of-the-national-eye-survey-of-trinidad-and-tobago-gsnestt
#8
Allana N Roach, Tasanee Braithwaite, Christine Carrington, Elysse Marcellin, Subash Sharma, Aroon Hingorani, Juan P Casas, Michael A Hauser, R Rand Allingham, Samuel S Ramsewak, Rupert Bourne
BACKGROUND: The conduct of international collaborative genomics research raises distinct ethical challenges that require special consideration, especially if conducted in settings that are research-naïve or resource-limited. Although there is considerable literature on these issues, there is a dearth of literature chronicling approaches taken to address these issues in the field. Additionally no previous ethical guidelines have been developed to support similar research in Trinidad and Tobago...
June 2016: Applied & Translational Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487401/association-of-lipid-fractions-with-risks-for-coronary-artery-disease-and-diabetes
#9
Jon White, Daniel I Swerdlow, David Preiss, Zammy Fairhurst-Hunter, Brendan J Keating, Folkert W Asselbergs, Naveed Sattar, Steve E Humphries, Aroon D Hingorani, Michael V Holmes
IMPORTANCE: Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is causally related to coronary artery disease (CAD), but the relevance of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and triglycerides (TGs) is uncertain. Lowering of LDL-C levels by statin therapy modestly increases the risk of type 2 diabetes, but it is unknown whether this effect is specific to statins. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations of 3 routinely measured lipid fractions with CAD and diabetes through mendelian randomization (MR) using conventional MR and making use of newer approaches, such as multivariate MR and MR-Egger, that address the pleiotropy of genetic instruments where relevant...
September 1, 2016: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27365493/marginal-role-for-53-common-genetic-variants-in-cardiovascular-disease-prediction
#10
Richard W Morris, Jackie A Cooper, Tina Shah, Andrew Wong, Fotios Drenos, Jorgen Engmann, Stela McLachlan, Barbara Jefferis, Caroline Dale, Rebecca Hardy, Diana Kuh, Yoav Ben-Shlomo, S Goya Wannamethee, Peter H Whincup, Juan-Pablo Casas, Mika Kivimaki, Meena Kumari, Philippa J Talmud, Jacqueline F Price, Frank Dudbridge, Aroon D Hingorani, Steve E Humphries
OBJECTIVE: We investigated discrimination and calibration of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk scores when genotypic was added to phenotypic information. The potential of genetic information for those at intermediate risk by a phenotype-based risk score was assessed. METHODS: Data were from seven prospective studies including 11 851 individuals initially free of CVD or diabetes, with 1444 incident CVD events over 10 years' follow-up. We calculated a score from 53 CVD-related single nucleotide polymorphisms and an established CVD risk equation 'QRISK-2' comprising phenotypic measures...
October 15, 2016: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27355579/correction-the-influence-of-age-and-sex-on-genetic-associations-with-adult-body-size-and-shape-a-large-scale-genome-wide-interaction-study
#11
Thomas W Winkler, Anne E Justice, Mariaelisa Graff, Llilda Barata, Mary F Feitosa, Su Chu, Jacek Czajkowski, Tõnu Esko, Tove Fall, Tuomas O Kilpeläinen, Yingchang Lu, Reedik Mägi, Evelin Mihailov, Tune H Pers, Sina Rüeger, Alexander Teumer, Georg B Ehret, Teresa Ferreira, Nancy L Heard-Costa, Juha Karjalainen, Vasiliki Lagou, Anubha Mahajan, Michael D Neinast, Inga Prokopenko, Jeannette Simino, Tanya M Teslovich, Rick Jansen, Harm-Jan Westra, Charles C White, Devin Absher, Tarunveer S Ahluwalia, Shafqat Ahmad, Eva Albrecht, Alexessander Couto Alves, Jennifer L Bragg-Gresham, Anton J M de Craen, Joshua C Bis, Amélie Bonnefond, Gabrielle Boucher, Gemma Cadby, Yu-Ching Cheng, Charleston W K Chiang, Graciela Delgado, Ayse Demirkan, Nicole Dueker, Niina Eklund, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Joel Eriksson, Bjarke Feenstra, Krista Fischer, Francesca Frau, Tessel E Galesloot, Frank Geller, Anuj Goel, Mathias Gorski, Tanja B Grammer, Stefan Gustafsson, Saskia Haitjema, Jouke-Jan Hottenga, Jennifer E Huffman, Anne U Jackson, Kevin B Jacobs, Åsa Johansson, Marika Kaakinen, Marcus E Kleber, Jari Lahti, Irene Mateo Leach, Benjamin Lehne, Youfang Liu, Ken Sin Lo, Mattias Lorentzon, Jian'an Luan, Pamela A F Madden, Massimo Mangino, Barbara McKnight, Carolina Medina-Gomez, Keri L Monda, May E Montasser, Gabriele Müller, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Ilja M Nolte, Kalliope Panoutsopoulou, Laura Pascoe, Lavinia Paternoster, Nigel W Rayner, Frida Renström, Federica Rizzi, Lynda M Rose, Kathy A Ryan, Perttu Salo, Serena Sanna, Hubert Scharnagl, Jianxin Shi, Albert Vernon Smith, Lorraine Southam, Alena Stančáková, Valgerdur Steinthorsdottir, Rona J Strawbridge, Yun Ju Sung, Ioanna Tachmazidou, Toshiko Tanaka, Gudmar Thorleifsson, Stella Trompet, Natalia Pervjakova, Jonathan P Tyrer, Liesbeth Vandenput, Sander W van der Laan, Nathalie van der Velde, Jessica van Setten, Jana V van Vliet-Ostaptchouk, Niek Verweij, Efthymia Vlachopoulou, Lindsay L Waite, Sophie R Wang, Zhaoming Wang, Sarah H Wild, Christina Willenborg, James F Wilson, Andrew Wong, Jian Yang, Loïc Yengo, Laura M Yerges-Armstrong, Lei Yu, Weihua Zhang, Jing Hua Zhao, Ehm A Andersson, Stephan J L Bakker, Damiano Baldassarre, Karina Banasik, Matteo Barcella, Cristina Barlassina, Claire Bellis, Paola Benaglio, John Blangero, Matthias Blüher, Fabrice Bonnet, Lori L Bonnycastle, Heather A Boyd, Marcel Bruinenberg, Aron S Buchman, Harry Campbell, Yii-Der Ida Chen, Peter S Chines, Simone Claudi-Boehm, John Cole, Francis S Collins, Eco J C de Geus, Lisette C P G M de Groot, Maria Dimitriou, Jubao Duan, Stefan Enroth, Elodie Eury, Aliki-Eleni Farmaki, Nita G Forouhi, Nele Friedrich, Pablo V Gejman, Bruna Gigante, Nicola Glorioso, Alan S Go, Omri Gottesman, Jürgen Gräßler, Harald Grallert, Niels Grarup, Yu-Mei Gu, Linda Broer, Annelies C Ham, Torben Hansen, Tamara B Harris, Catharina A Hartman, Maija Hassinen, Nicholas Hastie, Andrew T Hattersley, Andrew C Heath, Anjali K Henders, Dena Hernandez, Hans Hillege, Oddgeir Holmen, Kees G Hovingh, Jennie Hui, Lise L Husemoen, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Pirro G Hysi, Thomas Illig, Philip L De Jager, Shapour Jalilzadeh, Torben Jørgensen, J Wouter Jukema, Markus Juonala, Stavroula Kanoni, Maria Karaleftheri, Kay Tee Khaw, Leena Kinnunen, Steven J Kittner, Wolfgang Koenig, Ivana Kolcic, Peter Kovacs, Nikolaj T Krarup, Wolfgang Kratzer, Janine Krüger, Diana Kuh, Meena Kumari, Theodosios Kyriakou, Claudia Langenberg, Lars Lannfelt, Chiara Lanzani, Vaneet Lotay, Lenore J Launer, Karin Leander, Jaana Lindström, Allan Linneberg, Yan-Ping Liu, Stéphane Lobbens, Robert Luben, Valeriya Lyssenko, Satu Männistö, Patrik K Magnusson, Wendy L McArdle, Cristina Menni, Sigrun Merger, Lili Milani, Grant W Montgomery, Andrew P Morris, Narisu Narisu, Mari Nelis, Ken K Ong, Aarno Palotie, Louis Pérusse, Irene Pichler, Maria G Pilia, Anneli Pouta, Myriam Rheinberger, Rasmus Ribel-Madsen, Marcus Richards, Kenneth M Rice, Treva K Rice, Carlo Rivolta, Veikko Salomaa, Alan R Sanders, Mark A Sarzynski, Salome Scholtens, Robert A Scott, William R Scott, Sylvain Sebert, Sebanti Sengupta, Bengt Sennblad, Thomas Seufferlein, Angela Silveira, P Eline Slagboom, Jan H Smit, Thomas H Sparsø, Kathleen Stirrups, Ronald P Stolk, Heather M Stringham, Morris A Swertz, Amy J Swift, Ann-Christine Syvänen, Sian-Tsung Tan, Barbara Thorand, Anke Tönjes, Angelo Tremblay, Emmanouil Tsafantakis, Peter J van der Most, Uwe Völker, Marie-Claude Vohl, Judith M Vonk, Melanie Waldenberger, Ryan W Walker, Roman Wennauer, Elisabeth Widén, Gonneke Willemsen, Tom Wilsgaard, Alan F Wright, M Carola Zillikens, Suzanne C van Dijk, Natasja M van Schoor, Folkert W Asselbergs, Paul I W de Bakker, Jacques S Beckmann, John Beilby, David A Bennett, Richard N Bergman, Sven Bergmann, Carsten A Böger, Bernhard O Boehm, Eric Boerwinkle, Dorret I Boomsma, Stefan R Bornstein, Erwin P Bottinger, Claude Bouchard, John C Chambers, Stephen J Chanock, Daniel I Chasman, Francesco Cucca, Daniele Cusi, George Dedoussis, Jeanette Erdmann, Johan G Eriksson, Denis A Evans, Ulf de Faire, Martin Farrall, Luigi Ferrucci, Ian Ford, Lude Franke, Paul W Franks, Philippe Froguel, Ron T Gansevoort, Christian Gieger, Henrik Grönberg, Vilmundur Gudnason, Ulf Gyllensten, Per Hall, Anders Hamsten, Pim van der Harst, Caroline Hayward, Markku Heliövaara, Christian Hengstenberg, Andrew A Hicks, Aroon Hingorani, Albert Hofman, Frank Hu, Heikki V Huikuri, Kristian Hveem, Alan L James, Joanne M Jordan, Antti Jula, Mika Kähönen, Eero Kajantie, Sekar Kathiresan, Lambertus A L M Kiemeney, Mika Kivimaki, Paul B Knekt, Heikki A Koistinen, Jaspal S Kooner, Seppo Koskinen, Johanna Kuusisto, Winfried Maerz, Nicholas G Martin, Markku Laakso, Timo A Lakka, Terho Lehtimäki, Guillaume Lettre, Douglas F Levinson, Lars Lind, Marja-Liisa Lokki, Pekka Mäntyselkä, Mads Melbye, Andres Metspalu, Braxton D Mitchell, Frans L Moll, Jeffrey C Murray, Arthur W Musk, Markku S Nieminen, Inger Njølstad, Claes Ohlsson, Albertine J Oldehinkel, Ben A Oostra, Lyle J Palmer, James S Pankow, Gerard Pasterkamp, Nancy L Pedersen, Oluf Pedersen, Brenda W Penninx, Markus Perola, Annette Peters, Ozren Polašek, Peter P Pramstaller, Bruce M Psaty, Lu Qi, Thomas Quertermous, Olli T Raitakari, Tuomo Rankinen, Rainer Rauramaa, Paul M Ridker, John D Rioux, Fernando Rivadeneira, Jerome I Rotter, Igor Rudan, Hester M den Ruijter, Juha Saltevo, Naveed Sattar, Heribert Schunkert, Peter E H Schwarz, Alan R Shuldiner, Juha Sinisalo, Harold Snieder, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Tim D Spector, Jan A Staessen, Bandinelli Stefania, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, Michael Stumvoll, Jean-Claude Tardif, Elena Tremoli, Jaakko Tuomilehto, André G Uitterlinden, Matti Uusitupa, André L M Verbeek, Sita H Vermeulen, Jorma S Viikari, Veronique Vitart, Henry Völzke, Peter Vollenweider, Gérard Waeber, Mark Walker, Henri Wallaschofski, Nicholas J Wareham, Hugh Watkins, Eleftheria Zeggini, Aravinda Chakravarti, Deborah J Clegg, L Adrienne Cupples, Penny Gordon-Larsen, Cashell E Jaquish, D C Rao, Goncalo R Abecasis, Themistocles L Assimes, Inês Barroso, Sonja I Berndt, Michael Boehnke, Panos Deloukas, Caroline S Fox, Leif C Groop, David J Hunter, Erik Ingelsson, Robert C Kaplan, Mark I McCarthy, Karen L Mohlke, Jeffrey R O'Connell, David Schlessinger, David P Strachan, Kari Stefansson, Cornelia M van Duijn, Joel N Hirschhorn, Cecilia M Lindgren, Iris M Heid, Kari E North, Ingrid B Borecki, Zoltán Kutalik, Ruth J F Loos
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1005378.].
June 2016: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27342221/selecting-instruments-for-mendelian-randomization-in-the-wake-of-genome-wide-association-studies
#12
Daniel I Swerdlow, Karoline B Kuchenbaecker, Sonia Shah, Reecha Sofat, Michael V Holmes, Jon White, Jennifer S Mindell, Mika Kivimaki, Eric J Brunner, John C Whittaker, Juan P Casas, Aroon D Hingorani
Mendelian randomization (MR) studies typically assess the pathogenic relevance of environmental exposures or disease biomarkers, using genetic variants that instrument these exposures. The approach is gaining popularity-our systematic review reveals a greater than 10-fold increase in MR studies published between 2004 and 2015. When the MR paradigm was first proposed, few biomarker- or exposure-related genetic variants were known, most having been identified by candidate gene studies. However, genome-wide association studies (GWAS) are now providing a rich source of potential instruments for MR analysis...
June 24, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27338949/mendelian-randomisation-study-of-the-influence-of-egfr-on-coronary-heart-disease
#13
Pimphen Charoen, Dorothea Nitsch, Jorgen Engmann, Tina Shah, Jonathan White, Delilah Zabaneh, Barbara Jefferis, Goya Wannamethee, Peter Whincup, Amy Mulick Cassidy, Tom Gaunt, Ian Day, Stela McLachlan, Jacqueline Price, Meena Kumari, Mika Kivimaki, Eric Brunner, Claudia Langenberg, Yoav Ben-Shlomo, Aroon Hingorani, John Whittaker, Juan Pablo Casas, Frank Dudbridge
Impaired kidney function, as measured by reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), has been associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) in observational studies, but it is unclear whether this association is causal or the result of confounding or reverse causation. In this study we applied Mendelian randomisation analysis using 17 genetic variants previously associated with eGFR to investigate the causal role of kidney function on CHD. We used 13,145 participants from the UCL-LSHTM-Edinburgh-Bristol (UCLEB) Consortium and 194,427 participants from the Coronary ARtery DIsease Genome-wide Replication and Meta-analysis plus Coronary Artery Disease (CARDIoGRAMplusC4D) consortium...
June 24, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27280446/replication-and-characterization-of-association-between-abo-snps-and-red-blood-cell-traits-by-meta-analysis-in-europeans
#14
Stela McLachlan, Claudia Giambartolomei, Jon White, Pimphen Charoen, Andrew Wong, Chris Finan, Jorgen Engmann, Tina Shah, Micha Hersch, Clara Podmore, Alana Cavadino, Barbara J Jefferis, Caroline E Dale, Elina Hypponen, Richard W Morris, Juan P Casas, Meena Kumari, Yoav Ben-Shlomo, Tom R Gaunt, Fotios Drenos, Claudia Langenberg, Diana Kuh, Mika Kivimaki, Rico Rueedi, Gerard Waeber, Aroon D Hingorani, Jacqueline F Price, Ann P Walker
Red blood cell (RBC) traits are routinely measured in clinical practice as important markers of health. Deviations from the physiological ranges are usually a sign of disease, although variation between healthy individuals also occurs, at least partly due to genetic factors. Recent large scale genetic studies identified loci associated with one or more of these traits; further characterization of known loci and identification of new loci is necessary to better understand their role in health and disease and to identify potential molecular mechanisms...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27045730/a-genetic-risk-score-is-associated-with-statin-induced-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-lowering
#15
Maarten Leusink, Anke H Maitland-van der Zee, Bo Ding, Fotios Drenos, Erik Pa van Iperen, Helen R Warren, Mark J Caulfield, L Adrienne Cupples, Mary Cushman, Aroon D Hingorani, Ron C Hoogeveen, G Kees Hovingh, Meena Kumari, Leslie A Lange, Patricia B Munroe, Fredrik Nyberg, Pamela J Schreiner, Suthesh Sivapalaratnam, Paul Iw de Bakker, Anthonius de Boer, Brendan J Keating, Folkert W Asselbergs, N Charlotte Onland-Moret
AIM: To find new genetic loci associated with statin response, and to investigate the association of a genetic risk score (GRS) with this outcome. PATIENTS & METHODS: In a discovery meta-analysis (five studies, 1991 individuals), we investigated the effects of approximately 50000 single nucleotide polymorphisms on statin response, following up associations with p < 1 × 10(-4) (three independent studies, 5314 individuals). We further assessed the effect of a GRS based on SNPs in ABCG2, LPA and APOE...
April 2016: Pharmacogenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26965542/metabolomic-profiling-of-statin-use-and-genetic-inhibition-of-hmg-coa-reductase
#16
MULTICENTER STUDY
Peter Würtz, Qin Wang, Pasi Soininen, Antti J Kangas, Ghazaleh Fatemifar, Tuulia Tynkkynen, Mika Tiainen, Markus Perola, Therese Tillin, Alun D Hughes, Pekka Mäntyselkä, Mika Kähönen, Terho Lehtimäki, Naveed Sattar, Aroon D Hingorani, Juan-Pablo Casas, Veikko Salomaa, Mika Kivimäki, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, George Davey Smith, Mauno Vanhala, Debbie A Lawlor, Olli T Raitakari, Nish Chaturvedi, Johannes Kettunen, Mika Ala-Korpela
BACKGROUND: Statins are first-line therapy for cardiovascular disease prevention, but their systemic effects across lipoprotein subclasses, fatty acids, and circulating metabolites remain incompletely characterized. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the molecular effects of statin therapy on multiple metabolic pathways. METHODS: Metabolic profiles based on serum nuclear magnetic resonance metabolomics were quantified at 2 time points in 4 population-based cohorts from the United Kingdom and Finland (N = 5,590; 2...
March 15, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26833246/new-loci-for-body-fat-percentage-reveal-link-between-adiposity-and-cardiometabolic-disease-risk
#17
Yingchang Lu, Felix R Day, Stefan Gustafsson, Martin L Buchkovich, Jianbo Na, Veronique Bataille, Diana L Cousminer, Zari Dastani, Alexander W Drong, Tõnu Esko, David M Evans, Mario Falchi, Mary F Feitosa, Teresa Ferreira, Åsa K Hedman, Robin Haring, Pirro G Hysi, Mark M Iles, Anne E Justice, Stavroula Kanoni, Vasiliki Lagou, Rui Li, Xin Li, Adam Locke, Chen Lu, Reedik Mägi, John R B Perry, Tune H Pers, Qibin Qi, Marianna Sanna, Ellen M Schmidt, William R Scott, Dmitry Shungin, Alexander Teumer, Anna A E Vinkhuyzen, Ryan W Walker, Harm-Jan Westra, Mingfeng Zhang, Weihua Zhang, Jing Hua Zhao, Zhihong Zhu, Uzma Afzal, Tarunveer Singh Ahluwalia, Stephan J L Bakker, Claire Bellis, Amélie Bonnefond, Katja Borodulin, Aron S Buchman, Tommy Cederholm, Audrey C Choh, Hyung Jin Choi, Joanne E Curran, Lisette C P G M de Groot, Philip L De Jager, Rosalie A M Dhonukshe-Rutten, Anke W Enneman, Elodie Eury, Daniel S Evans, Tom Forsen, Nele Friedrich, Frédéric Fumeron, Melissa E Garcia, Simone Gärtner, Bok-Ghee Han, Aki S Havulinna, Caroline Hayward, Dena Hernandez, Hans Hillege, Till Ittermann, Jack W Kent, Ivana Kolcic, Tiina Laatikainen, Jari Lahti, Irene Mateo Leach, Christine G Lee, Jong-Young Lee, Tian Liu, Youfang Liu, Stéphane Lobbens, Marie Loh, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Carolina Medina-Gomez, Karl Michaëlsson, Mike A Nalls, Carrie M Nielson, Laticia Oozageer, Laura Pascoe, Lavinia Paternoster, Ozren Polašek, Samuli Ripatti, Mark A Sarzynski, Chan Soo Shin, Nina Smolej Narančić, Dominik Spira, Priya Srikanth, Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen, Yun Ju Sung, Karin M A Swart, Leena Taittonen, Toshiko Tanaka, Emmi Tikkanen, Nathalie van der Velde, Natasja M van Schoor, Niek Verweij, Alan F Wright, Lei Yu, Joseph M Zmuda, Niina Eklund, Terrence Forrester, Niels Grarup, Anne U Jackson, Kati Kristiansson, Teemu Kuulasmaa, Johanna Kuusisto, Peter Lichtner, Jian'an Luan, Anubha Mahajan, Satu Männistö, Cameron D Palmer, Janina S Ried, Robert A Scott, Alena Stancáková, Peter J Wagner, Ayse Demirkan, Angela Döring, Vilmundur Gudnason, Douglas P Kiel, Brigitte Kühnel, Massimo Mangino, Barbara Mcknight, Cristina Menni, Jeffrey R O'Connell, Ben A Oostra, Alan R Shuldiner, Kijoung Song, Liesbeth Vandenput, Cornelia M van Duijn, Peter Vollenweider, Charles C White, Michael Boehnke, Yvonne Boettcher, Richard S Cooper, Nita G Forouhi, Christian Gieger, Harald Grallert, Aroon Hingorani, Torben Jørgensen, Pekka Jousilahti, Mika Kivimaki, Meena Kumari, Markku Laakso, Claudia Langenberg, Allan Linneberg, Amy Luke, Colin A Mckenzie, Aarno Palotie, Oluf Pedersen, Annette Peters, Konstantin Strauch, Bamidele O Tayo, Nicholas J Wareham, David A Bennett, Lars Bertram, John Blangero, Matthias Blüher, Claude Bouchard, Harry Campbell, Nam H Cho, Steven R Cummings, Stefan A Czerwinski, Ilja Demuth, Rahel Eckardt, Johan G Eriksson, Luigi Ferrucci, Oscar H Franco, Philippe Froguel, Ron T Gansevoort, Torben Hansen, Tamara B Harris, Nicholas Hastie, Markku Heliövaara, Albert Hofman, Joanne M Jordan, Antti Jula, Mika Kähönen, Eero Kajantie, Paul B Knekt, Seppo Koskinen, Peter Kovacs, Terho Lehtimäki, Lars Lind, Yongmei Liu, Eric S Orwoll, Clive Osmond, Markus Perola, Louis Pérusse, Olli T Raitakari, Tuomo Rankinen, D C Rao, Treva K Rice, Fernando Rivadeneira, Igor Rudan, Veikko Salomaa, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Michael Stumvoll, Anke Tönjes, Bradford Towne, Gregory J Tranah, Angelo Tremblay, André G Uitterlinden, Pim van der Harst, Erkki Vartiainen, Jorma S Viikari, Veronique Vitart, Marie-Claude Vohl, Henry Völzke, Mark Walker, Henri Wallaschofski, Sarah Wild, James F Wilson, Loïc Yengo, D Timothy Bishop, Ingrid B Borecki, John C Chambers, L Adrienne Cupples, Abbas Dehghan, Panos Deloukas, Ghazaleh Fatemifar, Caroline Fox, Terrence S Furey, Lude Franke, Jiali Han, David J Hunter, Juha Karjalainen, Fredrik Karpe, Robert C Kaplan, Jaspal S Kooner, Mark I McCarthy, Joanne M Murabito, Andrew P Morris, Julia A N Bishop, Kari E North, Claes Ohlsson, Ken K Ong, Inga Prokopenko, J Brent Richards, Eric E Schadt, Tim D Spector, Elisabeth Widén, Cristen J Willer, Jian Yang, Erik Ingelsson, Karen L Mohlke, Joel N Hirschhorn, John Andrew Pospisilik, M Carola Zillikens, Cecilia Lindgren, Tuomas Oskari Kilpeläinen, Ruth J F Loos
To increase our understanding of the genetic basis of adiposity and its links to cardiometabolic disease risk, we conducted a genome-wide association meta-analysis of body fat percentage (BF%) in up to 100,716 individuals. Twelve loci reached genome-wide significance (P<5 × 10(-8)), of which eight were previously associated with increased overall adiposity (BMI, BF%) and four (in or near COBLL1/GRB14, IGF2BP1, PLA2G6, CRTC1) were novel associations with BF%. Seven loci showed a larger effect on BF% than on BMI, suggestive of a primary association with adiposity, while five loci showed larger effects on BMI than on BF%, suggesting association with both fat and lean mass...
February 1, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26781229/plasma-urate-concentration-and-risk-of-coronary-heart-disease-a-mendelian-randomisation-analysis
#18
Jon White, Reecha Sofat, Gibran Hemani, Tina Shah, Jorgen Engmann, Caroline Dale, Sonia Shah, Felix A Kruger, Claudia Giambartolomei, Daniel I Swerdlow, Tom Palmer, Stela McLachlan, Claudia Langenberg, Delilah Zabaneh, Ruth Lovering, Alana Cavadino, Barbara Jefferis, Chris Finan, Andrew Wong, Antoinette Amuzu, Ken Ong, Tom R Gaunt, Helen Warren, Teri-Louise Davies, Fotios Drenos, Jackie Cooper, Shah Ebrahim, Debbie A Lawlor, Philippa J Talmud, Steve E Humphries, Christine Power, Elina Hypponen, Marcus Richards, Rebecca Hardy, Diana Kuh, Nicholas Wareham, Yoav Ben-Shlomo, Ian N Day, Peter Whincup, Richard Morris, Mark W J Strachan, Jacqueline Price, Meena Kumari, Mika Kivimaki, Vincent Plagnol, John C Whittaker, George Davey Smith, Frank Dudbridge, Juan P Casas, Michael V Holmes, Aroon D Hingorani
BACKGROUND: Increased circulating plasma urate concentration is associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease, but the extent of any causative effect of urate on risk of coronary heart disease is still unclear. In this study, we aimed to clarify any causal role of urate on coronary heart disease risk using Mendelian randomisation analysis. METHODS: We first did a fixed-effects meta-analysis of the observational association of plasma urate and risk of coronary heart disease...
April 2016: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26426971/the-influence-of-age-and-sex-on-genetic-associations-with-adult-body-size-and-shape-a-large-scale-genome-wide-interaction-study
#19
Thomas W Winkler, Anne E Justice, Mariaelisa Graff, Llilda Barata, Mary F Feitosa, Su Chu, Jacek Czajkowski, Tõnu Esko, Tove Fall, Tuomas O Kilpeläinen, Yingchang Lu, Reedik Mägi, Evelin Mihailov, Tune H Pers, Sina Rüeger, Alexander Teumer, Georg B Ehret, Teresa Ferreira, Nancy L Heard-Costa, Juha Karjalainen, Vasiliki Lagou, Anubha Mahajan, Michael D Neinast, Inga Prokopenko, Jeannette Simino, Tanya M Teslovich, Rick Jansen, Harm-Jan Westra, Charles C White, Devin Absher, Tarunveer S Ahluwalia, Shafqat Ahmad, Eva Albrecht, Alexessander Couto Alves, Jennifer L Bragg-Gresham, Anton J M de Craen, Joshua C Bis, Amélie Bonnefond, Gabrielle Boucher, Gemma Cadby, Yu-Ching Cheng, Charleston W K Chiang, Graciela Delgado, Ayse Demirkan, Nicole Dueker, Niina Eklund, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Joel Eriksson, Bjarke Feenstra, Krista Fischer, Francesca Frau, Tessel E Galesloot, Frank Geller, Anuj Goel, Mathias Gorski, Tanja B Grammer, Stefan Gustafsson, Saskia Haitjema, Jouke-Jan Hottenga, Jennifer E Huffman, Anne U Jackson, Kevin B Jacobs, Åsa Johansson, Marika Kaakinen, Marcus E Kleber, Jari Lahti, Irene Mateo Leach, Benjamin Lehne, Youfang Liu, Ken Sin Lo, Mattias Lorentzon, Jian'an Luan, Pamela A F Madden, Massimo Mangino, Barbara McKnight, Carolina Medina-Gomez, Keri L Monda, May E Montasser, Gabriele Müller, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Ilja M Nolte, Kalliope Panoutsopoulou, Laura Pascoe, Lavinia Paternoster, Nigel W Rayner, Frida Renström, Federica Rizzi, Lynda M Rose, Kathy A Ryan, Perttu Salo, Serena Sanna, Hubert Scharnagl, Jianxin Shi, Albert Vernon Smith, Lorraine Southam, Alena Stančáková, Valgerdur Steinthorsdottir, Rona J Strawbridge, Yun Ju Sung, Ioanna Tachmazidou, Toshiko Tanaka, Gudmar Thorleifsson, Stella Trompet, Natalia Pervjakova, Jonathan P Tyrer, Liesbeth Vandenput, Sander W van der Laan, Nathalie van der Velde, Jessica van Setten, Jana V van Vliet-Ostaptchouk, Niek Verweij, Efthymia Vlachopoulou, Lindsay L Waite, Sophie R Wang, Zhaoming Wang, Sarah H Wild, Christina Willenborg, James F Wilson, Andrew Wong, Jian Yang, Loïc Yengo, Laura M Yerges-Armstrong, Lei Yu, Weihua Zhang, Jing Hua Zhao, Ehm A Andersson, Stephan J L Bakker, Damiano Baldassarre, Karina Banasik, Matteo Barcella, Cristina Barlassina, Claire Bellis, Paola Benaglio, John Blangero, Matthias Blüher, Fabrice Bonnet, Lori L Bonnycastle, Heather A Boyd, Marcel Bruinenberg, Aron S Buchman, Harry Campbell, Yii-Der Ida Chen, Peter S Chines, Simone Claudi-Boehm, John Cole, Francis S Collins, Eco J C de Geus, Lisette C P G M de Groot, Maria Dimitriou, Jubao Duan, Stefan Enroth, Elodie Eury, Aliki-Eleni Farmaki, Nita G Forouhi, Nele Friedrich, Pablo V Gejman, Bruna Gigante, Nicola Glorioso, Alan S Go, Omri Gottesman, Jürgen Gräßler, Harald Grallert, Niels Grarup, Yu-Mei Gu, Linda Broer, Annelies C Ham, Torben Hansen, Tamara B Harris, Catharina A Hartman, Maija Hassinen, Nicholas Hastie, Andrew T Hattersley, Andrew C Heath, Anjali K Henders, Dena Hernandez, Hans Hillege, Oddgeir Holmen, Kees G Hovingh, Jennie Hui, Lise L Husemoen, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Pirro G Hysi, Thomas Illig, Philip L De Jager, Shapour Jalilzadeh, Torben Jørgensen, J Wouter Jukema, Markus Juonala, Stavroula Kanoni, Maria Karaleftheri, Kay Tee Khaw, Leena Kinnunen, Steven J Kittner, Wolfgang Koenig, Ivana Kolcic, Peter Kovacs, Nikolaj T Krarup, Wolfgang Kratzer, Janine Krüger, Diana Kuh, Meena Kumari, Theodosios Kyriakou, Claudia Langenberg, Lars Lannfelt, Chiara Lanzani, Vaneet Lotay, Lenore J Launer, Karin Leander, Jaana Lindström, Allan Linneberg, Yan-Ping Liu, Stéphane Lobbens, Robert Luben, Valeriya Lyssenko, Satu Männistö, Patrik K Magnusson, Wendy L McArdle, Cristina Menni, Sigrun Merger, Lili Milani, Grant W Montgomery, Andrew P Morris, Narisu Narisu, Mari Nelis, Ken K Ong, Aarno Palotie, Louis Pérusse, Irene Pichler, Maria G Pilia, Anneli Pouta, Myriam Rheinberger, Rasmus Ribel-Madsen, Marcus Richards, Kenneth M Rice, Treva K Rice, Carlo Rivolta, Veikko Salomaa, Alan R Sanders, Mark A Sarzynski, Salome Scholtens, Robert A Scott, William R Scott, Sylvain Sebert, Sebanti Sengupta, Bengt Sennblad, Thomas Seufferlein, Angela Silveira, P Eline Slagboom, Jan H Smit, Thomas H Sparsø, Kathleen Stirrups, Ronald P Stolk, Heather M Stringham, Morris A Swertz, Amy J Swift, Ann-Christine Syvänen, Sian-Tsung Tan, Barbara Thorand, Anke Tönjes, Angelo Tremblay, Emmanouil Tsafantakis, Peter J van der Most, Uwe Völker, Marie-Claude Vohl, Judith M Vonk, Melanie Waldenberger, Ryan W Walker, Roman Wennauer, Elisabeth Widén, Gonneke Willemsen, Tom Wilsgaard, Alan F Wright, M Carola Zillikens, Suzanne C van Dijk, Natasja M van Schoor, Folkert W Asselbergs, Paul I W de Bakker, Jacques S Beckmann, John Beilby, David A Bennett, Richard N Bergman, Sven Bergmann, Carsten A Böger, Bernhard O Boehm, Eric Boerwinkle, Dorret I Boomsma, Stefan R Bornstein, Erwin P Bottinger, Claude Bouchard, John C Chambers, Stephen J Chanock, Daniel I Chasman, Francesco Cucca, Daniele Cusi, George Dedoussis, Jeanette Erdmann, Johan G Eriksson, Denis A Evans, Ulf de Faire, Martin Farrall, Luigi Ferrucci, Ian Ford, Lude Franke, Paul W Franks, Philippe Froguel, Ron T Gansevoort, Christian Gieger, Henrik Grönberg, Vilmundur Gudnason, Ulf Gyllensten, Per Hall, Anders Hamsten, Pim van der Harst, Caroline Hayward, Markku Heliövaara, Christian Hengstenberg, Andrew A Hicks, Aroon Hingorani, Albert Hofman, Frank Hu, Heikki V Huikuri, Kristian Hveem, Alan L James, Joanne M Jordan, Antti Jula, Mika Kähönen, Eero Kajantie, Sekar Kathiresan, Lambertus A L M Kiemeney, Mika Kivimaki, Paul B Knekt, Heikki A Koistinen, Jaspal S Kooner, Seppo Koskinen, Johanna Kuusisto, Winfried Maerz, Nicholas G Martin, Markku Laakso, Timo A Lakka, Terho Lehtimäki, Guillaume Lettre, Douglas F Levinson, Lars Lind, Marja-Liisa Lokki, Pekka Mäntyselkä, Mads Melbye, Andres Metspalu, Braxton D Mitchell, Frans L Moll, Jeffrey C Murray, Arthur W Musk, Markku S Nieminen, Inger Njølstad, Claes Ohlsson, Albertine J Oldehinkel, Ben A Oostra, Lyle J Palmer, James S Pankow, Gerard Pasterkamp, Nancy L Pedersen, Oluf Pedersen, Brenda W Penninx, Markus Perola, Annette Peters, Ozren Polašek, Peter P Pramstaller, Bruce M Psaty, Lu Qi, Thomas Quertermous, Olli T Raitakari, Tuomo Rankinen, Rainer Rauramaa, Paul M Ridker, John D Rioux, Fernando Rivadeneira, Jerome I Rotter, Igor Rudan, Hester M den Ruijter, Juha Saltevo, Naveed Sattar, Heribert Schunkert, Peter E H Schwarz, Alan R Shuldiner, Juha Sinisalo, Harold Snieder, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Tim D Spector, Jan A Staessen, Bandinelli Stefania, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, Michael Stumvoll, Jean-Claude Tardif, Elena Tremoli, Jaakko Tuomilehto, André G Uitterlinden, Matti Uusitupa, André L M Verbeek, Sita H Vermeulen, Jorma S Viikari, Veronique Vitart, Henry Völzke, Peter Vollenweider, Gérard Waeber, Mark Walker, Henri Wallaschofski, Nicholas J Wareham, Hugh Watkins, Eleftheria Zeggini, Aravinda Chakravarti, Deborah J Clegg, L Adrienne Cupples, Penny Gordon-Larsen, Cashell E Jaquish, D C Rao, Goncalo R Abecasis, Themistocles L Assimes, Inês Barroso, Sonja I Berndt, Michael Boehnke, Panos Deloukas, Caroline S Fox, Leif C Groop, David J Hunter, Erik Ingelsson, Robert C Kaplan, Mark I McCarthy, Karen L Mohlke, Jeffrey R O'Connell, David Schlessinger, David P Strachan, Kari Stefansson, Cornelia M van Duijn, Joel N Hirschhorn, Cecilia M Lindgren, Iris M Heid, Kari E North, Ingrid B Borecki, Zoltán Kutalik, Ruth J F Loos
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified more than 100 genetic variants contributing to BMI, a measure of body size, or waist-to-hip ratio (adjusted for BMI, WHRadjBMI), a measure of body shape. Body size and shape change as people grow older and these changes differ substantially between men and women. To systematically screen for age- and/or sex-specific effects of genetic variants on BMI and WHRadjBMI, we performed meta-analyses of 114 studies (up to 320,485 individuals of European descent) with genome-wide chip and/or Metabochip data by the Genetic Investigation of Anthropometric Traits (GIANT) Consortium...
October 2015: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26276317/sex-specific-effects-of-adiponectin-on-carotid-intima-media-thickness-and-incident-cardiovascular-disease
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
Jonas Persson, Rona J Strawbridge, Olga McLeod, Karl Gertow, Angela Silveira, Damiano Baldassarre, Natalie Van Zuydam, Sonia Shah, Cristiano Fava, Stefan Gustafsson, Fabrizio Veglia, Bengt Sennblad, Malin Larsson, Maria Sabater-Lleal, Karin Leander, Bruna Gigante, Adam Tabak, Mika Kivimaki, Jussi Kauhanen, Rainer Rauramaa, Andries J Smit, Elmo Mannarino, Philippe Giral, Steve E Humphries, Elena Tremoli, Ulf de Faire, Lars Lind, Erik Ingelsson, Bo Hedblad, Olle Melander, Meena Kumari, Aroon Hingorani, Andrew D Morris, Colin N A Palmer, Pia Lundman, John Öhrvik, Stefan Söderberg, Anders Hamsten
BACKGROUND: Plasma adiponectin levels have previously been inversely associated with carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), a marker of subclinical atherosclerosis. In this study, we used a sex-stratified Mendelian randomization approach to investigate whether adiponectin has a causal protective influence on IMT. METHODS AND RESULTS: Baseline plasma adiponectin concentration was tested for association with baseline IMT, IMT progression over 30 months, and occurrence of cardiovascular events within 3 years in 3430 participants (women, n=1777; men, n=1653) with high cardiovascular risk but no prevalent disease...
August 14, 2015: Journal of the American Heart Association
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