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Paul Carter

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903880/real-time-genomic-characterization-of-advanced-pancreatic-cancer-to-enable-precision-medicine
#1
Andrew J Aguirre, Jonathan A Nowak, Nicholas D Camarda, Richard A Moffitt, Arezou A Ghazani, Mehlika Hazar-Rethinam, Srivatsan Raghavan, Jaegil Kim, Lauren K Brais, Dorisanne Ragon, Marisa W Welch, Emma Reilly, Devin McCabe, Lori Marini, Kristin Anderka, Karla Helvie, Nelly Oliver, Ana Babic, Annacarolina Da Silva, Brandon Nadres, Emily E Van Seventer, Heather A Shahzade, Joseph P St Pierre, Kelly P Burke, Thomas E Clancy, James M Cleary, Leona A Doyle, Kunal Jajoo, Nadine J McCleary, Jeffrey A Meyerhardt, Janet E Murphy, Kimmie Ng, Anuj K Patel, Kimberly Perez, Michael H Rosenthal, Douglas A Rubinson, Marvin Ryou, Geoffrey I Shapiro, Ewa Sicinska, Stuart G Silverman, Rebecca J Nagy, Richard B Lanman, Deborah Knoerzer, Dean J Welsch, Matthew B Yurgelun, Charles S Fuchs, Levi A Garraway, Gad Getz, Jason L Hornick, Bruce E Johnson, Matthew H Kulke, Robert J Mayer, Jeffrey W Miller, Paul B Shyn, David A Tuveson, Nikhil Wagle, Jen Jen Yeh, William C Hahn, Ryan B Corcoran, Scott L Carter, Brian M Wolpin
Clinically relevant subtypes exist for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), but molecular characterization is not yet standard in clinical care. We implemented a biopsy protocol to perform time-sensitive whole exome sequencing and RNA-sequencing for patients with advanced PDAC. Therapeutically relevant genomic alterations were identified in 48% (34/71) and pathogenic/likely pathogenic germline alterations in 18% (13/71) of patients. Overall, 30% (21/71) of enrolled patients experienced a change in clinical management as a result of genomic data...
June 14, 2018: Cancer Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900037/nanocomplex-based-tp53-gene-therapy-promotes-anti-tumor-immunity-through-tp53-and-sting-dependent-mechanisms
#2
Ellen C Moore, Lillian Sun, Paul E Clavijo, Jay Friedman, Joe B Harford, Anthony D Saleh, Carter Van Waes, Esther H Chang, Clint T Allen
Loss or mutation of TP53 has been linked to alterations in anti-tumor immunity as well as dysregulation of cell cycle and apoptosis. We explored immunologic effects and mechanisms following restoration of wild-type human TP53 cDNA in murine oral cancer cells using the therapeutic nanocomplex scL-53. We demonstrated scL-53 induces dose-dependent expression of TP53 and induction of apoptosis and immunogenic cell death. We further demonstrated both TP53-dependent and independent induction of tumor cell immunogenicity through the use of blocking mAbs, nanocomplex loaded with DNA plasmid with or without TP53 cDNA, empty nanocomplex and siRNA knockdown techniques...
2018: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892050/fine-mapping-of-prostate-cancer-susceptibility-loci-in-a-large-meta-analysis-identifies-candidate-causal-variants
#3
Tokhir Dadaev, Edward J Saunders, Paul J Newcombe, Ezequiel Anokian, Daniel A Leongamornlert, Mark N Brook, Clara Cieza-Borrella, Martina Mijuskovic, Sarah Wakerell, Ali Amin Al Olama, Fredrick R Schumacher, Sonja I Berndt, Sara Benlloch, Mahbubl Ahmed, Chee Goh, Xin Sheng, Zhuo Zhang, Kenneth Muir, Koveela Govindasami, Artitaya Lophatananon, Victoria L Stevens, Susan M Gapstur, Brian D Carter, Catherine M Tangen, Phyllis Goodman, Ian M Thompson, Jyotsna Batra, Suzanne Chambers, Leire Moya, Judith Clements, Lisa Horvath, Wayne Tilley, Gail Risbridger, Henrik Gronberg, Markus Aly, Tobias Nordström, Paul Pharoah, Nora Pashayan, Johanna Schleutker, Teuvo L J Tammela, Csilla Sipeky, Anssi Auvinen, Demetrius Albanes, Stephanie Weinstein, Alicja Wolk, Niclas Hakansson, Catharine West, Alison M Dunning, Neil Burnet, Lorelei Mucci, Edward Giovannucci, Gerald Andriole, Olivier Cussenot, Géraldine Cancel-Tassin, Stella Koutros, Laura E Beane Freeman, Karina Dalsgaard Sorensen, Torben Falck Orntoft, Michael Borre, Lovise Maehle, Eli Marie Grindedal, David E Neal, Jenny L Donovan, Freddie C Hamdy, Richard M Martin, Ruth C Travis, Tim J Key, Robert J Hamilton, Neil E Fleshner, Antonio Finelli, Sue Ann Ingles, Mariana C Stern, Barry Rosenstein, Sarah Kerns, Harry Ostrer, Yong-Jie Lu, Hong-Wei Zhang, Ninghan Feng, Xueying Mao, Xin Guo, Guomin Wang, Zan Sun, Graham G Giles, Melissa C Southey, Robert J MacInnis, Liesel M FitzGerald, Adam S Kibel, Bettina F Drake, Ana Vega, Antonio Gómez-Caamaño, Laura Fachal, Robert Szulkin, Martin Eklund, Manolis Kogevinas, Javier Llorca, Gemma Castaño-Vinyals, Kathryn L Penney, Meir Stampfer, Jong Y Park, Thomas A Sellers, Hui-Yi Lin, Janet L Stanford, Cezary Cybulski, Dominika Wokolorczyk, Jan Lubinski, Elaine A Ostrander, Milan S Geybels, Børge G Nordestgaard, Sune F Nielsen, Maren Weisher, Rasmus Bisbjerg, Martin Andreas Røder, Peter Iversen, Hermann Brenner, Katarina Cuk, Bernd Holleczek, Christiane Maier, Manuel Luedeke, Thomas Schnoeller, Jeri Kim, Christopher J Logothetis, Esther M John, Manuel R Teixeira, Paula Paulo, Marta Cardoso, Susan L Neuhausen, Linda Steele, Yuan Chun Ding, Kim De Ruyck, Gert De Meerleer, Piet Ost, Azad Razack, Jasmine Lim, Soo-Hwang Teo, Daniel W Lin, Lisa F Newcomb, Davor Lessel, Marija Gamulin, Tomislav Kulis, Radka Kaneva, Nawaid Usmani, Chavdar Slavov, Vanio Mitev, Matthew Parliament, Sandeep Singhal, Frank Claessens, Steven Joniau, Thomas Van den Broeck, Samantha Larkin, Paul A Townsend, Claire Aukim-Hastie, Manuela Gago-Dominguez, Jose Esteban Castelao, Maria Elena Martinez, Monique J Roobol, Guido Jenster, Ron H N van Schaik, Florence Menegaux, Thérèse Truong, Yves Akoli Koudou, Jianfeng Xu, Kay-Tee Khaw, Lisa Cannon-Albright, Hardev Pandha, Agnieszka Michael, Andrzej Kierzek, Stephen N Thibodeau, Shannon K McDonnell, Daniel J Schaid, Sara Lindstrom, Constance Turman, Jing Ma, David J Hunter, Elio Riboli, Afshan Siddiq, Federico Canzian, Laurence N Kolonel, Loic Le Marchand, Robert N Hoover, Mitchell J Machiela, Peter Kraft, Matthew Freedman, Fredrik Wiklund, Stephen Chanock, Brian E Henderson, Douglas F Easton, Christopher A Haiman, Rosalind A Eeles, David V Conti, Zsofia Kote-Jarai
Prostate cancer is a polygenic disease with a large heritable component. A number of common, low-penetrance prostate cancer risk loci have been identified through GWAS. Here we apply the Bayesian multivariate variable selection algorithm JAM to fine-map 84 prostate cancer susceptibility loci, using summary data from a large European ancestry meta-analysis. We observe evidence for multiple independent signals at 12 regions and 99 risk signals overall. Only 15 original GWAS tag SNPs remain among the catalogue of candidate variants identified; the remainder are replaced by more likely candidates...
June 11, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892016/association-analyses-of-more-than-140-000-men-identify-63-new-prostate-cancer-susceptibility-loci
#4
Fredrick R Schumacher, Ali Amin Al Olama, Sonja I Berndt, Sara Benlloch, Mahbubl Ahmed, Edward J Saunders, Tokhir Dadaev, Daniel Leongamornlert, Ezequiel Anokian, Clara Cieza-Borrella, Chee Goh, Mark N Brook, Xin Sheng, Laura Fachal, Joe Dennis, Jonathan Tyrer, Kenneth Muir, Artitaya Lophatananon, Victoria L Stevens, Susan M Gapstur, Brian D Carter, Catherine M Tangen, Phyllis J Goodman, Ian M Thompson, Jyotsna Batra, Suzanne Chambers, Leire Moya, Judith Clements, Lisa Horvath, Wayne Tilley, Gail P Risbridger, Henrik Gronberg, Markus Aly, Tobias Nordström, Paul Pharoah, Nora Pashayan, Johanna Schleutker, Teuvo L J Tammela, Csilla Sipeky, Anssi Auvinen, Demetrius Albanes, Stephanie Weinstein, Alicja Wolk, Niclas Håkansson, Catharine M L West, Alison M Dunning, Neil Burnet, Lorelei A Mucci, Edward Giovannucci, Gerald L Andriole, Olivier Cussenot, Géraldine Cancel-Tassin, Stella Koutros, Laura E Beane Freeman, Karina Dalsgaard Sorensen, Torben Falck Orntoft, Michael Borre, Lovise Maehle, Eli Marie Grindedal, David E Neal, Jenny L Donovan, Freddie C Hamdy, Richard M Martin, Ruth C Travis, Tim J Key, Robert J Hamilton, Neil E Fleshner, Antonio Finelli, Sue Ann Ingles, Mariana C Stern, Barry S Rosenstein, Sarah L Kerns, Harry Ostrer, Yong-Jie Lu, Hong-Wei Zhang, Ninghan Feng, Xueying Mao, Xin Guo, Guomin Wang, Zan Sun, Graham G Giles, Melissa C Southey, Robert J MacInnis, Liesel M FitzGerald, Adam S Kibel, Bettina F Drake, Ana Vega, Antonio Gómez-Caamaño, Robert Szulkin, Martin Eklund, Manolis Kogevinas, Javier Llorca, Gemma Castaño-Vinyals, Kathryn L Penney, Meir Stampfer, Jong Y Park, Thomas A Sellers, Hui-Yi Lin, Janet L Stanford, Cezary Cybulski, Dominika Wokolorczyk, Jan Lubinski, Elaine A Ostrander, Milan S Geybels, Børge G Nordestgaard, Sune F Nielsen, Maren Weischer, Rasmus Bisbjerg, Martin Andreas Røder, Peter Iversen, Hermann Brenner, Katarina Cuk, Bernd Holleczek, Christiane Maier, Manuel Luedeke, Thomas Schnoeller, Jeri Kim, Christopher J Logothetis, Esther M John, Manuel R Teixeira, Paula Paulo, Marta Cardoso, Susan L Neuhausen, Linda Steele, Yuan Chun Ding, Kim De Ruyck, Gert De Meerleer, Piet Ost, Azad Razack, Jasmine Lim, Soo-Hwang Teo, Daniel W Lin, Lisa F Newcomb, Davor Lessel, Marija Gamulin, Tomislav Kulis, Radka Kaneva, Nawaid Usmani, Sandeep Singhal, Chavdar Slavov, Vanio Mitev, Matthew Parliament, Frank Claessens, Steven Joniau, Thomas Van den Broeck, Samantha Larkin, Paul A Townsend, Claire Aukim-Hastie, Manuela Gago Dominguez, Jose Esteban Castelao, Maria Elena Martinez, Monique J Roobol, Guido Jenster, Ron H N van Schaik, Florence Menegaux, Thérèse Truong, Yves Akoli Koudou, Jianfeng Xu, Kay-Tee Khaw, Lisa Cannon-Albright, Hardev Pandha, Agnieszka Michael, Stephen N Thibodeau, Shannon K McDonnell, Daniel J Schaid, Sara Lindstrom, Constance Turman, Jing Ma, David J Hunter, Elio Riboli, Afshan Siddiq, Federico Canzian, Laurence N Kolonel, Loic Le Marchand, Robert N Hoover, Mitchell J Machiela, Zuxi Cui, Peter Kraft, Christopher I Amos, David V Conti, Douglas F Easton, Fredrik Wiklund, Stephen J Chanock, Brian E Henderson, Zsofia Kote-Jarai, Christopher A Haiman, Rosalind A Eeles
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and fine-mapping efforts to date have identified more than 100 prostate cancer (PrCa)-susceptibility loci. We meta-analyzed genotype data from a custom high-density array of 46,939 PrCa cases and 27,910 controls of European ancestry with previously genotyped data of 32,255 PrCa cases and 33,202 controls of European ancestry. Our analysis identified 62 novel loci associated (P < 5.0 × 10-8 ) with PrCa and one locus significantly associated with early-onset PrCa (≤55 years)...
June 11, 2018: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891181/building-capacity-for-a-global-genome-editing-observatory-institutional-design
#5
Krishanu Saha, J Benjamin Hurlbut, Sheila Jasanoff, Aziza Ahmed, Anthony Appiah, Elizabeth Bartholet, Françoise Baylis, Gaymon Bennett, George Church, I Glenn Cohen, George Daley, Kevin Finneran, William Hurlbut, Rudolf Jaenisch, Laurence Lwoff, John Paul Kimes, Peter Mills, Jacob Moses, Buhm Soon Park, Erik Parens, Rachel Salzman, Abha Saxena, Hilton Simmet, Tania Simoncelli, O Carter Snead, Kaushik Sunder Rajan, Robert D Truog, Patricia Williams, Christiane Woopen
A new infrastructure is urgently needed at the global level to facilitate exchange on key issues concerning genome editing. We advocate the establishment of a global observatory to serve as a center for international, interdisciplinary, and cosmopolitan reflection. This article is the second of a two-part series.
June 8, 2018: Trends in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884657/cluster-randomized-trial-to-evaluate-a-centralized-clinical-pharmacy-service-in-private-family-medicine-offices
#6
Barry L Carter, Barcey Levy, Brian Gryzlak, Yinghui Xu, Elizabeth Chrischilles, Jeffrey Dawson, Mark Vander Weg, Alan Christensen, Paul James, Linnea Polgreen
BACKGROUND: The use of clinical pharmacists in primary care has improved the control of several chronic cardiovascular conditions. However, many private physician practices lack the resources to implement team-based care with pharmacists. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether a centralized, remote, clinical pharmacy service could improve guideline adherence and secondary measures of cardiovascular risk in primary care offices in rural and small communities. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study was a prospective trial in 12 family medicine offices cluster randomized to either the intervention or usual care...
June 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29871776/building-capacity-for-a-global-genome-editing-observatory-conceptual-challenges
#7
J Benjamin Hurlbut, Sheila Jasanoff, Krishanu Saha, Aziza Ahmed, Anthony Appiah, Elizabeth Bartholet, Françoise Baylis, Gaymon Bennett, George Church, I Glenn Cohen, George Daley, Kevin Finneran, William Hurlbut, Rudolf Jaenisch, Laurence Lwoff, John Paul Kimes, Peter Mills, Jacob Moses, Buhm Soon Park, Erik Parens, Rachel Salzman, Abha Saxena, Hilton Simmet, Tania Simoncelli, O Carter Snead, Kaushik Sunder Rajan, Robert D Truog, Patricia Williams, Christiane Woopen
A new infrastructure is urgently needed at the global level to facilitate exchange on key issues concerning genome editing. We advocate the establishment of a global observatory to serve as a center for international, interdisciplinary, and cosmopolitan reflection. This article is the first of a two-part series.
June 2, 2018: Trends in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868924/the-scleroderma-patient-centered-intervention-network-cohort-baseline-clinical-features-and-comparison-with-other-large-scleroderma-cohorts
#8
Dane H Dougherty, Linda Kwakkenbos, Marie-Eve Carrier, Gloria Salazar, Shervin Assassi, Murray Baron, Susan J Bartlett, Daniel E Furst, Karen Gottesman, Frank van den Hoogen, Vanessa L Malcarne, Luc Mouthon, Warren R Nielson, Serge Poiraudeau, Maureen Sauvé, Gilles Boire, Alessandra Bruns, Lorinda Chung, Christopher Denton, James V Dunne, Paul Fortin, Tracy Frech, Anna Gill, Jessica Gordon, Ariane L Herrick, Monique Hinchcliff, Marie Hudson, Sindhu R Johnson, Niall Jones, Suzanne Kafaja, Maggie Larché, Joanne Manning, Janet Pope, Robert Spiera, Virginia Steen, Evelyn Sutton, Carter Thorne, Pearce Wilcox, Brett D Thombs, Maureen D Mayes
Objectives: The Scleroderma Patient-centered Intervention Network (SPIN) Cohort is a web-based cohort designed to collect patient-reported outcomes at regular intervals as a framework for conducting trials of psychosocial, educational, self-management and rehabilitation interventions for patients with SSc. The aim of this study was to present baseline demographic, medical and patient-reported outcome data of the SPIN Cohort and to compare it with other large SSc cohorts. Methods: Descriptive statistics were used to summarize SPIN Cohort characteristics; these were compared with published data of the European Scleroderma Trials and Research (EUSTAR) and Canadian Scleroderma Research Group (CSRG) cohorts...
June 2, 2018: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29847132/microcystins-containing-doubly-homologated-tyrosine-residues-from-a-microcystis-aeruginosa-bloom-structures-and-cytotoxicity
#9
Haiyin He, ShiBiao Wu, Paul G Wahome, Matthew J Bertin, Anna C Pedone, Kevin R Beauchesne, Peter D R Moeller, Guy T Carter
Four new microcystin congeners are described including the first three examples of microcystins containing the rare doubly homologated tyrosine residue 2-amino-5-(4-hydroxyphenyl)pentanoic acid (Ahppa) (1-4). Large-scale harvesting and biomass processing allowed the isolation of substantial quantities of these compounds, thus enabling complete structure determination by NMR as well as cytotoxicity evaluation against selected cancer cell lines. The new Ahppa-toxins all incorporate Ahppa residues at the 2-position, and one of these also has a second Ahppa at position 4...
May 30, 2018: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29803226/cytokine-alterations-in-first-episode-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder-relationships-to-brain-structure-and-symptoms
#10
Tyler A Lesh, Milo Careaga, Destanie R Rose, A Kimberley McAllister, Judy Van de Water, Cameron S Carter, Paul Ashwood
BACKGROUND: Over the past 30 years, evidence has been accumulating for an immunological component to schizophrenia etiology, including genetic links to the major histocompatibility complex, microglia activation, and dysregulated cytokine profiles. However, the degree of similarity in cytokine profiles for schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, as well as the relationship between cytokine levels and brain structure, is less well understood. METHODS: To address this, we recruited 69 first-episode schizophrenia-spectrum patients, 16 first-episode bipolar patients with psychotic features, and 53 healthy controls, from the UC Davis EDAPT clinic...
May 26, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788345/the-sierra-leone-trial-to-introduce-a-vaccine-against-ebola-an-evaluation-of-rvsv%C3%A2-g-zebov-gp-vaccine-tolerability-and-safety-during-the-west-africa-ebola-outbreak
#11
Mohamed Samai, Jane F Seward, Susan T Goldstein, Barbara E Mahon, Durodami Radcliffe Lisk, Marc-Alain Widdowson, Mohamed I Jalloh, Stephanie J Schrag, Ayesha Idriss, Rosalind J Carter, Peter Dawson, S A S Kargbo, Bailah Leigh, Mohamed Bawoh, Jennifer Legardy-Williams, Gibrilla Deen, Wendy Carr, Amy Callis, Robert Lindblad, James B W Russell, Carey R Petrie, Augustin E Fombah, Brima Kargbo, Wendi McDonald, Olamide D Jarrett, Robert E Walker, Paul Gargiullo, Donald Bash-Taqi, Laura Gibson, Abu Bakarr Fofanah, Anne Schuchat
ClinicalTrials.gov [NCT02378753] and Pan African Clinical Trials Registry [PACTR201502001037220].
May 18, 2018: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749915/continuous-infusion-of-low-dose-unfractionated-heparin-after-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-a-preliminary-study-of-cognitive-outcomes
#12
Robert F James, Nicolas K Khattar, Zaid S Aljuboori, Paul S Page, Elaine Y Shao, Lacey M Carter, Kimberly S Meyer, Michael W Daniels, John Craycroft, John R Gaughen, M Imran Chaudry, Shesh N Rai, D Erik Everhart, J Marc Simard
OBJECTIVE Cognitive dysfunction occurs in up to 70% of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) survivors. Low-dose intravenous heparin (LDIVH) infusion using the Maryland protocol was recently shown to reduce clinical vasospasm and vasospasm-related infarction. In this study, the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) was used to evaluate cognitive changes in aSAH patients treated with the Maryland LDIVH protocol compared with controls. METHODS A retrospective analysis of all patients treated for aSAH between July 2009 and April 2014 was conducted...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717691/probability-of-major-depression-diagnostic-classification-using-semi-structured-versus-fully-structured-diagnostic-interviews
#13
Brooke Levis, Andrea Benedetti, Kira E Riehm, Nazanin Saadat, Alexander W Levis, Marleine Azar, Danielle B Rice, Matthew J Chiovitti, Tatiana A Sanchez, Pim Cuijpers, Simon Gilbody, John P A Ioannidis, Lorie A Kloda, Dean McMillan, Scott B Patten, Ian Shrier, Russell J Steele, Roy C Ziegelstein, Dickens H Akena, Bruce Arroll, Liat Ayalon, Hamid R Baradaran, Murray Baron, Anna Beraldi, Charles H Bombardier, Peter Butterworth, Gregory Carter, Marcos H Chagas, Juliana C N Chan, Rushina Cholera, Neerja Chowdhary, Kerrie Clover, Yeates Conwell, Janneke M de Man-van Ginkel, Jaime Delgadillo, Jesse R Fann, Felix H Fischer, Benjamin Fischler, Daniel Fung, Bizu Gelaye, Felicity Goodyear-Smith, Catherine G Greeno, Brian J Hall, John Hambridge, Patricia A Harrison, Ulrich Hegerl, Leanne Hides, Stevan E Hobfoll, Marie Hudson, Thomas Hyphantis, Masatoshi Inagaki, Khalida Ismail, Nathalie Jetté, Mohammad E Khamseh, Kim M Kiely, Femke Lamers, Shen-Ing Liu, Manote Lotrakul, Sonia R Loureiro, Bernd Löwe, Laura Marsh, Anthony McGuire, Sherina Mohd Sidik, Tiago N Munhoz, Kumiko Muramatsu, Flávia L Osório, Vikram Patel, Brian W Pence, Philippe Persoons, Angelo Picardi, Alasdair G Rooney, Iná S Santos, Juwita Shaaban, Abbey Sidebottom, Adam Simning, Lesley Stafford, Sharon Sung, Pei Lin Lynnette Tan, Alyna Turner, Christina M van der Feltz-Cornelis, Henk C van Weert, Paul A Vöhringer, Jennifer White, Mary A Whooley, Kirsty Winkley, Mitsuhiko Yamada, Yuying Zhang, Brett D Thombs
BACKGROUND: Different diagnostic interviews are used as reference standards for major depression classification in research. Semi-structured interviews involve clinical judgement, whereas fully structured interviews are completely scripted. The Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI), a brief fully structured interview, is also sometimes used. It is not known whether interview method is associated with probability of major depression classification.AimsTo evaluate the association between interview method and odds of major depression classification, controlling for depressive symptom scores and participant characteristics...
June 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702307/social-cognitive-risk-factors-for-violence-in-psychosis-a-discriminant-function-analysis
#14
Steven de Jong, Rozanne van Donkersgoed, Selwyn Renard, Sarah Carter, Hein Bokern, Paul Lysaker, Mark van der Gaag, André Aleman, Gerdina Hendrika Maria Pijnenborg
It has been proposed that mixed findings in studies investigating social cognition as a risk factor for violence in psychosis may be explained by utilizing a framework distinguishing between social-cognitive tests which measure relatively more basic operations (e.g. facial affect recognition) and measures of more complex operations (mentalizing, metacognition). The current study investigated which social cognitive and metacognitive processes are related to a violent history over and above illness-related deficits...
April 14, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689124/increasing-incidence-of-type-2-diabetes-in-new-zealand-children-15-years-of-age-in-a-regional-based-diabetes-service-auckland-new-zealand
#15
Natalia Sjardin, Peter Reed, Ben Albert, Fran Mouat, Phillipa J Carter, Paul Hofman, Wayne Cutfield, Alistair Gunn, Craig Jefferies
AIM: It is important to understand whether type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is increasing in childhood for health-care planning and clinical management. The aim of this study is to examine the incidence of T2DM in New Zealand children, aged <15 years from a paediatric diabetes centre, Auckland, New Zealand. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data from a population-based referral cohort from 1995 to 2015. RESULTS: Hundred and four children presented with T2DM over the 21-year period...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676732/donated-chemical-probes-for-open-science
#16
Susanne Müller, Suzanne Ackloo, Cheryl H Arrowsmith, Marcus Bauser, Jeremy L Baryza, Julian Blagg, Jark Böttcher, Chas Bountra, Peter J Brown, Mark E Bunnage, Adrian J Carter, David Damerell, Volker Dötsch, David H Drewry, Aled M Edwards, James Edwards, Jon M Elkins, Christian Fischer, Stephen V Frye, Andreas Gollner, Charles E Grimshaw, Adriaan IJzerman, Thomas Hanke, Ingo V Hartung, Steve Hitchcock, Trevor Howe, Terry V Hughes, Stefan Laufer, Volkhart Mj Li, Spiros Liras, Brian D Marsden, Hisanori Matsui, John Mathias, Ronan C O'Hagan, Dafydd R Owen, Vineet Pande, Daniel Rauh, Saul H Rosenberg, Bryan L Roth, Natalie S Schneider, Cora Scholten, Kumar Singh Saikatendu, Anton Simeonov, Masayuki Takizawa, Chris Tse, Paul R Thompson, Daniel K Treiber, Amélia Yi Viana, Carrow I Wells, Timothy M Willson, William J Zuercher, Stefan Knapp, Anke Mueller-Fahrnow
Potent, selective and broadly characterized small molecule modulators of protein function (chemical probes) are powerful research reagents. The pharmaceutical industry has generated many high-quality chemical probes and several of these have been made available to academia. However, probe-associated data and control compounds, such as inactive structurally related molecules and their associated data, are generally not accessible. The lack of data and guidance makes it difficult for researchers to decide which chemical tools to choose...
April 20, 2018: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628187/reciprocal-circuits-linking-the-prefrontal-cortex-with-dorsal-and-ventral-thalamic-nuclei
#17
David P Collins, Paul G Anastasiades, Joseph J Marlin, Adam G Carter
Reciprocal interactions between the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and thalamus play a critical role in cognition, but the underlying circuits remain poorly understood. Here we use optogenetics to dissect the specificity and dynamics of cortico-thalamo-cortical networks in the mouse brain. We find that cortico-thalamic (CT) neurons in prelimbic PFC project to both mediodorsal (MD) and ventromedial (VM) thalamus, where layer 5 and 6 inputs activate thalamo-cortical (TC) neurons with distinct temporal profiles. We show that TC neurons in MD and VM in turn make distinct connections in PFC, with MD preferentially and strongly activating layer 2/3 cortico-cortical (CC) neurons...
April 18, 2018: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617058/multicenter-randomized-controlled-observer-blinded-study-of-a-nitric-oxide-generating-treatment-in-foot-ulcers-of-patients-with-diabetes-pronox1-study
#18
Michael E Edmonds, Harvey J Bodansky, Andrew Jm Boulton, Paul J Chadwick, Cuong N Dang, Ryan D'Costa, Atholl Johnston, Brian Kennon, Graham Leese, Satyan M Rajbhandari, Thomas E Serena, Matthew J Young, Joanne E Stewart, Arthur T Tucker, Marissa J Carter
The aim of this multi-center, prospective, observer-blinded, parallel group, randomized controlled trial was to assess the safety and efficacy of EDX110, a nitric oxide generating medical device, in the treatment of diabetic foot ulcers in a patient group reflecting "real world" clinical practice compared against optimal standard care. Participants were recruited from ten hospital sites in multidisciplinary foot ulcer clinics. The ulcers were full thickness, with an area of 25-2500mm2 and either a palpable pedal pulse or ankle brachial pressure index >0...
April 4, 2018: Wound Repair and Regeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613965/mr-imaging-of-cardiac-masses
#19
John P Lichtenberger, Adam R Dulberger, Paul E Gonzales, Juliana Bueno, Brett W Carter
Cardiac masses present a diagnostic challenge given their relative rarity and the overall difficulty imaging the heart. With the increasing frequency and quality of imaging in general, however, the incidental discovery of cardiac masses is increasing. Cardiac masses seldom produce symptoms, and they are more commonly found during imaging for noncardiac indications. While echocardiography is useful in the initial evaluation of a suspected mass, cardiac magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is the best imaging modality to characterize cardiac tumors due to its superior tissue characterization and its higher contrast resolution...
April 2018: Topics in Magnetic Resonance Imaging: TMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610713/ultrasound-for-volume-assessment-in-patients-with-shock-effectiveness-of-an-educational-intervention-for-fourth-year-medical-students
#20
Paul Kukulski, Michael Ward, Keme Carter
Objective Shock is a common emergency condition with high morbidity and mortality, and judicious fluid resuscitation can significantly affect outcomes. The use of a bedside echocardiogram and evaluation of the inferior vena cava (IVC) via ultrasound (US) for collapsibility can predict volume status. Additionally, the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) Entrustable Professional Activities (EPA) 10 states that residents need to be able to address a patient with a critical illness, including hypotension, on Day 1 of residency...
January 30, 2018: Curēus
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(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"