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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435628/evaluation-of-complete-functional-status-of-patients-with-stroke-by-functional-independence-measure-scale-on-admission-discharge-and-six-months-poststroke
#1
Seyed Mansoor Rayegani, Seyed Ahmad Raeissadat, Ebrahim Alikhani, Masume Bayat, Mohammad Hasan Bahrami, Afshin Karimzadeh
Background: To evaluate the patients with stroke by Functional Independence Measure (FIM) scale, at the times of admission to hospital, discharge, and six-month poststroke, and to determine the level of improvement in patients after rehabilitative procedures. Methods: A total number of 108 patients with stroke entered the study who were admitted to neurology ward. They all received rehabilitation consultation, and occupational and physical therapies were prescribed for them. Finally, their functional status was evaluated by FIM scale...
October 7, 2016: Iranian Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427970/structured-evaluation-of-glioma-patients-by-an-occupational-therapist-is-our-clinical-examination-enough
#2
Christian Franz Freyschlag, Johannes Kerschbaumer, Daniel Pinggera, Gabriele Bacher, Claudius Thomé
BACKGROUND: Preservation of neurological function is mandatory when offering a surgical intervention to patients with low-grade gliomas (LGG), given that the goal of any treatment is the patient's return to their normal everyday life. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a structured evaluation by an occupational therapist can reveal deficits that might be overseen in routine clinical examination of patients with a surgically treated LGG. METHODS: 20 patients with radiographically suspected LGG have been examined in a standardized fashion at three stages: pre-, postoperatively and three months thereafter...
April 17, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422624/occupational-therapy-s-role-in-cancer-survivorship-as-a-chronic-condition
#3
Mary Frances Baxter, Robin Newman, Sheila M Longpré, Katie M Polo
Improved medical care has resulted in a documented increase in cancer survivors in the United States. Cancer survivors face challenges in participation across all facets of life as a result of the cancer and subsequent cancer treatments. Long-term and late-term sequelae can result in impairments in neurological systems, decreased stamina, loss of range of motion, and changes in sensation and cognition. These impairments are often long lasting, which categorizes cancer survivorship as a chronic condition. This categorization presents treatment challenges, especially in creating rehabilitation and habilitation service options that support cancer survivors...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420942/temporomandibular-disorders-and-headache-a-retrospective-analysis-of-1198-patients
#4
Carlo Di Paolo, Anna D'Urso, Piero Papi, Francesco Di Sabato, Daniele Rosella, Giorgio Pompa, Antonella Polimeni
Aim. Headache is one of the most common diseases associated with Temporomandibular Disorders (TMDs). The aim of this study was to evaluate, retrospectively, if headache influences TMD's symptoms. Material and Methods. A total sample of 1198 consecutive TMD patients was selected. After a neurological examination, a diagnosis of headache, according to the latest edition of the International Classification of Headache Disorders, was performed in 625 subjects. Patients were divided into two groups based on presence/absence of headache: Group with Headache (GwH) and Group without Headache (GwoH)...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418689/an-official-american-thoracic-society-workshop-report-chemical-inhalational-disasters-biology-of-lung-injury-development-of-novel-therapeutics-and-medical-preparedness
#5
Eleanor M Summerhill, Gary W Hoyle, Sven-Eric Jordt, Bronwen J Jugg, James G Martin, Sadis Matalon, Steven E Patterson, David J Prezant, Alfred M Sciuto, Erik R Svendsen, Carl W White, Livia A Veress
This report is based upon the proceedings from the Inhalational Lung Injury Workshop jointly sponsored by the American Thoracic Society (ATS) and the National Institute of Health (NIH)/National Institute of Neurologic Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) Countermeasures Against Chemical Threats (CounterACT) program on May 21, 2013 in Philadelphia, PA. The CounterACT program facilitates research leading to the development of new and improved medical countermeasures for chemical threat agents. The workshop was initiated by the Terrorism and Inhalational Disasters (TID) Section of the Environmental, Occupational, and Population Health Assembly (EOPH) of the ATS...
April 18, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400149/different-sequelae-of-electrical-brain-injury-mri-patterns
#6
Lukas Grassner, Michael Bierschneider, Martin Strowitzki, Andreas Grillhösl
PURPOSE: Electrical injury to the central nervous system may lead to neurologic compromise via pleiotropic mechanisms. It may cause current-related, thermal or nonthermal damage followed by secondary mechanisms. METHODS: We herein report a case of a 20-year old man, who experienced a low-voltage electric injury due to an occupational accident. RESULTS: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) one week after the insult allowed differentiation of pathophysiologic features including thermal, nonthermal and hypoxic cerebral lesions...
April 8, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396936/-complex-regional-pain-syndrome
#7
F Brunner
The term complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) describes a variety of painful conditions, which typically occur distally on an extremity following an initiating event. Characteristically CRPS exceeds the expected clinical course in both magnitude and duration. Clinical manifestations of CRPS include sensory, vasomotor, sudomotor, motor and trophic disorders. The diagnosis of CRPS is purely clinical and based on the modified Budapest criteria. Essential differential diagnoses in the early phase include infections, neurological compression and inflammatory conditions...
April 10, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382808/weaning-of-neurological-early-rehabilitation-patients-from-mechanical-ventilation-a-retrospective-observational-study
#8
Jens D Rollnik, Joachim K Krauss, Christoph Gutenbrunner, Claus Wallesch, Thomas Münte, Martin Stangel
BACKGROUND: There is little known about the factors influencing the weaning process of long-term mechanically ventilated patients in the neurological early rehabilitation. AIM: To identify salient clinical and neurophysiological variables with impact upon weaning from mechanical ventilation during neurological and neurosurgical early rehabilitation. DESIGN: Observational, retrospective data analysis. POPULATION: A sample of 65 mechanically ventilated neurological and neurosurgical early rehabilitation patients of the BDH-Clinic Hessisch Oldendorf in Northern Germany...
April 4, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368273/consensus-statement-of-the-indian-academy-of-pediatrics-on-evaluation-and-management-of-learning-disability
#9
M K C Nair, Chhaya Prasad, Jeeson Unni, Anjan Bhattacharya, S S Kamath, Samir Dalwai
JUSTIFICATION: Learning Disability (LD) in children is a well-recognized developmental disorder, which has profound academic and psychosocial consequences. Due to the complex nature of LD and multiple disadvantages posed to the child due to LD, a multidisciplinary approach towards intervention is warranted. Given the paucity of evidence-based standardized treatment approaches, consensus guidelines for management of LD are needed. PROCESS: The meeting on formulation of national consensus guidelines on neurodevelopmental disorders was organized by Indian Academy of Pediatrics in Mumbai, on 18th and 19th December, 2015...
March 29, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366955/signs-and-symptoms-of-mercury-exposed-gold-miners
#10
Stephan Bose-O'Reilly, Ludovic Bernaudat, Uwe Siebert, Gabriele Roider, Dennis Nowak, Gustav Drasch
OBJECTIVES: Gold miners use mercury to extract gold from ore adding liquid mercury to the milled gold-containing ore. This results in a mercury-gold compound, called amalgam. Miners smelt this amalgam to obtain gold, vaporizing it and finally inhaling the toxic mercury fumes. The objective was to merge and analyze data from different projects, to identify typical signs and symptoms of chronic inorganic mercury exposure. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Miners and community members from various artisanal small-scale gold mining areas had been examined (Philippines, Mongolia, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Indonesia)...
March 30, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366954/health-effects-of-manganese-exposures-for-welders-in-qingdao-city-china
#11
Huaqiang Zhang, Chunsheng Xu, Honglin Wang, Arthur L Frank
OBJECTIVES: To document if manganese from welding causes health effects including neurological symptoms associated with manganese exposure. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An anonymous questionnaire survey for a total of 505 welders at 3 welding facilities in Qingdao City, China was administered and analyzed. RESULTS: Numerous symptoms were reported by the welders including difficulty with eyes for 43% of them, sore throat for 30% of them, and tremors were reported by over 18% of them...
March 30, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337648/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-alternating-hemiplegia-of-childhood
#12
REVIEW
Melanie Masoud, Lyndsey Prange, Jeffrey Wuchich, Arsen Hunanyan, Mohamad A Mikati
The diagnosis and treatment of patients with Alternating Hemiplegia of Childhood (AHC) and related disorders should be provided by a multidisciplinary team experienced with the spectrum of presentations of this disease, with its related disorders, with its complex and fluctuating manifestations, and with cutting edge advances occurring in the field. Involvement in research to advance the understanding of this disease and partnership with international collaborators and family organizations are also important...
February 2017: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304316/perspectives-and-attitudes-of-pediatricians-concerning-post-discharge-care-practice-of-premature-infants
#13
A Gad, E Parkinson, N Khawar, A Elmeki, P Narula, D Hoang
OBJECTIVE: Survival rates of premature infants are at a historical high and increasingly more pediatricians are caring for former premature infants. The goal of this study was to describe the perspectives and attitudes of pediatricians, as well as, the challenges of rendering post-neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) discharge care for premature infants. METHODS: An anonymous 22-question web-based survey was emailed to pediatricians who are current members of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and practicing in Kings County, New York...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276863/when-synesthesia-and-savant-abilities-are-mistaken-for-hallucinations-and-delusions-contribution-of-a-cognitive-approach-for-their-differential-diagnosis
#14
Lucie Bouvet, Jacques-Edouard Barbier, Nia Cason, Serge Bakchine, Nathalie Ehrlé
OBJECTIVE: Schizophrenia is characterized by hallucinations, delusions, disorganized speech and behavior, and other symptoms that cause social or occupational dysfunction. However, some of these symptoms, such as hallucinations and delusions, can be indicative of other phenomena such as synesthesia and savant abilities. The aim of this paper is to highlight how neurological and psychiatric conditions can be confused and how formal neuropsychological evaluations can be necessary to distinguish them...
February 17, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275278/occupational-health-problems-among-dentists-in-croatia
#15
Marin Vodanović, Slavica Sović, Ivan Galić
AIM: To assess the health status among dentists in Croatia regarding the symptoms of musculoskeletal, dermatological, sight, hearing and neurological disorders. METHODS: The anonymous online survey was conducted among 506 Croatian dentists. RESULTS: It was found that over 78.18% of the surveyed dentists experienced work related pain in upper back, 76.97% of them in lower back. Work-related skin problems were reported by 29.29% of dentists...
December 2016: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263042/1-3-5-trisubstituted-pyrazoles-as-potent-negative-allosteric-modulators-of-the-mglu2-3-receptors
#16
Michiel Van Gool, Sergio Alvar Alonso De Diego, Oscar Delgado, Andrés A Trabanco, Fabrice Jourdan, Gregor J Macdonald, Marijke Somers, Luc Ver Donck
The metabotropic glutamate subtype 2 (mGlu2) receptor is a presynaptic membrane receptor distributed widely in brain that provides feedback inhibitory control of glutamate release. Inhibition of the mGlu2 receptor function with a negative allosteric modulator (NAM) enhances activity dependent glutamate release which may be of therapeutic benefit for treatment of neurological and psychiatric disorders. An attractive pyrazole hit was identified after a high throughput screening (HTS) campaign. The evolution of this hit is described by structure-activity relationship (SAR) study on specific parts of the molecule...
March 6, 2017: ChemMedChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258685/-analysis-of-phonosurgical-methods-of-treatment-in-spasmodic-dysphonia
#17
Bożena Kosztyła-Hojna, Greta Berger, Maciej Zdrojkowski
Spasmodic dysphonia (SD) is rather a rare voice disorder. It is most often seen in woman aged 40-50. The disease is caused by deep emotional and neurological disorders of extrapyramidal system. Two main clinical forms of SD are distinguished: about 90% of cases - adductor spasmodic dysphonia and abductor spasmodic dysphonia roughly 10%. Conservative therapy does not always yield sufficient effects. Botulinum toxin - type A injections into the thyroarytenoid muscle are also used in therapy. Though results are temporary and reversible...
February 20, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256690/-sensory-integration-benefits-and-effectiveness-of-therapeutic-management-in-sensory-processing-disorders
#18
M Tudela-Torras, L Abad-Mas, E Tudela-Torras
Today, the fact that sensory integration difficulties with a neurological basis exist and that they seriously condition the development of those individuals who suffer from them is widely accepted and acknowledged as being obvious by the vast majority of professionals working in the field of community healthcare. However, less is known and there is more controversy about effective treatments that can be applied to them. This is because many professionals criticise the fact that there is not enough scientific evidence to prove, both quantitatively and empirically, the outcomes of the interventions implemented as alternatives to pharmacological therapy...
February 24, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244557/goal-setting-instruments-in-geriatric-rehabilitation-a-systematic-review
#19
R van Seben, L Reichardt, S Smorenburg, B Buurman
This systematic review summarizes the psychometric properties of goal-setting instruments that are applied within geriatric rehabilitation. PubMed Medline and Embase were systematically searched for eligible articles. Studies were included if they were conducted in a somatic or neurological rehabilitation setting, included patients aged ≥55 years and provided data on instruments' psychometric properties (validity, reliability, responsiveness), utility and/or feasibility. Eleven studies were included. Seven studies, all conducted by one research group, evaluated Goal-Attainment Scaling (GAS), two studies assessed the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) and one study the Self-Identified Goals Assessment (SIGA), which is based on the COPM...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237878/a-tissue-dose-based-comparative-exposure-assessment-of-manganese-using-physiologically-based-pharmacokinetic-modeling-the-importance-of-homeostatic-control-for-an-essential-metal
#20
P Robinan Gentry, Cynthia Van Landingham, William G Fuller, Sandra I Sulsky, Tracy B Greene, Harvey J Clewell, Melvin E Andersen, Harry A Roels, Michael D Taylor, Athena M Keene
A physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model (Schroeter et al., 2011) was applied to simulate target tissue manganese (Mn) concentrations following occupational and environmental exposures. These estimates of target tissue Mn concentrations were compared to determine margins of safety (MOS) and to evaluate the biological relevance of applying safety factors to derive acceptable Mn air concentrations. Mn blood concentrations measured in occupational studies permitted verification of the human PBPK models, increasing confidence in the resulting estimates...
May 1, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
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