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Complement receptor 3

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027245/epac-induced-ryanodine-receptor-type-2-activation-inhibits-sodium-currents-in-atrial-and-ventricular-murine-cardiomyocytes
#1
Haseeb Valli, Shiraz Ahmad, Sujan Sriharan, Lydia D Dean, Andrew A Grace, Kamalan Jeevaratnam, Hugh R Matthews, Christopher L-H Huang
Acute RyR2 activation by exchange protein directly activated by cAMP (Epac) reversibly perturbs myocyte Ca(2+) homeostasis, slows myocardial action potential conduction, and exerts pro-arrhythmic effects. Loose patch-clamp studies, preserving in vivo extracellular and intracellular conditions, investigated Na(+) current in intact cardiomyocytes in murine atrial and ventricular preparations following Epac activation. Depolarising steps to varying test voltages activated typical voltage-dependent Na(+) currents...
October 12, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020746/proteomic-landscape-of-the-primary-somatosensory-cortex-upon-sensory-deprivation
#2
Koen Kole, Rik G H Lindeboom, Marijke P A Baltissen, Pascal W T C Jansen, Michiel Vermeulen, Paul Tiesinga, Tansu Celikel
Experience-dependent plasticity (EDP) powerfully shapes neural circuits by inducing long-lasting molecular changes in the brain. Molecular mechanisms of EDP have been traditionally studied by identifying single or small subsets of targets along the biochemical pathways that link synaptic receptors to nuclear processes. Recent technological advances in large-scale analysis of gene transcription and translation now allow systematic observation of thousands of molecules simultaneously. Here we employed label-free quantitative mass spectrometry to address experience-dependent changes in the proteome after sensory deprivation of the primary somatosensory cortex...
October 1, 2017: GigaScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992353/glomerular-mannose-binding-lectin-deposition-in-intrinsic-antigen-related-membranous-nephropathy
#3
Norifumi Hayashi, Keiichirou Okada, Yuki Matsui, Keiji Fujimoto, Hiroki Adachi, Hideki Yamaya, Misao Matsushita, Hitoshi Yokoyama
Background: The M-type phospholipase A2 receptor (PLA2R) and thrombospondin type-1 domain-containing 7A (THSD7A) were identified as intrinsic antigens in primary membranous nephropathy (MN). Complement activation via the lectin pathway in intrinsic antigen-related MN is still unclear. Methods: We retrospectively enrolled 60 primary Japanese MN patients and detected activated complement pathways by staining complement proteins in glomerular deposition. According to the findings of PLA2R and THSD7A staining in glomeruli, they were classified into intrinsic antigen-related or -unrelated MN...
July 18, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983655/mechanistic-understanding-of-phenyllactic-acid-mediated-inhibition-of-quorum-sensing-and-biofilm-development-in-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#4
Maitrayee Chatterjee, Sharon D'Morris, Vinod Paul, Sruthi Warrier, Anil Kumar Vasudevan, Muralidharan Vanuopadath, Sudarslal Sadasivan Nair, Bindhu Paul-Prasanth, C Gopi Mohan, Raja Biswas
Pseudomonas aeruginosa depends on its quorum sensing (QS) system for its virulence factors' production and biofilm formation. Biofilms of P. aeruginosa on the surface of indwelling catheters are often resistant to antibiotic therapy. Alternative approaches that employ QS inhibitors alone or in combination with antibiotics are being developed to tackle P. aeruginosa infections. Here, we have studied the mechanism of action of 3-Phenyllactic acid (PLA), a QS inhibitory compound produced by Lactobacillus species, against P...
October 5, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978491/complement-receptor-3-mediates-nadph-oxidase-activation-and-dopaminergic-neurodegeneration-through-a-src-erk-dependent-pathway
#5
Liyan Hou, Ke Wang, Cong Zhang, Fuqiang Sun, Yuning Che, Xiulan Zhao, Dan Zhang, Huihua Li, Qingshan Wang
Microglial NADPH oxidase (Nox2) plays a key role in chronic neuroinflammation and related dopaminergic neurodegeneration in Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the mechanisms behind Nox2 activation remain unclear. Here, we revealed the critical role of complement receptor 3 (CR3), a microglia-specific pattern recognition receptor, in Nox2 activation and subsequent dopaminergic neurodegeneration by using paraquat and maneb-induced PD model. Suppression or genetic deletion of CR3 impeded paraquat and maneb-induced activation of microglial Nox2, which was associated with attenuation of dopaminergic neurodegeneration...
September 27, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959264/dynamic-perturbations-of-cd4-and-cd8-t-cell-receptor-repertoires-in-chronic-hepatitis-b-patients-upon-oral-antiviral-therapy
#6
Ying Xu, Yu Liu, Miaoxian Zhao, Yunqing Chen, Cantao Xie, Mingxing Gong, Haohui Deng, Xueying Li, Jian Sun, Jinlin Hou, Hongkai Wu, Zhanhui Wang
Long-term treatment with nucleos(t)ide analogs (NUCs) can improve the antiviral T cell response in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients. Whether and to what extent the T cell response is improved by NUCs in the early stage leading to hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) seroconversion remain to be clarified. A total of 22 CHB patients undergoing 2-year telbivudine-based therapy were enrolled, including 10 exhibiting a complete response (CR) and 12 exhibiting a non-complete response (NCR) according to HBeAg seroconversion at week 52...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946636/structure-function-relationships-underlying-the-capacity-of-bordetella-adenylate-cyclase-toxin-to-disarm-host-phagocytes
#7
REVIEW
Jakub Novak, Ondrej Cerny, Adriana Osickova, Irena Linhartova, Jiri Masin, Ladislav Bumba, Peter Sebo, Radim Osicka
Bordetellae, pathogenic to mammals, produce an immunomodulatory adenylate cyclase toxin-hemolysin (CyaA, ACT or AC-Hly) that enables them to overcome the innate immune defense of the host. CyaA subverts host phagocytic cells by an orchestrated action of its functional domains, where an extremely catalytically active adenylyl cyclase enzyme is delivered into phagocyte cytosol by a pore-forming repeat-in-toxin (RTX) cytolysin moiety. By targeting sentinel cells expressing the complement receptor 3, known as the CD11b/CD18 (αMβ₂) integrin, CyaA compromises the bactericidal functions of host phagocytes and supports infection of host airways by Bordetellae...
September 24, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928834/cd55-and-cd59-expression-protects-her2-overexpressing-breast-cancer-cells-from-trastuzumab-induced-complement-dependent-cytotoxicity
#8
Yu Wang, Ya-Jun Yang, Zhu Wang, Juan Liao, Mei Liu, Xiao-Rong Zhong, Hong Zheng, Yan-Ping Wang
A large proportion (40-60%) of patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-overexpressing breast cancer do not benefit from trastuzumab treatment, potentially due to the lack of complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) activation. In the present study, the effect of complement decay-accelerating factor (CD55) and CD59 glycoprotein precursor (CD59) expression on trastuzumab-induced CDC in HER2-positive breast cancer cell lines was investigated. The CD55 and CD59-overexpressing and HER2-positive cell lines SK-BR-3 and BT474 were selected for subsequent experiments...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927270/proteomic-analysis-of-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-pbmc-after-a-high-fat-high-carbohydrate-meal-with-orange-juice
#9
Daniela F Seixas Chaves, Paulo C Carvalho, Elisa Brasili, Marcelo Macedo Rogero, Neuza Mariko Aymoto Hassimotto, Jolene K Diedrich, James J Moresco, John R Yates, Franco Maria Lajolo
Oxidative stress and inflammation play a role in the physiopathology of insulin resistance, diabetes and cardiovascular disease. A single high-fat, high-carbohydrate (HFHC) meal induces an increase in inflammatory and oxidative stress markers in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). Previous studies have shown that orange juice is able to prevent this response by inhibiting toll like receptors (TLR) expression and endotoxemia. Our goal was to study the proteome response in PBMC after the consumption of a HFHC meal consumed with water, orange juice or an isocaloric beverage (water with glucose)...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894415/loss-of-fmrp-impaired-hippocampal-long-term-plasticity-and-spatial-learning-in-rats
#10
Yonglu Tian, Chaojuan Yang, Shujiang Shang, Yijun Cai, Xiaofei Deng, Jian Zhang, Feng Shao, Desheng Zhu, Yunbo Liu, Guiquan Chen, Jing Liang, Qiang Sun, Zilong Qiu, Chen Zhang
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder caused by mutations in the FMR1 gene that inactivate expression of the gene product, the fragile X mental retardation 1 protein (FMRP). In this study, we used clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated protein 9 (Cas9) technology to generate Fmr1 knockout (KO) rats by disruption of the fourth exon of the Fmr1 gene. Western blotting analysis confirmed that the FMRP was absent from the brains of the Fmr1 KO rats (Fmr1(exon4-KO) )...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893607/modification-of-adverse-health-effects-of-maternal-active-and-passive-smoking-by-genetic-susceptibility-dose-dependent-association-of-plasma-cotinine-with-infant-birth-size-among-japanese-women-the-hokkaido-study
#11
Sumitaka Kobayashi, Fumihiro Sata, Seiko Sasaki, Titilola Serifat Braimoh, Atsuko Araki, Chihiro Miyashita, Houman Goudarzi, Sachiko Kobayashi, Reiko Kishi
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess the individual dose-response effects of eight maternal polymorphisms encoding polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-metabolizing and DNA-repair genes on prenatal cotinine levels according to infant birth size. METHODS: In total, 3263 Japanese pregnant women were assigned to five groups based on plasma cotinine levels during the 8th month of pregnancy, as measured using ELISA (cut-offs: 0.21, 0.55, 11.48, and 101.67ng/mL). Analyses were performed using multiple linear regression...
September 8, 2017: Reproductive Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883043/ffar2-ffar3-receptor-heteromerization-modulates-short-chain-fatty-acid-sensing
#12
Zhiwei Ang, Ding Xiong, Min Wu, Jeak Ling Ding
Free fatty acid receptors (FFAR2/FFA2/GPR43 and FFAR3/FFA3/GPR41) are mammalian receptors for gut microbiota-derived short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs). These receptors are promising drug targets for obesity, colitis, colon cancer, asthma, and arthritis. Here, we demonstrate that FFAR2 and FFAR3 interact to form a heteromer in primary human monocytes and macrophages via proximity ligation assay, and during heterologous expression in HEK293 cells via bimolecular fluorescence complementation and fluorescence resonance energy transfer...
September 7, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875999/a-comparison-of-the-human-and-mouse-protein-corona-profiles-of-functionalized-sio2-nanocarriers
#13
A Solorio-Rodríguez, V Escamilla-Rivera, M Uribe-Ramírez, A Chagolla, R Winkler, C M García-Cuellar, A De Vizcaya-Ruiz
Nanoparticles are a promising cancer therapy for their use as drug carriers given their versatile functionalization with polyethylene glycol and proteins that can be recognized by overexpressed receptors in tumor cells. However, it has been suggested that in biological fluids, proteins cover nanoparticles, which gives the proteins a biological identity that could be responsible for unexpected biological responses: the so-called protein corona. A relevant biological event that is usually ignored in protein-corona formation is the interspecies differences in protein binding, which can be involved in the discrepancies observed in preclinical studies and the nanoparticle safety and efficiency...
September 21, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857387/profiling-of-glycan-alterations-in-regrowing-limb-tissues-of-cynops-orientalis
#14
Jihong Cui, Hanxue Zheng, Jing Zhang, Liyuan Jia, Yalong Feng, Wenjun Wang, Hongmin Li, Fulin Chen
Glycans are known to play important roles in molecular recognition, cell-cell adhesion, molecular trafficking, receptor activation, and signal transduction during development and regeneration. Despite numerous investigations of regenerating salamander limbs, global analysis of the precise variation of glycans during the limb regeneration process has received little attention. Here, we have used lectin microarrays and lectin histochemistry to analyze the alterations and distribution of glycans during the early stages leading to blastema formation during Cynops orientalis limb regeneration in response to limb amputation...
August 30, 2017: Wound Repair and Regeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855287/gaba-transporters-regulate-tonic-and-synaptic-gabaa-receptor-mediated-currents-in-the-suprachiasmatic-nucleus-neurons
#15
Michael G Moldavan, Olga Cravetchi, Charles N Allen
GABA is a principal neurotransmitter in the hypothalamic suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) that contributes to intercellular communication between individual circadian oscillators within the SCN network and the stability and precision of the circadian rhythms. GABA transporters (GAT) regulate the extracellular GABA concentration and modulate GABAA receptor (GABAAR)-mediated currents. GABA transport inhibitors were applied to study how GABAAR-mediated currents depend on the expression and function of GAT. Nipecotic acid inhibits GABA transport and induced an inward tonic current in concentration-dependent manner during whole-cell patch clamp recordings from SCN neurons...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843904/regulation-of-epithelial-cell-expressed-c3-in-the-intestine-relevance-for-the-pathophysiology-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#16
Annika Sünderhauf, Kerstin Skibbe, Sophie Preisker, Karen Ebbert, Admar Verschoor, Christian M Karsten, Claudia Kemper, Markus Huber-Lang, Marijana Basic, André Bleich, Jürgen Büning, Klaus Fellermann, Christian Sina, Stefanie Derer
The complement system not only plays a critical role in efficient detection and clearance of bacteria, but also in intestinal immune homeostasis as mice deficient for key complement components display enhanced intestinal inflammation upon experimental colitis. Because underlying molecular mechanisms for this observation are unclear, we investigated the crosstalk between intestinal epithelial cells (IEC), bacteria and the complement system in the course of chronic colitis. Surprisingly, mouse intestinal epithelial cell lines constitutively express high mRNA levels of complement component 3 (C3), Toll-like receptor 2 (Tlr2) and Tlr4...
October 2017: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839160/functional-characterisation-of-brassinosteroid-receptor-mtbri1-in-medicago-truncatula
#17
Xiaofei Cheng, Xiaoping Gou, Hongju Yin, Kirankumar S Mysore, Jia Li, Jiangqi Wen
Brassinosteroids are phytohormones involved in plant development and physiological processes. Brassinosteroids Insensitive 1 (BRI1) is required for BR perception and initiation of subsequent signal transduction in Arabidopsis. In this study, the orthologue of BRI1 in the model legume species Medicago truncatula, MtBRI1, was identified and characterised. Three allelic Tnt1 insertion mutants, mtbri1-1, mtbri1-2, and mtbri1-3, were obtained from the M. truncatula Tnt1 insertion population. mtbri1 mutants displayed characteristic bri1 mutant phenotypes: extreme dwarfness, dark green curled leaves, short primary roots, less lateral roots, and insensitive to exogenous brassinolide (BL)...
August 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821630/il-17a-deficiency-mitigates-bleomycin-induced-complement-activation-during-lung-fibrosis
#18
Ellyse Cipolla, Amanda J Fisher, Hongmei Gu, Elizabeth A Mickler, Manisha Agarwal, Carol A Wilke, Kevin K Kim, Bethany B Moore, Ragini Vittal
Interleukin 17A (IL-17A) and complement (C') activation have each been implicated in the pathogenesis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). We have reported that IL-17A induces epithelial injury via TGF-β in murine bronchiolitis obliterans; that TGF-β and the C' cascade present signaling interactions in mediating epithelial injury; and that the blockade of C' receptors mitigates lung fibrosis. In the present study, we investigated the role of IL-17A in regulating C' in lung fibrosis. Microarray analyses of mRNA isolated from primary normal human small airway epithelial cells indicated that IL-17A (100 ng/ml; 24 h; n = 5 donor lungs) induces C' components (C' factor B, C3, and GPCR kinase isoform 5), cytokines (IL8, -6, and -1B), and cytokine ligands (CXCL1, -2, -3, -5, -6, and -16)...
August 17, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777260/persistence-of-parenchymal-and-perivascular-t-cells-in-treatment-refractory-anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis
#19
Alexander Filatenkov, Timothy E Richardson, Elena Daoud, Sarah F Johnson-Welch, Denise M Ramirez, Jose Torrealba, Benjamin Greenberg, Nancy L Monson, Veena Rajaram
Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis is an autoimmune disease mediated by IgG1 or IgG3 antibodies to the GluN1 subunit of the NMDAR, resulting in downregulation of NMDARs. Early diagnosis, prompt reduction of anti-NMDAR antibodies, and removal of associated ovarian tumors when identified are important drivers of prognosis. Immunohistochemical studies were carried out to evaluate B cell, plasma cell, and T-cell infiltrates in the brain of a 3-year-old patient with anti-NMDAR encephalitis who failed to show improvement after plasma exchange and Rituximab treatment...
September 27, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767591/identification-of-key-genes-associated-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-with-bioinformatics-approach
#20
Xiaokun Gang, Yan Sun, Fei Li, Tong Yu, Zhende Jiang, Xiujie Zhu, Qiyao Jiang, Yao Wang
We aimed to identify key genes associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).The microarray datasets of GSE1919, GSE12021, and GSE21959 (35 RA samples and 32 normal controls) were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in RA samples were identified using the t test in limma package. Functional enrichment analysis was performed using clusterProfiler package. A protein-protein interaction (PPI) network of selected DEGs was constructed based on the Human Protein Reference Database...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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