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Complement receptor 3

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230710/a-case-report-of-proliferative-glomerulonephritis-with-monoclonal-immunoglobulin-m-kappa-deposits-without-associated-lymphoproliferative-disorder-or-detectable-paraproteinemia
#1
Yoshito Yamaguchi, Kunihiko Maeda, Katsuyuki Nagatoya, Atsushi Yamauchi
A 53-year-old man presented with proteinuria and hematuria. No significant abnormality was detected in his physical examination or laboratory tests, including evidence of paraprotein in serum and urine. Renal biopsy revealed mesangial proliferation, thickened glomerular basement membranes, and spike formation. Immunofluorescence revealed deposition of immunoglobulin (Ig) M heavy chain, kappa (κ) light chain, and complement component C3 along capillary walls in the glomeruli. Light chain staining indicated significant restriction, because only κ chain, not lambda chain, was present in glomeruli...
December 11, 2017: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214034/identification-of-biomarkers-of-response-to-abatacept-in-patients-with-sle-using-deconvolution-of-whole-blood-transcriptomic-data-from-a-phase-iib-clinical-trial
#2
Somnath Bandyopadhyay, Sean E Connolly, Omar Jabado, June Ye, Sheila Kelly, Michael A Maldonado, Rene Westhovens, Peter Nash, Joan T Merrill, Robert M Townsend
Objective: To characterise patients with active SLE based on pretreatment gene expression-defined peripheral immune cell patterns and identify clusters enriched for potential responders to abatacept treatment. Methods: This post hoc analysis used baseline peripheral whole blood transcriptomic data from patients in a phase IIb trial of intravenous abatacept (~10 mg/kg/month). Cell-specific genes were used with a published deconvolution algorithm to identify immune cell proportions in patient samples, and unsupervised consensus clustering was generated...
2017: Lupus Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212848/association-of-complement-receptor-1-gene-polymorphisms-with-cognitive-function
#3
Laurien Ermine Zijlstra, J Wouter Jukema, Simon P Mooijaart, Marijke A de Vries, David J Stott, Manuel Castro Cabezas, Stella Trompet
Previous evidence suggest involvement of the complement receptor 1 (CR1) in development of Alzheimer's disease. We investigated the association of CR1 gene polymorphisms with cognitive function in older subjects. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within the CR1 region on chromosome 1 (n=73) were assessed in 5244 participants in the PROspective Study of Pravastatin in the Elderly at Risk (51.9% female, mean age75.3 years). Linear regression, adjusted for age, sex, country and use of pravastatin, was used to assess the association between the SNPs and cognitive function, All 73 SNPs within the genomic region of the CR1 gene on chromosome 1 were extracted...
December 6, 2017: Physiological Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209332/complement-receptor-3-has-negative-impact-on-tumor-surveillance-through-suppression-of-natural-killer-cell-function
#4
Cheng-Fei Liu, Xiao-Yun Min, Naiyin Wang, Jia-Xing Wang, Ning Ma, Xia Dong, Bing Zhang, Weiju Wu, Zong-Fang Li, Wuding Zhou, Ke Li
Complement receptor 3 (CR3) is expressed abundantly on natural killer (NK) cells; however, whether it plays roles in NK cell-dependent tumor surveillance is largely unknown. Here, we show that CR3 is an important negative regulator of NK cell function, which has negative impact on tumor surveillance. Mice deficient in CR3 (CD11b-/- mice) exhibited a more activated NK phenotype and had enhanced NK-dependent tumor killing. In a B16-luc melanoma-induced lung tumor growth and metastasis model, mice deficient in CR3 had reduced tumor growth and metastases, compared with WT mice...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182620/broncho-vaxom-om-85-modulates-rhinovirus-docking-proteins-on-human-airway-epithelial-cells-via-erk1-2-mitogen-activated-protein-kinase-and-camp
#5
Michael Roth, Christian Pasquali, Daiana Stolz, Michael Tamm
BACKGROUND: Bronchial epithelial cells (BEC) are primary target for Rhinovirus infection through attaching to cell membrane proteins. OM-85, a bacterial extract, improves recovery of asthma and COPD patients after viral infections, but only part of the mechanism was addressed, by focusing on defined immune cells. OBJECTIVE: We therefore determined the effect of OM-85 on isolated primary human BEC of controls (n = 8), asthma patients (n = 10) and COPD patients (n = 9)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174917/non-identical-twins-different-faces-of-cr3-and-cr4-in-myeloid-and-lymphoid-cells-of-mice-and-men
#6
REVIEW
Anna Erdei, Szilvia Lukácsi, Bernadett Mácsik-Valent, Zsuzsa Nagy-Baló, István Kurucz, Zsuzsa Bajtay
Integrins are cell membrane receptors that are involved in essential physiological and serious pathological processes. Their main role is to ensure a closely regulated link between the extracellular matrix and the intracellular cytoskeletal network enabling cells to react to environmental stimuli. Complement receptor type 3 (CR3, αMβ2, CD11b/CD18) and type 4 (CR4, αXβ2, CD11c/CD18) are members of the β2-integrin family expressed on most white blood cells. Both receptors bind multiple ligands like iC3b, ICAM, fibrinogen or LPS...
November 21, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169972/detection-of-circulating-igg-autoantibody-to-fc%C3%AE%C2%B5ri%C3%AE-in-sera-from-chronic-spontaneous-urticaria-patients
#7
Bastsetseg Ulambayar, Yi-Hsing Chen, Ga-Young Ban, Ji-Ho Lee, Chang-Gyu Jung, Eun-Mi Yang, Hae-Sim Park, Young-Min Ye
BACKGROUNDS: Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is a common skin disorder characterized by itchy wheals of at least 6 weeks in duration, wherein the autoimmune mechanism is involved to activate IgE receptors (FcεRIα) on mast cells. We aimed to assess levels of IgG autoantibody against FcεRIα in sera from CSU patients using dot-blot immunoassay. METHODS: We performed a hospital-based cross-sectional study of 125 CSU patients (64 ASST-positive, 61 ASST-negative) and 64 age-and sex-matched healthy controls...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157909/sulfated-fucan-from-sea-cucumber-stichopus-japonicus-on-nk-cell-activation-and-cytotoxicity
#8
Utoomporn Surayot, SangMin Lee, SangGuan You
The aqueous crude sulfated fucan (SF) from Stichopus japonicus was extracted and fractionated using anion-exchange chromatography to obtain four fractions (F1, F2, F3 and F4) and to investigate their NK cell activation and cytotoxicity. The most potent NK cell cytotoxicity (45% at 250μg/mL) against HeLa cells was observed by F1 treatment, on the other hand, F3 and F4 treatment exhibited strong NK cell cytotoxicity (31-34% at 250μg/mL) against HepG2 and HT-29 cells. The SF treatment enhanced the activation of NK cells through the mRNA expression of INF-γ, an activating receptor (NKp30), lysing proteins (perforin and granzyme-B) as well as a death ligand (FasL)...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125553/structure-based-design-of-potent-and-selective-ligands-at-the-four-adenosine-receptors
#9
Willem Jespers, Ana Oliveira, Rubén Prieto-Díaz, María Majellaro, Johan Åqvist, Eddy Sotelo, Hugo Gutiérrez-de-Terán
The four receptors that signal for adenosine, A₁, A2A, A2B and A₃ ARs, belong to the superfamily of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). They mediate a number of (patho)physiological functions and have attracted the interest of the biopharmaceutical sector for decades as potential drug targets. The many crystal structures of the A2A, and lately the A₁ ARs, allow for the use of advanced computational, structure-based ligand design methodologies. Over the last decade, we have assessed the efficient synthesis of novel ligands specifically addressed to each of the four ARs...
November 10, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118755/apoptotic-cells-induced-signaling-for-immune-homeostasis-in-macrophages-and-dendritic-cells
#10
REVIEW
Uriel Trahtemberg, Dror Mevorach
Inefficient and abnormal clearance of apoptotic cells (efferocytosis) contributes to systemic autoimmune disease in humans and mice, and inefficient chromosomal DNA degradation by DNAse II leads to systemic polyarthritis and a cytokine storm. By contrast, efficient clearance allows immune homeostasis, generally leads to a non-inflammatory state for both macrophages and dendritic cells (DCs), and contributes to maintenance of peripheral tolerance. As many as 3 × 10(8) cells undergo apoptosis every hour in our bodies, and one of the primary "eat me" signals expressed by apoptotic cells is phosphatidylserine (PtdSer)...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118117/a-y161f-hemagglutinin-substitution-increases-thermostability-and-improves-yields-of-2009-h1n1-influenza-a-virus-in-cells
#11
Feng Wen, Lei Li, Nan Zhao, Meng-Jung Chiang, Hang Xie, Jim Cooley, Richard Webby, Peng George Wang, Xiu-Feng Wan
Vaccination is the primary strategy for influenza prevention and control. Yet egg-based vaccines, the predominant production platform, have several disadvantages including the emergence of viral antigenic variants that can be induced during egg passage. These limitations have prompted development of cell-based vaccines which themselves are not without issue. Most importantly, vaccine seed viruses often do not grow efficiently in mammalian cell lines. Here we aimed to identify novel high-yield signatures for influenza viruses in continuous Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) and Vero cells...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109286/circadian-clock-cryptochrome-proteins-regulate-autoimmunity
#12
Qi Cao, Xuan Zhao, Jingwen Bai, Sigal Gery, Haibo Sun, De-Chen Lin, Qi Chen, Zhengshan Chen, Lauren Mack, Henry Yang, Ruishu Deng, Xianping Shi, Ling-Wa Chong, Han Cho, Jianjun Xie, Quan-Zhen Li, Markus Müschen, Annette R Atkins, Christopher Liddle, Ruth T Yu, Serhan Alkan, Jonathan W Said, Ye Zheng, Michael Downes, Ronald M Evans, H Phillip Koeffler
The circadian system regulates numerous physiological processes including immune responses. Here, we show that mice deficient of the circadian clock genes Cry1 and Cry2 [Cry double knockout (DKO)] develop an autoimmune phenotype including high serum IgG concentrations, serum antinuclear antibodies, and precipitation of IgG, IgM, and complement 3 in glomeruli and massive infiltration of leukocytes into the lungs and kidneys. Flow cytometry of lymphoid organs revealed decreased pre-B cell numbers and a higher percentage of mature recirculating B cells in the bone marrow, as well as increased numbers of B2 B cells in the peritoneal cavity of Cry DKO mice...
November 21, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078716/interaction-of-sex-chromosome-complement-gonadal-hormones-and-neuronal-steroid-synthesis-on-the-sexual-differentiation-of-mammalian-neurons
#13
Maria Julia Cambiasso, Carla Daniela Cisternas, Isabel Ruiz-Palmero, Maria Julia Scerbo, Maria Angeles Arevalo, Iñigo Azcoitia, Luis M Garcia-Segura
Female mouse hippocampal and hypothalamic neurons growing in vitro show a faster development of neurites than male mouse neurons. This sex difference in neuritogenesis is determined by higher expression levels of the neuritogenic factor neurogenin 3 in female neurons. Experiments with the four core genotype mouse model, in which XX and XY animals with male gonads and XX and XY animals with female gonads are generated, indicate that higher levels of neurogenin 3 in developing neurons are determined by the presence of the XX chromosome complement...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Neurogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078325/necroptosis-controls-net-generation-and-mediates-complement-activation-endothelial-damage-and-autoimmune-vasculitis
#14
Adrian Schreiber, Anthony Rousselle, Jan Ulrich Becker, Anne von Mässenhausen, Andreas Linkermann, Ralph Kettritz
Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) constitutes life-threatening autoimmune diseases affecting every organ, including the kidneys, where they cause necrotizing crescentic glomerulonephritis. ANCA activates neutrophils and activated neutrophils damage the endothelium, leading to vascular inflammation and necrosis. Better understanding of neutrophil-mediated AAV disease mechanisms may reveal novel treatment strategies. Here we report that ANCA induces neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) via receptor-interacting protein kinase (RIPK) 1/3- and mixed-lineage kinase domain-like (MLKL)-dependent necroptosis...
November 7, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073617/preimplantation-factor-pif-promotes-hla-g-e-f-c-expression-in-jeg-3-choriocarcinoma-cells-and-endogenous-progesterone-activity
#15
Miya Soukaina Hakam, Jose Maria Miranda-Sayago, Soren Hayrabedyan, Krassimira Todorova, Patrick Simon Spencer, Asma Jabeen, Eytan R Barnea, Nelson Fernandez
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Pregnancy success requires mandatory maternal tolerance of the semi/ allogeneic embryo involving embryo-derived signals. Expression levels of PreImplantation Factor (PIF), a novel peptide secreted by viable embryos, correlate with embryo development, and its early detection in circulation correlates with a favourable pregnancy outcome. PIF enhances endometrial receptivity to promote embryo implantation. Via the p53 pathway, it increases trophoblast invasion, improving cell survival / immune privilege...
October 27, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066163/safety-and-efficacy-of-eculizumab-in-anti-acetylcholine-receptor-antibody-positive-refractory-generalised-myasthenia-gravis-regain-a-phase-3-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-multicentre-study
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
James F Howard, Kimiaki Utsugisawa, Michael Benatar, Hiroyuki Murai, Richard J Barohn, Isabel Illa, Saiju Jacob, John Vissing, Ted M Burns, John T Kissel, Srikanth Muppidi, Richard J Nowak, Fanny O'Brien, Jing-Jing Wang, Renato Mantegazza
BACKGROUND: Complement is likely to have a role in refractory generalised myasthenia gravis, but no approved therapies specifically target this system. Results from a phase 2 study suggested that eculizumab, a terminal complement inhibitor, produced clinically meaningful improvements in patients with anti-acetylcholine receptor antibody-positive refractory generalised myasthenia gravis. We further assessed the efficacy and safety of eculizumab in this patient population in a phase 3 trial...
December 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027245/epac-induced-ryanodine-receptor-type-2-activation-inhibits-sodium-currents-in-atrial-and-ventricular-murine-cardiomyocytes
#17
Haseeb Valli, Shiraz Ahmad, Sujan Sriharan, Lydia D Dean, Andrew A Grace, Kamalan Jeevaratnam, Hugh R Matthews, Christopher L-H Huang
Acute RyR2 activation by exchange protein directly activated by cAMP (Epac) reversibly perturbs myocyte Ca(2+) homeostasis, slows myocardial action potential conduction, and exerts pro-arrhythmic effects. Loose patch-clamp studies, preserving in vivo extracellular and intracellular conditions, investigated Na(+) current in intact cardiomyocytes in murine atrial and ventricular preparations following Epac activation. Depolarising steps to varying test voltages activated typical voltage-dependent Na(+) currents...
October 12, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020746/proteomic-landscape-of-the-primary-somatosensory-cortex-upon-sensory-deprivation
#18
Koen Kole, Rik G H Lindeboom, Marijke P A Baltissen, Pascal W T C Jansen, Michiel Vermeulen, Paul Tiesinga, Tansu Celikel
Experience-dependent plasticity (EDP) powerfully shapes neural circuits by inducing long-lasting molecular changes in the brain. Molecular mechanisms of EDP have been traditionally studied by identifying single or small subsets of targets along the biochemical pathways that link synaptic receptors to nuclear processes. Recent technological advances in large-scale analysis of gene transcription and translation now allow systematic observation of thousands of molecules simultaneously. Here we employed label-free quantitative mass spectrometry to address experience-dependent changes in the proteome after sensory deprivation of the primary somatosensory cortex...
October 1, 2017: GigaScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992353/glomerular-mannose-binding-lectin-deposition-in-intrinsic-antigen-related-membranous-nephropathy
#19
Norifumi Hayashi, Keiichirou Okada, Yuki Matsui, Keiji Fujimoto, Hiroki Adachi, Hideki Yamaya, Misao Matsushita, Hitoshi Yokoyama
Background: The M-type phospholipase A2 receptor (PLA2R) and thrombospondin type-1 domain-containing 7A (THSD7A) were identified as intrinsic antigens in primary membranous nephropathy (MN). Complement activation via the lectin pathway in intrinsic antigen-related MN is still unclear. Methods: We retrospectively enrolled 60 primary Japanese MN patients and detected activated complement pathways by staining complement proteins in glomerular deposition. According to the findings of PLA2R and THSD7A staining in glomeruli, they were classified into intrinsic antigen-related or -unrelated MN...
July 18, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983655/mechanistic-understanding-of-phenyllactic-acid-mediated-inhibition-of-quorum-sensing-and-biofilm-development-in-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#20
Maitrayee Chatterjee, Sharon D'Morris, Vinod Paul, Sruthi Warrier, Anil Kumar Vasudevan, Muralidharan Vanuopadath, Sudarslal Sadasivan Nair, Bindhu Paul-Prasanth, C Gopi Mohan, Raja Biswas
Pseudomonas aeruginosa depends on its quorum sensing (QS) system for its virulence factors' production and biofilm formation. Biofilms of P. aeruginosa on the surface of indwelling catheters are often resistant to antibiotic therapy. Alternative approaches that employ QS inhibitors alone or in combination with antibiotics are being developed to tackle P. aeruginosa infections. Here, we have studied the mechanism of action of 3-Phenyllactic acid (PLA), a QS inhibitory compound produced by Lactobacillus species, against P...
October 5, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
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