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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231788/the-2018-inter-agency-field-manual-on-reproductive-health-in-humanitarian-settings-revising-the-global-standards
#1
Angel M Foster, Dabney P Evans, Melissa Garcia, Sarah Knaster, Sandra Krause, Therese McGinn, Sarah Rich, Meera Shah, Hannah Tappis, Erin Wheeler
Since the 1990s, the Inter-agency field manual on reproductive health in humanitarian settings (IAFM) has provided authoritative guidance on reproductive health service provision during different phases of complex humanitarian emergencies. In 2018, the Inter-Agency Working Group on Reproductive Health in Crises will release a new edition of this global resource. In this article, we describe the collaborative and inter-sectoral revision process and highlight major changes in the 2018 IAFM. Key revisions to the manual include repositioning unintended pregnancy prevention within and explicitly incorporating safe abortion care into the Minimum Initial Service Package (MISP) chapter, which outlines a set of priority activities to be implemented at the outset of a humanitarian crisis; stronger guidance on the transition from the MISP to comprehensive sexual and reproductive health services; and the addition of a logistics chapter...
December 12, 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231697/health-education-assistance-loan-heal-program-final-rule
#2
(no author information available yet)
On July 1, 2014, the HEAL Program was transferred from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to the U.S. Department of Education (the Department). To reflect this transfer and to facilitate the servicing of all HEAL loans that are currently held by the Department, the Secretary adds the HEAL Program regulations to the Department's chapter in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR).
November 15, 2017: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230317/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-a-universal-screening-and-referral-protocol-for-gender-based-violence-with-women-seeking-care-in-health-clinics-in-dadaab-refugee-camps-in-kenya
#3
A Vu, A L Wirtz, S Bundgaard, A Nair, G Luttah, S Ngugi, N Glass
Background: Gender-based violence (GBV) is both a global public health problem and violation of human rights. Refugees and internally displaced persons experience an increased risk of GBV and health outcomes associated with GBV are often exacerbated in conflict settings. Methods: A mixed methods study to examine the feasibility and acceptability of universal screening for GBV in a refugee population in the Dadaab refugee camp of Kenya, using the ASIST-GBV from January to July 2015...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230312/internet-and-mobile-technologies-addressing-the-mental-health-of-trauma-survivors-in-less-resourced-communities
#4
REVIEW
J I Ruzek, C M Yeager
Internet and mobile technologies offer potentially critical ways of delivering mental health support in low-resource settings. Much evidence indicates an enormous negative impact of mental health problems in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), and many of these problems are caused, or worsened, by exposure to wars, conflicts, natural and human-caused disasters, and other traumatic events. Though specific mental health treatments have been found to be efficacious and cost-effective for low-resource settings, most individuals living in these areas do not have access to them...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229713/patterns-of-physician-retirement-and-pre-retirement-activity-a-population-based-cohort-study
#5
Lindsay Hedden, M Ruth Lavergne, Kimberlyn M McGrail, Michael R Law, Lucy Cheng, Megan A Ahuja, Morris L Barer
BACKGROUND: Knowing when physicians retire and how they practise in the pre-retirement years is important information for health human resource planning. We identified patterns of retirement for physicians in British Columbia and the determinants of when and how physicians retire. METHODS: For this population-based retrospective cohort study, we used administrative data to examine activity levels and to identify retirements among BC's practising physicians. We included all physicians who were at least 50 years of age as of March 2006 and who had received payments for clinical services in at least 1 year between 2005/06 and 2011/12...
December 11, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229451/more-clinical-mimics-of-infant-botulism
#6
Jessica M Khouri, Jessica R Payne, Stephen S Arnon
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the actual diagnoses of 76 patients (2005-2015) whose clinical presentations so closely resembled infant botulism that the patients were treated with Human Botulism Immune Globulin Intravenous (BIG-IV; BabyBIG), but whose illnesses subsequently were not laboratory confirmed as infant botulism ("clinical mimics" of infant botulism). STUDY DESIGN: The California Department of Public Health produces BIG-IV and distributes it nationwide as a public service (ie, not-for-profit) orphan drug to treat patients hospitalized with suspected infant botulism...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226789/the-emotional-distress-of-asylum-seekers-in-israel-and-the-characteristics-of-those-seeking-psychiatric-versus-medical-help
#7
Naama Kiat, Rafael Youngmann, Ido Lurie
Israel has become a destination for asylum seekers. Asylum seekers often experience emotional distress, but have limited access to health services and rarely use psychiatric services. This study sought to understand and characterize the use of psychiatric versus medical services by asylum seekers in Israel. We compared the emotional distress, stressful life events and previous treatment consultations of 21 psychiatric service users (PSU) and 55 medical service users (MSU) at the Open Clinic of Physicians for Human Rights in Tel-Aviv...
October 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225961/land-use-climate-and-water-resources-global-stages-of-interaction
#8
Sujay S Kaushal, Arthur J Gold, Paul M Mayer
Land use and climate change can accelerate the depletion of freshwater resources that support humans and ecosystem services on a global scale. Here, we briefly review studies from around the world, and highlight those in this special issue. We identify stages that characterize increasing interaction between land use and climate change. During the first stage, hydrologic modifications and the built environment amplify overland flow via processes associated with runoff-dominated ecosystems (e.g., soil compaction, impervious surface cover, drainage, and channelization)...
October 24, 2017: Water
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224409/intellectual-property-considerations-for-molecular-diagnostic-development-with-emphasis-on-companion-diagnostics
#9
Harry Glorikian, Richard Jeremy Warburg, Kelly Moore, Jennifer Malinowski
The development of molecular diagnostics is a complex endeavor, with multiple regulatory pathways to consider and numerous approaches to development and commercialization. Companion diagnostics, devices which are "essential for the safe and effective use of a corresponding drug or diagnostic product" (see U.S. Food & Drug Administration, In Vitro Diagnostics - Companion Diagnostics, U.S. Dept. of Health & Human Services(2016), available at https://www.fda.gov/medicaldevices/productsandmedicalprocedures/invitrodiagnostics/ucm407297...
December 9, 2017: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223965/advancing-prevention-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-through-point-of-care-testing-target-product-profiles-and-landscape-analysis
#10
Igor Toskin, Maurine Murtagh, Rosanna W Peeling, Karel Blondeel, Joanna Cordero, James Kiarie
OBJECTIVES: Advancing the field of point-of-care testing (POCT) for STIs can rapidly and substantially improve STI control and prevention by providing targeted, essential STI services (case detection and screening). POCT enables definitive diagnosis and appropriate treatment in a single visit and home and community-based testing. METHODS: Since 2014, the WHO Department of Reproductive Health and Research, in collaboration with technical partners, has completed four landscape analyses of promising diagnostics for use at or near the point of patient care to detect syphilis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, Trichomonas vaginalis and the human papillomavirus...
December 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223050/a-simple-rapid-and-stability-indicating-validated-method-for-quantification-of-lamotrigine-in-human-plasma-and-dry-plasma-spot-using-lc-esi-ms-ms-application-in-clinical-study
#11
Kuldeep Kumar Namdev, Jaya Dwivedi, Deepak Chandra Chilkoti, Swapnil Sharma
Lamotrigine (LTZ) is a phenyltriazine derivative which belongs to anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) class and prescribed as mono- or adjunctive-therapy in treatment of epilepsy. Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) of AEDs provides a valid clinical tool in optimization of overall therapy. However, TDM is challenging due to the high biological samples (plasma/blood) storage/shipment costs and the limited availability of laboratories providing TDM services. Sampling in the form of dry plasma spot (DPS) or dry blood spot (DBS) are suitable alternative to overcome these issues...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220436/nutrichem-2-0-exploring-the-effect-of-plant-based-foods-on-human-health-and-drug-efficacy
#12
Yueqiong Ni, Kasper Jensen, Irene Kouskoumvekaki, Gianni Panagiotou
http://sbb.hku.hk/services/NutriChem-2.0/.
January 1, 2017: Database: the Journal of Biological Databases and Curation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220393/process-service-quality-evaluation-based-on-dempster-shafer-theory-and-support-vector-machine
#13
Feng-Que Pei, Dong-Bo Li, Yi-Fei Tong, Fei He
Human involvement influences traditional service quality evaluations, which triggers an evaluation's low accuracy, poor reliability and less impressive predictability. This paper proposes a method by employing a support vector machine (SVM) and Dempster-Shafer evidence theory to evaluate the service quality of a production process by handling a high number of input features with a low sampling data set, which is called SVMs-DS. Features that can affect production quality are extracted by a large number of sensors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220365/a-novel-methodology-for-strengthening-human-rights-based-monitoring-in-public-health-family-planning-indicators-as-an-illustrative-example
#14
Sofia Gruskin, Laura Ferguson, Shubha Kumar, Alexandra Nicholson, Moazzam Ali, Rajat Khosla
OBJECTIVE: The last few years have seen a rise in the number of global and national initiatives that seek to incorporate human rights into public health practice. Nonetheless, a lack of clarity persists regarding the most appropriate indicators to monitor rights concerns in these efforts. The objective of this work was to develop a systematic methodology for use in determining the extent to which indicators commonly used in public health capture human rights concerns, using contraceptive services and programmes as a case study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219105/impact-of-extreme-weather-events-and-climate-change-for-health-and-social-care-systems
#15
REVIEW
Sarah Curtis, Alistair Fair, Jonathan Wistow, Dimitri V Val, Katie Oven
This review, commissioned by the Research Councils UK Living With Environmental Change (LWEC) programme, concerns research on the impacts on health and social care systems in the United Kingdom of extreme weather events, under conditions of climate change. Extreme weather events considered include heatwaves, coldwaves and flooding. Using a structured review method, we consider evidence regarding the currently observed and anticipated future impacts of extreme weather on health and social care systems and the potential of preparedness and adaptation measures that may enhance resilience...
December 5, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219097/analysis-of-the-impact-of-healthcare-support-initiatives-for-physically-disabled-people-on-their-access-to-care-in-the-city-of-saint-louis-senegal
#16
Diarra Bousso Senghor, Oumar Diop, Issa Sombié
BACKGROUND: People with disabilities represent approximately 6% of the Senegalese population. They face significant barriers to accessing health care. Although several initiatives have been implemented to improve access to health care for this vulnerable population, few studies have examined the effects of these initiatives. We conducted a mixed methods study in three neighborhoods in Saint-Louis City (Senegal) to assess the impact of health systems and social assistance programs aimed at improving access to health care for people with disabilities...
December 4, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219086/measurement-and-analysis-of-inequality-of-opportunity-in-access-of-maternal-and-child-health-care-in-togo
#17
Yacobou Sanoussi
BACKGROUND: Access to maternal and child health care in low- and middle-income countries such as Togo is characterized by significant inequalities. Most studies in the Togolese context have examined the total inequality of health and the determinants of individuals' health. Few empirical studies in Togo have focused on inequalities of opportunity in maternal and child health. To fill this gap, we estimated changes in inequality of opportunity in access to maternal and child health services between 1998 and 2013 using data from Togo Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS)...
December 4, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218728/a-service-concept-and-tools-to-improve-maternal-and-newborn-health-in-nigeria-and-uganda
#18
Mariana Salgado, Melanie Wendland, Damaris Rodriguez, Meghan A Bohren, Olufemi T Oladapo, Olubunmi A Ojelade, Kidza Mugerwa, Bukola Fawole
OBJECTIVE: The "Better Outcomes in Labor Difficulty" (BOLD) project used a service design process to design a set of tools to improve quality of care during childbirth by strengthening linkages between communities and health facilities in Nigeria and Uganda. This paper describes the Passport to Safer Birth concept and the tools developed as a result. METHODS: Service design methods were used to identify facilitators and barriers to quality care, and to develop human-centered solutions...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218714/using-a-service-design-model-to-develop-the-passport-to-safer-birth-in-nigeria-and-uganda
#19
Mariana Salgado, Melanie Wendland, Damaris Rodriguez, Meghan A Bohren, Olufemi T Oladapo, Olubunmi A Ojelade, Adebimpe A Olalere, Ronald Luwangula, Kidza Mugerwa, Bukola Fawole
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate how a human-centered service design approach can generate practical tools for good-quality childbirth care in low-resource settings. METHODS: As part of the WHO "Better Outcomes in Labour Difficulty" (BOLD) project, a service design approach was used in eight Ugandan and Nigerian health facilities and communities to develop the "Passport to Safer Birth." There are three phases: Research for Design, Concept Design, and Detail Design. These generated design principles, design archetype personas, and Passport prototypes...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218711/defining-quality-of-care-during-childbirth-from-the-perspectives-of-nigerian-and-ugandan-women-a-qualitative-study
#20
Meghan A Bohren, Musibau A Titiloye, David Kyaddondo, Erin C Hunter, Olufemi T Oladapo, Özge Tunçalp, Josaphat Byamugisha, Akinpelu O Olutayo, Joshua P Vogel, A Metin Gülmezoglu, Bukola Fawole, Kidza Mugerwa
OBJECTIVE: To explore what "quality of care" means to childbearing women in Nigeria and Uganda, as a means of ensuring that women's voices and opinions are prioritized when developing interventions to improve quality in maternity care provision. METHODS: Qualitative methods, with a purposive sample of women in Nigeria and Uganda. Participants were asked to define quality of care and to provide examples of when it was and was not provided. Thematic analysis was used to synthesize findings based on an a priori framework (the WHO quality of care framework)...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
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