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Pei-Ching Wu, Shu-Ling Tzeng, Chung-Ke Chang, Ya-Fen Kao, Michael J Waring, Ming-Hon Hou
Small-molecule compounds that target mismatched base pairs in DNA offer a novel prospective for cancer diagnosis and therapy. The potent anticancer antibiotic echinomycin functions by intercalating into DNA at CpG sites. Surprisingly, we found that the drug strongly prefers to bind to consecutive CpG steps separated by a single T:T mismatch. The preference appears to result from enhanced cooperativity associated with the binding of the second echinomycin molecule. Crystallographic studies reveal that this preference originates from the staggered quinoxaline rings of the two neighboring antibiotic molecules that surround the T:T mismatch forming continuous stacking interactions within the duplex...
May 8, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
Yu Xu, James McSally, Ioan Andricioaei, Hashim M Al-Hashimi
In naked duplex DNA, G-C and A-T Watson-Crick base pairs exist in dynamic equilibrium with their Hoogsteen counterparts. Here, we used nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) relaxation dispersion and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations to examine how Watson-Crick/Hoogsteen dynamics are modulated upon recognition of duplex DNA by the bisintercalator echinomycin and monointercalator actinomycin D. In both cases, DNA recognition results in the quenching of Hoogsteen dynamics at base pairs involved in intermolecular base-specific hydrogen bonds...
April 16, 2018: Nature Communications
Klara Janjić, Umar Alhujazy, Andreas Moritz, Hermann Agis
OBJECTIVE: Angiopoietin-like 4 (Angptl4) is an angiogenesis modulating signaling factor and as such involved in blood vessel formation but also in hard tissue resorption. Here we hypothesized that the hypoxia mimetic agent L-mimosine (L-MIM) and hypoxia stimulate the production of Angptl4 in the dental pulp. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Monolayer and spheroid cultures of primary human dental pulp-derived cells (DPC) were treated with L-MIM or hypoxia. Furthermore, tooth slice cultures were performed...
January 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
Junna Yamaguchi, Tetsuhiro Tanaka, Hisako Saito, Seitaro Nomura, Hiroyuki Aburatani, Hironori Waki, Takashi Kadowaki, Masaomi Nangaku
Obesity is a risk factor for many diseases including diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular disease, and chronic kidney disease. Obesity is characterized by the expansion of white adipose tissue (WAT). Hypertrophy and hyperplasia of adipocytes cause tissue hypoxia followed by inflammation and fibrosis. Its trigger, preadipocyte differentiation into mature adipocytes, is finely regulated by transcription factors, signal molecules, and cofactors. We found that echinomycin, a potent HIF-1 inhibitor, completely inhibited adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 WAT preadipocytes by affecting the early phase of mitotic clonal expansion...
July 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
Y T Candace Ho, Daniel J Leng, Francesca Ghiringhelli, Ina Wilkening, Dexter P Bushell, Otto Köstner, Elena Riva, Judith Havemann, Daniele Passarella, Manuela Tosin
Chemical probes were devised and evaluated for the capture of biosynthetic intermediates involved in the bio-assembly of the nonribosomal peptide echinomycin. Putative intermediate peptide species were isolated and characterised, providing fresh insights into pathway substrate flexibility and paving the way for novel chemoenzymatic approaches towards unnatural peptides.
June 27, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Klara Janjić, Michael Edelmayer, Andreas Moritz, Hermann Agis
BACKGROUND: Angiogenin is a key molecule in the healing process which has been successfully applied in the field of regenerative medicine. The role of angiogenin in dental pulp regeneration is unclear. Here we aimed to reveal the impact of the hypoxia mimetic agent L-mimosine (L-MIM) and hypoxia on angiogenin in the dental pulp. METHODS: Human dental pulp-derived cells (DPC) were cultured in monolayer and spheroid cultures and treated with L-MIM or hypoxia. In addition, tooth slice organ cultures were applied to mimic the pulp-dentin complex...
May 25, 2017: BMC Oral Health
Yushi Yao, Lei Wang, Jihao Zhou, Xinyou Zhang
BACKGROUND: Acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) remains a major obstacle against favorable clinical outcomes following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). T helper cells including Th17 play key roles in aGVHD pathogenesis. Donor regulatory T cell (Tregs) adoptive therapy reduces aGVHD without weakening graft-versus-leukemia effect (GVL) in both mouse and human, although the purification and ex vivo expansion of Tregs in clinical scenarios remain costly and technically demanding...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
Yun-Sung Lim, Wonjae Cha, Min-Woo Park, Woo-Jin Jeong, Soon-Hyun Ahn
BACKGROUND: Tumor hypoxia induces hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF1α), which can influence tumorigenesis and metastasis. We evaluated the expression of HIF1α and the effect of HIF1α inhibitors in adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: HIF1α expression was demonstrated in ACC cell lines (ACC2 and ACCM). The effect of HIF1α inhibitors was evaluated. A systemic metastasis model was developed. The number of metastatic pulmonary nodules were analyzed...
2017: Anticancer Research
Yusuke Nagamine, Kentaro Tojo, Takuya Yazawa, Shunsuke Takaki, Yasuko Baba, Takahisa Goto, Kiyoyasu Kurahashi
Alveolar epithelial injury and increased alveolar permeability are hallmarks of acute respiratory distress syndrome. Apoptosis of lung epithelial cells via the Fas/Fas ligand (FasL) pathway plays a critical role in alveolar epithelial injury. Activation of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1 by inhibition of prolyl hydroxylase domain proteins (PHDs) is a possible therapeutic approach to attenuate apoptosis and organ injury. Here, we investigated whether treatment with dimethyloxalylglycine (DMOG), an inhibitor of PHDs, could attenuate Fas/FasL-dependent apoptosis in lung epithelial cells and lung injury...
December 2016: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
Marina Dal'Bó Pelegrini, Juliana Biar Pereira, Solange Dos Santos Costa, Myriam Janeth Salazar Terreros, Adriana Degrossoli, Selma Giorgio
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether hypoxia inducible factor (HIF-1α) targeting pharmacological drugs, echinomycin, resveratrol and CdCl2 which inhibit HIF-1α stimulation, and mimosine, which enhances the stability of HIF-1α present antileishmanial properties. METHODS: The leishmanicidal effect of drugs was evaluated in mouse macrophages and Balb/c mouse model for cutaneous leishmaniosis. RESULTS: Resveratrol and CdCl2 reduced the parasite load [IC50, (27...
July 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Thorsten Jentzsch, Stefan M Zimmermann, Flora Nicholls, Paolo Cinelli, Hans-Peter Simmen, Clément M L Werner
BACKGROUND: There is a need for effective drugs in the prevention and treatment of heterotopic ossifications (HO) after fractures. Echinomycin has been shown to prevent formation of HO in an animal model. However, before it may be considered as an option against HO, it needs to be studied whether it prevents fracture healing similar to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS). Therefore, the hypothesis was that echinomycin prevents fracture healing and callus formation. METHODS: In an experimental murine pilot study, standard blunt femur fractures were induced and retrograde intramedullary compression fixation of the femur was performed...
2016: Patient Safety in Surgery
Kozo Hattori, Kota Koike, Kensuke Okuda, Tasuku Hirayama, Masahiro Ebihara, Mei Takenaka, Hideko Nagasawa
Triostin A is a biosynthetic precursor of echinomycin which is one of the most potent hypoxia inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) inhibitors. An improved solution-phase synthesis of triostin A on a preparative scale has been achieved in 17.5% total yield in 13 steps. New analogues of triostin A with various aromatic chromophores, oxidized intra-peptide disulfide bridges and diastereoisomeric cyclic depsipeptide cores were also successfully synthesized. All analogues had a significant inhibitory effect on HIF-1 transcriptional activation in hypoxia and cytotoxicity on MCF-7 cells, with the exception of the derivatives containing a naphthalene chromophore or a thiosulfonate bridge...
February 14, 2016: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
Tomoko Tsuzuki, Hidetaka Okada, Hisayuu Shindoh, Kayo Shimoi, Akemi Nishigaki, Hideharu Kanzaki
Recent evidence points to a possible role for hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1 in the pathogenesis and development of endometriosis. The objectives of this study were to investigate the critical role of HIF-1 in endometriosis and the effect of the HIF-1 inhibitor echinomycin on human ectopic endometriotic stromal cells (eESCs). Ectopic endometriotic tissues were obtained from 20 patients, who received an operation for ovarian endometriomas. We examined vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) production, HIF-1 expression, cell proliferation and apoptosis of eESCs...
2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
Xin Zhen, Ting Gong, Fu Liu, Pei-Cheng Zhang, Wan-Qi Zhou, Yan Li, Ping Zhu
Quinomycin G (1), a new analogue of echinomycin, together with a new cyclic dipeptide, cyclo-(l-Pro-4-OH-l-Leu) (2), as well as three known antibiotic compounds tirandamycin A (3), tirandamycin B (4) and staurosporine (5), were isolated from Streptomyces sp. LS298 obtained from a marine sponge Gelliodes carnosa. The planar and absolute configurations of compounds 1 and 2 were established by MS, NMR spectral data analysis and Marfey's method. Furthermore, the differences in NMR data of keto-enol tautomers in tirandamycins were discussed for the first time...
November 2015: Marine Drugs
Josipa Matić, Lidija-Marija Tumir, Marijana Radić Stojković, Ivo Piantanida
Interactions between DNA/RNA and huge variety of peptides are quite common in nature, controlling vast number of processes. Also, there are several naturally occurring small molecules which contain peptide and DNA intercalator in structure, whereby their biological activity is based on synergistic interactions of both components; for instance bis-intercalator echinomycin. Versatility of synthetic approaches to short peptides allowed their usage as simple recognition units within the DNA or RNA grooves or as backbone carriers for variety of bioactive substituents attached to amino acid side chains, one of very popular examples being PNAs...
2016: Current Protein & Peptide Science
X Y Pan, Z H Zhang, L X Wu, Z C Wang
The corpus luteum is a temporary endocrine structure in mammals that plays an important role in the female reproductive cycle and is formed from a ruptured and ovulated follicle with rapid angiogenesis. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is thought to be vital in normal and abnormal angiogenesis in the ovary, but the molecular regulation of luteal VEGF expression during corpus luteum development in vivo is still poorly understood at present. Therefore, we examined whether hypoxia-inducible factor-1a (HIF-1a) is induced and regulates VEGF expression and luteal function in vivo using a pseudopregnant rat model treated with a small-molecule inhibitor of HIF-1a, echinomycin...
2015: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Lixiang Wu, Zhenghong Zhang, Xiaoyan Pan, Zhengchao Wang
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is vital in normal and abnormal angiogenesis in the ovary, particularly during the early development of the corpus luteum in the ovary. However, the molecular regulation of the expression VEGF during luteal development in vivo remains to be fully elucidated. As the expression of VEGF is mediated by hypoxia‑inducible factor (HIF)‑1α in luteal cells cultured in vitro, determined in our previous study, the present study was performed to confirm the hypothesis that HIF‑1α is induced and then regulates the expression of VEGF and VEGF‑dependent luteal development/function in vivo...
November 2015: Molecular Medicine Reports
Arash Boroumand Nasr, Deepika Ponnala, Someshwar Rao Sagurthi, Ramesh Kumar Kattamuri, Vijaya Kumar Marri, Suresh Gudala, Chandana Lakkaraju, Srinivas Bandaru, Anuraj Nayarisseri
UNLABELLED: Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a key regulator of cell growth, proliferation and angiogenesis. mTOR signaling is frequently hyper activated in a broad spectrum of human cancers thereby making it a potential drug target. The current drugs available have been successful in inhibiting the mTOR signaling, nevertheless, show low oral bioavailability and suboptimal solubility. Considering the narrow therapeutic window of the available inhibitors, through computational approaches, the present study pursues to identify a compound with optimal oral bioavailability and better solubility properties in addition ensuing high affinity between FKBP12 and FRB domain of mTOR...
2015: Bioinformation
Satoshi Kambayashi, Masaya Igase, Kosuke Kobayashi, Ayana Kimura, Takako Shimokawa Miyama, Kenji Baba, Shunsuke Noguchi, Takuya Mizuno, Masaru Okuda
Hypoxic conditions in various cancers are believed to relate with their malignancy, and hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) has been shown to be a major regulator of the response to low oxygen. In this study, we examined HIF-1α expression in canine lymphoma using cell lines and clinical samples and found that these cells expressed HIF-1α. Moreover, the HIF-1α inhibitors, echinomycin, YC-1 and 2-methoxyestradiol, suppressed the proliferation of canine lymphoma cell lines. In a xenograft model using NOD/scid mice, echinomycin treatment resulted in a dose-dependent regression of the tumor...
November 2015: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Kenji Watanabe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2015: Japanese Journal of Antibiotics
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