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Diffuse Low Grade Glioma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777252/noninvasively-evaluating-the-grading-and-idh1-mutation-status-of-diffuse-gliomas-by-three-dimensional-pseudo-continuous-arterial-spin-labeling-and-diffusion-weighted-imaging
#1
Tingting Liu, Guang Cheng, Xiaowei Kang, Yibin Xi, Yuanqiang Zhu, Kai Wang, Chao Sun, Jing Ye, Ping Li, Hong Yin
PURPOSE: To noninvasively evaluate the value of three-dimensional pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling (3D pCASL) and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in diffuse gliomas grading as well as isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) 1 mutation status. METHODS: Fifty-six patients with pathologically confirmed diffuse gliomas with preoperative 3D pCASL and DWI were enrolled in this study. The Student's t test and Mann-Whitney U test were used to evaluate differences in parameters of DWI and 3D pCASL between low and high grade as well as between mutant and wild-type IDH1 diffuse gliomas; receiver operator characteristic (ROC) analysis was used to assess the diagnostic performance...
May 18, 2018: Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755716/automatic-semantic-segmentation-of-brain-gliomas-from-mri-images-using-a-deep-cascaded-neural-network
#2
Shaoguo Cui, Lei Mao, Jingfeng Jiang, Chang Liu, Shuyu Xiong
Brain tumors can appear anywhere in the brain and have vastly different sizes and morphology. Additionally, these tumors are often diffused and poorly contrasted. Consequently, the segmentation of brain tumor and intratumor subregions using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data with minimal human interventions remains a challenging task. In this paper, we present a novel fully automatic segmentation method from MRI data containing in vivo brain gliomas. This approach can not only localize the entire tumor region but can also accurately segment the intratumor structure...
2018: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745085/significance-of-nuclear-magnetic-resonance-combined-with-ki-67-and-vegf-detection-in-the-diagnosis-and-prognosis-evaluation-of-brain-glioma
#3
Xuexia Yuan, Deguo Liu, Yanhui Wang, Xiaoxia Li
PURPOSE: To investigate the significance of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) combined with Ki-67 and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) detection in the diagnosis and prognosis evaluation of brain glioma. METHODS: 78 patients with brain glioma treated at the Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical University from January 2015 to August 2017 were studied. All patients underwent the NMR diffusion tensor imaging examination. The expressions of Ki-67 and VEGF in brain glioma tissues were detected using immunohistochemistry and survival analyses were performed for patients in high apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) group and low ADC group, high-expression Ki-67 and VEGF group and low-expression Ki-67 and VEGF group before treatment...
March 2018: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740523/use-of-preoperative-apparent-diffusion-coefficients-to-predict-brain-tumor-grade
#4
Aneela Darbar, Muhammad Waqas, Syed Faaiz Enam, Shaikh D Mahmood
Introduction The apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) sequence is based on the diffusion properties of water molecules within tissues and correlates with tissue cellularity. ADC may have a role in predicting tumor grade for gliomas, and may in turn assist in identifying tumor biopsy sites. The purpose of this investigation was to assess the competence of preoperative ADC values in predicting tumor grades. Methods This was a retrospective investigation. We calculated the ADC values in the areas of greatest restriction in solid tumor components, and we recorded the pattern of contrast enhancement...
March 7, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731887/texture-analysis-of-diffusion-weighted-imaging-for-the-evaluation-of-glioma-heterogeneity-based-on-different-regions-of-interest
#5
Shan Wang, Meng Meng, Xue Zhang, Chen Wu, Ru Wang, Jiangfen Wu, Muhammad Umair Sami, Kai Xu
The present study aimed to explore the role of texture analysis with apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps based on different regions of interest (ROI) in determining glioma grade. Thirty patients with glioma underwent diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI). ADC values were determined from the following three ROIs: i) whole tumor; ii) solid portion; and iii) peritumoral edema. Texture features were compared between high-grade gliomas (HGGs) and low-grade gliomas (LGGs) using the non-parametric Wilcoxon rank-sum test or the unpaired Student's t-test...
May 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727741/seizures-at-presentation-are-correlated-with-better-survival-outcomes-in-adult-diffuse-glioma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Xing Fan, Yucai Li, Xia Shan, Gan You, Zhifeng Wu, Zhibao Li, Hui Qiao, Tao Jiang
PURPOSE: Seizures are the most common presenting sign of patients with diffuse glioma. In the current study, we performed a meta-analysis to determine the correlation of seizures at presentation to survival outcomes in adult diffuse glioma, and the possible mechanisms were also discussed. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was performed in PUBMED, EMBASE, Web of Science and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. The pooled hazard ratio (HR) and corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI) were used to estimate effects...
April 25, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675474/brain-tumor-characterization-using-multibiometric-evaluation-of-mri
#7
Faris Durmo, Jimmy Lätt, Anna Rydelius, Silke Engelholm, Sara Kinhult, Krister Askaner, Elisabet Englund, Johan Bengzon, Markus Nilsson, Isabella M Björkman-Burtscher, Thomas Chenevert, Linda Knutsson, Pia C Sundgren
The aim was to evaluate volume, diffusion, and perfusion metrics for better presurgical differentiation between high-grade gliomas (HGG), low-grade gliomas (LGG), and metastases (MET). For this retrospective study, 43 patients with histologically verified intracranial HGG (n = 18), LGG (n = 10), and MET (n = 15) were chosen. Preoperative magnetic resonance data included pre- and post-gadolinium contrast-enhanced T1-weighted fluid-attenuated inversion recover, cerebral blood flow (CBF), cerebral blood volume (CBV), fractional anisotropy, and apparent diffusion coefficient maps used for quantification of magnetic resonance biometrics by manual delineation of regions of interest...
March 2018: Tomography: a Journal for Imaging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674411/sequential-apparent-diffusion-coefficient-for-assessment-of-tumor-progression-in-patients-with-low-grade-glioma
#8
I E Chen, N Swinburne, N M Tsankova, M M Hefti, A Aggarwal, A H Doshi, A Hormigo, B N Delman, K Nael
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Early and accurate identification of tumor progression in patients with low-grade gliomas is challenging. We aimed to assess the role of quantitative ADC analysis in the sequential follow-up of patients with low-grade gliomas as a potential imaging marker of tumor stability or progression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, patients with a diagnosis of low-grade glioma with at least 12 months of imaging follow-up were retrospectively reviewed...
April 19, 2018: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673894/anisotropy-of-anomalous-diffusion-improves-the-accuracy-of-differentiating-low-and-high-grade-cerebral-gliomas
#9
Boyan Xu, Lu Su, Zhenxiong Wang, Yang Fan, Gaolang Gong, Wenzhen Zhu, Peiyi Gao, Jia-Hong Gao
BACKGROUND: Anomalous diffusion model has been introduced and shown to be beneficial in clinical applications. However, only the directionally averaged values of anomalous diffusion parameters were investigated, and the anisotropy of anomalous diffusion remains unexplored. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the feasibility of using anisotropy of anomalous diffusion for differentiating low- and high-grade cerebral gliomas. METHODS: Diffusion MRI images were acquired from brain tumor patients and analyzed using the fractional motion (FM) model...
April 16, 2018: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666881/pathological-factors-contributing-to-crossed-cerebellar-diaschisis-in-cerebral-gliomas-a-study-combining-perfusion-diffusion-and-structural-mr-imaging
#10
Xiaoxue Liu, Jianrui Li, Qiang Xu, Dante Mantini, Peng Wang, Yuan Xie, Yifei Weng, Chiyuan Ma, Kangjian Sun, Zhiqiang Zhang, Guangming Lu
PURPOSE: To investigate imaging features of crossed cerebellar diaschisis (CCD) in cerebral gliomas, and its underlying pathophysiological mechanisms. METHODS: Thirty-three pre-surgical patients with cerebral gliomas and 33 healthy controls underwent arterial spin-labeling, diffusion tensor imaging, and high-resolution T1-weighted imaging using MRI, in order to estimate cerebral blood flow (CBF), white matter integrity, and lesion volume, respectively. Asymmetry indices of CBF in the cerebellum were used for evaluating the level of CCD in the patients...
June 2018: Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588064/the-evaluation-of-the-effects-of-steroid-treatment-on-the-tumor-and-peritumoral-edema-by-dwi-and-mr-spectroscopy-in-brain-tumors
#11
Cahit Kural, Gokce Kaan Atac, Ozkan Tehli, Ilker Solmaz, Caglar Temiz, Irgen Hodaj, Yusuf Izci
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of dexamethasone on brain tumor and peritumoral edema by different sequences of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: MRI was performed in 28 patients with brain tumor. Patients were divided into the 3 groups based on the histological diagnosis; Group I: high-grade glial tumor, Group II: low-grade glial tumor, and Group III: brain metastasis. The measurements of peritumoral edema volume and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values were performed while the peak areas of cerebral metabolites were measured by spectroscopy in groups I and II...
March 13, 2018: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573085/radiomics-strategy-for-glioma-grading-using-texture-features-from-multiparametric-mri
#12
Qiang Tian, Lin-Feng Yan, Xi Zhang, Xin Zhang, Yu-Chuan Hu, Yu Han, Zhi-Cheng Liu, Hai-Yan Nan, Qian Sun, Ying-Zhi Sun, Yang Yang, Ying Yu, Jin Zhang, Bo Hu, Gang Xiao, Ping Chen, Shuai Tian, Jie Xu, Wen Wang, Guang-Bin Cui
BACKGROUND: Accurate glioma grading plays an important role in the clinical management of patients and is also the basis of molecular stratification nowadays. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: To verify the superiority of radiomics features extracted from multiparametric MRI to glioma grading and evaluate the grading potential of different MRI sequences or parametric maps. STUDY TYPE: Retrospective; radiomics. POPULATION: A total of 153 patients including 42, 33, and 78 patients with Grades II, III, and IV gliomas, respectively...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573042/value-of-diffusion-kurtosis-imaging-in-assessing-low-grade-gliomas
#13
Mohammed Z Goryawala, Deborah O Heros, Ricardo J Komotar, Sulaiman Sheriff, Efrat Saraf-Lavi, Andrew A Maudsley
BACKGROUND: Diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) measures have been shown to provide increased sensitivity relative to diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in detecting pathologies. PURPOSE: To compare the sensitivity of DKI-derived kurtosis and diffusion maps for assessment of low-grade gliomas (LGG). STUDY TYPE: Prospective study. POPULATION: In all, 19 LGG patients and 26 healthy control subjects were recruited. FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: Echo-planar-imaging diffusion-weighted MR images (b-values = 0, 1000, and 2000 with 30 diffusion gradient directions) were acquired on a 3T scanner...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541573/spontaneous-resolution-of-a-confounding-insular-lesion
#14
Ali S Haider, Christopher S Graffeo, Avital Perry, Lucas P Carlstrom, Terry C Burns
Insular gliomas were previously considered inoperable lesions and were typically treated via biopsy, chemotherapy and/or radiation, if not observation alone. Stereotactic biopsies of low grade insular gliomas can underestimate tumor grade or fail to establish malignancy. Moreover, the survival advantages of maximal safe resection for insular lesions are increasingly being recognized. As such, early surgical resection is increasingly being performed. As with most lesions, a differential diagnosis exists for apparent insular gliomas, with definitive diagnosis generally obtained upon resection...
January 11, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522936/evaluation-of-dna-ploidy-with-intraoperative-flow-cytometry-may-predict-long-term-survival-of-patients-with-supratentorial-low-grade-gliomas-analysis-of-102-cases
#15
Akane Suzuki, Takashi Maruyama, Masayuki Nitta, Takashi Komori, Soko Ikuta, Mikhail Chernov, Manabu Tamura, Takakazu Kawamata, Yoshihiro Muragaki
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was evaluation of the prognostic significance of DNA ploidy assessed with intraoperative flow cytometry (iFC) during resection of low-grade gliomas (LGG). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 102 consecutive cases of newly diagnosed WHO grade II supratentorial gliomas, surgical removal of which was accompanied by iFC, was done. There were 46 diffuse astrocytomas (DA) and 56 oligodendrogliomas (OD). According to iFC, 68 tumors (67%) were considered non-aneuploid and 34 (33%) aneuploid...
May 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521555/improving-surgical-outcome-for-gliomas-with-intraoperative-mapping
#16
François-Xavier Ferracci, Hugues Duffau
Radical glioma resection improves overall survival, both in low-grade and high-grade glial tumors. However, preservation of the quality of life is also crucial. Areas covered: Due to the diffuse feature of gliomas, which invade the central nervous system, and due to considerable variations of brain organization among patients, an individual cerebral mapping is mandatory to solve the classical dilemma between the oncological and functional issues. Because functional neuroimaging is not reliable enough, intraoperative electrical stimulation, especially in awake patients benefiting from a real-time cognitive monitoring, is the best way to increase the extent of resection while sparing eloquent neural networks...
April 2018: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515811/relevance-of-two-manual-tumour-volume-estimation-methods-for-diffuse-low-grade-gliomas
#17
Meriem Ben Abdallah, Marie Blonski, Sophie Wantz-Mézières, Yann Gaudeau, Luc Taillandier, Jean-Marie Moureaux
Management of diffuse low-grade glioma (DLGG) relies extensively on tumour volume estimation from MRI datasets. Two methods are currently clinically used to define this volume: the commonly used three-diameters solution and the more rarely used software-based volume reconstruction from the manual segmentations approach. The authors conducted an initial study of inter-practitioners' variability of software-based manual segmentations on DLGGs MRI datasets. A panel of 13 experts from various specialties and years of experience delineated 12 DLGGs' MRI scans...
February 2018: Healthcare Technology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502292/whole-genome-expression-microarray-combined-with-machine-learning-to-identify-prognostic-biomarkers-for-high-grade-glioma
#18
Chang Shu, Qiong Wang, Xiaoling Yan, Jinhuan Wang
The aim of our study is to build a framework for a better understanding of high-grade glioma (HGG) prognostic-related biomarkers. Whole-genome gene expression microarray was performed to identify differently expressed genes between HGGs and low-grade diffuse gliomas. Several machine learning algorithms were used to filter prognostic-related genes. One hundred ninety-three HGG patients after surgical resection were selected for survival analysis. Immunohistochemistry were performed on these tumor samples to analyze IDH1 mutation status and protein expression of WEE1...
April 2018: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499963/damage-to-the-left-uncinate-fasciculus-is-associated-with-heightened-schizotypal-traits-a-multimodal-lesion-mapping-study
#19
Anne-Laure Lemaitre, Gilles Lafargue, Hugues Duffau, Guillaume Herbet
A growing body of evidence suggests that individuals with pronounced schizotypal traits also display particular neurophysiological and morphological features - notably with regard to left frontotemporal connectivity. However, the studies published to date have focused on subclinical subjects and psychiatric patients, rather than brain-damaged patients. Here, we used the French version of the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire to assess schizotypal traits in a sample of 97 patients having undergone surgical resection of a diffuse low-grade glioma...
February 27, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471670/utility-of-intravoxel-incoherent-motion-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-arterial-spin-labeling-for-recurrent-glioma-after-bevacizumab-treatment
#20
Fuminori Miyoshi, Yuki Shinohara, Atsushi Kambe, Keita Kuya, Atsushi Murakami, Masamichi Kurosaki, Toshihide Ogawa
Background Detecting recurrence of glioma on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is getting more and more important, especially after administration of new anti-tumor agent. However, it is still hard to identify. Purpose To examine the utility of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) MRI and arterial spin labeling-cerebral blood flow (ASL-CBF) for recurrent glioma after initiation of bevacizumab (BEV) treatment. Material and Methods Thirteen patients (7 men, 6 women; age range = 41-82 years) with glioma (high grade, n = 11; low grade, n = 2) were enrolled in the study...
January 1, 2018: Acta Radiologica
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