keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Psychiatry in general hospital

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30017834/frontal-lobe-cognitive-functions-and-electroencephalographic-features-in-juvenile-myoclonic-epilepsy
#1
Senem Sezikli, Tuğba Argün Pulat, Betül Tekin, Pelin Doğan Ak, Cahit Keskinkılıç, Dilek Ataklı
PURPOSE: The study aimed to examine the relationship between frontal lobe functions and interictal electroencephalography (EEG) discharge characteristics of patients with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME). METHOD: Thirty patients with JME who had EEG with asymmetrical generalized discharge (aEEG), 15 patients with JME who had EEG with symmetrical generalized discharge (sEEG), and 15 healthy controls were included in the study. To evaluate attention, the digit span and Corsi block tests were used; to evaluate memory, we applied verbal and visual memory tests; to evaluate frontal lobe functions, we used clock drawing, verbal fluency, the Stroop test, trail making, mental control, and antisaccadic eye movement tests as well as the continuous performance (CPT) tests...
July 12, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30005081/impact-of-psychotic-symptoms-on-clinical-outcomes-in-delirium
#2
Soo-Hyun Paik, Joung-Sook Ahn, Seongho Min, Ki-Chang Park, Min-Hyuk Kim
Delirium is an acute disturbance in attention and awareness in response to one or more physiological stressors that is closely related to poor clinical outcomes. The aim of this study is to investigate whether delirium patients with psychotic symptoms (PS) would have unique clinical characteristics and outcomes. A retrospective chart review was performed on the patients with delirium due to general medical conditions to assess clinical characteristics and outcomes. All patients were assessed by Delirium Rating Scale-revised-98 and classified as having PS when scored two or more on at least one of the psychotic symptom items (perceptual disturbances, delusions, and thought process abnormalities)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29973889/cross-cultural-notions-of-risk-and-liberty-a-comparison-of-involuntary-psychiatric-hospitalization-and-outpatient-treatment-in-new-york-united-states-and-zurich-switzerland
#3
Florian Hotzy, Jeff Kerner, Anke Maatz, Matthias Jaeger, Andres R Schneeberger
Involuntary hospitalization is a frequently discussed intervention physicians must sometimes execute. Because this intervention has serious implications for the citizens' civil liberties it is regulated by law. Every country's health system approaches this issue differently with regard to the relevant laws and the logistical processes by which involuntary hospitalization generally is enacted. This paper aims at analyzing the regulation and process of involuntary hospitalization in New York (United States) and Zurich (Switzerland)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902794/association-between-elevated-c-reactive-protein-and-manic-polarity-in-acute-psychiatric-inpatients-with-affective-symptomatology
#4
Nitzan Zohar, Eldar Hochman, Nachum Katz, Amir Krivoy, Abraham Weizman, Ran Barzilay
The interplay between the immune system and behaviour is of increasing interest in psychiatry research. Specifically, accumulating data points to a link between inflammation and psychopathology, including affective symptomatology. We investigated the association between inflammation and affective polarity in psychiatric inpatients who were hospitalized due to an affective exacerbation. Data was collected retrospectively and comparisons were made between manic and depressed patients. C-reactive protein (CRP), a general laboratory marker of immune activation and inflammation, was used as a non-specific inflammatory biomarker...
June 14, 2018: Neuropsychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29885269/increased-risk-of-depression-in-patients-with-cutaneous-lupus-erythematosus-and-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-danish-nationwide-cohort-study
#5
J H Hesselvig, A Egeberg, K Kofoed, G Gislason, L Dreyer
BACKGROUND: Reported prevalences of depression in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) range widely, while the prevalence of depression in cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CLE) remains severely understudied. OBJECTIVES: To examine whether patients with SLE or CLE have increased risk of depression. METHODS: In this nationwide observational cohort study, we included patients ≥ 18 years with a first-time diagnosis of SLE or CLE between 2000-2015 identified in the Danish National Patient Register matched with general population in a 1:10 ratio...
June 9, 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882463/joint-bap-napicu-evidence-based-consensus-guidelines-for-the-clinical-management-of-acute-disturbance-de-escalation-and-rapid-tranquillisation
#6
Maxine X Patel, Faisil N Sethi, Thomas Re Barnes, Roland Dix, Luiz Dratcu, Bernard Fox, Marina Garriga, Julie C Haste, Kai G Kahl, Anne Lingford-Hughes, Hamish McAllister-Williams, Aileen O'Brien, Caroline Parker, Brodie Paterson, Carol Paton, Sotiris Posporelis, David M Taylor, Eduard Vieta, Birgit Völlm, Charlotte Wilson-Jones, Laura Woods
The British Association for Psychopharmacology and the National Association of Psychiatric Intensive Care and Low Secure Units developed this joint evidence-based consensus guideline for the clinical management of acute disturbance. It includes recommendations for clinical practice and an algorithm to guide treatment by healthcare professionals with various options outlined according to their route of administration and category of evidence. Fundamental overarching principles are included and highlight the importance of treating the underlying disorder...
June 2018: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881440/suicidal-ideation-and-attempts-among-people-with-severe-mental-disorder-addis-ababa-ethiopia-comparative-cross-sectional-study
#7
Bereket Duko, Getinet Ayano
Background: People with severe mental disorders are associated with increased risk of suicide and suicide attempts compared to the general population. In low and middle-income countries, research concerning suicide attempts and completed suicide among people living with severe mental disorder is limited. The objective of this study was to assess suicide and attempts in people with severe mental disorder at Amanuel Mental Specialized Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Methods: Institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted in August-September 2016...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880047/a-clustered-controlled-trial-of-the-implementation-and-effectiveness-of-a-medical-home-to-improve-health-care-of-people-with-serious-mental-illness-study-protocol
#8
Alexander S Young, Amy N Cohen, Evelyn T Chang, Anthony W P Flynn, Alison B Hamilton, Rebecca Oberman, Merlyn Vinzon
BACKGROUND: People with serious mental illness (SMI) die many years prematurely, with rates of premature mortality two to three times greater than the general population. Most premature deaths are due to "natural causes," especially cardiovascular disease and cancer. Often, people with SMI are not well engaged in primary care treatment and do not receive high-value preventative and medical services. There have been numerous efforts to improve this care, and few controlled trials, with inconsistent results...
June 7, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872656/development-and-clinical-application-of-a-novel-autonomic-transient-response-based-screening-system-for-major-depressive-disorder-using-a-fingertip-photoplethysmographic-sensor
#9
Sumiyakhand Dagdanpurev, Guanghao Sun, Toshikazu Shinba, Mai Kobayashi, Nobutoshi Kariya, Lodoiravsal Choimaa, Suvdaa Batsuuri, Seokjin Kim, Satoshi Suzuki, Takemi Matsui
Over 350 million people across the world suffer from major depressive disorder (MDD). More than 10% of MDD patients have suicide intent, while it has been reported that more than 40% patients did not consult their doctors for MDD. In order to increase consultation rate of potential MDD patients, we developed a novel MDD screening system which can be used at home without help of health-care professionals. Using a fingertip photoplethysmograph (PPG) sensor as a substitute of electrocardiograph (ECG), the system discriminates MDD patients from healthy subjects using autonomic nerve transient responses induced by a mental task (random number generation) via logistic regression analysis...
2018: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864761/approach-to-emergencies-in-schizophrenia-in-university-hospital-vrap%C3%A4-e
#10
Ante Silić, Aleksandar Savić, Ilaria Čulo, Suzana Kos, Jakša Vukojević, Daška Brumen, DraŽenka Ostojić
BACKGROUND: An emergency in psychiatric setting is any disorder in thought process, feelings and/or behavior of the patient that requires urgent therapeutic intervention. In general, we can observe an increase in numbers of psychiatric emergencies throughout the world and in Croatia as well. Agitation and aggression are one of the most common causes of emergency in psychiatry. Agitation is common and frequent in patients suffering from schizophrenia. Patient can be agitated in various levels such as: mild, moderate or severe and can alternate between these levels in the same presentation...
June 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864758/electroconvulsive-therapy-general-considerations-and-experience-in-croatia
#11
Alma Mihaljević-Peleš, Maja Bajs Janović, Ana Stručić, Marina Šagud, Milena Skočić HanŽek, Maja Živković, Špiro Janović
Despite controversy, ECT has been recognized as significantly effective for the treatment of mental disorders since 1938, when Cerletti and Bini introduced ECT in clinical psychiatric practice for treatment of schizophrenia. In the next period, indication for ECT switched more toward depression and catatonia. ECT was even banned from psychiatric training in 1960's, due to the anti-psychiatric movement, which were fortified by Oscar winning movie "One Flew over the Cuckoo's Nest". Due to its robust effectiveness, ECT revived in the early 1980's and today holds its position in clinical psychiatric practices around the world...
June 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860873/race-alcohol-and-general-paralysis-emil-kraepelin-s-comparative-psychiatry-and-his-trips-to-java-1904-and-north-america-1925
#12
Eric J Engstrom, Ivan Crozier
This article examines Emil Kraepelin's notion of comparative psychiatry and relates it to the clinical research he conducted at psychiatric hospitals in South-East Asia (1904) and the USA (1925). It argues that his research fits awkwardly within the common historiographic narratives of colonial psychiatry. It also disputes claims that his work can be interpreted meaningfully as the fons et origio of transcultural psychiatry. Instead, it argues that his comparative psychiatry was part of a larger neo-Lamarckian project of clinical epidemiology and was thus primarily a reflection of his own long-standing diagnostic practices and research agendas...
April 1, 2018: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796968/recommendations-for-the-use-of-ect-in-pregnancy-literature-review-and-proposed-clinical-protocol
#13
Heather Burrell Ward, John A Fromson, Joseph J Cooper, Gildasio De Oliveira, Marcela Almeida
Psychiatric disorders are common in pregnancy, affecting 15-29% of pregnant women. Untreated depression has negative health consequences for mother and fetus. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is an effective option for the treatment of severe depression, high suicide risk, catatonia, medication-resistant illness, psychotic agitation, severe physical decline, and other life-threatening conditions. To our knowledge, however, there is no literature that consolidates all the evidence on maternal and fetal risks associated with untreated depression, medications, and ECT then translating it into one cohesive protocol that could serve as a management guide and a source of reassurance to health-care providers involved in such practice...
May 23, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754478/methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-contamination-of-phlebotomy-tourniquets-and-faucets
#14
T Abeywickrama, K Amarasinghe, S Wijerathne, C Dharmaratne, D Fernando, B C Senaratna, H A K M Gunasekera
Introduction: Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is transmitted through direct contact or fomites. The most important means of nosocomial spread is by hospital personnel. However, fomites are being increasingly recognized as sources of nosocomial infection. Objectives: Our aim was to describe the MRSA contamination rate of phlebotomy tourniquets and faucets in a tertiary care hospital and to compare the contamination of plastic tourniquets with that of fabric tourniquets...
March 31, 2018: Ceylon Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736130/applicability-evaluation-of-simplified-cognitive-behavioral-therapy
#15
Li Zhang, Zhipei Zhu, Fang Fang, Yuan Shen, Na Liu, Chunbo Li
Background: We have developed a structured cognitive behavioral therapy manual for anxiety disorder in China, and the present study evaluated the applicability of simplified cognitive behavioral therapy based on our previous research. Aims: To evaluate the applicability of simplified cognitive behavioral therapy (SCBT) on generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) by conducting a multi-center controlled clinical trial. Methods: A multi-center controlled clinical trial of SCBT was conducted on patients with GAD, including institutions specializing in mental health and psychiatry units in general hospitals...
April 25, 2018: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704421/functioning-of-the-various-forms-of-mental-health-care-in-poland-in-the-years-2010-2013-organizational-economic-and-financial-aspects
#16
Mira Lisiecka-Biełanowicz, Daria Biechowska, Dorota Cianciara
OBJECTIVES: The main objective of the study was to verify the hypothesis about the high growth rate of expenditure on the provision of mental health in the past few years. High dynamics of the expenditure increase will result in the development of a model of community psychiatry and a gradual move away from the hospital psychiatric treatment towards mental health care in the open system, including the community one. METHODS: This research is based on data on the implementation of services for mental health care in the framework of agreements with the National Health Fund, which has been collected in the NFZ IT system...
February 28, 2018: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701596/voluntary-or-involuntary-acute-psychiatric-hospitalization-in-norway-a-24h-follow-up-study
#17
Kjetil Hustoft, Tor Ketil Larsen, Kolbjørn Brønnick, Inge Joa, Jan Olav Johannessen, Torleif Ruud
The Norwegian Mental Health Care Act states that patients who are involuntarily admitted to a hospital must be reevaluated by a psychiatrist or a specialist in clinical psychology within 24h to assess whether the patient fulfills the legal criteria for the psychiatric status and symptoms. International research on the use of coercive hospitalization in psychiatry is scarce, and an investigation of Norway's routine re-evaluation of involuntarily referred patients may expand knowledge about this aspect of psychiatric treatment...
January 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682383/polysubstance-and-behavioral-addictions-in-a-patient-with-bipolar-disorder-role-of-lifetime-subthreshold-autism-spectrum
#18
Liliana Dell'Osso, Ciro Conversano, Martina Corsi, Carlo A Bertelloni, Ivan M Cremone, Barbara Carpita, Manuel G Carbone, Camilla Gesi, Claudia Carmassi
This case report draws attention to the potential relevance of undetected autism spectrum symptoms in a bipolar patient with high work functioning showing a peculiar addictive profile with impulsive and antisocial behaviors. A 23-year-old man with a diagnosis of Bipolar Disorder (BD) and Substance Use Disorder (SUD) was hospitalized at the Psychiatric Clinic of the University of Pisa for diuretics and β -2 adrenergic agonist abuse in a remission phase of benzodiazepines and substance abuse. He reported a history of behavioral addictions in the framework of a global high work functioning with particular skills in computer science...
2018: Case Reports in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673720/-study-of-parental-bonding-in-childhood-in-children-and-adolescents-with-anorexia-nervosa
#19
A M H Albinhac, F A M Jean, M P Bouvard
INTRODUCTION: Anorexia nervosa constitutes a severe and complex eating disorder occurring principally in adolescence. It is one of the most deadly psychiatric disorders. Considering the multifactorial nature of anorexia nervosa, the important place of the family and the growing interest in the theory of attachment in eating disorders, parental bonding is questioned in anorexia nervosa. The main study goal is to analyze parental bonding in a population of children and adolescents with anorexia nervosa...
April 16, 2018: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628294/the-inpatient-assessment-and-management-of-motor-functional-neurological-disorders-an-interdisciplinary-perspective
#20
Kathleen McKee, Sean Glass, Caitlin Adams, Christopher D Stephen, Franklin King, Kristin Parlman, David L Perez, Nicholas Kontos
BACKGROUND: Motor functional neurologic disorders (FND)-previously termed "hysteria" and later "conversion disorder"-are exceedingly common and frequently encountered in the acute hospital setting. Despite their high prevalence, patients with motor FND can be challenging to diagnose accurately and manage effectively. To date, there is limited guidance on the inpatient approach to the neuropsychiatric evaluation of patients with functional (psychogenic) neurologic symptoms...
July 2018: Psychosomatics
keyword
keyword
108054
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"