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Psychiatry in general hospital

Halis Ulaş, Havva Afşaroğlu, İbrahim Tolga Binbay
OBJECTIVE: Mobbing at work has become an alarming phenomenon worldwide. The prevalence of mobbing among women is higher than among men. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship of mobbing as a psychosocial stress in the workplace with general psychopathology and psychotic experiences among women. METHOD: 428 women from the Medical Faculty of Dokuz Eylul University were included in the study. Of the 428 women, 139 were doctors, 190 were nurses, and 99 were sub-contracted employees...
2018: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
Andrew Walker, Jessica Rose Barrett, William Lee, Robert M West, Elspeth Guthrie, Peter Trigwell, Alan Quirk, Mike J Crawford, Allan House
OBJECTIVES: To describe the current provision of hospital-based liaison psychiatry services in England, and to determine different models of liaison service that are currently operating in England. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study comprising an electronic survey followed by targeted telephone interviews. SETTING: All 179 acute hospitals with an emergency department in England. PARTICIPANTS: 168 hospitals that had a liaison psychiatry service completed an electronic survey...
September 1, 2018: BMJ Open
Abdulbari Bener, Elnour E Dafeeah, Mohammed T Abou-Saleh, Dinesh Bhugra, Antonio Ventriglio
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric co-morbidity is a common condition, partly due to the overlap of symptoms in the categorical diagnosis of mental disorders. The co-occurrence of schizophrenia (SZ) and obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a common and challenging co-morbid condition. Also, the relationship between SZ and OCD remains unclear. AIM: The aim of this study was to describe the co-morbidity of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) among schizophrenia (SZ) patients and compare clinical characteristics of schizophrenia patients with versus without comorbid OCD...
August 18, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Chloé Le Cossec, Maud Giacopelli, Sophie de Chambine
OBJECTIVE: To identify and classify hospital-community cooperation activities between Greater Paris University Hospitals (GPUH) and community health professionals. METHODS: A declarative survey was conducted in GPUH clinical departments, which were asked to describe their activities with community health professionals, the type of community professionals involved (e.g. general practitioners, nurses) and a full description of the activity. Activities were classified by the three authors with consistency checks...
March 2018: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
Ali Vafaee-Najar, Mohammadreza Amiresmaeili, Mahmoud Nekoei-Moghadam, Seyed Saeed Tabatabaee
BACKGROUND: One of the effective strategies in the fair distribution of human resources is the use of estimation norm of human workforce. A norm is a coefficient or an indicator for estimating the required human resources in an organization. Due to the changes in the available working hours of nurses in recent years and to use of a standard method, the Iranian Ministry of Health decided to update nursing estimation norm in hospitals in 2014-2015. This study aimed to design a nurse-required estimation norm for educational and non-educational hospitals based on the workload indicator in Iran...
August 23, 2018: Human Resources for Health
L Carton, T Dondaine, S Deheul, C Marquié, F Brigadeau, A Amad, D Devos, T Danel, R Bordet, O Cottencin, S Gautier, O Ménard
OBJECTIVE: Off-label prescription is a common practice in psychiatry, raising health and economic concerns. Collegial consultation could allow a framed prescription of treatments that are not authorized in specific indications. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity in adult populations (ADHD) is a striking example of a pathology where off-label prescription is frequent. First considered to be a childhood disorder, the awareness of this condition in adults is increasing, leading to the development of new clinical practices and treatments...
August 16, 2018: L'Encéphale
Richard M Duffy, Brendan D Kelly
India's new mental health legislation, the Mental Healthcare Act, 2017, was commenced on 29 May 2018 and seeks explicitly to comply with the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. It grants a legally binding right to mental healthcare to over 1.3 billion people, one sixth of the planet's population. Key measures include (a) new definitions of 'mental illness' and 'mental health establishment'; (b) revised consideration of 'capacity' in relation to mental healthcare (c) 'advance directives' to permit persons with mental illness to direct future care; (d) 'nominated representatives', who need not be family members; (e) the right to mental healthcare and broad social rights for the mentally ill; (f) establishment of governmental authorities to oversee services; (g) Mental Health Review Boards to review admissions and other matters; (h) revised procedures for 'independent admission' (voluntary admission), 'supported admission' (admission and treatment without patient consent), and 'admission of minor'; (i) revised rules governing treatment, restraint and research; and (j) de facto decriminalization of suicide...
August 16, 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
Kathryn Berzins, John Baker, Mark Brown, Rebecca Lawton
BACKGROUND: Establishing patient safety priorities in psychiatry has received less international attention than in other areas of health care. This study aimed to identify safety issues as described by people in the United Kingdom identifying as mental health service users, carers and professionals. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey was distributed via social media. Identified safety issues were mapped onto the Yorkshire Contributory Factors Framework (YCFF) which categorizes factors that contribute to patient safety incidents in general hospital settings...
August 17, 2018: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
Peter J Koehler
With few exceptions, neurology in Europe as well as in the United States emerged from internal medicine and psychiatry, and neurology and psychiatry in particular have long remained connected in clinical practice and teaching. When the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology (ABPN, 1934) and the American Academy of Neurology (AAN, 1948) were founded, the emancipation of neurology as an independent specialty was still evolving. During the First International Neurological Congress (Berne, Switzerland, in September 1931), a special conference was organized on the "Relation of Neurology to General Medicine and Psychiatry in Universities and Hospitals of the Various Countries," at which representatives from several countries described the situation in their countries...
July 2018: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
Mattias Strand, Manne Sjöstrand
Self-admission to inpatient treatment is a novel approach that aims to increase agency and autonomy for patients with severe psychiatric illness and a history of high utilization of inpatient care. By focusing on brief, preventive hospital admissions in times of increased risk of relapse, self-admission seeks to reduce the need for prolonged episodes of inpatient treatment. Participants are generally satisfied with the model, which is not surprising given that self-admission programs allocate a scarce resource-hospital beds-to a select group...
August 14, 2018: Bioethics
Divya Hegde, Priya Sreedaran, Johnson Pradeep
Context: In India, psychiatrist is an important point of helpseeking for sexual complaints. A detailed sexual history can go a long way in understanding sexual difficulties. In this background, there is inadequate information on the difficulties that psychiatry postgraduate trainees experience while taking a sexual history as part of a routine mental health evaluation. Aims: The aim was to study the difficulties experienced by postgraduate psychiatry trainees while taking sexual history as a part of routine mental health evaluation...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Christine T Finn, Devendra Thakur, Katherine M Shea, Natalie B V Riblet, H Benjamin Lee, Gena Heng, Robert Scott, Todd S Gardner, Susan Randlett, Teri LaRock, Nadee Siriwardana, Gilbert Green, William C Torrey
INTRODUCTION: Numerous studies have demonstrated that psychiatric and substance use issues in general hospital inpatients result in increased length of stay and associated costs. Additional studies have demonstrated that proactive consultation models in psychiatry can effectively address these problems. Selecting patients for proactive interventions is less well studied. We sought to develop an automated, electronic medical record based screening tool to select patients who might benefit from proactive psychiatric consultation...
May 17, 2018: Psychosomatics
Anna Rebecca Mattinson, Sarah Jane Cheeseman
Delivering high quality care in acute psychiatry requires a coordinated approach from a multidisciplinary team (MDT). Weekly ward rounds are an important forum for reviewing a patient's progress and developing a personalised care plan for the coming week. In general medicine, structured ward rounds and check lists have been shown to prevent omissions and improve patient safety; however, they are not widely used in psychiatry. At the Royal Edinburgh Hospital, the format of ward rounds differed between psychiatry wards and clinical teams, and care plans were not standardised...
2018: BMJ open quality
Senem Sezikli, Tuğba Argün Pulat, Betül Tekin, Pelin Doğan Ak, Cahit Keskinkılıç, Dilek Ataklı
PURPOSE: The study aimed to examine the relationship between frontal lobe functions and interictal electroencephalography (EEG) discharge characteristics of patients with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME). METHOD: Thirty patients with JME who had EEG with asymmetrical generalized discharge (aEEG), 15 patients with JME who had EEG with symmetrical generalized discharge (sEEG), and 15 healthy controls were included in the study. To evaluate attention, the digit span and Corsi block tests were used; to evaluate memory, we applied verbal and visual memory tests; to evaluate frontal lobe functions, we used clock drawing, verbal fluency, the Stroop test, trail making, mental control, and antisaccadic eye movement tests as well as the continuous performance (CPT) tests...
September 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Soo-Hyun Paik, Joung-Sook Ahn, Seongho Min, Ki-Chang Park, Min-Hyuk Kim
Delirium is an acute disturbance in attention and awareness in response to one or more physiological stressors that is closely related to poor clinical outcomes. The aim of this study is to investigate whether delirium patients with psychotic symptoms (PS) would have unique clinical characteristics and outcomes. A retrospective chart review was performed on the patients with delirium due to general medical conditions to assess clinical characteristics and outcomes. All patients were assessed by Delirium Rating Scale-revised-98 and classified as having PS when scored two or more on at least one of the psychotic symptom items (perceptual disturbances, delusions, and thought process abnormalities)...
2018: PloS One
Florian Hotzy, Jeff Kerner, Anke Maatz, Matthias Jaeger, Andres R Schneeberger
Involuntary hospitalization is a frequently discussed intervention physicians must sometimes execute. Because this intervention has serious implications for the citizens' civil liberties it is regulated by law. Every country's health system approaches this issue differently with regard to the relevant laws and the logistical processes by which involuntary hospitalization generally is enacted. This paper aims at analyzing the regulation and process of involuntary hospitalization in New York (United States) and Zurich (Switzerland)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Nitzan Zohar, Eldar Hochman, Nachum Katz, Amir Krivoy, Abraham Weizman, Ran Barzilay
The interplay between the immune system and behaviour is of increasing interest in psychiatry research. Specifically, accumulating data points to a link between inflammation and psychopathology, including affective symptomatology. We investigated the association between inflammation and affective polarity in psychiatric inpatients who were hospitalized due to an affective exacerbation. Data was collected retrospectively and comparisons were made between manic and depressed patients. C-reactive protein (CRP), a general laboratory marker of immune activation and inflammation, was used as a non-specific inflammatory biomarker...
2017: Neuropsychobiology
J H Hesselvig, A Egeberg, K Kofoed, G Gislason, L Dreyer
BACKGROUND: There is a wide range in the reported prevalences of depression in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), while the prevalence of depression in patients with cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CLE) remains severely understudied. OBJECTIVES: To examine whether patients with SLE or CLE have an increased risk of depression. METHODS: In this nationwide observational cohort study, we included patients aged ≥ 18 years with a first-time diagnosis of SLE or CLE between 2000 and 2015 identified in the Danish National Patient Register, which were matched with the general population in a ratio of 1 : 10...
June 9, 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
Maxine X Patel, Faisil N Sethi, Thomas Re Barnes, Roland Dix, Luiz Dratcu, Bernard Fox, Marina Garriga, Julie C Haste, Kai G Kahl, Anne Lingford-Hughes, Hamish McAllister-Williams, Aileen O'Brien, Caroline Parker, Brodie Paterson, Carol Paton, Sotiris Posporelis, David M Taylor, Eduard Vieta, Birgit Völlm, Charlotte Wilson-Jones, Laura Woods
The British Association for Psychopharmacology and the National Association of Psychiatric Intensive Care and Low Secure Units developed this joint evidence-based consensus guideline for the clinical management of acute disturbance. It includes recommendations for clinical practice and an algorithm to guide treatment by healthcare professionals with various options outlined according to their route of administration and category of evidence. Fundamental overarching principles are included and highlight the importance of treating the underlying disorder...
June 2018: Journal of Psychopharmacology
Bereket Duko, Getinet Ayano
Background: People with severe mental disorders are associated with increased risk of suicide and suicide attempts compared to the general population. In low and middle-income countries, research concerning suicide attempts and completed suicide among people living with severe mental disorder is limited. The objective of this study was to assess suicide and attempts in people with severe mental disorder at Amanuel Mental Specialized Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Methods: Institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted in August-September 2016...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
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