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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713689/relation-of-binge-eating-disorder-with-impulsiveness-in-obese-individuals
#1
Cenk Ural, Hasan Belli, Mahir Akbudak, Ali Solmaz, Zuhal Dogan Bektas, Fatih Celebi
AIM: To investigate the levels of impulsiveness, and the relationship between the binge eating disorder (BED) and the levels of impulsiveness in obese individuals. METHODS: Two hundred and forty-one obese patients who were included in the study and candidate for bariatric surgery (weight loss surgery) were clinically interviewed to identify the BED group, and patients were divided into two groups: Those with BED and those without BED. The comorbidity rate of groups was determined by using structured clinical interview for DSM-IV (SCID-I)...
June 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700014/predictors-of-length-of-stay-in-an-acute-psychiatric-inpatient-facility-in-a-general-hospital-a-prospective-study
#2
Fernanda L Baeza, Neusa S da Rocha, Marcelo P Fleck
Objective: There have been significant reductions in numbers of psychiatric beds and length of stay (LOS) worldwide, making LOS in psychiatric beds an interesting outcome. The objective of this study was to find factors measurable on admission that would predict LOS in the acute psychiatric setting. Methods: This was a prospective, observational study. Results: Overall, 385 subjects were included. The median LOS was 25 days. In the final model, six variables explained 14...
July 6, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696434/when-should-governments-increase-the-supply-of-psychiatric-beds
#3
S Allison, T Bastiampillai, J Licinio, D A Fuller, N Bidargaddi, S S Sharfstein
Low numbers of hospital-based psychiatric beds create problems for people with severe mental illness (SMI), when they face extended emergency department (ED) waits, higher thresholds for admission to an acute bed, and short revolving-door stays with high rates of rehospitalisation. Limited access to inpatient treatment has been associated with higher suicide risk, premature mortality, homelessness, violent crime and incarceration. Ultimately, people with SMI can be transinstitutionalised to the criminal justice system...
July 11, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693879/profiles-of-the-patient-who-had-compulsory-hospitalization-in-a-district-psychiatric-hospital
#4
Nalan Gördeles Beşer, Leyla Baysan Arabaci, Satı Bozkurt, Gülçin Uzunoğlu, Gülsenay Taş
OBJECTIVE: It aims to examine the profiles of patients who were treated with compulsory hospitalization between 2011 and 2015 in a district psychiatric hospital. METHOD: In this retrospective and cohort study, hospital records gathered from 202 adult patients who were treated with compulsory hospitalization in units with a bed between 2011 and 2015 in a district psychiatric hospital were examined. In this study, profiles and socio-demographic features of the patients with compulsory hospitalization were evaluated by 23 closed-end and open-ended questions prepared by researchers...
August 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686491/falling-through-the-cracks-the-decline-of-mental-health-care-and-firearm-violence
#5
John Meszaros
BACKGROUND: This paper argues that the decline in the availability of long-term, intensive mental health services, particularly through state mental health hospital systems, has had negative impacts on firearm-related deaths and possibly on the incidence of mass shooting events. AIMS: Establish the effect of reduced availability of long-term, intensive mental health treatment on firearm-related violence in the United States. METHOD: Ordinary least squares regressions on cross-sectional data of US states...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686333/ehealth-provides-a-novel-opportunity-to-exploit-the-advantages-of-the-nordic-countries-in-psychiatric-genetic-research-building-on-the-public-health-care-system-biobanks-and-registries
#6
REVIEW
Ole A Andreassen
Nordic countries have played an important role in the recent progress in psychiatric genetics, both with large well-characterized samples and expertise. The Nordic countries have research advantages due to the organization of their societies, including system of personal identifiers, national health registries with information about diseases, treatment and prescriptions, and a public health system with geographical catchment areas. For psychiatric genetic research, the large biobanks and population surveys are a unique added value...
July 7, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682231/g%C3%A3-n%C3%A3-tique-et-%C3%A3-pig%C3%A3-n%C3%A3-tique-des-troubles-des-conduites-alimentaires
#7
Nicolas Ramoz, Julia Clarke, Philip Gorwood
Eating disorders (EDs) are complex and multifactorial psychiatric illnesses that induce significant and sustained pathological disruption of food intake. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Illnesses (DSM-5) describes the clinical criteria of major disorders including anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED). The neurobiological basis of food intake is well characterized. Epidemiological studies reported a heritability about 70% in AN and 60% in BN, suggesting that genetic factors are involved in the vulnerability to EDs...
2017: Biologie Aujourd'hui
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657115/monosynaptic-retrograde-tracing-of-neurons-expressing-the-g-protein-coupled-receptor-gpr151-in-the-mouse-brain
#8
Jonas Broms, Matilda Grahm, Lea Haugegaard, Thomas Blom, Konstantinos Meletis, Anders Tingström
GPR151 is a G-protein coupled receptor for which the endogenous ligand remains unknown. In the nervous system of vertebrates, its expression is enriched in specific diencephalic structures, where the highest levels are observed in the habenular area. The habenula has been implicated in a range of different functions including behavioral flexibility, decision making, inhibitory control and pain processing, which makes it a promising target for treating psychiatric and neurological disease. This study aimed to further characterize neurons expressing the Gpr151 gene, by tracing the afferent connectivity of this diencephalic cell population...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Comparative Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647537/variation-in-compulsory-psychiatric-inpatient-admission-in-england-a-cross-classified-multilevel-analysis
#9
Scott Weich, Orla McBride, Liz Twigg, Craig Duncan, Patrick Keown, David Crepaz-Keay, Eva Cyhlarova, Helen Parsons, Jan Scott, Kamaldeep Bhui
BACKGROUND: The increasing rate of compulsory admission to psychiatric inpatient beds in England is worrying. Studying variation between places and services could be key to identifying targets for interventions to reverse this trend. We modelled spatial variation in compulsory admissions in England using national patient-level data and quantified the extent to which patient, local-area, and service-setting characteristics accounted for this variation. METHODS: This study is a cross-sectional, multilevel analysis of the 2010-11 Mental Health Minimum Data Set (MHMDS)...
June 21, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637535/routine-hospital-management-of-self-harm-and-risk-of-further-self-harm-propensity-score-analysis-using-record-based-cohort-data
#10
S Steeg, R Emsley, M Carr, J Cooper, N Kapur
BACKGROUND: The care received by people presenting to hospital following self-harm varies and it is unclear how different types of treatment affect risk of further self-harm. METHOD: Observational cohort data from the Manchester Self-Harm Project, UK, included 16 456 individuals presenting to an Emergency Department with self-harm between 2003 and 2011. Individuals were followed up for 12 months. We also used data from a smaller cohort of individuals presenting to 31 hospitals in England during a 3-month period in 2010/2011, followed up for 6 months...
June 22, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614559/suicide-rates-and-the-declining-psychiatric-hospital-bed-capacity-in-the-united-states
#11
Robert D Gibbons, Kwan Hur, J John Mann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580647/diagnosis-specific-self-image-predicts-longitudinal-suicidal-ideation-in-adult-eating-disorders
#12
Mikael Andersén, Andreas Birgegård
OBJECTIVE: Eating disorders (ED) are prevalent, serious illnesses with elevated mortality, mainly attributable to suicide. Predictors of suicidality include binge/purge symptomatology, impulsivity, and psychiatric comorbidity, as well as personality factors. Recent research has also shown self-image (the Structural Analysis of Social Behavior, SASB, model) to predict manifest suicide attempts in ED, and the study explored suicide risk prediction to increase knowledge of warning signs and intervention targets...
June 5, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573365/-home-treatment-for-people-with-acute-mental-illnesses
#13
REVIEW
U Hepp, N Stulz
Home treatment has been proposed as an alternative to acute psychiatric inpatient treatment. Health insurance systems in Germany and in Switzerland hinder the nationwide implementation of home treatment teams into mental health systems, although the German S3 guidelines for psychosocial treatments of severe mental illnesses recommend provision of acute care at home. Evidence for home treatment is positive, yet there are only few up-to-date studies from Europe and differential indication criteria are lacking...
June 1, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573362/resource-utilization-in-emergency-department-patients-with-known-or-suspected-poisoning
#14
Stephen J Traub, Soroush Saghafian, Matthew R Buras, M'Hamed Temkit
INTRODUCTION: Previous work has shown poisoning-related emergency department (ED) visits are increasing, and these visits are resource-intensive. Little is known, however, about how resource utilization for patients with known or suspected poisoning differs from that of general ED patients. METHODS: We reviewed 4 years of operational data at a single ED. We identified visits due to known or suspected poisoning (index cases), and paired them with time-matched controls...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Toxicology: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511773/psychiatric-patient-length-of-stay-in-the-emergency-department-following-closure-of-a-public-psychiatric-hospital
#15
Ryan K Misek, Ashley D Magda, Samantha Margaritis, Robert Long, Erik Frost
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric patient boarding in the emergency department (ED) is a ubiquitous problem associated with increased morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: We evaluate the effect of closing a public psychiatric facility in a major metropolitan area on the ED length of stay (LOS) of psychiatric patients. METHODS: This was a retrospective chart review at two metropolitan EDs of all patients assessed to require inpatient psychiatric hospitalization...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499575/childhood-enuresis-current-diagnostic-formulations-salient-findings-and-effective-treatment-modalities
#16
REVIEW
Steven Thurber
Enuresis constitutes a frequently encountered problem area for children that may adversely affect social and emotional adjustment. This type of incontinence has been of concern to the human family for centuries. A brief history of enuresis is presented followed by current conceptualizations, diagnostic criteria, prevalence rates and psychiatric comorbidities. Historic notions of causation together with ineffective, sometimes barbaric treatments are then discussed, ending with a presentation of evidence-based treatment modalities, with the urine alarm being an essential element of effective treatment...
June 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495813/trends-in-the-supply-of-california-s-emergency-departments-and-inpatient-services-2005-2014-a-retrospective-analysis
#17
Jessica L Chow, Matthew J Niedzwiecki, Renee Y Hsia
OBJECTIVES: Given increasing demand for emergency care, there is growing concern over the availability of emergency department (ED) and inpatient resources. Existing studies of ED bed supply are dated and often overlook hospital capacity beyond ED settings. We described recent statewide trends in the capacity of ED and inpatient hospital services from 2005 to 2014. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: Using California hospital data, we examined the absolute and per admission changes in ED beds and inpatient beds in all hospitals from 2005 to 2014...
May 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474141/inpatient-profile-of-patients-with-major-depression-in-portuguese-national-health-system-hospitals-in-2008-and-2013-variation-in-a-time-of-economic-crisis
#18
Daniel Francisco Santos Rodrigues, Carla Nunes
The economic crisis has placed Portugal in a situation of budgetary constraints with repercussions on mental health, since 2009. This study analyses the association between economic crisis and the inpatient profile of major depression in the working-age population in Portuguese National Health System hospitals. This was an observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study. An individual analysis of hospitalisation and an ecological analysis at district level, were performed before 2008 and during the crisis (2013)...
May 4, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449671/effects-of-an-educational-intervention-on-oral-hygiene-and-self-care-among-people-with-mental-illness-in-japan-a-longitudinal-study
#19
Hatsumi Yoshii, Nobutaka Kitamura, Kouhei Akazawa, Hidemitsu Saito
BACKGROUND: The oral hygiene of patients with a mental illness is an important concern in psychiatric care, and it is necessary to increase the level of self-care among these patients. In this study, we administered an oral care questionnaire to people with mental illness in Japan and compared their answers before (baseline) and at 1 week and 1, 3 and 6 months after they participated in an educational program. METHODS: The questionnaire was distributed to 390 patients...
April 27, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436130/sleep-complaints-associated-with-wish-to-die-after-a-suicide-crisis-an-exploratory-study
#20
Anca Mirsu-Paun, Isabelle Jaussent, Giovanni Komar, Philippe Courtet, Jorge Lopez-Castroman
The present study explores whether sleep concerns are associated with wish to die throughout a 1-month time interval following a suicide crisis. Sixty-eight patients admitted to the emergency department of a general or psychiatric hospital were enrolled. Sleep difficulties were assessed using the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, self-reported satisfaction with sleep and time in bed. Suicidal ideation was assessed through the presence of a wish to die at 1 month following a suicide crisis...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
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