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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869209/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-an-aftercare-service-vs-treatment-as-usual-for-patients-with-severe-mental-disorders
#1
Eshagh Barfar, Vandad Sharifi, Homayoun Amini, Yasaman Mottaghipour, Masud Yunesian, Mehdi Tehranidoost, Payam Sobhebidari, Arash Rashidian
BACKGROUND: There have been claims that community mental health principles leads to the maintenance of better health and functioning in patients and can be more economical for patients with severe and chronic mental disorders. Economic evaluation studies have been used to assess the cost-effectiveness of national health programs, or to propose efficient strategies for health care delivery. AIMS OF THE STUDY: The current study is intended to test the cost-effectiveness of an Aftercare Service when compared with Treatment-As-Usual for patients with severe mental disorders in Iran...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843527/factors-associated-with-the-trend-of-physical-and-chemical-restraint-use-among-long-term-care-facility-residents-in-hong-kong-data-from-an-11-year-observational-study
#2
Kuen Lam, Joseph S K Kwan, Chi Wai Kwan, Alice M L Chong, Claudia K Y Lai, Vivian W Q Lou, Angela Y M Leung, Justina Y W Liu, Xue Bai, Iris Chi
BACKGROUND: Negative effects of restraint use have been well-documented. However, the prevalence of restraints use has been high in long-term care facilities in Hong Kong compared with other countries and this goes against the basic principles of ethical and compassionate care for older people. The present study aimed to review the change in the prevalence of physical and chemical restraint use in long-term care facilities (LTCFs) over a period of 11 years in Hong Kong and to identify the major factors associated with their use...
August 23, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841578/psychiatric-presentations-during-all-4-phases-of-the-lunar-cycle
#3
Omar J Francis, Bryan J Kopke, Anthony J Affatato, Robert W Jarski
Context • Anecdotal evidence concerning a relationship between human illnesses and a full moon is frequently claimed by as many as 81% of mental health workers. Previous scientific investigations have studied only the full-moon phase and its possible effect on psychiatric presentations. However, information is limited about all 4 phases of the lunar cycle and their effects on different types of psychiatric disorders. Objective • This study primarily intended to evaluate the number of psychiatric presentations to a hospital's emergency department across all 4 phases of the lunar cycle...
July 2017: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839939/how-mental-health-service-systems-are-organized-may-affect-the-rate-of-acute-admissions-to-specialized-care-report-from-a-natural-experiment-involving-5338-admissions
#4
Lars Henrik Myklebust, Knut Sørgaard, Rolf Wynn
OBJECTIVES: Studies on the dynamics between service organization and acute admissions to psychiatric specialized care have given ambiguous results. We studied the effect of several variables, including service organization, coercion, and patient characteristics on the rate of acute admissions to psychiatric specialist services. In a natural experiment-like study in Norway, we compared a "deinstitutionalized" and a "locally institutionalized" model of mental health services. One had only community outpatient care and used beds at a large Central Mental Hospital; the other also had small bed-units at the local District Psychiatric Centre...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836964/evaluation-of-a-peer-delivered-transitional-and-post-discharge-support-program-following-psychiatric-hospitalisation
#5
Justin Newton Scanlan, Nicola Hancock, Anne Honey
BACKGROUND: The time following discharge from psychiatric hospitalisation is a high risk period. Rates of hospital readmission are high and there is increased risk for homelessness and suicide. Transitional and post-discharge support programs have demonstrated positive results in terms of enhanced wellbeing, improved connection with community-based services and, in some cases, reductions in hospital re-admission. This paper reports on the outcomes of a peer-delivered post-discharge support program...
August 24, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800807/the-changing-health-policy-environment-and-behavioral-health-services-delivery
#6
REVIEW
Laura N Medford-Davis, Rakel C Beall
Deinstitutionalization has left an inadequate supply of inpatient psychiatric beds. Simultaneous cuts to public funding and insurance coverage for outpatient mental health treatment have increased the frequency of acute psychiatric crises. The resulting lack of available options has shifted the burden of treatment to emergency departments and the criminal justice system. Recent legislation has improved insurance access, but rules are not always enforced and there are still few options for care. Discussion of mental health care delivery must acknowledge that many emergent behavioral health crises arise in the context of acute substance intoxication, withdrawal, or dependence...
September 2017: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767928/trends-in-the-prescription-of-clozapine-in-a-psychiatric-hospital-a-5-year-observational-study
#7
Gabriela Danielski Niehues, Alexandre Balestieri Balan, Vinicius Brum Prá, Raphaela Santos Pellizzaro, Paulo Roberto Antunes da Silva, Manuela Danielski Niehues, Ana Paula Costa, Marcelo Liborio Schwarzbold, Alexandre Paim Diaz
Introduction: Clozapine is a well-recognized effective treatment for some patients with treatment-resistant schizophrenia (TRS). Although it has potential benefits and approximately 30% of patients have a clinical indication for clozapine use, prescription rates are low. Objective: To evaluate clozapine prescription trends over a 5-year period in a tertiary psychiatric hospital. Methods: In this observational study, data prospectively collected by the Medical and Statistical File Service (Serviço de Arquivo Médico e Estatístico) and the Pharmacy Division of Instituto de Psiquiatria de Santa Catarina between January 2010 and December 2014 were summarized and analyzed by investigators blinded to data collection...
July 31, 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767016/personality-disorders-and-psychological-functioning-among-latina-women-with-eating-disorders
#8
Alyssa M Minnick, Fary M Cachelin, Ramani S Durvasula
Little is known about personality disorders (PD) and comorbidities among Latinas with eating disorders (ED). The dysregulation and chronicity of PDs can complicate and augment the symptomatology of EDs. This set of analyses provides a preliminary examination of PD and psychopathology in a sample of Latina women with ED. Participants (N = 34) were administered the Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, Eating Disorders Examination, and Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III to assess personality pathology, and questionnaires (Beck Depression Inventory-II and Brief Symptom Inventory) to assess psychological functioning...
July 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754070/the-milieu-manager-a-nursing-staffing-strategy-to-reduce-observer-use-in-the-acute-psychiatric-inpatient-setting
#9
Patrick Triplett, Sandra Dearholt, Mary Cooper, John Herzke, Erin Johnson, Joyce Parks, Patricia Sullivan, Karin F Taylor, Judith Rohde
BACKGROUND: Rising acuity levels in inpatient settings have led to growing reliance on observers and increased the cost of care. OBJECTIVES: Minimizing use of observers, maintaining quality and safety of care, and improving bed access, without increasing cost. DESIGN: Nursing staff on two inpatient psychiatric units at an academic medical center pilot-tested the use of a "milieu manager" to address rising patient acuity and growing reliance on observers...
July 1, 2017: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748710/national-suicide-prevention-local-mental-health-resources-and-suicide-rates-in-japan
#10
Miharu Nakanishi, Kaori Endo
BACKGROUND: Suicide rates in Japan are relatively high in OECD countries. A national fund to help local authorities implement suicide prevention programs was launched in 2009. The national suicide prevention project was transferred from the Cabinet Office to the Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare on April 2016, with a greater focus on mental health promotion by local governments. AIMS: The aim of the present study was to (a) identify local authorities' implementation of suicide prevention programs in terms of local health policies, and (b) examine the associations between local health resources and suicide rates in Japan...
July 27, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742977/victoria-s-low-availability-of-public-psychiatric-beds-and-the-impact-on-patients-carers-and-staff
#11
Stephen Allison, Tarun Bastiampillai, David Castle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737982/knocking-on-prison-s-door-a-10-fold-rise-in-the-number-of-psychotic-prisoners-in-finland-during-the-years-2005-2016
#12
Alo Jüriloo, Lauri Pesonen, Hannu Lauerma
BACKGROUND: As in many European countries, Finnish psychiatric services experienced a rapid process of deinstitutionalization in the 1990s. In recent decades, the decrease in numbers of psychiatric hospital beds has in several countries been found to be linked with increasing criminality among severely mentally ill individuals. It has been concluded that deinstitutionalization could be the main reason for this development. AIM: To investigate whether the prevalence of severely mentally ill persons to prison is a growing trend also in Finland...
July 24, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713689/relation-of-binge-eating-disorder-with-impulsiveness-in-obese-individuals
#13
Cenk Ural, Hasan Belli, Mahir Akbudak, Ali Solmaz, Zuhal Dogan Bektas, Fatih Celebi
AIM: To investigate the levels of impulsiveness, and the relationship between the binge eating disorder (BED) and the levels of impulsiveness in obese individuals. METHODS: Two hundred and forty-one obese patients who were included in the study and candidate for bariatric surgery (weight loss surgery) were clinically interviewed to identify the BED group, and patients were divided into two groups: Those with BED and those without BED. The comorbidity rate of groups was determined by using structured clinical interview for DSM-IV (SCID-I)...
June 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700014/predictors-of-length-of-stay-in-an-acute-psychiatric-inpatient-facility-in-a-general-hospital-a-prospective-study
#14
Fernanda L Baeza, Neusa S da Rocha, Marcelo P Fleck
Objective: There have been significant reductions in numbers of psychiatric beds and length of stay (LOS) worldwide, making LOS in psychiatric beds an interesting outcome. The objective of this study was to find factors measurable on admission that would predict LOS in the acute psychiatric setting. Methods: This was a prospective, observational study. Results: Overall, 385 subjects were included. The median LOS was 25 days. In the final model, six variables explained 14...
July 6, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696434/when-should-governments-increase-the-supply-of-psychiatric-beds
#15
S Allison, T Bastiampillai, J Licinio, D A Fuller, N Bidargaddi, S S Sharfstein
Low numbers of hospital-based psychiatric beds create problems for people with severe mental illness (SMI), when they face extended emergency department (ED) waits, higher thresholds for admission to an acute bed, and short revolving-door stays with high rates of rehospitalisation. Limited access to inpatient treatment has been associated with higher suicide risk, premature mortality, homelessness, violent crime and incarceration. Ultimately, people with SMI can be transinstitutionalised to the criminal justice system...
July 11, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693879/profiles-of-the-patient-who-had-compulsory-hospitalization-in-a-district-psychiatric-hospital
#16
Nalan Gördeles Beşer, Leyla Baysan Arabaci, Satı Bozkurt, Gülçin Uzunoğlu, Gülsenay Taş
OBJECTIVE: It aims to examine the profiles of patients who were treated with compulsory hospitalization between 2011 and 2015 in a district psychiatric hospital. METHOD: In this retrospective and cohort study, hospital records gathered from 202 adult patients who were treated with compulsory hospitalization in units with a bed between 2011 and 2015 in a district psychiatric hospital were examined. In this study, profiles and socio-demographic features of the patients with compulsory hospitalization were evaluated by 23 closed-end and open-ended questions prepared by researchers...
August 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686491/falling-through-the-cracks-the-decline-of-mental-health-care-and-firearm-violence
#17
John Meszaros
BACKGROUND: This paper argues that the decline in the availability of long-term, intensive mental health services, particularly through state mental health hospital systems, has had negative impacts on firearm-related deaths and possibly on the incidence of mass shooting events. AIMS: Establish the effect of reduced availability of long-term, intensive mental health treatment on firearm-related violence in the United States. METHOD: Ordinary least squares regressions on cross-sectional data of US states...
August 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686333/ehealth-provides-a-novel-opportunity-to-exploit-the-advantages-of-the-nordic-countries-in-psychiatric-genetic-research-building-on-the-public-health-care-system-biobanks-and-registries
#18
REVIEW
Ole A Andreassen
Nordic countries have played an important role in the recent progress in psychiatric genetics, both with large well-characterized samples and expertise. The Nordic countries have research advantages due to the organization of their societies, including system of personal identifiers, national health registries with information about diseases, treatment and prescriptions, and a public health system with geographical catchment areas. For psychiatric genetic research, the large biobanks and population surveys are a unique added value...
July 7, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682231/g%C3%A3-n%C3%A3-tique-et-%C3%A3-pig%C3%A3-n%C3%A3-tique-des-troubles-des-conduites-alimentaires
#19
Nicolas Ramoz, Julia Clarke, Philip Gorwood
Eating disorders (EDs) are complex and multifactorial psychiatric illnesses that induce significant and sustained pathological disruption of food intake. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Illnesses (DSM-5) describes the clinical criteria of major disorders including anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED). The neurobiological basis of food intake is well characterized. Epidemiological studies reported a heritability about 70% in AN and 60% in BN, suggesting that genetic factors are involved in the vulnerability to EDs...
2017: Biologie Aujourd'hui
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657115/monosynaptic-retrograde-tracing-of-neurons-expressing-the-g-protein-coupled-receptor-gpr151-in-the-mouse-brain
#20
Jonas Broms, Matilda Grahm, Lea Haugegaard, Thomas Blom, Konstantinos Meletis, Anders Tingström
GPR151 is a G-protein coupled receptor for which the endogenous ligand remains unknown. In the nervous system of vertebrates, its expression is enriched in specific diencephalic structures, where the highest levels are observed in the habenular area. The habenula has been implicated in a range of different functions including behavioral flexibility, decision making, inhibitory control, and pain processing, which makes it a promising target for treating psychiatric and neurological disease. This study aimed to further characterize neurons expressing the Gpr151 gene, by tracing the afferent connectivity of this diencephalic cell population...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Comparative Neurology
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