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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936778/preferential-reduction-of-circulating-innate-lymphoid-cells-type-2-in-patients-with-common-variable-immunodeficiency-with-secondary-complications-is-part-of-a-broader-immune-dysregulation
#1
David Friedmann, Baerbel Keller, Ina Harder, Jonas Schupp, Yakup Tanriver, Susanne Unger, Klaus Warnatz
PURPOSE: Over a third of patients with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) suffer from secondary complications like inflammatory organ disease, autoimmune manifestations, or lymphoproliferation contributing to increased morbidity and mortality in affected patients. Innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) have emerging roles in setting the milieu for physiological, but also pathological, immune responses and inflammation. We therefore sought to correlate the recently identified disturbed homeostasis of ILCs with alterations of the adaptive immune system in complex CVID patients (CVIDc)...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936523/mesoporous-zno-nanocapsules-for-the-induction-of-enhanced-antigen-specific-immunological-responses
#2
Sumbul Afroz, Himadri Medhi, Somedutta Maity, Gillipsie Minhas, Srikanth Battu, Jeevan Giddaluru, Koushi Kumar, Pradip Paik, Nooruddin Khan
The application of nanotechnology in vaccinology has fuelled rapid advancement towards the design and development of nanovaccines. Nanoparticles have been found to enhance vaccine efficacy through the spatiotemporal orchestration of antigen delivery to secondary lymphoid organs and antigen-presentation by Antigen Presenting Cells (APCs) synchronized with stimulation of innate and adaptive immune responses. Metal based nanoparticles (MNPs) have been extensively engineered for the generation of nanovaccines owing to their intrinsic adjuvant-like properties and immunomodulatory functions...
September 22, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936210/novel-mutations-of-the-tetratricopeptide-repeat-domain-7a-gene-and-phenotype-genotype-comparison
#3
Reyin Lien, Yung-Feng Lin, Min-Wei Lai, Hui-Ying Weng, Ren-Chin Wu, Tang-Her Jaing, Jing-Long Huang, Shih-Feng Tsai, Wen-I Lee
The gastrointestinal tract contains the largest lymphoid organ to react with pathogenic microorganisms and suppress excess inflammation. Patients with primary immunodeficiency diseases (PIDs) can suffer from refractory diarrhea. In this study, we present two siblings who began to suffer from refractory diarrhea with a poor response to aggressive antibiotic and immunosuppressive treatment after surgical release of neonatal intestinal obstruction. Their lymphocyte proliferation was low, but superoxide production and IL-10 signaling were normal...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935768/the-microanatomic-segregation-of-selection-by-apoptosis-in-the-germinal-center
#4
Christian T Mayer, Anna Gazumyan, Ervin E Kara, Alexander D Gitlin, Jovana Golijanin, Charlotte Viant, Joy Pai, Thiago Y Oliveira, Qiao Wang, Amelia Escolano, Max Medina-Ramirez, Rogier W Sanders, Michel C Nussenzweig
B cells undergo rapid cell division and affinity maturation in anatomically distinct sites in lymphoid organs called germinal centers (GCs). Homeostasis is maintained in part by B cell apoptosis. However, the precise contribution of apoptosis to GC biology and selection is not well defined. We developed apoptosis-indicator mice and used them to visualize, purify, and characterize dying GC B cells. Apoptosis is prevalent in the GC with up to half of all GC B cells dying every 6 hours. Moreover, programmed cell death is differentially regulated in the light zone (LZ) and the dark zone (DZ): LZ B cells die by default if they are not positively selected, whereas DZ cells die when their antigen receptors are damaged by activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID)...
September 21, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935599/a-novel-viral-responsive-protein-mjvrp-from-marsupenaeus-japonicus-haemocytes-is-involved-in-white-spot-syndrome-virus-infection
#5
Samia Elbahnaswy, Keiichiro Koiwai, Viola H Zaki, Adel A Shaheen, Hidehiro Kondo, Ikuo Hirono
A viral responsive protein (MjVRP) was characterized from Marsupenaeus japonicus haemocytes. In amino acid homology and phylogenetic tree analyses, MjVRP clustered in the same group with the viral responsive protein of Penaeus monodon (PmVRP15), showing 34% identity. MjVRP transcripts were mainly expressed in haemocytes and the lymphoid organ. Western blotting likewise showed that MjVRP was strongly expressed in haemocytes and the lymphoid organ. Immunostaining detected MjVRP within the cytosol next to the perinuclear region in some haemocytes...
September 18, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928124/emerging-mechanisms-of-long-noncoding-rna-function-during-normal-and-malignant-hematopoiesis
#6
Juan R Alvarez-Dominguez, Harvey F Lodish
Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are increasingly recognized as vital components of gene programs controlling cell differentiation and function. Central to their functions is an ability to act as scaffolds or as decoys that recruit or sequester effector proteins from their DNA, RNA, or protein targets. lncRNA-modulated effectors include regulators of transcription, chromatin organization, RNA processing, and translation, such that lncRNAs can influence gene expression at multiple levels. Here we review the current understanding of how lncRNAs help coordinate gene expression to modulate cell fate in the hematopoietic system...
September 19, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927305/discovery-and-application-of-immune-biomarkers-for-hematological-malignancies
#7
Dimitrios Zafeiris, Jayakumar Vadakekolathu, Sarah Wagner, Alan Graham Pockley, Graham Roy Ball, Sergio Rutella
Hematological malignancies originate and progress in primary and secondary lymphoid organs, where they establish a uniquely immune-suppressive tumour microenvironment. Although high-throughput transcriptomic and proteomic approaches are being employed to interrogate immune surveillance and escape mechanisms in patients with solid tumours, and to identify actionable targets for immunotherapy, our knowledge of the immunological landscape of hematological malignancies, as well as our understanding of the molecular circuits that underpin the establishment of immune tolerance, is not comprehensive...
September 19, 2017: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919557/synergistic-effects-of-dendritic-cell-targeting-and-laser-microporation-on-enhancing-epicutaneous-skin-vaccination-efficacy
#8
Yoan Machado, Sanne Duinkerken, Veronika Hoepflinger, Melissa Mayr, Evgeniia Korotchenko, Almedina Kurtaj, Isabel Pablos, Markus Steiner, Angelika Stoecklinger, Joyce Lübbers, Maximillian Schmid, Uwe Ritter, Sandra Scheiblhofer, Michael Ablinger, Verena Wally, Sarah Hochmann, Anna M Raninger, Dirk Strunk, Yvette van Kooyk, Josef Thalhamer, Richard Weiss
Due to its unique immunological properties, the skin is an attractive target tissue for allergen-specific immunotherapy. In our current work, we combined a dendritic cell targeting approach with epicutaneous immunization using an ablative fractional laser to generate defined micropores in the upper layers of the skin. By coupling the major birch pollen allergen Bet v 1 to mannan from S. cerevisiae via mild periodate oxidation we generated hypoallergenic Bet-mannan neoglycoconjugates, which efficiently targeted CD14+ dendritic cells and Langerhans cells in human skin explants...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917943/chronic-fluoride-exposure-exacerbates-headkidney-pathology-and-causes-immune-commotion-in-clarias-gariepinus
#9
Rashmi Singh, Md Arafat Hussain, Jai Kumar, Manmohan Kumar, Usha Kumari, Shibnath Mazumder
The current study was aimed to understand the effects of chronic fluoride exposure on fish immune system. African sharp tooth catfish (Clarias gariepinus) were exposed to 73.45mg/L of fluoride corresponding to 1/10 96h LC50 for 30 d and the effects on general fish health and several immune parameters were studied. Chronic fluoride exposure led to significant alteration in serum biochemical parameters including alkaline phosphatase, alanine transaminase, aspartate transaminase, triglycerides, cholesterol and blood urea nitrogen levels revealing the detrimental effect of fluoride on general fish health...
September 6, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912891/bioengineering-of-artificial-antigen-presenting-cells-and-lymphoid-organs
#10
REVIEW
Chao Wang, Wujin Sun, Yanqi Ye, Hunter N Bomba, Zhen Gu
The immune system protects the body against a wide range of infectious diseases and cancer by leveraging the efficiency of immune cells and lymphoid organs. Over the past decade, immune cell/organ therapies based on the manipulation, infusion, and implantation of autologous or allogeneic immune cells/organs into patients have been widely tested and have made great progress in clinical applications. Despite these advances, therapy with natural immune cells or lymphoid organs is relatively expensive and time-consuming...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892827/role-of-microbiota-in-strengthening-ocular-mucosal-barrier-function-through-secretory-iga
#11
Abirami Kugadas, Quentin Wright, Jennifer Geddes-McAlister, Mihaela Gadjeva
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate mechanisms controlling secretory IgA (SIgA) production, thereby ensuring maintenance of ocular surface health. Methods: To determine whether the presence of specific gut commensal species regulates SIgA levels and IgA transcripts in the eye-associated lymphoid tissues (EALT), specific-pathogen-free (SPF) Swiss Webster (SW) mice were treated with antibiotic cocktails, germ-free (GF) SW mice were reconstituted with diverse commensal gut microbiota, or monocolonized with gut-specific commensals...
September 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890827/primary-pancreatic-lymphoma-what-we-need-to-know
#12
REVIEW
Neda Rad, Alireza Khafaf, Amir Houshang Mohammad Alizadeh
Hodgkin's lymphoma is a group of malignant lymphoid which involve various organs including gastrointestinal tract. Stomach and small intestine are commonly involved more; however, pancreas can be primarily involved as well. The secondary involvement of pancreas caused by Hodgkin's lymphoma is more prevalent than the primarily involvement (1 .25-2.2% vs. <1%). Primary pancreatic lymphomas (PPLs) consist of 1-2% of all lymphoma outside nods. The symptoms and findings of PPL imaging can be akin to that of pancreas adenocarcinoma and differentiating them is difficult without examining the tissue sample...
August 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886177/inflammatory-and-non-inflammatory-monocytes-as-novel-prognostic-biomarkers-of-survival-in-sod1g93a-mouse-model-of-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#13
Samanta Gasco, Pilar Zaragoza, Alberto García-Redondo, Ana C Calvo, Rosario Osta
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) has lately become a suitable scenario to study the interplay between the hematopoietic system and disease progression. Recent studies in C9orf72 null mice have demonstrated that C9orf72 is necessary for the normal function of myeloid cells. In this study, we aimed to analyze in depth the connection between the hematopoietic system and secondary lymphoid (spleen) and non-lymphoid (liver and skeletal muscle) organs and tissues along the disease progression in the transgenic SOD1G93A mice...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882084/genomic-characterization-of-chromosome-translocations-in-patients-with-t-myeloid-mixed-phenotype-acute-leukemia
#14
Aparna Pallavajjala, Daehwan Kim, Tongbin Li, Gabriel Ghiaur, Richard J Jones, Kathleen H Burns, Steven L Salzberg, Yi Ning
Mixed-phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL) is a progenitor type of leukemia with ambiguous expression of lineage markers. The diagnosis of MPAL is based on flow cytometric analysis of immunophenotype, which commonly identifies myeloid lineage markers as well as B- or T- lymphoid lineage markers on leukemic blasts. Due to the rare occurrence of this disease, few studies have delineated the molecular bases of MPAL. Combining conventional karyotyping with whole genomic sequencing (WGS) and RNA sequencing (RNA-seq), we report here our identification and characterization of chromosome translocations, gene mutations and gene expression profile in four patients with T/Myeloid MPAL, including two t(6;14)(q25;q32) one t(8;14)(q24...
September 7, 2017: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881447/combination-of-histopathology-and-ft-raman-spectroscopy-for-the-study-of-experimental-paracoccidiodomycosis-pcm-in-the-spleen
#15
Elaine Sciuniti Benites Mansano, Gutierrez Rodriguês de Morais, Edilaine Martins Moratto, Francielle Sato, Mauro Luciano Baesso, Antonio Neto Medina, Terezinha Inez Estivalet Svidzinski, Luzmarina Hernandes
Paracoccidioides brasiliensis (Pb) can disseminate through the lymphatic and hematogenic pathways. As a result the spleen and other lymphoid organs are targets of paracoccidioidomycosis. There are few studies describing this disease in the spleen and more detailed descriptions are required. The present study combines Histopathology and Fourier Transform Raman Spectroscopy (FT-Raman) methods to study spleen infected by Pb. The Swiss mice were euthanized after one, two, four and eight weeks of infection with Pb and their spleens were removed for ex vivo analyzes...
September 7, 2017: Photochemistry and Photobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875091/demographics-of-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-a-single-institution-experience
#16
George S Stoyanov, Martina Kitanova, Deyan L Dzhenkov, Peter Ghenev, Nikolay Sapundzhiev
Introduction Head and neck cancer (HNC) comprises a diverse group of oncological entities, originating from various tissue types and organ localizations, situated in the topographical regions of the head and neck (H&N). This single institution retrospective study was aimed at establishing the HNC patient demographics and categorizing the individual incidence of H&N malignancies, regarding their organ of origin and main histopathological type. Materials and methods All histologically verified cases of HNC from a single tertiary referral center were reviewed in a descriptive retrospective manner...
July 2, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874539/detection-of-immune-responses-after-immunotherapy-in-glioblastoma-using-pet-and-mri
#17
Joseph P Antonios, Horacio Soto, Richard G Everson, Diana L Moughon, Anthony C Wang, Joey Orpilla, Caius Radu, Benjamin M Ellingson, Jason T Lee, Timothy Cloughesy, Michael E Phelps, Johannes Czernin, Linda M Liau, Robert M Prins
Contrast-enhanced MRI is typically used to follow treatment response and progression in patients with glioblastoma (GBM). However, differentiating tumor progression from pseudoprogression remains a clinical dilemma largely unmitigated by current advances in imaging techniques. Noninvasive imaging techniques capable of distinguishing these two conditions could play an important role in the clinical management of patients with GBM and other brain malignancies. We hypothesized that PET probes for deoxycytidine kinase (dCK) could be used to differentiate immune inflammatory responses from other sources of contrast-enhancement on MRI...
September 5, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872930/inconsistence-between-number-and-function-of-autoreactive-t-cells-in-the-course-of-experimental-autoimmune-encephalomyelitis
#18
Xin Wan, Weiya Pei, Yiming Zhang, Lei Zhang, Khawar Ali Shahzad, Tao Xu, Chuanlai Shen
BACKGROUND: Mouse experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) is widely used model of multiple sclerosis (MS). The role of autoreactive CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells in the development of mouse EAE has been demonstrated. However, little information is available about the relation between the frequency and reactivity of myelin antigen-reactive CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells in secondary lymphoid organs and their relevance with the inflammation and pathological lesion of CNS during the course of EAE mouse model...
September 5, 2017: Immunological Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871936/xanthoma-like-skin-changes-in-an-elderly-woman-with-a-normal-lipid-profile
#19
Piotr Nockowski, Zdzisław Woźniak, Adam Reich, Joanna Maj
Dear Editor, An 83-year-old woman developed yellow-brownish infiltrates, nodules, and tumors mimicking xanthomas, mostly involving the periorbital and chest area within three months (Figure 1). She had no abnormalities in serum cholesterol or triglycerides levels. A detailed laboratory analysis revealed the presence of mild monoclonal gammopathy with a presence of immunoglobulin G (IgG) kappa light chains; however, according to hematologist consultation, it did not require medical intervention. Imaging assessment and ultrasound examination did not show any specific involvement of internal organs...
July 2017: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870639/migratory-properties-of-ex-vivo-expanded-regulatory-t-cells-influence-of-all-trans-retinoic-acid-and-rapamycin
#20
J L Beermann, C T Thiesler, U Dringenberg, C Alter, S Kuhs, S Velaga, S N Ukena, A Franzke
Adoptively transferred regulatory T-cells represent a promising therapeutic approach for tolerance induction in autoimmunity and transplantation medicine. However, a major hurdle for clinical application is the manufacturing of sufficient Treg cell numbers with respect to the low frequency of naturally occurring Tregs in the peripheral blood. Therefore, ex vivo large-scale expansion is mandatory for most of the clinical conditions. Besides the Treg cell number other parameters of the cell product are of high relevance for safe and efficient clinical Treg cell application like Treg cell purity, suppressive capacity and genetic stability of the Treg cell phenotype...
September 1, 2017: Transplant Immunology
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