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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208964/infant-and-young-child-feeding-practices-in-infants-receiving-skin-to-skin-care-at-birth-follow-up-of-randomized-cohort
#1
Archana Somashekhar Nimbalkar, Dipen Vasudev Patel, Somashekhar Marutirao Nimbalkar, Vijay Karshanbhai Patel, Dhaval Nileshbhai Patel, Ajay Gajanan Phatak
INTRODUCTION: Skin to Skin Care (SSC) in neonatal period influences immediate breastfeeding outcomes in early childhood, especially the duration of exclusive breastfeeding. AIM: We investigated influence of 17 hours of SSC given from day one of life on Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) practices through one year of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Follow-up of a Superiority Randomized Control Trial (RCT) (CTRI/2013/06/003790) conducted in a teaching hospital located in central Gujarat...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182670/killing-of-diverse-eye-pathogens-acanthamoeba-spp-fusarium-solani-and-chlamydia-trachomatis-with-alcohols
#2
Yousuf Aqeel, Raquel Rodriguez, Aparajita Chatterjee, Robin R Ingalls, John Samuelson
BACKGROUND: Blindness is caused by eye pathogens that include a free-living protist (Acanthamoeba castellanii, A. byersi, and/or other Acanthamoeba spp.), a fungus (Fusarium solani), and a bacterium (Chlamydia trachomatis). Hand-eye contact is likely a contributor to the spread of these pathogens, and so hand washing with soap and water or alcohol-based hand sanitizers (when water is not available) might reduce their transmission. Recently we showed that ethanol and isopropanol in concentrations present in hand sanitizers kill walled cysts of Giardia and Entamoeba, causes of diarrhea and dysentery, respectively...
February 9, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165861/-i-feel-your-disgust-and-relief-can-the-action-understanding-system-mirror-neuron-system-be-recruited-to-induce-disgust-and-relief-from-contamination-vicariously-in-individuals-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-symptoms
#3
Baland Jalal, Vilayanur S Ramachandran
Research has shown that brain regions mediating disgust (e.g., the insula) become activated when viewing others' disgust, a response mediated, perhaps by the mirror neuron system or the Theory of Mind module. In a novel behavioral experiment, we explore vicarious disgust and relief, in individuals with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms. Participants (N = 10) provided disgust ratings to self-contamination or watching the contamination of an experimenter; and to the experimenter washing his own hands after the subjects had been contaminated...
February 6, 2017: Neurocase
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161003/tell-me-how-pleased-you-are-with-your-workplace-and-i-will-tell-you-how-often-you-wash-your-hands
#4
Liana Sholomovich, Racheli Magnezi
Hospital-acquired infections are the most common complication of treatment and the primary patient safety hazard. Hand hygiene (HH) is the most important tool for preventing these infections. Although thousands of research projects have been conducted, many articles written, and numerous therapeutic recommendations made, the goal has not yet been reached. The professional literature emphasizes that the reasons HH strategies fail are still only partially understood. The aim of this study was to examine the correlation between the psychological safety of an organization's nursing staff and its sense of personal responsibility for avoiding transmission of infections...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159083/clinical-issues-february-2017
#5
Mary J Ogg, Amber Wood
Implementing surgical smoke evacuation practices Key words: surgical smoke, compliance, health effects, smoke evacuators. Surgical smoke evacuation policies and procedures Key words: surgical smoke, smoke evacuation, policy, procedure. Measuring compliance with surgical smoke evacuation practices Key words: surgical smoke, smoke evacuation, compliance. Patient safety and hand hygiene Key words: hand hygiene, hand wash, hand rub, patient safety, point of use.
February 2017: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135098/therapeutic-efficacy-of-cisplatin-thermosensitive-liposomes-upon-mild-hyperthermia-in-c26-tumor-bearing-balb-c-mice
#6
Seyedeh Hoda Alavizadeh, Fatemeh Gheybi, Amin Reza Nikpoor, Ali Badiee, Shiva Golmohammadzadeh, Mahmoud Reza Jaafari
This study reports on the activity of thermosensitive liposomes (TSLs) incorporating different HSPC ratios in DPPC/MSPC/PEG2000-DSPE matrix (90/10/4) plus mild HT (42 °C). TSLs were loaded with poorly membrane permeable anti-cancer drug, cisplatin, through passive equilibration method. The addition of HSPC to the corresponding DPPC lipid matrix increased the transition temperature. In vitro data demonstrated >90% cisplatin leakage from nano-sized DPPC 90-lyso-TSL (LTSL) within 10 min at 42 °C, while other TSLs bearing HSPC showed greater stability...
January 30, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125625/on-the-identification-of-associations-between-five-world-health-organization-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-phenotypes-and-six-predictors-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#7
Hugh Ellis, Erica Schoenberger
BACKGROUND: According to the most recent estimates, 842,000 deaths in low- to middle-income countries were attributable to inadequate water, sanitation and hygiene in 2012. Despite billions of dollars and decades of effort, we still lack a sound understanding of which kinds of WASH interventions are most effective in improving public health outcomes, and an important corollary-whether the right things are being measured. The World Health Organization (WHO) has made a concerted effort to compile comprehensive data on drinking water quality and sanitation in the developing world...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103908/prevalence-and-determinants-of-acute-diarrhea-among-children-younger-than-five-years-old-in-jabithennan-district-northwest-ethiopia-2014
#8
Zelalem Alamrew Anteneh, Kassawmar Andargie, Molalign Tarekegn
BACKGROUND: Despite the global decline in death rates of children younger than five years old, the risk of a child dying before turning five years of age remains highest in the WHO African Region. The problem of child death in Ethiopia is worse, with an Ethiopian child being 30 times more likely to die by his/her fifth birthday than a child in Western Europe. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and factors associated with diarrhea among children younger than five years old...
January 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097604/theory-based-explanation-as-intervention
#9
Kara Weisman, Ellen M Markman
Cogent explanations are an indispensable means of providing new information and an essential component of effective education. Beyond this, we argue that there is tremendous untapped potential in using explanations to motivate behavior change. In this article we focus on health interventions. We review four case studies that used carefully tailored explanations to address gaps and misconceptions in people's intuitive theories, providing participants with a conceptual framework for understanding how and why some recommended behavior is an effective way of achieving a health goal...
January 17, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095574/managing-occupational-irritant-contact-dermatitis-using-a-two-step-skincare-regimen-designed-to-prevent-skin-damage-and-support-skin-recovery
#10
Erika C von Grote, Kiruthi Palaniswarmy, Matthew H Meckfessel
Occupational irritant contact dermatitis (ICD) affecting the hands is a common and difficult-to-manage condition. Occupations that necessitate contact with harsh chemicals, use of alcohol-based disinfectants, and frequent hand washing elevate the risk of ICD. Management strategies that do not adequately prevent accumulated damage and repair skin, can develop into chronic dermatoses which negatively impact work productivity and quality of life. A 2-step skin-care regimen (Excipial Daily Protection Hand Cream (EP) and Excipial Rapid Repair Hand Cream (ER), Galderma Laboratories, L...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095569/efficacy-of-a-hand-regimen-in-skin-barrier-protection-in-individuals-with-occupational-irritant-contact-dermatitis
#11
Laura Jordan
BACKGROUND: Occupational irritant contact dermatitis (OICD) is a dif cult and hard to manage condition. It occurs more frequently in certain occupations where contact with harsh chemicals, use of alcohol-based disinfectants, and frequent hand washing heightens the risk. Treatment for OICD includes patient education in addition to physical, topical, and systemic therapies. OBJECTIVE: To review the pathogenesis and treatment options for OICD and evaluate the ef cacy of a selective skin-care regimen involv- ing a hand protectant cream alone as well as combined with a repair cream and speci c cleanser...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079641/world-health-organization-framework-multimodal-hand-hygiene-strategy-in-piedmont-italy-health-care-facilities
#12
Fabrizio Bert, Sebastian Giacomelli, Daniela Ceresetti, Carla Maria Zotti
OBJECTIVES: In 2009, the World Health Organization (WHO) introduced the "Hand Hygiene Self-Assessment Framework" (HHSAF) to evaluate the level of the application of the Multimodal Hand Hygiene Improvement Strategy (MHHIS), which defines preventive interventions, standards, and tools conceived to improve hand hygiene in healthcare facilities. The aim of our study was to evaluate the implementation of the MHHIS in Piedmont healthcare units in 2014 using the HHSAF document. METHODS: Our surveillance was performed through collection and analysis of the data from 50 Piedmont healthcare facilities recorded through the HHSAF in 2014...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068912/intensified-hand-hygiene-campaign-including-soap-and-water-wash-may-prevent-acute-infections-in-office-workers-as-shown-by-a-recognized-exposure-adjusted-analysis-of-a-randomized-trial
#13
Tapani Hovi, Jukka Ollgren, Carita Savolainen-Kopra
BACKGROUND: Variable exposure to causative agents of acute respiratory (RTI) or gastrointestinal tract infections (GTI) is a significant confounding factor in the analysis of the efficacy of interventions concerning these infections. We had an exceptional opportunity to reanalyze a previously published dataset from a trial assessing the effect of enhanced hand hygiene on the occurrence of RTI or GTI in adults, after adjustment for reported exposure and other covariates. METHODS: Twenty-one working units (designated clusters) each including at least 50 office employees, totaling 1,270 persons, were randomized into two intervention arms (either using water-and-soap or alcohol-rub in hand cleansing), or in the control arm...
January 9, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068592/effect-of-torrefaction-on-the-properties-of-rice-straw-high-temperature-pyrolysis-char-pore-structure-aromaticity-and-gasification-activity
#14
Handing Chen, Xueli Chen, Yueqiang Qin, Juntao Wei, Haifeng Liu
The influence of torrefaction on the physicochemical characteristics of char during raw and water washed rice straw pyrolysis at 800-1200°C is investigated. Pore structure, aromaticity and gasification activity of pyrolysis chars are compared between raw and torrefied samples. For raw straw, BET specific surface area decreases with the increased torrefaction temperature at the same pyrolysis temperature and it approximately increases linearly with weight loss during pyrolysis. The different pore structure evolutions relate to the different volatile matters and pore structures between raw and torrefied straw...
March 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067654/combined-process-of-electrocoagulation-and-photocatalytic-degradation-for-the-treatment-of-olive-washing-wastewater
#15
Hasan Ates, Nadir Dizge, H Cengiz Yatmaz
In this study, an electrocoagulation reactor (ECR) and photocatalytic reactor (PCR) were tested to understand the performance of combined electrocoagulation and photocatalytic-degradation of olive washing wastewater (OWW). The effects of initial pH (6.0, 6.9, 8.0, 9.0), applied voltage (10.0, 12.5, 15.0 V), and operating time (30, 60, 90, 120 min) were investigated in the electrocoagulation reactor when aluminum electrodes were used as both anode and cathode. The pH, conductivity, color, chemical oxygen demand (COD), and phenol were measured versus time to determine the efficiency of the ECR and PCR process...
January 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067047/solvatochromic-and-fluorogenic-dyes-as-environment-sensitive-probes-design-and-biological-applications
#16
Andrey S Klymchenko
Fluorescent environment-sensitive probes are specially designed dyes that change their fluorescence intensity (fluorogenic dyes) or color (e.g., solvatochromic dyes) in response to change in their microenvironment polarity, viscosity, and molecular order. The studies of the past decade, including those of our group, have shown that these molecules become universal tools in fluorescence sensing and imaging. In fact, any biomolecular interaction or change in biomolecular organization results in modification of the local microenvironment, which can be directly monitored by these types of probes...
January 9, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065962/compliance-of-surgical-hand-washing-before-surgery-role-of-remote-video-surveillance
#17
Ambreen Khan, Sidrah Nausheen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and increase the compliance of surgical hand scrubbing with periodic feedback. METHODS: This study was conducted at the Aga Khan Hospital for Women and Children, Karachi, Pakistan, from April to July 2014. A remote video auditing system consisting of human auditors was used for visualising surgical hand wash compliance of the surgical team. The equipment, which used motion sensor, was installed in the scrub area wall, visualising the scrub sink only...
January 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061850/food-safety-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-of-institutional-food-handlers-in-ghana
#18
Fortune Akabanda, Eli Hope Hlortsi, James Owusu-Kwarteng
BACKGROUND: In large scale cooking, food is handled by many individuals, thereby increasing the chances of food contamination due to improper handling. Deliberate or accidental contamination of food during large scale production might endanger the health of consumers, and have very expensive repercussions on a country. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the food safety knowledge, attitudes, and practices among institutional food- handlers in Ghana. METHODS: The study was conducted using a descriptive, cross-sectional survey of 29 institutions by conducting face to face interview and administration of questionnaire to two hundred and thirty-five (235) institutional food-handlers...
January 6, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056885/working-conditions-and-public-health-risks-in-slaughterhouses-in-western-kenya
#19
Elizabeth Anne Jessie Cook, William Anson de Glanville, Lian Francesca Thomas, Samuel Kariuki, Barend Mark de Clare Bronsvoort, Eric Maurice Fèvre
BACKGROUND: Inadequate facilities and hygiene at slaughterhouses can result in contamination of meat and occupational hazards to workers. The objectives of this study were to assess current conditions in slaughterhouses in western Kenya and the knowledge, and practices of the slaughterhouse workers toward hygiene and sanitation. METHODS: Between February and October 2012 all consenting slaughterhouses in the study area were recruited. A standardised questionnaire relating to facilities and practices in the slaughterhouse was administered to the foreperson at each site...
January 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050409/prevalence-of-anaemia-and-its-associated-risk-factors-among-adolescent-girls-of-central-kerala
#20
P M Siva, A Sobha, V D Manjula
INTRODUCTION: Adolescent age group is the window of opportunity to correct nutritional status of children. If we intervene correctly during this period we can prevent future consequences of nutritional deficiencies. Very few studies have been conducted in kerala regarding adolescent anaemia. AIM: To estimate prevalence of anaemia and its associated factors among adolescent girls of central Kerala, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 257 adolescent girls of ettumanoor panchayat, the field practice area of Government Medical College, Kottayam...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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