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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914323/quantitative-farm-to-fork-human-norovirus-exposure-assessment-of-individually-quick-frozen-raspberries-and-raspberry-puree
#1
L Jacxsens, A Stals, A De Keuckelaere, B Deliens, A Rajkovic, M Uyttendaele
A quantitative human norovirus (NoV) exposure model describing transmission of NoV during pre-harvest, harvest and further processing of soft red fruits exemplified by raspberries is presented. The outcomes of the model demonstrate the presence of NoV in raspberry puree or individual quick frozen (IQF) raspberry fruits and were generated by Monte Carlo simulations by combining GoldSim® and @Risk® software. Input data were collected from scientific literature, observational studies and assumptions. NoV contamination of soft red fruits is assumed to take place at farms by application of contaminated water for pesticides dilution or by berries' pickers shedding NoV...
November 21, 2016: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908434/an-observational-study-of-handwashing-compliance-in-a-child-care-facility
#2
Jeffrey Clark, Jennifer K Henk, Philip G Crandall, Mardel A Crandall, Corliss A O'Bryan
BACKGROUND: Handwashing (HW) compliance, although an effective means of limiting childhood illness, remains low among personnel in early childhood centers (ECCs). Our study determined HW compliance and efficacy of ECC personnel. METHODS: Surveillance cameras were used to determine HW opportunities, compliance, occurrences, and effectiveness based on child-care oriented criteria. RESULTS: We observed 349 HW triggering events, with 14 events per hour; a median of 2 personnel (caregivers, paraprofessional aides, or parents) were present at any given time period...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905650/-aseptic-techniques-for-minor-surgical-procedures
#3
Marcela Concha-Rogazy, Catalina Andrighetti-Ferrada, Maximiliano Curi-Tuma
Aseptic techniques are those practices designed to reduce the risk of surgical site infection (SSI), defined as such, all those that occur within the first 30 days of the procedure. While the patient’s risk of developing an SSI in dermatologic surgery is low since many of the procedures are considered sterile, there are different factors associated with an increased or decreased risk of developing SSI. The characteristics of the surgical wound (such as involving infected or inflamed tissue or when breaks in the aseptic technique occur), patient characteristics (such as age, comorbidities, medication use and smoking) and procedure factors (such as setting, surgical technique, type of procedure, duration and body region involved)...
August 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905631/-notes-for-a-history-of-hygiene-taken-from-the-bible
#4
Walter Ledermann
Reading once more the Gospels, we found a discussion between Jesus and the Pharisee about the hand washing, this golden rule of medicine, and then, with the help of Thomas Mann, we began a search for other notes on hygiene in the Bible. For the return from Egypt to the Promised Land, Moses established several rules for his people, some of them disguised as religious principles, concerning elimination of excreta, healthy and poisonous foods, isolation in case of contagious diseases (leprosy, gonorrhea), decontamination of clothes and houses, and many others that now seem to us ahead his time...
August 2016: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905620/-the-water-supply-of-a-pediatric-hospital-as-a-possible-source-of-an-outbreak-of-diarrhea-due-to-microsporidium-spp-in-immunocompromised-patients
#5
Paulina Coria, Claudia Urízar, Andrea Alba, Isabel Noemí, Anita Pino, José Luis Cerva
INTRODUCTION: The hospital water supply is a reservoir of a variety of potentially pathogenic microorganisms that can particularly affect children and immunocompromised patients. Potentially pathogenic Microsporidium spp. have been identified in water. Microsporidiosis is an emerging parasitic and opportunistic infection in immunocompromised patients. OBJECTIVE AND METHOD: to describe an outbreak of nosocomial diarrhea due to Microsporidium, species Encephalitozoon intestinalis...
August 2016: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904874/imaging-of-accidental-contamination-by-fluorine-18-solution-a-quick-troubleshooting-procedure
#6
Kalevi Kairemo, Aki Kangasmäki
To the best of our knowledge, imaging of accidental exposure to radioactive fluorine-18 (F-18) due to liquid spill has not been described earlier in the scientific literature. The short half-life of F-18 (t½=110 min), current radiation safety requirements, and Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) regulations on radiopharmaceuticals have restrained the occurrence of these incidents. The possibility of investigating this type of incidents by gamma and positron imaging is also quite limited. Additionally, a quick and precise analysis of radiochemical contamination is cumbersome and sometimes challenging if the spills of radioactive materials are low in activity...
2016: Asia Oceania Journal of Nuclear Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904427/prevalence-of-escherichia-coli-o157-h7-and-enterobacteriaceae-on-hands-of-workers-in-halal-cattle-abattoirs-in-peninsular-malaysia
#7
Bahri Mohd Tamrin Shamsul, Muhammad Tukur Adamu, Mohd Nasir Mohd Desa, Siti Khairani-Bejo
BACKGROUND: Several occupational diseases of multiple origins are encountered among abattoir workers. Presence of indicator microorganisms (coliforms) on hands of workers can be used a gauge for hygienic practices. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed to assess the prevalence of E.coli and enterobacteriaceae among Halal abattoir workers in some government halal abattoirs of Malaysia. A total of one hundred and sixty-five hand swab samples were collected from workers of Halal abattoirs in Malaysia...
September 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902412/the-staff-education-to-reducing-ventilator-associated-pneumonia
#8
Gurdal Yilmaz, Hava Aydin, Mustafa Aydin, Sedat Saylan, Hulya Ulusoy, Iftihar Koksal
Mechanical ventilation (MV) is a life-saving invasive procedure performed in intensive care units (ICUs) where critical patients are given advanced support. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of personnel training on the incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). The study, performed prospectively in the ICU, was planned in two periods. In both periods, patient's characteristics were recorded on patient data forms. In the second period, ICU physicians and assistant health personnel were given regular theoretical and practical training...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893207/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-helicobacter-pylori-infection-among-healthy-inhabitants-in-northern-jakarta-indonesia
#9
Yasuyuki Goto, Ari Fahrial Syam, Nikko Darnindro, Florentina Carolin Puspita Hapsari
Background: The prevalence of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection in Indonesia has been reported to be exceedingly low. The purpose of our study was to confirm whether this is the case in Northern Jakarta using a sensitive 13C-urea breath test (UBT), and to examine any associations with lifestyle/environment factors and potential routes of transmission. Methods: We recruited a total of 196 subjects from a low-income community in Northern Jakarta, Indonesia, data from 193 who completed a questionnaire about their lifestyle/environment and had UBT being included as the final...
January 10, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881530/menstrual-cups-and-sanitary-pads-to-reduce-school-attrition-and-sexually-transmitted-and-reproductive-tract-infections-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-feasibility-study-in-rural-western-kenya
#10
Penelope A Phillips-Howard, Elizabeth Nyothach, Feiko O Ter Kuile, Jackton Omoto, Duolao Wang, Clement Zeh, Clayton Onyango, Linda Mason, Kelly T Alexander, Frank O Odhiambo, Alie Eleveld, Aisha Mohammed, Anna M van Eijk, Rhiannon Tudor Edwards, John Vulule, Brian Faragher, Kayla F Laserson
OBJECTIVES: Conduct a feasibility study on the effect of menstrual hygiene on schoolgirls' school and health (reproductive/sexual) outcomes. DESIGN: 3-arm single-site open cluster randomised controlled pilot study. SETTING: 30 primary schools in rural western Kenya, within a Health and Demographic Surveillance System. PARTICIPANTS: Primary schoolgirls 14-16 years, experienced 3 menses, no precluding disability, and resident in the study area...
November 23, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871241/prevalence-antimicrobial-susceptibility-patterns-and-associated-risk-factors-of-shigella-and-salmonella-among-food-handlers-in-arba-minch-university-south-ethiopia
#11
Mohammedaman Mama, Getaneh Alemu
BACKGROUND: The availability of safe food improves health of the people that contributes to productivity and provides an effective platform for development and poverty alleviation. On the other hand, unsafe food handling and processing can serve as a vehicle for the transmission of a variety of disease causing agents. The risk of food getting contaminated depends largely on the health status of the food handlers, their personal hygiene, knowledge and practice of food hygiene. Food borne diseases are therefore a public health problem in developed and developing countries which is also true for Ethiopia...
November 21, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867877/does-one-to-one-demonstration-with-insulin-pads-by-health-care-providers-improves-the-insulin-administration-techniques-among-diabetic-patients-of-a-tertiary-care-teaching-hospital-in-south-india
#12
Urvasi Kapoor, Gomathi Ramasamy, Kalaiselvi Selvaraj, Jaya Prakash Sahoo, Sitanshu Sekhar Kar
OBJECTIVES: The study was aimed to capture the effect of using injection pads as a tool in educating the diabetic patients who were on insulin. The attitude and practice of the patients in storage of insulin vials and disposal of insulin syringes were also assessed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A facility based Quasi-experimental study was carried out among the diabetic patients on insulin, attending diabetic clinic in endocrinology OPD in a tertiary care hospital, Puducherry...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866386/hand-hygiene-program-decreases-school-absenteeism-due-to-upper-respiratory-infections
#13
Ernestina Azor-Martinez, Elena Cobos-Carrascosa, Maria Luisa Seijas-Vazquez, Carmen Fernández-Sánchez, Jenna M Strizzi, Pilar Torres-Alegre, Joaquin Santisteban-Martínez, Francisco Gimenez-Sanchez
BACKGROUND: We assessed the effectiveness of a handwashing program using hand sanitizer to prevent school absenteeism due to upper respiratory infections (URIs). METHODS: This was a randomized, controlled, and open study on a sample of 1341 children 4-12 years old, attending 5 state schools in Almería (Spain), with an 8-month follow-up. The experimental group (EG) washed their hands with soap and water, together with using hand sanitizer, and the control group followed their usual handwashing procedures...
December 2016: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866062/gunshot-residue-contamination-of-the-hands-of-police-officers-following-start-of-shift-handling-of-their-firearm
#14
Michael Cook
If police officers are contaminated with gunshot residue (GSR) through the normal receiving, checking, loading, and securing of their issued firearm, there is the potential for secondary transfer of GSR to anyone those officers arrest during their shift. This 3-part study examined the level of GSR contamination of police officers following the start-of-shift handling of their standard issue firearm, the impact that hand-washing or the use of a self-drying hand-wash had on the level of GSR contamination, and the likelihood of officers re-contaminating their hands through contact with the exposed hand-grip of their holstered hand-gun...
November 9, 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857523/impact-of-different-oral-hygiene-aids-for-the-reduction-of-morning-bad-breath-among-dental-students-a-crossover-clinical-trial
#15
Shaijal Godha, Pralhad L Dasar, N Sandesh, Prashant Mishra, Sandeep Kumar, Swati Balsaraf, Upendra Singh Bhadauria, Shaleen Vyas
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To assess and compare the effects of different oral hygiene procedures on the reduction of morning bad breath, plaque and gingival status in healthy subjects. METHODS: A four step cross-over trial was performed on 32 study subjects. They were allocated into four groups: Group I: tooth brushing; Group II: tooth brushing and tongue scraping; Group III: tooth brushing and mouth washing; and Group IV: tooth brushing, tongue scraping and use of mouthwash...
2016: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857252/nurse-adherence-to-safe-handling-practices-observation-versus-self-assessment
#16
Christina M Colvin, Diana Karius, Nancy M Albert
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy medications place nurses at risk for occupational exposure, a primary nursing safety concern. No literature was available on adherence to following chemotherapy handling practices and nurses' perceptions of safe-handling practices. OBJECTIVES: The aims of the pilot study were to examine actual and subjective ambulatory oncology nurse adherence to chemotherapy safe-handling guideline recommendations that prevent chemotherapy exposure. METHODS: A prospective, comparative mixed-methods study was used to compare objective and subjective nurse behaviors of expected safe chemotherapy handling-specifically, micro-ethnography and questionnaires...
December 1, 2016: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851828/a-chlorfenapyr-mixture-net-interceptor%C3%A2-g2-shows-high-efficacy-and-wash-durability-against-resistant-mosquitoes-in-west-africa
#17
Raphael N'Guessan, Abibatou Odjo, Corine Ngufor, David Malone, Mark Rowland
BACKGROUND: Malaria control through use of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LN) is threatened by the selection of anopheline mosquitoes strongly resistant to pyrethroid insecticides. To sustain future effectiveness it is essential to identify and evaluate novel insecticides suitable for nets. Mixtures of two insecticides with contrasting mode of action have the potential to kill resistant vectors and restore transmission control provided the formulation can withstand regular washing over the net's life span...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845478/healthcare-associated-infections-educational-intervention-by-adult-learning-in-an-italian-teaching-hospital
#18
A Rinaldi, A Marani, M Montesano, S Berdini, M C Petruccioli, F Di Ninno, R Orioli, F Ferretti, G Tarsitani, C Napoli, A De Luca, G B Orsi
BACKGROUND: An educational intervention for HAI prevention based on a combination of training, motivation and subsequent application in the current clinical practice in an Italian teaching hospital. METHODS: In 2015-2016 a pilot mandatory training on HAI targeted to HCWs was organized in the 450 bed teaching hospital Sant'Andrea in Rome. By adopting the "Impact/control matrix" prioritization tool, the relative level of impact (risk in causing or favoring HAI) and control (possibility for HCWs to prevent HAI) attributed by the participants to the issues associated to HAI during their working groups was evaluated...
November 2016: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830935/use-of-computer-vision-tools-to-identify-behavioral-markers-of-pediatric-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-pilot-study
#19
Gail A Bernstein, Tasoulla Hadjiyanni, Kathryn R Cullen, Julia W Robinson, Elizabeth C Harris, Austin D Young, Joshua Fasching, Nicholas Walczak, Susanne Lee, Vassilios Morellas, Nikolaos Papanikolopoulos
OBJECTIVES: The clinical presentation of pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is heterogeneous, which is a stumbling block to understanding pathophysiology and to developing new treatments. A major shift in psychiatry, embodied in the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) initiative of National Institute of Mental Health, recognizes the pitfalls of categorizing mental illnesses using diagnostic criteria. Instead, RDoC encourages researchers to use a dimensional approach, focusing on narrower domains of psychopathology to characterize brain-behavior relationships...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829398/food-safety-knowledge-of-undergraduate-students-at-a-canadian-university-results-of-an-online-survey
#20
Sarah M Courtney, Shannon E Majowicz, Joel A Dubin
BACKGROUND: Foodborne diseases are an important public health issue, and young adults are an important demographic to target with food safety education. Our objective was to assess the food safety knowledge of undergraduate students at a Canadian university, to identify potential areas for such education. METHODS: In February 2015, we conducted an online survey of 485 undergraduate students at a university in Ontario, Canada. We assessed various food-related factors, including cooking frequency and prior food handling or preparation education...
November 9, 2016: BMC Public Health
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