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Gender specific therapies and disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120922/gender-dysphoria-in-youth-a-review-of-recent-literature
#1
Julia Cartaya, Ximena Lopez
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Transgender individuals including pubertal young people require hormonal therapy, in conjunction with mental health support. These youths are a unique population, with specific and individual desires and needs as they move through the physical and mental transition to the gender with which they identify. RECENT FINDINGS: The number of transgender youth presenting for treatment is increasing rapidly. They continue to have a high prevalence of mental health disorders, though not when supported in their sex identities by family in younger age...
November 7, 2017: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111860/identification-of-the-gender-specific-health-needs-of-women-following-lung-transplantation
#2
Emily E Robertson, Robin J Bell, Penelope J Robinson, Greg Snell, Bronwyn Levvey, Helen M Whitford, Jane Harris, Susan R Davis
BACKGROUND: Little is known of the prevalence and severity of menstrual dysfunction, climacteric symptoms, pelvic floor disorders, sexual problems, and psychological wellbeing after lung transplantation in women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adult female lung transplant recipients, attending the Alfred Hospital Lung Transplant Service in Melbourne, Australia participated in a women's health, cross-sectional questionnaire-based study. RESULTS: The 123 of 149 potential participants were recruited between September 2014 and July 2015...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071210/identifying-motor-functional-neurological-disorder-using-resting-state-functional-connectivity
#3
Jennifer Wegrzyk, Valeria Kebets, Jonas Richiardi, Silvio Galli, Dimitri Van de Ville, Selma Aybek
BACKGROUND: Motor functional neurological disorder (mFND) is a clinical diagnosis with reliable features; however, patients are reluctant to accept the diagnosis and physicians themselves bear doubts on potential misdiagnoses. The identification of a positive biomarker could help limiting unnecessary costs of multiple referrals and investigations, thus promoting early diagnosis and allowing early engagement in appropriate therapy. OBJECTIVES: To test whether resting-state (RS) functional magnetic resonance imaging could discriminate patients suffering from mFND from healthy controls...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981882/electroconvulsive-therapy-selectively-enhanced-feedforward-connectivity-from-fusiform-face-area-to-amygdala-in-major-depressive-disorder
#4
Jiaojian Wang, Qiang Wei, Tongjian Bai, Xiaoqin Zhou, Hui Sun, Benjamin Becker, Yanghua Tian, Kai Wang, Keith Kendrick
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has been widely used to treat the major depressive disorder (MDD), especially for treatment resistant depression. However, the neuroanatomical basis of ECT remains an open problem. In our study, we combined the voxel-based morphology (VBM), resting-state functional connectivity (RSFC), and granger causality analysis (GCA) to identify the longitudinal changes of structure and function in 23 MDD patients before and after ECT. In addition, multivariate pattern analysis using linear support vector machine (SVM) was applied to classify 23 depressed patients from 25 gender, age, and education matched healthy controls...
August 28, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950817/specific-patient-features-affect-antiepileptic-drug-therapy-decisions-focus-on-gender-age-and-psychiatric-comorbidities
#5
Pisani Laura Rosa, Nikanorova Marina, Johannessen Landmark Cecilie, Johannessen Svein Ivar, Pisani Francesco
BACKGROUND: Patient features, apart from the type of seizues/epilepsy, affect markedly antiepileptic drug (AED) choice and dosage. The present review focuses on gender, age and psychiatric comorbidities which play a leading role in influencing antiepileptic treatment. METHODS: Reviews with large population of patients, controlled clinical trials, observational investigations, experimental studies and experimental reviews of experimental data, where appropriated, were analysed and illustrated to produce the most homogeneous indications possible...
September 25, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910748/local-functional-connectivity-density-is-closely-associated-with-the-response-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-in-major-depressive-disorder
#6
Jiaojian Wang, Qiang Wei, Xinru Yuan, Xiaoyan Jiang, Jinping Xu, Xiaoqin Zhou, Yanghua Tian, Kai Wang
BACKGROUND: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has been demonstrated to be an effective treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD). However, the neuroanatomical basis of response to ECT is still largely unknown. METHODS: In present study, we used functional connectivity density (FCD) and resting-state functional connectivity (RSFC) to identify the relationship between the changes of resting-state activities and ECT responses in 23 MDD patients before and after ECT...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840391/respiratory-sinus-arrhythmia-in-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-in-children-preliminary-treatment-and-gender-effects
#7
Rebecca S Lipschutz, Sarah A O Gray, Carl F Weems, Michael S Scheeringa
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is an efficacious treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, but the effect of CBT on physiological indicators is largely unknown. Respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) is an established parasympathetic marker of self-regulatory capacity and stress responsivity. The present study tested if and how resting RSA and RSA reactivity changed following treatment among a sample of children (n = 48) who experienced at least one traumatic event and presented with PTSD symptoms...
December 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838011/-bio-psycho-social-characteristics-and-therapeutic-aspects-of-methamphetamine-dependent-women-gender-specific-results-of-a-systematic-literature-search
#8
Stefanie Neumann, Michael Soyka, Andreas G Franke
Subject Compared to other illicit drugs Methamphetamine (MethA) is used more frequently by women than by men. Assuming the biopsychosocial etiology model, the dependency is based on several factors in which women and men differ significantly. Systematic gender-differentiated knowledge is missing until today. Method Based on a database research (PUBMED) the review examines biological, social and psychological as well as therapeutic aspects in MethA-dependent women. Results MethA-induced cognitive disturbance appear to have severer manifestations in women than in men...
August 24, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791223/overactive-pelvic-floor-muscles-opfm-improving-diagnostic-accuracy-with-clinical-examination-and-functional-studies
#9
Hau Choong Aw, Weranja Ranasinghe, Philip Huang Min Tan, Helen E O'Connell
BACKGROUND: To identify the functional correlation of overactive pelvic floor muscles (OPFM) with cystoscopic and fluoroscopic urodynamic studies (FUDS), including urethral pressure measurements. METHODS: Patients refractory to conservative therapy including bladder retraining, medications and pelvic muscle exercises for a variety of gamut of storage and voiding disorders were evaluated. Prospective data for 201 patients across both genders who underwent flexible cystoscopy and urodynamics for lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) refractory to conservative management between 01 Jan 2014 and 01 Jan 2016 was collected...
July 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743361/relapsing-polychondritis-prevalence-of-cardiovascular-diseases-and-its-risk-factors-and-general-disease-features-according-to-gender
#10
Pablo Arturo Olivo Pallo, Maurício Levy-Neto, Rosa Maria Rodrigues Pereira, Samuel Katsuyuki Shinjo
The comorbidities in relapsing polychondritis have been scarcely described in the literature. Moreover, apart from a few relapsing polychondritis epidemiological studies, no studies specifically addressing relapsing polychondritis distribution according to gender are available. Therefore, the objectives of the present study were: (a) to analyze the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases and its risk factors in a series of patients with relapsing polychondritis; (b) to determine the influence of gender on relapsing polychondritis...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738364/risk-factors-for-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-adults-a-systematic-review-of-observational-studies
#11
Jordi Almirall, Mateu Serra-Prat, Ignasi Bolíbar, Valentina Balasso
We performed a systematic review of the literature to establish conclusive evidence of risk factors for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). Observational studies (cross-sectional, case-control, and cohort studies) the primary outcome of which was to assess risk factors for CAP in both hospitalized and ambulatory adult patients with radiologically confirmed pneumonia were selected. The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale specific for cohort and case-control designs was used for quality assessment. Twenty-nine studies (20 case-control, 8 cohort, and 1 cross-sectional) were selected, with 44...
2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704229/treatment-of-hyponatremic-encephalopathy-in-the-critically-ill
#12
REVIEW
Steven G Achinger, Juan Carlos Ayus
OBJECTIVES: Hyponatremic encephalopathy, symptomatic cerebral edema due to a low osmolar state, is a medical emergency and often encountered in the ICU setting. This article provides a critical appraisal and review of the literature on identification of high-risk patients and the treatment of this life-threatening disorder. DATA SOURCES, STUDY SELECTION, AND DATA EXTRACTION: Online search of the PubMed database and manual review of articles involving risk factors for hyponatremic encephalopathy and treatment of hyponatremic encephalopathy in critical illness...
October 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694625/does-gender-influence-electroconvulsive-therapy-sessions-required-across-psychiatric-diagnoses-a-5-year-experience-from-a-single-center
#13
Harshini Manohar, Karthick Subramanian, Vikas Menon, Shivanand Kattimani
CONTEXT: There is a paucity of systematic data reflecting the practice of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) from developing countries. AIM: We aimed to identify the number of ECT sessions required to yield response and gender diffeferences in the number of sessions across various diagnostic categories. SETTING AND DESIGN: A record-based study from a teaching cum tertiary care hospital in South India. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Case records of patients who received modified ECT from January 2011 to January 2016 were reviewed...
July 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654848/gender-differences-in-the-association-between-physical-activity-and-cognitive-function-in-individuals-with-bipolar-disorder
#14
F T Fellendorf, N Kainzbauer, M Platzer, N Dalkner, S A Bengesser, A Birner, R Queissner, P Rauch, C Hamm, R Pilz, E Z Reininghaus
INTRODUCTION: Bipolar disorder (BD) is accompanied by a high number of comorbidities and associated with an overall increased mortality. Especially obesity, systemic inflammatory processes and cognitive deficits are highly prevalent and increase with the course of illness. Physical activity (PA) is associated with beneficial effects on somatic comorbidities such as obesity or cardiovascular disease in individuals without psychiatric disorder. Furthermore, PA might increase neurocognitive performance and reduce systemic inflammation...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654601/nonsyndromic-craniosynostosis-and-associated-abnormal-speech-and-language-development
#15
Sanjay Naran, Matthew Miller, Sameer Shakir, Benjamin Ware, Liliana Camison, Matthew Ford, Jesse Goldstein, Joseph E Losee
BACKGROUND: Although many metrics for neurodevelopment in children with nonsyndromic craniosynostosis have been analyzed, few have directly examined early language acquisition and speech development. The authors characterized language acquisition and speech development in children with nonsyndromic craniosynostosis. METHODS: The authors' institutional database was queried for nonsyndromic craniosynostosis from 2000 to 2014. Patients with an identified syndrome were excluded...
July 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596747/personality-styles-of-german-speaking-psychotherapists-differ-from-a-norm-and-male-psychotherapists-differ-from-their-female-colleagues
#16
Burkhard Peter, Eva Böbel, Maria Hagl, Mario Richter, Miguel Kazén
Variables pertaining to the person of the psychotherapist have been neglected in psychotherapy research for some time. Concerning personality in particular, however, research has mostly focused on its relation with the psychotherapist's choice of method, or differences between the various major therapy approaches. That is, psychotherapists were compared to each other without specifying how exactly psychotherapists are in comparison to "ordinary people." We wanted to know: Are there specific personality styles that distinguish psychotherapists from the norm? A sample of 1,027 psychotherapists from Germany, Austria, and Switzerland filled out the short version of the Personality Style and Disorder Inventory (PSDI-S) via online survey...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579863/is-tolerance-broken-in-autoimmunity
#17
EDITORIAL
Dama Laxminarayana
Autoimmune diseases are classified into about 80 different types based on their specificity related to system, organ and/or tissue. About 5% of the western population is affected by this anomaly, but its worldwide incidence is unknown. Autoimmune diseases are heterogeneous in nature and clinical manifestations range from benign disorders to life-threatening conditions. Autoimmunity strikes at any stage of life, but age and/or gender also play role in onset of some of these anomalies. The autoimmune pathogenesis is initiated by the origination of autoantigens, which leads to the development of autoantibodies followed by auto-immunogenicity and the ultimate onset of autoimmunity...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525585/the-effects-of-gender-on-electrical-therapies-for-the-heart-physiology-epidemiology-and-access-to-therapies
#18
Giuseppe Boriani, Stefano Lorenzetti, Elisabetta Cerbai, Giuseppe Oreto, Gabriele Bronzetti, Vincenzo Livio Malavasi, Alessandro Biffi, Luigi Padeletti, Gianluca Botto, Igor Diemberger
The difference between men and women is clear even just by looking at an electrocardiogram: females present higher resting heart rate, a shorter QRS complex length and greater corrected QT interval. The development of these differences from pubertal age onward suggests that sexual hormones play a key role, although their effect is far from being completely understood. Different incidences between sexes have been reported for many arrhythmias, both ventricular and supraventricular, and also for sudden cardiac death...
September 1, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497358/predictive-value-of-selected-biomarkers-related-to-metabolism-and-oxidative-stress-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#19
Afaf El-Ansary, Geir Bjørklund, Salvatore Chirumbolo, Osima M Alnakhli
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) as a neurodevelopmental disorder is characterized by impairments in social interaction, communication, and restricted, repetitive behavior. Several and reproducible studies have suggested that oxidative stress may represent one of the primary etiological mechanism of ASD that can be targeted for therapeutic intervention. In the present study, multiple regression and combined receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis were used to search for a relationship between impaired energy and oxidative metabolic pathways in the etiology of ASD and to find the linear combination that maximizes the partial area under a ROC curve for a pre-identified set of markers related to energy metabolism and oxidative stress...
August 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490916/the-cannabis-withdrawal-syndrome-current-insights
#20
REVIEW
Udo Bonnet, Ulrich W Preuss
The cannabis withdrawal syndrome (CWS) is a criterion of cannabis use disorders (CUDs) (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders - Fifth Edition) and cannabis dependence (International Classification of Diseases [ICD]-10). Several lines of evidence from animal and human studies indicate that cessation from long-term and regular cannabis use precipitates a specific withdrawal syndrome with mainly mood and behavioral symptoms of light to moderate intensity, which can usually be treated in an outpatient setting...
2017: Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation
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