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Gender specific therapies and disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791223/overactive-pelvic-floor-muscles-opfm-improving-diagnostic-accuracy-with-clinical-examination-and-functional-studies
#1
Hau Choong Aw, Weranja Ranasinghe, Philip Huang Min Tan, Helen E O'Connell
BACKGROUND: To identify the functional correlation of overactive pelvic floor muscles (OPFM) with cystoscopic and fluoroscopic urodynamic studies (FUDS), including urethral pressure measurements. METHODS: Patients refractory to conservative therapy including bladder retraining, medications and pelvic muscle exercises for a variety of gamut of storage and voiding disorders were evaluated. Prospective data for 201 patients across both genders who underwent flexible cystoscopy and urodynamics for lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) refractory to conservative management between 01 Jan 2014 and 01 Jan 2016 was collected...
July 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743361/relapsing-polychondritis-prevalence-of-cardiovascular-diseases-and-its-risk-factors-and-general-disease-features-according-to-gender
#2
Pablo Arturo Olivo Pallo, Maurício Levy-Neto, Rosa Maria Rodrigues Pereira, Samuel Katsuyuki Shinjo
The comorbidities in relapsing polychondritis have been scarcely described in the literature. Moreover, apart from a few relapsing polychondritis epidemiological studies, no studies specifically addressing relapsing polychondritis distribution according to gender are available. Therefore, the objectives of the present study were: (a) to analyze the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases and its risk factors in a series of patients with relapsing polychondritis; (b) to determine the influence of gender on relapsing polychondritis...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738364/risk-factors-for-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-adults-a-systematic-review-of-observational-studies
#3
Jordi Almirall, Mateu Serra-Prat, Ignasi Bolíbar, Valentina Balasso
We performed a systematic review of the literature to establish conclusive evidence of risk factors for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). Observational studies (cross-sectional, case-control, and cohort studies) the primary outcome of which was to assess risk factors for CAP in both hospitalized and ambulatory adult patients with radiologically confirmed pneumonia were selected. The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale specific for cohort and case-control designs was used for quality assessment. Twenty-nine studies (20 case-control, 8 cohort, and 1 cross-sectional) were selected, with 44...
July 25, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704229/treatment-of-hyponatremic-encephalopathy-in-the-critically-ill
#4
Steven G Achinger, Juan Carlos Ayus
OBJECTIVES: Hyponatremic encephalopathy, symptomatic cerebral edema due to a low osmolar state, is a medical emergency and often encountered in the ICU setting. This article provides a critical appraisal and review of the literature on identification of high-risk patients and the treatment of this life-threatening disorder. DATA SOURCES, STUDY SELECTION, AND DATA EXTRACTION: Online search of the PubMed database and manual review of articles involving risk factors for hyponatremic encephalopathy and treatment of hyponatremic encephalopathy in critical illness...
July 11, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694625/does-gender-influence-electroconvulsive-therapy-sessions-required-across-psychiatric-diagnoses-a-5-year-experience-from-a-single-center
#5
Harshini Manohar, Karthick Subramanian, Vikas Menon, Shivanand Kattimani
CONTEXT: There is a paucity of systematic data reflecting the practice of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) from developing countries. AIM: We aimed to identify the number of ECT sessions required to yield response and gender diffeferences in the number of sessions across various diagnostic categories. SETTING AND DESIGN: A record-based study from a teaching cum tertiary care hospital in South India. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Case records of patients who received modified ECT from January 2011 to January 2016 were reviewed...
July 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654848/gender-differences-in-the-association-between-physical-activity-and-cognitive-function-in-individuals-with-bipolar-disorder
#6
F T Fellendorf, N Kainzbauer, M Platzer, N Dalkner, S A Bengesser, A Birner, R Queissner, P Rauch, C Hamm, R Pilz, E Z Reininghaus
INTRODUCTION: Bipolar disorder (BD) is accompanied by a high number of comorbidities and associated with an overall increased mortality. Especially obesity, systemic inflammatory processes and cognitive deficits are highly prevalent and increase with the course of illness. Physical activity (PA) is associated with beneficial effects on somatic comorbidities such as obesity or cardiovascular disease in individuals without psychiatric disorder. Furthermore, PA might increase neurocognitive performance and reduce systemic inflammation...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654601/nonsyndromic-craniosynostosis-and-associated-abnormal-speech-and-language-development
#7
Sanjay Naran, Matthew Miller, Sameer Shakir, Benjamin Ware, Liliana Camison, Matthew Ford, Jesse Goldstein, Joseph E Losee
BACKGROUND: Although many metrics for neurodevelopment in children with nonsyndromic craniosynostosis have been analyzed, few have directly examined early language acquisition and speech development. The authors characterized language acquisition and speech development in children with nonsyndromic craniosynostosis. METHODS: The authors' institutional database was queried for nonsyndromic craniosynostosis from 2000 to 2014. Patients with an identified syndrome were excluded...
July 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596747/personality-styles-of-german-speaking-psychotherapists-differ-from-a-norm-and-male-psychotherapists-differ-from-their-female-colleagues
#8
Burkhard Peter, Eva Böbel, Maria Hagl, Mario Richter, Miguel Kazén
Variables pertaining to the person of the psychotherapist have been neglected in psychotherapy research for some time. Concerning personality in particular, however, research has mostly focused on its relation with the psychotherapist's choice of method, or differences between the various major therapy approaches. That is, psychotherapists were compared to each other without specifying how exactly psychotherapists are in comparison to "ordinary people." We wanted to know: Are there specific personality styles that distinguish psychotherapists from the norm? A sample of 1,027 psychotherapists from Germany, Austria, and Switzerland filled out the short version of the Personality Style and Disorder Inventory (PSDI-S) via online survey...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579863/is-tolerance-broken-in-autoimmunity
#9
EDITORIAL
Dama Laxminarayana
Autoimmune diseases are classified into about 80 different types based on their specificity related to system, organ and/or tissue. About 5% of the western population is affected by this anomaly, but its worldwide incidence is unknown. Autoimmune diseases are heterogeneous in nature and clinical manifestations range from benign disorders to life-threatening conditions. Autoimmunity strikes at any stage of life, but age and/or gender also play role in onset of some of these anomalies. The autoimmune pathogenesis is initiated by the origination of autoantigens, which leads to the development of autoantibodies followed by auto-immunogenicity and the ultimate onset of autoimmunity...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525585/the-effects-of-gender-on-electrical-therapies-for-the-heart-physiology-epidemiology-and-access-to-therapies-a-report-from-the-xii-congress-of-the-italian-association-on-arrhythmology-and-cardiostimulation-aiac
#10
Giuseppe Boriani, Stefano Lorenzetti, Elisabetta Cerbai, Giuseppe Oreto, Gabriele Bronzetti, Vincenzo Livio Malavasi, Alessandro Biffi, Luigi Padeletti, Gianluca Botto, Igor Diemberger
The difference between men and women is clear even just by looking at an electrocardiogram: females present higher resting heart rate, a shorter QRS complex length and greater corrected QT interval. The development of these differences from pubertal age onward suggests that sexual hormones play a key role, although their effect is far from being completely understood. Different incidences between sexes have been reported for many arrhythmias, both ventricular and supraventricular, and also for sudden cardiac death...
May 19, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497358/predictive-value-of-selected-biomarkers-related-to-metabolism-and-oxidative-stress-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#11
Afaf El-Ansary, Geir Bjørklund, Salvatore Chirumbolo, Osima M Alnakhli
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) as a neurodevelopmental disorder is characterized by impairments in social interaction, communication, and restricted, repetitive behavior. Several and reproducible studies have suggested that oxidative stress may represent one of the primary etiological mechanism of ASD that can be targeted for therapeutic intervention. In the present study, multiple regression and combined receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis were used to search for a relationship between impaired energy and oxidative metabolic pathways in the etiology of ASD and to find the linear combination that maximizes the partial area under a ROC curve for a pre-identified set of markers related to energy metabolism and oxidative stress...
August 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490916/the-cannabis-withdrawal-syndrome-current-insights
#12
REVIEW
Udo Bonnet, Ulrich W Preuss
The cannabis withdrawal syndrome (CWS) is a criterion of cannabis use disorders (CUDs) (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders - Fifth Edition) and cannabis dependence (International Classification of Diseases [ICD]-10). Several lines of evidence from animal and human studies indicate that cessation from long-term and regular cannabis use precipitates a specific withdrawal syndrome with mainly mood and behavioral symptoms of light to moderate intensity, which can usually be treated in an outpatient setting...
2017: Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474473/short-term-treatment-outcomes-and-dropout-risk-in-men-and-women-with-eating-disorders
#13
Zaida Agüera, Isabel Sánchez, Roser Granero, Nadine Riesco, Trevor Steward, Virginia Martín-Romera, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Xandra Romero, Mariarita Caroleo, Cristina Segura-García, José Manuel Menchon, Fernando Fernández-Aranda
This study compared treatment outcomes between men and women with eating disorders (EDs) and analysed clinical predictors of treatment outcome. Our sample consisted of 131 male and 131 female ED patients who underwent cognitive behavioural therapy treatment. ED severity, personality and psychopathology were assessed using standard instruments. We found that the risk of dropout was higher for men with bulimia nervosa (BN) than for women with BN and that men with BN and other specified feeding and EDs were more likely to obtain full remission in comparison with their female counterparts...
May 4, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262498/relapsing-polychondritis-prevalence-of-cardiovascular-diseases-and-its-risk-factors-and-general-disease-features-according-to-gender
#14
Pablo Arturo Olivo Pallo, Maurício Levy-Neto, Rosa Maria Rodrigues Pereira, Samuel Katsuyuki Shinjo
The comorbidities in relapsing polychondritis (RP) have been scarcely described in the literature. Moreover, apart from a few RP epidemiological studies, no studies specifically addressing RP distribution according to gender are available. Therefore, the objetives of the present study were: (a) to analyse the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases and its risk factors in a series of patients with RP; (b) to determine the influence of gender on RP. A cross-sectional tertiary single center study evaluating 30 RP cases from 1990 to 2016 was carried out...
February 20, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219965/a-public-health-response-to-opioid-use-in-pregnancy
#15
Stephen W Patrick, Davida M Schiff
The use of opioids during pregnancy has grown rapidly in the past decade. As opioid use during pregnancy increased, so did complications from their use, including neonatal abstinence syndrome. Several state governments responded to this increase by prosecuting and incarcerating pregnant women with substance use disorders; however, this approach has no proven benefits for maternal or infant health and may lead to avoidance of prenatal care and a decreased willingness to engage in substance use disorder treatment programs...
March 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193237/evaluation-of-quality-of-life-in-adults-with-neurofibromatosis-1-nf1-using-the-impact-of-nf1-on-quality-of-life-inf1-qol-questionnaire
#16
Rosalie E Ferner, Mary Thomas, Gemma Mercer, Victoria Williams, Guy D Leschziner, Shazia K Afridi, John F Golding
BACKGROUND: Neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) is an inherited, multi-system, tumour suppressor disorder with variable complications that cause psychological distress and social isolation. The study aim was to develop and validate a disease-specific questionnaire to measure quality of life (QOL) in NF1 that is suitable both as an assessment tool in clinical practice and in clinical trials of novel therapy. METHODS: The Impact of NF1 on Quality of Life (INF1-QOL) questionnaire was developed by a literature search for common terms, focus group (n = 6), semi-structured interviews (n = 21), initial drafts (n =50) and final 14 item questionnaire (n = 50)...
February 14, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170001/the-mcp-4-mcp-1-ratio-in-plasma-is-a-candidate-circadian-biomarker-for-chronic-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#17
C Dalgard, O Eidelman, C Jozwik, C H Olsen, M Srivastava, R Biswas, Y Eudy, S W Rothwell, G P Mueller, P Yuan, W C Drevets, H K Manji, M Vythlingam, D S Charney, A Neumeister, R J Ursano, D M Jacobowitz, H B Pollard, O Bonne
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is psychiatric disease, which can occur following exposure to traumatic events. PTSD may be acute or chronic, and can have a waxing and waning course of symptoms. It has been hypothesized that proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) or plasma might be mediators of the psychophysiological mechanisms relating a history of trauma exposure to changes in behavior and mental health disorders, and medical morbidity. Here we test the cytokine/chemokine hypothesis for PTSD by examining levels of 17 classical cytokines and chemokines in CSF, sampled at 0900 hours, and in plasma sampled hourly for 24 h...
February 7, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027046/factors-associated-with-success-in-an-occupational-rehabilitation-program-for-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders
#18
Mark E Hardison, Shawn C Roll
Work-related musculoskeletal disorders are a significant burden; however, no consensus has been reached on how to maximize occupational rehabilitation programs for people with these disorders, and the impact of simulating work tasks as a mode of intervention has not been well examined. In this retrospective cohort study, the authors used logistic regression to identify client and program factors predicting success for 95 clients in a general occupational rehabilitation program and 71 clients in a comprehensive occupational rehabilitation program...
January 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883317/somatoform-disorders-a-pediatric-experience
#19
Nada Pop-Jordanova, Tatjana Zorcec
Somatization in children consists of the persistent experience and complaints of somatic distress that cannot be fully explained by a medical diagnosis. Working at the Psychophysiological Department at the University Clinic we are dealing with more than 100 children per year manifesting this kind of disorders. The aim of this article is to summarize some specific characteristics of the somatoform disorder in a group of 243 children, mean age 10.31 (± 2.75) years for both genders, selected randomly. The used psychometric instruments are: CBCL, EPQ for children, and MMPI-201 for mothers...
November 1, 2016: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882412/impact-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-therapy-on-fracture-risk-in-children-treated-in-german-pediatric-practices
#20
L Jacob, K Kostev
Two thousand eight hundred ninety-four children and adolescents treated by 243 pediatricians were analyzed. Patients receiving attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medications were at a lower risk of fractures than patients without ADHD medications. The strongest impact was in the age group of 6-9 years. Finally, there was a significant association between therapy duration and fracture risk. INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to analyze the impact of ADHD therapy on fracture risk in children treated by German pediatricians...
November 24, 2016: Osteoporosis International
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