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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29848941/prevalence-of-fall-injuries-and-risk-factors-for-fall-among-hospitalized-children-in-a-specialized-childrens-hospital-in-saudi-arabia
#1
Banan Abdullah AlSowailmi, Maha Heshaam AlAkeely, Hayat Ibrahim AlJutaily, Mohammad Abdulaziz Alhasoon, Amir Omair, Hamad Abdullah AlKhalaf
BACKGROUND: Fall injuries among children during hospital stay is a major patient safety issue. Inpatient pediatric falls can lead to numerous negative consequences. In contrast to adults, there is a paucity of information on the prevalence and risk factors associated with children's falls during hospitalization. OBJECTIVES: Identify the prevalence of fall injuries among hospital.ized children and describe the demographic and environmental factors that could predict a higher risk of severe outcomes of fall...
May 2018: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773467/human-microbiome-restoration-and-safety
#2
REVIEW
Eric Banan-Mwine Daliri, Charles Nkufi Tango, Byong H Lee, Deog-Hwan Oh
The human gut microbiome consists of many bacteria which are in symbiotic relationship with human beings. The gut microbial metabolism, as well as the microbial-host co-metabolism, has been found to greatly influence health and disease. Factors such as diet, antibiotic use and lifestyle have been associated with alterations in the gut microbial community and may result in several pathological conditions. For this reason, several strategies including fecal microbiota transplant and probiotic administration have been applied and proven to be feasible and effective in restoring the gut microbiota in humans...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Medical Microbiology: IJMM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740930/retraction-of-articles-by-dr-m-aramli
#3
(no author information available yet)
The below articles published online on Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com) have been retracted by agreement between the submitting author, Mohammad Sadegh Aramli, the Editor-in-Chief, Heriberto Rodriguez-Martinez, and Blackwell Verlag GmbH. After a thorough investigation, there is strong evidence to indicate that the peer review of these papers was compromised. The identities of the reviewers were unable to be verified, and it is believed that these papers were accepted based on recommendations from reviewers not suitably qualified...
June 2018: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683439/perfusable-vascular-network-with-a-tissue-model-in-a-microfluidic-device
#4
Yuji Nashimoto, Yukako Teraoka, Ramin Banan Sadeghian, Akiko Nakamasu, Yuichiro Arima, Sanshiro Hanada, Hidetoshi Kotera, Koichi Nishiyama, Takashi Miura, Ryuji Yokokawa
A spheroid (a multicellular aggregate) is regarded as a good model of living tissues in the human body. Despite the significant advancement in the spheroid cultures, a perfusable vascular network in the spheroids remains a critical challenge for long-term culture required to maintain and develop their functions, such as protein expressions and morphogenesis. The protocol presents a novel method to integrate a perfusable vascular network within the spheroid in a microfluidic device. To induce a perfusable vascular network in the spheroid, angiogenic sprouts connected to microchannels were guided to the spheroid by utilizing angiogenic factors from human lung fibroblasts cultured in the spheroid...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682047/idh1-mutation-in-brain-stem-glioma-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#5
Seyed Amirhossein Javadi, Christian Hartmann, Gerhard Franz Walter, Roozbeh Banan, Amir Samii
The role of isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) mutation in brain stem glioma is not clear. To the best of our knowledge, six cases of brain stem gliomas carrying IDH1/2 mutations are currently reported in the literature. One case of diffuse brain stem glioma with IDH1 mutation, which was followed for 2 years, is presented and compared with IDH1 negative tumors. A 22-year-old lady was referred with diplopia and left arm palsy. Neuroimaging detected a nonenhancing, nonhomogeneous diffuse infiltrating brain stem tumor extending from pons to medulla...
April 2018: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667538/evaluation-of-gas-well-setback-policy-in-the-marcellus-shale-region-of-pennsylvania-in-relation-to-emissions-of-fine-particulate-matter
#6
Zoya Banan, Jeremy M Gernand
Shale gas has become an important strategic energy source with considerable potential economic benefits and the potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in so far as it displaces coal use. However, there still exist environmental health risks caused by emissions from exploration and production activities. In the United States, states and localities have set different minimum setback policies to reduce the health risks corresponding to the emissions from these locations, but it is unclear whether these policies are sufficient...
April 18, 2018: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399754/evaluation-of-anatomical-and-morphological-characteristics-of-the-nasopalatine-canal-in-a-turkish-population-by-cone-beam-computerized-tomography
#7
Selcuk Hakbilen, Guldane Magat
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to analyze as three dimensions the anatomical and morphometric dimensions of nasopalatine canal (NPC) in the coronal, axial and sagittal directions using cone beam volumetric tomography (CBCT) and to evaluate the effect of age, gender and maxillary dental status on NPC and buccal bone thickness (BBT). METHODS: In this study, CBCT data of the 619 individuals aged between 17-86 years were examined retrospectively with respect to dimensions and anatomic variations of the NPC and BBTs...
February 5, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399553/effects-of-ectoine-on-behavior-and-candidate-genes-expression-in-icv-stz-rat-model-of-sporadic-alzheimer-s-disease
#8
Niloofar Bazazzadegan, Marzieh Dehghan Shasaltaneh, Kioomars Saliminejad, Koorosh Kamali, Mehdi Banan, Reza Nazari, Gholam Hossein Riazi, Hamid Reza Khorram Khorshid
Purpose: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is pathologically defined by the presence of amyloid plaques and tangles in the brain, therefore, any drug or compound with potential effect on lowering amyloid plaques, could be noticed for AD management especially in the primary phases of the disease. Ectoine constitutes a group of small molecule chaperones (SMCs). SMCs inhibit proteins and other changeable macromolecular structures misfolding from environmental stresses. Ectoine has been reported successfully prohibit insulin amyloid formation in vitro...
December 2017: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374895/-temporal-spatial-analysis-of-bacillary-dysentery-in-the-three-gorges-area-of-china-2005-2016
#9
P Zhang, J Zhang, Z R Chang, Z J Li
Objective: To analyze the spatial and temporal distributions of bacillary dysentery in Chongqing, Yichang and Enshi (the Three Gorges Area) from 2005 to 2016, and provide evidence for the disease prevention and control. Methods: The incidence data of bacillary dysentery in the Three Gorges Area during this period were collected from National Notifiable Infectious Disease Reporting System. The spatial-temporal scan statistic was conducted with software SaTScan 9.4 and bacillary dysentery clusters were visualized with software ArcGIS 10...
January 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299890/comparison-of-the-effects-of-clofibrate-and-silafibrate-on-sperm-parameters-quality-and-sex-hormones-in-male-rats
#10
Masoud Delashoub, Mojtaba Ziaee, Arash Khorrami, Seyed Mahdi Banan-Khojasteh
PURPOSE: Fibrates are drugs widely used for the treatment of hyperlipidemic disorders. Previous studies on a novel analogue of clofibrate, called silafibrate, have shown good lipid lowering effects. This study was designed to assess the role of silafibrate as a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) agonist on sperm health and spermatogenesis in adult male rats. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seventy male Wistar rats were randomly allocated into 7 groups: Cl-10, Cl-20, and Cl-40 mg/kg/day (clofibrate); Si-10, Si-20, and Si-40 mg/kg/day (silafibrate); and C, control...
March 18, 2018: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221463/correction-to-recessive-vars2-mutation-underlies-a-novel-syndrome-with-epilepsy-mental-retardation-short-stature-growth-hormone-deficiency-and-hypogonadism
#11
Abdulaziz Alsemari, Banan Al-Younes, Ewa Goljan, Dyala Jaroudi, Faisal BinHumaid, Brian F Meyer, Stefan T Arold, Dorota Monies
After publication of the article [1], it has been brought to our attention that there is a nomenclature issue with this article. At the time of acceptance, the VARS2 mutation was considered equivalent to the VARS2 mutation. However, this has changed so that VARS now only refers to shorter mitochondrial sequence of valyl-tRNA synthesase containing 1093 amino acids. "Therefore, in the context of this article, every usage of "VARS2" should be replaced with "VARS" when referring to the causative variant"...
December 8, 2017: Human Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220448/cancer-odor-database-cod-a-critical-databank-for-cancer-diagnosis-research
#12
Sajjad Janfaza, Maryam Banan Nojavani, Babak Khorsand, Maryam Nikkhah, Javad Zahiri
http://bioinf.modares.ac.ir/software/cod/.
January 1, 2017: Database: the Journal of Biological Databases and Curation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137650/recessive-vars2-mutation-underlies-a-novel-syndrome-with-epilepsy-mental-retardation-short-stature-growth-hormone-deficiency-and-hypogonadism
#13
Abdulaziz Alsemari, Banan Al-Younes, Ewa Goljan, Dyala Jaroudi, Faisal BinHumaid, Brian F Meyer, Stefan T Arold, Dorota Monies
BACKGROUND: Most mitochondrial and cytoplasmic aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (aaRSs) are encoded by nuclear genes. Syndromic disorders resulting from mutation of aaRSs genes display significant phenotypic heterogeneity. We expand aaRSs-related phenotypes through characterization of the clinical and molecular basis of a novel autosomal-recessive syndrome manifesting severe mental retardation, ataxia, speech impairment, epilepsy, short stature, microcephaly, hypogonadism, and growth hormone deficiency...
November 14, 2017: Human Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122895/migration-of-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-to-urethral-and-rectal-orifices
#14
Banan Osman, Stella Roushias, Rachel Hargest, Krishna Narahari
Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt surgery remains the most widely used neurosurgical procedure for the management of hydrocephalus. However, shunt complications are common and may require multiple surgical procedures during a patient's lifetime. We report the case of a 29-year-old patient with a background of Dandy-Walker malformation, occipital encephalocele, recurrent hydrocephalus, spina bifida and epilepsy presented with VP shunt migration into urinary and gastrointestinal tracts. In absence of sepsis or peritonism from either bowel or bladder perforation, local control of stent extrusion was successful for several years, although surgery was eventually undertaken...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110692/identification-of-a-novel-genetic-locus-underlying-tremor-and-dystonia
#15
Dorota Monies, Hussam Abou Al-Shaar, Ewa A Goljan, Banan Al-Younes, Muna Monther Abdullah Al-Breacan, Maher Mohammed Al-Saif, Salma M Wakil, Brian F Meyer, Khalid S A Khabar, Saeed Bohlega
BACKGROUND: Five affected individuals with syndromic tremulous dystonia, spasticity, and white matter disease from a consanguineous extended family covering a period of over 24 years are presented. A positional cloning approach utilizing genome-wide linkage, homozygozity mapping and whole exome sequencing was used for genetic characterization. The impact of a calmodulin-binding transcription activator 2, (CAMTA2) isoform 2, hypomorphic mutation on mRNA and protein abundance was studied using fluorescent reporter expression cassettes...
November 6, 2017: Human Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071234/effects-of-herbal-compound-imod-on-behavior-and-expression-of-alzheimer-s-disease-related-genes-in-streptozotocin-rat-model-of-sporadic-alzheimer-s-disease
#16
Niloofar Bazazzadegan, Marzieh Dehghan Shasaltaneh, Kioomars Saliminejad, Koorosh Kamali, Mehdi Banan, Hamid Reza Khorram Khorshid
Purpose: Sporadic Alzheimer's disease (AD) accounts for over 95% of cases. Possible mechanisms of AD such as inflammation and oxidative stresses in the brain motivate researchers to follow many therapies which would be effective, especially in the early stages of the disease. IMOD, the herbal extract of R. Canina, T. Vulgare and U. Dioica plant species enriched with selenium, has anti-inflammatory, immunoregulatory and protective effects against oxidative stress. Methods: In this study three AD-related genes, DAXX, NFκβ and VEGF, were chosen as candidate to investigate the neuroprotective effect of the extract by comparing their expression levels in the hippocampus of rat model of sporadic AD, using qPCR in the herbal-treated and control groups...
September 2017: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071136/medical-expulsive-therapy-for-ureteric-stones-analysing-the-evidence-from-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analysis-of-powered-double-blinded-randomised-controlled-trials
#17
REVIEW
Tarik Amer, Banan Osman, Allan Johnstone, Martin Mariappan, Ameet Gupta, Nikolaos Brattis, Gareth Jones, Bhaskar K Somani, Francis X Keeley, Omar M Aboumarzouk
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis investigating the efficacy and safety of medical expulsive therapy (MET) in low risk of bias (RoB) randomised controlled trials (RCTs). METHODS: A Cochrane style systematic review was conducted on published literature from 1990 to 2016, to include low RoB and a power calculation. A pooled meta-analysis was conducted. RESULTS: The MET group included 1387 vs 1381 patients in the control group...
June 2017: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038723/survey-of-awareness-of-diabetes-mellitus-among-the-arar-population-northern-border-region-of-saudi-arabia
#18
Aseel Menwer Alanazi, Nagah Mohamed Abo El-Fetoh, Hanan Khalid Alotaibi, Khalid Ayed Alanazi, Banan Khalid Alotaibi, Sultan Majed Alshammari, Saud Rteamy Alanazi, Meshari Dalaf Alhazmi, Yousef Talal Alshammari, Zaid Qati Alshammari
BACKGROUND: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is one of the most widely prevalent diseases in Saudi Arabia. Health education is considered an essential component to improve knowledge and change behavior. People affected by diabetes often have inadequate knowledge about the nature of diabetes, its risk factors and associated complication. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the awareness of the Arar population with various aspects of diabetes mellitus. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in Arar city, the capital of the Northern Province of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA)...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017575/evidence-for-viable-and-stable-triploid-trypanosoma-congolense-parasites
#19
Eliane Tihon, Hideo Imamura, Jean-Claude Dujardin, Jan Van Den Abbeele
BACKGROUND: Recent whole genome sequencing (WGS) analysis identified a viable triploid strain of Trypanosoma congolense. This triploid strain BANANCL2 was a clone of the field isolate BANAN/83/CRTRA/64 that was collected from cattle in Burkina Faso in 1983. RESULTS: We demonstrated the viability and stability of triploidy throughout the complete life-cycle of the parasite by infecting tsetse flies with the triploid clone BANANCL2. Proboscis-positive tsetse flies efficiently transmitted the parasites to mice resulting in systemic infections...
October 10, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926965/glycemic-responses-glycemic-index-and-glycemic-load-values-of-some-street-foods-prepared-from-plantain-musa-spp-aab-genome-in-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#20
Camille Adam Kouamé, Nestor Kouakou Kouassi, Denis Yao N'dri, Kingsley Kwadwo Asare Pereko, Maria Cristina Casiraghi, Abodo Jacko Rhedoor, Georges N'guessan Amani
The glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) of four culinary preferences including five local street dishes prepared from three varieties of plantain at different maturity stages was determined. The GI was obtained following ISO/FDI 26642:2010 protocol, and the GL was calculated from test foods' GI, considering the amount of available carbohydrate in the traditional portion size. GI values were 44 for Klaclo (with Ameletiha variety at all black stage), 39 for Aloco (with Agnrin variety at full yellow stage), 39 for Aloco (with Agnrin variety at full yellow with black spots stage); 45 for Chips (with Ameletiha variety at green stage) and 89 for Banane braisée (with Afoto variety at light green stage)...
September 16, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
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