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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30416356/systematic-review-of-the-safety-of-medication-use-in-inpatient-outpatient-and-primary-care-settings-in-the-gulf-cooperation-council-countries
#1
REVIEW
Jamilah Alsaidan, Jane Portlock, Hisham Saad Aljadhey, Nada Atef Shebl, Bryony Dean Franklin
Background: Errors in medication use are a patient safety concern globally, with different regions reporting differing error rates, causes of errors and proposed solutions. The objectives of this review were to identify, summarise, review and evaluate published studies on medication errors, drug related problems and adverse drug events in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries. Methods: A systematic review was carried out using six databases, searching for literature published between January 1990 and August 2016...
November 2018: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30410316/a-qualitative-exploration-of-barriers-to-medication-adherence-among-patients-with-uncontrolled-diabetes-in-qatar-integrating-perspectives-of-patients-and-health-care-providers
#2
Myriam Jaam, Muhammad Abdul Hadi, Nadir Kheir, Mohamed Izham Mohamed Ibrahim, Mohammad Issam Diab, Samya Ahmad Al-Abdulla, Ahmed Awaisu
Purpose: To develop an in-depth understanding of the barriers to medication adherence among patients with uncontrolled diabetes attending primary health care (PHC) centers in Qatar by exploring and integrating patients' and health care providers' perspectives. Participants and methods: A descriptive qualitative methodology was used in this study. A trained researcher conducted semi-structured face-to-face interviews at two PHC centers. Patients with uncontrolled diabetes (with varied sociodemographic characteristics) and their respective health care providers (physicians, pharmacists, nurses, dieticians, and others) were purposively selected from the two PHC centers...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30401999/roles-and-impacts-of-the-transplant-pharmacist-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Sébastien Sam, Aurélie Guérin, André Rieutord, Stéphanie Belaiche, Jean-François Bussières
Background: Pharmacists have been involved in the care of transplant recipients for several decades, and a growing body of literature shows the beneficial effects of clinical pharmacist care on important outcomes for these patients. Objectives: The primary objective was to describe the roles and impacts of pharmacists in a solid organ transplant setting. The secondary objective was to describe and rate the pharmacists' interventions. Data Sources: Three databases-PubMed, Embase, and Evidence-Based Medicine Reviews-were searched from January 1, 1990, to June 16, 2015...
September 2018: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30396821/greater-burden-of-chronic-comorbidities-and-co-medications-among-people-living-with-hiv-versus-people-without-hiv-in-japan-a-hospital-claims-database-study
#4
Daniel J Ruzicka, Kentaro Imai, Kenichi Takahashi, Toshio Naito
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the prevalence of chronic comorbidities and the use of co-medications among people living with HIV (PLWH) on antiretrovirals in Japan, compared with age-matched controls without HIV. METHODS: This was an observational, retrospective, cross-sectional study using a hospital claims database of Japanese hospitals with advanced medical capabilities (i.e., advanced treatment hospitals, general hospitals, acute care hospitals). We extracted data for PLWH aged ≥18 years with a prescription record of antiretrovirals between January 2010 and December 2015, and for age-, sex-, and hospital-matched people without HIV...
November 2, 2018: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30367376/role-and-impact-of-pharmacists-in-spain-a-scoping-review
#5
Mar Saavedra-Mitjans, Éléonore Ferrand, Noe Garin, Jean-François Bussières
Background The role of the pharmacist has evolved greatly over the last decades, expanding to patient-oriented activities, administrative tasks and public health functions. However, considerable differences emerge across regions. Aim of the review To gather evidence in order to describe and highlight the different characteristics of the pharmacists' role and the impact of their activities in Spain. Method A review of the existing literature was conducted. The literature search was undertaken in PubMed between 01/01/2006 and 15/08/2017...
October 26, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30362997/readmission-of-high-risk-discharged-patients-at-a-tertiary-hospital-in-korea
#6
Young Man Kim, Taehee Lee, Hyun Joo Lee, You Lee Yang, Eui Geum Oh
This study aims to investigate the readmission rates of major disease groups as stated by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services and to identify risk factors related to readmission in Korea. We studied 2,973 patients discharged from a 2,200-bed tertiary referral hospital in South Korea, from April 1, 2016, to March 31, 2017. Using electronic medical records, we calculated the 30-day readmission rates of seven diseases: acute myocardial infarction, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), heart failure (HF), pneumonia, stroke, coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), and total hip arthroplasty/total knee arthroplasty...
October 22, 2018: Journal for Healthcare Quality: Official Publication of the National Association for Healthcare Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30355674/medication-reconciliation-ineffective-or-hard-to-implement
#7
Edward Etchells, Olavo Fernandes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2018: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30344815/drug-drug-interaction-assessment-and-identification-in-the-primary-care-setting
#8
John Peabody, Maria Czarina Acelajado, Tim Robert, Cheryl Hild, Joshua Schrecker, David Paculdo, Mary Tran, Elaine Jeter
Background: Drug-drug interactions (DDIs) are ubiquitous, harmful and a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. With an aging population, growth in polypharmacy, widespread use of supplements, and the rising opioid abuse epidemic, primary care physicians (PCPs) are increasingly challenged with identifying and preventing DDIs. We set out to evaluate current clinical practices related to identifying and treating DDIs and to determine if opportunities to increase prevention of DDIs and their adverse events could be identified...
November 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30344092/primary-care-workflow-process-mapping-of-medication-related-activities-performed-by-non-provider-staff-a-pilot-project-s-approach
#9
Kathryn Steckowych, Marie Smith
BACKGROUND: A workflow process mapping approach was previously developed to understand the impact of primary care medication use processes on medication safety. The workflow process mapping approach was applied to a pilot project in one primary care practice. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this article is to: (1) exemplify how workflow process mapping was implemented in one primary care practice to characterize medication safety issues (i.e., critical workflow gaps/deviations), (2) discuss the identified critical medication safety workflow gaps and deviations, and (3) summarize the pragmatic, practice-level recommendations developed to enhance practice-level medication safety...
September 28, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30340977/-prioritisation-of-tools-for-integrated-care-local-survey-of-health-professionals-beliefs-and-expectations
#10
L Corral Gudino, L A Rodríguez Arroyo, L M Zorita-Viota Sánchez
INTRODUCTION: Integrated care is a top priority for most of the National Health Services. In this study, an evaluation is made on the professional's beliefs and expectations regarding integration. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between March and June 2017, Health Professionals from El Bierzo, León, Spain, were invited to complete 2 questionnaires on health integration process, including an online questionnaire on patient care integration (405 and 211 participants, respectively out of the total 1854 professionals)...
October 16, 2018: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30338471/lost-in-transition-a-qualitative-study-of-patients-discharged-from-hospital-to-skilled-nursing-facility
#11
Emily A Gadbois, Denise A Tyler, Renee Shield, John McHugh, Ulrika Winblad, Joan M Teno, Vincent Mor
OBJECTIVE: This research aimed to understand the experiences of patients transitioning from hospitals to skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) by eliciting views from patients and hospital and skilled nursing facility staff. DESIGN: We conducted semi-structured interviews with hospital and skilled nursing facility staff and skilled nursing facility patients and their family members in an attempt to understand transitions between hospital and SNF. These interviews focused on all aspects of the discharge planning and nursing facility placement processes including who is involved, how decisions are made, patients' experiences, hospital-SNF communication, and the presence of programs to improve the transition process...
October 18, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30272201/cost-benefit-analysis-of-transitional-care-in-neurosurgery
#12
Jingyi Liu, Natalia Gormley, Hormuzdiyar H Dasenbrock, Linda S Aglio, Timothy R Smith, William B Gormley, Faith C Robertson
BACKGROUND: Transitional care programs (TCPs) coordinate care to improve safety and efficiency surrounding hospital discharge. While TCPs have the potential to reduce hospital length of stay and readmissions, their financial implications are less well understood. OBJECTIVE: To perform a cost-benefit analysis of a previously published neurosurgical TCP implemented at an urban academic hospital from 2013 to 2015. METHODS: Patients received intensive preoperative education and framing of expectations for hospitalization, in-hospital discharge planning and medication reconciliation with a nurse educator, and a follow-up phone call postdischarge...
September 28, 2018: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30270723/combined-insulin-and-glp-1-receptor-agonists-simplifying-treatment-or-adding-obstacles
#13
Tianrui Yang, B Tate Cutshall, Alexandra Tatara, Melanie Ruegger
The US Food and Drug Administration recently approved 2 combination products containing a basal insulin and a glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonist: insulin glargine/lixisenatide and insulin degludec/liraglutide. These agents were shown to be noninferior in lowering hemoglobin A1c compared to basal insulin and are indicated for patients inadequately controlled on basal insulin or glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonists alone. The clinical implications of these agents are unclear due to limitations in the clinical trials and limited recommendations in current guidelines...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30265678/service-design-oriented-multidisciplinary-collaborative-team-care-service-model-development-for-resolving-drug-related-problems
#14
Nayoung Han, Seung Hee Han, Hyuneun Chu, Jaehyun Kim, Ki Yon Rhew, Jeong-Hyun Yoon, Nam Kyung Je, Sandy Jeong Rhie, Eunhee Ji, Euni Lee, Yon Su Kim, Jung Mi Oh
Our goal was to help prevent drug-related morbidity and mortality by developing a collaborative multidisciplinary team care (MTC) service model using a service design framework that addressed the unmet needs and perspectives of diverse stakeholders. Our service model was based on a "4D" framework that included Discover, Define, Design, and Develop phases. In the "discover" phase, we conducted desk research and field research of stakeholders to identify the unmet needs in existing patient care services...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30242587/development-of-a-tool-for-benchmarking-of-clinical-pharmacy-activities
#15
Cillis Marine, Spinewine Anne, Krug Bruno, Quennery Stéfanie, Wouters Dominique, Dalleur Olivia
Background Initiatives are needed to promote and evaluate clinical pharmacy. In this context, benchmarking could be useful. Objective To develop and validate a benchmarking tool for clinical pharmacy activities. Setting Six Belgian hospitals. Method A narrative literature review and two focus groups were performed to identify (1) clinical pharmacy benchmarking projects, (2) clinical pharmacy activities with a proven positive impact on the quality of care for patients, (3) quality indicators and (4) contextual factors to be included in the tool...
September 21, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30239356/reducing-adverse-medication-events-in-mental-health-australian-national-survey
#16
Svetla Gadzhanova, Elizabeth Roughead, Helen Lowy, Daniel O'Connor
AIM: To determine the extent to which evidence-based medication safety practices have been implemented in public and private mental health inpatient units across Australia. METHODS: The Reducing Adverse Medication Events in Mental Health survey was piloted in Victoria, Australia, in 2015, and rolled out nationally in 2016. In total, 235 mental health inpatient units from all States and Territories in Australia were invited to participate. The survey included questions about the demographics of the mental health unit, evidence-based strategies to improve prescription writing, the administration and dispensing of medicines and pharmacy-led interventions, and also questions relating to consumer engagement in medication management and shared decision-making...
September 18, 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30234367/the-prevalence-and-nature-of-medication-errors-and-adverse-events-related-to-preadmission-medications-when-patients-are-admitted-to-an-orthopedic-inpatient-unit-an-observational-study
#17
Tim Tran, Simone E Taylor, Andrew Hardidge, Elise Mitri, Parnaz Aminian, Johnson George, Rohan A Elliott
BACKGROUND: Medication errors commonly occur when patients move from the community into hospital. Whereas medication reconciliation by pharmacists can detect errors, delays in undertaking this can increase the risk that patients receive incorrect admission medication regimens. Orthopedic patients are an at-risk group because they are often elderly and use multiple medications. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence and nature of medication errors when patients are admitted to an orthopedic unit where pharmacists routinely undertake postprescribing medication reconciliation...
September 20, 2018: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30189000/engaging-hospital-patients-in-the-medication-reconciliation-process-using-tablet-computers
#18
Jennifer E Prey, Fernanda Polubriaginof, Lisa V Grossman, Ruth Masterson Creber, Demetra Tsapepas, Rimma Perotte, Min Qian, Susan Restaino, Suzanne Bakken, George Hripcsak, Leigh Efird, Joseph Underwood, David K Vawdrey
Objective: Unintentional medication discrepancies contribute to preventable adverse drug events in patients. Patient engagement in medication safety beyond verbal participation in medication reconciliation is limited. We conducted a pilot study to determine whether patients' use of an electronic home medication review tool could improve medication safety during hospitalization. Materials and Methods: Patients were randomized to use a tool before or after hospital admission medication reconciliation to review and modify their home medication list...
November 1, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30181862/using-emr-enabled-computerized-decision-support-systems-to-reduce-prescribing-of-potentially-inappropriate-medications-a-narrative-review
#19
REVIEW
Ian A Scott, Peter I Pillans, Michael Barras, Christopher Morris
Prescribing of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) that pose more risk than benefit in older patients is a common occurrence across all healthcare settings. Reducing such prescribing has been challenging despite multiple interventions, including educational campaigns, audits and feedback, geriatrician assessment and formulary restrictions. With the increasing uptake of electronic medical records (EMRs) across hospitals, clinics and residential aged care facilities (RACFs), integrated with computerized physician order entry (CPOE) and e-prescribing, opportunities exist for incorporating clinical decision support systems (CDSS) into EMR at the point of care...
September 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30181822/a-quality-improvement-intervention-to-enhance-performance-and-perceived-confidence-of-new-internal-medicine-residents
#20
Ahmed Otokiti, Abdelhaleem Sideeg, Paulisa Ward, Merina Dongol, Mohamed Osman, Oloruntobi Rahaman, Syed Abid
Background : Orientation for new medical residents is challenging due to the diversity of prior experiences and cultural backgrounds and is compounded by a lack of orientation curricula that adequately addresses the needs of the medical residents to allow them to perform their duties in an efficient manner from the start. The beginning of residency training is associated with reduced quality of healthcare widely referred to as the 'July effect'. Objective : To assess the impact of a peer-led orientation for new interns on (a) self-reported confidence level, (b) improvement in performance of first-year residents in appropriate clinical documentation and efficient discharge procedures and protocols...
2018: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
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