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indications of transfusion in surgery

Youlong Wang, Wenbin Ji, Xi Zhang, Jingwang Tan
BACKGROUND: Liver resection or enucleation has been the basic treatment for liver hemangioma. However, there were few reports about laparoscopic surgery (LS) of hemangioma. The intention of this study is to explore the indication and efficacy of LS for laparoscopic hepatectomy (LH) and develop an opinion of these modern developments. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-four patients with LH underwent LS, with hemihepatic vascular occlusion (HVO group n = 24) or modified vascular occlusion (MVO group n = 20), and were retrospectively reviewed, including patients' demography, surgical technique, tumor size and location, blood loss, operation time, complications, modes of hepatic vascular occlusion and changes in postoperative liver function, and the difference in patients demography and operative outcome between HVO and MVO groups were compared as well...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Javier A Valle, Laura Graham, Aerin DeRussy, Kamal Itani, Mary T Hawn, Thomas M Maddox
BACKGROUND: Triple therapy, or the use of anticoagulants with dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT), is often used to protect against ischemic events in post-percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) patients with indications for anticoagulation, but is associated with increased bleeding. As both ischemic and bleeding risks increase in the perioperative period, the impact of triple therapy may be especially pronounced in patients undergoing surgery. Outcomes in this population are currently unknown...
October 12, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
Jeffrey L Carson, Gordon Guyatt, Nancy M Heddle, Brenda J Grossman, Claudia S Cohn, Mark K Fung, Terry Gernsheimer, John B Holcomb, Lewis J Kaplan, Louis M Katz, Nikki Peterson, Glenn Ramsey, Sunil V Rao, John D Roback, Aryeh Shander, Aaron A R Tobian
Importance: More than 100 million units of blood are collected worldwide each year, yet the indication for red blood cell (RBC) transfusion and the optimal length of RBC storage prior to transfusion are uncertain. Objective: To provide recommendations for the target hemoglobin level for RBC transfusion among hospitalized adult patients who are hemodynamically stable and the length of time RBCs should be stored prior to transfusion. Evidence Review: Reference librarians conducted a literature search for randomized clinical trials (RCTs) evaluating hemoglobin thresholds for RBC transfusion (1950-May 2016) and RBC storage duration (1948-May 2016) without language restrictions...
October 12, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Hemanshoo Sudhir Thakkar, Jonathan Durell, Subhasis Chakraborty, Bianca-Lea Tingle, Arnwald Choi, Darren J Fowler, Steve J Gould, Lawrence Impey, Kokila Lakhoo
Congenital airway pulmonary malformations are increasingly being diagnosed, but their management continues to remain controversial. Our approach has been to offer surgery to mitigate the risk of infection and possible malignancy. All patients routinely undergo a CT scan of the chest postnatally and once the diagnosis is confirmed, minimal access surgery is offered. Our anesthetists provide single-lung ventilation to enhance the operative view. We conducted a retrospective review over a 10-year period, during which 91 patients were prenatally suspected to have a cystic lung lesion...
October 10, 2016: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Alfredo Guilherme Haack Couto, Bruno Araújo, Roberto André Torres de Vasconcelos, Marcos José Renni, Clóvis Orlando Da Fonseca, Ismar Lima Cavalcanti
BACKGROUND: Hemipelvectomy is a major orthopedic surgical procedure indicated in specific situations. Although many studies discuss surgical techniques for hemipelvectomy, few studies have presented survival data, especially in underdeveloped countries. Additionally, there is limited information on anesthesia for orthopedic oncologic surgeries. The primary aim of this study was to determine the survival rate after hemipelvectomy, and the secondary aims were to evaluate anesthesia and perioperative care associated with hemipelvectomy and determine the influence of the surgical technique (external hemipelvectomy [amputation] or internal hemipelvectomy [limb sparing surgery]) on anesthesia and perioperative care in Brazil...
October 7, 2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
Dzenana Begic, Ermina Mujicic, Jozo Coric, Lejla Zunic
INTRODUCTION: The hospital blood bank (HBB) need to timely provide adequate amounts of blood and blood products for surgeries. For various surgical programs are performed assessments of the average number of blood doses needed for surgery. By using two types of requisitions BT/AB (blood type/antibody) and BT/AB/MT (blood type/antibody/match test) for pretransfusion immunohaematological testing in General Hospital "Prim. Dr. Abdulah Nakas" is achieved more rational consumption of blood and blood derivatives and financial savings through reduced number of matching tests (MT)...
July 24, 2016: Materia Socio-medica
Leonid S Grossman, Amber L Price, Eric T Rush, Jennifer L Goodwin, Maegen J Wallace, Paul W Esposito
BACKGROUND: To report a single-center surgical experience treating humeral deformity and fractures in children with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) using the Fassier-Duval (FD) intramedullary elongating rods. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted between December 2005 and July 2013 of all OI patients who underwent FD rodding with a minimum of 1-year follow-up. All patients were also being concurrently treated with bisphosphonates. RESULTS: Eighteen patients underwent internal fixation on a total of 35 humeri: 7 males and 11 females with an average age of 49 months...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Maimoona Ahmed, Sunil T Pandya, Tarakeswari Supraneni
PURPOSE: To determine the risk factors and associated comorbidities with a relaparotomy after primary surgery in pregnant mothers and to identify preventable causes. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was done at a tertiary care centre from January 2009 till August 2014. All records of exploratory laparotomy following primary surgery in the obstetric population during this period were retrieved from the hospital database and analysed. RESULTS: The incidence of relaparotomy was 0...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Hasan Terzi, Alper Biler, Omer Demirtas, Omer Tolga Guler, Nuri Peker, Ahmet Kale
OBJECTIVE: To assess the learning curve for total laparoscopic hysterectomy. METHODS: This study was a retrospective analysis of the learning curve for two surgeons during their first 257 consecutive cases of total laparoscopic hysterectomy at a teaching hospital. Patients were divided sequentially into groups comprising the first 75 patients, the next 75, and the final 107 patients. Age, body mass index, gestational parity, indications for laparoscopic hysterectomy, previous pelvic surgery, operating time, haemoglobin decline, complications, need for transfusion, and length of hospital stay were evaluated...
September 12, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
Sara Nasser, Jumana Almuheimid, Helmut Plett, Jalid Sehouli, Mustafa Zelal Muallem
AIM: In this study we aimed to analyze the safety and feasibility of total mesometrial resection (TMMR) using the laparoscopic approach. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Laparoscopic TMMR and pelvic lymphadenectomy (LNE) was carried out in 34 patients with cervical cancer FIGO IA-IIB from April 2012-April 2016 at our tertiary center. Para-aortic LNE was performed when indicated. The main outcomes included surgical margins, a number of retrieved lymph node, intra- and post-operative complications, and recurrence rates...
September 2016: Anticancer Research
Chang-Long Chen, Qiu-Zhong Pan, Jing-Jing Zhao, Ying Wang, Yong-Qiang Li, Qi-Jing Wang, Ke Pan, De-Sheng Weng, Shan-Shan Jiang, Yan Tang, Xiao-Fei Zhang, Hong-Xia Zhang, Zi-Qi Zhou, Yi-Xin Zeng, Jian-Chuan Xia
Cytokine-induced killer (CIK) cell immunotherapy represents an effective treatment strategy for treating hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the therapeutic benefits of CIK cell treatment can be influenced by differences in complex immune microenvironment between patients. Herein, we investigated the relationship between PD-L1 expression and survival benefits of CIK cell immunotherapy in HCC patients. This retrospective study included 448 HCC patients: 217 cases underwent hepatectomy alone; 231 cases received hepatectomy and post-operative CIK cell transfusion...
July 2016: Oncoimmunology
HongJing Jiang, Yu Zhou
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to objectively evaluate the safety and efficacy of Thulium laser prostatectmy (TmLRP) versus transurethral resection of prostate (TURP) in treating benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH). METHODS: Online databases such as Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, and Chinese biomedicine literature database were searched by randomized control trial (RCT), quasi-randomized control trial (Q-RCT) and case control study (CCSs) about TmLRP versus TURP for the treatment of BPH...
September 2016: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
Dian-Bo Yao, Shuo-Dong Wu
The liver is a vascular-rich solid organ. Safe and effective dissection of the vessels and liver parenchyma, and control of intraoperative bleeding are the main concerns when performing liver resection. Several studies have confirmed that intraoperative blood loss and postoperative transfusion are predictors of postoperative morbidity and mortality in liver surgery. Various methods and instruments have been developed during hepatectomy. Stapling devices are crucial for safe and rapid anastomosis. They are used to divide hepatic veins and portal branches, and to transect liver parenchyma in open liver resection...
August 21, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
H Schotola, A J Wetz, A F Popov, I Bergmann, B C Danner, F A Schöndube, M Bauer, A Bräuer
At the end of cardiopulmonary bypass, there are invariably several hundred millilitres of residual pump blood in the reservoir, which can either be re-transfused or discarded. The objective of this prospective observational study was to investigate the quality of the residual pump blood, focusing on plasma free haemoglobin (pfHb) and blood cell counts. Fifty-one consecutive patients were included in the study. Forty-nine units of residual pump blood and 58 units of transfused red blood cell (RBC) concentrates were analysed...
September 2016: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
Intan Iliana Iliassa, Wan Mohd Zahiruddin Wan Mohammad, Jun Jie Tan, Yasmin Ayob
BACKGROUND: Cryoprecipitate is generally used to treat bleeding patients with hypofibrinogenemia, and the transfusion decision is guided based on published guidelines. AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the practice appropriateness in accordance to cryoprecipitate transfusion guidelines in Hospital Kuala Lumpur. METHODOLOGY: This cross-sectional study of 117 cryoprecipitates transfused adult patients was conducted in Kuala Lumpur Hospital from January to June 2012...
July 2016: Asian Journal of Transfusion Science
Pasquale L Fedele, Mark N Polizzotto, George Grigoriadis, Neil Waters, Mary Comande, Marija Borosak, David Portbury, Erica M Wood
BACKGROUND: Demand for platelet (PLT) and plasma transfusions is increasing. Improved clinical supply and contingency planning requires greater understanding of usage profiles and urgency of clinical requirement. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: This study was a random-sample survey of PLT and plasma units produced in Victoria, Australia, to determine product disposition, recipient demographics, clinical indications for transfusion, and urgency (or "deferability") of need...
October 2016: Transfusion
Tyler J Brolin, Ryan P Mulligan, Frederick M Azar, Thomas W Throckmorton
BACKGROUND: Recent emphasis on safe and efficient delivery of high-quality health care has increased interest in outpatient total joint arthroplasty. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety of outpatient total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) by comparing episode-of-care complications in matched cohorts of patients with anatomic TSA as an outpatient or inpatient procedure. METHODS: Thirty patients with outpatient TSA at a freestanding ambulatory surgery center (ASC) were compared with an age- and comorbidities-matched cohort of 30 patients with traditional inpatient TSA to evaluate 90-day episode-of-care complications, including hospital admissions or readmissions and reoperations...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
A Le Gouez, F J Mercier
Major obstetric hemorrhage is a challenge for anesthesiologists because it remains responsible for over 10% of maternal deaths in high-income countries. A standardized multidisciplinary management, described in locally validated protocols and based on international guidelines is mandatory to prevent these deaths. The first difficulty relies on the systematic underestimation of the bleeding. Collection bags must be used to facilitate the diagnosis and therefore rapid management. The etiologies in antenatal or postpartum must be well-known in order to be treated adequately...
August 31, 2016: Transfusion Clinique et Biologique: Journal de la Société Française de Transfusion Sanguine
Patrick A Calvert, David B Northridge, Iqbal S Malik, Leonard Shapiro, Peter Ludman, Shakeel A Qureshi, Michael Mullen, Robert Henderson, Mark Turner, Martin Been, Kevin P Walsh, Ivan Casserly, Lindsay Morrison, Nicola L Walker, John Thomson, Mark S Spence, Vaikom S Mahadevan, Angela Hoye, Philip A MacCarthy, Matthew J Daniels, Paul Clift, William R Davies, Philip D Adamson, Gareth Morgan, Suneil K Aggarwal, Yasmin Ismail, Julian O M Ormerod, Habib R Khan, Sujay Subash Chandran, Joseph de Giovanni, Bushra S Rana, Oliver Ormerod, David Hildick-Smith
BACKGROUND: Paravalvular leak (PVL) occurs in 5% to 17% of patients following surgical valve replacement. Percutaneous device closure represents an alternative to repeat surgery. METHODS: All UK and Ireland centers undertaking percutaneous PVL closure submitted data to the UK PVL Registry. Data were analyzed for association with death and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) at follow-up. RESULTS: Three hundred eight PVL closure procedures were attempted in 259 patients in 20 centers (2004-2015)...
September 27, 2016: Circulation
Zhijun Qu, Geng Wang, Chengshi Xu, Dazhi Zhang, Xiangdong Qu, Haibin Zhou, Jun Ma
BACKGROUND: Preoperative platelet rich plasma (PRP) harvest has been used in cardiopulmonary surgery for more than 10 years. There is no previous study dealing with PRP in bilateral total hip replacement. This study was to investigate the effects of PRP on blood saving and blood coagulation function in patients with bilateral total hip replacement. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective, randomized, clinical trial was conducted. Sixty patients were enrolled, including 30 patients undergoing PRP in the PRP group and 30 controls...
August 24, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
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