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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350073/in-their-own-words-a-synthesis-of-the-qualitative-research-on-the-experiences-of-adults-seeking-asylum-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-findings-in-forced-migration
#1
Thomas Hoare, Andrew Vidgen, Neil Roberts
Quantitative research indicates that some forced migrants have mental health needs. Asylum seekers are a group of forced migrants applying for asylum status in a host country, and are often subject to rights restrictions and threat of deportation, though little is known about subjective experiences of the asylum journey and process of claiming asylum. The current paper therefore describes a systematic review of the qualitative literature, examining asylum seekers experiences of asylum journey, from country of origin, to arrival and adaptation to host countries...
December 2017: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297206/no-jab-no-record-catch-up-vaccination-of-children-in-immigration-detention
#2
Karen M Kiang, Sonja Elia, Georgia A Paxton
International Health and Medical Services (IHMS) are contracted to provide health services, including catch-up vaccination, for individuals in immigration detention. Our audit of catch-up vaccination in asylum seeker children who spent time in held detention demonstrates inadequate and suboptimal vaccine delivery in this setting, and no evidence that IHMS recorded vaccines on the Australian Childhood Immunisation Register at the time. We also found substantial shortfalls in vaccination for these children after they were released from detention...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286012/hepatitis-a-b-c-and-hiv-seroprevalence-among-syrian-refugee-children-admitted-to-outpatient-clinics
#3
Şükran Köse, Ilker Ödemiş, Didem Çelik, Bengü Gireniz Tatar, Ilkay Akbulut, Dilek Yilmaz Çiftdoğan
Viral hepatitis is the most common cause of serious health problems such as liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Leading to immunodeficiency disorders through different mechanisms, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) causes the development of severe secondary infections. Hepatitis A (HAV) is thought to spread by the faecal-oral route, while Hepatitis B (HBV), Hepatitis C (HCV) and HIV are mostly transmitted vertically during childhood. In our study, we aimed to determine the seroprevalence of HAV, HBV, HCV and HIV among Syrian refugee children who were admitted to outpatient clinics...
December 1, 2017: Le Infezioni in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284288/traumatic-brain-injury-among-refugees-and-asylum-seekers
#4
Jacob I McPherson
BACKGROUND: Refugees and asylum seekers face many challenges in their pursuit of a safe home. The journey for displaced individuals can be extremely dangerous and many do not survive or go missing. Survivors face significant risks of injury, abuse, and torture. Traumatic brain injury is one of the most common and disabling injuries sustained by these populations. This already complex condition can have profound implications on these groups and their families due to factors related to mental health, cultural perspectives, and their ability to navigate healthcare systems...
December 28, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284285/barriers-to-contraceptive-careseeking-the-experience-of-eritrean-asylum-seeking-women-in-israel
#5
Tsega Gebreyesus, Nora Gottlieb, Zebib Sultan, Habtom Mehari Ghebrezghiabher, Wietse Tol, Peter J Winch, Nadav Davidovitch, Pamela J Surkan
OBJECTIVES: In recent years, there has been a mass migration of Eritreans (many seeking political asylum) into Israel after precarious irregular movement across international borders. This study qualitatively explores the structural barriers to family planning (i.e. contraceptive services) for Eritrean women in Israel that are rooted in their temporary legal status and the patchwork of family planning services. DESIGN/METHODS: From December 2012 to September 2013, we interviewed 25 key informants (NGO workers, researchers, Eritrean community activists, International NGO representatives and Ministry of Health officials) and 12 Eritrean asylum seekers...
December 28, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280429/case-report-carbapenemase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-in-an-asylum-seeker-with-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis
#6
Sofanne J Ravensbergen, Christina Louka, Mariëtte Lokate, Erik Bathoorn, Spyros Pournaras, Tjip S van der Werf, Wiel C M de Lange, Ymkje Stienstra, Onno W Akkerman
A Syrian asylum seeker with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) developed a bronchopleural fistula after pneumonectomy. Although screening tests were negative on admission, carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae were cultured after a few months of TB treatment. Prevalence of multidrug-resistant organisms is reported to be increased in asylum seekers compared with the general Dutch population. Arduous conditions during transit and interrupted health care delivery in our patient led to multiple-resistant microorganisms that complicated treatment...
December 26, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239703/managing-narcissistic-impulse-reminiscence-and-cultural-ideal-under-the-circumstances-of-mass-immigration
#7
Maria Leticia Castrechini-Franieck
Mass immigration is an occurrence associated with group psychology and triggers unusual reactions between newcomers and the indigenous population. This paper presents some results of psychological counseling work in an ongoing project of providing early psychological help for current traumatized refugees and asylum seekers in Europe who otherwise are unable to afford treatment, not even the usual consultations in common mental health settings. In particular, thoughts about the management of "cultural ideals" during the process of mass immigration came to light...
December 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226796/-if-i-speak-english-what-am-i-i-am-full-man-me-emotional-impact-and-barriers-for-refugees-and-asylum-seekers-learning-english
#8
Tania Salvo, Amanda C de C Williams
Lack of proficiency in the language of the host country predicts distress among refugees, but many refugees and asylum seekers in the United Kingdom have less than functional English. This study examined how learning English affected refugees' and asylum seekers' lives, particularly their emotional wellbeing, to explore what factors, particularly psychological ones, facilitated or impeded their learning English. We recruited 16 refugees and asylum seekers from an inner-city National Health Service trauma service and from a charity providing one-to-one English classes...
October 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226789/the-emotional-distress-of-asylum-seekers-in-israel-and-the-characteristics-of-those-seeking-psychiatric-versus-medical-help
#9
Naama Kiat, Rafael Youngmann, Ido Lurie
Israel has become a destination for asylum seekers. Asylum seekers often experience emotional distress, but have limited access to health services and rarely use psychiatric services. This study sought to understand and characterize the use of psychiatric versus medical services by asylum seekers in Israel. We compared the emotional distress, stressful life events and previous treatment consultations of 21 psychiatric service users (PSU) and 55 medical service users (MSU) at the Open Clinic of Physicians for Human Rights in Tel-Aviv...
October 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226788/mental-health-for-refugees-asylum-seekers-and-displaced-persons-a-call-for-a-humanitarian-agenda
#10
Sofie Bäärnhielm, Kees Laban, Meryam Schouler-Ocak, Cécile Rousseau, Laurence J Kirmayer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207884/mental-health-of-refugees-and-asylum-seekers-assessment-and-intervention
#11
Rachel Kronick
With unprecedented numbers of displaced persons worldwide, mental health clinicians in high-income countries will increasingly encounter refugee and asylum-seeking patients, many of whom have experienced significant adversity before and after their migration. This paper presents a summary of the recent evidence on the assessment and treatment of refugees across the lifespan to inform clinicians' approaches to care of refugee patients in mental health care settings. Assessment and interventions for refugees are grounded in an ecosystemic approach which considers not only pre-migratory trauma, but social, familial, and cultural determinants of mental health in the host country...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202665/the-social-determinants-of-refugee-mental-health-in-the-post-migration-context-a-critical-review
#12
Michaela Hynie
With the global increase in the number of refugees and asylum seekers, mental health professionals have become more aware of the need to understand and respond to the mental health needs of forced migrants. This critical review summarizes the findings of recent systematic reviews and primary research on the impact of post-migration conditions on mental disorders and PTSD among refugees and asylum seekers. Historically, the focus of mental health research and interventions with these populations has been on the impact of pre-migration trauma...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198899/sentinel-surveillance-data-from-eritrean-migrants-in-italy-the-theory-of-healthy-migrants
#13
Massimo Ciccozzi, Eleonora Cella, Giancarlo Ceccarelli, Serena Vita, Giordano Dicuonzo, Maurizio Lopalco, Francesca Antonelli, Alessia Conti, Rossella Ottaviani, Marina De Cesaris, Silvia Spoto, Silvia Angeletti
BACKGROUND: Eritrean migrants accounted for the majority of people who drowned in the Mediterranean this year. Recently, data deficit about international migration has been reported. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-three Eritrean migrants, upon their arrival in Italy, were accommodated at the asylum seekers center of Castelnuovo di Porto, together with 25 sanitary workers, and received microbiological surveillance at the Clinical Pathology and Microbiology Unit of the University Campus Bio-Medico of Rome...
December 2, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198642/caring-for-undocumented-immigrants-with-kidney-disease
#14
Rajeev Raghavan
The care of dialysis-dependent undocumented immigrants exemplifies a problem at the crux of 2 US national agendas: immigration and health care reform. Undocumented immigrants represent 3% of the US population and 27% of the uninsured, and an estimated 6,500 individuals are dialysis dependent. With no uniform national policy, an estimated 30% to 50% of these individuals receive treatment only in life-threatening situations (emergent dialysis). Since 2005, about 400 undocumented immigrants have received a kidney transplant (>70% living)...
November 30, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191373/the-mental-health-of-refugees-and-asylum-seekers-on-manus-island
#15
Suresh Sundram, Peter Ventevogel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 27, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189766/health-challenges-in-refugee-reception-dateline-europe-2016
#16
Brad K Blitz, Alessio d'Angelo, Eleonore Kofman, Nicola Montagna
The arrival of more than one million migrants, many of them refugees, has proved a major test for the European Union. Although international relief and monitoring agencies have been critical of makeshift camps in Calais and Eidomeni where infectious disease and overcrowding present major health risks, few have examined the nature of the official reception system and its impact on health delivery. Drawing upon research findings from an Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) funded project, this article considers the physical and mental health of asylum-seekers in transit and analyses how the closure of borders has engendered health risks for populations in recognised reception centres in Sicily and in Greece...
November 30, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165223/health-status-of-asylum-seekers-spain
#17
Núria Serre-Delcor, Carlos Ascaso, Antoni Soriano-Arandes, Francisco Collazos Sanchez, Begoña Treviño Maruri, Elena Sulleiro, Diana Pou Ciruelo, Cristina Bocanegra Garcia, Israel Molina Romero
The rising rate of conflicts and the unsafe situation caused by reasons of ethnicity, religion, gender, sexual orientation, political opinion, or nationality entail an increase in the number of migratory movements. The goal of this article is to describe the health status of asylum seekers visited in an international health center. We conducted a retrospective study of the asylum seekers visited between July 2013 and June 2016. A total of 303 cases were included. The median age was 28.0 years (interquartile range [IQR]: 21-35), and 203 (67...
November 20, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163870/transdiagnostic-culturally-adapted-cbt-with-farsi-speaking-refugees-a-pilot-study
#18
Schahryar Kananian, Sarah Ayoughi, Arieja Farugie, Devon Hinton, Ulrich Stangier
Background: Approximately half of all asylum seekers suffer from trauma-related disorders requiring treatment, among them Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), depression, anxiety, and somatic symptoms. There is a lack of easily accessible, low-threshold treatments taking the cultural background into account. Culturally Adapted CBT (CA CBT) is a well evaluated, transdiagnostic group intervention for refugees, using psychoeducation, meditation, and Yoga-like exercises. Objective: An uncontrolled pilot study with male Farsi-speaking refugees from Afghanistan and Iran was conducted to investigate feasibility with this ethnic group; a group for which no previous CBT trials have been reported...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162209/an-outbreak-of-chickenpox-in-an-asylum-seeker-centre-in-italy-outbreak-investigation-and-validity-of-reported-chickenpox-history-december-2015-may-2016
#19
Francesco Vairo, Virginia Di Bari, Vincenzo Panella, Giuseppe Quintavalle, Saul Torchia, Maria Cristina Serra, Maria Teresa Sinopoli, Maurizio Lopalco, Giancarlo Ceccarelli, Federica Ferraro, Sabrina Valle, Licia Bordi, Maria Rosaria Capobianchi, Vincenzo Puro, Paola Scognamiglio, Giuseppe Ippolito, The Outbreak Investigation Group
An outbreak of chickenpox occurred between December 2015 and May 2016 among asylum seekers in a reception centre in Latium, Italy. We describe the epidemiological and laboratory investigations, control measures and validity of reported history of chickenpox infection. Serological screening of all residents and incoming asylum seekers was performed, followed by vaccine offer to all susceptible individuals without contraindication. Forty-six cases were found and 41 were associated with the outbreak. No complications, hospitalisations or deaths occurred...
November 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143900/an-innovative-mobile-health-system-to-improve-and-standardize-antenatal-care-among-underserved-communities-a-feasibility-study-in-an-italian-hosting-center-for-asylum-seekers
#20
Lucia Borsari, Giovanna Stancanelli, Laura Guarenti, Teresa Grandi, Serena Leotta, Lucia Barcellini, Paola Borella, Anne Caroline Benski
Innovative migrant-friendly tools are needed to assist health personnel manage the high number of pregnancies within reception centers. This study tests functionality and acceptability of a new mHealth system in providing antenatal care amongst migrants. The study, carried out between 2014 and 2016, involved 150 pregnant women residing in the largest European migrant reception center in Sicily. A ticket tracking system assessed the system's functionality and a questionnaire assessed women's acceptability. The system facilitated the collection of clinical data, enabling the creation of electronic patient records and identifying 10% of pregnancies as high-risk...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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