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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885404/-health-examination-of-asylum-seekers-a-nationwide-analysis-of-state-policies-in-germany-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-62-of-the-asylum-law
#1
Katharina Wahedi, Stefan Nöst, Kayvan Bozorgmehr
BACKGROUND: A health examination of newly arrived asylum seekers, aimed at detecting infectious diseases and preventing disease outbreaks in accommodation facilities, is mandated by national law in all German states. Due to the decentralized German federal system, different state policies are in place and lead to substantial variation in the content and implementation of the health examination. OBJECTIVES: To compare health examination policies in the 16 German states with a focus on conducted tests, preventive measures and the general procedure...
November 24, 2016: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884856/a-refugee-camp-in-the-centre-of-europe-clinical-characteristics-of-asylum-seekers-arriving-in-brussels
#2
Gerlant van Berlaer, Francisca Bohle Carbonell, Sofie Manantsoa, Xavier de Béthune, Ronald Buyl, Michel Debacker, Ives Hubloue
BACKGROUND: In the summer of 2015, the exodus of Syrian war refugees and saturation of refugee camps in neighbouring countries led to the influx of asylum-seekers in European countries, including Belgium. This study aims to describe the demographic and clinical characteristics of asylum seekers who arrived in a huddled refugee camp, in the centre of a well-developed country with all medical facilities. METHODS: Using a descriptive cross-sectional study design, physicians of Médecins du Monde prospectively registered age, gender, origin, medical symptoms and diagnoses of all patients presenting to an erected field hospital in Brussels in September 2015...
November 24, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834172/impact-of-new-traumatic-or-stressful-life-events-on-pre-existing-ptsd-in-traumatized-refugees-results-of-a-longitudinal-study
#3
Katrin Schock, Maria Böttche, Rita Rosner, Mechthild Wenk-Ansohn, Christine Knaevelsrud
BACKGROUND: A significant proportion of trauma survivors experience an additional critical life event in the aftermath. These renewed experiences of traumatic and stressful life events may lead to an increase in trauma-related mental health symptoms. METHOD: In a longitudinal study, the effects of renewed experiences of a trauma or stressful life event were examined. For this purpose, refugees seeking asylum in Germany were assessed for posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTS), Posttraumatic Stress Diagnostic Scale (PDS), anxiety, and depression (Hopkins Symptom Checklist [HSCL-25]) before treatment start as well as after 6 and 12 months during treatment (N=46)...
2016: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831853/persecution-experiences-and-mental-health-of-lgbt-asylum-seekers
#4
Rebecca A Hopkinson, Eva Keatley, Elizabeth Glaeser, Laura Erickson-Schroth, Omar Fattal, Melba Nicholson Sullivan
INTRODUCTION: Asylum seekers are a unique population, particularly those who have endured persecution for their sexual orientation or gender identity. Little data exist about the specific experiences and needs of asylum seekers persecuted due to lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender (LGBT) identity. METHODS: Quantitative data were gathered regarding demographics, persecution histories, and mental health of 61 clients from a torture survivors program in New York City who reported persecution due to LGBT identity...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756088/-when-chance-decides-about-access-to-health-care-the-case-of-refugees-in-germany
#5
O Razum, J Wenner, K Bozorgmehr
Health and access to health care are considered a human right. "Regular" immigrants such as work migrants in Germany have the same entitlement to health care coverage through the statutory health insurance as the majority population. This, however, is not the case for refugees and asylum seekers. According to paragraphs 4 and 6 of the Asylum Seekers' Benefit Act, their entitlement is restricted to care for acute pain, pregnancy and childbirth, as well as immunizations in the first 15 months. Additional care can be financed on a case-by-case basis...
November 2016: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739578/broken-promises-and-lost-dreams-navigating-asylum-in-the-united-states
#6
Damir S Utržan, Andrea K Northwood
Nearly 65 million people around the world have been displaced by war, conflict, and persecution since 2014 (UNHCR; United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, 2015). This yields an average of 42,000 people refugees, asylum seekers, or internally displaced every day. Displacement has adverse and disruptive consequences, including mental health problems (e.g., anxiety, depression), impaired interpersonal relationships, and heightened conflict. These consequences are compounded by profound ambiguity associated with navigating asylum in the United States...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723928/-posttraumatic-stress-and-depressive-symptoms-amongst-asylum-seekers
#7
Christoph Kröger, Inga Frantz, Pauline Friel, Nina Heinrichs
Background and Objectives: Currently, there is a large number of refugees that are coming to Germany from (civil) war zones. The aim of this study was to estimate the extent of posttraumatic stress and depressive symptoms amongst asylum seekers in Germany. Methods: In the summer of 2015, 280 adult refugees (88,2% men) were interviewed with the support of translators in the Lower Saxony State Refugee Reception Center, Brunswick. Data was categorized due to country of origin (Balkan States, Middle East, Northern Africa, Rest of Africa)...
September 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717391/the-oral-health-of-refugees-and-asylum-seekers-a-scoping-review
#8
Mark Tambe Keboa, Natalie Hiles, Mary Ellen Macdonald
INTRODUCTION: Improving the oral health of refugees and asylum seekers is a global priority, yet little is known about the overall burden of oral diseases and their causes for this population. OBJECTIVE: To synthesize available evidence on the oral health of, and access to oral health care by this population. METHODS: Using a scoping review methodology, we retrieved 3321 records from eight databases and grey literature; 44 publications met the following inclusion criteria: empirical research focused on refugees and/or asylum seekers' oral health, published between 1990 and 2014 in English, French, Italian, Portuguese, or Spanish...
October 7, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698301/quality-of-life-in-refugees-and-asylum-seekers-in-italy-a-pilot-study
#9
Nicola Nante, Lapo Gialluca, Michela De Corso, Gianmarco Troiano, Agnese Verzuri, Gabriele Messina
Interest in measuring the Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) of the immigrants increased in recent years in Italy as in other countries. Our purpose was to evaluate the HRQoL of refugees welcomed in Tuscany using the SF-36 questionnaire. We collected 114 questionnaires from 2011 to 2015. Our samples was constituted by 98 males and 16 females, coming from different regions of the world; the mean age was 27.4. Statistical analysis showed that gender, length of stay and educational qualification are not associated with a poorer HRQoL...
July 2016: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694650/national-health-service-principles-as-experienced-by-vulnerable-london-migrants-in-austerity-britain-a-qualitative-study-of-rights-entitlements-and-civil-society-advocacy
#10
Elham Rafighi, Shoba Poduval, Helena Legido-Quigley, Natasha Howard
BACKGROUND: Recent British National Health Service (NHS) reforms, in response to austerity and alleged 'health tourism,' could impose additional barriers to healthcare access for non-European Economic Area (EEA) migrants. This study explores policy reform challenges and implications, using excerpts from the perspectives of non-EEA migrants and health advocates in London. METHODS: A qualitative study design was selected. Data were collected through document review and 22 in-depth interviews with non-EEA migrants and civil-society organisation representatives...
May 8, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686067/what-are-the-barriers-to-access-to-mental-healthcare-and-the-primary-needs-of-asylum-seekers-a-survey-of-mental-health-caregivers-and-primary-care-workers
#11
Javier Bartolomei, Rachel Baeriswyl-Cottin, David Framorando, Filip Kasina, Natacha Premand, Ariel Eytan, Yasser Khazaal
BACKGROUND: We aimed to assess the opinion of primary care workers, social workers, translators and mental health caregivers who work with asylum seekers about the latter's unmet needs and barriers to access to mental healthcare. METHODS: We used a Likert scale to assess the opinion of 135 primary care workers (general practitioners, nurses, social workers and translators) and mental health caregivers about the proportion of asylum seekers with psychiatric disorders, their priority needs and their main barriers to mental health services...
September 29, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681564/the-refugee-health-nurse-liaison-a-nurse-led-initiative-to-improve-healthcare-for-asylum-seekers-and-refugees
#12
Jacquie McBride, Alana Russo, Andrew Block
Asylum seekers and refugees experience a range of barriers to health service access and competent use. The Refugee Health Nurse Liaison initiative was piloted at a hospital in a high-settlement region of Victoria, Australia. This initiative aimed to build capacity within the health sector to more effectively respond to the needs of asylum seekers and refugees. A mixed-methods evaluation was undertaken to: describe issues encountered by asylum seekers and refugees within the hospital setting; capture the nature of the Refugee Health Nurse Liaison position; and document key outputs...
October 4, 2016: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677957/a-lost-tribe-in-the-city-health-status-and-needs-of-african-asylum-seekers-and-refugees-in-hong-kong
#13
William Chi Wai Wong, Sealing Cheng, Eleanor Holroyd, Julie Chen, Kelley Ann Loper, Lynn Tran, Heidi Yin Hai Miu
BACKGROUND: Hong Kong's resistance to be a signatory of the 1951 Geneva Convention and lack of domestic policies in this area has resulted in restrictions on access to healthcare amongst asylum seekers and refugees (ASRs). Using social determinants of health framework this study sought to identify health practices, problems and needs of African ASRs in Hong Kong. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey comprising of six domains including health status, health-seeking behaviour and social experience targeted at adult African ASRs in Hong Kong was conducted through three local non-governmental organisations between February and April 2013...
September 27, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665703/multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-and-migration-to-europe
#14
Sally Hargreaves, Knut Lönnroth, Laura B Nellums, Ioana D Olaru, Ruvandhi R Nathavitharana, Marie Norredam, Jon S Friedland
Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in low-incidence countries in Europe is more prevalent among migrants than the native population. The impact of the recent increase in migration to EU and EEA countries with a low incidence of TB (fewer than 20 cases per 100,000 [1]) on MDR-TB epidemiology is unclear. This narrative review synthesises evidence on MDR-TB and migration identified through an expert panel and database search. A significant proportion of MDR-TB cases in migrants result from reactivation of latent infection...
September 22, 2016: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660319/potentially-avoidable-and-ambulatory-care-sensitive-hospitalisations-among-forced-migrants-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Célina Lichtl, Sandra Claudia Gewalt, Stefan Noest, Joachim Szecsenyi, Kayvan Bozorgmehr
INTRODUCTION: There is an increasing number of forced migrants globally, including refugees, asylum seekers, internally displaced persons and undocumented migrants. According to international law, forced migrants should enjoy access to health services free of discrimination equivalent to the host population, but they face barriers to healthcare worldwide. This may lead to a delay in care and result in preventable hospital treatment, referred to as potentially preventable hospitalisation (PPH) or ambulatory care sensitive hospitalisation (ACSH)...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647110/occupational-experiences-of-refugees-and-asylum-seekers-resettling-in-australia-a-narrative-review
#16
Jacinta Mayne, Daniel Lowrie, Jessie Wilson
The contexts into which refugees and asylum seekers resettle, particularly the socio-political context as represented through various discourses, shape their occupational opportunities, health, and well-being. This article explores current literature in regard to the contemporary Australian discursive climate, particularly in relation to the way it may shape the occupational experiences of refugees and asylum seekers. In addition, a synthesis of current research regarding the occupational experiences of refugees and asylum seekers during their period of resettlement is presented...
September 19, 2016: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647085/the-occurrence-of-diseases-and-related-factors-in-a-center-for-asylum-seekers-in-italy
#17
Alberto Firenze, Nicola Aleo, Clara Ferrara, Marianna Maranto, Caterina LA Cascia, Vincenzo Restivo
INTRODUCTION: Italy is the main recipient of asylum seekers in the European region, and Sicily is their first point of arrival. This geographical position creates a large job for Health Authorities to identify and deal with the health of immigrants. This study evaluates the prevalence of disease among asylum seekers, assessing which are associated factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted to analyse demographic and clinical data in an Acceptance Centres for Asylum Seekers from February 2012 to May 2013...
March 2016: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603167/the-impact-of-interpersonal-and-noninterpersonal-trauma-on-psychological-symptoms-in-refugees-the-moderating-role-of-gender-and-trauma-type
#18
Joanne Haldane, Angela Nickerson
Research findings have documented a relationship between the number of types of traumatic events to which refugees were exposed and psychological disorders. It is unclear, however, if gender moderates the impact of trauma on refugee mental health. The participants in this study were 60 male and 31 female refugees and asylum-seekers resettled in Australia. Participants had a mean age of 34.54 years (SD = 9.70), and were from a variety of countries including Iraq, Iran, and Sri Lanka. We conducted a multigroup path analysis to test if the relationship between psychological outcomes of exposure to trauma (posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD] symptoms, symptoms of anxiety, and symptoms of depression) was different as a function of the type of traumatic exposure (interpersonal vs...
October 2016: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589238/health-assessment-and-the-right-to-health-in-sweden-asylum-seekers-perspectives
#19
Lubin Lobo Pacheco, Robert Jonzon, Anna-Karin Hurtig
BACKGROUND: Swedish law entitles asylum seekers to a voluntary health assessment and to "health care that cannot be postponed". The last expression suggests, however, restrictions on the entitlement, and what it may or may not include remains ultimately a decision for health professionals in the specific case. Indeed, the health assessment constitutes the sole active effort from Swedish authorities to fulfill this right. This study was therefore aimed at assessing how the information, procedures and services related to the health assessment are accessible and acceptable to fulfill the right to health of asylum seekers, from their own perspective...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562573/political-representation-for-social-justice-in-nursing-lessons-learned-from-participant-research-with-destitute-asylum-seekers-in-the-uk
#20
Fiona Cuthill
The concept of social justice is making a revival in nursing scholarship, in part in response to widening health inequalities and inequities in high-income countries. In particular, critical nurse scholars have sought to develop participatory research methods using peer researchers to represent the 'voice' of people who are living in marginalized spaces in society. The aim of this paper is to report on the experiences of nurse and peer researchers as part of a project to explore the experiences of people who find themselves destitute following the asylum process in the UK...
September 2016: Nursing Inquiry
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