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foot neuroma

B González-García, S García-Isidoro, J Contreras-Alcántara, J A Martínez-Gil, M A Díaz Y Orea, V O Castellanos-Sánchez
The most frequent diabetes-related complications are diabetic foot and glaucoma, which lead to amputation and loss of vision, respectively. Current scientific and technologic developments have permitted the design and implementation of prosthetic systems that are optimal for these patients, as the latter adapt themselves to them and can resume activities of daily living. The lack of economic resources compromises the quality of the prostheses patients can afford, as they resort to «artisanal» or «rustic» systems that hamper their adaptation process...
September 2017: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
Akash Ganguly, Joanne Warner, Hifz Aniq
OBJECTIVE: Central metatarsalgia relates to abnormalities of the second, third, and fourth metatarsals and their respective metatarsophalangeal joints. A variety of disorders present with central forefoot pain; they range from traumatic lesions (acute or chronic repetitive), inflammatory and infective disorders, nonneoplastic soft-tissue lesions, and benign tumors to malignant lesions. Patients often present with symptoms of localized pain in the forefoot that worsens on weight bearing (walking or running), which can be sharp or dull and often is perceived as a lump felt inside or underneath the foot and described as walking on a marble or pebbles...
February 22, 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
Katherine M Edenfield
The midfoot and forefoot are the regions of the foot distal to the talus and calcaneus and are critical to weight bearing and movement. They help support the arch of the foot, provide shock absorption, and convert vertically oriented forces into horizontal forward and propulsive movement. A spectrum of acute, subacute, and chronic conditions in these regions can cause pain and decreased function. A thorough history and physical examination should include foot and leg biomechanics, alignment, and posture in addition to palpation of painful areas...
February 2018: FP Essentials
Tun Hing Lui
Morton's neuroma is a compressive neuropathy resulting in perineural fibrosis rather than a neuroma of the plantar digital nerve. Surgical treatment is indicated for patients with a clear diagnosis of Morton's neuroma and no improvement with nonsurgical treatment. The surgical options include isolated intermetatarsal ligament division, isolated interdigital nerve excision, and interdigital nerve excision with intermetatarsal ligament division, with or without submuscular transposition. This can be performed via dorsal or plantar approach...
August 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
Matthew J Zdilla, Kyle D Miller, Jordan V Swearingen, H Wayne Lambert
Terminal branches of the superficial fibular nerve are at risk of iatrogenic damage during foot surgery, including hallux valgus rigidus correction, bunionectomy, cheilectomy, and extensor hallucis longus tendon transfer. One terminal branch, the dorsomedial cutaneous nerve of the hallux, is particularly at risk of injury at its intersection with the extensor hallucis longus tendon. Iatrogenic injuries of the dorsomedial cutaneous nerve of the hallux can result in sensory loss, neuroma formation, and/or debilitating causalgia...
March 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Ashish B Shah, Breann K Tisano, Osama Elattar, Jackson Rucker Staggers, Sameer Naranje
Introduction: Hajdu-Cheney syndrome (HCS) is a rare autosomal dominant disease characterized by acroosteolysis, wormian skull bones with persistent skull sutures, premature loss of teeth, micrognathia, short stature, hypermobility of the joints, neurologic manifestations such as basilar invagination with subsequent paresthesia, hearing loss, and speech alterations, and osteoporosis with tendency to pathologic fractures of long bones and vertebrae as well as painful hands and feet. Very few cases have been earlier reported in the literature...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
F Sancho-Barroso, J Strassburger-Weidmann, V Castillo-Anaya
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this paper is to assess pain, function and complications after decompression of Mortons neuroma using a minimally invasive dorsal approach. METHOD AND RESULTS: 16 patients who underwent 19 decompressions were followed-up for 18 months. Pain was assessed with the visual analog scale (VAS), and function was assessed with the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) scale. Data was analyzed with the Student t test for related samples, which yielded a p value 0...
May 2017: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
Joonho Lee, Jeongyo Kim, Myoungjin Lee, Intak Chu, Sungjae Lee, Heuichul Gwak
Background: Morton's neuroma is a common cause of metatarsalgia and many treatments had been described in literature. However, there have been only a few reports that treat the neuroma with an osteotomy on the proximal, not distal portion of the metatarsal bone using a plate. This study describes the clinical outcome of sliding osteotomy on the proximal metatarsal bone for the treatment of Morton's neuroma. Materials and Methods: Sixty five consecutive patients (85 feet) who underwent surgery for Morton's neuroma between November 2010 and February 2013 were identified from hospital records to include in this retrospective study...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
Xavier Lizano-Díez, Alberto Ginés-Cespedosa, Eduard Alentorn-Geli, Daniel Pérez-Prieto, Gemma González-Lucena, Carlo Gamba, Santiago de Zabala, Alberto Solano-López, Pau Rigol-Ramón
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of corticosteroid injection for the treatment of Morton's neuroma is unclear. In addition, most of the studies related to it are case-control or retrospective case series. The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness between corticosteroid injection associated with local anesthetic and local anesthetic alone (placebo control group) for the treatment of Morton's neuroma. METHODS: Forty-one patients with a diagnosis of Morton's neuroma were randomized to receive 3 injections of either a corticosteroid plus a local anesthetic or a local anesthetic alone...
September 2017: Foot & Ankle International
Sam Bazrafshan, Maria Pacheco, Julio C Ortiz
We report an unusual case of adenocarcinoma of the lung metastasizing to the proximal phalanx of the third digit in a 56-year-old woman with overlying complex regional pain syndrome. The patient was initially treated for neuroma, fracture, and neuropathic pain with no improvement over a 4-month period before presenting to the emergency department for left third digit pain. Radiographic imaging showed substantial osteopenia and mottling; magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated an aggressive lesion to the proximal phalanx...
March 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
Y H Park, S M Jeong, G W Choi, H J Kim
AIMS: Morton's neuroma is common condition of the forefoot, but its aetiology remains unclear. Our aim was to evaluate the relationship between the width of the forefoot and the development of a Morton's neuroma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 2013 and May 2016, a total of 84 consecutive patients (17 men, 67 women) with a unilateral Morton's neuroma were enrolled into the study. The involved and uninvolved feet of each patient were compared. A control group of patients with symptoms from the foot, but without a neuroma who were matched for age, gender, affected side, and web space location, were enrolled...
March 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
Amit Tandon
Traumatic neuromas are uncommon and benign lesions arising from a peripheral nerve injury during surgery. Here we describe a case with histopathologic features of both a traumatic neuroma and neurofibroma in a patient without integumentary physical exam findings nor prior surgical history. A 54 year old male was admitted for surgical debridement of a foot ulcer. During pre-operative evaluation and review of imaging multiple CT scans revealed a stable, 4 mm endobronchial lesion in the left lower lobe. Given history of nicotine abuse, bronchoscopy was performed...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
Victor Zaki
RATIONALE: This is a retrospective study aimed to determine the efficacy of mini-scleral contact lens in protecting the cornea and improving vision in cases of facial palsy. PATIENT CONCERNS: Patients with facial palsy get exposure keratitis because the cornea is dry. They feel pain, discomfort and excessive watering. If left untreated, it leads to permanent damage to the cornea and loss of good functional vision. Mini-scleral lens keep the cornea covered by saline solution all wearing hours...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Shi-Ji Li, Hao Cheng, Xu Fang, Jian-Yang Xu, Fei Wang, Sheng Liu, Xu-Lin Chen, Xiong-Wen Lv
OBJECTIVE: Challenges persist in the reconstruction of the ankle and the foot with exposed tendons, joints, and bones as a result of severe burns and trauma. In flap elevation involving the sensitive superficial nerve, the local nerve was always sacrificed to obtain an anesthetic donor site; however, such a procedure introduced the possibility of painful neuromas. In this study, we present a desired clinical application of a modified reversed superficial peroneal artery flap, in which the superficial peroneal nerve is preserved...
December 29, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Ravi Kanth Mallina, Khalid Al-Dadah, Kirtan Patel, Pal Ramesh
BACKGROUND: Interdigital neuroma (IN), otherwise known as Morton's neuroma, is a common cause of metatarsalgia presenting to the elective foot and ankle clinic. Surgical excision of the IN in patients who fail to respond to nonoperative measures is considered to be the gold standard of care in many centers. The Royal College of Pathologists UK recommend that all excised interdigital Morton's neuromas are sent for formal histopathological analysis. We present a study correlating clinical and radiological diagnosis with histopathologic appearances of IN following surgical excision, and question if routine histopathological analysis is warranted...
December 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
Alexander Habashy, Gonzalo Sumarriva, Robert J Treuting
BACKGROUND: Morton neuroma is a compressive neuropathy of the plantar digital nerve. Several surgical approaches have been used to treat painful Morton neuroma, with each approach having distinct advantages and disadvantages. For this study, we used validated outcome assessment tools to retrospectively compare patient satisfaction with 2 approaches. METHODS: The medical records and survey responses of 37 patients with 42 neuromas were evaluated with respect to outcomes and patient satisfaction after neurectomies performed through either a plantar or dorsal surgical approach by one Ochsner Clinic Foundation attending physician...
2016: Ochsner Journal
Samuel D Madoff, Jeffrey Kaye, Joel S Newman
MR imaging has an important role in the evaluation of the postoperative foot and ankle. In this article, a variety of operative techniques and postoperative findings in the foot and ankle are described, including tendon and ligament reconstruction, as well as the treatment of tarsal coalition and Morton neuroma. The role of MR imaging in the assessment of complications of foot and ankle surgery is also detailed.
February 2017: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Clinics of North America
Reza Naraghi, Alexandra Bremner, Linda Slack-Smith, Alan Bryant
BACKGROUND: The aim of this research was to investigate the association of various structural measurements of the forefoot with Morton's neuroma (MN). METHODS: Weightbearing anteroposterior and lateral foot radiographs of subjects attending the University of Western Australia (UWA) Podiatry Clinic and the first author's private practice were included in this study. A single assessor measured the following angles: lateral intermetatarsal angle (LIMA), intermetatarsal angle (IMA), hallux valgus angle (HVA), digital divergence between the second and third digits (DD23), digital divergence between the third and fourth digits (DD34) and relative metatarsal lengths of the first to fifth metatarsals (Met1-5), and the effect of MN size as measured by ultrasonograph on digital divergence...
March 2017: Foot & Ankle International
Man-Kyo Chung, James N Campbell
Capsaicin is the pungent ingredient of chili peppers and is approved as a topical treatment of neuropathic pain. The analgesia lasts for several months after a single treatment. Capsaicin selectively activates TRPV1, a Ca(2+)-permeable cationic ion channel that is enriched in the terminals of certain nociceptors. Activation is followed by a prolonged decreased response to noxious stimuli. Interest also exists in the use of injectable capsaicin as a treatment for focal pain conditions, such as arthritis and other musculoskeletal conditions...
November 1, 2016: Pharmaceuticals
Gary M LiMarzi, Kurt F Scherer, Michael L Richardson, David R Warden, Christopher W Wasyliw, Jack A Porrino, Christopher R Pettis, Gideon Lewis, Christopher C Mason, Laura W Bancroft
A variety of surgical procedures exist for repair of both traumatic and degenerative osseous and soft-tissue pathologic conditions involving the foot and ankle. It is necessary for the radiologist to be familiar with these surgical procedures, so as to assess structural integrity, evaluate for complicating features, and avoid diagnostic pitfalls. Adequate interpretation of postoperative changes often requires access to surgical documentation to evaluate not only the surgery itself but the expected timeline for resolution of normal postoperative changes versus progressive disease...
October 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
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