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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330835/international-guidelines-for-groin-hernia-management
#1
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, more than 20 million patients undergo groin hernia repair annually. The many different approaches, treatment indications and a significant array of techniques for groin hernia repair warrant guidelines to standardize care, minimize complications, and improve results. The main goal of these guidelines is to improve patient outcomes, specifically to decrease recurrence rates and reduce chronic pain, the most frequent problems following groin hernia repair. They have been endorsed by all five continental hernia societies, the International Endo Hernia Society and the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery...
January 12, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314863/bacterial-derived-neutrophilic-inflammation-drives-lung-remodeling-in-a-mouse-model-of-copd
#2
Bradley W Richmond, Rui-Hong Du, Wei Han, John T Benjamin, Riet van der Meer, Linda Gleaves, Marshall Guo, Austin McKissack, Yongqin Zhang, Dong-Sheng Cheng, Vasiliy V Polosukhin, Timothy S Blackwell
Loss of secretory immunoglobulin A (SIgA) is common in the small airways of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and may contribute to disease pathogenesis. Using mice that lack SIgA in the airways due to genetic deficiency of polymeric immunoglobulin receptor (pIgR-/- mice), we investigated the role of neutrophils in driving the fibrotic small airway wall remodeling and emphysema that develops spontaneously in these mice. By flow cytometry, we found an increase in the percentage of neutrophils among CD45+ cells in the lungs, as well as an increase in total neutrophils, in pIgR-/- mice compared to wild-type (WT) controls...
January 9, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275491/vancomycin-and-tobramycin-impregnated-mineralized-allograft-for-the-surgical-regenerative-treatment-of-peri-implantitis-a-1-year-follow-up-case-series
#3
José Nart, Beatriz de Tapia, Àngels Pujol, Andrés Pascual, Cristina Valles
OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical and radiographic outcomes of the regenerative treatment of peri-implantitis using a vancomycin and tobramycin impregnated allograft (VTA) after a 12-month period. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirteen consecutive patients who required a regenerative treatment of peri-implantitis were recruited. For the 17 implant sites, a flap was raised, and after mechanical and chemical implant decontamination, a vancomycin and tobramycin impregnated allograft was placed in the defect and then covered with a collagen membrane...
December 24, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213000/-a-methotrexate-associated-lympholiferative-disorder-patient-with-gastrointestinal-perforation
#4
Yasuo Aota, Tadahito Nonaka, Sei Kimura, Tadahiro Honda, Yuko Okuda, Tsubasa Watanabe, Keitaro Fujiwara, Tomohisa Yokoyama, Yukari Wakabayashi, Michio Sakurai, Akihiko Gotoh
A 70-year-old woman was diagnosed with chronic rheumatoid arthritis and treated with methotrexate and prednisolone. She visited our hospital to determine the cause of her continuous fatigue and fever for the past three weeks. She consumed no food orally and was provided antibiotics because free air was found on computed tomography (CT). Intraperitoneal small lymphadenopathy and swelling of both adrenal glands was also found on CT, and MTX-associated lymphoproliferative disorder (MTX-LPD) was suspected. Am adrenal gland biopsy showed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) associated with MTX-LPD...
2017: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208785/use-of-a-partial-thickness-flap-for-guided-bone-regeneration-in-the-upper-jaw
#5
Gianluca Porcaro, Alberto Busa, Edoardo Bianco, Gianluigi Caccianiga, Marcello Maddalone
INTRODUCTION: Guided bone regeneration (GBR) aims to restore adequate bone volume for the placement of implants in an ideal location. In this article, we analyze different surgical techniques for tissue management during GBR and a modified partial-thickness surgical approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a year's time span, five patients were enrolled in the study: Four women and one man (aged 44-59 years). In four patients, a GBR with simultaneous implant placement was adopted, whereas in another patient, a delayed implant placement was done...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142301/alteration-of-the-intestinal-microbiome-characterizes-preclinical-inflammatory-arthritis-in-mice-and-its-modulation-attenuates-established-arthritis
#6
Rebecca Rogier, Heather Evans-Marin, Julia Manasson, Peter M van der Kraan, Birgitte Walgreen, Monique M Helsen, Liduine A van den Bersselaar, Fons A van de Loo, Peter L van Lent, Steven B Abramson, Wim B van den Berg, Marije I Koenders, Jose U Scher, Shahla Abdollahi-Roodsaz
Perturbations of the intestinal microbiome have been observed in patients with new-onset and chronic autoimmune inflammatory arthritis. However, it is currently unknown whether these alterations precede the development of arthritis or are rather a consequence of disease. Modulation of intestinal microbiota by oral antibiotics or germ-free condition can prevent arthritis in mice. Yet, the therapeutic potential of modulation of the microbiota after the onset of arthritis is not well characterized. We here show that the intestinal microbial community undergoes marked changes in the preclinical phase of collagen induced arthritis (CIA)...
November 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111996/microbial-keratitis-after-accelerated-corneal-collagen-cross-linking-in-keratoconus
#7
Prafulla K Maharana, Pranita Sahay, M Sujeeth, Deepali Singhal, Anubha Rathi, Jeewan S Titiyal, Namrata Sharma
PURPOSE: To assess the pattern of microbial keratitis after accelerated corneal collagen cross-linkage (aCXL) in patients with keratoconus. METHOD: The medical records of cases of keratoconus that underwent aCXL from June 2014 to May 2017 were reviewed. Cases that developed microbial keratitis after aCXL were included in the study. The clinical, microbiological profile and the treatment outcomes were evaluated. RESULTS: Of 532 eyes that underwent aCXL, 7 cases developed microbial keratitis during the study period...
November 2, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034805/in-vitro-investigation-of-the-effect-of-matrix-molecules-on-the-behavior-of-colon-cancer-cells-under-the-effect-of-geldanamycin-derivative
#8
Kamil Vural, Funda Kosova, Feyzan Özdal Kurt, İbrahim Tuğlu
The chaperone-binding drug, 17-allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin, has recently come into clinical use. It is a derivative of geldanamycin, an ansamycin benzoquinone antibiotic with anti-carcinogenic effect. Understanding the effect of this drug on the cancer cells and their niche is important for treatment. We applied 17-allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin to colon cancer cell line (Colo 205) on matrix molecules to investigate the relationship of apoptosis with terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling immunocytochemistry and related gene expression...
October 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018422/novel-aggregation-promoting-factor-agge-contributes-to-the-probiotic-properties-of-enterococcus-faecium-bggo9-28
#9
Katarina Veljović, Nikola Popović, Marija Miljković, Maja Tolinački, Amarela Terzić-Vidojević, Milan Kojić
The understanding of mechanisms of interactions between various bacterial cell surface proteins and host receptors has become imperative for the study of the health promoting features of probiotic enterococci. This study, for the first time, describes a novel enterococcal aggregation protein, AggE, from Enterococcus faecium BGGO9-28, selected from a laboratory collection of enterococcal isolates with auto-aggregation phenotypes. Among them, En. faecium BGGO9-28 showed the strongest auto-aggregation, adhesion to components of ECM and biofilm formation...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958713/long-term-anti-inflammatory-efficacy-in-intestinal-anastomosis-in-mice-using-silver-nanoparticle-coated-suture
#10
Xuelai Liu, Peng Gao, Juan Du, Xin Zhao, Kenneth Ky Wong
BACKGROUND: In our previous study, we coated silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) onto the surface of absorbable braided suture using layer-by-layer deposition and demonstrated significant anti-inflammatory property during the early phase of intestinal anastomosis healing in mice. The present study aimed to further investigate the long-term anti-inflammatory efficacy. METHODS: AgNP-coated suture, antibiotic coated suture, and normal suture were respectively used for single layered, interrupted intestinal anastomosis...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938779/physical-and-chemical-characteristics-of-meat-from-broilers-raised-in-4-different-rearing-systems-stored-under-freezing-for-up-to-12-months
#11
A Giampietro-Ganeco, C M Owens, J L M Mello, R A Souza, F B Ferrari, P A Souza, H Borba
This study evaluated the effects of freezing (-18°C) for 12 mo on attributes related to the texture of breast, drumstick, and thigh from broilers raised in 4 different rearing systems. Five-hundred carcasses of male broilers raised in 4 rearing systems (Antibiotic-free, Cobb 500, n = 125; Free-range, Hubbard ISA, n = 125; Conventional, Cobb 500, n = 125; Organic, Cobb 500, n = 125) were divided into breast, drumstick, and thigh and stored under freezing (-18°C) for 3, 6, 9, and 12 months. Breast, drumstick, and thigh meat from broilers raised in all studied rearing systems showed reduction (P < 0...
October 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920811/salt-bath-as-a-treatment-for-idiopathic-dermatitis-in-captive-nile-hippopotamus-hippopotamus-amphibius
#12
Kelly E Helmick
Ulcerative skin lesions were observed in two captive adult female hippos (Hippopotamus amphibius) from a zoological collection. Lesions appeared as cracking, peeling, or vesicles of the skin affecting the lateral and ventral aspects of the neck, limbs, thorax, and abdomen, dorsum, toes, and perineal region. Some lesions drained blood, serum, or purulent material. Histologic evaluation of sloughed skin consisted of deep dermal collagen with bacterial cellulitis and vasculitis and superficial fungal colonization...
September 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913873/improvement-of-decellularization-efficiency-of-porcine-aorta-using-dimethyl-sulfoxide-as-a-penetration-enhancer
#13
Selcan Guler, Halil M Aydin, Lan-Xin Lü, Ying Yang
Decellularization of tissues and organs enables researchers to obtain extracellular matrix (ECM) with the natural conformation and chemical composition of specific tissues. However, drawbacks exist such as the structural alteration of ECM or loss of some important components in ECM due to overexposure to chemicals during the decellularization process. In this study, porcine aorta was decellularized by sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS). Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) was used as a penetration enhancer in the decellularization process to enhance the penetration of SDS, consequently reducing the exposure time of SDS to treated tissues...
September 15, 2017: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875112/bilateral-corneal-perforation-due-to-mrsa-keratitis-in-a-crosslinking-patient
#14
Zackery Oakey, Kevin Thai, Sumit Garg
Introduction: The cornea may become infected and perforated after epithelium-on collagen crosslinking. Case presentation: A healthy 33-year-old male who underwent corneal collagen crosslinking in both eyes developed a purulent keratitis and bilateral corneal perforations, requiring bilateral penetrating keratoplasties. He was exposed to methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) by a family member with a tracheostomy and was treated with MRSA-directed antibiotics. After prolonged recovery and treatment of his infection, he had acceptable but limited uncorrected visual acuity, with excellent corrected visual acuity...
2017: GMS Ophthalmology Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865450/elution-kinetics-of-vancomycin-and-gentamicin-from-carriers-and-their-effects-on-mesenchymal-stem-cell-proliferation-an-in-vitro-study
#15
Tomas Kucera, Lenka Ryskova, Tomas Soukup, Jana Malakova, Eva Cermakova, Pavel Mericka, Jakub Suchanek, Pavel Sponer
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal infections remain a major complication in orthopedic surgery. The local delivery of antibiotics provides the high levels required to treat an infection without systemic toxicity. However, the local toxicity of antibiotic carriers to the mesenchymal stem cells, as a result of both the peak concentrations and the type of carrier, may be significant. METHODS: To address this concern, the elution kinetics of vancomycin and gentamicin from several commercially available antibiotic carriers and several carriers impregnated by a surgeon (10 ml of each sterile carrier were manually mixed with a 500 mg vancomycin and an 80 mg gentamicin solution, and the duration of impregnation was 30 min) were assessed...
September 2, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807566/electrospun-collagen-based-nanofibres-a-sustainable-material-for-improved-antibiotic-utilisation-in-tissue-engineering-applications
#16
Ivan J Hall Barrientos, Eleonora Paladino, Peter Szabó, Sarah Brozio, Peter J Hall, Charles I Oseghale, Melissa K Passarelli, Susan J Moug, Richard A Black, Clive G Wilson, Romana Zelkó, Dimitrios A Lamprou
For the creation of scaffolds in tissue engineering applications, it is essential to control the physical morphology of fibres and to choose compositions which do not disturb normal physiological function. Collagen, the most abundant protein in the human body, is a well-established biopolymer used in electrospinning compositions. It shows high in-vivo stability and is able to maintain a high biomechanical strength over time. In this study, the effects of collagen type I in polylactic acid-drug electrospun scaffolds for tissue engineering applications are examined...
August 12, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804554/effect-of-omiganan-on-colonic-anastomosis-healing-in-a-rat-model-of-peritonitis
#17
Teresa Lorenzi, Maria Michela Cappelletti Trombettoni, Roberto Ghiselli, Francesca Paolinelli, Rosaria Gesuita, Oscar Cirioni, Mauro Provinciali, Wojciech Kamysz, Elzbieta Kamysz, Cristiano Piangatelli, Mario Castellucci Md, Mario Guerrieri, Manrico Morroni
BACKGROUND: This study investigates the effects of the antimicrobial cationic peptide omiganan-alone and combined with the antibiotic imipenem-on colonic anastomosis healing in presence of intraperitoneal sepsis induced in a rodent model of cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). METHODS: Forty male Wistar rats were divided into 5 groups of 8 animals. Group 1 (control group) underwent laparotomy and cecal mobilization and the next day received left colon anastomosis...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795395/modulation-of-periodontitis-progression-using-ph-responsive-nanosphere-encapsulating-metronidazole-or-n-phenacylthialzolium-bromide
#18
J-H Lin, F Feng, M-C Yu, C-H Wang, P-C Chang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop pH-responsive polylactide-glycolic acid co-polymer and chitosan (PLGA/chitosan) nanosphere as an inflammation-responsive vehicle and evaluate the potential of the nanosphere encapsulating metronidazole, an antibiotic, and N-phenacylthiazolium bromide (PTB), a host modulator, for treating periodontitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: PLGA/chitosan nanospheres were fabricated using oil-in-water emulsion method. Experimental periodontitis was induced on the rat maxillae, and the sites were randomly allocated to four treatment categories, including periodontitis alone (PR), periodontitis with nanospheres alone, nanospheres encapsulating metronidazole (MT) and nanospheres encapsulating PTB (PB)...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766808/investigation-of-the-regenerative-potential-of-necrotic-mature-teeth-following-different-revascularisation-protocols
#19
Sarah Hossam Fahmy, Ehab El Sayed Hassanien, Mohamed Mokhtar Nagy, Kariem Mostafa El Batouty, Mohamed Mekhemar, Karim Fawzy El Sayed, El Hassan Hassanein, Jörg Wiltfang, Christof Dörfer
This study aimed to assess the revascularisation potential of necrotic mature teeth in a dog model following different protocols. Periapical infection was induced in 54 mature premolars. Teeth were distributed into seven groups: (1) Double-antibiotic-paste/Blood clot, (2) Ciprofloxacin/collagen, (3) Double-antibiotic-paste/Collagen, (4) Modified Tri-antibiotic-paste /collagen, (5) Ciprofloxacin/Gelfoam, (6) Double-antibiotic-paste/Gelfoam, and (7) Modified Triantibiotic- paste/Gelfoam. Positive and negative controls included infected and healthy teeth, respectively, (n = 12 roots/group)...
August 2017: Australian Endodontic Journal: the Journal of the Australian Society of Endodontology Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762193/probiotic-features-of-lactic-acid-bacteria-isolated-from-a-diverse-pool-of-traditional-greek-dairy-products-regarding-specific-strain-host-interactions
#20
Georgia Zoumpopoulou, Alexandra Tzouvanou, Eleni Mavrogonatou, Voula Alexandraki, Marina Georgalaki, Rania Anastasiou, Marina Papadelli, Eugenia Manolopoulou, Maria Kazou, Dimitris Kletsas, Konstantinos Papadimitriou, Effie Tsakalidou
The increased consumers' interest on the positive role of food in wellbeing and health underscores the need to determine new probiotic microorganisms. Triggered by the fact that artisanal food products can be a valuable source of novel probiotic strains, 106 lactic acid bacteria, all isolated from traditional Greek dairy products, namely Feta, Kasseri, Xynotyri, Graviera, Formaela, Galotyri, and Kefalotyri cheeses as well as yogurt and milk, were studied for probiotic properties. Based on their survival at pH 2...
July 31, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
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