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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730696/cd34-cells-seeded-in-collagen-scaffolds-promote-bone-formation-in-a-mouse-calvarial-defect-model
#1
Jens Hertweck, Ulrike Ritz, Hermann Götz, Patrick C Schottel, Pol Maria Rommens, Alexander Hofmann
Bone tissue engineering (BTE) holds promise for managing the clinical problem of large bone defects. However, clinical adoption of BTE is limited due to limited vascularization of constructs, which could be circumvented by pre-cultivation of osteogenic and endothelial derived cells in natural-based polymer scaffolds. However, until now not many studies compared the effect of mono- and cocultures pre-seeded in collagen before implantation. We utilized a mouse calvarial defect model and compared five groups of collagen scaffolds: a negative control of a collagen scaffold alone, a positive control treated with BMP-7, monocultures of either human osteoblasts (hOBs) or CD34+ cells, and a coculture of hOB and CD34(+) cells...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720761/parylene-c-topographic-micropattern-as-a-template-for-patterning-pdms-and-polyacrylamide-hydrogel
#2
Ilaria Sanzari, Mauro Callisti, Antonio De Grazia, Daniel J Evans, Tomas Polcar, Themistoklis Prodromakis
Parylene C is a well-known polymer and it has been mainly employed as a protective layer for implantable electronics. In this paper, we propose a new approach to use Parylene C as a versatile template for patterning soft materials potentially applicable as scaffolds in cardiac tissue engineering (TE). Parylene C substrates were anisotropically patterned through standard lithographic process with hydrophilic channels separating raised hydrophobic strips. Ridges and grooves of the template are 10 µm width and depth ranging from 1 to 17 µm...
July 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720091/clinical-and-imaging-outcome-of-osteochondral-lesions-of-the-talus-treated-using-autologous-matrix-induced-chondrogenesis-technique-with-a-biomimetic-scaffold
#3
Domenico Albano, Nicolò Martinelli, Alberto Bianchi, Carmelo Messina, Francesco Malerba, Luca Maria Sconfienza
BACKGROUND: The purpose of our study was to assess the clinical and imaging outcome of autologous matrix-induced chondrogenesis (AMIC) technique consisting of microfractures followed by the filling of osteochondral lesions of the talus (OLTs) with a cell-free biphasic collagen-hydroxyapatite osteochondral scaffold (MaioRegen). METHODS: Sixteen patients (eight males, age: 42.6 ± 18.4, range 14-74) with OLT repaired using AMIC technique, with implantation of MaioRegen, were clinically evaluated through the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society Score (AOFAS) and a 10-point Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) pain score after a mean follow-up of 30 ± 16...
July 18, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717113/add-on-antiplatelet-effects-of-eicosapentaenoic-acid-with-tailored-dose-setting-in-patients-on-dual-antiplatelet-therapy
#4
Naoyoshi Hosogoe, Shuichi Ishikawa, Naoyuki Yokoyama, Ken Kozuma, Takaaki Isshiki
The aim of this study was to investigate the antiplatelet effects of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) at a sufficient dose following coronary stent implantation. Thirty-one patients on dual antiplatelet therapy with aspirin and clopidogrel were treated with highly purified EPA-E (Epadel(®)) for 12 weeks. Based on our previous study, patients with a high baseline EPA/arachidonic acid (AA) ratio (≥ 0.37; n = 11) were given a standard dose (1800 mg daily) of EPA-E, whereas those with a low EPA/AA ratio (< 0.37; n = 20) were given a high dose (2700 mg daily) to reach the target value of > 0...
July 14, 2017: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715631/synergistic-bacteria-killing-through-photodynamic-and-physical-actions-of-graphene-oxide-ag-collagen-coating
#5
Xianzhou Xie, Congyang Mao, Xiangmei Liu, Yanzhe Zhang, Zhenduo Cui, Xianjin Yang, Kelvin Wai Kwok Yeung, Haobo Pan, Paul K Chu, Shuilin Wu
Researchers have widely agreed that the broad spectrum antibacterial activity of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) can be predominantly ascribed to the action of Ag+. This study marks the first report detailing the rapid and highly efficient synergistic bacteria killing of AgNPs, which is achieved by inspiring AgNPs' strong photocatalytic capability to rapidly produce radical oxygen species using 660 nm visible light together with the innate antimicrobial ability of Ag+. These AgNPs were uniformly distributed into well-defined graphene oxide (GO) nanosheets through an in-situ reduction of Ag+ and subsequently wrapped with a thin layer of typeⅠcollagen...
July 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714570/human-osteoarthritic-chondrons-outnumber-patient-and-joint-matched-chondrocytes-in-hydrogel-culture-future-application-in-autologous-cell-based-oa-cartilage-repair
#6
Miriam Rothdiener, Tatiana Uynuk-Ool, Norbert Südkamp, Matthias Aurich, Alan J Grodzinsky, Bodo Kurz, Bernd Rolauffs
Autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) is used in 34-60% for osteoarthritic (OA) cartilage defects, although ACI is neither recommended nor designed for OA. Envisioning a hydrogel-based ACI for OA that uses chondrons instead of classically used chondrocytes, we hypothesized that human OA-chondrons may outperform OA-chondrocytes. We compared patient- and joint surface-matched human OA-chondrons vs. OA-chondrocytes cultured for the first time in a hydrogel, using a self-assembling peptide system. We determined yield, viability, cell numbers, mRNA expression, GAPDH mRNA enzyme activity, collagen II synthesis (CPII) and degradation (C2C), and sGAG...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713920/low%C3%A2-dose-halofuginone-inhibits-the-synthesis-of-type-i-collagen-without-influencing-type-ii-collagen-in-the-extracellular-matrix-of-chondrocytes
#7
Zeng Li, Hao Fei, Zhen Wang, Tianyi Zhu
Full‑thickness and large area defects of articular cartilage are unable to completely repair themselves and require surgical intervention, including microfracture, autologous or allogeneic osteochondral grafts, and autologous chondrocyte implantation. A large proportion of regenerative cartilage exists as fibrocartilage, which is unable to withstand impacts in the same way as native hyaline cartilage, owing to excess synthesis of type I collagen in the matrix. The present study demonstrated that low‑dose halofuginone (HF), a plant alkaloid isolated from Dichroa febrifuga, may inhibit the synthesis of type I collagen without influencing type II collagen in the extracellular matrix of chondrocytes...
July 15, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713850/collagen-and-heparan-sulfate-coatings-differentially-alter-cell-proliferation-and-attachment-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#8
Christopher M Walthers, Chase J Lyall, Alireza K Nazemi, Puneet V Rana, James C Y Dunn
Tissue engineering is an innovative field of research applied to treat intestinal diseases. Engineered smooth muscle requires dense smooth muscle tissue and robust vascularization to support contraction. The purpose of this study was to use heparan sulfate (HS) and collagen coatings to increase the attachment of smooth muscle cells (SMCs) to scaffolds and improve their survival after implantation. SMCs grown on biologically coated scaffolds were evaluated for maturity and cell numbers after 2, 4 and 6 weeks in vitro and both 2 and 6 weeks in vivo...
September 2016: Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713118/preserving-the-bone-profile-in-anterior-maxilla-using-an-equine-cortical-bone-membrane-and-an-equine-enzyme-treated-bone-graft-a-case-report-with-5-year-follow-up
#9
Danilo A Di Stefano, Umberto Garagiola, Mirko A Bassi
AIM: This study aimed to report a well-succeeded use of equine enzyme-deantigenic cortical membrane and bone granules for guided bone regeneration (GBR) in the esthetic zone concomitant with implant placement. BACKGROUND: In the anterior maxilla, where patients typically have the highest expectations for implant-supported restorations, bone resorption in the wake of tooth loss often leads to a lack of soft tissue support and ultimately to unsatisfactory esthetic results...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710882/mid-trimester-preterm-premature-rupture-of-membranes-pprom-etiology-diagnosis-classification-international-recommendations-of-treatment-options-and-outcome
#10
REVIEW
Michael Tchirikov, Natalia Schlabritz-Loutsevitch, James Maher, Jörg Buchmann, Yuri Naberezhnev, Andreas S Winarno, Gregor Seliger
Mid-trimester preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM), defined as rupture of fetal membranes prior to 28 weeks of gestation, complicates approximately 0.4%-0.7% of all pregnancies. This condition is associated with a very high neonatal mortality rate as well as an increased risk of long- and short-term severe neonatal morbidity. The causes of the mid-trimester PPROM are multifactorial. Altered membrane morphology including marked swelling and disruption of the collagen network which is seen with PPROM can be triggered by bacterial products or/and pro-inflammatory cytokines...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710793/safety-and-performance-of-a-novel-collagenated-xenogeneic-bone-block-for-lateral-alveolar-crest-augmentation-for-staged-implant-placement
#11
Alberto Ortiz-Vigón, Iñaki Suarez, Sergio Martínez-Villa, Ignacio Sanz-Martín, Juan Bollain, Mariano Sanz
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the performance and safety of placing a collagenated xenogeneic bone block (CXBB) graft for the lateral bone augmentation of the alveolar crest prior to implant placement. MATERIAL & METHODS: In patients with single or multiple tooth gaps and a severe horizontal collapse of the alveolar ridge, a ridge augmentation procedure was performed using CXBB fixated with osteosynthesis screws to the atrophic bone crest and complemented with deproteinized bovine bone mineral particles (DBBM) and a native bilayer collagen membrane (NBCM)...
July 14, 2017: Clinical Oral Implants Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710505/application-of-human-acellular-breast-dermal-matrix-abdm-in-implant-based-breast-reconstruction-an-experimental-study
#12
Nahid Nafisi, Mohammad Esmaeil Akbari, Fatemeh Mahjoub, Mohammad Javad Mohseni, Shabnam Sabetkish, Reza Khorramirouz, Mona Tehrani, Abdol-Mohammad Kajbafzadeh
BACKGROUND: The use of acellular dermal matrices (ABDM) has become more common for breast reconstruction to improve postoperative outcomes. We evaluated the efficacy of breast reconstruction by the application of human ABDM in a sheep model. METHODS: The sheep in group I (GI) (N = 4) underwent the following procedures on the right side: (1) breast reconstruction using human ABDM after total mastectomy, (2) human ABDM under the skin, near the breast area and on the left side, (3) fat injection and human ABDM after partial mastectomy, and (4) replacement of ABDM in the abdominal wall far from the breast...
July 14, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701801/adipose-tissue-formation-utilizing-fat-flap-distraction-technique
#13
Myung Chul Lee, Won Jai Lee, Byung Il Lee, Kee Yang Chung, Jae Woo Kim, Eun Hye Kang, Yong Oock Kim
Co-regulation between adipocytes and supporting vasculature is considered an important process in adipose tissue generation. The objective of this study was to evaluate the mechanical and biological effects of a distraction technique on adipose tissue formation and maintenance. Based on the hypothesis that fat flaps gradually receding from each other can develop an adipose tissue construct, perforated polycarbonate syringe-shaped chambers were implanted in a rabbit model. Latency (1 week) and distraction (3 weeks) periods were followed by a consolidation period in the experimental groups (4, 8, and 12 weeks)...
July 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696960/sinus-floor-augmentation-with-ambient-blood-and-an-absorbable-collagen-sponge-a-prospective-pilot-clinical-study
#14
Antoine Berberi, Nabih Nader, Rita Bou Assaf, Hussein Fayyad-Kazan, Saad Khairalah, Nabil Moukarzel
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to clinically, radiologically, and histologically evaluate a sinus augmentation technique using a resorbable collagen sponge to maintain space between the Schneiderian membrane and the residual crestal bone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with partially edentulous maxillae were clinically and radiographically evaluated for implant placement. A total of 10 consecutive patients with the bone height for implant placement (<4.0 mm) were enrolled in the study...
July 10, 2017: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696091/enhanced-osseointegration-of-porous-titanium-modified-with-zeolitic-imidazolate-framework-8
#15
Xin Zhang, Junyu Chen, Xiang Pei, Jian Wang, Qianbing Wan, Shaokang Jiang, Chao Huang, Xibo Pei
Nanoscale zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 (ZIF-8)-modified titanium (ZIF-8@AHT) can enhance osteogenesis in vitro. In this study, we systematically and quantitatively examined the effects of ZIF-8@AHT on osteogenesis, and investigated its ability to form bone in vivo. First, we coated various quantities of nanoscale ZIF-8 crystals on alkali- and heat-treated titanium (AHT) by controlling the concentration of the synthesis solution. We then characterized the ZIF-8@AHT materials using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and determination of the sessile drop contact angle...
July 11, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694827/preferred-m2-polarization-by-asc-based-hydrogel-accelerated-angiogenesis-and-myogenesis-in-volumetric-muscle-loss-rats
#16
Hong Huang, Jiejie Liu, Haojie Hao, Deyun Chen, Ling Zhizhong, Meirong Li, Haijing Song, Rong Xiang, Chaoguang Jiang, Xiaobing Fu, Weidong Han
Volumetric muscle loss (VML) injury resulted from massive muscle defects and diseases for which there are still no effective therapeutic treatments. This study aimed to investigate the effects of rat adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (rASCs) and rASCs-conditioned medium- (CM-) based type I collagen hydrogel on macrophage (MP) transition, myogenesis, and vascularization in the rat VML model. Laser Doppler results demonstrated much higher blood flow in the rASC- and CM-based hydrogel groups. qRT-PCR, hematoxylin and eosin, immunofluorescence, and Sirius Red staining manifested that both rASCs and CM-based hydrogel implantation accelerated muscle repair with upregulated angiogenesis and myogenesis, attenuated inflammation while facilitating M2 transition, and decreased the collagen deposition compared with the hydrogel group...
2017: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692513/viability-and-biomechanics-of-diced-cartilage-blended-with-platelet-rich-plasma-and-wrapped-with-poly-lactic-co-glycolic-acid-membrane
#17
Jun-Lin Liao, Jia Chen, Bin He, Yong Chen, Jia-Qun Xu, Hong-Ju Xie, Feng Hu, Ai-Jun Wang, ChengQun Luo, Qing-Feng Li, Jian-Da Zhou
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate the viability and biomechanics of diced cartilage blended with platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and wrapped with poly (lactic-co-glycolic) acid (PLGA) membrane in a rabbit model. METHODS: A total of 10 New Zealand rabbits were used for the study. Cartilage grafts were harvested from 1 side ear. The grafts were divided into 3 groups for comparison: bare diced cartilage, diced cartilage wrapped with PLGA membrane, and diced cartilage blended with PRP and wrapped with PLGA membrane...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688825/three-dimensional-bio-printed-scaffold-sleeves-with-mesenchymal-stem-cells-for-enhancement-of-tendon-to-bone-healing-in-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-using-soft-tissue-tendon-graft
#18
Sin Hyung Park, Yeong-Jin Choi, Sang Won Moon, Byung Hoon Lee, Jin-Hyung Shim, Dong-Woo Cho, Joon Ho Wang
PURPOSE: To investigate the efficacy of the insertion of 3-dimensional (3D) bio-printed scaffold sleeves seeded with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to enhance osteointegration between the tendon and tunnel bone in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction in a rabbit model. METHODS: Scaffold sleeves were fabricated by 3D bio-printing. Before ACL reconstruction, MSCs were seeded into the scaffold sleeves. ACL reconstruction with hamstring tendon was performed on both legs of 15 adult rabbits (aged 12 weeks)...
July 5, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688093/influence-of-bisphosphonates-on-the-adherence-and-metabolism-of-epithelial-cells-and-gingival-fibroblasts-to-titanium-surfaces
#19
Fernanda Gonçalves Basso, Taisa N Pansani, Diana G Soares, Lais M Cardoso, Josimeri Hebling, Carlos Alberto de Souza Costa
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of sodium alendronate (SA) and zoledronic acid (ZA), on the adhesion and metabolism of epithelial cells and gingival fibroblasts to titanium surfaces considering cell functions related to an effective mucosal barrier around the implant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cells were seeded onto titanium discs and incubated for 24 h. Then, serum-free DMEM containing selected bisphosphonates (0, 0.5, 1, or 5 μM) was added for 24 and 48 h...
July 8, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683650/effect-of-cell-sheet-manipulation-techniques-on-the-expression-of-collagen-type-ii-and-stress-fiber-formation-in-human-chondrocyte-sheets
#20
Sopita Wongin, Saranatra Waikakul, Pojchong Chotiyarnwong, Wanwipa Siriwatwechakul, Kwanchanok Viravaidya-Pasuwat
Cell sheet technology is applied to human articular chondrocytes to construct a tissue-like structure as an alternative treatment for cartilage defect. The effect of a gelatin manipulator, as a cell sheet transfer system, on the quality of the chondrocyte sheets was investigated. The changes of important chondrogenic markers and stress fibers, resulting from the cell sheet manipulation, were also studied. The chondrocyte cell sheets were constructed with patient-derived chondrocytes using a temperature-responsive polymer, and a gelatin manipulator as a transfer carrier...
July 6, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
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