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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231475/the-use-and-yield-of-continuous-eeg-in-critically-ill-patients-a-comparative-study-of-three-centers
#1
Vincent Alvarez, Andres A Rodriguez Ruiz, Suzette LaRoche, Lawrence J Hirsch, Christopher Parres, Paula E Voinescu, Andres Fernandez, Ognen A Petroff, Nishi Rampal, Hiba Arif Haider, Jong Woo Lee
OBJECTIVE: Continuous EEG (cEEG) monitoring of critically ill patients has gained widespread use, but there is substantial reported variability in its use. We analyzed cEEG and antiseizure drug (ASD) usage at three high volume centers. METHODS: We utilized a multicenter cEEG database used daily as a clinical reporting tool in three tertiary care sites (Emory Hospital, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Yale - New Haven Hospital). We compared the cEEG usage patterns, seizure frequency, detection of rhythmic/periodic patterns (RPP), and ASD use between the sites...
January 17, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228521/clustered-brachiopod-hox-genes-are-not-expressed-collinearly-and-are-associated-with-lophotrochozoan-novelties
#2
Sabrina M Schiemann, José M Martín-Durán, Aina Børve, Bruno C Vellutini, Yale J Passamaneck, Andreas Hejnol
Temporal collinearity is often considered the main force preserving Hox gene clusters in animal genomes. Studies that combine genomic and gene expression data are scarce, however, particularly in invertebrates like the Lophotrochozoa. As a result, the temporal collinearity hypothesis is currently built on poorly supported foundations. Here we characterize the complement, cluster, and expression of Hox genes in two brachiopod species, Terebratalia transversa and Novocrania anomalaT. transversa has a split cluster with 10 genes (lab, pb, Hox3, Dfd, Scr, Lox5, Antp, Lox4, Post2, and Post1), whereas N...
February 22, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215932/a-new-method-for-traumatic-renal-injury-in-a-canine-model
#3
Zhi-Qiang Cao, Ming Liang, Shawn Xiang Li, Xin Li, Yaling Han
BACKGROUND: Selective transcatheter angiographic embolization (TAE) is an important method for efficient and accurate hemostasis in organ injuries during emergency settings. Sometimes, TAE cannot be performed on patients because of the limitations imposed by their condition. METHODS: A total of 32 canines with traumatic right renal wounds were prepared by stab injuries. The canines were randomly divided into four groups according to different treatments. Group A was the renal neoplasty group (n=8)...
February 16, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212499/validation-of-the-french-version-of-the-dsm-5-yale-food-addiction-scale-in-a-nonclinical-sample
#4
Paul Brunault, Robert Courtois, Ashley N Gearhardt, Philippe Gaillard, Kevin Journiac, Sarah Cathelain, Christian Réveillère, Nicolas Ballon
OBJECTIVE: The Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) is the only questionnaire that assesses food addiction (FA) based on substance dependence criteria in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), Fourth Edition, Text Revision. Following recent updating of addiction criteria, a new DSM-5 version (YFAS 2.0) has been developed. Our study tested the psychometric properties of the French YFAS 2.0 in a nonclinical population. METHOD: We assessed 330 nonclinical participants for FA (French YFAS 2...
March 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211603/impact-of-six-versus-12-months-of-dual-antiplatelet-therapy-in-patients-with-drug-eluting-stent-implantation-after-risk-stratification-with-the-residual-syntax-score-results-from-a-secondary-analysis-of-the-i-love-it-2-trial
#5
Miaohan Qiu, Yi Li, Jing Li, Kai Xu, Quanmin Jing, Shaohong Dong, Zhe Jin, Pitian Zhao, Bo Xu, Yaling Han
BACKGROUND: The optimal duration of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation remains undetermined, especially for those at high risk of cardiac events postprocedure. OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed to investigate the impact of 6 versus 12 months of DAPT after DES implantation based on risk stratification with the residual SYNTAX score (rSS). METHODS: A total of 2737 patients in the I-LOVE-IT 2 trial were grouped according to rSS status (low rSS [rSS = 0, n = 1474] versus high rSS [rSS > 0, n = 1263]) and DAPT duration (6 months vs...
February 17, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209530/slc39a6-promotes-aggressiveness-of-esophageal-carcinoma-cells-by-increasing-intracellular-levels-of-zinc-activating-phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase-signaling-and-upregulating-genes-that-regulate-metastasis
#6
Xinxin Cheng, Lixuan Wei, Xudong Huang, Jian Zheng, Mingming Shao, Ting Feng, Jun Li, Yaling Han, Wenle Tan, Wen Tan, Dongxin Lin, Chen Wu
BACKGROUND & AIMS: A common variant in the solute carrier family 39 member 6 gene (SLC39A6) has been associated with survival times of patients with esophageal squamous-cell carcinoma (ESCC). We investigated the function of SLC39A6 and ways in which this variant affects tumor progression by studying ESCC samples and cell lines. METHODS: SLC39A6 was expressed, or knocked down by expression of small hairpin RNAs, in ESCC cells (KYSE30 and KYSE450) and HeLa cells using lentiviral vectors; we analyzed effects on proliferation, colony formation, migration, and invasion in vitro...
February 13, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207915/suicidal-and-death-ideation-among-adults-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-presenting-for-intensive-intervention
#7
Eric A Storch, Brian Kay, Monica S Wu, Joshua M Nadeau, Bradley Riemann
BACKGROUND: This study examined the frequency and relation of death and/or suicidal ideation to treatment response in 101 adults with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) presenting for intensive intervention. METHODS: Within 2 days of admission to an intensive treatment program, 101 adults with OCD completed the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale-Self Report, Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology-Self Report, Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale, Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory-Revised, Penn State Worry Questionnaire, and Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire-Short Form, and were administered the Columbia Suicide Scale by a trained clinician...
February 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202705/moderators-and-predictors-of-response-to-behavior-therapy-for-tics-in-tourette-syndrome
#8
Denis G Sukhodolsky, Douglas W Woods, John Piacentini, Sabine Wilhelm, Alan L Peterson, Lily Katsovich, James Dziura, John T Walkup, Lawrence Scahill
OBJECTIVE: To examine moderators and predictors of response to behavior therapy for tics in children and adults with Tourette syndrome and chronic tic disorders. METHODS: Data from 2 10-week, multisite studies (1 in children and 1 in adults; total n = 248) comparing comprehensive behavioral intervention for tics (CBIT) to psychoeducation and supportive therapy (PST) were combined for moderator analyses. Participants (177 male, 71 female) had a mean age of 21.5 ± 13...
February 15, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196991/efficacy-of-mindfulness-integrated-cognitive-behavior-therapy-in-patients-with-predominant-obsessions
#9
Ajay Kumar, Mahendra P Sharma, Janardhanan C Narayanaswamy, Thennarasu Kandavel, Y C Janardhan Reddy
BACKGROUND: Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) involving exposure and response prevention is the gold standard psychotherapeutic intervention for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). However, applying traditional CBT techniques to treat patients with predominant obsessions (POs) without covert compulsions is fraught with problems because of inaccessibility of mental compulsions. In this context, we examined the efficacy of mindfulness-integrated CBT (MICBT) in patients with POs without prominent overt compulsions...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196521/comparison-of-two-independent-systematic-reviews-of-trials-of-recombinant-human-bone-morphogenetic-protein-2-rhbmp-2-the-yale-open-data-access-medtronic-project
#10
Jeffrey Low, Joseph S Ross, Jessica D Ritchie, Cary P Gross, Richard Lehman, Haiqun Lin, Rongwei Fu, Lesley A Stewart, Harlan M Krumholz
BACKGROUND: It is uncertain whether the replication of systematic reviews, particularly those with the same objectives and resources, would employ similar methods and/or arrive at identical findings. We compared the results and conclusions of two concurrent systematic reviews undertaken by two independent research teams provided with the same objectives, resources, and individual participant-level data. METHODS: Two centers in the USA and UK were each provided with participant-level data on 17 multi-site clinical trials of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2)...
February 15, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192292/single-molecule-optical-measurements-of-orientation-and-rotations-of-biological-macromolecules
#11
Deborah Y Shroder, Lisa G Lippert, Yale E Goldman
Subdomains of macromolecules often undergo large orientation changes during their catalytic cycles that are essential for their activity. Tracking these rearrangements in real time opens a powerful window into the link between protein structure and functional output. Site-specific labeling of individual molecules with polarized optical probes and measurement of their spatial orientation can give insight into the crucial conformational changes, dynamics, and fluctuations of macromolecules. Here we describe the range of single molecule optical technologies that can extract orientation information from these probes, review the relevant types of probes and labeling techniques, and highlight the advantages and disadvantages of these technologies for addressing specific inquiries...
November 22, 2016: Methods and Applications in Fluorescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183568/the-effect-of-play-distraction-on-anxiety-before-premedication-administration-a-randomized-trial
#12
Gözde Bumin Aydın, Serhat Yüksel, Jülide Ergil, Reyhan Polat, Fatma Kavak Akelma, Musa Ekici, Murat Sayın, Öner Odabaş
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The majority of children scheduled to undergo surgery experience substantial anxiety in the preoperative holding area before induction of anesthesia. Pharmacological interventions aimed at reducing perioperative anxiety are paradoxically a source of stress for children themselves. Midazolam is frequently used as premedication, and the formula of this drug in Turkey is bitter. We aimed to assess the role of distraction in the form of playing with play dough (Play-Doh) on reducing premedication anxiety in children...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181385/hemodynamic-profile-and-behavioral-characteristics-during-induction-of-anesthesia-in-pediatric-patients-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#13
Richard S Cartabuke, Joseph D Tobias, Julie Rice, Dmitry Tumin
AIM: There is no consensus regarding the administration of stimulant drugs preoperatively, particularly in pediatric patients diagnosed with ADHD. The primary objective of the current study was to assess differences in blood pressure and heart rate before and after induction of anesthesia between patients on chronic amphetamine or methylphenidate therapy who receive their normal dose preoperatively compared to patients in whom the prescribed medication was withheld. Secondary objectives were to assess the anxiety level during the induction of anesthesia and the effect of premedication with midazolam...
February 8, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176975/familial-aggregation-of-the-cerebellar-signs-in-familial-essential-tremor
#14
Elan D Louis, Nora Hernandez, Karen P Chen, Kelly V Naranjo, Jemin Park, Lorraine N Clark, Ruth Ottman
BACKGROUND: Although the hallmark feature of essential tremor (ET) is kinetic tremor, patients may exhibit additional motor features (e.g., intention tremor and mild gait ataxia) that are markers of an underlying abnormality of cerebellar function. ET is also a highly familial disorder, but we do not know whether the presence and expression of cerebellar signs are similar across family members. There are simply no published data. The alternative possibility is that these features are not heritable...
2017: Tremor and Other Hyperkinetic Movements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175522/338%C3%A2-molecular-mechanisms-underlying-malignant-progression-of-low-grade-idh1-mutant-meningiomas
#15
Murat Gunel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175499/218%C3%A2-meningioma-driver-mutations-determine-their-anatomical-site-of-origin
#16
Murat Gunel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166479/effects-of-t-2-toxin-on-pacific-white-shrimp-litopenaeus-vannamei-growth-and-antioxidant-defenses-and-capacity-and-histopathology-in-the-hepatopancreas
#17
Yijia Deng, Yaling Wang, Xiaodi Zhang, Lijun Sun, Chaojin Wu, Qi Shi, Rundong Wang, Xiaodong Sun, Siyuan Bi, Ravi Gooneratne
Modified-masked T-2 toxin (mT-2) formed during metabolism in edible aquatic animals may go undetected by traditional analytical methods, thereby underestimating T-2 toxicity. The effects of T-2 on growth and antioxidant capacity and histopathological changes in the hepatopancreas were studied in Pacific white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei exposed for 20 d to 0, 0.5, 1.2, 2.4, 4.8, and 12.2 mg/kg of T-2 in their feed. The concentration of mT-2 in the hepatopancreas was detected by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrophotometry before and after trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) treatment that converted mT-2 to free T-2...
March 2017: Journal of Aquatic Animal Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161896/equation-derived-body-fat-percentage-indicates-metabolic-abnormalities-among-normal-weight-adults-in-a-rural-chinese-population
#18
Xin Liu, Yaling Zhao, Qiang Li, Shaonong Dang, Hong Yan
OBJECTIVES: Obesity classification using body mass index (BMI) may miss subjects with elevated body fat percentage (BF%) and related metabolic risk factors. We aimed to evaluate whether BF% calculated by equations could provide more information about metabolic risks, in addition to BMI classification, in a cross-sectional rural Chinese population. METHODS: A total of 2,990 men and women aged 18-80 years were included in this study. BF% was calculated using previously validated Chinese-specific equations...
February 5, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159935/lncrnas-as-an-intermediate-in-hpv16-promoting-myeloid-derived-suppressor-cell-recruitment-of-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#19
Xiangrui Ma, Surui Sheng, Jingbiao Wu, Yaping Jiang, Xiaolei Gao, Xiao Cen, Jiashun Wu, Shasha Wang, Yajie Tang, Yaling Tang, Xinhua Liang
The emerging evidence showed that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in cell growth and apoptosis as well as cancer progression and metastasis of malignant tumor, however, limited data are available on the role of lncRNAs in human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated Head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC). Here, we demonstrated that 23.98% of 196 HNSCC cases in Southwest China could be classified as HPV16 infection. The number of MDSCs in HPV-positive HNSCC was significantly higher than normal control, indicating that HPV infection may promote MDSCs aggregation...
February 1, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159859/surgical-indication-for-chronic-aortic-dissection-in-descending-thoracic-and-thoracoabdominal-aorta
#20
Tatsuya Oda, Kenji Minatoya, Hiroaki Sasaki, Hiroshi Tanaka, Yoshimasa Seike, Tatsuya Itonaga, Yosuke Inoue, Masahiro Higashi, Kunihiro Nishimura, Junjiro Kobayashi
BACKGROUND: To address the lack of information about the size of ruptures associated with chronic dissection in the descending and thoracoabdominal aorta, we evaluated the natural history of this pathology. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed data from 571 patients (mean age, 69.4±11.6 years) with unrepaired chronic aortic dissection in the descending or thoracoabdominal aorta with a maximal aortic diameter of ≥3.5 cm from 2007 to 2014. This was a cross-sectional study...
February 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
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