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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163312/a-new-standardized-emotional-film-database-for-asian-culture
#1
Yaling Deng, Meng Yang, Renlai Zhou
Researchers interested in emotions have endeavored to elicit emotional responses in the laboratory and have determined that films were one of the most effective ways to elicit emotions. The present study presented the development of a new standardized emotional film database for Asian culture. There were eight kinds of emotion: fear, disgust, anger, sadness, neutrality, surprise, amusement, and pleasure. Each kind included eight film clips, and a total of 64 emotional films were viewed by 110 participants. We analyzed both the subjective experience (valence, arousal, motivation, and dominance) and physiological response (heart rate and respiration rate) to the presentation of each film...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158148/comparing-escitaloipram-with-sertraline-for-obsessive-and-compulsive-symptoms-in-patients-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-comparative-double-blind-clinical-trial
#2
Arash Mowla, Farzaneh Modarresi, Seyed Ali Dastgheib
BACKGROUND: Escitalopram has some unique features among selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. The aim of this survey is to compare the efficacy of escitalopram with sertraline on obsessive and compulsive symptoms in patients with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). METHODS: In this 12-week double blind controlled randomized clinical trial, 57 patients with OCD were randomly allocated to receive escitalopram or sertraline. Yale Brown obsessive compulsive behavior scale (YBOCS) was used to assess the outcomes...
November 7, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148866/drugs-of-abuse-and-novel-psychoactive-substances-at-outdoor-music-festivals-in-colorado
#3
Jacob Fox, Alexis Smith, Alexander Yale, Christopher Chow, Elsa Alaswad, Tracy Cushing, Andrew A Monte
BACKGROUND: Drugs of abuse (DOA) are widely used in the United States and are ubiquitous at outdoor music festivals. Attendees at music festivals are at high-risk for novel psychoactive substance (NPS) use, which is becoming more prevalent worldwide. No U.S. studies have employed an qualitative approach to investigate the etiologies of both traditional DOA and NPS use amongst music festival attendees. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to improve understanding of the knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and practices of festival attendees using NPS and DOA...
November 17, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148206/comparison-of-valvar-and-right-ventricular-function-following-transcatheter-and-surgical-pulmonary-valve-replacement
#4
Wendy F Li, Heidi Pollard, Mohsen Karimi, Jeremy D Asnes, William E Hellenbrand, Veronika Shabanova, Constance G Weismann
OBJECTIVE: Trans-catheter (TC) pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) has become common practice for patients with right ventricular outflow tract obstruction (RVOTO) and/or pulmonic insufficiency (PI). Our aim was to compare PVR and right ventricular (RV) function of patients who received TC vs surgical PVR. DESIGN: Retrospective review of echocardiograms obtained at three time points: before, immediately after PVR, and most recent. PATIENTS: Sixty-two patients (median age 19 years, median follow-up 25 months) following TC (N = 32) or surgical (N = 30) PVR at Yale-New Haven Hospital were included...
November 17, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144037/a-15-year-old-girl-with-a-funky-looking-great-toenail
#5
Katerina Yale, Julie Jefferson, A Yasmine Kirkorian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141416/perturbation-expansions-of-stochastic-wavefunctions-for-open-quantum-systems
#6
Yaling Ke, Yi Zhao
Based on the stochastic unravelling of the reduced density operator in the Feynman path integral formalism for an open quantum system in touch with harmonic environments, a new non-Markovian stochastic Schrödinger equation (NMSSE) has been established that allows for the systematic perturbation expansion in the system-bath coupling to arbitrary order. This NMSSE can be transformed in a facile manner into the other two NMSSEs, i.e., non-Markovian quantum state diffusion and time-dependent wavepacket diffusion method...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140916/gender-disparities-in-medical-student-research-awards-a-thirteen-year-study-from-the-yale-school-of-medicine
#7
Joseph T King, Nancy R Angoff, John N Forrest, Amy C Justice
PURPOSE: Instruction in research conduct is currently required, and many U.S. medical schools require students to complete a research project. Each year all Yale School of Medicine (YSM) graduating students submit a research thesis, and ~5% are awarded highest honors. Gender disparities exist in areas related to physician research productivity, including academic rank, research funding, and publications. The authors asked whether gender disparities exist for medical student research. METHOD: The authors conducted a retrospective review of 1,120 theses submitted by graduating medical students from 2003-2015 at YSM and collected data on gender, mentoring, research type, sponsoring department, and other characteristics...
November 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135777/validity-of-using-inpatient-and-outpatient-administrative-codes-to-identify-acute-venous-thromboembolism-the-cvrn-vte-study
#8
Margaret C Fang, Dongjie Fan, Sue Hee Sung, Daniel M Witt, John R Schmelzer, Steven R Steinhubl, Steven H Yale, Alan S Go
BACKGROUND: Administrative data are frequently used to identify venous thromboembolism (VTE) for research and quality reporting. However, the validity of these codes, particularly in outpatients, has not been well-established. OBJECTIVE: To determine how well International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) codes for VTE predict chart-confirmed acute VTE in inpatient and outpatients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We selected 4642 adults with an incident ICD-9 diagnosis of VTE between years 2004 and 2010 from the Cardiovascular Research Network Venous Thromboembolism cohort study...
December 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134496/an-analysis-of-treatment-seeking-behavior-in-individuals-with-gambling-disorder
#9
Michael D Harries, Sarah A Redden, Jon E Grant
Gambling disorder affects approximately 1.1-3.5% of the population, with the rates being higher in young adults. Despite this high prevalence, little is known regarding which pathological gamblers decide to seek treatment. This study sought to examine the differences in three groups of pathological gamblers: those who did not seek treatment (n = 94), those who sought therapy (n = 106) and those who sought medication therapy (n = 680). All subjects were assessed on a variety of measures including demographics, family history, gambling history, comorbid psychiatric disorders and an assortment of clinical variables such as the Quality of Life Inventory, Hamilton Depression and Anxiety Rating Scales, Yale Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale for Pathologic Gambling (PG-YBOCS), Barratt Impulsiveness Scale, Eysenck Impulsiveness Questionnaire and select cognitive tasks...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124354/parathyroid-thyroid-and-recurrent-laryngeal-nerve-anatomy-in-an-indian-rhinoceros-rhinoceros-unicornis
#10
R Udelsman, S B Citino, M Prasad, P I Donovan, D V Fredholm
INTRODUCTION: The parathyroid gland was first identified in the Indian rhinoceros in 1849 by Sir Richard Owen. We performed a necropsy in an Indian rhinoceros, recapitulating Owen's dissection and display what appear to be the initial identification of the recurrent laryngeal nerve in situ and the anatomy and histology of the largest rhinoceros parathyroid glands yet identified. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patrick T. Rhino, a 41-year-old Indian rhinoceros was born in 1974...
November 9, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122148/a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-of-aerobic-exercise-as-an-adjunct-to-ocd-treatment
#11
Ana M Abrantes, Richard A Brown, David R Strong, Nicole McLaughlin, Sarah L Garnaat, Maria Mancebo, Deborah Riebe, Julie Desaulniers, Agustin G Yip, Steven Rasmussen, Benjamin D Greenberg
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the current study was to conduct a randomized controlled trial testing the efficacy of aerobic exercise for decreasing OCD symptom severity, other mental health outcomes, and increasing exercise behaviors and cardiorespiratory fitness among individuals with OCD. METHOD: Fifty-six patients (64% female; mean age=38.8years) with OCD and a Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS) score of 16 or greater despite engaging in OCD treatment were randomized to 12-weeks of supervised plus home-based moderate-intensity aerobic exercise (AE; n=28) or to 12-weeks of health education sessions (HE; n=28)...
November 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116607/hydrothermal-synthesis-of-nitrogen-doped-carbon-quantum-dots-as-fluorescent-probes-for-the-detection-of-dopamine
#12
Chunxi Zhao, Yang Jiao, Jianhao Hua, Jian Yang, Yaling Yang
Nitrogen-doped carbon quantum dots (N-CQDs) were synthesized though a facile, economical and straightforward hydrothermal method by using polyacrylamide as both carbon and nitrogen sources. The as-prepared N-CQDs offered high quantum yield of 23.1%, exhibited good water solubility and fluorescence properties. Moreover, the N-CQDs can be used as effective probes for sensitive and selective detection of dopamine. Fluorescence of N-CQDs was effectively quenched after the addition of dopamine owing to dopamine would be transformed into dopamine-quinone under alkaline conditions...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Fluorescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113329/the-clock-gene-brain-and-muscle-arnt-like-1-regulates-autophagy-in-high-glucose-induced-cardiomyocyte-injury
#13
Li Qiao, Bingyan Guo, Hui Zhang, Rong Yang, Liang Chang, Yaling Wang, Xin Jin, Suyun Liu, Yongjun Li
High-glucose-induced cardiomyocyte injury is the major cause of diabetic cardiomyopathy, but its regulatory mechanisms are not fully understood. Here, we report that a circadian clock gene, brain and muscle Arnt-like 1 (Bmal1), increases autophagy in high-glucose-induced cardiomyocyte injury. We constructed a hyperglycemia model with cultured cardiomyocytes from neonatal rats. High-glucose-induced inhibition of autophagy and cardiomyocyte injury were attenuated by Bmal1 overexpression and aggravated by its knockdown...
October 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108457/screening-for-depression-in-andean-latin-america-factor-structure-and-reliability-of-the-ces-d-short-form-and-the-phq-8-among-bolivian-public-hospital-patients
#14
Karolina Schantz, Chelsea Reighard, James E Aikens, Amparo Aruquipa, Bismark Pinto, Helen Valverde, John D Piette
Objective We assessed the validity and reliability of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression scale (CES-D) short form and the Patient Health Questionnaire-8 (PHQ-8) (two measures of depressive symptoms) among urban, low-income patients from a heavily indigenous area of Andean Latin America. This is a patient population that is in many ways culturally distinct from the populations that have been included in previous Spanish language validation studies of these instruments. Methods We administered the CES-D Yale version short form and the PHQ-8 to 107 outpatients at public hospitals in La Paz and El Alto, Bolivia...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103664/canagliflozin-in-conjunction-with-sulfonylurea-maintains-glycemic-control-and-weight-loss-over-52-weeks-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#15
Jean-François Yale, John Xie, Stephen E Sherman, Claude Garceau
PURPOSE: Our aim was to investigate the long-term efficacy and safety of canagliflozin, a sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor, added to background sulfonylurea (SU) monotherapy for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: The CANagliflozin cardioVascularAssessment Study (CANVAS) was a double-blind, placebo-controlled cardiovascular outcomes study that randomly assigned participants to receive placebo or canagliflozin 100 or 300 mg once daily in addition to routine therapy...
November 2, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102534/food-and-beverage-consumption-and-food-addiction-among-women-in-the-nurses-health-studies
#16
Adina R Lemeshow, Eric B Rimm, Deborah S Hasin, Ashley N Gearhardt, Alan J Flint, Alison E Field, Jeanine M Genkinger
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Previous studies have not addressed a fundamental component of a food addiction disorder: the compulsive relationship between eating and potentially positively reinforcing foods. We aimed to evaluate the association between food consumption and food addiction. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We conducted cross-sectional analyses merging data from the Nurses' Health Study (n = 58,625) and Nurses' Health Study II (n = 65,063), two prospective cohort studies of female nurses in the United States...
November 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100251/memantine-augmentation-improves-symptoms-in-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitor-refractory-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Atieh Modarresi, Mehdi Sayyah, Setareh Razooghi, Kaveh Eslami, Mohammadreza Javadi, Leila Kouti
Introduction There is a large body of evidence on the clinical benefits of augmentation therapy with glutamate-modulating agents, such as memantine in reducing OCD symptoms. Methods A double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted on SRIrefractory OCD patients. Thirty-two patients were randomized to receive either 20 mg/day memantine or placebo augmentation and were visited at baseline and every 4 weeks for 12 weeks. Results were measured using the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS). Results The Y-BOCS total score was significantly reduced in the memantine group at the end of weeks 8 and 12, while no improvement was observed in the placebo group throughout the trial...
November 3, 2017: Pharmacopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099566/colorectal-cancer-screening
#18
Christopher Bray, Lauren N Bell, Hong Liang, Dennis Collins, Steven H Yale
Colorectal cancer (CRC) continues to be one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers and contributes significantly to many cancer-related deaths despite sustained progress in diagnostic and treatment options. Many forms of CRC can be prevented through early and routine screening, when precancerous lesions may be detected and removed before they undergo malignant transformation or metastasis. Despite widespread efforts to improve CRC screening rates, at least 40% of age-eligible adults do not adhere to screening guidelines...
February 2017: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099433/the-anesthesia-records-of-harvey-cushing-and-ernest-codman
#19
Lalitha V Sundararaman, Sukumar P Desai
Hundreds of thousands of anesthesia records are created each day. The earliest records were prepared by 2 medical students in late 19th-century Boston. Ernest Codman and Harvey Cushing went on to become prominent surgeons and contributed much to the safety of the surgical patient. Cushing's career is celebrated due to his associations with William Stewart Halsted, Peter Bent Brigham Hospital, Yale University, in New Haven, Connecticut, and his biography of Sir William Osler. Codman is remembered for introducing the morbidity and mortality conference as well as his drive to improve outcomes and patient safety...
November 1, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096915/double-kissing-crush-versus-provisional%C3%A2-stenting-for-left-main-distal%C3%A2-bifurcation-lesions-dkcrush-v-randomized-trial
#20
Shao-Liang Chen, Jue-Jie Zhang, Yaling Han, Jing Kan, Lianglong Chen, Chunguang Qiu, Tiemin Jiang, Ling Tao, Hesong Zeng, Li Li, Yong Xia, Chuanyu Gao, Teguh Santoso, Chootopol Paiboon, Yan Wang, Tak W Kwan, Fei Ye, Nailiang Tian, Zhizhong Liu, Song Lin, Chengzhi Lu, Shangyu Wen, Lang Hong, Qi Zhang, Imad Sheiban, Yawei Xu, Lefeng Wang, Tanveer S Rab, Zhanquan Li, Guanchang Cheng, Lianqun Cui, Martin B Leon, Gregg W Stone
BACKGROUND: Provisional stenting (PS) is the most common technique used to treat distal left main (LM) bifurcation lesions in patients with unprotected LM coronary artery disease undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. The double kissing (DK) crush planned 2-stent technique has been shown to improve clinical outcomes in non-LM bifurcations compared with PS, and in LM bifurcations compared with culotte stenting, but has never been compared with PS in LM bifurcation lesions. OBJECTIVES: The authors sought to determine whether a planned DK crush 2-stent technique is superior to PS for patients with true distal LM bifurcation lesions...
October 20, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
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