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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778040/violence-against-child-protection-workers-a-study-of-workers-experiences-attributions-and-coping-strategies
#1
Josianne Lamothe, Amélie Couvrette, Gabrielle Lebrun, Gabrielle Yale, Camille Roy, Stéphane Guay, Steve Geoffrion
Child protection workers (CPWs) are frequently exposed to client violence, both psychological and physical, in their line of work whether they operate in the community or in residential settings. Despite this known vulnerability, research on the subject has lagged. The current study sought to analyze CPWs' experiences with client violence, their interpretation of it, its perceived consequences and their coping strategies. Specifically, 30 CPWs working both in the community and in residential settings, took part in an in-depth, semi-structured interview...
May 16, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776028/modeling-thermal-inkjet-and-cell-printing-process-using-modified-pseudopotential-and-thermal-lattice-boltzmann-methods
#2
Salman Sohrabi, Yaling Liu
Pseudopotential lattice Boltzmann methods (LBMs) can simulate a phase transition in high-density ratio multiphase flow systems. If coupled with thermal LBMs through equation of state, they can be used to study instantaneous phase transition phenomena with a high-temperature gradient where only one set of formulations in an LBM system can handle liquid, vapor, phase transition, and heat transport. However, at lower temperatures an unrealistic spurious current at the interface introduces instability and limits its application in real flow system...
March 2018: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775621/methylation-of-nbpf1-as-a-novel-marker-for-the-detection-of-plasma-cell-free-dna-of-breast-cancer-patients
#3
REVIEW
Dandan Li, Pengchang Li, Jie Yi, Yaling Dou, Xiuzhi Guo, Yicong Yin, Danchen Wang, Chaochao Ma, Jie Wu, Ling Qiu
BACKGROUND: Recent studies revealed that tumor-specific gene methylation can be detected in the circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) of cancer patients; therefore, methylated cfDNA is considered a promising biomarker. Human neuroblastoma breakpoint family member 1 (NBPF1) was originally identified in a neuroblastoma (NB) patient. The present study is the first to evaluate the presence of NBPF1 gene methylation in cell-free DNA (cfDNA) in plasma of breast cancer patients. METHODS: Differentially methylated cfDNA was screened using bisulfite sequencing with a next-generation sequencer (BS-seq) among 25 breast cancer patients, 25 patients with a benign breast disease and 25 healthy female volunteers...
May 15, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774005/the-bergen-4-day-ocd-treatment-delivered-in-a-group-setting-12-month-follow-up
#4
Bjarne Hansen, Kristen Hagen, Lars-Göran Öst, Stian Solem, Gerd Kvale
The Bergen 4-day concentrated exposure treatment (cET) for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has proven highly acceptable; with practically no drop-out and a 6 month remission rate of nearly 70%. The aim of the present study was to evaluate long term gains of the approach, and to compare the results to findings from our recent meta-analysis. Sixty-nine of 95 patients consecutively referred to an outpatient clinic in the specialist health care, were offered the Bergen 4-day treatment. Among the 65 who initiated treatment, 60...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762704/new-chief-of-cardiovascular-medicine-at-yale-school-of-medicine
#5
Gary V Desir, Keith B Churchwell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 14, 2018: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760330/variations-in-volatile-oil-yield-and-composition-of-xin-yi-magnolia-biondii-pamp-flower-buds-at-different-growth-stages
#6
Mingli Hu, Mei Bai, Wei Ye, Yaling Wang, Hong Wu
Dried flower buds of Magnolia biondii Pamp. are the main ingredient in "Xin-yi" in China, and the volatile oils of M. biondii flower buds are the principal medicinal component. Gas chromatographymass spectrometry (GC-MS) and microscopic techniques were employed to detect the volatile yields of M. biondii flowers at various growth stages. The volatile oil yields of M. biondii flowers differed significantly at different growth stages and were closely related to flower dry weight, oil cell density and degree of oil accumulation...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753185/us-guided-diffuse-optical-tomography-clinicopathological-features-affect-total-hemoglobin-concentration-in-breast-cancer
#7
Wenxiang Zhi, Yu Wang, Cai Chang, Fen Wang, Yaling Chen, Na Hu, Xiaoli Zhu, Li Xie
PURPOSE: To investigate breast cancers total hemoglobin concentration (THC) characteristics and its association with clinical pathologic findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was approved by the institutional review board and all patients provided written informed consent. 447 breast cancer patients, totally 455 lesions were included in our study. The size and THC of breast lesions were measured by conventional ultrasound (US) and US-guided Diffuse Optical Tomography (DOT) 1-2 days before surgery...
May 9, 2018: Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752218/elevated-international-normalized-ratio-is-not-associated-with-increased-perioperative-morbidity-in-podiatric-limb-salvage-surgery-a-retrospective-analysis
#8
Nalini Vadivelu, Alice M Kai, Feng Dai, Hosni Mikhael, Rima Aouad, Peter Blume
The risk of hemorrhage always exists in anticoagulated patients with an elevated international normalized ratio (INR), a risk that must be measured against the necessity for surgical procedures. The objective of the present retrospective medical record study was to assess the safety with which limb salvage procedures can be conducted in patients with an INR >1.4. The medical records of 231 patients who had undergone limb salvage procedures by 1 surgeon at the Yale New Haven Health System from November 2008 through July 2014 were reviewed...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751031/scaav9-vegf-165-inhibits-neuroinflammatory-response-and-invasion-of-macrophages-into-the-peripheral-nervous-system-of-als-transgenic-mice
#9
Ying Wang, Yuanyuan Liu, Jingxu Zhai, Weisong Duan, Shuo Sun, Hongying Cui, Xuexiao Chen, Jianwen Ji, Yaling Liu
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder leading to paralysis and death within 3-5 years. Although the vast majority studies focus on the vulnerable neurons, growing evidences showed that the non-neuronal cells contribute to pathogenesis and disease progression. Here, we showed that intrathecal injection of scAAV9-VEGF at 60 days of age could prolong the lifespan of ALS mice. VEGF treatment significantly reduced the number of microglia and inhibited the neuroinflammatory response in CNS...
May 8, 2018: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749439/high-c-x-c-motif-chemokine-5-expression-is-associated-with-malignant-phenotypes-of-prostate-cancer-cells-via-autocrine-and-paracrine-pathways
#10
Yaling Qi, Wenjie Zhao, Mengsen Li, Mingliang Shao, Jingtao Wang, Hongyu Sui, Haibo Yu, Wenwu Shao, Shiliang Gui, Jing Li, Xiuyue Jia, Dali Jiang, Yue Li, Pengxia Zhang, Shuqiu Wang, Weiqun Wang
The present study aimed to examine the effects and mechanisms of exogenous C-X-C motif chemokine 5 (CXCL5) and lentiviral CXCL5 overexpression on the regulation of malignant behaviors of prostate cancer cells in vitro and in a nude mouse xenograft model. The expression levels of CXCL5 and a number of tumor-related genes were assessed by using semi-quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), western blotting, ELISA, or immunohistochemistry in normal and cancerous prostate cells and tissues...
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746264/adherence-to-american-cancer-society-guidelines-on-nutrition-and-physical-activity-in-female-cancer-survivors-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial-yale-fitness-intervention-trial
#11
So-Hyun Park, M Tish Knobf, Jane Kerstetter, Sangchoon Jeon
BACKGROUND: The American Cancer Society (ACS) publishes guidelines on nutrition and physical activity to minimize health risks in cancer patients and survivors. Studies show that high adherence to such guidelines is associated with a decrease in overall cancer incidence and mortality. However, there are sparse data on adherence to the ACS guidelines in cancer survivors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe adherence to the ACS guidelines in female cancer survivors who participated in an exercise intervention trial for 1 year...
May 9, 2018: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743046/the-effect-of-pre-pregnancy-hair-dye-exposure-on-infant-birth-weight-a-nested-case-control-study
#12
Chao Jiang, Qingzhi Hou, Yaling Huang, Juan Ye, Xiaolian Qin, Yu Zhang, Wen Meng, Qiuyan Wang, Yonghua Jiang, Haiying Zhang, Mujun Li, Zengnan Mo, Xiaobo Yang
BACKGROUND: Limited evidences were reported about the risk of pre-pregnancy hair dye use or irregular menstruation with abnormal birth weight during pregnancy, and their joint effects were also unknown. The aim of our study was to explore whether the pre-pregnancy exposure of hair dye and irregular menstruation were associated with the risk of abnormal birth weight. METHODS: We conducted a nested case-control study from a prospective cohort of 6203 pregnant women...
May 9, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739633/getting-it-just-right-a-reevaluation-of-ocd-symptom-dimensions-integrating-traditional-and-bayesian-approaches
#13
Daniel Schulze, Norbert Kathmann, Benedikt Reuter
Previous research using the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS) suggests that the heterogeneous symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) may reflect four underlying dimensions. However, past results vary substantially, which may be due to (a) the reliance on aggregated scores, (b) the common use of exploratory factor analyses, and (c) the exclusion of several symptoms. The present study tested the homogeneity of the original Y-BOCS categories using confirmatory factor analysis and modified categories where necessary...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739611/ferrofluid-based-liquid-phase-microextraction-analysis-of-four-phenolic-compounds-in-milks-and-fruit-juices
#14
Dezhi Yang, Guixiang Li, Lan Wu, Yaling Yang
A novel liquid-phase microextraction based on the ferrofluid was successfully applied for the extraction and determination of four phenolic compounds (bisphenol-A, bisphenol-AF, tetrabromobisphenol-A and 4-tert-octylphenol) in milks and fruit juices. In this study, a range of alkyl (C4 -C10 ) alcohols as the carrier liquid were used for the preparation of ferrofluids. The study showed that an appropriate chain length of alkyl alcohol may improve the extraction efficiency and maintain the integrity of ferrofluids during extraction, so 1-heptanol (C7 ) was selected as the optimal carrier liquid...
September 30, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735934/facile-fabrication-of-magnetic-metal-organic-framework-composites-for-the-highly-selective-removal-of-cationic-dyes
#15
Huijun Li, Qingqing Li, Yaling He, Ning Zhang, Zhouqing Xu, Yuan Wang
In this work, we show a novel magnetic composite material Fe₃O₄@HPU-9 ( HPU-9 = {[Cd(L)0.5 (H₂O)](DMA)(CH₃CN)}n ) (H₄L = 1,1′-di(3,5-dicarbonylbenzyl)-2,2′bimidazoline, DMA = N , N -dimethylacetamide) constructed by in situ growth of HPU-9 on Fe₃O₄, which has excellent absorption of cationic dyes from aqueous solution. The Fe₃O₄@HPU-9 particle possesses a well-defined core-shell structure consisting of a Fe₃O₄ core (diameter: 190 nm) and a HPU-9 shell (thickness: 10 nm)...
May 7, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735930/efficacy-of-a-gluten-free-diet-in-the-gilles-de-la-tourette-syndrome-a-pilot-study
#16
Luis Rodrigo, Nuria Álvarez, Enrique Fernández-Bustillo, Javier Salas-Puig, Marcos Huerta, Carlos Hernández-Lahoz
The Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (GTS) and Non-Coeliac Gluten Sensitivity (NCGS) may be associated. We analyse the efficacy of a gluten-free diet (GFD) in 29 patients with GTS (23 children; six adults) in a prospective pilot study. All of them followed a GFD for one year. The Yale Global Tics Severity Scale (YGTSS), the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale—Self Report (Y-BOCS) or the Children’s Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale—Self Report (CY-BOCS), and the Cavanna’s Quality of Life Questionnaire applied to GTS (GTS-QOL) were compared before and after the GFD; 74% of children and 50% of adults were males, not significant (NS)...
May 7, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734487/cortical-thickness-and-white-matter-integrity-abnormalities-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-combined-multimodal-surface-based-morphometry-and-tract-based-spatial-statistics-study
#17
Cong Zhou, Jian Xu, Liangliang Ping, Fengrui Zhang, Wei Chen, Zonglin Shen, Linling Jiang, Xiufeng Xu, Yuqi Cheng
BACKGROUND: Cerebral morphological abnormalities may play a key role in pathogenesis of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). However, few studies have used multimodal imaging strategies to investigate alterations of cortical morphometry and white matter (WM) integrity. This study aimed to evaluate cortical thickness, cortical and subcortical volume, and WM integrity characteristics in OCD patients comprehensively. METHODS: We acquired magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans from 52 OCD patients and 46 well-matched healthy controls (HCs)...
May 7, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733777/morphological-and-structural-changes-of-umbilical-veins-and-clinical-significance-in-preeclampsia
#18
Yonghong Lan, Zhi Yang, Mingmei Huang, Zhigang Cui, Yaling Qi, Haiyan Niu
OBJECTIVE: Preeclampsia is a common complication of pregnancy that is characterized by high blood pressure. Preeclampsia can have both negative maternal and fetal effects, including impaired fetal development from reduced placental perfusion. Because umbilical vessels provide fetal blood supply, morphological changes in these vessels can critically affect fetal function. This study investigated morphological and structural changes in umbilical veins from 17 controls and 19 preeclampsia cases...
May 7, 2018: Hypertension in Pregnancy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723824/analysis-of-wrky-transcription-factors-and-characterization-of-two-botrytis-cinerea-responsive-lrwrky-genes-from-lilium-regale
#19
Qi Cui, Xiao Yan, Xue Gao, Dong-Mei Zhang, Heng-Bin He, Gui-Xia Jia
A major constraint in producing lilies is gray mold caused by Botrytis elliptica and B. cinerea. WRKY transcription factors play important roles in plant immune responses. However, limited information is available about the WRKY gene family in lily plants. In this study, 23 LrWRKY genes with complete WRKY domains were identified from the Botrytis-resistant species Lilium regale. The putative WRKY genes were divided into seven subgroups (Group I, IIa-e, and III) according to their structural features. Sequence alignment revealed that LrWRKY proteins have a highly conserved WRKYGQK domain and a variant, the WRKYGKK domain, and these proteins generally contained similar motif compositions throughout the same subgroup...
April 24, 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720639/the-forgotten-founder-of-ornithology
#20
Elizabeth Yale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Nature
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