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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330113/runt-related-transcription-factor-1-runx1-deficiency-attenuates-inflammation-induced-pro-inflammatory-and-pro-labour-mediators-in-myometrium
#1
Martha Lappas
Identifying new targets that regulate myometrial activation are required to develop effective treatments to stop preterm labor. Inflammation, which can be induced by sterile or infective insults, plays a role in initiating and maintaining uterine contractions. Several high throughput transcription screening studies have identified an upregulation of runt-related transcription factor 1 (RUNX1) mRNA expression in myometrium with labor. The role of RUNX1 in labor, however, is not known. We report increased RUNX1 during late gestation which was further augmented in labor, suggesting that RUNX1 may be involved in the transition of the myometrium from a quiescent into a contractile state in preparation for labor...
January 9, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324733/antibiotics-dispensed-to-privately-insured-pregnant-women-with-urinary-tract-infections-united-states-2014
#2
Elizabeth C Ailes, April D Summers, Emmy L Tran, Suzanne M Gilboa, Kathryn E Arnold, Dana Meaney-Delman, Jennita Reefhuis
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) occur in about 8% of pregnant women, and untreated UTIs can have serious consequences, including pyelonephritis, preterm labor, low birth weight, and sepsis (1). Pregnant women are typically screened for UTIs during early pregnancy, and those with bacteriuria are treated with antibiotics (1,2). Antibiotic stewardship is critical to improving patient safety and to combating antibiotic resistance. Because of the potential risk for birth defects, including anencephaly, heart defects, and orofacial clefts, associated with use of sulfonamides and nitrofurantoin during pregnancy (3), a 2011 committee opinion from the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recommended that sulfonamides and nitrofurantoin may be prescribed in the first trimester of pregnancy only when other antimicrobial therapies are deemed clinically inappropriate (4)...
January 12, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324601/potentially-preventable-stillbirth-in-a-diverse-u-s-cohort
#3
Jessica M Page, Vanessa Thorsten, Uma M Reddy, Donald J Dudley, Carol J Rowland Hogue, George R Saade, Halit Pinar, Corette B Parker, Deborah Conway, Barbara J Stoll, Donald Coustan, Radek Bukowski, Michael W Varner, Robert L Goldenberg, Karen Gibbins, Robert M Silver
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the proportion of potentially preventable stillbirths in the United States. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of 512 stillbirths with complete evaluation enrolled in the Stillbirth Collaborative Research Network from 2006 to 2008. The Stillbirth Collaborative Research Network was a multisite, geographically, racially, and ethnically diverse, population-based case-control study of stillbirth in the United States. Cases of stillbirth underwent standard evaluation that included maternal interview, medical record abstraction, biospecimen collection, postmortem examination, placental pathology, and clinically recommended evaluation...
January 9, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320948/the-profiles-of-soluble-adhesion-molecules-in-the-great-obstetrical-syndromes
#4
Nikolina Docheva, Roberto Romero, Piya Chaemsaithong, Adi L Tarca, Gaurav Bhatti, Percy Pacora, Bogdan Panaitescu, Noppadol Chaiyasit, Tinnakorn Chaiworapongsa, Eli Maymon, Sonia S Hassan, Offer Erez
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the profiles of maternal plasma soluble adhesion molecules in patients with preeclampsia, small-for-gestational-age (SGA) fetuses, acute pyelonephritis, preterm labor with intact membranes (PTL), preterm prelabor rupture of the membranes (preterm PROM), and fetal death. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine maternal plasma concentrations of sE-selectin, sL-selectin, and sP-selectin as well as sICAM-1, sVCAM-1, and sPECAM-1 in patients with 1) an uncomplicated pregnancy (control, n = 100); 2) preeclampsia (n = 94); 3) SGA fetuses (in women without preeclampsia/hypertension, n = 45); 4) acute pyelonephritis (n = 25); 5) PTL (n = 53); 6) preterm PROM (n = 24); and 7) fetal death (n = 34)...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315356/il22-prevents-lipopolysaccharide-induced-preterm-labor-in-mice
#5
Svetlana Dambaeva, Sylvia Schneiderman, Mukesh K Jaiswal, Varkha Agrawal, Gajendra Katara, Alice Gilman-Sachs, Emmet Hirsch, Kenneth D Beaman
Preterm birth is widespread and causes 35% of all neonatal deaths. Infants who survive face potential long-term complications. A major contributing factor of preterm birth is infection. We investigated the role of Interleukin 22 (IL22) as a potential clinically relevant cytokine during gestational infection. IL22 is an effector molecule secreted by immune cells. While the expression of IL22 was reported in normal non-pregnant endometrium and early pregnancy decidua, little is known about uterine IL22 expression during mid- or late gestational stages of pregnancy...
January 5, 2018: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305780/corticosteroid-injection-for-an-orthopedic-complaint-in-a-female-with-gestational-diabetes
#6
Palee Myrex, Lorie Harper, Sara Gould
A female with gestational diabetes presented with hip pain characteristic of meralgia paresthetica and trochanteric bursitis. She had similar episodes prior to pregnancy that were treated successfully with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and corticosteroid injections. However, NSAID use during pregnancy poses risks to the fetus and corticosteroids carry a risk of hyperglycemia, especially in those with diabetes. Unfortunately, all attempts made to treat her conservatively failed to improve her symptoms...
January 5, 2018: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305255/comparative-analysis-of-gene-expression-in-maternal-peripheral-blood-and-monocytes-during-spontaneous-preterm-labor
#7
Alison G Paquette, Oksana Shynlova, Mark Kibschull, Nathan D Price, Stephen J Lye
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is the leading cause of newborn death worldwide, and is associated with significant cognitive and physiological challenges in later life. There is a pressing need to define the mechanisms that initiate spontaneous preterm labor , and for development of novel clinical biomarkers to identify high-risk pregnancies. Most preterm birth studies utilize fetal tissues, and there is limited understanding of the transcriptional changes that occur in mothers undergoing spontaneous preterm labor...
January 2, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303014/decrease-in-the-incidence-of-threatened-preterm-labor-after-implementation-of-transvaginal-ultrasound-cervical-length-universal-screening
#8
Reshama Navathe, Gabriele Saccone, Michela Villani, Jacquelyn Knapp, Yury Cruz, Rupsa Boelig, Amanda Roman, Vincenzo Berghella
BACKGROUND: It is unknown if universal second-trimester transvaginal ultrasound (TVU) cervical length (CL) screening in asymptomatic women with singleton gestations and no prior spontaneous preterm birth (SPTB) affects the incidence of symptoms of preterm labor (PTL) later in pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence of threatened PTL before and after the implementation of universal second trimester TVU CL screening. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort study of all consecutive singleton gestations without prior SPTB presenting to obstetric triage for threatened PTL between 23 0/7 and 33 6/7 week in 2011 (1 January-31 December), and in 2014 (1 January-31 December) at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital (TJU) (Philadelphia, PA)...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302576/investigating-the-prevalence-of-preterm-birth-in-iranian-population-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Nasibeh Sharifi, Somayyeh Khazaeian, Reza Pakzad, Azita Fathnezhad Kazemi, Hashemmieh Chehreh
Introduction: Despite medical advances, preterm delivery remains a global problem in developed and developing countries. The present study was aimed at conducting a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies on the prevalence of preterm delivery in Iran. Methods: This study was carried out on studies conducted in Iran by searching databases of SID, Magiran, Irandoc, MEDLIB, Iranmedex, PubMed, Web of science, Google Scholar and Scopus. The search was conducted using advanced search and keywords of preterm delivery and equivalents of it in Mesh and their Farsi's Synonymous in all articles from 2000-2016...
December 2017: Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297950/effects-of-vaginal-progesterone-for-maintenance-tocolysis-on-uterine-electrical-activity
#10
Miha Lucovnik, Andreja Trojner Bregar, Lea Bombac, Ksenija Gersak, Robert E Garfield
AIM: The effectiveness of vaginal progesterone for maintenance tocolysis after arrested preterm labor remains controversial. Myometrial contractility can be assessed objectively and non-invasively after progesterone treatment by monitoring uterine electromyography (EMG). We examined the effects of vaginal progesterone on uterine EMG after successful acute tocolysis. METHODS: This was a randomized, double-blind, single-center study performed between 2012 and 2015...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297659/fetal-fibronectin-testing-and-pregnancy-outcomes-among-texas-medicaid-patients-at-risk-for-preterm-birth
#11
Jamie C Barner, Allison A Petrilla, Hyeun Ah Kang, Xian Shen, Ahmed M Alshehri, Erin M Sullivan, Kathleen A Troeger, Kristin M Richards, Sean C Blackwell
OBJECTIVES: Fetal fibronectin (fFN) testing between the 24th and 34th weeks of pregnancy in patients with symptomatic preterm labor (PTL) helps assess the risk of spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB), yet the extent of its use is unknown. We assessed use of fFN testing among Texas Medicaid enrollees with symptomatic PTL and evaluated time to infant delivery and healthcare utilization/costs. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study using medical and pharmacy claims for Texas Medicaid enrollees...
December 2017: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297658/current-perspectives-on-the-use-of-fetal-fibronectin-testing-in-preterm-labor-diagnosis-and-management
#12
Michael S Ruma, Katie C Bittner, Clara B Soh
One in 10 infants in the United States is delivered preterm (ie, before the 37th week of pregnancy), contributing to the significant burden on the national healthcare system. Nevertheless, a lack of agreement continues among obstetric professional societies on guidelines for standardization of the approach to the diagnosis and management of patients with symptoms of preterm labor (PTL). This disparity in consensus has likely resulted in poor identification of women at an increased risk for preterm birth (PTB)...
December 2017: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297362/ethical-challenges-posed-by-clinical-trials-in-preterm-labor-a-case-study
#13
Sofía P Salas
This paper explores the ethical implications of a randomized double-blind clinical trial aimed to determine effectiveness and safety of an oxytocin receptor antagonist versus a betamimetic in the treatment of preterm labor, presented to a teaching hospital affiliated with a private university in Santiago, Chile. Though this trial protocol fulfills one of the conditions under which pregnant women could be enrolled in a clinical trial-the intervention has the potential to benefit the pregnant woman (by reducing adverse effects associated to salbutamol administration) and her fetus (if the new drug prolongs pregnancy)-there are some specific ethical issues raised...
December 14, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284337/evaluation-of-maternal-serum-ischemia-modified-albumin-and-total-antioxidant-status-in-ectopic-pregnancy
#14
Giray Bozkaya, Ibrahim Karaca, Ozge Fenercioglu, Suna Yildirim Karaca, Sibel Bilgili, Nuriye Uzuncan
BACKGROUND: Ectopic pregnancies constitute about 2% of all pregnancies which are the leading cause of pregnancy-related deaths and a considerable cause of maternal morbidity. Oxidative stress can lead to a number of pregnancy related diseases including miscarriage, eclampsia and preterm labor. Ischemia modified albumin (IMA) which reflects the oxidative stress may be used as a marker for ectopic pregnancy. Our aim was to compare the levels of IMA and total antioxidant status (TAS) in ectopic and normal pregnancies and to understand if IMA can be used as a marker to diagnose ectopic pregnancy...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280532/sludge-reflects-intra-amniotic-inflammation-with-or-without-microorganisms
#15
Noriko Yoneda, Satoshi Yoneda, Hideki Niimi, Masami Ito, Kaori Fukuta, Tomohiro Ueno, Mika Ito, Arihiro Shiozaki, Mika Kigawa, Isao Kitajima, Shigeru Saito
PROBLEM: To investigate whether amniotic fluid (AF) "sludge" in patients with preterm labor (PTL) with intact membranes is related to intra-amniotic infection or inflammation. METHOD OF STUDY: 105 PTL patients before 29 weeks' gestation were enrolled. AF "sludge" was evaluated by transvaginal sonography. Microorganisms were identified in AF by our newly established PCR method using a eukaryote-made thermostable DNA polymerase. RESULTS: AF "sludge" was present in 18...
December 27, 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278965/maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-in-triplet-gestations-by-trial-of-labor-versus-planned-cesarean-delivery
#16
Danielle Peress, Annie Dude, Alan Peaceman, Lynn M Yee
OBJECTIVE: To determine the rate of vaginal delivery after vaginal trial of labor (TOL) among women with triplet gestations. STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective cohort study of all women delivering a viable triplet gestation between 2005-16. The primary outcome was rate of vaginal delivery among all women attempting vaginal delivery. Secondary outcomes included factors associated with undergoing triplet TOL and maternal and neonatal complications by planned delivery approach...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275823/is-there-a-role-for-placental-senescence-in-the-genesis-of-obstetric-complications-and-fetal-growth-restriction
#17
REVIEW
Zakia Sultana, Kaushik Maiti, Lee Dedman, Roger Smith
The placenta ages as pregnancy advances, yet its continued function is required for a successful pregnancy outcome. Placental aging is a physiological phenomenon; however, there are some placentas that show signs of aging earlier than others. Premature placental senescence and aging are implicated in a number of adverse pregnancy outcomes, including fetal growth restriction, preeclampsia, spontaneous preterm birth, and intrauterine fetal death. Here we discuss cellular senescence, a state of terminal proliferation arrest, and how senescence is regulated...
December 22, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275238/simultaneous-pregnancy-in-each-uterine-cavity-of-a-double-uterus-in-a-young-nigerian-multipara-who-presented-with-a-retained-second-twin-following-an-unsupervised-preterm-labor-at-home-case-report
#18
Emmanuel Oluchikwu Ani, Emmanuel Ajuluchukwu Ugwa, Aminu Bashir Taiye, Iwasam Elemi Agbor, Ibrahim Shaaibu Suleiman
INTRODUCTION: Simultaneous pregnancy in each uterine cavity of a double uterus is unusual but is a recognized risk factor for preterm labour and other poor obstetrics outcomes. The work has been reported in line with the SCARE criteria. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report an unusual case of simultaneous pregnancy in each uterine cavity of a double uterus in a young African grand multipara who presented with a retained second twin following a preterm labour at home. DISCUSSION: A double or didelphys uterus as reported in the literatures is still uncommon even in Africa...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259042/a-proteomic-profile-of-postpartum-cervical-repair-in-mice
#19
Robert Lee Stanley, Takako Ohashi, Jacob Gordon, Chishimba Nathan Mowa
A timely and complete uterine cervical tissue repair postpartum is of necessity to prevent obstetrical complications, such as cervicitis, ectropion, hemorrhage, repeated miscarriages or abortions and possibly preterm labor and malignancies. We recently characterized the morphological alterations, as well as changes in angiogenic expression profile in a mice uterine cervix during the immediate postpartum period. Here, we build on this previous study using a proteomic analysis to profile postpartum tissue changes in mice cervix during the same period, the first 48 h of postpartum...
January 2018: Journal of Molecular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249255/reduced-expression-of-hydrogen-sulfide-generating-enzymes-down-regulates-15-hydroxyprostaglandin-dehydrogenase-in-chorion%C3%A2-during%C3%A2-term-and-preterm-labor
#20
Qianqian Sun, Zixi Chen, Ping He, Yuan Li, Xiaoying Ding, Ying Huang, Hang Gu, Xin Ni
Chorionic NAD-dependent 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (PGDH) plays a pivotal role in controlling the amount of prostaglandins in the uterus and has been implicated in the process of labor. Prior studies identified hydrogen sulfide-generating enzymes cystathionine-β-synthetase (CBS) and cystathionine-γ-lyase (CSE) in fetal membranes. We investigated whether hydrogen sulfide is involved in the regulation of PGDH expression in the chorion during labor. The chorionic tissues were obtained from pregnant women at preterm in labor and at term in labor or not in labor at term...
January 2018: American Journal of Pathology
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