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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137553/relationship-between-pregnancy-complications-and-psychiatric-disorders-a-population-based-study-with-a-matched-control-group
#1
Christina D Kang-Yi, Sara L Kornfield, C Neill Epperson, David S Mandell
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to identify whether pregnancy complications differ between women with and without a psychiatric disorder diagnosis prior to pregnancy. METHODS: Women who gave birth between 2007 and 2009 in Pennsylvania and were enrolled in Medicaid from one year prior to their pregnancy until their delivery were included (N=9,930); those with psychiatric disorders were compared with a matched control group (N=4,965 for each). Logistic regression analysis estimated the odds of having a pregnancy complication among those with a psychiatric diagnosis prior to pregnancy, adjusting for demographic characteristics and chronic general medical conditions...
November 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135075/the-role-of-body-mind-and-environment-in-preterm-birth-mind-the-gap
#2
REVIEW
Shelby Yamamoto, Shahirose Premji
Preterm birth continues to be a problem affecting low-, middle-, and high-income countries, with rates increasing in some areas despite ongoing efforts to reduce the incidence. This emphasizes the need for more effective interventions, particularly if we aim to achieve the broad health targets of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030. The current focus on medically-oriented interventions such as reducing nonmedically-indicated induction of labor, cesarean birth, and multiple embryo transfers associated with assisted reproductive technologies, as well as the application of cervical cerclage and use of progesterone therapy, though important, are likely only partial solutions to the complex phenomenon of preterm birth...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132297/association-between-%C3%A3-2-adrenergic-receptor-gene-polymorphisms-and-adverse-events-of-ritodrine-in-the-treatment-of-preterm-labor-a-prospective-observational-study
#3
Jee Eun Chung, Soo An Choi, Han Sung Hwang, Jin Young Park, Kyung Eun Lee, Jeong Yee, Young Ju Kim, Hye Sun Gwak
BACKGROUND: Ritodrine, a tocolytic β2-agonist, has been used extensively in Europe and Asia despite its safety concerns. This study was designed to identify associations between β2-adrenergic receptor (ADRB2) polymorphisms and adverse drug events (ADEs) in patients with preterm labor treated with ritodrine. RESULTS: This follow-up study was prospectively conducted at Ewha Womans University Mokdong Hospital in Korea. Five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the ADRB2 gene (rs1042713, rs1042714, rs1042717, rs1042718, and rs1042719) were analyzed in 186 pregnant women with preterm labor...
November 13, 2017: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130646/investigating-the-expression-of-mmps-and-timps-in-preterm-placenta-and-role-of-cpg-methylation-in-regulating-mmp-9-expression
#4
Deepali Sundrani, Ankita Narang, Savita Mehendale, Sadhana Joshi, Preeti Chavan-Gautam
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of MMPs (TIMPs) are crucial to the processes of normal labor and parturition. We have previously reported aberrant protein levels of MMPs in placenta of women delivering preterm as compared to term. In this study, we examine the mRNA levels of MMPs (MMP-1, MMP-2, and MMP-9) and TIMPs (TIMP-1, TIMP-2) in the placenta from women delivering preterm as compared with term and further study the promoter DNA methylation of the MMP-9 gene in a sub-sample of term and preterm placentae...
November 11, 2017: IUBMB Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114962/annual-report-of-the-perinatology-committee-japan-society-of-obstetrics-and-gynecology-2016-overall-report-on-a-comprehensive-retrospective-study-of-obstetric-management-of-preterm-labor-and-preterm-premature-rupture-of-the-membranes
#5
Hiroshi Sameshima, Shigeru Saito, Yoshio Matsuda, Masato Kamitomo, Shintaro Makino, Masanao Ohashi, Emi Kino, Naohiro Kanayama, Satoru Takeda
We conducted a questionnaire survey on the current obstetric management of preterm labor (PL) and preterm premature rupture of the membranes (pPROM). The questionnaire covered approximately a third of all preterm deliveries and nearly half of the preterm deliveries before 32 gestational weeks. The diagnostic criterion for PL was either painful uterine contractions or cervical dilatation. Tocolytic agents were primarily used as long-term maintenance therapy. Intrauterine infection was clinically diagnosed at most responding institutions...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113590/on-the-basis-of-preterm-labor
#6
Maria Rosa Maduro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112664/placental-alpha-microglobulin-1-compared-with-fetal-fibronectin-to-predict-preterm-delivery-in-symptomatic-women
#7
Deborah A Wing, Sina Haeri, Angela C Silber, Cheryl K Roth, Carl P Weiner, Nelson C Echebiri, Albert Franco, Lanissa M Pappas, John D Yeast, Angelle A Brebnor, J Gerald Quirk, Aisling M Murphy, Louise C Laurent, Nancy T Field, Mary E Norton
OBJECTIVE: To compare the rapid bedside test for placental α microglobulin-1 with the instrumented fetal fibronectin test for prediction of imminent spontaneous preterm delivery among women with symptoms of preterm labor. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational study on pregnant women with signs or symptoms suggestive of preterm labor between 24 and 35 weeks of gestation with intact membranes and cervical dilatation less than 3 cm. Participants were prospectively enrolled at 15 U...
November 3, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082792/evaluation-of-late-adolescent-pregnancies-is-late-adolescence-a-risk-factor-for-preterm-labor
#8
Sunullah Soysal, Abdullah Sarioz, Gokce Anik Ilhan, Ali Kocagoz, Aylin Dizi, Ilhan Gursoy, Ipek Celik, Damla Ozmen
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We evaluated effect of late adolescence during pregnancy and its confounding factors on neonatal and maternal results. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study is to evaluate the effect of late adolescence on maternal, perinatal outcomes and preterm labor. METHODS: This retrospective study was carried out on 172 late adolescents and 160 adult women who delivered in a tertiary center. The demographic features, obstetrical and neonatal properties of the patients were analyzed...
October 29, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082789/influence-of-perinatal-inflammation-on-the-neurodevelopmental-outcome-of-premature-infants
#9
Adriano Rodríguez-Trujillo, José Ríos, Martina A Ángeles, David E Posadas, Clara Murillo, Claudia Rueda, Francesc Botet, Jordi Bosch, Andrea Vergara, Eduard Gratacós, Montse Palacio, Teresa Cobo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of perinatal inflammation on neurodevelopmental outcome of premature infants. STUDY DESIGN: From a retrospective cohort study of women with preterm labor with intact membranes or preterm prelabor rupture of membranes with an amniocentesis to rule out intra-amniotic inflammation (IAI) and microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity (MIAC), we evaluated neurodevelopmental outcome of their infants born between 24.0 and 34.0 weeks' gestation...
October 29, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080890/noninvasive-sampling-of-the-intrauterine-environment-in-women-with-preterm-labor-and-intact-membranes
#10
Teresa Cobo, Marian Kacerovsky, Bo Jacobsson
Spontaneous preterm birth has enormous consequences for newborns, children, and families. Intra-amniotic inflammation (IAI) is the leading cause of spontaneous preterm delivery, mainly at earlier gestational ages. Amniocentesis is the only method used to identify IAI in clinical practice. Although it is an invasive procedure with a very low risk of complications, many women and physicians are hesitant about amniocentesis on this indication. This has been an incentive to explore IAI and the intra-amniotic environment through noninvasive techniques, such as sampling cervical mucus, vaginal fluid, or maternal blood...
October 28, 2017: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073889/intra-versus-retroplacental-hematomas-a-retrospective-case-control-study-on-pregnancy-outcomes
#11
Johannes Ott, Philipp Pecnik, Regina Promberger, Sophie Pils, Julia Binder, Kinga M Chalubinski
BACKGROUND: Intrauterine hematomas are a common pregnancy complication. The literature lacks studies about outcomes based on hematoma localization. Thus, we aimed to compare pregnancies complicated by an intraplacental hematoma to cases with a retroplacental hematoma and to a control group. METHODS: In a retrospective case-control study, 32 women with an intraplacental hematoma, 199 women with a retroplacental hematoma, and a control group consisting of 113 age-matched women with no signs of placental abnormalities were included...
October 26, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073805/comparison-of-the-effectiveness-of-a-pamg-1-test-and-standard-clinical-assessment-in-the-prediction-of-preterm-birth-and-reduction-of-unnecessary-hospital-admissions
#12
Ghassan Lotfi, Saima Faraz, Razan Nasir, Sreenisha Somini, Rasha M Abdeldayem, Raghunandini Koratkar, Nadia Alsawalhi, Abeer Ammar
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to first compare the performance of the PAMG-1 biomarker test to that of standard clinical assessment (SCA) for the risk assessment of spontaneous preterm delivery (sPTD) among women with symptoms of preterm labor (PTL) and then calculate the potential impact on unnecessary admission reduction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients of gestational age 24(0/7)-36(6/7) with PTL symptoms, cervical dilatation ≤3 cm, no intercourse within 24 h, and clinically intact membranes were recruited consecutively into this prospective observational study...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073690/fetal-valproate-syndrome-still-a-problem-today
#13
Katharina Wiedemann, Tanja Stüber, Monika Rehn, Eric Frieauff
Introduction Fetal exposition to valproate can lead to a cluster of facial dysmorphism, congenital anomalies and neurodevelopmental retardation. Case Report In this report we describe 2 cases of fetal valproate syndrome. In the first case, the gravida had a valproate medication before and during pregnancy with additional folic acid. She delivered a male premature infant at 25+2 weeks of gestation due to preterm labor and rupture of the membranes. Physical examination showed even in the premature infant typical signs of fetal valproate syndrome with trigonocephaly, epicanthal folds, broad root of the nose, low-set ears, thin upper lip and anteverted nares...
October 2017: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058246/factors-relating-caesarean-section-to-persistent-pulmonary-hypertension-of-the-newborn
#14
REVIEW
Niralee Babooa, Wen-Jing Shi, Chao Chen
BACKGROUND: Several studies have clearly demonstrated a significantly higher incidence of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) in neonates delivered by caesarean section (CS) compared to those delivered vaginally. The pathophysiological factors underlying the link between CS and PPHN are still poorly understood. In this review, we describe the mechanisms that could explain the association between CS delivery and subsequent PPHN, as well as potential preventive measures...
December 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055176/preterm-labor-and-preterm-birth
#15
EDITORIAL
Cihat Sen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 27, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048755/nifedipine-prevents-apoptosis-of-alcohol-exposed-first-trimester-trophoblast-cells
#16
Alan D Bolnick, Jay M Bolnick, Hamid-Reza Kohan-Ghadr, Brian A Kilburn, Michael Hertz, Jing Dai, Sascha Drewlo, D Randall Armant
BACKGROUND: Maternal alcohol abuse leading to fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) includes fetal growth restriction (FGR). Ethanol induces apoptosis of human placental trophoblast cells, possibly disrupting placentation and contributing to FGR in FASD. Ethanol facilitates apoptosis in several embryonic tissues, including human trophoblasts, by raising intracellular Ca(2+) . We previously found that acute ethanol exposure increases trophoblast apoptosis due to signaling from both intracellular and extracellular Ca(2+) ...
October 19, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042802/utilization-of-fetal-fibronectin-testing-and-pregnancy-outcomes-among-women-with-symptoms-of-preterm-labor
#17
Sean C Blackwell, Erin M Sullivan, Allison A Petrilla, Xian Shen, Kathleen A Troeger, James D Byrne
OBJECTIVES: To identify pregnant health plan members triaged through the emergency department (ED), including labor and delivery (ELD) units, with symptoms of preterm labor (PTL), and evaluate the use of fetal fibronectin (fFN) testing; and to calculate the rate of hospitalization and timing of delivery in relation to the ED visit. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study using Medical Outcomes Research for Effectiveness and Economics Registry(®), a national multipayer claims database...
2017: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022924/listeriosis-in-pregnancy-under-diagnosis-despite-over-treatment
#18
Y Fouks, S Amit, A Many, A Haham, D Mandel, S Shinar
OBJECTIVE: To compare the symptomatology of pregnant women with suspected listeriosis to culture confirmed listeriosis. STUDY DESIGN: All cases of suspected and culture confirmed pregnancy-associated listeriosis from a single center were retrospectively reviewed assessing demographics, clinical, laboratory and pathological findings, and maternal, fetal and neonatal outcomes. RESULTS: Listeriosis was identified in seven patients, none of whom belonged to the 117 women with suspected listeriosis...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020827/the-frequency-and-clinical-significance-of-intra-amniotic-inflammation-in-twin-pregnancies-with-preterm-labor-and-intact-membranes
#19
Kyung Joon Oh, Joon-Seok Hong, Roberto Romero, Bo Hyun Yoon
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the frequency and clinical significance of intra-amniotic inflammation in twin pregnancies with preterm labor and intact membranes. STUDY DESIGN: Amniotic fluid (AF) was retrieved from both sacs in 90 twin gestations with preterm labor and intact membranes (gestational age between 20 and 34 6/7 weeks). Preterm labor was defined as the presence of painful regular uterine contractions, with a frequency of at least 2 every 10 min, requiring hospitalization...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020789/-the-role-of-maternal-imunity-and-woman%C3%A2-s-microbiome-in-the-pathogenesis-of-preterm-labor
#20
M Koucký, K Malíčková, J Hrdý, A Černý, H Hrbáčková, P Šimják, A Pařízek
OBJECTIVE: To summarize available data concerning the role of maternal imunity and woman´s microbiome in the pathogenesis of preterm labor and their use in clinical practice. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology od the First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague, and General Teaching Hospital. DESIGN: Review article. METHODS: Compilation od published data from scientific literature. CONCLUSION: Preterm labor complicates approximately 10% of all pregnancies and represents a serious medical, social and economic problem...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
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