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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345227/the-unmeasured-cost-of-preterm-labor-screening-programs
#1
Amarnath Bhide, Ganesh Acharya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344957/predicting-factors-for-success-of-vaginal-delivery-in-preterm-induction-with-prostaglandin-e2
#2
Yoo Min Kim, Ju Young Park, Ji-Hee Sung, Suk-Joo Choi, Soo-Young Oh, Cheong-Rae Roh, Jong-Hwa Kim
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of prostaglandin (PG) E2 for preterm labor induction and to investigate the predictive factors for the success of vaginal delivery. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed in women (n=155) at 24+0 to 36+6 weeks of gestation who underwent induction of labor using a PGE2 vaginal pessary (10 mg, Propess) from January 2009 to December 2015. Success rates of vaginal delivery according to gestational age at induction and incidence of intrapartum complications such as tachysystole and nonreassuring fetal heart rate were investigated...
March 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339114/cervical-length-in-patients-at-risk-for-placenta-accreta
#3
Martha W F Rac, Donald D McIntire, C Edward Wells, Elysia Moschos, Diane D Twickler
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate cervical length measurements in women with placenta accreta compared to women with a nonadherent low-lying placenta or placenta previa and evaluate this relationship in terms of vaginal bleeding, preterm labor, and preterm birth. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study between 1997 and 2011 of gravidas with more than 1 prior cesarean delivery who had a transvaginal ultrasound examination between 24 and 34 weeks for a low-lying placenta or placenta previa...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334569/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-caesarean-section-in-preterm-breech-births-a-population-based-cohort-study
#4
Elsa Lorthe, Mathilde Quere, Loïc Sentilhes, Pierre Delorme, Gilles Kayem
OBJECTIVES: To describe the incidence of breech presentation at 22-34 weeks' gestation, estimate the incidence of cesarean section delivery by cause of prematurity, and assess the factors associated with caesarean delivery in preterm breech births with preterm labor or preterm premature rupture of membranes. STUDY DESIGN: EPIPAGE 2 is a French national prospective population-based cohort study of preterm births that occurred in 546 maternity units in 2011. We estimated the overall incidence of breech presentation and the incidence of cesarean delivery by cause of prematurity...
March 10, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333087/magnetically-bioprinted-human-myometrial-3d-cell-rings-as-a-model-for-uterine-contractility
#5
Glauco R Souza, Hubert Tseng, Jacob A Gage, Arunmani Mani, Pujan Desai, Fransisca Leonard, Angela Liao, Monica Longo, Jerrie S Refuerzo, Biana Godin
Deregulation in uterine contractility can cause common pathological disorders of the female reproductive system, including preterm labor, infertility, inappropriate implantation, and irregular menstrual cycle. A better understanding of human myometrium contractility is essential to designing and testing interventions for these important clinical problems. Robust studies on the physiology of human uterine contractions require in vitro models, utilizing a human source. Importantly, uterine contractility is a three-dimensionally (3D)-coordinated phenomenon and should be studied in a 3D environment...
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322134/reproductive-microbiomes
#6
Michael L Power, Caroline Quaglieri, Jay Schulkin
Almost every part of our body has a coevolved microbial community. The expressed microbial genes comprise the various microbiomes that play important roles in normal physiology and development. The various microbiomes are separate, yet often connected, with the species composition of one affecting others. The female reproductive system microbiomes (eg, vaginal, placental, and mammary/milk) remain less well explored than the gut microbiome although they comprise a large proportion of the female microbial network...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321491/adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-in-healthcare-workers-a-korean-nationwide-population-based-study
#7
Chulyong Park, Mo-Yeol Kang, Dohyung Kim, Jaechan Park, Huisu Eom, Eun-A Kim
PURPOSE: To assess female healthcare workers' pregnancy complications and outcomes including abortion, fetal screening abnormalities, intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR), and preterm labor using nationwide population data and compare these results with those of the general population in Korea. METHODS: Korean National Health Insurance (NHI) claim data was used. We choose 3 different reference groups for comparison: (1) dependents of employees insured by NHI, i...
March 20, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318214/preterm-labor-prevention-and-management
#8
Kristen Rundell, Bethany Panchal
In the United States, preterm delivery is the leading cause of neonatal morbidity and is the most common reason for hospitalization during pregnancy. The rate of preterm delivery (before 37 weeks' gestation) has been declining since 2007. Clinical diagnosis of preterm labor is made if there are regular contractions and concomitant cervical change. Less than 10% of women with a clinical diagnosis of preterm labor will deliver within seven days of initial presentation. Women with a history of spontaneous preterm delivery are 1...
March 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316278/high-risk-obstetrical-call-center-a-model-for-regions-with-limited-access-to-care
#9
Sarah J Rhoads, Hari Eswaran, Christian E Lynch, Songthip T Ounpraseuth, Everett F Magann, Curtis L Lowery
PURPOSE: High-risk obstetrical care can be challenging for women in rural states with limited access. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were evaluated from 62,342 obstetrical calls from pregnant and postpartum patients within rural Arkansas to a nurse call center. Call center nurses provided triage using evidence-based guidelines to patients across the state. Data were extracted and analyzed using retrospective data collection and descriptive statistical methods. RESULTS: Women had an average maternal age of 28 years old, average weeks gestation was 27...
March 19, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287929/beliefs-about-sexual-activity-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#10
Meireluci Costa Ribeiro, Marco de Tubino Scanavino, Maria Luiza Sant'Ana do Amaral, Ana Lúcia de Moraes Horta, Maria Regina Torloni
The aim of this review is to present the beliefs related to sexual activity during pregnancy. We identified 13 studies (3122 participants). The main positive beliefs about sex in pregnancy were that it makes labor easier, promotes marital harmony, prevents infidelity and improves fetal well-being. Negative beliefs were more frequent; they were that sex could harm the unborn child (cause injuries, miscarriage or fetal infection) and endanger the pregnancy or maternal health (cause membrane rupture, bleeding, preterm labor and maternal infection)...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286810/epidemiology-and-related-risk-factors-of-preterm-labor-as-an-obstetrics-emergency
#11
Ali Asghar Halimi Asl, Saeed Safari, Mohsen Parvareshi Hamrah
INTRODUCTION: Preterm birth is still a major health problem throughout the world, which results in 75% of neonatal mortality. Preterm labor not only inflicts financial and emotional distress, it may also lead to permanent disability. The present study was conducted to determine the related risk factors and preventive measures of preterm labor. METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study assessed all preterm labors, as well as an equal number of term labors, during seven years, at an educational hospital...
2017: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285280/effect-of-delayed-cord-clamping-on-hematocrit-and-thermal-and-hemodynamic-stability-in-preterm-neonates-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Niraj Kumar Dipak, Ruchi Nimish Nanavat, Nand Kishore Kabra, Anita Srinivasan, Anitha Ananthan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the short term clinical effects of delayed cord clamping in preterm neonates. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: A tertiary care neonatal unit from October 2013 to September 2014. PARTICIPANTS: 78 mothers with preterm labor between 27 to 316/7 weeks gestation. INTERVENTION: Early cord clamping (10 s), delayed cord clamping (60 s) or delayed cord clamping (60 s) along with intramuscular ergometrine (500 µg) administered to the mother...
February 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278303/clinical-significance-of-histologic-chorioamnionitis-with-a-negative-amniotic-fluid-culture-in-patients-with-preterm-labor-and-premature-membrane-rupture
#13
Jeong Woo Park, Kyo Hoon Park, Eun Young Jung
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of histological chorioamnionitis (HCA) with a negative amniotic fluid (AF) culture on adverse pregnancy and neonatal outcomes and inflammatory status in the AF compartment in women with preterm labor or preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM). METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of 153 women diagnosed as having a preterm labor or PPROM (20-34 weeks) who delivered singleton gestations within 48 hours of amniocentesis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277908/antenatal-depression-among-women-hospitalized-due-to-threatened-preterm-labor-in-a-high-risk-pregnancy-unit-in-greece
#14
Themistoklis Dagklis, Ioannis Tsakiridis, Foteini Chouliara, Apostolos Mamopoulos, David Rousso, Apostolos Athanasiadis, Georgios Papazisis
PURPOSE: Estimates for the prevalence of antenatal depression vary widely across different studies and especially concerning high-risk pregnancies. Threatened preterm labor is the most common indication for antenatal obstetric hospitalization. The aim of this study was to screen for depressive symptoms among pregnant women hospitalized in a high-risk pregnancy unit due to threatened preterm labor and also to investigate possible associated risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 103 pregnant women admitted at > 24 and <36 gestational weeks were eligible to participate in the study...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266156/re-cervical-length-screening-for-prevention-of-preterm-birth-in-singleton-pregnancy-with-threatened-preterm-labor-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials-using-individual-patient-level-data-v-berghella-m-palacio-a-ness-z-alfirevic
#15
COMMENT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264621/high-risk-and-low-risk-human-papilloma-virus-in-association-to-spontaneous-preterm-labor-a-case-control-study-in-a-tertiary-center-egypt
#16
Alaa Mosbah, Rafik Barakat, Yasmin Nabiel, Ghada Barakat
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to detect the correlation between human papillomavirus (HPV) and spontaneous preterm labor in Egyptian women and its association to the human papilloma viral load and MPP2 gene expression. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed an observational comparative case-control study in Department of Obstetric and Gynecology, Mansoura University Hospitals over women presented with spontaneous preterm labor, besides females admitted for giving birth at full term to detect conserved sequence in HPV-L1 gene (GP5/GP6) followed by genotype detection of high- and low-risk HPVs with quantification of the viral load and the MMP2 gene expression using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258032/morbidity-and-mortality-trends-in-very-very-low-birth-weight-premature-infants-in-light-of-recent-changes-in-obstetric-care
#17
Péter Varga, Botond Berecz, Ákos Gasparics, Zsófia Dombi, Zsuzsa Varga, Judit Jeager, Zsófia Magyar, János Rigó, József Gábor Joó, László Kornya
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we describe trends in morbidity and mortality of preterm infants with less than 500mg birth weight in the changing landscape of obstetric and neonatal care. STUDY DESIGN: During a ten year study period between 2006 and 2016 we assessed outcome data for all neonates with less than 500mg birth weight born at our Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. We divided study subjects into two groups based on whether their birth date fell in the first half (2006-2010; n=39) versus the second half (2011-2015; n=27) of the study period comparing clinical outcomes in the two groups...
January 23, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254224/vaginal-birth-after-cesarean-section-the-world-trend-and-local-experience-in-taiwan
#18
Hsiu-Ting Tsai, Chia-Hsun Wu
OBJECTIVE: The trend of increasing cesarean section rates had evoked worldwide attention. Many approaches were introduced to diminish cesarean section rates. Vaginal birth after cesarean section (VBAC) is a route of delivery with diverse agreements. In this study, we try to reveal the world trend in VBAC and our experience of a 10-year period in a medical center in northern Taiwan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study of all women who underwent elective repeat cesarean delivery or trial of labor after cesarean (TOLAC) following primary cesarean delivery by a general obstetrician-gynecologist in the Tamshui Branch of MacKay Memorial Hospital (Taipei, Taiwan) between 2006 and 2015...
February 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251002/pregnancy-outcome-in-cartilage-hair-hypoplasia-a-rare-form-of-dwarfism
#19
Harshithaa Thavarajah, Anne Berndl
Background. This case report discusses the pregnancy outcome of a patient with cartilage-hair hypoplasia, a rare form of dwarfism, and multiple previous orthopedic surgeries. Literature on pregnancy outcomes in patients with cartilage-hair hypoplasia is limited. Case. A 32-year-old patient with cartilage-hair hypoplasia presented at 12 weeks' gestation to the high-risk obstetrics clinic for care. Preterm labor resulted in cesarean delivery at 34 weeks' gestation with general anesthetic. Breastfeeding was stopped at 6 weeks due to neonatal complications...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244707/serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-in-pregnant-women-during-preterm-labor
#20
Nalina Bhupornvivat, Vorapong Phupong
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Pregnancy complications hypothesized to be related to vitamin D include preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, low birth weight, preterm delivery, Cesarean section and infectious disease. There have been a few studies which have demonstrated maternal serum vitamin D to be associated with preterm labor. The objective was to evaluate the serum vitamin D concentrations in Thai pregnant women with and without preterm labor and to find the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency in both groups...
March 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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