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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533760/the-role-of-prosocialness-and-trust-in-the-consumption-of-water-as-a-limited-resource
#1
Esther Cuadrado, Carmen Tabernero, Rocío García, Bárbara Luque, Jan Seibert
This research analyzes the role of prosocialness and trust in the use of water as a limited resource under situations of competition or cooperation. For this purpose, 107 participants played the role of farmers and made decisions about irrigating their fields in the web-based multiplayer game Irrigania. Before the simulation exercise, participants' prosocialness and trust levels were evaluated and they were randomly assigned to an experimental condition (competition or cooperation). Repeated measures analysis, using the 10 fields and the experimental conditions as factors, showed that, in the cooperation condition, farmers and their villages used a less selfish strategy to cultivate their fields, which produced greater benefits...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531232/changes-in-primary-healthcare-providers-attitudes-and-counseling-behaviors-related-to-dietary-sodium-reduction-docstyles-2010-and-2015
#2
Zerleen S Quader, Mary E Cogswell, Jing Fang, Sallyann M Coleman King, Robert K Merritt
High blood pressure is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The 2013 ACC/AHA Lifestyle Management Guideline recommends counseling pre-hypertensive and hypertensive patients to reduce sodium intake. Population sodium reduction efforts have been introduced in recent years, and dietary guidelines continued to emphasize sodium reduction in 2010 and 2015. The objective of this analysis was to determine changes in primary health care providers' sodium-reduction attitudes and counseling between 2010 and 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530006/kindergarten-elementary-school-teachers-and-web-based-oral-health-related-resources-an-exploration
#3
Marita Rohr Inglehart, Gabrielle A Zuzo, Joshua J Wilson
PURPOSE: The percentage of U.S. children with poor oral health continues to be high. Kindergarten/elementary school educators could play an important role in teaching students about oral health promotion. The objectives were to assess which oral health-related web-based resources teachers consider most helpful and how teachers' attitudes, knowledge, and behavioural intentions concerning oral health-related teaching change between before and after having access to a resource website. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Web-based survey data were collected from 95 kindergarten/elementary school educators before and after they accessed a website with oral health-related information for teachers (web-link: http://media...
May 19, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529712/looking-into-pandora-s-box-the-content-of-sci-hub-and-its-usage
#4
Bastian Greshake
Despite the growth of Open Access, potentially illegally circumventing paywalls to access scholarly publications is becoming a more mainstream phenomenon. The web service Sci-Hub is amongst the biggest facilitators of this, offering free access to around 62 million publications. So far it is not well studied how and why its users are accessing publications through Sci-Hub. By utilizing the recently released corpus of Sci-Hub and comparing it to the data of  ~28 million downloads done through the service, this study tries to address some of these questions...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529082/rice-expression-database-red-an-integrated-rna-seq-derived-gene-expression-database-for-rice
#5
Lin Xia, Dong Zou, Jian Sang, Xingjian Xu, Hongyan Yin, Mengwei Li, Shuangyang Wu, Songnian Hu, Lili Hao, Zhang Zhang
Rice is one of the most important stable food as well as a monocotyledonous model organism for the plant research community. Here, we present RED (Rice Expression Database; http://expression.ic4r.org), an integrated database of rice gene expression profiles derived entirely from RNA-Seq data. RED features a comprehensive collection of 284 high-quality RNA-Seq experiments, integrates a large number of gene expression profiles and covers a wide range of rice growth stages as well as various treatments. Based on massive expression profiles, RED provides a list of housekeeping and tissue-specific genes and dynamically constructs co-expression networks for gene(s) of interest...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Genetics and Genomics, Yi Chuan Xue Bao
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529078/hcsgd-an-integrated-database-of-human-cellular-senescence-genes
#6
Qiongye Dong, Hongqing Han, Xuehui Liu, Lei Wei, Wei Zhang, Zhen Zhao, Michael Q Zhang, Xiaowo Wang
Cellular senescence is an irreversible cell cycle arrest program in response to various exogenous and endogenous stimuli like telomere dysfunction and DNA damage. It has been widely accepted as an anti-tumor program and is also found closely related to embryo development, tissue repair, organismal aging and age-related degenerative diseases. In the past decades, numerous efforts have been made to uncover the gene regulatory mechanisms of cellular senescence. There is a strong demand to integrate these data from various resources into one open platform...
April 29, 2017: Journal of Genetics and Genomics, Yi Chuan Xue Bao
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524117/ebutterfly-leveraging-massive-online-citizen-science-for-butterfly-consevation
#7
Kathleen L Prudic, Kent P McFarland, Jeffrey C Oliver, Rebecca A Hutchinson, Elizabeth C Long, Jeremy T Kerr, Maxim Larrivée
Data collection, storage, analysis, visualization, and dissemination are changing rapidly due to advances in new technologies driven by computer science and universal access to the internet. These technologies and web connections place human observers front and center in citizen science-driven research and are critical in generating new discoveries and innovation in such fields as astronomy, biodiversity, and meteorology. Research projects utilizing a citizen science approach address scientific problems at regional, continental, and even global scales otherwise impossible for a single lab or even a small collection of academic researchers...
May 18, 2017: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522612/genomevip-a-cloud-platform-for-genomic-variant-discovery-and-interpretation
#8
Robert J Mashl, Adam D Scott, Kuan-Lin Huang, Matthew A Wyczalkowski, Christopher J Yoon, Beifang Niu, Erin DeNardo, Venkata D Yellapantula, Robert E Handsaker, Ken Chen, Daniel C Koboldt, Kai Ye, David Fenyö, Benjamin Raphael, Michael C Wendl, Li Ding
Identifying genomic variants is a fundamental first step towards the understanding of the role of inherited and acquired variations in disease. The accelerating growth in the corpus of sequencing data that underpins such analysis is making the data-download bottleneck more evident, placing substantial burdens on the research community to keep pace. As a result, the search for alternative approaches to the traditional 'download and analyze' paradigm on local computing resources has led to a rapidly growing demand for cloud-computing solutions for genomics analysis...
May 18, 2017: Genome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521733/nfpscanner-a-webtool-for-knowledge-based-deciphering-of-biomedical-networks
#9
Wenjian Xu, Yang Cao, Ziwei Xie, Haochen He, Song He, Hao Hong, Xiaochen Bo, Fei Li
BACKGROUND: Many biological pathways have been created to represent different types of knowledge, such as genetic interactions, metabolic reactions, and gene-regulating and physical-binding relationships. Biologists are using a wide range of omics data to elaborately construct various context-specific differential molecular networks. However, they cannot easily gain insight into unfamiliar gene networks with the tools that are currently available for pathways resource and network analysis...
May 18, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521385/-ziziphus-oxyphylla-ethnobotanical-ethnopharmacological-and-phytochemical-review
#10
REVIEW
Rizwan Ahmad, Niyaz Ahmad, Atta Abbas Naqvi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ziziphus oxyphylla (ZO) is distributed mainly in tropic and warm temperate regions in the world. Pakistan owns six (06) indigenous species of genus Ziziphus out of which ZO is widely used for traditional treatment of different ailments such as diabetes, jaundice and liver diseases. AIM OF THE STUDY: The present review aims to provide in-depth and comprehensive literature overview, regarding botanical, chemical and biological characteristics of the plant alongwith phytochemical isolation and mechanistic studies to support its folklore and traditional uses...
May 14, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521065/eelab-an-innovative-educational-resource-in-occupational-medicine
#11
A Y Zhou, J Dodman, L Hussey, D Sen, C Rayner, N Zarin, R Agius
Background: Postgraduate education, training and clinical governance in occupational medicine (OM) require easily accessible yet rigorous, research and evidence-based tools based on actual clinical practice. Aims: To develop and evaluate an online resource helping physicians develop their OM skills using their own cases of work-related ill-health (WRIH). Methods: WRIH data reported by general practitioners (GPs) to The Health and Occupation Research (THOR) network were used to identify common OM clinical problems, their reported causes and management...
May 17, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520987/proteosign-an-end-user-online-differential-proteomics-statistical-analysis-platform
#12
Georgios Efstathiou, Andreas N Antonakis, Georgios A Pavlopoulos, Theodosios Theodosiou, Peter Divanach, David C Trudgian, Benjamin Thomas, Nikolas Papanikolaou, Michalis Aivaliotis, Oreste Acuto, Ioannis Iliopoulos
Profiling of proteome dynamics is crucial for understanding cellular behavior in response to intrinsic and extrinsic stimuli and maintenance of homeostasis. Over the last 20 years, mass spectrometry (MS) has emerged as the most powerful tool for large-scale identification and characterization of proteins. Bottom-up proteomics, the most common MS-based proteomics approach, has always been challenging in terms of data management, processing, analysis and visualization, with modern instruments capable of producing several gigabytes of data out of a single experiment...
May 17, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520864/from-chromatogram-to-analyte-to-metabolite-how-to-pick-horses-for-courses-from-the-massive-web-resources-for-mass-spectral-plant-metabolomics
#13
Leonardo Perez de Souza, Thomas Naake, Takayuki Tohge, Alisdair R Fernie
The grand challenge currently facing metabolomics is the expansion of the coverage of the metabolome from a minor percentage of the metabolic complement of the cell towards the level of coverage afforded by other post-genomic technologies such as transcriptomics and proteomics. In plants this problem is exacerbated by the sheer diversity of chemicals that constitute the metabolome with the number of metabolites in the plant kingdom generally being considered to be in excess of 200 000. In this review we focus on web-resources that can be exploited in order to improve analyte and ultimately metabolite identification and quantification...
May 17, 2017: GigaScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520635/decreasing-disparities-in-child-development-assessment-identifying-and-discussing-possible-delays-in-the-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-wic
#14
Katharine E Zuckerman, Alison E Chavez, Julie A Reeder
OBJECTIVE: To assess how staff at the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) address potential developmental delays and parent developmental concerns in children <5 years. METHODS: A Web-based survey of Oregon WIC staff in nonadministrative roles assessed staff interactions with parents regarding concerning child development/behavior, perceptions of connectedness with local developmental resources, and knowledge of typical child development...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518041/stockpiling-ventilators-for-influenza-pandemics
#15
Hsin-Chan Huang, Ozgur M Araz, David P Morton, Gregory P Johnson, Paul Damien, Bruce Clements, Lauren Ancel Meyers
In preparing for influenza pandemics, public health agencies stockpile critical medical resources. Determining appropriate quantities and locations for such resources can be challenging, given the considerable uncertainty in the timing and severity of future pandemics. We introduce a method for optimizing stockpiles of mechanical ventilators, which are critical for treating hospitalized influenza patients in respiratory failure. As a case study, we consider the US state of Texas during mild, moderate, and severe pandemics...
June 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515699/active-involvement-of-end-users-when-developing-web-based-mental-health-interventions
#16
Derek de Beurs, Inge van Bruinessen, Janneke Noordman, Roland Friele, Sandra van Dulmen
BACKGROUND: Although many web-based mental health interventions are being released, the actual uptake by end users is limited. The marginal level of engagement of end users when developing these interventions is recognized as an important cause for uptake problems. In this paper, we offer our perceptive on how to improve user engagement. By doing so, we aim to stimulate a discourse on user involvement within the field of online mental health interventions. METHODS: We shortly describe three different methods (the expert-driven method, intervention mapping, and scrum) that were currently used to develop web-based health interventions...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513284/best-practices-for-population-genetic-analyses
#17
Niklaus J Grünwald, Sydney Everhart, Brian J Knaus, Zhian N Kamvar
Population genetic analysis is a powerful tool to understand how pathogens emerge and adapt. However, determining the genetic structure of populations requires complex knowledge on a range of subtle skills that are often not explicitly stated in book chapters or review articles on population genetics. What is a good sampling strategy? How many isolates should I sample? How do I include positive and negative controls in my molecular assays? What marker system should I use? This review will attempt to address many of these practical questions that are often not readily answered from reading books or reviews on the topic, but emerge from discussions with colleagues and from practical experience...
May 17, 2017: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512986/work-climate-and-the-mediating-role-of-workplace-bullying-related-to-job-performance-job-satisfaction-and-work-ability-a-study-among-hospital-nurses
#18
Espen Olsen, Gunhild Bjaalid, Aslaug Mikkelsen
AIM: To increase understanding of workplace bullying and its relation to work climate and different outcomes among nurses. Examine a proposed bullying model including both job resource and job demands, as well as nurse outcomes reflected in job performance, job satisfaction, and work ability. BACKGROUND: Workplace bullying has been identified as some of the most damaging mechanisms in workplace settings. It is important to increase understanding of workplace bullying in relation to work climate and different outcomes among nurses...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511646/emergence-of-microbial-diversity-due-to-cross-feeding-interactions-in-a-spatial-model-of-gut-microbial-metabolism
#19
Milan J A van Hoek, Roeland M H Merks
BACKGROUND: The human gut contains approximately 10(14) bacteria, belonging to hundreds of different species. Together, these microbial species form a complex food web that can break down nutrient sources that our own digestive enzymes cannot handle, including complex polysaccharides, producing short chain fatty acids and additional metabolites, e.g., vitamin K. Microbial diversity is important for colonic health: Changes in the composition of the microbiota have been associated with inflammatory bowel disease, diabetes, obesity and Crohn's disease, and make the microbiota more vulnerable to infestation by harmful species, e...
May 16, 2017: BMC Systems Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509912/a-resource-on-latitudinal-and-altitudinal-clines-of-ecologically-relevant-phenotypes-of-the-indian-drosophila
#20
Subhash Rajpurohit, Xiaqing Zhao, Paul S Schmidt
The unique geography of the Indian subcontinent has provided diverse natural environments for a variety of organisms. In this region, many ecological indices such as temperature and humidity vary predictably as a function of both latitude and altitude; these environmental parameters significantly affect fundamental dynamics of natural populations. Indian drosophilids are diverse in their geographic distribution and climate tolerance, possibly as a result of climatic adaptation. These associations with environmental parameters are further reflected in a large number of clines that have been reported for various fitness traits along these geographical ranges...
May 16, 2017: Scientific Data
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