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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437376/organizational-issues-structure-and-processes-of-care-in-257-icus-in-latin-america-a-study-from-the-latin-america-intensive-care-network
#1
Elisa Estenssoro, Leyla Alegría, Gastón Murias, Gilberto Friedman, Ricardo Castro, Nicolas Nin Vaeza, Cecilia Loudet, Alejandro Bruhn, Manuel Jibaja, Gustavo Ospina-Tascon, Fernando Ríos, Flavia R Machado, Alexandre Biasi Cavalcanti, Arnaldo Dubin, F Javier Hurtado, Arturo Briva, Carlos Romero, Guillermo Bugedo, Jan Bakker, Maurizio Cecconi, Luciano Azevedo, Glenn Hernandez
OBJECTIVE: Latin America bears an important burden of critical care disease, yet the information about it is scarce. Our objective was to describe structure, organization, processes of care, and research activities in Latin-American ICUs. DESIGN: Web-based survey submitted to ICU directors. SETTINGS: ICUs located in nine Latin-American countries. SUBJECTS: Individual ICUs. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Two hundred fifty-seven of 498 (52%) of submitted surveys responded: 51% from Brazil, 17% Chile, 13% Argentina, 6% Ecuador, 5% Uruguay, 3% Colombia, and 5% between Mexico, Peru, and Paraguay...
April 21, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437217/fleeing-the-ivory-tower-gender-differences-in-the-turnover-experiences-of-women-faculty
#2
Larry R Martinez, Katharine R O'Brien, Michelle R Hebl
PURPOSE: Prior research has established that women and men faculty have different experiences in their professional and personal lives and that academic turnover can be costly and disruptive to home institutions. However, relatively little research has examined gender differences in the antecedent events that contributed to faculty members' voluntary turnover decisions. This study aims to fill this gap. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Qualitative and quantitative data were obtained in two ways: by directly contacting faculty members who had voluntarily left their positions through the human resource departments at six institutions and through more wide-scale snowball sampling...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430854/dynamic-modeling-and-network-approaches-for-omics-time-course-data-overview-of-computational-approaches-and-applications
#3
Yulan Liang, Arpad Kelemen
Inferring networks and dynamics of genes, proteins, cells and other biological entities from high-throughput biological omics data is a central and challenging issue in computational and systems biology. This is essential for understanding the complexity of human health, disease susceptibility and pathogenesis for Predictive, Preventive, Personalized and Participatory (P4) system and precision medicine. The delineation of the possible interactions of all genes/proteins in a genome/proteome is a task for which conventional experimental techniques are ill suited...
April 18, 2017: Briefings in Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430137/parent-partner-co-parent-or-partnership-the-need-for-clarity-as-family-systems-thinking-takes-hold-in-the-quest-to-motivate-behavioural-change
#4
Chris May, Li Kheng Chai, Tracy Burrows
Research is increasingly pointing to the importance of extending the focus of childhood obesity intervention to include fathers, fathering figures, and other members of a child's primary parenting network. Advances in communication technology are now making it possible to achieve this aim, within current resources, using modalities such text messaging, web-based resources and apps that extend intervention to parents not in attendance at face to face interactions. However, published research is often unclear as to which parent/s they targeted or engaged with, whether interventions planned to influence behaviours and capabilities across family systems, and how this can be achieved...
April 21, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427697/health-care-disparities-stemming-from-sexual-orientation-of-italian-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-cross-sectional-web-based-study
#5
Luigi Lavorgna, Marcello Moccia, Antonio Russo, Raffaele Palladino, Lucia Riccio, Roberta Lanzillo, Vincenzo Brescia Morra, Gioacchino Tedeschi, Simona Bonavita
Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) patients might experience unique difficulties and barriers to treatment of chronic diseases related to their sexual orientation. Thus, we investigated concerns experienced by LGBT patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). We conducted a web-based survey using a multi-choice questionnaire published in an Italian social-network (www.smsocialnetwork.com) for MS patients. The survey investigated: socio-demographic factors, lifestyle habits, MS-related health status and LGBT specific issues (e...
April 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425904/-testing-is-healthy-timeplay-campaign-evaluation-of-sexual-health-promotion-gamification-intervention-targeting-young-adults
#6
Qinya Zhang, Kim J Huhn, Andy Tan, Rachel E Douglas, Helen Guiyun Li, Michelle Murti, Victoria Lee
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were to 1) describe the implementation of the "Testing is Healthy" campaign in four locations in British Columbia (BC) and 2) report process evaluation indicators for the campaign. PARTICIPANTS: Young adults ages 20-29 years, the age group with the highest reported rates of chlamydia and gonorrhea in BC. SETTINGS: Movie theatres located in Langley, Burnaby, Coquitlam and Surrey, which are communities served by the Fraser Health Authority (FHA) in BC...
April 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424551/interprofessional-education-for-internationally-educated-health-professionals-an-environmental-scan
#7
REVIEW
Mubashir Arain, Esther Suter, Sara Mallinson, Shelanne L Hepp, Siegrid Deutschlander, Shyama Dilani Nanayakkara, Elizabeth Louise Harrison, Grace Mickelson, Lesley Bainbridge, Ruby E Grymonpre
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this environmental scan was to identify Western Canadian interprofessional education (IPE) resources that currently exist for internationally educated health professionals (IEHPs). METHODOLOGY: A web-based search was conducted to identify learning resources meeting defined inclusion criteria with a particular focus on the resources available in the Western Canadian provinces. Information was extracted using a standardized template, and we contacted IEHP programs for additional information if necessary...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423841/towards-an-open-infrastructure-for-relating-scholarly-assets
#8
Christopher Munro, Philip Couch, Jon Johnson, John Ainsworth, Iain Buchan
Discovery of useful relationships between scholarly assets on the web is challenging, both in terms generating the right metadata around the assets, and in connecting all relevant digital entities in chain of provenance accessible to the whole community. This paper reports the development of a framework and tools enabling scholarly asset relationships to be expressed in a standard and open way, illustrated with use-cases of discovering new knowledge across cohort studies. The framework uses Research Objects for aggregation, distributed databases for storage, and distributed ledgers for provenance...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423769/linked-data-applications-through-ontology-based-data-access-in-clinical-research
#9
Ann-Kristin Kock-Schoppenhauer, Christian Kamann, Hannes Ulrich, Petra Duhm-Harbeck, Josef Ingenerf
Clinical care and research data are widely dispersed in isolated systems based on heterogeneous data models. Biomedicine predominantly makes use of connected datasets based on the Semantic Web paradigm. Initiatives like Bio2RDF created Resource Description Framework (RDF) versions of Omics resources, enabling sophisticated Linked Data applications. In contrast, electronic healthcare records (EHR) data are generated and processed in diverse clinical subsystems within hospital information systems (HIS). Usually, each of them utilizes a relational database system with a different proprietary schema...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423407/randomized-trial-comparing-a-web-mediated-follow-up-with-routine-surveillance-in-lung-cancer-patients
#10
Fabrice Denis, Claire Lethrosne, Nicolas Pourel, Olivier Molinier, Yoann Pointreau, Julien Domont, Hugues Bourgeois, Hélène Senellart, Pierre Trémolières, Thibaut Lizée, Jaafar Bennouna, Thierry Urban, Claude El Khouri, Alexandre Charron, Anne-Lise Septans, Magali Balavoine, Sébastien Landry, Philippe Solal-Céligny, Christophe Letellier
Background: The use of web-based monitoring for lung cancer patients is growing in interest because of promising recent results suggesting improvement in cancer and resource utilization outcomes. It remains an open question whether the overall survival (OS) in these patients could be improved by using a web-mediated follow-up rather than classical scheduled follow-up and imaging. Methods: Advanced-stage lung cancer patients without evidence of disease progression after or during initial treatment were randomly assigned in a multicenter phase III trial to compare a web-mediated follow-up algorithm (experimental arm), based on weekly self-scored patient symptoms, with routine follow-up with CT scans scheduled every three to six months according to the disease stage (control arm)...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422077/economic-burden-of-obesity-a-systematic-literature-review
#11
REVIEW
Maximilian Tremmel, Ulf-G Gerdtham, Peter M Nilsson, Sanjib Saha
Background: The rising prevalence of obesity represents an important public health issue. An assessment of its costs may be useful in providing recommendations for policy and decision makers. This systematic review aimed to assess the economic burden of obesity and to identify, measure and describe the different obesity-related diseases included in the selected studies. Methods: A systematic literature search of studies in the English language was carried out in Medline (PubMed) and Web of Science databases to select cost-of-illness studies calculating the cost of obesity in a study population aged ≥18 years with obesity, as defined by a body mass index of ≥30 kg/m², for the whole selected country...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421476/academic-productivity-in-psychiatry-benchmarks-for-the-h-index
#12
Frank P MacMaster, Rose Swansburg, Katherine Rittenbach
OBJECTIVE: Bibliometrics play an increasingly critical role in the assessment of faculty for promotion and merit increases. Bibliometrics is the statistical analysis of publications, aimed at evaluating their impact. The objective of this study is to describe h-index and citation benchmarks in academic psychiatry. METHODS: Faculty lists were acquired from online resources for all academic departments of psychiatry listed as having residency training programs in Canada (as of June 2016)...
April 18, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420690/identification-of-protein-features-encoded-by-alternative-exons-using-exon-ontology
#13
Léon-Charles Tranchevent, Fabien Aubé, Louis Dulaurier, Clara Benoit-Pilven, Amandine Rey, Arnaud Poret, Emilie Chautard, Hussein Mortada, François-Olivier Desmet, Fatima Zahra Chakrama, Maira Alejandra Moreno-Garcia, Evelyne Goillot, Stéphane Janczarski, Franck Mortreux, Cyril F Bourgeois, Didier Auboeuf
Transcriptomic genome-wide analyses demonstrate massive variation of alternative splicing in many physiological and pathological situations. One major challenge is now to establish the biological contribution of alternative splicing variation in physiological- or pathological-associated cellular phenotypes. Toward this end, we developed a computational approach, named Exon Ontology, based on terms corresponding to well-characterized protein features organized in an ontology tree. Exon Ontology is conceptually similar to Gene Ontology-based approaches but focuses on exon-encoded protein features instead of gene level functional annotations...
April 18, 2017: Genome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419807/otolaryngology-residency-program-research-resources-and-scholarly-productivity
#14
Jennifer A Villwock, Chelsea S Hamill, Brian D Nicholas, Jesse T Ryan
Objective To delineate research resources available to otolaryngology residents and their impact on scholarly productivity. Study Design Survey of current otolaryngology program directors. Setting Otolaryngology residency programs. Subjects and Methods An anonymous web-based survey was sent to 98 allopathic otolaryngology training program directors. Fisher exact tests and nonparametric correlations were used to determine statistically significant differences among various strata of programs. Results Thirty-nine percent (n = 38) of queried programs responded...
April 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419324/improving-data-workflow-systems-with-cloud-services-and-use-of-open-data-for-bioinformatics-research
#15
Md Rezaul Karim, Audrey Michel, Achille Zappa, Pavel Baranov, Ratnesh Sahay, Dietrich Rebholz-Schuhmann
Data workflow systems (DWFSs) enable bioinformatics researchers to combine components for data access and data analytics, and to share the final data analytics approach with their collaborators. Increasingly, such systems have to cope with large-scale data, such as full genomes (about 200 GB each), public fact repositories (about 100 TB of data) and 3D imaging data at even larger scales. As moving the data becomes cumbersome, the DWFS needs to embed its processes into a cloud infrastructure, where the data are already hosted...
April 16, 2017: Briefings in Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418265/global-health-resource-utilization-associated-with-pacemaker-complications
#16
Catherine Waweru, Anna Steenrod, Claudia Wolff, Simon Eggington, David Jay Wright, Kathleen W Wyrwich
AIM: To estimate health resource utilization (HRU) associated with the management of pacemaker complications in various healthcare systems. METHODS: Electrophysiologists (EPs) from four geographical regions (Western Europe, Australia, Japan, and North America) were invited to participate. Survey questions focused on HRU in the management of three chronic pacemaker complications (i.e., pacemaker infections requiring extraction, lead fractures/insulation breaches requiring replacement, and upper extremity deep venous thrombosis [DVT])...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417316/a-web-resource-for-levodopa-induced-dyskinesia-genetics-in-parkinson-s-disease
#17
Hagen Blankenburg, Marika Falla, Christine Schwienbacher, Giovanni Fabbrini, Alfredo Berardelli, Peter P Pramstaller, Francisco S Domingues
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2017: Neuroinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415074/navicom-a-web-application-to-create-interactive-molecular-network-portraits-using-multi-level-omics-data
#18
Mathurin Dorel, Eric Viara, Emmanuel Barillot, Andrei Zinovyev, Inna Kuperstein
Human diseases such as cancer are routinely characterized by high-throughput molecular technologies, and multi-level omics data are accumulated in public databases at increasing rate. Retrieval and visualization of these data in the context of molecular network maps can provide insights into the pattern of regulation of molecular functions reflected by an omics profile. In order to make this task easy, we developed NaviCom, a Python package and web platform for visualization of multi-level omics data on top of biological network maps...
January 1, 2017: Database: the Journal of Biological Databases and Curation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412315/reporting-compliance-of-stroke-trials-cross-sectional-analysis
#19
Konark Malhotra, Appaji Rayi, Monica Khunger, Stephanie Thompson, David S Liebeskind
BACKGROUND: The FDA mandates timely reporting of all clinical trials conducted in the United States. However, often the results are not reported in a timely manner, resulting in wastage of finite resources. We assessed the reporting of results of completed stroke trials and compared the reporting trends between U.S. and non-U.S. stroke trials. METHODS: We assessed consecutive clinical stroke trials registered as completed in ClinicalTrials.gov between January 1, 2008 and January 1, 2015...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410187/comparing-web-based-provider-initiated-and-patient-initiated-survivorship-care-planning-for-cancer-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Katherine Clegg Smith, Elliott Tolbert, Susan M Hannum, Archana Radhakrishnan, Kelsey Zorn, Amanda Blackford, Stephen Greco, Karen Smith, Claire F Snyder
BACKGROUND: Survivorship care plans (SCPs) are intended to facilitate communication and coordination between patients, oncologists, and primary care providers. Most SCP initiatives have focused on oncology providers initiating the SCP process, but time and resource barriers have limited uptake. OBJECTIVE: This trial compares the feasibility and value of 2 Web-based SCP tools: provider-initiated versus patient-initiated. METHODS: This mixed-methods study recruited clinicians from 2 academically-affiliated community oncology practices...
August 30, 2016: JMIR Cancer
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