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Hip fracture mortality

Sheriff D Akinleye, Garret Garofolo, Maya Deza Culbertson, Peter Homel, Orry Erez
Introduction: Obesity is an oft-cited cause of surgical morbidity and many institutions require extensive supplementary screening for obese patients prior to surgical intervention. However, in the elderly patients, obesity has been described as a protective factor. This article set out to examine the effect of body mass index (BMI) on outcomes and morbidity after hip fracture surgery. Methods: The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was queried for all patients undergoing 1 of 4 surgical procedures to manage hip fracture between 2008 and 2012...
2018: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
L Guirant, F Carlos, D Curiel, J A Kanis, F Borgström, A Svedbom, P Clark
We investigated changes in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) due to hip fracture in Mexican adults aged ≥ 50 years during the first year post-fracture. Mean accumulated loss was 0.27 quality-adjusted life years (QALYs). HRQoL before fracture was the main contributor to explain the loss of QALYs. INTRODUCTION: We aimed to estimate the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) loss over 1 year in patients sustaining a hip fracture in Mexico. METHODS: Individuals aged ≥ 50 years old with diagnosis of a low-energy-induced hip fracture enrolled in the International Costs and Utilities Related to Osteoporotic Fractures Study (ICUROS) composed the study population...
February 20, 2018: Osteoporosis International
B W Kuiper, S Graybill, J M Tate, N Kaufman, D Bersabe
Osteoporotic hip fractures can be life changing and can increase mortality. Treatment of osteoporosis following hip fracture is often delayed. We began offering osteoporosis medication during hospitalization for hip fracture, dramatically increasing the number of patients meeting standard of care. INTRODUCTION: Osteoporotic hip fracture is a debilitating condition with major morbidity and mortality implications. Osteoporosis medication given within 90 days of hip fracture improves mortality and reduces risk of future fractures...
February 20, 2018: Osteoporosis International
I-Lin Hsu, Chia-Ming Chang, Deng-Chi Yang, Ya-Hui Chang, Chia-Chun Li, Susan C Hu, Chung-Yi Li
Hip fracture commonly results in considerable consequences in terms of disability, mortality, long-term institutional care and cost. Taiwan launched its universal health insurance coverage in 1995, which largely removes financial barriers to health care. This study aims to investigate whether socioeconomic inequality in one-year mortality exists among Taiwanese elderly people. This population-based cohort study included 193,158 elderly patients (≥65 years) admitted for hip fracture between 2000 and 2012. With over a one-year follow-up, 10...
February 16, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Chunyuan Qiu, Priscilla H Chan, Gary L Zohman, Heather A Prentice, Jessica J Hunt, Diana C LaPlace, Vu T Nguyen, Glenn R Diekmann, Gregory B Maletis, Vimal Desai
OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of anesthesia type on in-hospital mortality and morbidity for geriatric fragility hip fracture surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Integrates health care delivery system across 38 facilities in the United States. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: We identified 16,695 patients 65 years of age and older who underwent emergent hip fracture repairs between 2009 and 2014 through the Kaiser Permanente hip fracture registry and excluded pathologic or bilateral fractures...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Cheng Peng, Xiao-Wei Wang, Shao-Guang Li, Zhi Liu, Tian-Sheng Sun, Jian-Zheng Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of site of fracture on the prognosis for patients of elderly hip fracture. METHODS: From January 2012 to December 2014, 667 patients with hip fractures were divided into femoral neck fracture group and intertrochanteric fracture group according to the site of fracture. There were 304 cases of intertrochanteric fracture, including 96 males and 208 females, with an average age of (80.33±7.94) years old. There were 217 cases of femoral neck fracture, including 74 males and 143 females, with an average age of (79...
October 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Cheng-Yu Li, Xing-Chen Zhang, Xin Zheng, Min Rui, Sheng-Cheng Yao, Zi-Jiang Song, Feng-Chao Zhao, Kai-Jin Guo
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of admission blood urea and creatinine levels on mortality in elderly patients with hip fracture. METHODS: Form January 2013 to December 2014, 767 elder patients with hip fracture were treated in our hospital including 253 males and 514 females, aged from 65 to 96 years old with an average of(75.67±6.81) years old. According blood urea and creatinine levels, the 767 hip fracture patients were divided into four groups as follow: group A(blood urea>=5 mmol/L, creatinine>=70 μmol/L); group B (blood urea>=5 mmol/L, creatinine<70 μmol/L); group C (blood urea<5 mmol/L, creatinine>=70 μmol/L); group D(blood urea<5 mmol/L, creatinine<70 μmol/L)...
October 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Georgios Vlachopanos, Theodoras Kassimatis, Anastasia Kokkona, Adamantia Zerva, Eirini Stavroulaki, Charilaos Zacharogiannis, Athanasios Agrafiotis
Abnormal bone architecture contributes to high incidence of hip fractures in chronichemodialysis (HD) patients. Their clinical epidemiology is incompletely described. We conducted a retrospective cohort study to assess the implications ofhospitalization with hip fracture in HD patients compared to the nonchronic kidney disease population. Thirty-three chronic HD patients admitted with hip fracture overfiveyears were age- and sex-matched on a 1:1 ratio with controls that had hip fracture and normal renal function...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
B Boukebous, P Boutroux, R Zahi, C Azmy, P Guillon
BACKGROUND: The choice between performing total hip arthroplasty (THA) or hemiarthroplasty (HA) is not straightforward in older patients with femoral neck fracture, particularly when co-morbidities are factored in. This led us to carry out a case-control study to determine 1) the rate of mechanical complications for these two types of implants, and 2) the rate of medical complications and mortality. HYPOTHESIS: THA with dual mobility cup (DM) will result in fewer mechanical complications than HA...
February 15, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Patawut Bovonratwet, Daniel D Bohl, Glenn S Russo, Nathaniel T Ondeck, Denis Nam, Craig J Della Valle, Jonathan N Grauer
BACKGROUND: Patients with geriatric hip fractures may be at increased risk for postoperative Clostridium difficile colitis, which can cause severe morbidity and can influence hospital quality metrics. However, to our knowledge, no large database study has calculated the incidence of, factors associated with, and effect of C. difficile colitis on geriatric patients undergoing hip fracture surgery. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: To use a large national database with in-hospital and postdischarge data (National Surgical Quality Improvement Program [NSQIP®]) to (1) determine the incidence and timing of C...
March 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Ludwig Oberkircher, Steffen Ruchholtz, Pol Maria Rommens, Alexander Hofmann, Benjamin Bücking, Antonio Krüger
BACKGROUND: The estimated incidence of osteoporotic pelvic fractures among persons over age 60 in Germany is 224 per 100 000 persons per year, and rising. A number of surgical treatment options are available, but clinical long-term data are lacking. METHODS: This review is based on pertinent publications and guidelines retrieved by a selective literature search, and on the authors' clinical experience. RESULTS: Patients often report one or more relatively trivial traumatic incidents leading up to the fracture...
February 2, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
Malik Ahmed, Yousef Abuodeh, AbdulJabbar Alhammoud, Motasem Salameh, Khalid Hasan, Ghalib Ahmed
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to review the epidemiological aspects of acetabular fractures treated at Hamad Medical Corporation in Qatar. The study is the first orthopaedic trauma epidemiological study in Qatar and will provide a platform to advance high-level clinical research. METHODS: We obtained data for 103 patients who presented to our level I trauma centre from 2008 to 2010 with a diagnosis of acetabular fracture. Age, sex, the cause of injury, fracture classification, mode of treatment, associated nerve injuries, and other complications were analyzed...
February 11, 2018: International Orthopaedics
Brit Solvor L Riska, Lisa Forsén, Tone K Omsland, Anne Johanne Søgaard, Haakon E Meyer, Kristin Holvik
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Excess mortality after hip fracture is higher in men than in women. The objective was to study whether comorbidity differs in men and women with hip fracture and to what degree differences in comorbidity according to gender may explain the higher excess mortality in men. DESIGN: Population-based matched cohort covering the population aged 50 and older in Norway. SETTING: Specialist healthcare (individuals with hip fracture) and general population (controls)...
February 10, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Steven L Bokshan, Stephen E Marcaccio, Travis D Blood, Roman A Hayda
INTRODUCTION: Hip fractures account for a significant disease burden in the Unites States. With an aging population, this disease burden is expected to increase in the upcoming decades. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This represents a retrospective cohort study to assess mortality following hip fracture in the octogenarian and nonagenarian populations. Odds ratios for postoperative mortality were constructed using normalized patients from United States Social Security death tables...
February 6, 2018: Injury
G Manoharan, B D Chatterton, T S Moores, P J Roberts
BACKGROUND: Guidelines on the management of displaced intracapsular fractures recommend using an Orthopaedic Data Evaluation Panel-rated cemented implant. Prior to the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidelines, uncemented implants were commonly used in the UK. METHODS: We retrospectively examined the outcomes of patients with uncemented Thompson's hemiarthroplasties at our unit, between April 2005 and December 2010. Patients who underwent revision surgery before December 2011 were identified...
February 8, 2018: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
J S Karim, J Reynolds, O Salar, E T Davis, S Quraishi, M Ahmed
INTRODUCTION: 80,000 hip fractures are admitted to UK hospitals annually (Royal College of Physicians, 2016). Little is known about 12-month post-operative re-admission, unplanned clinic attendance and mortality. We aimed to determine if there is a role for routine follow-up for certain strata of our hip fracture population treated by Dynamic Hip Screw (DHS) Fixation based on unplanned attendance to clinics and whether it is possible to stratify risk of re-admission, re-operation and mortality within the first 12 months post-operatively...
February 5, 2018: Injury
Ryan P McLynn, Taylor D Ottesen, Nathaniel T Ondeck, Jonathan J Cui, Lee E Rubin, Jonathan N Grauer
BACKGROUND: The Rothman Index is a comprehensive measure of overall patient status in the inpatient setting already in use at many medical centers. It ranges from 100 (best score) to -91 (worst score) and is calculated based on 26 variables encompassing vital signs, routine laboratory values, and organ system assessments from nursing rounds from the electronic medical record. Past research has shown an association of Rothman Index with complications, readmission, and death in certain populations, but it has not been evaluated in geriatric patients with hip fractures, a potentially vulnerable patient population...
February 5, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Hannes Jacobs, Hajo Zeeb, Falk Hoffmann
Little is known about hip fracture rates and post-fracture mortality among nursing home residents. This retrospective cohort study examined incidence rates (IR) of and mortality after hip fracture in this population focusing on sex differences. A cohort of >127,000 residents ≥65 years, newly admitted to German nursing homes between 2010 and 2014 were used to calculate age-, sex-, care-need- and time after admission-specific IR. To determine mortality, the Kaplan-Meier-method was applied. Using Cox regression, we studied mortality and estimated time-dependent hazard ratios (HRs)...
February 7, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
C G Clemmesen, L M Pedersen, S Hougaard, M L Andersson, V Rosenkvist, H B Nielsen, H Palm, N B Foss
This study explores the association between postadmission and intraoperative cerebral oxygenation (ScO2), reflecting systemic perfusion, and postoperative mortality and delirium. Forty elderly (age > 65 years) patients with hip fractures were included in this prospective observational study. The ScO2 was determined using near-infrared spectroscopy at initial resuscitation after patients were admitted to the hospital and during surgery. Postoperative delirium was assessed up to seven days after surgery using the memorial delirium assessment scale and the confusion assessment method...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
Nathaniel T Ondeck, Patawut Bovonratwet, Izuchukwu K Ibe, Daniel D Bohl, Ryan P McLynn, Jonathan J Cui, Michael R Baumgaertner, Jonathan N Grauer
OBJECTIVES: The Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI), Elixhauser's Comorbidity Measure (ECM), and the modified Frailty Index (mFI) have been associated with mortality following hip fracture. The present study compares the clinically informative discriminative ability of CCI, ECM, and mFI as well as demographic characteristics for predicting in-hospital adverse outcomes following surgical management of hip fractures. METHODS: Patients undergoing hip fracture surgery were selected from the 2013 National Inpatient Sample...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
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