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Hip fracture mortality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644586/medical-record-weight-mrw-a-new-reliable-predictor-of-hospital-stay-morbidity-and-mortality-in-the-hip-fracture-population
#1
P Calpin, K Taheny, J F Baker, J Green, J P McCabe
We sought to compare the weight of patient's medical records (MRW) to that of standardised surgical risk scoring systems in predicting postoperative hospital stay, morbidity, and mortality in patients with hip fracture. Patients admitted for surgical treatment of a newly diagnosed hip fracture over a 3-month period were enrolled. Patients with documented morbidity or mortality had significantly heavier medical records. The MRW was equivalent to the age-adjusted Charlson co-morbidity index and better than the American Society of Anaesthesiologists physical status score (ASA), the Physiological and Operative Severity Score for the enUmeration of Mortality and Morbidity (POSSUM,) and Portsmouth-POSSUM score (P-POSSUM) in correlation with length of hospital admission, p = ...
December 12, 2016: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639740/declining-rates-of-hip-fracture-in-end-stage-renal-disease-analysis-from-the-2003-2011-nationwide-inpatient-sample
#2
Sun Moon Kim, Sai Liu, Jin Long, Maria E Montez-Rath, Mary B Leonard, Glenn M Chertow
The incidence of hip fracture in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is considerably higher than that in the general age- and sex-matched population. Although medical therapy for chronic kidney disease mineral bone disorder (CKD-MBD) has changed considerably over the last decade, rates of hip fracture in the entire ESRD population have not been well-characterized. Herein, we evaluated temporal trends in rates of hip fracture, in-hospital mortality, and costs of associated hospital stay in ESRD. We identified hospitalizations for hip fracture from 2003 to 2011 using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, a representative national database inclusive of all ages and payers...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634098/sepsis-within-30-days-of-geriatric-hip-fracture-surgery
#3
Daniel D Bohl, Stephanie E Iantorno, Bryan M Saltzman, Matthew W Tetreault, Brian Darrith, Craig J Della Valle
BACKGROUND: Sepsis after hip fracture typically develops from one of the 3 potential infectious sources: urinary tract infection (UTI), pneumonia, and surgical site infection (SSI). The purpose of this investigation is to determine (1) the proportion of cases of sepsis that arises from each of these potential infectious sources; (2) baseline risk factors for developing each of the potential infectious sources; and (3) baseline risk factors for developing sepsis. METHODS: The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was searched for geriatric patients (aged >65 years) who underwent surgery for hip fracture during 2005-2013...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633147/tranexamic-acid-safely-reduced-blood-loss-in-hemi-and-total-hip-arthroplasty-for-acute-femoral-neck-fracture-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Chad D Watts, Matthew T Houdek, S Andrew Sems, William W Cross, Mark W Pagnano
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine whether (1) tranexamic acid (TXA) reduces the incidence of transfusion (2) TXA reduces the calculated blood loss, and (3) there are any observable differences in 30- and 90-day complications with TXA administration during arthroplasty for femoral neck fracture (FNF). DESIGN: Prospective, double-blinded, randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Level 1 Academic Trauma Center. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: One hundred thirty-eight patients who presented with a low-energy, isolated, FNF (AO 31B) treated with either hemi- or total hip arthroplasty within 72 hours of injury were randomized to either the TXA group (69 patients) or placebo group (69 patients)...
July 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632581/multicenter-retrospective-study-of-noncompressible-torso-hemorrhage-anatomic-locations-of-bleeding-and-comparison-of-endovascular-versus-open-approach
#5
Ronald Chang, Erin E Fox, Thomas J Greene, Brian J Eastridge, Ramyar Gilani, Kevin K Chung, Stacia M DeSantis, Joseph J DuBose, Jeffrey S Tomasek, Gerald R Fortuna, Valerie G Sams, S Rob Todd, Jeanette M Podbielski, Charles E Wade, John B Holcomb
BACKGROUND: Rational development of technology for rapid control of noncompressible torso hemorrhage (NCTH) requires detailed understanding of what is bleeding. Our objectives were to describe the anatomic location of truncal bleeding in patients presenting with NCTH and compare endovascular (ENDO) management versus open (OPEN) management. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of adult trauma patients with NCTH admitted to four urban Level I trauma centers in the Houston and San Antonio metropolitan areas in 2008 to 2012...
July 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628893/one-year-mortality-after-hip-fracture-in-older-individuals-the-effects-of-delirium-and-dementia
#6
Rebecca Mitchell, Lara Harvey, Henry Brodaty, Brian Draper, Jacqueline Close
BACKGROUND: Delirium is common in older hip fracture patients, yet its association with mortality after hip fracture remains uncertain. This study aimed to determine whether delirium was associated with all-cause one-year mortality after hip fracture in older patients and whether the effect of delirium was independent of dementia status. METHOD: A retrospective analysis of linked hospitalisation and mortality data for patients aged ≥65 years with a hip fracture during 1 January 2010 to 30 June 2014 in New South Wales, Australia...
June 13, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626336/rehabilitation-in-a-convalescent-rehabilitation-ward-following-an-acute-ward-improves-functional-recovery-and-mortality-for-hip-fracture-patients-a-sequence-in-a-single-hospital
#7
Tomohiro Yoshizawa, Tomofumi Nishino, Hajime Mishima, Takeshi Ainoya, Masashi Yamazaki
[Purpose] The convalescent rehabilitation ward (CRW) plays an important role for hip fracture patients in Japanese super-aged society. The purpose of this study is to clarify the usefulness of the CRW concomitant with acute wards in a single hospital. [Subjects and Methods] 110 hip fracture patients were evaluated; 63 patients were moved from acute wards to the CRW in the same hospital (Group C) and 47 patients were treated in acute wards only (Group A). Patient selection was determined by each attending doctor...
June 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625708/-algorithms-for-the-identification-of-hospital-stays-due-to-osteoporotic-femoral-neck-fractures-in-european-medical-administrative-databases-using-icd-10-codes-a-non-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#8
P Caillet, P Oberlin, E Monnet, L Guillon-Grammatico, P Métral, M Belhassen, P Denier, L Banaei-Bouchareb, M Viprey, D Biau, A-M Schott
BACKGROUND: Osteoporotic hip fractures (OHF) are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The French medico-administrative database (SNIIRAM) offers an interesting opportunity to improve the management of OHF. However, the validity of studies conducted with this database relies heavily on the quality of the algorithm used to detect OHF. The aim of the REDSIAM network is to facilitate the use of the SNIIRAM database. The main objective of this study was to present and discuss several OHF-detection algorithms that could be used with this database...
June 15, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622117/periprosthetic-femoral-fractures-in-the-emergency-department-what-the-orthopedic-surgeon-wants-to-know
#9
Richard A Marshall, Michael J Weaver, Aaron Sodickson, Bharti Khurana
Femoral fracture in the setting of a hip arthroplasty is an increasingly common complication encountered in the emergency department (ED). Diagnosis and management of periprosthetic fractures are complicated, and orthopedic surgeons rely on imaging findings to guide the appropriate management approach to the injury. Delay in identification and appropriate definitive management of periprosthetic fractures is associated with high morbidity and mortality. At present, the Vancouver classification system for periprosthetic hip fractures is the most common classification system used by orthopedic surgeons...
June 16, 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621029/urinary-tract-infection-in-patients-with-hip-fracture-an-underestimated-event
#10
Christopher Bliemel, Benjamin Buecking, Juliana Hack, Rene Aigner, Daphne-Asimenia Eschbach, Steffen Ruchholtz, Ludwig Oberkircher
AIM: Urinary tract infections (UTI) represent a common perioperative complication among elderly patients with hip fracture. To determine the impact of UTI on the perioperative course of elderly patients with hip fractures, a prospective study was carried out. METHODS: A total of 402 surgically-treated geriatric hip fracture patients were consecutively enrolled at a level 1 trauma center. On admission, all patients received an indwelling urinary catheter. Clinically symptomatic patients were screened more closely for UTI...
June 16, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615514/prognostic-value-of-the-c-reactive-protein-prognostic-nutritional-index-ratio-after-hip-fracture-surgery-in-the-elderly-population
#11
Hanru Ren, Lianghao Wu, Wankun Hu, Xiuzhang Ye, Baoqing Yu
BACKGROUND: More and more older patients receive the surgery after hip fracture. However, the mortality rate is high. Prognostic nutritional index (PNI) is associated with prognosis in hip fracture patients. In the current study, we proposed a novel prognostic score, named c-reactive protein/PNI ratio (CRP/PNI ratio), for predicting the prognosis for geriatric orthopedic population. METHODS: This is a prospective study. Eighty cases of hip fracture surgery in the elderly population were studied to reveal the relationship between the CRP/PNI ratio and the clinicopathological characteristics of the elderly patients...
May 24, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611877/emergency-department-pain-management-following-implementation-of-a-geriatric-hip-fracture-program
#12
Scott D Casey, Dane E Stevenson, Bryn E Mumma, Christina Slee, Philip R Wolinsky, Calvin H Hirsch, Katren Tyler
INTRODUCTION: Over 300,000 patients in the United States sustain low-trauma fragility hip fractures annually. Multidisciplinary geriatric fracture programs (GFP) including early, multimodal pain management reduce morbidity and mortality. Our overall goal was to determine the effects of a GFP on the emergency department (ED) pain management of geriatric fragility hip fractures. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study including patients age ≥65 years with fragility hip fractures two years before and two years after the implementation of the GFP...
June 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605879/a-rct-study-of-rivaroxaban-low-molecular-weight-heparin-and-sequential-medication-regimens-for-the-prevention-of-venous-thrombosis-after-internal-fixation-of-hip-fracture
#13
Yilun Tang, Kunzheng Wang, Zhibin Shi, Pei Yang, Xiaoqian Dang
The guidelines for the prevention of venous thromboembolism in orthopedic surgeries have reached a consensus on the postoperative conventional anticoagulation. However, the choice of anticoagulant drugs is yet controversial. The use of the drug rivaroxaban is expensive. Since the compliance of patients with low-molecular-weight heparin is considerably low, a cost-effective, efficacious and convenient anticoagulant program is essential. The present study investigated the efficacy, safety, patient compliance, and cost-effectiveness of low-molecular-weight heparin with sequential Rivaroxaban anticoagulant therapy in patients with a hip fracture, following internal fixation...
June 8, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593449/frax-for-fracture-prediction-shorter-and-longer-than-10%C3%A2-years-the-manitoba-bmd-registry
#14
W D Leslie, S R Majumdar, S N Morin, L M Lix, H Johansson, A Oden, E V McCloskey, J A Kanis
In a large clinical registry for the province of Manitoba, Canada, FRAX predicted incident MOF and hip fracture from 1 to 15 years following baseline assessment. A simple linear rescaling of FRAX outputs seems useful for predicting both short- and long-term fracture risk in this population. INTRODUCTION: FRAX® estimates 10-year probability of major osteoporotic fracture (MOF) and hip fracture. We examined FRAX predictions over intervals shorter and longer than 10 years. METHODS: Using a population-based clinical registry for Manitoba, Canada, we identified 62,275 women and 6455 men 40 years and older with baseline dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scans and FRAX scores...
June 7, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590376/outcomes-of-after-hours-hip-fracture-surgery
#15
Daniel Pincus, Sagar J Desai, David Wasserstein, Bheeshma Ravi, J Michael Paterson, Patrick Henry, Hans J Kreder, Richard Jenkinson
BACKGROUND: Given single-institution studies showing trends between after-hours hip fracture surgical procedures and adverse outcomes, as well as fixation time targets that may increasingly compel after-hours operations, we investigated the relationship between after-hours hip fracture surgical procedures and adverse outcomes in a large, population-based cohort. METHODS: All Ontarians who were ≥60 years of age and underwent a hip fracture surgical procedure between April 2002 and March 2014 were eligible for study inclusion...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585391/understanding-mortality-rates-after-hip-fracture-repair-using-asa-physical-status-in-the-national-hip-fracture-database
#16
A Johansen, C Tsang, C Boulton, R Wakeman, I Moppett
Hip fracture is the most common reason for older patients to need emergency anaesthesia and surgery. Up to one-third of patients die in the year after hip fracture, but this view of outcome may encourage therapeutic nihilism in peri-operative decisions and discussions. We used a multicentre national dataset to examine relative and absolute mortality rates for patients presenting with hip fracture, stratified by ASA physical status. We analysed ASA physical status, dates of surgery, death and hospital discharge for 59,369 out of 64,864 patients in the 2015 National Hip Fracture Database; 3914 (6...
June 6, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584740/impact-of-preoperative-echocardiography-on-perioperative-management-in-geriatric-hip-trauma-a-retrospective-observational-study
#17
Chhavi Sawhney, Vivek Trikha, Sai Janani, Sukhminder Jit Singh Bajwa, Vijay Sharma, Menaal Khanna
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Hip fractures are associated with a significant risk of morbidity and mortality in the elderly population. Current guidelines propose that these patients should be operated as early as possible. Preoperative cardiac investigations, especially echocardiography, have been considered to delay surgery with few changes in the patient management. The present study has been conducted to evaluate whether preoperative echocardiography improve or worsen the prognosis in such hip trauma surgery...
April 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583096/the-impact-of-hip-fracture-on-mortality-in-estonia-a-retrospective-population-based-cohort-study
#18
Mikk Jürisson, Mait Raag, Riina Kallikorm, Margus Lember, Anneli Uusküla
BACKGROUND: Estimates of hip fracture mortality in Eastern Europe are scarce. We aimed to estimate the magnitude and duration of excess mortality after hip fracture in Estonia. METHODS: Retrospective, population-based 10-year study of persons aged ≥50 in two cohorts: with hip fracture and an age- and sex-matched (in a 1:4 ratio) random sample from the national health insurance fund database for comparison. Cumulative risks, excess risks and relative risks of death were estimated using Poisson regression with 95% bootstrap confidence intervals (CI)...
June 5, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580386/hospitalizations-for-osteoporosis-related-fractures-economic-costs-and-clinical-outcomes
#19
Derek Weycker, Xiaoyan Li, Rich Barron, Rebecca Bornheimer, David Chandler
BACKGROUND: Osteoporotic fractures frequently require inpatient care, and are associated with elevated risks of morbidity, mortality, and re-hospitalization. A comprehensive evaluation of healthcare costs, resource utilization, and outcomes associated with osteoporosis (OP)-related fractures treated in US hospitals was undertaken. METHODS: A retrospective analysis using the Premier Perspective Database (2010 - 2013) was conducted. Study population comprised patients aged ≥ 50 years hospitalized with a principal diagnosis of a closed or pathologic fracture commonly associated with OP; the first qualifying hospitalization was designated the "index admission"...
December 2016: Bone Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575342/prediction-of-postoperative-mortality-in-elderly-patients-with-hip-fracture-are-specific-and-geriatric-scores-better-than-general-scores
#20
J Boddaert, N Na, Y Le Manach, M Raux, J Cohen-Bittan, H Vallet, A Meziere, F Khiami, B Riou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
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