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Condylar Fracture

Daniel A Shaerf, Ivor S Vanhegan, Rupen Dattani
We review the diagnosis, evaluation and management of paediatric lateral condylar fractures. The complications of these fractures are also discussed, including the management of fracture non-union.
April 2018: Shoulder & Elbow
Shiping Chang, Yan Yang, Yang Liu, Jingfu Wang, Wuyang Zhang, Qin Ma
PURPOSE: Our aim was to explore how the remodeling capacity of children's mandibular condyles affected the morphologic changes of fractured condyles after conservative treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was designed and performed in children and adult patients with mandibular condylar fractures. Computed tomographic imaging was reviewed for all patients to analyze the morphologic changes and risk factors for traumatic temporomandibular joint ankylosis...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Ayman Ebied, Ahmed Zayda, Sameh Marei, Hany Elsayed
INTRODUCTION: Successful treatment of knee comminuted periarticular fractures associated with osteoporosis and pre-existing arthritis is a challenging task. METHODS: This is a prospective study on 27 patients who had comminuted intra and periarticular knee fractures and pre-existing arthritis. Fractures were classified according to Muller's AO classification. Primary knee arthroplasty was performed ± internal fixation following 4 weeks of splinting. A stem was added to the tibial tray and Legacy Constrained Condylar Knee (LCCK) or Rotating Hinge (RH) prosthesis were used depending on the level of ligament damage and bone defects...
2018: SICOT-J
Charlotte Wilson, Joe Iwanaga, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs
Trauma to the mandible can occasionally be a life-threatening event. Although extremely rare with only 56 reported patients in the English language, fracture of the floor of the middle cranial fossa with protrusion of the mandibular condyle into the middle cranial fossa was first reported in 1963 by Dingman. The authors review the anatomy of the temporomandibular joint in relation to the middle cranial fossa and demonstrate the possible complications due to condylar intrusion with anatomical dissection.
March 14, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Said Algan, Murat Kara, Mehmet Akif Cakmak, Onder Tan, Hakan Cinal, Ensar Zafer Barin, Akin Inaloz
OBJECTIVE: Condylar and subcondylar fractures (CSFs) are among the most common mandible fractures. If reduction of these fractures is not carried out correctly, serious complications can result, including infection, damage to temporomandibular joint (TMJ) function, malocclusion, nonunion, malunion, and ankylosis of the TMJ. METHODS: We used a preauricular, mini-incision, open technique (PMIOT) for CSF of the mandible. 66 patients (48 males, 18 females), with a total of 72 CSFs of the mandible, were repaired with PMIOT between 2011 and 2016...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Ki-Tae Na, Seok-Whan Song, Yoon-Min Lee, Jae-Hoon Choi
BACKGROUND: Triceps weakness is a common complication of total elbow arthroplasty (TEA). Many posterior approaches for TEA have been introduced to maintain triceps function. The present study evaluated the clinical outcomes and extensor strengths of primary TEA with modified triceps fascial tongue approach. METHODS: Twenty-one primary TEAs performed in 20 patients by a single surgeon were reviewed with a mean of 64.2 months (range, 24-127 months) of follow-up. Every TEA was performed using the modified triceps fascial tongue approach, with the Coonrad-Morrey prosthesis...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Maria C Closs Ono, André D de Morais, Renato da S Freitas, Gilvani A de Oliveira E Cruz
BACKGROUND: Condylar fractures are considered the most controversial mandibular fractures, regarding both the diagnosis and the treatment. With the increase in surgical indications for handling this type of fracture, it is important to discuss about the advantages and disadvantages of the several surgical approaches available. This article describes the surgical details and postoperative results of the mini-retromandibular transparotid approach for treating extracapsular condylar fractures of the mandible...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Willian Ricardo Pires, Gabriel Mulinari Santos, Erik Neiva Ribeiro de Carvalho Reis, André Hergesel de Oliva, Ricardo Garcia Mureb Jacob, Leonardo Perez Faverani, Francisley Ávila Souza, Idelmo Rangel Garcia Júnior
Facial fractures can be potentially fatal in polytraumatized patients due to retropositioning tissues to upper airway obstruction. In the first aids, this situation can be reversed using a tracheostomy procedure to break out the airways. However, fractures leading to airway obstruction are rare and according to Richards Classification can be classified into 5 types. The purpose of this article is to report a clinical patient with a bilateral condylar and mandibular symphysis fractures that resulted in airway obstruction and severe mandibular rear projection...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Martin Kauke, Ali-Farid Safi, Marco Timmer, Hans-Joachim Nickenig, Joachim Zöller, Matthias Kreppel
Mandibulo-maxillary fixation (MMF) is indispensable for mandibular fracture treatment. Various means for MMF have been proposed, of which arch bars are widely considered to be the mainstay. However, disadvantages to this method have initiated a quest for an alternative, leading to the introduction of MMF screws. MMF screws have frequently been criticized for poor stability of fracture sites, root damage, hardware failure, and nerve damage. We retrospectively evaluate the FAMI (Fixation and Adaptation in Mandibular Injuries) screw in mandibular fracture treatment by scanning for clinically and radiologically visible complications...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Mahmood Samman, Syed Waheed Ahmed, Hassan Beshir, Turki Almohammadi, Santosh R Patil
Objectives: The objective of the study is to study the incidence and pattern of mandible fractures in the holy city of Madinah in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia over a retrospective period of 3 years from 2013 (1434H) to 2016 (1436H) and to compare the results with those from other regions of Saudi Arabia and elsewhere. Materials and Methods: Relevant data of patients admitted to the King Fahad Hospital, Madinah with a fracture of the mandible during the study were collected from their medical records and radiographs...
January 2018: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
Peng-Rong Ouyang, Xi-Jing He, Xuan Cai
Upper cervical fracture-dislocations are series of pathological injuries occurred in occipital, atlas and axis caused by traumatic impact, which often results in severe clinical consequences, such as paraplegia, quadriplegia, and even death. In light of the potential severe clinical outcomes, it is important to define the type of upper cervical fracture-dislocations depending on which the clinician can deal with the disease properly. Owing to its specific anatomical structures, the upper cervical fractures occurr to the unique osseous structures or ligamentous connections always present in predictable patterns...
September 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Carolin Lechler, Florian Probst, Carl-Peter Cornelius, Wenko Smolka
PURPOSE: To evaluate clinical, radiologic, and functional outcomes of patients with condylar neck or base fractures treated with open reduction and internal fixation using strut plates. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty patients with 34 condylar neck and base fractures were included in the study. Transoral endoscopically assisted, submandibular, or transparotid approaches were performed. Clinical and radiologic outcomes were evaluated. Functional outcomes were assessed with the Helkimo index in a subgroup of 15 patients...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Adarsh Kudva, Abhay T Kamath, Jyotsna Rajan, Charlene D'Souza
PURPOSE: To describe a modified peri-angular approach to address subcondylar and condylar neck fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A modified peri-angular incision is used to approach a fractured condyle through the anteroparotid transmasseteric approach. RESULTS: In the authors' experience, this method provides quick and clean exposure to the fractured condylar base and neck fractures for open reduction and internal fixation. CONCLUSION: Although the peri-angular approach has been discussed in the literature, the authors' modification lessens the chance of complications, such as marginal nerve injury and parotid fistula formation, because the nerve is visualized and kept isolated throughout...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
ZhongWei Zhou, Zhang'ao Li, Jiayin Ren, Mingyun He, Yongqing Huang, WeiDong Tian, Wei Tang
OBJECTIVES: The treatment of condylar fractures has long been controversial. In this paper, we established a database for accurate measurement, storage, management and analysis of patients' data, in order to help determine the best treatment plan. METHODS: First of all, the diagnosis and treatment database was established based on XNAT, including 339 cases of condylar fractures and their related information. Then image segmentation, registration and three-dimensional (3D) measurement were used to measure and analyze the condyle shapes...
2018: PloS One
N M H McLeod, D Van Gijn
The need to treat fractures of the mandibular condyle remains controversial, but when the decision to operate has been made, then multiple forms of fixation are advocated. Traditionally, metal plates and screws have been used, but this is thought to have several disadvantages, particularly in the growing skeleton. Resorbable fixation for maxillofacial fractures has not gained widespread acceptance because of technical difficulties with the materials and concern about inflammatory reactions during their resorption...
February 7, 2018: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Guo-Qing Shen, Hao Zhang, Da-Fu Long, Zheng-Wen Li, Ying-Dong Tan
OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical effects of retrograde intramedullary nailing and cannulated screws in the treatment of femoral condylar fracture. METHODS: From June 2009 to June 2015, 13 patients with femoral condyles fracture were treated by retrograde intramedullary nailing and cannulated screws including 6 males and 7 females with an average age of 46.1 years old ranging from 16 to 76 years old. There were 10 cases of closed fractures, 3 cases of open fraetures...
July 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Jian-Min Lyu, Chuan-Fu Lin, Li-Qin Lan
OBJECTIVE: To further investigate the risk factors of cubitus varus in humeral condylar fracture after conservative treatment in children through Logistic regression analysis, so as to guide the clinical treatment. METHODS: Children with humeral condylar fracture who were treated by manipulative reduction and plaster fixation in our hospital from March 2008 to December 2014 were studied. The clinical data including age, gender, BMI, time from injury to reduction, direction of displacement, rotation displacement, fixed position, and epiphyseal injury were collected...
May 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
A Completo, A Nascimento, A F Girão, F Fonseca
BACKGROUND: Pyrocarbon proximal interphalangeal joint arthroplasty provided patients with excellent pain relief and joint motion, however, overall implant complications have been very variable, with some good outcomes at short-medium-term follow-up and some bad outcomes at longer-term follow-up. Implant loosening with migration, dislocation and implant fracture were the main reported clinical complications. The aim of the present work was to test the hypothesis that the magnitude proximal interphalangeal joint cyclic loads in daily hand functions generates stress-strain behaviour which may be associated with a risk of pyrocarbon component loosening in the long-term...
January 23, 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
Olof Byström, Torben S Jensen, Frantz R Poulsen
Introduction: Occipital condyle fracture (OCF) is rare. It may, however, pose a serious threat to the patient due to destabilization of the craniocervical junction. Correct diagnosis and effective treatment are essential to prevent long-term complications. The aim of this study was to retrospectively investigate our current treatment program with focus on the functional outcome. Diagnosis and classification systems were evaluated for their usefulness in the clinical practice. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed all patients treated conservatively for an occipital condylar fracture from 2010 to 2015 at our department...
October 2017: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
B B Ying, Q Q Zhang, S S Zhu, Y F Li
We know of no universally accepted classification for intracapsular condylar fractures. We propose here a new classification based on the concept of a "disc-condyle" unit, and validate the classification based on outcomes of treatment. From 1 January 2010 - 31 December 2014, 55 patients with unilateral intracapsular condylar fractures were classified into three types: type A has no reduction in mandibular height or displacement of the disc (n=7); type B has displacement of the disc with no reduction in mandibular height (n=17); and type C has reduced mandibular height with or without displacement of the disc (n=31)...
February 2018: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
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