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Condylar Fracture

Y F Zhu, Y M Tang, H J Sun, Q Yu, M Zhu
Objective: To investigate the influence of condylar fractures on the growth of condylars after conservative treatments by three-dimensional measurement. Methods: Twenty three children with unilateral condylar fracture followed-up for at least 1 year in Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital were included from June 2016 to March 2017. CT scans were performed for each patient. Three-dimensional virtual skulls were reconstructed and measuring points were defined with Simplant 11.04 software. The depth of glenoid fossa, height of articular eminence, width, height and depth of condylar, deviation of pogonion were measured...
May 9, 2018: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
Antoinette Rozeboom, Caroline Speksnijder, Leander Dubois, Frank Lobbezoo, Michail Koutris, Jan de Lange
BACKGROUND: Mandibular fractures, especially condylar fractures, are one of the most common facial fractures. Trauma to this region could possibly compromise masticatory performance, which is a vital function for humans. OBJECTIVE: To objectively determine masticatory performance (Mixing Ability Test; MAT) in patients treated for a unilateral condylar fracture, thereby comparing patients in open and closed treatment groups, and assessing whether there is a positive relationship between this performance and subjective mandibular function (Mandibular Functional Impairment Questionnaire; MFIQ)...
July 3, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Ayesha Moin, Akshay D Shetty, T S Archana, Saurabh G Kale
Facial paralysis can be a devastating consequence resulting from blunt and penetrating trauma to the head and neck, as well as surgical injury, either accidental or due to involvement by tumor. In addition, the etiology can be attributed to a variety of other causes, ranging from infectious to metabolic, and is frequently idiopathic in nature. The incidence of facial nerve injury during temporomandibular joint (TMJ) surgeries varies among surgeons. There are many factors that could contribute to the injury of the temporal and zygomatic branches of the facial nerve...
January 2018: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Mohamed Ali Mahgoub, Ahmed Hassan El-Sabbagh, Ehab Atef Abd El-Latif, Mohamed Radwan Elhadidy
Purpose: To put an algorithmic approach for the treatment of condylar fractures according to the condition of occlusion. Patients and Methods: This study had been carried out between May 2016 and April 2017. Forty patients were included (6 females and 34 males) with their ages ranged between 3 and 60 years. Patients were managed through two approaches as follows: maxillomandibular fixation (MMF) only regimen and MMF with open reduction and internal fixation regimen...
January 2018: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Tajamul Ahmad Hakim, Ajaz Ahmed Shah, Shahid Farooq, Shamina Kosar, Sumaira Gul, Nida Mehmood
Aims and Objectives: The aim of the present study was to compare closed treatment with open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) for subcondylar and condylar neck fractures. Materials and Methods: This randomized prospective study was conducted on thirty patients who visited the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Government Dental College, Srinagar, with condylar fractures. All fractures were displaced; either angulated between 10° and 45° and the ascending ramus was shortened by >2 mm to <15 mm...
January 2018: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Essam Ahmed Al-Moraissi, Edward Ellis, Andreas Neff
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify whether the incidence of systematically identified or incidentally encountered facial nerve branches during dissection to approach condylar fractures increases risk of transient and/or permanent facial nerve weakness. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed that included several databases with specific keywords, a reference search, and a manual search for suitable articles. The inclusion criteria were all clinical trials, with the aim of assessing the rate of facial nerve injuries when open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of condylar process fractures was performed using different surgical approaches...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
N Anne-Archard, G Martel, U Fogarty, H Richard, G Beauchamp, S Laverty
BACKGROUND: The aetiology of equine metacarpal condylar fractures is not completely understood and a developmental cause has been postulated. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the subchondral bone trabecular microarchitecture of the lateral parasagittal groove and condyle in equine neonates and its adaptation with maturation and athletic activity. STUDY DESIGN: Ex vivo observational study. METHODS: Distal metacarpi of neonates, yearlings and adult racehorses (n = 24) were harvested...
June 19, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
A V J Rozeboom, L T Klumpert, M Koutris, L Dubois, C M Speksnijder, F Lobbezoo, J de Lange
The treatment of mandibular condyle fractures has been the subject of considerable discussion, especially whether open or closed treatment should be used. There is a need for practical,evidence-based guidelines, and both objective and subjective parameters should be measured. To date, fewstudies have considered clinically relevant subjective parameters. This study was performed to evaluate the outcomes of the treatment of condylar fractures using the Mandibular Function Impairment Questionnaire (MFIQ) and the Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (DC/TMD) and to compare the outcomes of open and the closed treatment...
June 13, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Hua-Lun Wang, Pei-Pei Zhang, Li Meng, Su-Xia Liang, Hao Liu, Ying-Bin Yan
PURPOSE: The aim of this experimental study was to investigate the role of the fibrous layer of the condylar head in the formation of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis in a sheep model of intracapsular condylar fracture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six growing Xiao-wei Han sheep were used in the study, and bilateral TMJ surgery was performed in each sheep. In the left TMJ, sagittal fracture of the condyle, removal of the fibrous layer of the condylar head, excision of two thirds of the disc, and removal of the fibrous zone of the glenoid fossa were performed...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Heidi R Wassef, Patrick M Colletti
Nuclear medicine studies evaluate physiology on a molecular level providing earlier detection of lesions before morphologic change is evident. 99m Tc-MDP and 18 F-fluoride bone scans detect osteomyelitis earlier than radiographs and computed tomography (CT); aid in diagnosis of temporomandibular joint disorder; and evaluate activity of condylar hyperplasia, extent of Paget disease, and viability of bone grafts. 18 F-FDG PET/CT distinguish between soft tissue and bone infections and diagnose osteomyelitis complicated by fracture or surgery...
July 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
Kleber Tetsuo Kurimori, Endrigo Oliveira Bastos, Walter Amorim de Oliveira, Nivaldo Alonso
Despite condylar fractures representing one of the most common sites of mandibular fractures, intracranial condylar dislocation is a rare event. In this article, the authors report 2 patients. The first patient is a young female with signs and symptoms as commonly reported in the literature. The second patient reports the consequences of a delayed diagnosis of intracranial condylar fracture dislocation. Both patients underwent surgical treatment. These patients are discussed with a review of the literature, noting biomechanics and mechanism of injury, diagnostic methods, and the treatment for these fractures...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Payam Farzad
The use of virtual surgical planning and computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing has previously been reported to enhance the planning for the reconstruction of mandibular continuity defects and to reduce surgical time. Reported is a case of a large keratocystic odontogenic tumor (KOT) affecting right hemimandible including the condylar neck. This case was initially reconstructed with a condyle-bearing reconstruction plate, but because of fatigue fracture 15 years later, a new reconstruction with a custom-made total joint temporomandibular prosthesis was performed...
June 2018: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
Yoon Young Choi, Seung Joon Rhee, Jae Yoon Jeong
Surgical treatment of AO/OTA type 33-C fractures is a therapeutic challenge despite advances in surgical instruments and techniques. We introduce a novel surgical technique named transient retrograde interfragmentary compression (TRIC) to help intraarticular fragment reduction in AO/OTA type 33-C fracture. We inserted a partial threaded 7.0-cannulated screw with a washer along the transepicondylar axis from the medial femoral epicondyle during the articular block reduction process of AO/OTA type 33-C fractures to strengthen the compressive force between the condylar fragments and to enhance the handling of the articular block fragment in the alignmental correction stage...
June 4, 2018: Injury
Sarah G J Alwen, Amy S Kapatkin, Tanya C Garcia, Joshua Milgram, Susan M Stover
Objective: To investigate the influence of plate and screw hole position on the stability of simulated radial fractures stabilized with a 1.5 mm condylar locking compression plate (LCP). Study Design: I n vitro mechanical testing of paired cadaveric limbs. Sample Population: Paired radii ( n = 7) stabilized with a 1.5 mm condylar LCP with an open screw hole positioned either proximal to (PG), or over (OG), a simulated small fracture gap...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
A V J Rozeboom, L Dubois, R R M Bos, R Spijker, J de Lange
BACKGROUND: There is considerable controversy about whether condylar fractures should be treated open or closed. Even when there is a clear indication for open treatment, the appropriate approach opens another debate. PURPOSE: To provide a clear overview on the complications of extraoral approaches to condylar fractures. METHODS: Systematic literature search of all indexed years on PubMed, Medline, and Embase. For detailed analysis, we selected 70 studies...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
A M Silva, T Tomé, C Cunha, J d'Oliveira Coelho, A C Valera, V Filipe, G R Scott
In 2009, a pit burial dated to the Bronze Age was excavated in Monte do Gato de Cima 3 (Portugal). The purpose of this paper is to describe the pathological absence of the left mandibular condyle noted in an adult male skeleton and to discuss possible diagnoses, including subcondylar fracture, cystic defect, congenital absence, condylar aplasia and mandibular condylysis. The most likely explanation for the pathological alteration is subcondylar fracture with non-union. Although the occurrence of non-union and slight osteoarthritic alterations in the left glenoid fossa were evident, this mandible was likely functional, as can be inferred from dental wear and muscle attachment sites...
May 29, 2018: International Journal of Paleopathology
Rosiane Alfinito Roeder, Lifei Guo, Alan A Lim
Condylar fractures account for one third of all mandibular fractures. Despite being highly prevalent, treatment of these fractures remains controversial because of the sequelae of inadequate closed reduction and the risks associated with open repair. Multiple studies attempt to compare closed reduction with maxillomandibular fixation (MMF), open reduction with internal fixation, and endoscopic reduction with internal fixation. In our practice, we favor closed reduction with MMF except in cases of significantly displaced subcondylar fractures...
May 24, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Martyn Parker, Pradyumna Raval, Jan-Erik Gjertsen
Continuing controversy exists for the choice of implant for treating A3 trochanteric hip fractures so we undertook a systematic review of randomised controlled trials from the year 2000 onwards that have compared an intramedullary nail with an extramedullary fixation implant for the treatment of these fractures. Data on the occurrence of any fracture healing complications was extracted and the results combined to calculate Peto odd ratio. Nine studies involving 370 fractures were identified. Three studies involving 105 fractures compared an intramedullary nail with a static fixation (condylar, blade or locking plate)...
May 22, 2018: Injury
Bingshan Yan, Wangping Yin, Xinchao Zhang, Dechang Liu, Keke Gui, Jianwei Sun, Yanchao Chen, Miaozhong Ni
Objective: To introduce a surgical protocol based on the location and orientation of the apex of the medial condylar fracture line for the treatment of Schatzker type Ⅳ tibial plateau fractures and report the preliminary effectiveness. Methods: The clinical data of 18 patients with Schatzker type Ⅳ tibial plateau fractures underwent open reduction and internal fixation between March 2012 and April 2016 were retrospectively analysed. There were 6 males and 12 females, aged 36-74 years (mean, 45 years)...
November 1, 2017: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
Ingrid Tundo, Peter Southerden, Andrew Perry, Richard M Haydock
Objectives The aim of this retrospective study was to describe the location and distribution of craniomaxillofacial (CMF) fractures in 45 cats presented to a veterinary referral centre between 2012 and 2017. Methods Cats with a history of head trauma, one or more CMF fractures and a pretreatment CT scan of the CMF region were included in this study. For the purpose of the study, the CMF skeleton was divided into 15 functional anatomical regions and the fracture sites were allocated to one of these functional regions...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
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