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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900498/central-hemodynamics-and-arterial-stiffness-in-idiopathic-and-multiple-system-atrophy
#1
Klaas Franzen, Sabine Fliegen, Jelena Koester, Rafael Campos Martin, Günther Deuschl, Michael Reppel, Kai Mortensen, Susanne A Schneider
Blood pressure is commonly abnormal in parkinsonian disorders, but central hemodynamics and arterial stiffness, well-established predictors of total cardiovascular risk, have rarely been studied in these disorders. 32 patients [27 with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (iPD); 5 with multiple system atrophy (MSA)] and 15 controls matched for cardiac risk factors underwent 24 h-ambulatory blood pressure recordings using an I.E.M. device (Mobil-O-Graph™), measuring peripheral pressure and calculating central pressures and arterial stiffness...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875953/management-of-hypertension-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-in-asia
#2
Qi-Fang Huang, Satoshi Hoshide, Hao-Min Cheng, Sungha Park, Chang-Gyu Park, Chen-Huan Chen, Kazuomi Kario, Ji-Guang Wang
Hypertension is both a cause and consequence of chronic kidney disease (CKD). According to the Chinese national survey in 2007-2010, the prevalence of CKD was much higher in hypertensive patients (18.9%, n=16,691) than in the overall population sample (10.8%, n=47,204). CKD in hypertension confers risks to the kidneys as well as other organs. Probably because of high dietary salt intake, Asian hypertensive patients with CKD show high prevalence of non-dipping and reversed dipping blood pressure pattern, and may have even higher risks of cardiovascular disease...
November 22, 2016: Current Hypertension Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855748/ambulatory-blood-pressure-monitoring-in-chinese-obstructive-sleep-apnea-patients
#3
Yan Ma, Shuchen Sun, Chung-Kang Peng, Yeming Fang, Robert J Thomas
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Nocturnal blood pressure (BP) dipping in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has not yet been well investigated in Chinese patients, in whom the relationship of OSA and body mass index (BMI) is weaker than that in Caucasians. The aim of this study was to evaluate the BP profile, and the relationships between nocturnal BP and the severity of OSA, in Chinese patients. METHODS: Consecutive Chinese adult outpatients with suspected OSA had overnight polysomnography (PSG), office BP, and 24-h ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM)...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837396/prognostic-importance-of-ambulatory-blood-pressure-monitoring-in-resistant-hypertension-is-it-all-that-matters
#4
REVIEW
Claudia R L Cardoso, Gil F Salles
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article reviews the current knowledge on the prognostic importance of ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring parameters in patients with apparent treatment-resistant hypertension. RECENT FINDINGS: Although mean 24-h ambulatory BPs have been consistently established as better cardiovascular risk predictors than clinic (office) BPs in several clinical settings, and ambulatory BP monitoring is generally indicated in patients with resistant hypertension; there were only five previous longitudinal prospective studies that specifically evaluated the prognostic importance of ambulatory BP monitoring parameters in resistant hypertensive patients...
December 2016: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836914/masked-hypertension-understanding-its-complexity
#5
REVIEW
Stanley S Franklin, Eoin O'Brien, Jan A Staessen
Masked hypertension, which is present when in-office normotension translates to out-of-office hypertension, is present in a surprisingly high percentage of untreated persons and an even higher percentage of patients after beginning antihypertensive medication. Not only are persons with prehypertension more likely to have masked hypertension than those with optimal blood pressure (BP), but also they frequently develop target organ damage prior to transitioning to sustained hypertension. Furthermore, the frequency of masked hypertension is high in individuals of African inheritance and in the presence of increased cardiovascular risk factors and disease states, such as diabetes and chronic renal failure...
November 10, 2016: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826342/endocan-and-non-dipping-circadian-pattern-in-newly-diagnosed-essential-hypertension
#6
Tolga Çimen, Murat Bilgin, Ahmet Akyel, Mehmet Ali Felekoğlu, Ali Nallbani, Şeyda Özdemir, Gönül Erden, Alpaslan Öztürk, Mehmet Doğan, Ekrem Yeter
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Non-dipper hypertension is frequently accompanied by endothelial dysfunction and activation. Previous studies suggested that endocan may be a novel endothelial dysfunction marker. This study aims to investigate the association between circadian blood pressure (BP) pattern and plasma endocan levels together with high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) in patients with newly diagnosed untreated hypertension. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Twenty-four hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring was recorded in 35 dipper, 35 non-dipper hypertensives and 35 healthy controls...
November 2016: Korean Circulation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754159/os-30-05-genetic-risk-score-determines-dipping-profile-in-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease
#7
Marcin Wirtwein, Olle Melander, Marketa Sjogren, Michal Hoffmann, Marcin Gruchala, Wojciech Sobiczewski
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to report the relationship between certain single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) and blunted nighttime blood pressure (BP) fall in hypertensive patients with CAD confirmed by coronary angiography. DESIGN AND METHOD: According to the percentage decrease in mean systolic (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) during the nighttime period subjects were classified as dippers or non-dippers (nighttime relative SBP or DBP decline ≥ and <10% respectively)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754104/os-21-09-dipping-pattern-of-blood-pressure-and-renal-injury-in-dahl-salt-sensitive-hypertensive-rats
#8
Akira Nishiyama, Abu Sufiun, Yoshihide Fujisawa, Asadur Rahman, Daisuke Nakano, Hirofumi Hitomi
OBJECTIVE: It has been indicated that non-dipper pattern of circadian rhythm of blood pressure (BP) is a great risk of cardiovascular disease, which is accompanied by impaired renal function and proteinuria. Here, we aimed to investigate the circadian rhythm of BP during the progression of renal injury in Dahl salt-sensitive (DSS) hypertensive rats. DESIGN AND METHOD: DSS rats were treated with a high salt diet (HS; 8% NaCl) for 10 weeks (n = 10). RESULTS: Before starting a HS diet, the difference in mean arterial pressure (MAP) between dark and light period was 6...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754083/os-19-06-change-of-blood-pressure-pattern-and-target-organ-damage-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-results-of-the-aprodite-2-study
#9
Ran-Hui Cha, Hajeong Lee, Jung Pyo Lee, Chun Soo Lim, Yon Su Kim, Sung Gyun Kim
OBJECTIVE: Blood pressure (BP) control is the most established practice for preventing the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). We examined the BP control and nocturnal dipping pattern change in hypertensive patients with CKD and its effects on target organ damages. DESIGN AND METHOD: We recruited 378 hypertensive CKD patients from 4 centers in Korea. They underwent office and ambulatory BP monitoring at the time of enrollment and 1 year after. High office and ambulatory BP was defined as > 140/90 mmHg and > 135/85 mmHg (daytime)/> 120/70 mmHg (nighttime), respectively...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753959/os-09-03-extreme-dipping-is-not-associated-with-increased-mortality-in-both-treated-and-untreated-hypertensives
#10
Michael Bursztyn, Iddo Z Ben-Dov
OBJECTIVE: To examine relationships of extreme dipping with all-cause mortality. DESIGN AND METHOD: We analyzed our database of 4842 subjects referred for ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring (ABPM); 2851 treated and 1991 untreated subjects. The normal dip was defined for as 10% reduction in systolic BP (SBP) during sleep compared with the awake period. Non-dipping was defined as a decrease < 10% but ≥ 10%. Dipping beyond 20% was considered extreme...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728502/non-dipping-pattern-of-blood-pressure-raises-the-target-organ-damage-risk-in-non-diabetic-ckd-patients
#11
Choudhary L, Gupta A, Gupta P, Saxena P, Chaurasia A K
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643356/os-09-03-extreme-dipping-is-not-associated-with-increased-mortality-in-both-treated-and-untreated-hypertensives
#12
Michael Bursztyn, Iddo Z Ben-Dov
OBJECTIVE: To examine relationships of extreme dipping with all-cause mortality. DESIGN AND METHOD: We analyzed our database of 4842 subjects referred for ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring (ABPM); 2851 treated and 1991 untreated subjects. The normal dip was defined for as 10% reduction in systolic BP (SBP) during sleep compared with the awake period. Non-dipping was defined as a decrease < 10% but ≥ 10%. Dipping beyond 20% was considered extreme...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643089/os-30-05-genetic-risk-score-determines-dipping-profile-in-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease
#13
Marcin Wirtwein, Olle Melander, Marketa Sjogren, Michal Hoffmann, Marcin Gruchala, Wojciech Sobiczewski
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to report the relationship between certain single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) and blunted nighttime blood pressure (BP) fall in hypertensive patients with CAD confirmed by coronary angiography. DESIGN AND METHOD: According to the percentage decrease in mean systolic (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) during the nighttime period subjects were classified as dippers or non-dippers (nighttime relative SBP or DBP decline ≥ and <10% respectively)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643029/os-21-09-dipping-pattern-of-blood-pressure-and-renal-injury-in-dahl-salt-sensitive-hypertensive-rats
#14
Akira Nishiyama, Abu Sufiun, Yoshihide Fujisawa, Asadur Rahman, Daisuke Nakano, Hirofumi Hitomi
OBJECTIVE: It has been indicated that non-dipper pattern of circadian rhythm of blood pressure (BP) is a great risk of cardiovascular disease, which is accompanied by impaired renal function and proteinuria. Here, we aimed to investigate the circadian rhythm of BP during the progression of renal injury in Dahl salt-sensitive (DSS) hypertensive rats. DESIGN AND METHOD: DSS rats were treated with a high salt diet (HS; 8% NaCl) for 10 weeks (n = 10). RESULTS: Before starting a HS diet, the difference in mean arterial pressure (MAP) between dark and light period was 6...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643008/os-19-06-change-of-blood-pressure-pattern-and-target-organ-damage-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-results-of-the-aprodite-2-study
#15
Ran-Hui Cha, Hajeong Lee, Jung Pyo Lee, Chun Soo Lim, Yon Su Kim, Sung Gyun Kim
OBJECTIVE: Blood pressure (BP) control is the most established practice for preventing the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). We examined the BP control and nocturnal dipping pattern change in hypertensive patients with CKD and its effects on target organ damages. DESIGN AND METHOD: We recruited 378 hypertensive CKD patients from 4 centers in Korea. They underwent office and ambulatory BP monitoring at the time of enrollment and 1 year after. High office and ambulatory BP was defined as > 140/90 mmHg and > 135/85 mmHg (daytime)/> 120/70 mmHg (nighttime), respectively...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636900/desoxycorticosterone-pivalate-salt-treatment-leads-to-non-dipping-hypertension-in-per1-knockout-mice
#16
K Solocinski, M Holzworth, X Wen, K-Y Cheng, I J Lynch, B D Cain, C S Wingo, M L Gumz
AIM: Increasing evidence demonstrates that circadian clock proteins are important regulators of physiological functions including blood pressure. An established risk factor for developing cardiovascular disease is the absence of a blood pressure dip during the inactive period. The goal of the present study was to determine the effects of a high salt diet plus mineralocorticoid on PER1-mediated blood pressure regulation in a salt-resistant, normotensive mouse model, C57BL/6J. METHODS: Blood pressure was measured using radiotelemetry...
September 16, 2016: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27538980/ambulatory-blood-pressure-monitoring-in-frequently-relapsing-nephrotic-syndrome
#17
Subhankar Sarkar, Aditi Sinha, Ramakrishnan Lakshmy, Anuja Agarwala, Anita Saxena, Pankaj Hari, Arvind Bagga
OBJECTIVES: To screen patients with frequently relapsing nephrotic syndrome (FRNS) for the presence of ambulatory hypertension and left ventricular hypertrophy. METHODS: Following ethical and parental approvals, consecutive patients with FRNS of ≥2 y duration were enrolled. Those with estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 ml/min/1.73 m(2) and known familial hypercholesterolemia or diabetes mellitus were excluded. Clinic blood pressure was measured by oscillometry and 24-h ambulatory blood pressure was recorded by Spacelab 90207; echocardiography was done for left ventricular mass...
August 19, 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27508727/-op-4d-08-disordered-sleep-breathing-sdb-is-the-major-determinant-of-non-dipping-and-nocturnal-hypertension-in-kidney-transplant-patients
#18
F Mallamaci, R Tripepi, M C Versace, F Provenzano, A Mafrica, C Torino, G D'Arrigo, D Leonardis, G Tripepi, C Zoccali
OBJECTIVE: In renal transplant patients, the prevalence of nocturnal hypertension by far exceeds that of hypertension as assessed by clinic, daytime, and average 24-hour ABPM and night-time systolic BP (SBP) and the night-day ratio but no other BP metrics are independently associated with IMT in this population (Transplantation 2015 Dec 17). BP during nighttime may provide information for the assessment of CV risk attributable to BP burden in renal transplant patients but the determinants of this phenomenon are still undefined in these patients...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27508622/-op-1a-04-24h-ambulatory-blood-pressure-monitoring-profile-in-parkinson-s-disease-with-autonomic-neuropathy
#19
V Milazzo, C Di Stefano, F Vallelonga, G Sobrero, A Milan, M Zibetti, M Sarchioto, A Romagnolo, L Lopiano, F Veglio, S Maule
OBJECTIVE: Patients with Autonomic Neuropathy (AN) are characterized by orthostatic hypotension (OH), supine hypertension, high blood pressure (BP) variability and reverse dipping pattern on 24 h Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring (24 h ABPM). AN is a common finding in Parkinson's disease (PD), and it is related to a higher motor impairment due to neurogenic OH. Aim of the study was the evaluation of the prevalence of AN and the assessment of the related 24 h ABPM profile in PD patients without known cardiovascular comorbidities...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27452327/relation-of-red-cell-distribution-width-with-dipper-and-non-dipper-hypertension
#20
Eyup Buyukkaya, Ali Erayman, Esra Karakas, Alper Bugra Nacar, Mustafa Kurt, Sule Buyukkaya, Adnan Burak Akcay, Nihat Sen
Aim Red cell distribution width (RDW), an index of erythrocyte size, is associated with high risk for cardiovascular disease. Nondipping hypertension (HT) is lack of nocturnal fall in blood pressure(BP). The association between RDW and non-dipping BP in normotensive and hypertensive patients was investigated. Methods A total of 170 patients were categorized into 4 groups: Normotensive-Dipper (NT-D), Normotensive-Non-dipper (NTND), Hypertensive-Dipper (HT-D) and Hypertensive-Non-dipper(HT-ND). RDW and hs-CRP levels were measured...
August 1, 2016: Medicinski Glasnik
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