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Cardio health

Johan A Snoek, Thijs M H Eijsvogels, Arnoud W J van 't Hof, Eva Prescott, Maria T Hopman, Evelien Kolkman, Ed P de Kluiver
INTRODUCTION: Although exercise therapy has the potential to improve health outcomes of patients with Chronic Heart Failure (CHF), less than 50% of patients adhere to prescribed physical activity guidelines one year after Cardiac Rehabilitation (CR). We aimed to assess the effects of an extended CR program with 12-months of Graded Exercise Therapy (GET) and resistance exercise training (RT) on exercise capacity and long-term survival in patients with CHF. METHODS: This prospective cohort study included sixty CHF patients between 2009 and 2010...
June 21, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Anne K Nitter, Karin Ø Forseth
Aabstract Introduction Chronic musculoskeletal pain represents a significant health problem among adults in Norway. The prevalence of chronic pain is reported to be 35-53% in cross sectional studies of both genders. For many years, it has been a common opinion among medical doctors that chronic pain may indeed reduce a person's quality of life, but not affect life expectancy. However, over the previous two decades, reports about mortality and cause of death in individuals with chronic pain have been published...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Rohith N Thota, Jessica J A Ferguson, Kylie A Abbott, Cintia B Dias, Manohar L Garg
Lower incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the Greenland Inuit, Northern Canada and Japan has been attributed to their consumption of seafood rich in long chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCn-3PUFA). While a large majority of pre-clinical and intervention trials have demonstrated heart health benefits of LCn-3PUFA, some studies have shown no effects or even negative effects. LCn-3PUFA have been shown to favourably modulate blood lipid levels, particularly a reduction in circulating levels of triglycerides...
June 15, 2018: Food & Function
Raymond Vanholder, Steven Van Laecke, Griet Glorieux, Francis Verbeke, Esmeralda Castillo-Rodriguez, Alberto Ortiz
The uremic syndrome, which is the clinical expression of chronic kidney disease (CKD), is a complex amalgam of accelerated aging and organ dysfunctions, whereby cardio-vascular disease plays a capital role. In this narrative review, we offer a summary of the current conservative (medical) treatment options for cardio-vascular and overall morbidity and mortality risk in CKD. Since the progression of CKD is also associated with a higher cardio-vascular risk, we summarize the interventions that may prevent the progression of CKD as well...
June 12, 2018: Toxins
Neeraj Ramakrishanan, Travis Denna, Sridevi Devaraj, Beverley Adams-Huet, Ishwarlal Jialal
BACKGROUND: Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) is a cardio-metabolic cluster that confers an increased risk of developing both diabetes and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). The mechanisms governing the increased ASCVD risk remains to be elucidated. Moreover, lipidomics poses as an exciting new tool that has potential to shed more light on the pathogenesis of MetS. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the lipidome in an unbiased fashion in patients with nascent MetS uncomplicated by diabetes and CVD...
May 25, 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Christian Sørensen Bork, Stine Krogh Venø, Søren Lundbye-Christensen, Marianne Uhre Jakobsen, Anne Tjønneland, Philip C Calder, Kim Overvad, Erik Berg Schmidt
BACKGROUND: The plant-derived omega-3 fatty acid alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) may reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVE: We have investigated associations between the content of ALA in adipose tissue and the risk of ischemic stroke and its subtypes. METHODS: Incident cases of ischemic stroke among participants enrolled into the Danish Diet, Cancer and Health cohort (n = 57,053) were identified by linkage with the Danish National Patient Register...
2018: PloS One
Hanen Ghazali, Mouna Gammoudi, Anware Yahmadi, Aymen Zoubli, Ahlem Azouzi, Sami Souissi
BACKGROUND: Acute coronary syndrome without persistent ST segment elevation (NSTE-ACS) is a major public health problem. It has been the subject of numerous studies but little has been published from the emergency department (ED). OBJECTIVE: Describe the epidemiology, clinical features, management and prognosis of patients with NSTE-ACS presenting to ED. METHODS: Prospective, observational, over four years study (2011-2015). INCLUSION CRITERIA: patients (> 18 years of age) presenting consecutively to ED with the diagnosis of NSTE-ACS...
December 2017: La Tunisie Médicale
Wolfgang Kemmler, Anja Weissenfels, Sebastian Willert, Mahdieh Shojaa, Simon von Stengel, Andre Filipovic, Heinz Kleinöder, Joshua Berger, Michael Fröhlich
Exercise positively affects most risk factors, diseases and disabling conditions of middle to advanced age, however the majority of middle-aged to older people fall short of the exercise doses recommended for positively affecting cardio-metabolic, musculoskeletal and neurophysiological fitness or disabling conditions. Whole-Body Electromyostimulation (WB-EMS) may be a promising exercise technology for people unable or unmotivated to exercise conventionally. However, until recently there has been a dearth of evidence with respect to WB-EMS-induced effects on health-related outcomes...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Bethan J Critchley, Mark Isalan, Michal Mielcarek
Although Huntington's disease is generally considered to be a neurological disorder, there is mounting evidence that heart malfunction plays an important role in disease progression. This is perhaps not unexpected since both cardiovascular and nervous systems are strongly connected - both developmentally and subsequently in health and disease. This connection occurs through a system of central and peripheral neurons that control cardiovascular performance, while in return the cardiovascular system works as a sensor for the nervous system to react to physiological events...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Bernard M F M Duvivier, Johanne E Bolijn, Annemarie Koster, Casper G Schalkwijk, Hans H C M Savelberg, Nicolaas C Schaper
Recent studies suggest that substituting sitting with light physical activity has beneficial metabolic effects, but it is unclear if this is associated with parallel changes in endothelial function. Data from three randomized cross-over studies were analyzed, in which 61 subjects (with normal weight, overweight and type 2 diabetes) followed different activity regimens (Sit, SitLess and/or Exercise) of four days each. Subjects were instructed to sit 14 h/day ('Sit'), to substitute 1 h/day of sitting with moderate-to-vigorous cycling ('Exercise') or to substitute 5-6 h/day sitting with light-intensity walking and standing ('SitLess')...
June 5, 2018: Scientific Reports
Sarah L Walton, Marc Q Mazzuca, Marianne Tare, Helena C Parkington, Mary E Wlodek, Karen M Moritz, Linda A Gallo
Inhibition of the renin-angiotensin system in early postnatal life is a potential therapeutic approach to prevent long-term cardiovascular and kidney diseases in individuals born small. We determined the long-term effects of juvenile losartan treatment on cardiovascular and kidney function in control male rat offspring and those exposed to uteroplacental insufficiency and born small. Bilateral uterine vessel ligation (Restricted) or sham (Control) surgery was performed in late gestation in Wistar Kyoto rats...
June 2, 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Billy Sperlich, Lea-Sofie Hahn, Antonia Edel, Tino Behr, Julian Helmprobst, Robert Leppich, Birgit Wallmann-Sperlich, Hans-Christer Holmberg
The present study was designed to assess the psycho-physiological responses of physically untrained individuals to mobile-based multi-stimulating, circuit-like, multiple-joint conditioning (CircuitHIIT ) performed either once (1xCircuitHIIT ) or twice (2xCircuitHIIT ) daily for 4 weeks. In this single-center, two-arm randomized, controlled study, 24 men and women (age: 25 ± 5 years) first received no training instructions for 4 weeks and then performed 4 weeks of either 1xCircuitHIIT or 2xCircuitHIIT (5 men and 7 women in each group) daily...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Roya Kelishadi, Mostafa Qorbani, Fatemeh Rezaei, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Shirin Djalalinia, Hasan Ziaodini, Majzoubeh Taheri, Fatemeh Ochi, Gita Shafiee, Tahereh Aminaei, Armita Mahdavi Gorabi, Ramin Heshmat
BACKGROUND: In the present study, the association of the cardio-metabolic risk factors and the status of single-child family were studied in a national representative sample of Iranian children and adolescents. METHODS: This cross sectional study was conducted as the fifth round of "Childhood and Adolescence Surveillance and PreventIon of Adult Non- communicable disease" surveys. The students' questionnaire was derived from the World Health Organization-Global School Student Health Survey...
June 4, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Pauline Mendola
This commentary reflects on a natural experiment reported by Casey and colleagues that tested the association between living near a coal or oil power plant and preterm birth. They found that retiring power plants resulted in a significant reduction in preterm birth with larger effects observed for late preterm birth and among Non-Hispanic Black mothers and infants. Natural experiments, in particular the Utah Valley steel mill closure, have played a prominent role in the evidence-base for air pollution regulation due to their demonstrated impact on cardio-pulmonary effects in adults...
May 16, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
Rozenn Nedelec, Jari Jokelainen, Jouko Miettunen, Aimo Ruokonen, Karl-Heinz Herzig, Minna Männikkö, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, Sylvain Sebert
BACKGROUND: A body of literature suggests a metabolically healthy phenotype in individuals with obesity. Despite important clinical implications, the early origins of metabolically healthy obesity (MHO) have received little attention. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of MHO among the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 (NFBC1966) at 31 years of age, examine its determinants in early life taking into account the sex specificity. METHODS: We studied 3205 term-born cohort participants with data available for cardio-metabolic health outcomes at 31 years, and longitudinal height and weight data...
May 24, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Dimitry Bazyka, Anatoly Prysyazhnyuk, Natalya Gudzenko, Iryna Dyagil, David Belyi, Vadim Chumak, Volodymyr Buzunov
This article summarizes the results of 30 y of follow-up of cancer and noncancer effects in Ukrainian cleanup workers after the Chornobyl accident. The number of power plant employees and first responders with acute radiation syndrome under follow-up by the National Research Center for Radiation Medicine decreased from 179 in 1986-1991 to 105 in 2011-2015. Cancers and leukemia (19) and cardiovascular diseases (21) were the main causes of deaths among acute radiation syndrome survivors (54) during the postaccident period...
July 2018: Health Physics
Karl Peltzer
BACKGROUND:  Little is known about the prevalence of non-communicable disease (NCD) multimorbidity among tuberculosis (TB) patients in Africa.Aim and setting: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of NCD multimorbidity, its pattern and impact on adverse health outcomes among patients with TB in public primary care in three selected districts of South Africa. METHODS:  In a cross-sectional survey, new TB and TB retreatment patients were interviewed, and medical records assessed in consecutive sampling within 1 month of anti-TB treatment...
April 11, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
Jia Song, Manjiang Hu, Cheng Li, Bo Yang, Qing Ding, Chunhong Wang, Limei Mao
n-3PUFA consumption has been widely accepted as a nutritional strategy for the secondary prevention of cardiovascular events in patients at high risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), but little is known about the dose-response relationship between dietary n-3PUFA and serum biomarkers associated with cardiovascular health in the general population. The present study involved a 12-week double-blind, randomized controlled trial to explore the effects of fish oil with different doses (0.31, 0.62 and 1.24 g d-1 of EPA and DHA) on serum fatty acids and cardio-metabolic biomarkers including adiponectin, inflammatory markers, lipid profiles and fasting glucose in healthy middle-aged and elderly Chinese people...
May 21, 2018: Food & Function
Rasha H Soliman, Mohammed I Oraby, Mohammed Fathy, Alaa M Essam
Background: Acute ischemic stroke is one of the major causes of disability and death worldwide. Effective prevention remains the best approach for reducing the burden of stroke. The aim of this work was to study the prevalence of stroke risk factors and the possible relation between such risk factors and the disease severity at presentation in a sample of stroke patients presented to Beni-Suef University Hospital, north Upper Egypt. Methods: A sample of 167 patients of acute ischemic stroke recruited from Beni-Suef University Hospital was included in this cross-sectional descriptive study...
2018: The Egyptian journal of neurology, psychiatry and neurosurgery
Hyo Eun Park, Heesun Lee, Su-Yeon Choi, Min-Sun Kwak, Jong In Yang, Jeong Yoon Yim, Goh Eun Chung
BACKGROUND: Liver fibroscan has recently been suggested as an alternative method to measure liver steatosis noninvasively. In this study, we evaluated usefulness of controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) for detecting increased arterial stiffness in general population. METHODS: A total of 515 asymptomatic patients without potential cause of liver disease who had liver fibroscan and cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) during their health check-up exams were included...
May 4, 2018: Digestive and Liver Disease
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