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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239481/effectiveness-of-workers-general-health-examination-in-korea-by-health-examination-period-and-compliance-retrospective-cohort-study-using-nationwide-data
#1
Huisu Eom, Jun-Pyo Myong, Eun-A Kim, Bohwa Choi, Soon Woo Park, Young Joong Kang
BACKGROUND: Our study evaluated the effectiveness of the Workers' General Health Examination by health examination period and compliance. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of the health examination participants in 2006 (baseline year: N = 6,527,045) was used. We identified newly occurring cardio-cerebrovascular disease over 7 years (from 2007 to 2013). After stratification by age, sex, and national health insurance type, we identified 7 years' cumulative incidence of cardio-cerebrovascular disease by health examination compliance and estimated its relative risk by health examination period and compliance...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239402/high-cholesterol-diet-does-not-alter-gut-microbiota-composition-in-mice
#2
Lidiya G Dimova, Nikola Zlatkov, Henkjan J Verkade, Bernt Eric Uhlin, Uwe J F Tietge
INTRODUCTION: Western diet containing both saturated fat and cholesterol impairs cardio-metabolic health partly by modulating diversity and function of the microbiota. While diet containing only high fat has comparable effects, it is unclear how diets only enriched in cholesterol impact the microbiota. Therefore, we aimed to characterize the response of host and microbiota to a high cholesterol (HC) diet in mice susceptible to cardio-metabolic disease. METHODS: LDLR knockout mice received either 1...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227820/evaluating-respiratory-muscle-activity-using-a-wireless-sensor-platform
#3
Luis Estrada, Abel Torres, Leonardo Sarlabous, Raimon Jane, Luis Estrada, Abel Torres, Leonardo Sarlabous, Raimon Jane, Raimon Jane, Luis Estrada, Leonardo Sarlabous, Abel Torres
Wireless sensors are an emerging technology that allows to assist physicians in the monitoring of patients health status. This approach can be used for the non-invasive recording of the electrical respiratory muscle activity of the diaphragm (EMGdi). In this work, we acquired the EMGdi signal of a healthy subject performing an inspiratory load test. To this end, the EMGdi activity was captured from a single channel of electromyography using a wireless platform which was compared with the EMGdi and the inspiratory mouth pressure (Pmouth) recorded with a conventional lab equipment...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224294/cardio-metabolic-risk-factors-in-youth-with-classical-21-hydroxylase-deficiency
#4
Kansuda Ariyawatkul, Supatporn Tepmongkol, Suphab Aroonparkmongkol, Taninee Sahakitrungruang
: Patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) appear to have adverse cardiovascular risk profile and other long-term health problems in adult life, but there are limited data in young CAH patients. We aim to evaluate the cardio-metabolic risk factors in adolescents and young adults with classical 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21-OHD). We performed a cross-sectional study of 21 patients (17 females) with classic CAH detected clinically and not through newborn screening, aged 15.2 ± 5...
February 21, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211649/insufficient-sleep-in-adolescents-causes-and-consequences
#5
Judith A Owens, Miriam R Weiss
Insufficient sleep poses an important and complicated set of health risks in the adolescent population. Not only is deficient sleep (defined as both sleep duration inadequate to meet sleep needs and sleep timing misaligned with the body's circadian rhythms) at epidemic levels in this population, but the contributing factors are both complex and numerous and there are a myriad of negative physical and mental health, safety and performance consequences. Causes of inadequate sleep identified in this population include internal biological processes such as the normal shift (delay) in circadian rhythm that occurs in association with puberty and a developmentally-based slowing of the "sleep drive", and external factors including extracurricular activities, excessive homework load, evening use of electronic media, caffeine intake and early school start times...
February 17, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210619/a-useful-tool-as-a-medical-checkup-in-a-general-population-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis
#6
Mika Enomoto, Hisashi Adachi, Ako Fukami, Eita Kumagai, Sachiko Nakamura, Yume Nohara, Shoko Kono, Erika Nakao, Nagisa Morikawa, Tomoko Tsuru, Akiko Sakaue, Yoshihiro Fukumoto
Accumulation of visceral fat leads to metabolic syndrome and increases risks of cerebro-cardiovascular diseases, which should be recognized and improved at the early stage in general population. Accurate measurement of visceral fat area (VFA) is commonly performed by the abdominal cross-sectional image measured by computed tomography scan, which is, however, limited due to the radiation exposure. The bioelectrical impedance analysis (OMRON, HDS-2000 DUALSCAN(R)) has been recently developed to measure VFA, which is more easily accessible modality...
2017: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195990/improvements-in-health-related-quality-of-life-cardio-metabolic-health-and-fitness-in-postmenopausal-women-after-a-supervised-multicomponent-adapted-exercise-program-in-a-suited-health-promotion-intervention-a-multigroup-study
#7
Débora Godoy-Izquierdo, Nicolás Mendoza Ladrón de Guevara, Mercedes Vélez Toral, Carlos de Teresa Galván, Alberto Salamanca Ballesteros, Juan F Godoy García
OBJECTIVES: This study explored the multidimensional outcomes that resulted from the adherence to regular exercise among previously sedentary postmenopausal women. The exercise was managed through a supervised, multicomponent, adapted approximately 20-week program in a suited health promotion intervention. METHODS: A multigroup, mixed-design study with between-group (intervention, sedentary, and active women) and within-subject measures (baseline, postintervention, and 3- and 12-month follow-ups) was conducted using intention-to-treat methodology...
February 13, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194159/role-of-ucp1-gene-variants-in-interethnic-differences-in-the-development-of-cardio-metabolic-diseases
#8
Andreas D Flouris, Yulii V Shidlovskii, Alexander V Shaposhnikov, Levon Yepiskoposyan, Liliya Nadolnik, Lidia Karabon, Anna Kowalska, Andres E Carrillo, George S Metsios, Paraskevi Sakellariou
Cardio-metabolic diseases (CMDs) comprise a cluster of risk factors that contribute to chronic pathological conditions with adverse consequences for cardiovascular function and metabolic processes. A wide range of CMD prevalence rates among different ethnic groups has been documented. In view of accumulated evidence, there is a trend toward increasing CMD prevalence rates in Eastern Europe and Western Asia. Numerous studies have revealed an association between uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) gene variants and CMDs...
2017: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182778/epidemiology-of-multimorbidity-within-the-brazilian-adult-general-population-evidence-from-the-2013-national-health-survey-pns-2013
#9
Magdalena Rzewuska, João Mazzoncini de Azevedo-Marques, Domenica Coxon, Maria Lúcia Zanetti, Ana Carolina Guidorizzi Zanetti, Laercio Joel Franco, Jair Lício Ferreira Santos
Middle-income countries are facing a growing challenge of adequate health care provision for people with multimorbidity. The objectives of this study were to explore the distribution of multimorbidity and to identify patterns of multimorbidity in the Brazilian general adult population. Data from 60202 adults, aged ≥18 years that completed the individual questionnaire of the National Health Survey 2013 (Portuguese: "Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde"-"PNS") was used. We defined multimorbidity as the presence of two or more chronic conditions, including self-reported diagnoses and responses to the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire for depression...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178934/the-prevalence-and-incidence-of-frailty-in-pre-diabetic-and-diabetic-community-dwelling-older-population-results-from-beijing-longitudinal-study-of-aging-ii-blsa-ii
#10
Jagadish Kumar Chhetri, Zheng Zheng, Xitong Xu, Cuihong Ma, Piu Chan
BACKGROUND: Various factors including cardio-metabolic disorders are found to be correlated with frailty. With the increase in age, older adults are likely to have elevated blood glucose level. In this study we intend to investigate the prevalence and incidence of frailty in the pre-diabetic and diabetic community dwelling elderly population and the associated risk factors. METHODS: At baseline total of 10,039 subjects with a mean age of 70.51 (±7.82) were included...
February 8, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177677/mtorc1-inhibitors-rapamycin-and-metformin-affect-cardiovascular-markers-differentially-in-zdf-rats
#11
Ravi Nistala, Ahmad Raja, Lakshmi Pulakat
Mammalian target for rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) is a common target for the action of immunosuppressant macrolide rapamycin and glucose lowering metformin. Inhibition of mTORC1 can exert both beneficial and detrimental effects in different pathologies. Here we investigated the differential effects of rapamycin (1.2mg/kg/day delivered subcutaneously for six weeks) and metformin (300mg/kg/day delivered orally for 11 weeks) treatments on male Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rats that mimic the cardio-renal pathology of T2DM patients and progress to insulin insufficiency...
January 4, 2017: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171855/prognostic-value-of-the-delivery-dialysis-dose-on-twice-weekly-hemodialysis-patients
#12
Qichen Fan, Yucheng Yan, Leyi Gu, Liqun He, Nan Chen, Gengru Jiang, Li Yuan, Jun Xue, Yun Zhang, Jun Ma, Huimin Jin, Weijie Yuan, Zhiyong Guo, Lili Guo, Niansong Wang, Wei Zhang, Zhibin Ye, Peiju Mao, Xiaoling Pi, Renhua Lu, Mingli Zhu, Weiming Zhang, Zhaohui Ni, Jiaqi Qian, Huihua Pang
BACKGROUND: Few studies have evaluated the prognostic value of dialysis dose in twice-weekly hemodialysis (HD). A single-pool Kt/V (spKt/V) over 1.70 may benefit patients receiving twice-weekly maintenance HD. METHODS: This is a multicenter randomized controlled trial performed on 163 patients from 17 dialysis centers in Shanghai who were allocated to high- (n = 98) and standard-dose groups (n = 65) and followed through 96 weeks of study period. Therapeutic approaches were given to increase spKt/V to over 1...
February 8, 2017: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169553/improvements-in-health-related-quality-of-life-cardio-metabolic-health-and-fitness-in-postmenopausal-women-after-an-exercise-plus-health-promotion-intervention-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Mercedes Vélez Toral, Débora Godoy-Izquierdo, Nicolás Mendoza Ladrón de Guevara, Carlos de Teresa Galván, Alberto Salamanca Ballesteros, Juan F Godoy García
BACKGROUND: This study explored multidimensional outcomes that were derived from the adherence to regular exercise among previously sedentary postmenopausal 45-64 years old women who engaged in a ~20-week exercise programme. METHODS: A RCT with between-group (intervention and control women) and within-subject measures (baseline, postintervention and 3-month and 12-month follow-ups) wasconducted. HRQoL and several indicators of cardio-metabolic status and fitness were assessed...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122625/patterns-of-sitting-and-mortality-in-the-nord-tr%C3%A3-ndelag-health-study-hunt
#14
Anne C Grunseit, Josephine Y Chau, Vegar Rangul, Turid Lingaas Holmen, Adrian Bauman
BACKGROUND: Current evidence concerning sedentary behaviour and mortality risk has used single time point assessments of sitting. Little is known about how changes in sitting levels over time affect subsequent mortality risk. AIM: To examine the associations between patterns of sitting time assessed at two time points 11 years apart and risk of all-cause and cardio-metabolic disease mortality. METHODS: Participants were 25,651 adults aged > =20 years old from the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study with self-reported total sitting time in 1995-1997 (HUNT2) and 2006-2008 (HUNT3)...
January 26, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119886/influence-to-high-intensity-intermittent-and-moderate-intensity-continuous-exercise-on-indices-of-cardio-inflammatory-health-in-men
#15
Carolina C Santos, Tiego A Diniz, Daniela S Inoue, José Gerosa-Neto, Valéria L G Panissa, Gustavo Duarte Pimentel, Eduardo Z Campos, Peter Hofmann, Fábio S Lira
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence to acute exercises performed in different intensities with volume equalized (5 km) on indices of cardio-inflammatory health. Twelve physically active male subjects (age, 23.22±5.47 years; height, 174.75±5.80 m; weight, 75.13±6.61 kg; maximal oxygen uptake, 52.92 mL/kg/min), after determination of peak oxygen uptake (VO2Peak) and the speed associated with VO2Peak (sVO2Peak), completed two randomly experimental trials: high-intensity intermittent exercise (HIIE: 1:1 at 100% sVO2Peak) and moderate-intensity continuous exercise (MICE: 70% sVO2Peak)...
December 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107484/resveratrol-co-treatment-attenuates-the-effects-of-hiv-protease-inhibitors-on-rat-body-weight-and-enhances-cardiac-mitochondrial-respiration
#16
Burger Symington, Rudo F Mapanga, Gavin R Norton, M Faadiel Essop
Since the early 1990s human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) emerged as a global health pandemic, with sub-Saharan Africa the hardest hit. While the successful roll-out of antiretroviral (ARV) therapy provided significant relief to HIV-positive individuals, such treatment can also elicit damaging side-effects. Here especially HIV protease inhibitors (PIs) are implicated in the onset of cardio-metabolic complications such as type-2 diabetes and coronary heart disease. As there is a paucity of data regarding suitable co-treatments within this context, this preclinical study investigated whether resveratrol (RSV), aspirin (ASP) or vitamin C (VitC) co-treatment is able to blunt side-effects in a rat model of chronic PI exposure (Lopinavir/Ritonavir treatment for 4 months)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101117/maternal-mortality-ratio-and-causes-of-death-in-iri-between-2009-and-2012
#17
Marzieh Vahiddastjerdy, Nasrin Changizi, Abas Habibollahi, Leila Janani, Zahra Farahani, Farah Babaee
Objective: The Maternal Mortality Ratio is an important health indicator. We presented the distribution and causes of maternal mortality in Islamic Republic of Iran. Materials and methods: After provision of an electronic Registry system for date entry, a descriptive-retrospective data collection had been performed for all maternal Deaths in March 2009- March 2012. All maternal deaths and their demographic characteristic were identified by using medical registries, death certificates, and relevant codes according to International Classification of Diseases (ICD-9) during pregnancy, labor, and 42 days after parturition...
September 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068991/multiple-lifestyle-behaviours-and-mortality-findings-from-a-large-population-based-norwegian-cohort-study%C3%A2-the-hunt-study
#18
Steinar Krokstad, Ding Ding, Anne C Grunseit, Erik R Sund, Turid Lingaas Holmen, Vegar Rangul, Adrian Bauman
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle risk behaviours are responsible for a large proportion of disease burden and premature mortality worldwide. Risk behaviours tend to cluster in populations. We developed a new lifestyle risk index by including emerging risk factors (sleep, sitting time, and social participation) and examine unique risk combinations and their associations with all-cause and cardio-metabolic mortality. METHODS: Data are from a large population-based cohort study in a Norway, the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT), with an average follow-up time of 14...
January 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057511/principles-and-strategies-for-improving-the-prevention-of-cardio-metabolic-diseases-in-indigenous-populations-an-international-delphi-study
#19
Lee Stoner, Anna G Matheson, Lane G Perry, Michelle A Williams, Alexandra McManus, Maureen Holdaway, Lyn Dimer, Jennie R Joe, Andrew Maiorana
The disparity in life expectancy between Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations, including within high-income countries, is driven by a heightened risk of cardio-metabolic diseases. The current study recruited independent panels of experts in Indigenous cardio-metabolic health from Australia, New Zealand and the United States, in order to establish local consensus opinion and initiate dialogue on appropriate prevention strategies. Therefore, a three-round Delphi process was used to consolidate and compare the opinions of 60 experts, 20 from each country...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051899/serious-games-for-health-the-potential-of-metadata
#20
Stefan Göbel, Ralph Maddison
OBJECTIVE: Numerous serious games and health games exist, either as commercial products (typically with a focus on entertaining a broad user group) or smaller games and game prototypes, often resulting from research projects (typically tailored to a smaller user group with a specific health characteristic). A major drawback of existing health games is that they are not very well described and attributed with (machine-readable, quantitative, and qualitative) metadata such as the characterizing goal of the game, the target user group, or expected health effects well proven in scientific studies...
February 2017: Games for Health
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