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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445982/serum-uric-acid-level-as-a-cardio-cerebrovascular-event-risk-factor-in-middle-aged-and-non-obese-chinese-men
#1
Zhi-Jun Li, Chen-Ju Yi, Jing Li, Na Tang
AIM: The role of uric acid as a risk factor for cardio-cerebrovascular diseases is controversial. In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between serum uric acid level and the risk of cardio-cerebrovascular events in middle-aged and non-obese Chinese men. METHODS: We included 3152 participants from the health examination center of Tongji Hospital from June 2007 to June 2010. Clinical examination and medical records were collected at the annual health examination...
April 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432370/the-threshold-temperature-and-lag-effects-on-daily-excess-mortality-in-harbin-china-a-time-series-analysis
#2
Hanlu Gao, Li Lan, Chao Yang, Jian Wang, Yashuang Zhao
BACKGROUND: A large number of studies have reported the relationship between ambient temperature and mortality. However, few studies have focused on the effects of high temperatures on cardio-cerebrovascular diseases mortality (CCVDM) and their acute events (ACCVDM). OBJECTIVE: To assess the threshold temperature and time lag effects on daily excess mortality in Harbin, China. METHODS: A generalized additive model (GAM) with a Poisson distribution was used to investigate the relative risk of mortality for each 1 °C increase above the threshold temperature and their time lag effects in Harbin, China...
April 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427839/the-prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-among-older-adults-in-ecuador-results-of-the-sabe-survey
#3
Carlos H Orces, Enrique Lopez Gavilanez
AIMS: To describe the prevalence of metabolic syndrome among older adults in Ecuador. A secondary objective was to examine the relationship between metabolic syndrome and its components and insulin resistance among non-diabetic participants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The National Survey of Health, Wellbeing, and Aging survey was used to examine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome according to demographic, behavioral, and health characteristics of the participants...
April 11, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425056/ischemic-heart-disease-special-considerations-in-cardio-oncology
#4
REVIEW
Dana Elena Giza, Fernando Boccalandro, Juan Lopez-Mattei, Gloria Iliescu, Kaveh Karimzad, Peter Kim, Cezar Iliescu
The interplay and balance between the competing morbidity and mortality of cardiovascular diseases and cancer have a significant impact on both short- and long-term health outcomes of patients who survived cancer or are being treated for cancer. Ischemic heart disease in patients with cancer or caused by cancer therapy is a clinical problem of emerging importance. Prompt recognition and optimum management of ischemic heart disease mean that patients with cancer can successfully receive therapies to treat their malignancy and reduce morbidity and mortality due to cardiovascular disease...
May 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422572/effect-of-comprehensive-school-physical-activity-programming-on-cardio-metabolic-health-markers-in-children-from-low-income-schools
#5
Ryan D Burns, Timothy A Brusseau, James C Hannon
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a 36-week Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program on cardio-metabolic health markers in children from low-income schools. METHODS: Participants were 217 school-aged children (Mean age = 10.1 ± 1.1 years; 114 girls, 103 boys) recruited from five low-income elementary schools. Cardio-metabolic health markers were collected in a fasted state at two time-points, before commencement of the Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program and again before the conclusion of the academic school year...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420999/functional-high-intensity-circuit-training-improves-body-composition-peak-oxygen-uptake-strength-and-alters-certain-dimensions-of-quality-of-life-in-overweight-women
#6
Billy Sperlich, Birgit Wallmann-Sperlich, Christoph Zinner, Valerie Von Stauffenberg, Helena Losert, Hans-Christer Holmberg
The effects of circuit-like functional high-intensity training (CircuitHIIT) alone or in combination with high-volume low-intensity exercise (Circuitcombined) on selected cardio-respiratory and metabolic parameters, body composition, functional strength and the quality of life of overweight women were compared. In this single-center, two-armed randomized, controlled study, overweight women performed 9-weeks (3 sessions·wk(-1)) of either CircuitHIIT (n = 11), or Circuitcombined (n = 8). Peak oxygen uptake and perception of physical pain were increased to a greater extent (p < 0...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420579/clustering-of-cardio-metabolic-risk-factors-in-iranian-adult-population-a-growing-problem-in-the-north-of-iran
#7
K Hajian-Tilaki, B Heidari, A R Firouzjahi
INTRODUCTION: The clustering of components of metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a major concern in a transition population because of dramatic changing toward modern life styles. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of clustering of various combinations of MetS and its association with obesity. METHODS AND SUBJECTS: In a population- based cross-sectional study, a representative samples of 1000 adults were recruited in Babol, the north of Iran. The demographic data, blood pressure, body mass index and waist circumference (WC) were measured with standard method...
March 6, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419972/neprilysin-inhibitors-a-new-hope-to-halt-the-diabetic-cardiovascular-and-renal-complications
#8
REVIEW
Vajir Malek, Anil Bhanudas Gaikwad
Diabetes is an enormous and ever-growing calamity and a global public health threat of the 21st century. Besides insulin and oral hypoglycaemic drugs, blockage of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) denotes a key pharmacotherapy for the management of cardiovascular (CVD) and chronic kidney diseases (CKD), which are the leading causes of disability and death among diabetic patients. Neprilysin (NEP) inhibition, auxiliary to RAS blockage increases the bioavailability of natriuretic peptides and benefits the cardio-renal system...
April 15, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419544/adults-born-preterm-a-review-of-general-health-and-system-specific-outcomes
#9
REVIEW
Tonse N K Raju, Sonia Buist, Carol J Blaisdell, Marva Moxey-Mims, Saroj Saigal
In this review of 126 publications, we report that an overwhelming majority of adults born at preterm gestations remain healthy and well. However, a small, but a significant fraction of them remain at higher risk for neurological, personality and behavioral abnormalities, cardio-pulmonary functional limitations, systemic hypertension, and metabolic syndrome compared to their term-born counterparts. The magnitude of increased risk differed across organ systems, and varied across reports. The risks were proportional to the degree of prematurity at birth and seemed to occur more frequently among preterm infants born in the final two decades of the 20(th) century and later...
April 17, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412688/clinical-research-of-treating-tuberculous-respiratory-failure-by-sequential-mechanical-ventilation
#10
Chengqun Ge, Tao Zhang, Houcui Fan
Tuberculosis is kind of common chronic infectious disease, of which the pathogenic bacterium is mainly Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB). One who is suffering severe tuberculosis may be ended with cardio-pulmonary function damage or cardio-pulmonary failure. This disease is of higher risks of complications or even high death rate, which is seriously challenging people's health and life. When a tuberculosis patient is accompanied with respiratory failure, which means the disease has developed into the late stage, on this occasion the optimal treatment program is to use mechanical ventilation to improve the respiratory failure condition...
November 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411064/health-benefits-of-a-reduction-of-pm10-and-no2-exposure-after-implementing-a-clean-air-plan-in-the-agglomeration-lausanne-morges
#11
Alberto Castro, Nino Künzli, Thomas Götschi
Exposure to urban air pollution has been associated with adverse effects on cardio-vascular and respiratory health, both short and long term. Consequently, governments have applied policies to reduce air pollution. Quantitative health impact assessments of hypothetic changes in air pollution have been conducted at national and global level, but assessments of observed air pollution changes associated with specific clean air policies at a local or regional scale remain scarce. This study estimates health impacts attributable to a decrease in PM10 and NO2 exposure in the Agglomeration of Lausanne-Morges (ALM), Switzerland, between 2005 and 2015, corresponding to the implementation period of a supra-municipal plan of measures to reduce air pollution in different sectors such as transport, energy, and industry (called Plan OPair 05)...
April 5, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409534/bifidobacterium-animalis-subsp-lactis-420-mitigates-the-pathological-impact-of-myocardial-infarction-in-the-mouse
#12
C A Danilo, E Constantopoulos, L A McKee, H Chen, J A Regan, Y Lipovka, S Lahtinen, L K Stenman, T-V V Nguyen, K P Doyle, M J Slepian, Z I Khalpey, J P Konhilas
There is a growing appreciation that our microbial environment in the gut plays a critical role in the maintenance of health and the pathogenesis of disease. Probiotic, beneficial gut microbes, administration can directly attenuate cardiac injury and post-myocardial infarction (MI) remodelling, yet the mechanisms of cardioprotection are unknown. We hypothesised that administration of Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis 420 (B420), a probiotic with known anti-inflammatory properties, to mice will mitigate the pathological impact of MI, and that anti-inflammatory T regulatory (Treg) immune cells are necessary to impart protection against MI as a result of B420 administration...
April 14, 2017: Beneficial Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409087/favourable-outcomes-of-a-preventive-screening-and-counselling-programme-for-older-people-in-underprivileged-areas-in-the-netherlands-the-primus-project
#13
D J Annemarie van Dijk, Matty R Crone, Pepijn van Empelen, Willem J Assendelft, Barend J Middelkoop
An aging population is associated with an increased prevalence of diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and depression. Important aspects of programmes targeted at older people are: to reach those at risk, effective screening, optimising advice, and referral to local interventions. We examined the effect of a preventive health consultation (PRIMUS), a multi-behavioural screening programme for persons aged 55-74 years in primary care. In a multi-centre randomised controlled trial, the effects of participating in the PRIMUS intervention were compared to a comparison group receiving personalised summaries and advice by postal mail, both preceded by a health risk assessment via a questionnaire...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399838/association-of-nutrition-club-membership-with-markers-of-health-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Sai Krupa Das, Taylor A Vail, Namibia Lebrón-Torres, Kara A Livingston, Susan B Roberts, Gail T Rogers, Cheryl H Gilhooly, Lorien E Urban, Edward Saltzman, Nicola M McKeown, Sara C Folta
BACKGROUND: Nutrition clubs (NC) operate in community settings and provide members with nutrition education and meal replacements for weight management. NC are owned and operated by distributors of Herbalife products. There are over 6200 NC in the US, but there has been no independent assessment of the association of these NC with biomarkers of health. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional pilot study to compare the health status of 100 NC members to 100 community-matched controls (CC) in the greater Boston area...
April 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398073/the-link-between-reduced-inspiratory-capacity-and-exercise-intolerance-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#15
Denis E O'Donnell, Amany F Elbehairy, Katherine A Webb, J Alberto Neder
Low inspiratory capacity (IC), chronic dyspnea and reduced exercise capacity are inextricably linked and are independent predictors of increased mortality in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It is no surprise, therefore, that a major goal of management is to improve IC by reducing lung hyperinflation in order to improve respiratory symptoms and health-related quality of life. The negative effects of lung hyperinflation on respiratory muscle and cardio-circulatory function during exercise are now well established...
April 11, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396702/interaction-between-prenatal-pesticide-exposure-and-a-common-polymorphism-in-the-pon1-gene-on-dna-methylation-in-genes-associated-with-cardio-metabolic-disease-risk-an-exploratory%C3%A2-study
#16
Ken Declerck, Sylvie Remy, Christine Wohlfahrt-Veje, Katharina M Main, Guy Van Camp, Greet Schoeters, Wim Vanden Berghe, Helle R Andersen
BACKGROUND: Prenatal environmental conditions may influence disease risk in later life. We previously found a gene-environment interaction between the paraoxonase 1 (PON1) Q192R genotype and prenatal pesticide exposure leading to an adverse cardio-metabolic risk profile at school age. However, the molecular mechanisms involved have not yet been resolved. It was hypothesized that epigenetics might be involved. The aim of the present study was therefore to investigate whether DNA methylation patterns in blood cells were related to prenatal pesticide exposure level, PON1 Q192R genotype, and associated metabolic effects observed in the children...
2017: Clinical Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394280/acute-pre-post-treatment-with-8th-day-sod-like-supreme-a-free-radical-scavenging-health-product-protects-against-oxidant-induced-injury-in-cultured-cardiomyocytes-and-hepatocytes-in-vitro-as-well-as-in-mouse-myocardium-and-liver-in-vivo
#17
Pou Kuan Leong, Jihang Chen, Wing Man Chan, Hoi Yan Leung, Lincoln Chan, Kam Ming Ko
8th Day superoxide dismutase (SOD)-Like Supreme (SOD-Like Supreme, a free radical scavenging health product) is an antioxidant-enriched fermentation preparation with free radical scavenging properties. In the present study, the cellular/tissue protective actions of SOD-Like Supreme against menadione toxicity in cultured H9c2 cardiomyocytes and in AML12 hepatocytes as well as oxidant-induced injury in the mouse myocardium and liver were investigated. SOD-Like Supreme was found to possess potent free radical scavenging activity in vitro as assessed by an oxygen radical absorbance capacity assay...
April 10, 2017: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381440/weekday-variation-in-triglyceride-concentrations-in-1-8-million-blood-samples
#18
Joern Jaskolowski, Christian Ritz, Anders Sjodin, Arne Astrup, Pal B Szecsi, Steen Stender, Mads F Hjorth
BACKGROUND: Triglyceride (TG) concentration is used as a marker of cardio-metabolic risk. However, diurnal and possibly weekday variation exists in TG concentrations. OBJECTIVE: To investigate weekday variation in TG concentrations among 1.8 million blood samples drawn between 2008 and 2015 from patients in the Capital region of Denmark. DESIGN: Plasma TG was extracted from a central clinical laboratory information system. Weekday variation was investigated by means of linear mixed models...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Lipid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376642/cardiovascular-sequel-of-neck-irradiation-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients
#19
Manish Goyal, Pragya Shukla, Deepak Gupta, Shyam Bisht, Nar Singh Verma, Sunita Tiwari, Madan Lal Bhatt
PURPOSE: Introduction: The baroreflex is an important afferent mechanism controlling autonomic functions. As afferent nerves course through the neck, they are susceptible to damage by neck irradiation in the head and neck cancer patients. With increased survival of head and neck cancer patients because of improved therapy, the cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in them have become apparent and is of clinical concern. There are few case reports of baroreflex failure as a chronic sequel to neck irradiation...
April 5, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369475/national-trends-and-variability-in-blood-utilization-in-paediatric-cardiac-surgery
#20
Mohsen Karimi, Jill M Sullivan, Trudy Lerer, Carla Hronek
OBJECTIVES: Red blood cell transfusion is a common practice in paediatric cardiac surgery. Transfusion of red blood cells has been shown to be associated with an increase in morbidity in paediatric patients undergoing cardiac surgery. There is a huge variability in the practice of blood utilization within and across different practices. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the current variability and the trends over the past decade in blood usage among children's hospitals performing paediatric cardiac surgery...
March 28, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
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