keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cardio health

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646785/higher-cardio-respiratory-fitness-is-associated-with-increased-mental-and-physical-quality-of-life-in-people-with-bipolar-disorder-a-controlled-pilot-study
#1
Davy Vancampfort, Noemi Hagemann, Sabine Wyckaert, Simon Rosenbaum, Brendon Stubbs, Joseph Firth, Felipe B Schuch, Michel Probst, Pascal Sienaert
The aim of this study was to investigate whether cardiorespiratory fitness among outpatients with bipolar disorder is associated with health related quality of life (HRQL) and explore differences versus healthy controls. Outpatients with bipolar disorder and healthy controls matched for age, sex and body mass index completed the 36-item Short Form Health Survey, the Positive-and-Negative-Affect-Schedule (PANAS), a maximal cardiorespiratory fitness test, and wore a Sensewear Armband to measure physical activity and sedentary behavior for eight days...
June 19, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637722/cross-sectional-surveillance-study-to-phenotype-lorry-drivers-sedentary-behaviours-physical-activity-and-cardio-metabolic-health
#2
Veronica Varela-Mato, Orlagh O'Shea, James A King, Thomas Yates, David J Stensel, Stuart Jh Biddle, Myra A Nimmo, Stacy A Clemes
OBJECTIVES: Elevated risk factors for a number of chronic diseases have been identified in lorry drivers. Unhealthy lifestyle behaviours such as a lack of physical activity (PA) and high levels of sedentary behaviour (sitting) likely contribute to this elevated risk. This study behaviourally phenotyped UK lorry drivers' sedentary and non-sedentary behaviours during workdays and non-workdays and examined markers of drivers cardio-metabolic health. SETTING: A transport company from the East Midlands, UK...
June 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629704/relationship-between-8-year-weight-change-body-size-and-health-in%C3%A2-a%C3%A2-large-cohort-of-adults-in-thailand
#3
Vasoontara Yiengprugsawan, Wimalin Rimpeekool, Keren Papier, Cathy Banwell, Sam-Ang Seubsman, Adrian C Sleigh
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity have been shown to be risk factors for a range of non-communicable diseases, especially cardio-metabolic conditions, worldwide. But less is known about the effects of weight change on adults' overall health and wellbeing, particularly in transitional low- and middle-income countries. This study aimed to assess the relationship between 8-year weight change and measures of self-assessed health among Thai adults. METHODS: Data were collected from Thai adults aged 25-40 years (n = 27,003) enrolled in the Thai cohort Study and surveyed in 2005, 2009, and 2013...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629419/effect-of-beta-blockers-on-exacerbation-rate-and-lung-function-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd
#4
Sean Duffy, Robert Marron, Helen Voelker, Richard Albert, John Connett, William Bailey, Richard Casaburi, J Allen Cooper, Jeffrey L Curtis, Mark Dransfield, MeiLan K Han, Barry Make, Nathaniel Marchetti, Fernando Martinez, Stephen Lazarus, Dennis Niewoehner, Paul D Scanlon, Frank Sciurba, Steven Scharf, Robert M Reed, George Washko, Prescott Woodruff, Charlene McEvoy, Shawn Aaron, Don Sin, Gerard J Criner
BACKGROUND: Beta-blockers are commonly prescribed for patients with cardiovascular disease. Providers have been wary of treating chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with beta-blockers due to concern for bronchospasm, but retrospective studies have shown that cardio-selective beta-blockers are safe in COPD and possibly beneficial. However, these benefits may reflect symptom improvements due to the cardiac effects of the medication. The purpose of this study is to evaluate associations between beta-blocker use and both exacerbation rates and longitudinal measures of lung function in two well-characterized COPD cohorts...
June 19, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628045/cardio-respiratory-effects-of-air-pollution-in-a-panel-study-of-outdoor-physical-activity-and-health-in-rural-older-adults
#5
David M Stieb, Robin Shutt, Lisa Kauri, Sarah Mason, Li Chen, Mieczyslaw Szyszkowicz, Nina A Dobbin, Marc Rigden, Branka Jovic, Marie Mulholland, Martin S Green, Ling Liu, Guillaume Pelletier, Scott A Weichenthal, Robert E Dales, Isaac Luginaah
OBJECTIVE: To examine cardio-respiratory effects of air pollution in rural older adults exercising outdoors. METHODS: Adults 55 and over completed measurements of blood pressure, peak expiratory flow and oximetry daily, and of heart rate variability, endothelial function, spirometry, fraction of exhaled nitric oxide and urinary oxidative stress markers weekly, before and after outdoor exercise, for 10 weeks. Data were analyzed using linear mixed effect models. RESULTS: Pooled estimates combining 2013 (n = 36 participants) and 2014 (n = 41) indicated that an interquartile increase in the air quality health index (AQHI) was associated with a significant (P < 0...
April 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621751/geographic-variations-in-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-luxembourg
#6
Ala'a Alkerwi, Illiasse El Bahi, Saverio Stranges, Jean Beissel, Charles Delagardelle, Stephanie Noppe, Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and associated behavioural and metabolic risk factors constitute a major public health concern at a global level. Many reports worldwide have documented different risk profiles for populations with demographic variations. The objective of this study was to examine geographic variations in the top leading cardio metabolic and behavioural risk factors in Luxembourg, in order to provide an overall picture of CVD burden across the country. The analysis conducted was based on data from the nationwide ORISCAV-LUX survey, including 1432 subjects, aged 18-69 years...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598564/withdrawn-celecoxib-for-rheumatoid-arthritis
#7
REVIEW
Sarah E Garner, Dogan Fidan, Ruth R Frankish, Maria Judd, Beverley Shea, Tanveer Towheed, Peter Tugwell, George A Wells
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic auto-immune disorder, involving persistent joint inflammation. NSAIDs are used to control the symptoms of RA, but are associated with significant gastro-intestinal toxicity, including a risk of potentially life threatening gastroduodenal perforations, ulcers and bleeds. The NSAIDs known as the selective Cox II inhibitors, of which celecoxib is a member, were developed in order to reduce the GI toxicity, but are more expensive. OBJECTIVES: To establish the efficacy and safety of celecoxib in the management of RA by systematic review of available evidence...
June 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590346/associations-between-high-risk-alcohol-consumption-and-sarcopenia-among-postmenopausal-women
#8
Yu-Jin Kwon, Hyoung-Ji Lim, Yong-Jae Lee, Hye-Sun Lee, John A Linton, Jae Woo Lee, Hee-Taik Kang
OBJECTIVE: Sarcopenia is an age-related process, leading to cardio-metabolic diseases and disabilities. High-risk drinking is also closely related to diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia, which are modifiable risk factors for sarcopenia. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the association between alcohol-drinking patterns and sarcopenia in Korean postmenopausal women. METHODS: Data from 2,373 postmenopausal women were analyzed from the 2008 to 2011 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
June 5, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588600/date-palm-tree-phoenix-dactylifera-l-natural-products-and-therapeutic-options
#9
REVIEW
Reem A Al-Alawi, Jawhara H Al-Mashiqri, Jawaher S M Al-Nadabi, Badria I Al-Shihi, Younis Baqi
Many plants, including some of the commonly consumed herbs and spices in our daily food, can be safely and effectively used to prevent and/or treat some health concerns. For example, caffeine the active ingredient found in coffee beans (Coffea), shows biological activity in the treatment of the central nervous system (CNS) disorders, indole-3-carbinol, and 3,3'-diindolylmethane are both broccoli (Brassica oleracea) derived phytochemicals with potential anti-cancer activity, and resveratrol, isolated from grape (Vitis vinifera), is reported to extend lifespan and provide cardio-neuro-protective, anti-diabetic, and anti-cancer effects...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586605/burden-of-atherosclerosis-risk-among-different-ethinicity-a-hidden-health-challenge
#10
Tariq Ashraf, Kanwal Fatima Aamir, Abdul Samad Achakzai, Naeem Mengal, Muhammad Tariq Karim
OBJECTIVE: Atherosclerosis risk and incidence of developing chronic cardiovascular conditions vary greatly between ethnic groups in South Asian population. To evaluate different ethnic groups in Pakistan, population based study was conducted at Karachi, the largest metropolitan city of Pakistan; to assess ten years and lifetime estimated cardiovascular disease risks without preexisting cardiovascular disease in Pakistani subjects by using Pooled Cohort Risk equation (calculator) as per American College of Cardiology (ACC) and the American Heart Association (AHA) 2013 guidelines...
October 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572917/mobilizing-for-a-war-on-the-home-front-against-sugar-related-morbidity-and-mortality
#11
Dean Schillinger, James G Kahn
In Israel today, there are 420,200 Israelis diagnosed with diabetes, and every year, Israelis sustain thousands of diabetes-related deaths and tens of thousands of diabetes-related amputations. As such, in Israel, as in much of the world, there is a silent and deadly public health war against obesity and diabetes taking place on the home front -- one in which clinicians, patients, and families fight thousands of life- and limb-threatening battles daily, involving preventable heart disease, diabetes, strokes and amputations...
2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567668/the-impact-of-acute-high-intensity-interval-exercise-on-biomarkers-of-cardiovascular-health-in-type-2-diabetes
#12
Monique E Francois, Jonathan P Little
PURPOSE: High-intensity interval training (HIIT) interventions improve cardiovascular health, yet the acute effects on circulating and functional biomarkers of cardiovascular function are unclear in individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D). To explore this, we conducted two investigations to examine the acute response to HIIT in individuals with T2D. METHODS: Study 1 measured blood pressure, endothelial-dependent dilation, circulating measures of endothelial activation, and troponin T, 30 min and 2 h after HIIT (7 × 1-min intervals) in T2D (n = 8) and age-matched normoglycemic controls (CTL; n = 8)...
May 31, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28564650/the-metabolic-phenotype-in-obesity-fat-mass-body-fat-distribution-and-adipose-tissue-function
#13
Gijs H Goossens
The current obesity epidemic poses a major public health issue since obesity predisposes towards several chronic diseases. BMI and total adiposity are positively correlated with cardiometabolic disease risk at the population level. However, body fat distribution and an impaired adipose tissue function, rather than total fat mass, better predict insulin resistance and related complications at the individual level. Adipose tissue dysfunction is determined by an impaired adipose tissue expandability, adipocyte hypertrophy, altered lipid metabolism, and local inflammation...
June 1, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558488/psychoeducational-intervention-focused-on-healthy-living-improves-psychopathological-severity-and-lifestyle-quality-in-psychiatric-patients-preliminary-findings-from-a-controlled-study
#14
Francesco Saverio Bersani, Massimo Biondi, Marialuce Coviello, Andrea Fagiolini, Michele Majorana, Amedeo Minichino, Anna Carlotta Rusconi, Lucilla Vergnani, Roberto Vicinanza, Maria Antonietta Coccanari De' Fornari
BACKGROUND: Individuals with psychiatric disorders incur an increased risk of morbidity and mortality, with higher prevalence of cardio-metabolic risk factors s largely contributing to a significant reduction in life expectancy. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was at evaluating the clinical effectiveness of an educational intervention targeting lifestyle habits in patients with mood and psychotic disorders. METHODS: Patients (n = 32) were randomly assigned to receive, in addition to the pharmacological treatment, either five sessions of group psychoeducation focused on healthy lifestyle or five sessions of a control group therapy...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549758/prevalence-of-abdominal-obesity-and-its-association-with-cardio-metabolic-risk-factors-among-older-adults-in-ecuador
#15
Carlos H Orces, Martha Montalvan, Daniel Tettamanti
AIMS: To describe the prevalence of abdominal obesity and its association with cardio metabolic risk factors among older adults in Ecuador. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study used data from the National Survey of Health, Wellbeing, and Aging survey to examine the prevalence of abdominal obesity according to certain demographic, behavioral, and health characteristics of the participants. Logistic regression models adjusted for potential confounders were used to evaluate the association of abdominal obesity with cardio metabolic risk factors...
May 15, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545937/treatment-of-nafld-with-diet-physical-activity-and-exercise
#16
REVIEW
Manuel Romero-Gómez, Shira Zelber-Sagi, Michael Trenell
Lifestyle intervention can be useful across all the spectrum of NAFLD patients. Losing weight decreases cardiovascular / diabetes risk and also regresses liver disease. Weight reductions of ≥ 10% are required for inducing near universal NASH resolution or fibrosis improvement by at least one stage. However, modest weight losses (>5%) also produce important benefits on NAS and its components. In addition, to improve the success of this intervention we need to explore, beyond total calories and type of weight loss diet, the role of micro and macronutrients, evidence-based benefits of physical activity and exercise and finally supporting these modifications through established behaviour change models and techniques...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545656/cord-plasma-insulin-and-in-utero-exposure-to-ambient-air-pollution
#17
Narjes Madhloum, Bram G Janssen, Dries S Martens, Nelly D Saenen, Esmée Bijnens, Wilfried Gyselaers, Joris Penders, Charlotte Vanpoucke, Wouter Lefebvre, Michelle Plusquin, Tim S Nawrot
INTRODUCTION: Cardio-metabolic risk factors including insulin levels are at young age barely perceived as harmful, but over time these risk factors may track and lead to higher risk of metabolic syndrome. Studies showed that exposure to air pollution is associated with an increased risk of insulin resistance in childhood. We determined whether the origin of type 2 diabetes can be found in the early childhood by examining the levels of insulin in the neonatal cord blood and whether this can be considered as a disease marker for later life...
August 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538025/a-cluster-rct-to-reduce-workers-sitting-time-impact-on-cardiometabolic-biomarkers
#18
Genevieve N Healy, Elisabeth Ah Winkler, Elizabeth G Eakin, Neville Owen, Anthony D LaMontagne, Marj Moodie, David W Dunstan
PURPOSE: To evaluate the initial and long-term impacts on cardio-metabolic health indicators of the Stand Up Victoria intervention - a 12-month, multicomponent workplace-delivered intervention that successfully reduced overall sitting time, primarily by increasing standing time. METHODS: Office worksites (≥1km apart) from a single organization were cluster randomized to intervention (n=7) or control (n=7). Participants were 136 intervention and 95 control desk-based workers (5-39 per worksite; 68% women; mean±SD age = 45...
May 22, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526006/cardiometabolic-profile-of-obese-children-in-a-sub-saharan-african-setting-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Eunice Chedjou-Nono, Suzanne Sap, Simeon-Pierre Choukem, Issa Ngosso Tetanye, Daniel Nebongo, Olivier Koki Ndombo
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular and metabolic consequences of obesity in children, unlike adults, are still not well understood nor have they been subject to extensive research in Africa. We aimed to identify the cardio-metabolic complications associated with childhood obesity at the early phase of the management of obese children in a reference center in Cameroon. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study conducted from November 2013 to September 2014 and based on World Health Organization (WHO) classification of Obesity (BMI > 3SD under 5 years and BMI > 2SD from 5 and above), we included children aged 3 to 17 years who were being followed up for obesity at the pediatric endocrinology unit of the Mother and Child Center of the Chantal BIYA Foundation in Yaounde, Cameroon...
May 19, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505345/cardio-oncology-a-multidisciplinary-approach-for-detection-prevention-and-management-of-cardiac-dysfunction-in-cancer-patients
#20
Kazuko Tajiri, Kazutaka Aonuma, Ikuo Sekine
Cardiac dysfunction that develops during or after completion of cancer therapy is a growing health concern that should be addressed in a multidisciplinary setting. Cardio-oncology is a new discipline that focuses on screening, monitoring and treating cardiovascular disease during and after cancer treatment. A baseline cardiovascular risk assessment is essential. For high-risk patients, a tailored and detailed plan for cardiovascular management throughout treatment and beyond should also be established. Anthracycline and/or trastuzumab-containing chemotherapy and chest-directed radiation therapy are well known cardiotoxic cancer therapies...
May 15, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
keyword
keyword
107932
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"