keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Growth Trajectory

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647008/trajectories-of-neighborhood-cohesion-in-childhood-and-psychotic-and-depressive-symptoms-at-age-13-and-18-years
#1
Francesca Solmi, Ian Colman, Murray Weeks, Glyn Lewis, James B Kirkbride
OBJECTIVE: Exposure to adverse social environments has been associated with psychotic and depressive symptoms in adolescence in cross-sectional studies, but the longitudinal relation is unclear. This study examined whether longitudinal trajectories of exposure to adverse social environments across childhood are associated with psychotic experiences and depressive symptoms in adolescence. METHOD: Data on participants from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) were used to estimate longitudinal trajectories of childhood exposure to neighborhood cohesion (NC), discord (ND), and stress (NS) using latent class growth modeling...
July 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646354/associations-between-race-and-eating-disorder-symptom-trajectories-in-black-and-white-girls
#2
Lindsay P Bodell, Jennifer E Wildes, Yu Cheng, Andrea B Goldschmidt, Kate Keenan, Alison E Hipwell, Stephanie D Stepp
Epidemiological research suggests racial differences in the presentation of eating disorder symptoms. However, no studies have examined associations between race and eating disorder symptom trajectories across youth and adolescence, which is necessary to inform culturally sensitive prevention programs. The purpose of the current study was to examine the trajectories of eating disorder symptoms from childhood to young adulthood and to examine whether race was associated with trajectory group membership. Data were drawn from 2,305 Black and White girls who participated in a community-based longitudinal cohort study (Pittsburgh Girls Study) examining the development of psychopathology...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645299/programming-of-mouse-obesity-by-maternal-exposure-to-concentrated-ambient-fine-particles
#3
Minjie Chen, Xiaoke Wang, Ziying Hu, Huifen Zhou, Yanyi Xu, Lianglin Qiu, Xiaobo Qin, Yuhao Zhang, Zhekang Ying
BACKGROUND: Many diseases including obesity may originate through alterations in the early-life environment that interrupts fetal development. Increasing evidence has shown that exposure to ambient fine particles (PM2.5) is associated with abnormal fetal development. However, its long-term metabolic effects on offspring have not been systematically investigated. RESULTS: To determine if maternal exposure to PM2.5 programs offspring obesity, female C57Bl/6j mice were exposed to filtered air (FA) or concentrated ambient PM2...
June 23, 2017: Particle and Fibre Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643207/parental-depressive-symptoms-as-a-predictor-of-outcome-in-the-treatment-of-child-depression
#4
Dikla Eckshtain, Lauren Krumholz Marchette, Jessica Schleider, John R Weisz
Child depression is an impairing condition for which psychotherapies have shown modest effects. Parental depression is a risk factor for development of child depression and might also be negatively associated with child depression treatment outcomes. To explore this possibility, we analyzed data from a study in which children were treated for depression after parental depressive symptoms had been assessed at baseline. Among children treated for depression in a randomized controlled trial, we identified 31 who had child- and parent-report pre- and post-treatment data on child symptoms and parent-report of pre-treatment parental depressive symptoms...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642880/longitudinal-patterns-of-stability-and-change-in-tenacious-goal-pursuit-and-flexible-goal-adjustment-among-older-people-over-a-9-year-period
#5
Guillaume Martinent, Nathalie Bailly, Claude Ferrand, Kamel Gana, Caroline Giraudeau, Michèle Joulain
Using the dual-process model of assimilative-tenacity (TGP) and accommodative-flexibility (FGA), the study aims to identify trajectories of TGP and FGA over five time points within a 9-year period, explore the relationships between the trajectories of TGP and FGA, and explore if participants from distinct TGP and FGA trajectories differed in indicators of well-being and depression. Latent class growth analysis was used in a five-wave longitudinal design among an older population of 747 participants over 65 years...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641585/cancer-bereaved-siblings-positive-and-negative-memories-and-experiences-of-illness-and-death-a-nationwide-follow-up
#6
Mary-Elizabeth Bradley Eilertsen, Malin Lövgren, Alexandra Eilegård Wallin, Ulrika Kreicbergs
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to explore bereaved siblings' positive and negative memories and experiences of their brother's or sister's illness and death. METHOD: In our nationwide Swedish study, 174 of 240 (73%) bereaved siblings participated, and 70% responded to two open-ended statements, which focused on siblings' positive and negative memories and experiences of illness and death. The data were analyzed using systematic text condensation. RESULTS: The bereaved siblings' responses were categorized into four different themes: (1) endurance versus vulnerability, (2) family cohesion versus family conflicts, (3) growth versus stagnation, and (4) professional support versus lack of professional support...
June 23, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641215/worry-and-cognitive-control-predict-course-trajectories-of-anxiety-in-older-adults-with-late-life-depression
#7
P Spinhoven, D C van der Veen, R C Oude Voshaar, H C Comijs
BACKGROUND: Many older adults with depressive disorder manifest anxious distress. This longitudinal study examines the predictive value of worry as a maladaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategy, and resources necessary for successful emotion regulation (i.e., cognitive control and resting heart rate variability [HRV]) for the course of anxiety symptoms in depressed older adults. Moreover, it examines whether these emotion regulation variables moderate the impact of negative life events on severity of anxiety symptoms...
May 19, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641029/gender-differences-in-the-trajectory-classes-of-depressive-symptoms-in-korean-older-adults
#8
Hyunjoo Lee, Sojung Park
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed (1) to identify gender-specific heterogeneous longitudinal patterns of depressive symptoms, (2) to explore the effects of economic status and various health conditions as risk factors in depressive symptom trajectories. METHOD: Data came from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (2006-2012) focuing on older adults aged 65 and older. Latent class growth analysis was used to identify the depressive symptom trajectory groups. Multinomial logistic regression was used to examine the association between economic and health status changes and the depresison trajectories...
June 22, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639793/cigarette-smoking-trajectories-of-monoracial-and-biracial-blacks-testing-the-intermediate-hypothesis
#9
Trenette Clark Goings, Sebastian Teran Hidalgo, Matthew O Howard
Research on the cigarette-smoking patterns of biracial adolescents and young adults is severely limited. In this study, we tested the intermediate biracial substance-use hypothesis, which suggests that the prevalence of substance use among biracial individuals falls intermediate to their monoracial counterparts. We examined cigarette-smoking trajectories of a de-aggregated sample of biracial Black adolescents and young adults. We used longitudinal data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent and Adult Health (Add Health; Harris et al...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637519/gender-associated-developmental-trajectories-of-sdq-dysregulation-profile-and-its-predictors-in-children
#10
B Kunze, B Wang, C Isensee, R Schlack, U Ravens-Sieberer, F Klasen, A Rothenberger, A Becker
BACKGROUND: Severe mood dysregulation is common in childhood and can be highly impairing. The Dysregulation Profile (DP) can be considered as a broader phenotype of emotional dysregulation, including affect, cognition and behaviour. Since mood dysregulation may persist, but differently in boys and girls, the gender associated course needs to be considered longitudinally to gain a better insight in order to support the children more adequately. This study is focusing on gender associated subgroup trajectories of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire-Dysregulation Profile (SDQ-DP) in middle childhood (9-13 years of age) and includes the potential impact of clinical and psychosocial characteristics...
June 22, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635349/the-association-between-alcohol-use-trajectories-from-adolescence-to-adulthood-and-cannabis-use-disorder-in-adulthood-a-22-year-longitudinal-study
#11
Jung Yeon Lee, Judith S Brook, Mario De La Rosa, Youngjin Kim, David W Brook
BACKGROUND: Due to the increasing prevalence of cannabis use disorder (CUD), the impact of cannabis use on public health may be significant. OBJECTIVE: The present study seeks the possible precursors (e.g., alcohol use) of CUD in order to minimize the potential negative consequences of CUD such as impaired coordination and performance. METHOD: The Harlem Longitudinal Development Study included 674 participants (53% African Americans, 47% Puerto Ricans), with 60% females (n=405) from a six wave survey...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635344/trajectories-of-remission-and-mortality-over-13-years-after-intake-to-substance-use-treatment
#12
Andrea H Kline-Simon, Felicia W Chi, Jennifer R Mertens, Constance Weisner
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the relationships between long-term patterns of substance use and mortality risk among substance use disorder (SUD) patients. OBJECTIVE: To determine distinct patterns of remission and relapse of SUD over time and examine their relationship with mortality. METHODS: The study site was Kaiser Permanente of Northern California. Data for 997 adults who entered substance use treatment between 1994 and 1996 and 4,241 non-SUD patients with similar demographic distributions (35% women in both groups) were analyzed...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635083/clinically-distinct-trajectories-of-fatigue-and-their-longitudinal-relationship-with-the-disturbance-of-personal-goals-following-a-cancer-diagnosis
#13
Fabiola Müller, Marrit A Tuinman, Moniek Janse, Josué Almansa, Mirjam A G Sprangers, Ans Smink, Adelita V Ranchor, Joke Fleer, Mariët Hagedoorn
OBJECTIVES: Most studies on fatigue in patients with cancer aggregate its prevalence and severity on a group level, ignoring the possibility that subgroups of patients may differ widely in their development of fatigue. This study aimed to identify subgroups of patients with clinically distinct trajectories of fatigue from diagnosis to 18 months post-diagnosis. As fatigue might trigger goal disturbance, the study also identified trajectories of concrete and abstract goal disturbance and longitudinally examined their co-occurrence with fatigue...
June 21, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634210/the-glycosylation-pathway-is-required-for-the-secretion-of-slit-and-for-the-maintenance-of-the-slit-receptor-robo-on-axons
#14
Mary Ann Manavalan, Vatsala Ruvini Jayasinghe, Rickinder Grewal, Krishna Moorthi Bhat
Slit proteins act as repulsive axon guidance cues by activating receptors of the Roundabout (Robo) family. During early neurogenesis in Drosophila melanogaster, Slit prevents the growth cones of longitudinal tract neurons from inappropriately crossing the midline, thus restricting these cells to trajectories parallel to the midline. Slit is expressed in midline glial cells, and Robo is present in longitudinal axon tracts and growth cones. We showed that the enzyme Mummy (Mmy) controlled Slit-Robo signaling through mechanisms that affected both the ligand and the receptor...
June 20, 2017: Science Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633933/trajectories-of-self-evaluation-bias-in-primary-and-secondary-school-parental-antecedents-and-academic-consequences
#15
Arielle Bonneville-Roussy, Thérèse Bouffard, Carole Vezeau
Using a longitudinal approach spanning nine years of children's formal education, this study investigated the developmental trajectories of self-evaluation bias of academic competence. The study also examined how parenting styles were associated with the trajectories of bias in mid-primary school, and how those trajectories predicted academic outcomes at the end of secondary school and the beginning of college. A total of 711 children in 4th and 5th grades (mean age=10.71years old; 358 girls) participated in this study...
August 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630084/maternal-lifestyle-and-nutritional-status-in-relation-to-pregnancy-and-infant-health-outcomes-in-western-china-protocol-for-a-prospective-cohort-study
#16
Li Tang, Xiong-Fei Pan, Andy H Lee, Colin W Binns, Chun-Xia Yang, Xin Sun
INTRODUCTION: Improving the health and nutrition of women and children is a priority for Western China, where the economy is less developed. Due to the dynamic nature of lifestyle, modern food habits and nutrition, there is a need to update our limited knowledge and understanding of maternal lifestyle and nutritional status and their impact on pregnancy and infant health outcomes. While breast milk is the preferred feeding option, infant formula use is widespread in China. It is thus necessary to examine the effects of formula consumption on growth and morbidity...
June 19, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628951/cranial-indicators-identified-for-peak-incidence-of-otitis-media
#17
Anthony Pagano, Eugene Wang, Derek Yuan, Daniel Fischer, Charles Bluestone, Samuel Marquez, Jeffrey Laitman
Acute otitis media (AOM) is one of the most common pediatric conditions worldwide. Peak age of occurrence for AOM has been identified within the first postnatal year and it remains frequent until approximately six postnatal years. Morphological differences between adults and infants in the cartilaginous Eustachian tube (CET) and associated structures may be responsible for development of this disease yet few have investigated normal growth trajectories. We tested hypotheses on coincidence of skeletal growth changes and known ages of peak AOM occurrence...
June 19, 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628558/genetics-of-pleiotropic-effects-of-dexamethasone
#18
Laura B Ramsey, Stan Pounds, Cheng Cheng, Xueyuan Cao, Wenjian Yang, Colton Smith, Seth E Karol, Chengcheng Liu, John C Panetta, Hiroto Inaba, Jeffrey E Rubnitz, Monika L Metzger, Raul C Ribeiro, John T Sandlund, Sima Jeha, Ching-Hon Pui, William E Evans, Mary V Relling
OBJECTIVES: Glucocorticoids such as dexamethasone have pleiotropic effects, including desired antileukemic, anti-inflammatory, or immunosuppressive effects, and undesired metabolic or toxic effects. The most serious adverse effects of dexamethasone among patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia are osteonecrosis and thrombosis. To identify inherited genomic variation involved in these severe adverse effects, we carried out genome-wide association studies (GWAS) by analyzing 14 pleiotropic glucocorticoid phenotypes in 391 patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia...
June 16, 2017: Pharmacogenetics and Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627910/at-home-partner-sleep-functioning-over-the-course-of-military-deployment
#19
Katherine E Miller, Erin Koffel, Mark D Kramer, Christopher R Erbes, Paul A Arbisi, Melissa A Polusny
Although the negative effects of deployment on the health of military spouses have been studied, research on sleep disruptions remains limited. This study investigates trajectories of sleep complaints over the course of deployment and predictors of these changes among a cohort of at-home partners. Data were drawn from the Readiness and Resilience in National Guard Soldiers (RINGS-2) project, a prospective, longitudinal study of National Guard soldiers deployed to Iraq/Kuwait (2011-2012) and their intimate partners...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626605/no-relationship-between-vertebral-column-shifts-and-limb-fluctuating-asymmetry-in-human-foetuses
#20
Clara M A Ten Broek, Jessica Bots, Marianna Bugiani, Frietson Galis, Stefan Van Dongen
Disturbance from the normal developmental trajectory of a trait during growth-the so-called developmental instability-can be observed morphologically through phenodeviants and subtle deviations from perfect symmetry (fluctuating asymmetry). This study investigates the relationship between phenodeviance in the human vertebral column (as a result of axial patterning defects) and limb fluctuating asymmetry. Since both types of markers of developmental instability have been found associated with congenital abnormalities in humans, we anticipate a relationship between them if the concept of developmental instability, measured through either phenodeviants or asymmetry, would reflect an organism-wide process...
2017: PeerJ
keyword
keyword
107930
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"