Read by QxMD icon Read

Statin aspirin

Fred Stephen Sarfo, Osei Sarfo-Kantanka, Sheila Adamu, Vida Obese, Jennifer Voeks, Raelle Tagge, Vipin Sethi, Bruce Ovbiagele
BACKGROUND: There is an unprecedented rise in the prevalence of stroke in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Secondary prevention guidelines recommend that antihypertensive, statin and antiplatelet therapy be initiated promptly after ischemic stroke and adhered to in a persistent fashion to achieve optimal vascular-risk reduction. However, these goals are seldom realized in routine clinical care settings in SSA due to logistical challenges. We seek to assess whether a polypill containing fixed doses of three antihypertensive agents, a statin and antiplatelet therapy taken once daily per os for 12 months among recent stroke survivors would result in carotid intimal thickness regression compared with usual care (UC)...
March 14, 2018: Trials
Jacek Staszewski, Renata Piusińska-Macoch, Ewa Skrobowska, Bogdan Brodacki, Katarzyna Macek, Adam Stępień
BACKGROUND: The clinical significance of aspirin resistance (AR) in patients with symptomatic cerebrovascular disease is not well known. The aim of this single-center, prospective study was to examine the prevalence, risk factors and prognostic significance of AR in patients with different clinical manifestations of cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) over 24-month follow-up. METHODS: We studied 104 patients with MRI confirmed CSVD, including those with recent lacunar stroke (LS, n=49), vascular parkinsonism (VaP, n=16) and dementia (VaD, n=39)...
January 2018: Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science
Maria Giner-Soriano, Gerard Sotorra Figuerola, Jordi Cortés, Helena Pera Pujadas, Ana Garcia-Sangenis, Rosa Morros
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a group of disorders of the heart and blood vessels, such as coronary heart disease (CHD), cerebrovascular disease, and peripheral artery disease. CVD is the leading threat to global health, whether measured by mortality, morbidity, or economic cost. Long-term administration of aspirin, statins, beta-blockers, and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin-receptor blockers improves survival in patients with stablished coronary heart disease...
March 9, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
B Wilkins, S Hullikunte, M Simmonds, A Sasse, P D Larsen, S A Harding
BACKGROUND: We assessed the effect of a pre-discharge medication checklist on discharge prescription rates of guideline recommended medications following myocardial infarction. In addition, we assessed what proportion of the residual prescribing gap following implementation of the checklist was due to the presence of contraindications. METHODS: We examined baseline prescription rates of guideline recommended medications in 100 patients discharged from our institution following acute myocardial infarction...
November 14, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
William King, Arron Lacey, James White, Daniel Farewell, Frank Dunstan, David Fone
BACKGROUND: Coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality in England fell by 36% between 2000 and 2007 and it is estimated that approximately 50% of the fall was due to improved treatment uptake. Marked socio-economic inequalities in CHD mortality in the United Kingdom (UK) remain, with higher age-adjusted rates in more deprived groups. Inequalities in the persistence of medication for primary and secondary prevention of CHD may contribute to the observed social gradient and we investigated this possibility in the population of Wales (UK)...
2018: PloS One
Marlous Hall, Tatendashe B Dondo, Andrew T Yan, Mamas A Mamas, Adam D Timmis, John E Deanfield, Tomas Jernberg, Harry Hemingway, Keith A A Fox, Chris P Gale
BACKGROUND: There is limited knowledge of the scale and impact of multimorbidity for patients who have had an acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Therefore, this study aimed to determine the extent to which multimorbidity is associated with long-term survival following AMI. METHODS AND FINDINGS: This national observational study included 693,388 patients (median age 70.7 years, 452,896 [65.5%] male) from the Myocardial Ischaemia National Audit Project (England and Wales) who were admitted with AMI between 1 January 2003 and 30 June 2013...
March 2018: PLoS Medicine
Slobodan Tanaskovic, Djordje Radak, Nikola Aleksic, Branko Calija, Vera Maravic-Stojkovic, Dragoslav Nenezic, Nenad Ilijevski, Petar Popov, Goran Vucurevic, Srdjan Babic, Predrag Matic, Predrag Gajin, Dragan Vasic, Zoran Rancic
BACKGROUND: Inflammation is one of the mechanisms that leads to carotid restenosis (CR). The aim of this study was to examine the influence of increased values of inflammation markers (high-sensitivity C-reactive protein [hs-CRP], C3 complement, and fibrinogen) on CR development after eversion carotid endarterectomy (CEA). METHODS: A consecutive 300 patients were included in the study, in which eversion CEA was performed between March 1 and August 1, 2010. Demographic data, atherosclerosis risk factors, comorbidities, and ultrasound plaque characteristics were listed in relation to potential risk factors for CR...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Mark D Balceniuk, Lauren E Trakimas, Claudia Aghaie, Doran Mix, Khurram Rasheed, Jennifer Ellis, Roan Glocker, Adam Doyle, Michael C Stoner
Introduction Formation and renewal of intramural thrombus is associated with inflammation, and contributes to the complexity of aneurysm repair. Current cardiovascular pharmacotherapy includes several inflammatory modulators such as aspirin, statins, clopidogrel, and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors. The purpose of our study was to investigate the effect of these inflammatory modulators on radiographically-determined thrombus sac volume. Methods Pre-operative computed tomography scans were reviewed in patients who underwent elective infrarenal aortic aneurysm repair...
January 1, 2018: Vascular
Eddy Fan, Daniel Brodie, Arthur S Slutsky
Importance: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a life-threatening form of respiratory failure that affects approximately 200 000 patients each year in the United States, resulting in nearly 75 000 deaths annually. Globally, ARDS accounts for 10% of intensive care unit admissions, representing more than 3 million patients with ARDS annually. Objective: To review advances in diagnosis and treatment of ARDS over the last 5 years. Evidence Review: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews from 2012 to 2017 focusing on randomized clinical trials, meta-analyses, systematic reviews, and clinical practice guidelines...
February 20, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Priyadarshani Galappatthy, Vipula R Bataduwaarachchi, Priyanga Ranasinghe, Gamini K S Galappatthy, Maheshi Wijayabandara, Dinuka S Warapitiya, Mythily Sivapathasundaram, Thilini Wickramarathna, Upul Senarath, Sathasivam Sridharan, Chandrika N Wijeyaratne, Ruvan Ekanayaka
BACKGROUND: Ischaemic heart disease is the leading cause of in-hospital mortality in Sri Lanka. Acute Coronary Syndrome Sri Lanka Audit Project (ACSSLAP) is the first national clinical-audit project that evaluated patient characteristics, clinical outcomes and care provided by state-sector hospitals. METHODS: ACSSLAP prospectively evaluated acute care, in-hospital care and discharge plans provided by all state-sector hospitals managing patients with ACS. Data were collected from 30 consecutive patients from each hospital during 2-4 weeks window...
February 16, 2018: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
Heike Gottschall, Christoph Schmoecker, Dirk Hartmann, Nadine Rohwer, Katharina Rund, Laura Kutzner, Fabian Nolte, Annika I Ostermann, Nils Helge Schebb, Karsten H Weylandt
Eicosanoids, including prostaglandins and thromboxanes, are broadly bioactive lipid mediators and increase colon tumorigenesis possibly through chronic inflammatory mechanisms. Epidemiological and experimental data suggest that acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) helps prevent colorectal cancer (CRC), possibly through cyclooxygenase (COX)-mediated suppression of eicosanoid - particularly prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) - formation. Recent studies suggest that statins prevent CRC and improve survival after diagnosis. We identified patients on ASA and/or statin treatment undergoing routine colonoscopy and measured eicosanoid levels in colonic mucosa with targeted metabolomics technology (LC-MS/MS)...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Lipid Research
Anna Kańtoch, Barbara Gryglewska, Jadwiga Wójkowska-Mach, Piotr Heczko, Tomasz Grodzicki
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of cardiovascular diseases among nursing home residents is high but little is known whether pharmacologic therapy recommended by actual medication guidelines is followed by facility's staff. AIM: To evaluate the adherence to actual guidelines for treatment of cardiovascular diseases among older adult residents of long-term care (LTC) facilities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The cross-sectional study was performed from December 2009 to November 2010 among 189 elderly residents aged ≥60 years in 3 LTC facilities in Poland: 1 long-term care hospital (LTCH) and 2 nursing homes (NHs)...
February 2, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
Tasha M Hughes, Katiuscha Merath, Qinyu Chen, Steven Sun, Elizabeth Palmer, Jay J Idrees, Victor Okunrintemi, Malcolm Squires, Eliza W Beal, Timothy M Pawlik
BACKGROUND: Shared decision-making (SDM) is a process that respects the rights of patients to be fully involved in decisions about their care. By evaluating all available healthcare options and weighing patients' personal values and preferences against available unbiased evidence, patients and healthcare professionals can make health-related decisions together, as partners. We sought to evaluate the impact of perceived SDM on patient-reported outcomes, healthcare quality, and healthcare utilization...
January 31, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
N P G Hoedemaker, P Damman, J P Ottervanger, J H E Dambrink, A T M Gosselink, E Kedhi, E Kolkman, R J de Winter, A W J van 't Hof
Aims: Optimal medical therapy (OMT) is recommended in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients. Few studies present temporal trends of OMT prescription and its impact on outcomes in a real-world setting. We aimed to evaluate OMT prescription in a real-world ACS population and its relation to mortality during almost a decade. Methods and results: Consecutive STEMI and NSTEMI patients (n = 9202) admitted to a single Dutch tertiary hospital between 2006-2014 were included and followed for drug prescription and mortality up to 1 year...
January 30, 2018: European Heart Journal. Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy
Sujita W Narayan, Prasad S Nishtala
AIM: To examine the patterns of preventive medicines (PM) use in the last year of life of older adults. METHODS: This study cohort included individuals (n = 99 809) aged ≥75 years who were in their last year of life. PM examined in this study included low-dose aspirin (≤325 mg/day), clopidogrel, dipyridamole, warfarin, dabigatran, statins and bisphosphonates. Logistic regression models examined the influence of age, sex, multimorbidity, socioeconomic status, and a diagnosis of cancer on the number and type of PM prescribed from 2007 to 2012...
February 2, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Vanessa Selak, Ruth Webster
International guidelines recommend blood pressure-lowering therapy, statins and aspirin for people who have had a cardiovascular event but use of these medications is low, particularly for lower income countries. Clinical trials have demonstrated that combining these medications into a single pill or capsule (a 'polypill') improves adherence, systolic blood pressure and low density lipoprotein cholesterol compared with usual care in secondary prevention. Uptake of polypill-based care has been underwhelming, possibly due to safety concerns...
February 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety
Sue Crengle, Joanne N Luke, Michelle Lambert, Janet K Smylie, Susan Reid, Jennie Harré-Hindmarsh, Margaret Kelaher
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of a customised, structured cardiovascular disease (CVD) medication health literacy programme on medication knowledge among Indigenous people with, or at high risk of, CVD. DESIGN: Intervention trial with premeasures and postmeasures at multiple time points. SETTING: Indigenous primary care services in Australia, Canada and New Zealand. PARTICIPANTS: 171 Indigenous people aged ≥20 years of age who had at least one clinical diagnosis of a CVD event, or in Canada and Australia had a 5-year CVD risk ≥15%, and were prescribed at least two of the following CVD medication classes: statin, aspirin, ACE inhibitors and beta blockers...
January 24, 2018: BMJ Open
Doron Garfinkel, Nataly Ilin, Alexander Waller, Ashley Torkan-Zilberstein, Netanel Zilberstein, Itai Gueta
BACKGROUND: Elderly patients are exposed to increased number of medications, often with no proof of a positive benefit/risk ratio. Unfortunately, this trend does not spare those with limited life expectancy, including end-stage cancer patients who require only palliative treatment. For many medications in this subpopulation, the risk of adverse drug events outweighs the possible benefits and yet, many are still poly-medicated during their last year of life. AIM: To describe the extent of polypharmacy among end-stage cancer patients, at the time of admission to homecare hospice...
January 23, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Practice
Thiago Veiga Jardim, Sayuri Inuzuka, Luan Galvão, Leandra Anália Freitas Negretto, Rogério Orlow de Oliveira, Wanessa Faria Sá, Haroldo Silva de Souza, Andrea Crisitina Sousa, Patricia Silva Carneiro, Weimar Kunz Sebba Barroso, Ana Luiza Lima Sousa, Paulo César Veiga Jardim
Background: Although multidisciplinary treatment is recommended for type 2 diabetes mellitus and hypertension (HTN), there is a lack of scientific literature supporting the hypothesis of extending this treatment strategy to patients with both diabetes and HTN. Aiming to report results of long-term multidisciplinary treatment for these patients and identify strategies to improve their management, we conducted this study. Methods: Data of patients with diabetes and HTN with regular follow-up visits in a multidisciplinary HTN treatment center from Brazil's Midwest were retrospectively assessed...
2018: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
Thang Nguyen, Hoa Q Nguyen, Niken N Widyakusuma, Thao H Nguyen, Tam T Pham, Katja Taxis
OBJECTIVES: Ischaemic heart diseases (IHDs) are a leading cause of death worldwide. Although prescribing according to guidelines improves health outcomes, it remains suboptimal. We determined whether interventions targeted at healthcare professionals are effective to enhance prescribing and health outcomes in patients with IHDs. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed and EMBASE for studies published between 1 January 2000 and 31 August 2017. We included original studies of interventions targeted at healthcare professionals to enhance prescribing guideline-recommended medications for IHDs...
January 10, 2018: BMJ Open
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"