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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103995/-advances-in-the-research-of-prevention-and-treatment-of-postburn-contractures-of-hand
#1
K A Wang, G S Wu, Y Sun, Z F Xia
Scar contracture deformity, which can lead to dysfunction of hand and low quality of life, is one of the common complication after hand burns. The prevention measures of scar contracture after hand burns include large skin grafting, prevention of infection, insistence on wearing pressure gloves, use of silicone sheets, wearing orthosis, accepting proper physical therapy, and early functional exercise. The primary treatments of postburn contractures of the hand are surgery, drugs, laser treatment, and rehabilitation therapy...
January 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984480/a-child-with-a-burn-related-foot-and-ankle-contracture-treated-with-multiple-modalities
#2
Miranda Yelvington, Michelle Scoggins, Leslie White
PURPOSE: The presence of hypertrophic scars, which cross lower extremity joints, can often result in decreased range of motion, limitations in functional mobility, and gait deviations. This article reviews a case and describes a multimodal treatment approach. SUMMARY OF KEY POINTS: A 6-year-old girl developed aggressive hypertrophic scars following a burn injury. A multimodal treatment approach, including splinting, elastomers, and physical therapy, was developed...
January 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941188/arthrogryposis-multiplex-congenital-multidisciplinary-care-including-own-experience
#3
Anna Binkiewicz-Glińska, Jolanta Wierzba, Edyta Szurowska, Katarzyna Ruckeman-Dziurdzińska, Stanisław Bakuła, Michał Sokołów, Anna Reńska
Arthrogryposis multiplex congenital (AMC) is a heterogeneous disorder, characterized by nonprogressive multiple intra-articular contractures, which can be recognized at birth. The prevalence in Europe is estimated at about 1 per 12,000. Etiopathogenesis of arthrogryposis is multifactorial. Symptoms of some forms of arthrogryposis can be found in the clinical presentation of selected genetic disorders, e.g. Pena Shokeir syndrome. Arthrogryposis can also result from environmental factors such as medication, trauma or chronic illness during pregnancy, as well as from oligohydramnios or abnormal structure of the uterus...
2016: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902173/escobar-multiple-pterygium-syndrome-multidisciplinary-approach-to-a-very-rare-syndrome
#4
Murat Celal Sözbilen, Hüseyin Günay, Funda Atamaz Çalış
Escobar (multiple pterygium) syndrome is progressive and a very rare syndrome. It is generally characterized by multiple pterygia that are found in the cervical, antecubital and popliteal regions. In this report, we present the treatment management of a 14-year-old case with late stage Escobar syndrome who was admitted due to multiple pterygia and bilateral knee contractures. The treatment of this case was conducted in collaboration with the department of orthopedics and the department of physical therapy. The treatment of the case was done in three stages: soft tissue procedures, femoral recurvatum osteotomy and triple arthrodesis, respectively...
December 2016: Eklem Hastalıkları Ve Cerrahisi, Joint Diseases & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894181/total-knee-arthroplasty-for-severe-flexion-contracture-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-knees
#5
Youn Soo Hwang, Kyu Pill Moon, Kyung Taek Kim, Jin Wan Kim, Won Seok Park
Flexion contracture deformities, as well as severe varus and valgus deformities of the knee joint, accompany osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In particular, severe flexion contracture deformity of the knee joint is often found in patients with RA, which renders them nonambulatory. This report describes a 26-year-old female patient diagnosed with RA 10 years ago. She had chronic joint pain, severe flexion contracture, valgus deformity in both knees, and limited range of motion in both knees and became nonambulatory...
December 1, 2016: Knee Surgery & related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857638/changes-in-muscle-spasticity-in-patients-with-cerebral-palsy-after-spinal-manipulation-case-series
#6
Oleh Kachmar, Taras Voloshyn, Mykhailo Hordiyevych
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case series was to report quantitative changes in wrist muscle spasticity in children with cerebral palsy after 1 spinal manipulation (SM) and a 2-week course of treatment. METHODS: Twenty-nine patients, aged 7 to 18 years, with spastic forms of cerebral palsy and without fixed contracture of the wrist, were evaluated before initiation of treatment, after 1 SM, and at the end of a 2-week course of treatment. Along with daily SM, the program included physical therapy, massage, reflexotherapy, extremity joint mobilization, mechanotherapy, and rehabilitation computer games for 3 to 4 hours' duration...
December 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830921/post-operative-physical-therapy-program-for-latissimus-dorsi-and-teres-major-tendons-transfer-to-rotator-cuff-in-children-with-obstetrical-brachial-plexus-injury
#7
Yasser A Safoury, Mohamed Eldesoky, Enas E Abutaleb, Mohamed Raafat, Ahmed M Gaber
BACKGROUND: The transfer latissimus dorsi and teres major tendons to rotator cuff have been developed to rebalance the muscular dysfunction and improve shoulder range of motion in children with obstetrical brachial plexus palsy (OBPP). No previous study reported the ideal postoperative physical therapy program for these cases. AIM: The aim of the present study was to design appropriate postoperative physical therapy (PT) program after latissimus dorsi and teres major tendons transfer to rotator cuff in OBPP to improve upper limb function...
November 10, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826907/the-unstable-knee-in-congenital-limb-deficiency
#8
REVIEW
Gabriel T Mindler, Christof Radler, Rudolf Ganger
PURPOSE: Instability of the knee is a common finding in patients with congenital limb deficiency. The instability can be attributed to soft tissue abnormalities, frontal, sagittal or rotational deformity of the lower limb and bony dysplasia of the patella or of the femoral condyles. In most of the cases, these pathomorphologic changes stay asymptomatic in daily activity. However, instability can appear during deformity correction and bone-lengthening procedures, leading to flexion contracture or subluxation of the knee...
December 2016: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759587/starplasty-for-reconstruction-of-the-burned-axilla
#9
Ryan P Cauley, Sean A Hickey, Charles Scott Hultman, Katie Mathews, Jeremy Goverman
BACKGROUND: Postburn axillary contractures are common and significantly impact quality of life. Simple release combined with split thickness skin grafting necessitates a donor site, requires immobilization, and may result in poor functional outcome. Common methods of adjacent tissue rearrangement are not well designed to treat broad linear contractures. Flaps from the back, flank, or arm can be used, but may come with significant donor site morbidity. We demonstrate the use of the STARplasty, a novel adjacent tissue rearrangement initially developed to treat neosyndactyly, as a useful reconstructive option for the release of Kurtzman type 1 posterior or anterior axillary contractures...
March 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722115/clinical-and-functional-outcomes-of-acute-lower-extremity-compartment-syndrome-at-a-major-trauma-hospital
#10
Loreto Lollo, Andreas Grabinsky
BACKGROUND: Acute lower extremity compartment syndrome (CS) is a condition that untreated causes irreversible nerve and muscle ischemia. Treatment by decompression fasciotomy without delay prevents permanent disability. The use of intracompartmental pressure (iCP) measurement in uncertain situations aids in diagnosis of severe leg pain. As an infrequent complication of lower extremity trauma, consequences of CS include chronic pain, nerve injury, and contractures. The purpose of this study was to observe the clinical and functional outcomes for patients with lower extremity CS after fasciotomy...
July 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663059/exercise-training-in-metabolic-myopathies
#11
REVIEW
J Vissing
Metabolic myopathies encompass muscle glycogenoses (GSD) and disorders of muscle fat oxidation (FAOD). FAODs and GSDs can be divided into two main clinical phenotypes; those with static symptoms related to fixed muscle weakness and atrophy, and those with dynamic, exercise-related symptoms that are brought about by a deficient supply of ATP. Together with mitochondrial myopathies, metabolic myopathies are unique among muscle diseases, as the limitation in exercise performance is not solely caused by structural damage of muscle, but also or exclusively related to energy deficiency...
October 2016: Revue Neurologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622586/management-of-pediatric-intramuscular-venous-malformations
#12
Minna M Wieck, Donna Nowicki, Kathy A Schall, Chadi Zeinati, Lori K Howell, M Anselmo
BACKGROUND: Intramuscular venous malformations (VMs) are rare, but can be highly symptomatic. There are few reports on outcomes, particularly pain, functional limitations, and muscle contractures. We aimed to compare results of medical management, sclerotherapy, and surgical resection. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 45 patients with an extremity or truncal intramuscular VM between June 2005 and June 2015 at a single institution. Outcomes were compared between treatment modalities with ANOVA and χ2 tests...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27526686/systematic-review-of-non-surgical-treatments-for-early-dupuytren-s-disease
#13
Catherine Ball, David Izadi, Liaquat Suleman Verjee, James Chan, Jagdeep Nanchahal
BACKGROUND: Dupuytren's disease is a common fibrotic disorder of the palm characterized by the development of progressive flexion deformities in the digits, leading to significant functional impairment. Surgical excision remains the most common treatment. However, this is only indicated in patients with established contractures rather than those with early disease. Early disease is generally characterized by the presence of palmar nodules with limited or no contracture of the fingers...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27471728/adhesive-capsulitis-in-eight-dogs-diagnosis-and-management
#14
Brittany J Carr, Sherman O Canapp, Debra A Canapp, Lauri-Jo Gamble, David L Dycus
OBJECTIVE: To describe clinical and diagnostic findings as well as management of adhesive capsulitis in dogs. BACKGROUND: Adhesive capsulitis, also known as frozen shoulder, is a syndrome defined by loss of range of motion of the shoulder and may be the end-stage manifestation of several primary conditions. EVIDENTIARY VALUE: This is a case series report of eight dogs with chronic forelimb lameness diagnosed with adhesive capsulitis. METHODS: Medical records (June 1, 2010-September 1, 2015) including, physical examination findings, radiographic findings, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings, arthroscopy findings, and treatment plans were reviewed...
2016: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27352194/therapeutic-effect-of-intra-articular-injection-of-ribbon-type-decoy-oligonucleotides-for-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1-on-joint-contracture-in-an-immobilized-knee-animal-model
#15
Daisuke Sotobayashi, Hirohisa Kawahata, Natsuki Anada, Toshio Ogihara, Ryuichi Morishita, Motokuni Aoki
BACKGROUND: Limited range of motion (ROM) as a result of joint contracture in treatment associated with joint immobilization or motor paralysis is a critical issue. However, its molecular mechanism has not been fully clarified and a therapeutic approach is not yet established. METHODS: In the present study, we investigated its molecular mechanism, focusing on the role of a transcription factor, hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1), which regulates the expression of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and evaluated the possibility of molecular therapy to inhibit HIF-1 activation by ribbon-type decoy oligonucleotides (ODNs) for HIF-1 using immobilized knee animal models...
August 2016: Journal of Gene Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27159679/neuromuscular-choristoma-presenting-with-unilateral-limb-hypoplasia-in-a-3-year-old-boy
#16
Travis G O'Brien, Robert J Spinner, Andrea J Boon
INTRODUCTION: Neuromuscular choristomas (NMCs) are rare benign peripheral nerve lesions in which skeletal muscle tissue is admixed with nerve fascicles. METHODS: We describe a case of sciatic nerve NMC presenting with unilateral limb hypoplasia, monoparesis, and equinovarus contracture in a pediatric patient. We outline the unique clinical presentation and diagnostic work-up for our patient, including electromyographic and imaging studies. RESULTS: MRI revealed fusiform enlargement of the sciatic nerve, <50% intralesional fat, and signal characteristics similar to those of muscle tissue...
October 2016: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27114914/a-longitudinal-study-of-emotional-adjustment-quality-of-life-and-adaptive-function-in-attenuated-mps-ii
#17
Elsa G Shapiro, Kyle Rudser, Alia Ahmed, Robert D Steiner, Kathleen A Delaney, Brianna Yund, Kelly King, Alicia Kunin-Batson, Julie Eisengart, Chester B Whitley
OBJECTIVES: The behavioral, adaptive and quality of life characteristics of attenuated mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS II) have not been well studied. Understanding changes over time in the attenuated phenotype may assist in helping achieve better outcomes in long-term function. This longitudinal study investigates these outcomes in relation to age, somatic disease burden, and IQ. Specifically, somatic disease burden is a major challenge for these patients, even with treatment with enzyme replacement therapy...
June 2016: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27070684/axillary-web-syndrome-current-understanding-and-new-directions-for-treatment
#18
Merisa Piper, Isabella Guajardo, Keith Denkler, Hani Sbitany
BACKGROUND: Axillary web syndrome (AWS) is a poorly understood but common cause of significant morbidity after axillary lymph node dissection for breast cancer. It is characterized by painful scar tissue formation and contracture extending from the axilla down the medial arm which limits shoulder and arm mobility. We sought to gain a better understanding of its pathophysiology and available treatments. Additionally, we present our preliminary experience with 2 novel treatment methods: (1) percutaneous needle cord disruption with fat grafting, (2) Xiaflex injection to the cording...
May 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26949680/effects-of-a-resting-foot-splint-in-early-brain-injury-patients
#19
Eun Jung Sung, Min Ho Chun, Ja Young Hong, Kyung Hee Do
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of the resting foot splint to prevent ankle contracture. METHODS: We performed a randomized controlled trial in 33 patients with brain injury with ankle dorsiflexor weakness (muscle power ≤grade 2). Both groups continued conventional customized physical therapy, but the patients in the foot splint group were advised to wear a resting foot splint for more than 12 hours per day for 3 weeks. The data were assessed before and 3 weeks after the study...
February 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26889095/outcome-of-physical-therapy-and-splinting-in-hand-burns-injury-our-last-four-years-experience
#20
Shkurta Rrecaj, Hajrie Hysenaj, Merita Martinaj, Ardiana Murtezani, Dafina Ibrahimi-Kacuri, Bekim Haxhiu, Zene Buja
OBJECTIVE: Burn injuries in hands are much more complex and the appearance of contractures is a common complication. Hand burn injuries often result in limited functionality, flexion and extension of fingers and present a major hindrance in rehabilitation. The aim of physical therapy and splinting after hand burn injury is to maintain mobility, prevent the development of the contracture and to promote the functionality of hand and good cosmetic results. The purpose of this study is to presents our experience of 38 children with hand burn injuries, admitted and treated at the Department of Plastic Surgery, UCCK-Pristina, Kosovo, during the years 2012-2015...
December 2015: Materia Socio-medica
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