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contractures AND physical therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30444146/is-more-frequent-physical-therapy-associated-with-increased-gross-motor-improvement-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-national-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Gunfrid V Størvold, Reidun B Jahnsen, Kari Anne I Evensen, Grete H Bratberg
PURPOSE: To investigate the association between physical therapy frequency and gross motor improvement in children with cerebral palsy (CP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study of 442 children aged 2-12 years, Gross Motor Function Classification System levels I-V, from the Cerebral Palsy Follow-up Program and the Cerebral Palsy Register of Norway. Outcome was change in reference percentiles for the Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM-66) between two subsequent assessments (N = 1056) analyzed in a linear mixed model...
November 16, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30425656/the-pathogenesis-and-therapies-of-striated-muscle-laminopathies
#2
REVIEW
Astrid Brull, Blanca Morales Rodriguez, Gisèle Bonne, Antoine Muchir, Anne T Bertrand
Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD) is a genetic condition characterized by early contractures, skeletal muscle weakness, and cardiomyopathy. During the last 20 years, various genetic approaches led to the identification of causal genes of EDMD and related disorders, all encoding nuclear envelope proteins. By their respective localization either at the inner nuclear membrane or the outer nuclear membrane, these proteins interact with each other and establish a connection between the nucleus and the cytoskeleton...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30333898/lateral-breast-and-axillary-reconstruction-with-pedicled-parascapular-flap
#3
Christina Kapsalis, Jared Davis, Bradon J Wilhelmi
Objective: Immediate flap reconstruction following mastectomy in patients who may require adjuvant radiation therapy can be controversial. However, exposure of vital structure or defects too large for primary closure may necessitate immediate utilization of flaps. In this setting, both functional and cosmetic outcomes must be considered. Methods: We describe a case in which the patient required a wide excision of the axillary skin and a partial mastectomy, with a resulting large axillary and lateral breast skin defect...
2018: Eplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30300246/surgical-management-of-the-posttraumatic-stiff-elbow-a-step-wise-algorithm-for-open-osteocapsular-release
#4
Erich M Gauger, Peter C Rhee
Posttraumatic elbow stiffness is common with the primary indication for contracture release being limited motion that affects functional activities which has not adequately improved after intensive therapy and rehabilitation. Preoperative evaluation focuses on the history of previous nonoperative and/or operative treatment, physical exam with particular attention paid to the status of the ulnar nerve, and imaging consisting of radiographs and computed tomography. There are multiple intrinsic and extrinsic causes of posttraumatic contracture...
December 2018: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30286966/management-of-joint-contractures-in-the-spastic-upper-extremity
#5
REVIEW
Kristi S Wood, Aaron Daluiski
Upper extremity contractures in the spastic patient may result from muscle spasticity, secondary muscle contracture, or joint contracture. Knowledge of the underlying cause is critical in planning successful treatment. Initial management consists of physical therapy and splinting. Botulinum toxin can be helpful, as a therapeutic treatment in relieving spasticity and as a diagnostic tool in determining the underlying cause of the contracture. Surgical management options include release or lengthening of the causative muscle/tendon unit and joint capsular release, as required...
November 2018: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30233986/olecranon-osteotomy-facilitated-elbow-release-ofer
#6
Scott G Edwards, Farhad Darbandi
Background: The olecranon osteotomy-facilitated elbow release (OFER) is a safe and effective method for releasing severe posttraumatic elbow contractures. The OFER procedure is easier, faster, and relatively less invasive, and appears to offer superior outcomes, compared with more traditional techniques. Description: An olecranon osteotomy provides a trapdoor through which the surgeon will have circumferential access to the joint and will be able to address all intrinsic and extrinsic causes of contracture...
June 27, 2018: JBJS Essential Surgical Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30233960/treatment-of-hip-flexion-contractures-with-psoas-recession-through-the-middle-window-of-the-ilioinguinal-approach
#7
Daniel J Gittings, Jonathan R Dattilo, George Fryhofer, Derek J Donegan, Keith Baldwin
Introduction: The ilioinguinal approach for psoas recession over the pelvic brim allows for direct visualization and protection of the femoral nerve while preserving hip flexion strength. Indications & Contraindications: <AbstractText Label="Step 1 Patient Positioning Preoperative Assessment and Draping" NlmCategory="UNASSIGNED">With the patient supine and anesthetized, perform the Thomas test, administer antibiotics, and drape to provide access to the inferior aspect of the abdomen, ilioinguinal region, and lower limb...
September 28, 2017: JBJS Essential Surgical Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30196275/treatment-of-post-traumatic-joint-contracture-in-a-rabbit-model-using-pulsed-high-intensity-laser-and-ultrasound
#8
David Hazlewood, Yi Feng, Qinghua Lu, Jinxi Wang, Xinmai Yang
Post-traumatic joint contracture induced by scar tissues following a surgery or injury can leave patients in a permanent state of pain and disability, which is difficult to resolve by current treatments. This randomized controlled trial examines the therapeutic effect of pulsed high-intensity laser (PHIL) and pulsed high-intensity focused ultrasound (PHIFU) for post-traumatic joint contracture due to arthrofibrosis. The peak power levels of both PHIL and PHIFU are much higher than that of laser or ultrasound currently used in physical therapy, while short pulses are utilized to prevent damage...
October 16, 2018: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30195220/gait-analysis-of-patients-with-continuous-proximal-sciatic-nerve-blockade-in-flexion-contractures-after-primary-total-knee-arthroplasty
#9
Meng Zhou, Shuai An, Mingli Feng, Zheng Li, Huiliang Shen, Kuan Zhang, Jun Sun, Guanglei Cao
BACKGROUND: The main objective of total knee arthroplasty is to relieve pain, restore normal knee function, and improve gait stability. Significant flexion contractures can severely impair function after surgery. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of implementing a continuous proximal sciatic nerve block in conjunction with aggressive physical therapy to treat patients with persistent flexion contractures that were recalcitrant to rehabilitation efforts following primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA)...
October 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562552/physical-therapy-in-patients-with-disorders-of-consciousness-impact-on-spasticity-and-muscle-contracture
#10
A Thibaut, S Wannez, T Deltombe, G Martens, S Laureys, C Chatelle
BACKGROUND: Spasticity is a frequent complication after severe brain injury, which may prevent the rehabilitation process and worsen the patients' quality of life. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we investigated the correlation between spasticity, muscle contracture, and the frequency of physical therapy (PT) in subacute and chronic patients with disorders of consciousness (DOC). METHODS: 109 patients with subacute and chronic disorders of consciousness (Vegetative state/Unresponsive wakefulness syndrome - VS/UWS; minimally conscious state - MCS and patients who emerged from MCS - EMCS) were included in the study (39 female; mean age: 40±13...
2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529875/the-use-of-botulinum-toxin-injection-for-brachial-plexus-birth-injuries-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#11
Patrick J Buchanan, John A I Grossman, Andrew E Price, Chandan Reddy, Mustafa Chopan, Harvey Chim
BACKGROUND: Most brachial plexus birth injuries (BPBI) are caused by traction on the brachial plexus during a difficult delivery. Fortunately, the possibility of complete recovery from such an incident is relatively high, with only 10% to 30% of patients having prolonged and persistent disability. These patients have muscle imbalances and co-contractions typically localized around the shoulder and elbow. These imbalances and co-contractures cause abnormal motor performances and bone/joint deformities...
March 1, 2018: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381834/occupational-therapy-treatment-to-improve-upper-extremity-function-in-individuals-with-early-systemic-sclerosis-a-pilot-study
#12
Susan L Murphy, Mary Whitehouse Barber, Kate Homer, Carole Dodge, Gary R Cutter, Dinesh Khanna
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility and preliminary effects of occupational therapy to improve upper extremity function in patients with early systemic sclerosis (SSc; scleroderma) who have upper extremity contractures. METHODS: A single-group pilot clinical rehabilitation trial was conducted at the University of Michigan Scleroderma Center. Patients with SSc and ≥1 upper extremity contracture (n = 21) participated in a total of 8 weekly in-person occupational therapy sessions...
November 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166890/continuous-passive-motion-and-physical-therapy-cpm-versus-physical-therapy-pt-versus-delayed-physical-therapy-dpt-after-surgical-release-for-elbow-contractures-a-study-protocol-for-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jetske Viveen, Job N Doornberg, Izaak F Kodde, Pjotr Goossens, Koen L M Koenraadt, Bertram The, Denise Eygendaal
BACKGROUND: The elbow is prone to stiffness after trauma. To regain functional elbow motion several conservative- and surgical treatment options are available. Conservative treatment includes physical therapy, intra-articular injections with corticosteroids and a static progressive or dynamic splinting program. If conservative treatment fails, an operative release of the posttraumatic stiff elbow is often performed. The best Evidence-Based rehabilitation protocol for patients after an operative release is unknown to date and differs per surgeon, hospital and country...
November 22, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058757/outcomes-and-predictors-of-success-for-arthroscopic-lysis-of-adhesions-for-the-stiff-total-knee-arthroplasty
#14
Blake M Bodendorfer, Joshua A Kotler, William D Zelenty, Kareem Termanini, Rafael Sanchez, Evan H Argintar
A stiff total knee arthroplasty (TKA) can manifest as pain and decreased range of motion (ROM). When conservative management including physical therapy and manipulation under anesthesia fails, arthroscopic lysis of adhesions (LOA) is frequently pursued. The authors examined the efficacy of LOA for the stiff TKA. They retrospectively reviewed the records of 18 patients who underwent LOA for stiff TKA between April 2013 and June 2016 and who failed to meet 90° ROM at 6 weeks postoperatively. They recorded patient demographics, ROM prior to TKA, and incidence of manipulation under anesthesia between initial TKA and LOA as well as pre- and postoperative outcomes of ROM, pain, and Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) scores...
November 1, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845500/screw-migration-in-a-14-year-old-boy-with-hip-osteotomy-a-rare-cause-of-upper-thigh-hematoma
#15
Emre Ünal
Soft tissue injury due to orthopedic hardware migration is an uncommon complication. However particularly patients who have routine physical therapy sessions for extremity contractures are at risk for vascular injury in the setting of migrated screws. Ultrasound is an efficient modality to evaluate migrated screws and adjacent soft tissue structures. As a consequence of repetitive trauma a migrated screw would eventually result in injury. Herein a case of upper thigh hematoma due to screw migration in a patient with hip osteotomy is reported...
December 29, 2016: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730331/-early-functional-passive-mobilization-of-flexor-tendon-injuries-of-the-hand-zone-2-exercise-with-an-exoskeleton-compared-to-physical-therapy
#16
Joachim Gülke, Martin Mentzel, Gert Krischak, David Gulkin, Daniel Dornacher, Nikolaus Wachter
BACKGROUND: These days there are different types of aftercare following flexor tendon injury. Patients in this study received a dynamic Kleinert protocol and additionally two different postoperative treatments. Both treatment groups were compared to each other and results were put into perspective when compared to other treatment options. METHODS: Sixty-two patients presenting with clean lesions of the two flexor tendons in zone 2 received postoperative treatment with a dynamic Kleinert protocol...
July 2018: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654502/kinematic-gait-changes-following-serial-casting-and-bracing-to-treat-toe-walking-in-a-child-with-autism
#17
Marybeth Barkocy, James Dexter, Colleen Petranovich
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of serial casting in a child with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) exhibiting a toe-walking gait pattern with equinus contractures. SUMMARY OF KEY POINTS: Although many children with ASD toe walk, little research on physical therapy interventions exists for this population. Serial casting has been validated for use in idiopathic toe walking to increase passive dorsiflexion and improve gait, but not for toe walking in children with ASD...
July 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542072/effect-of-exercise-training-on-the-frequency-of-contracture-release-surgeries-in-burned-children
#18
Jong O Lee, David N Herndon, Clark Andersen, Oscar E Suman, Ted T Huang
BACKGROUND: Intensive physical exercise (IPE) increases strength, lean body mass, aerobic capacity, and range of motion in children with extensive burns. However, whether IPE decreases the frequency of burn scar contracture-releasing procedures in children with extensive burns is unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospectively collected surgical records of 184 children who had undergone axilla, elbow, and/or wrist contracture-releasing procedures were reviewed. All children were 7 years or older and had sustained burns of at least 40% of the total body surface area...
October 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491455/use-of-adjunctive-prednisolone-in-the-management-of-a-cat-with-bilateral-quadriceps-contracture-following-trauma
#19
Penelope Lc Tisdall, Cameron P Rogowski
CASE SUMMARY: A 6-month-old cat was successfully treated for bilateral quadriceps contracture. Conventional treatments including surgery, dynamic flexion apparatus and physical therapy along with analgesics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs resulted in temporary clinical improvement that was relapsing. The initiation of supplementary corticosteroid treatment with prednisolone coincided with an immediate and sustained clinical improvement and long-term resolution. RELEVANCE AND NOVEL INFORMATION: Successful treatment of bilateral quadriceps contracture has not previously been reported in a cat...
January 2017: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283308/percutaneous-collagen-induction-as-an-additive-treatment-for-scar-formation-following-thermal-injuries-preliminary-experience-in-47-children
#20
Rainer Kubiak, Bettina Lange
BACKGROUND: Thermal injuries are one of the most physically and psychologically devastating causes of pediatric trauma. Post-traumatic sequelae such as hypertrophic scars and contractures often result in long lasting morbidity and disfigurement. Conservative therapy, including pressure garments and silicone, is the gold standard for scar management in the pediatric population. Most recently percutaneous collagen induction (PCI) was introduced as an alternative treatment in adults. The aim of this report was to share our experience with PCI in children and adolescents in scar management following thermal injuries...
August 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
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