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pelvis fractures AND physical therapy

Gerrit Steffen Maier, Kristina Kolbow, Djordje Lazovic, Konstantin Horas, Klaus Edgar Roth, Jörn Bengt Seeger, Uwe Maus
PURPOSE: The prevalence of osteoporosis has continuously increased over the past decades and it is set to increase substantially as life expectancy rises steadily. Fragility or osteoporotic fractures of the pelvis often occur after low energy falls e.g. from standing, however, some patients present with assumed insufficiency fractures of the pelvis without a previous trauma. Osteoporotic fractures impose a tremendous economic burden and these fractures deserve attention as they lead to a decrease in mobility with an increase in dependency and are associated with a high rate of mortality...
November 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Hyun-Ju Jun, Ki-Jong Kim, Jin-Su Lee, Sueng-Hoon Yang
[Purpose] To assess the relationship between fractures and quality of life (QOL) of osteoporosis patients as well as the treatment methods and locations of fractures following osteoporosis diagnosis. [Subjects and Methods] Participants were selected from a cohort consisting of 229,229 subjects who participated in the Korean Community Health Survey. Those who were not diagnosed with osteoporosis by a doctor were excluded from the study (326) and the final analysis included 17,387 previously diagnosed participants with osteoporosis...
October 2015: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
P M Rommens, S-O Dietz, C Ossendorf, P Pairon, D Wagner, A Hofmann
Due to the aging population, there is an increasing number of fragility fractures of the pelvis (FFP). They are the result of low energy trauma. The bone breaks but the ligaments remain intact. Immobilizing pain at the pubic region or at the sacrum is the main symptom. Conventional radiographs reveal pubic rami fractures, but lesions of the dorsal pelvis are hardly visible and easily overlooked. CT of the pelvis with multiplanar reconstructions show the real extension of the lesion. Most patients have a history of osteoporosis or other fragility fractures...
2015: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
K Bohndorf, J Beckmann, M Jäger, W Kenn, U Maus, U Nöth, K M Peters, C Rader, S Reppenhagen, A Roth
Non-traumatic femoral head necrosis (FHN) is primarily a disease of the middle-aged adult. Early diagnosis, at a time with lacking or minimal clinical symptoms, is mandatory to consider conservative therapy or joint preserving operations as a therapeutic option. The new German S3 guideline about diagnosis and therapy of FHN is a cooperative effort of five professional medical societies, overall headed by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Orthopädie und Orthopädische Chirurgie (DGOOC). This review (part I/III) cites and explains the statements of the S3 guideline as agreed on the use of imaging methods for diagnosis of FHN...
August 2015: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
Sydney K Schoensee, Kurt J Nilsson
BACKGROUND AND INCIDENCE: Ischial tuberosity fracture and its associated complications are an under recognized diagnosis in the adolescent athlete. Apophyseal injuries of the pelvis in the skeletally immature athlete can occur in multiple locations but are most common at the ischial tuberosity, affecting males more commonly than females. DESCRIPTION OF INJURY AND CURRENT MANAGEMENT: The most common cause of ischial tuberosity avulsion fracture is a quick eccentric load to the proximal hamstrings, occurring with kicking as in soccer, football, or dance...
December 2014: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Paulo Fernandes Saad, Karen Ruggeri Saad, Dinani Matoso Fialho de Oliveira Armstrong, Bruno Leonardo de Freitas Soares, Paulo Henrique Freitas de Almeida, Álvaro Razuk Filho
INTRODUCTION: Gluteal artery pseudoaneurysms are rare, yet the most common in cases involving the superior gluteal artery. Pseudoaneurysms of the inferior gluteal artery are uncommon and are often related to blunt or penetrating trauma, infections and fractures of the pelvis. PRESENTATION OF CASE: The authors present a case of pseudoaneurysm of the inferior gluteal artery related to an iatrogenic injury due to intramuscular injection of medication, which was treated with selective embolization of the artery during angiography...
2015: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
J Grifka, A Keshmiri, G Maderbacher, B Craiovan
Complaints in the region of the hips and pelvis are often difficult to classify. This is due to the fact that pain projection and overlapping can occur; therefore, the complete region of the lumbar spine, pelvis and hips must be considered as a single entity in which alterations can result in radiation throughout the whole region. There are many different anatomical structures within the pelvic region so that the function of various muscle components can be impaired and cause pathological alterations to positional relationships of bony structures or even alterations to other soft tissues, such as ligaments, tendons and labra...
December 2014: Der Orthopäde
Kim Edward LeBlanc, Herbert L Muncie, Leanne L LeBlanc
Hip fractures cause significant morbidity and are associated with increased mortality. Women experience 80% of hip fractures, and the average age of persons who have a hip fracture is 80 years. Most hip fractures are associated with a fall, although other risk factors include decreased bone mineral density, reduced level of activity, and chronic medication use. Patients with hip fractures have pain in the groin and are unable to bear weight on the affected extremity. During the physical examination, displaced fractures present with external rotation and abduction, and the leg will appear shortened...
June 15, 2014: American Family Physician
Hiroshi Ito, Hiromasa Tanino, Tatsuya Sato, Yasuhiro Nishida, Takeo Matsuno
BACKGROUND: It has not been shown whether accelerated rehabilitation following periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is effective for early recovery. The purpose of this retrospective study was to compare complication rates in patients with standard and accelerated rehabilitation protocols who underwent PAO. METHODS: Between January 2002 and August 2011, patients with a lateral center-edge (CE) angle of < 20°, showing good joint congruency with the hip in abduction, pre- or early stage of osteoarthritis, and age younger than 60 years were included in this study...
2014: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Celestia S Higano
The Oncology Grand Rounds series is designed to place original reports published in the Journal into clinical context. A case presentation is followed by a description of diagnostic and management challenges, a review of the relevant literature, and a summary of the authors' suggested management approaches. The goal of this series is to help readers better understand how to apply the results of key studies, including those published in Journal of Clinical Oncology, to patients seen in their own clinical practice...
April 10, 2014: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
J F W Garvey, H Hazard
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Chronic groin pain (athletic pubalgia) is a common problem in sports such as football, hockey, cricket, baseball and athletics. Multiple co-existing pathologies are often present which commonly include posterior inguinal canal wall deficiency, conjoint tendinopathy, adductor tendinopathy, osteitis pubis and peripheral nerve entrapment. The mechanism of injury remains unclear but sports that involve either pivoting on a single leg (e.g. kicking) or a sudden change in direction at speed are most often associated with athletic pubalgia...
2014: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
Jeffrey J Hebert, Norman J Stomski, Simon D French, Sidney M Rubinstein
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to systematically search the literature for studies reporting serious adverse events following lumbopelvic spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) and to describe the case details. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in PubMed including MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and The Cochrane Library up to January 12, 2012, by an experienced reference librarian. Study selection was performed by 2 independent reviewers using predefined criteria...
November 2015: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
The steep increase in the incidence of hip fractures and other fall-related fractures with advancing age is caused by an age-associated combination of increased fall frequency, typical fall mechanisms and reduced bone strength. This article reviews the current knowledge related to fall risk factors and fall mechanisms. Non-syncopal falls during normal daily activities are predominantly age-associated occurences with serious consequences. 5% of all falls cause fractures, another 10 to 15% lead to a variety of further injuries...
July 1, 2002: Therapeutische Umschau. Revue Thérapeutique
Małgorzata Wegierska, Piotr Ignaczak, Joanna Zalewska, Sławomir Jeka
INTRODUCTION: Paget's disease is a chronic metabolic condition characterized by a local imbalance between the resorbing activity of osteoclasts and the osteogenic activity of osteoblasts which leads to the remodeling of bone tissue with richly vascularised foci of loose and compact bone. The disease usually affects the elderly and males predominate. Lesions generally occur in pelvic bones, bodies of lumbar vertebrae, femoral bones, skull, and tibiae. Symptoms depend on the extent of lesions and include pain caused by microfractures or secondary degenerative-productive lesions, warmth in the affected area, bone deformations, fractures, neurological symptoms in the form of compressive or ischemic radiculopathy or compression of cranial nerves, and external carotid steal syndrome with increased flow through the affected bone...
2011: Annales Academiae Medicae Stetinensis
Felix Walcher, Thomas Lustenberger, Thomas Schmandra, Christian Byhahn, Helmut Laurer, Tobias Bingold, Uwe Schweigkofler, Benedikt Winckler, Gerhard Walter, Ingo Marzi
Traumatic hemipelvectomy is a severe, however rare injury associated with high lethality. Up to now, immediate surgical completion of the amputation has been recommended as a lifesaving therapy. We present a case of near complete hemipelvectomy with open fracture of the ileosacral joint, wide open symphysis and severe soft tissue trauma including a decollement around the pelvis. Successful complete replantation was performed by primary internal stabilisation and revascularisation using vascular grafts. In the further hospital course, numerous revisions of the soft tissue injury and reconstructive surgery were needed...
September 2013: Injury
J Böhme, A Höch, C Josten
The incidence of osteoporotic pelvic fractures is rapidly increasing. Following low energy trauma fractures are frequently classified as pelvic girdle fractures. Based on the pelvic expert group database of the German Trauma Society the estimated rate of osteoporotic pelvic ring fractures is about 51%. In cases of fractured pubic rami standard X-ray in anterior-posterior, inlet and outlet views should be carried out by computed tomography (CT) scanning to identify fractures of the sacrum. Only if pain persists and no fracture is evident with CT is magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) indicated...
October 2012: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
Takahiro Niikura, Sang Yang Lee, Keisuke Oe, Akihiro Koh, Takaaki Koga, Yoshihiro Dogaki, Etsuko Okumachi, Yoshitada Sakai, Toshihiro Akisue, Ryosuke Kuroda, Masahiro Kurosaka
Fractures occurring at the distal part of the lower extremities are recognized to have a relatively lower risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE); however, few detailed reports exist on the subject. The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence of VTE in fractures around and below the knee. Overall, 109 consecutive patients with fractures around and below the knee who were surgically treated at the authors' hospital were analyzed retrospectively. Physical prophylaxis was performed in all patients...
October 2012: Orthopedics
Chae-Gwan Kong, Yong In, Seok-Jung Kim, Yoo-Joon Sur
We report a case involving an avulsion fracture of the iliac crest apophysis in a 16-year-old boy. Occasionally, apophyseal avulsion fractures of the pelvis occur; however, those that occur at the iliac crest are rare. As a result of the large size of the fracture fragment and marked displacement (more than 3 cm), the fracture was managed operatively with open reduction and internal fixation. The patient returned to preinjury physical activity levels 2 months after surgery without complication.
June 2011: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Jodi D Southam, Matthew L Silvis, Kevin P Black
Lumbosacral pain is common in the general population and among athletes. Many athletes are diagnosed with low back strain and treated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories, rest, and muscle relaxers. However, the differential for low back pain in athletes is broad and includes many potential etiologies such as: lumbar disk disease, facet arthropathy, spondylolysis, sacroiliitis, tendinopathies, ligament sprains, hip pathology, bursitis, intraabdominal processes, and neoplasm. Sacral stress fractures are included among the many possibilities...
November 2010: Orthopedics
David J Becker, Huifeng Yun, Meredith L Kilgore, Jeffrey R Curtis, Elizabeth Delzell, Lisa C Gary, Kenneth G Saag, Michael A Morrisey
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis-related fractures impose a large and growing societal burden, including adverse health effects and direct medical costs. Postfracture utilization of health care services represents an alternative measure of the resource costs associated with these fractures. METHODS: We use a 5% random sample of Medicare claims data to construct annual cohorts (2000-2004) of beneficiaries diagnosed with incident fractures at one of seven sites--clinical vertebral, hip pelvis, femur, tibia/fibula, humerus, and distal radius/ulna...
September 2010: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
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