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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783214/-the-formation-of-safe-behavior-among-young-people-in-the-family-conditions
#1
Svitlana O Bondar
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The article is dedicated to studying the readiness and ability of parents to form safe behavior of their own children with the aim to avoid school traumatism with respect to the complexity and systematic necessary for principles of prophylaxis. The author pays attention to this very aspect of the problem as for nowadays the works of studying the role of the family, the readiness of parents to form the culture of their own children's health are practically absent...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782635/effect-of-home-based-rehabilitation-for-hip-fracture-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#2
Desheng Wu, Xiulan Zhu, Shaowei Zhang
BACKGROUND: Home-based rehabilitation following hip fracture may be beneficial; however, the evidence is controversial. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the effectiveness of home-based rehabilitation in patients with hip fracture. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, EBSCO, and Cochrane Library databases were searched systematically. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effect of home-based rehabilitation for patients with hip fracture were included...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782230/minimizing-restraint-and-seclusion-in-schools-a-response-to-beaudoin-and-moore
#3
Virginia L Walker, Sarah E Pinkelman
Increasing efforts have been made in the field of special education to identify positive, evidence-based practices (EBPs) to meet the needs of students who engage in problem behavior, with a major goal being to eliminate or limit the use of reactive measures such as restraint and seclusion ( Snell & Walker, 2014 ). Various stakeholders, including families and self-advocates, have voiced concerns about the dangers of restraint and seclusion and the lack of protection afforded to students who engage in severe problem behavior...
June 2018: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782180/current-evidence-on-heart-rate-variability-biofeedback-as-a-complementary-anticraving-intervention
#4
Nour Alayan, Lucille Eller, Marsha E Bates, Dennis P Carmody
BACKGROUND: The limited success of conventional anticraving interventions encourages research into new treatment strategies. Heart rate variability biofeedback (HRVB), which is based on slowed breathing, was shown to improve symptom severity in various disorders. HRVB, and certain rates of controlled breathing (CB), may offer therapeutic potential as a complementary drug-free treatment option to help control substance craving. METHODS: This review evaluated current evidence on the effectiveness of HRVB and CB training as a complementary anticraving intervention, based on guidelines from the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Protocols...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782077/mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-an-efficacy-study-for-mental-health-care-staff
#5
Ryan Askey-Jones
INTRODUCTION: Burnout is a major concern within the NHS impacting negatively on mental healthcare professionals. Evidence suggests that burnout can lead to reduced productivity and reduced quality of care for patients. Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) have demonstrated effectiveness in mitigating burnout for healthcare professionals; however no previous research has directly reported correlations between burnout and mindfulness. AIM: Does mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) reduce burnout amongst mental healthcare professionals and are there any direct correlations between mindfulness and burnout itself?...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782075/the-mediating-effects-of-gestational-diabetes-on-fetal-growth-and-adiposity-in-women-who-are-overweight-and-obese-secondary-analysis-of-the-limit-randomised-trial
#6
Amanda J Poprzeczny, Jennie Louise, Andrea R Deussen, Jodie M Dodd
OBJECTIVE: to describe the mediating effect of maternal gestational diabetes on fetal biometry and adiposity measures among overweight or obese pregnant women. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of the LIMIT randomised trial. SETTING: Public hospitals, metropolitan Adelaide, South Australia. POPULATION: Pregnant women with body mass index (BMI) ≥25 kg/m2 , and singleton gestation. METHODS: Fetal ultrasound measures at 36 weeks' gestation and baseline BMI from women randomised to the LIMIT trial Standard Care group (n = 912 women) were used to conduct causal mediation analyses using regression-based methods...
May 21, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782036/differential-diagnosis-of-jaw-pain-using-informatics-technology
#7
Yoon Nam, Hong-Gee Kim, Hong-Seop Kho
This study aimed to deduce evidence-based clinical clues that differentiate temporomandibular disorders (TMD)-mimicking conditions from genuine TMD by text mining using natural language processing (NLP) and recursive partitioning. We compared the medical records of 29 patients diagnosed with TMD-mimicking conditions and 290 patients diagnosed with genuine TMD. Chief complaints and medical histories were preprocessed via NLP to compare the frequency of word usage. In addition, recursive partitioning was used to deduce the optimal size of mouth opening, which could differentiate TMD-mimicking from genuine TMD groups...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781731/neuropsychologists-as-primary-care-providers-of-cognitive-health-a-novel-comprehensive-cognitive-wellness-service-delivery-model
#8
Patricia A Pimental, John B O'Hara, Jessica L Jandak
By virtue of their extensive knowledge base and specialized training in brain-behavior relationships, neuropsychologists are especially poised to execute a unique broad-based approach to overall cognitive wellness and should be viewed as primary care providers of cognitive health. This article will describe a novel comprehensive cognitive wellness service delivery model including cognitive health, anti-aging, lifelong wellness, and longevity-oriented practices. These practice areas include brain-based cognitive wellness, emotional and spiritually centric exploration, and related multimodality health interventions...
July 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780764/gender-differences-in-the-relationship-between-built-environment-and-non-communicable-diseases-a-systematic-review
#9
Joanna Sara Valson, V Raman Kutty
Non-communicable diseases are on the rise globally. Risk factors of non-communicable diseases continue to be a growing concern in both developed and developing countries. With significant rise in population and establishment of buildings, rapid changes have taken place in the built environment. Relationship between health and place, particularly with non-communicable diseases has been established in previous literature. This systematic review assesses the current evidence on influence of gender in the relationship between built environment and non-communicable diseases...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780721/type-b-aortic-dissection-new-perspectives
#10
REVIEW
Marc A A M Schepens
Background: Stanford type B aortic dissection is one of the aortic catastrophes with a high mortality and morbidity that needs immediate or delayed treatment, either surgically or endovascularly. This comprehensive review article addresses the current status of open, endovascular and hybrid treatment options for type B aortic dissections with the focus on new therapeutic perspectives. Methods: Evaluation of currently available evidence based on randomized and registry data and personal experience...
2018: Journal of Visualized Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780239/patient-reported-outcomes-in-european-spondyloarthritis-patients-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#11
REVIEW
Juan Carlos Torre-Alonso, Rubén Queiro, Marta Comellas, Luís Lizán, Carles Blanch
Objective: This review aims to summarize the current literature on patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in spondyloarthritis (SpA). Patients and methods: We performed a systematic literature review to identify studies (original articles and narrative and systematic reviews) regarding PROs (health-related quality of life [HRQoL], satisfaction, preferences, adherence/compliance, and persistence) in SpA patients published in the European Union through December 2016. International databases (Medline/PubMed, Cochrane Library, ISI Web of Knowledge, Scopus) were searched using keywords in English...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779547/policy-pathways-to-address-provider-workforce-barriers-to-buprenorphine-treatment
#12
Rebecca L Haffajee, Amy S B Bohnert, Pooja A Lagisetty
At least 2.3 million people in the U.S. have an opioid use disorder, less than 40% of whom receive evidence-based treatment. Buprenorphine used as part of medication-assisted treatment has high potential to address this gap because of its approval for use in non-specialty outpatient settings, effectiveness at promoting abstinence, and cost effectiveness. However, less than 4% of licensed physicians are approved to prescribe buprenorphine for opioid use disorder, and approximately 47% of counties lack a buprenorphine-waivered physician...
June 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779546/state-legislative-approach-to-enumerating-behavioral-health-workforce-shortages-lessons-learned-in-new-mexico
#13
Deborah B Altschul, Caroline A Bonham, Martha J Faulkner, Amy W Farnbach Pearson, Jessica Reno, Wayne Lindstrom, Shelley M Alonso-Marsden, Annette Crisanti, Julie G Salvador, Richard Larson
Nationally, the behavioral health workforce is in crisis because of a lack of resources, culturally responsive services, quality clinical supervision, sufficient training in evidence-based practices, and targeted recruitment and retention. Disparities in access to behavioral health care are particularly significant in New Mexico, where 25% of the population live in rural areas, and behavioral health shortages are among the highest in the nation. Additionally, as a Medicaid expansion state, New Mexico providers experience increased demand for services at a time when the state is challenged with limited workforce capacity...
June 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779518/menopause-symptom-management-in-the-united-kingdom
#14
REVIEW
Debra Holloway
Menopause is a complex time in a woman's life. It is an increasingly a midlife event, when health care professionals should be aiming to optimize a woman's health for the next 30 years or so. Nurses need to be able to give up-to-date information and evidence for all forms of treatment based on a background of complex and ever-changing research. This article covers the main presenting complaints and treatments, from lifestyle to hormone replacement therapy, by drawing on guidelines from national bodies.
June 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779510/integrating-optimal-screening-intervention-and-referral-for-postpartum-depression-in-adolescents
#15
REVIEW
Leigh Booth, Monika Wedgeworth, Adeline Turner
According to the World Health Organization, 10% to 13% of postpartum women develop a mental disorder, mainly depression. This number is higher in developing countries. This percentage increases in adolescents and symptoms in adolescents tend to be overlooked. These disorders can be treated successfully if detected early, which will in turn prevent more severe symptoms from developing. This article provides evidence-based clinical best practices for the assessment and early recognition of postpartum depression, specifically in adolescents...
June 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779301/updates-on-aaa-screening-and-surveillance
#16
Mayo Theivendran, Jason Chuen
BACKGROUND: Screening and diagnostic surveillance of latent conditions have a profound impact on public healthcare expenditure and clinical outcomes. Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) remains one of the hallmark pathologies in vascular surgery and an area of intense research interest. OBJECTIVE: This article is the second of two that will outline current areas of controversy and research in AAA disease in order to support a more detailed understanding of issues in managing patients with this condition, and inform the development of Australasian clinical guidelines and health policy...
May 2018: Australian journal of general practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779292/paediatric-constipation-an-approach-and-evidence-based-treatment-regimen
#17
Harveen Singh, Frances Connor
BACKGROUND: Constipation affects 5-30% of children and is responsible for 3% of primary care visits. General practitioners (GPs) are frequently the first medical encounter for concerned parents regarding their child's bowel habit. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to review the assessment and management of children with constipation to empower GPs to initiate treatment and know when to refer to a paediatrician. DISCUSSION: In the absence of organic aetiology, childhood constipation is almost always functional and often due to painful bowel movements that prompt the child to withhold stool...
May 2018: Australian journal of general practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779269/-the-applications-of-periodontal-gingival-surgery-%C3%A2-alternative-materials
#18
Er-Jia Mao
The main purposes of periodontal graft surgery include achieving root coverage, improving the clinical attachment level and keratinized tissue, and advancing the procedure of periodontal plastic surgery. Autogenous graft, such as subepithelial connective tissue graft-based procedure, provide the best outcomes for mean and complete root coverage, as well as increase in keratinized tissue. However, a disadvantage of the procedure is in the location of the operation itself: the additional surgical site (palate)...
April 1, 2018: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779159/an-etiological-approach-to-sexual-offender-assessment-case-formulation-incorporating-risk-assessment-cafira
#19
REVIEW
Leam A Craig, Martin Rettenberger
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Case formulations (CF) have been the cornerstone of effective practice in clinical psychology since the 1950s and now form one of the core competencies in clinical and forensic assessment. The use of CFs within forensic settings is becoming more relevant when working with offenders who have experienced significant trauma, suffered from personality disorder, and have displayed sexually abusive behavior. Furthermore, most North American and European jurisdictions insist that expert witnesses adopt an idiosyncratic approach to risk assessment and consider the characteristics of the individual as part of a wider formulation of the problem behavior...
May 19, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778296/the-utility-of-twitter-as-a-tool-for-increasing-reach-of-research-on-sexual-violence
#20
Christine Wekerle, Negar Vakili, Sherry H Stewart, Tara Black
Researchers in violence prevention areas seek to disseminate work for impact to practice and policy. Knowledge transfer, exchange, and mobilization are common terms for research knowledge utilization where public communication platforms are playing an increasing role, having unique capacity to connect stakeholders in advocacy and lived experience, academia, non-governmental organizations, government-supported organizations, such as child welfare, and research funding bodies. Social networking platforms provide a communication intervention opportunity to test the effectiveness of the research reach...
May 16, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
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