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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244841/individual-preferences-for-physical-exercise-as-secondary-prevention-for-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-discrete-choice-experiment
#1
Emmanuel Aboagye, Jan Hagberg, Iben Axén, Lydia Kwak, Malin Lohela-Karlsson, Eva Skillgate, Gunilla Dahlgren, Irene Jensen
BACKGROUND: Exercise is effective in improving non-specific low back pain (LBP). Certain components of physical exercise, such as the type, intensity and frequency of exercise, are likely to influence participation among working adults with non-specific LBP, but the value and relative importance of these components remain unknown. The study's aim was to examine such specific components and their influence on individual preferences for exercise for secondary prevention of non-specific LBP among working adults...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241472/-health-advocacy-in-medical-student-education
#2
R A M J Damoiseaux, M B M Soethout
The introduction of the CanMEDS method to qualify training and ongoing education for healthcare providers in terms of competencies has provided a clear framework for medical schools' curricula. Different roles are outlined, and one of these is health advocacy. Physicians are accountable to society to use their knowledge and expertise to improve health. Even before the introduction of CanMEDS, physicians took responsibility for improving health by tackling issues in society that negatively affected the health of many; one obvious example is the provision of clean water and sewage systems to prevent epidemics of infectious diseases such as cholera...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239994/effects-of-judo-training-on-bones-a-systematic-literature-review
#3
Simone Ciaccioni, Giancarlo Condello, Flavia Guidotti, Laura Capranica
The aim of this study was to provide a systematic literature review on the osteogenic effects of judo (PROSPERO: CRD42016041803). The online search was conducted according to the inclusion criteria: observational studies and clinical/interventional trials in English from inception to June 2016; bone health, mineral density (BMD), diameters, impact force and turnover markers (BTM) outcomes. Thirty-four studies were included and graded for their methodological quality ("fair" quality: 79.4%). The most used assessment method (44...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238252/the-effect-of-respiratory-muscle-training-on-fin-swimmers-performance
#4
Jana Vašíčková, Kateřina Neumannová, Zbyněk Svozil
Although respiratory muscle functions can influence swimming performance, respiratory muscle training (RMT) is not routinely used for improving fin-swimmers´ performance. The aim of our study was to verify the benefit of a one month of RMT in young fin-swimmers. We assessed the effect of this training on respiratory muscles and on maximal underwater swimming distance. 28 fin-swimmers were randomly divided into an experimental group (EG) and a control group (CG). The study finished with 20 fin-swimmers (EG: n = 12; average age 12...
December 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229650/improving-contraceptive-access-use-and-method-mix-by-task-sharing-implanon-insertion-to-frontline-health-workers-the-experience-of-the-integrated-family-health-program-in-ethiopia
#5
Yewondwossen Tilahun, Candace Lew, Bekele Belayihun, Kidest Lulu Hagos, Mengistu Asnake
In 2009, the Ethiopian Federal Ministry of Health launched an Implanon scale-up program with the goal of improving the availability of long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) methods at the community level. The Integrated Family Health Program (IFHP) supported the ministry to train Health Extension Workers (HEWs), a cadre of frontline health workers, on Implanon insertion. Prior to this task-sharing initiative, HEWs were only permitted to provide short-acting contraceptive methods; Implanon insertion services were only available at higher-level health facilities, such as health centers and above...
December 8, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227730/physical-and-performance-characteristics-related-to-unintentional-musculoskeletal-injury-in-special-forces-operators-a-prospective-analysis
#6
Nicholas R Heebner, John P Abt, Mita Lovalekar, Kim Beals, Timothy C Sell, Jeffery Morgan, Shawn Kane, Scott Lephart
CONTEXT:   Seventy-seven percent of musculoskeletal injuries sustained by United States Army Special Forces Operators are preventable. Identification of predictive characteristics will promote the development of screening methods to augment injury-prevention programs. OBJECTIVE:   To determine physical and performance characteristics that predict musculoskeletal injuries. SETTING:   Clinical laboratory. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:   A total of 95 Operators (age = 32...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226236/self-assessment-of-competence-during-post-graduate-training-in-general-medicine-a-preliminary-study-to-develop-a-portfolio-for-further-education
#7
Bert Huenges, Barbara Woestmann, Susanne Ruff-Dietrich, Herbert Rusche
Awareness of one's own strengths and weaknesses is a key qualification for the specialist physician. We examined how physicians undergoing specialist training in general medicine rate themselves in different areas. For this purpose, 139 participants receiving post-graduate training in general practice offered by the Medical Association of Westfalen-Lippe assessed themselves regarding their subjective confidence in 20 core competencies and 47 situations involving patient counseling in general practice. Their self-assessments were recorded on a five-point Likert scale...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226230/new-paths-in-post-graduate-medical-training-in-general-practice-8-years-of-experience-with-the-pilot-project-verbundweiterbildungplus-baden-w%C3%A3-rttemberg
#8
Simon Schwill, Julia Magez, Stefanie Joos, Jost Steinhäuser, Thomas Ledig, Aline Rubik, Wilhelm Niebling, Joachim Szecsenyi, Elisabeth Flum
Background: In face of the looming shortage of general practitioners, primary healthcare providers and post-graduate training in general practice are increasingly becoming part of the political agenda in Germany. In 2009 the program "Verbundweiterbildung plus Baden-Württemberg" (VWB plus BW) was developed by the Competence Center for General Practice in Baden-Wuerttemberg to ensure primary healthcare in the future by enhancing the attractiveness of general medicine. This paper describes the experiences that have been gathered in developing a post-graduate training-program for physicians undergoing specialist training in general practice...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218696/a-modular-vascular-access-training-program-for-higher-surgical-trainees
#9
Mark Edwards, Alexander D Rodway, Islam G Ahmed, Richard A Harvey, Tamer S Foad, Karim M El Sakka
INTRODUCTION: Access surgery is delivered by vascular/transplant surgeons with a division that is defined by historic practice. This has resulted in an inconsistent training pattern. We aimed to design a focused, modular training program (The Brighton Vascular Access Fellowship) providing trainees with a reproducible level of exposure and competence. METHODS: The programme was 16 days over 8 weeks on a one-to-one basis with candidates expected to be performing procedures as first surgeon with ongoing, formative assessment...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214515/robotic-skills-can-be-aided-by-laparoscopic-training
#10
Daniel G Davila, Melissa C Helm, Matthew J Frelich, Jon C Gould, Matthew I Goldblatt
BACKGROUND: General Surgery is currently the fastest growing specialty with regards to robotic surgical system utilization. Contrary to the experience in laparoscopy, simulator training for robotic surgery is not widely employed partly because robotic surgical simulators are expensive. We sought to determine the effect of a robotic simulation curriculum and whether robotic surgical skills could be derived from those psychomotor skills attained in laparoscopic training. METHODS: Twenty-seven trainees with no prior robotic experience and limited laparoscopy exposure were randomly assigned to one of three training groups: no simulator training, training on a fundamentals of laparoscopic surgery (FLS™) standard box trainer, and training on a robotic computer based simulator (da Vinci Skills Simulator™)...
December 6, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209731/kinaesthetic-ability-training-improves-unilateral-neglect-and-functional-outcome-in-patients-with-stroke-a-randomized-control-trial
#11
Sehim Kutlay, Aysun Genç, Haydar Gök, Derya Öztuna, Ayşe A Küçükdeveci
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of kinaesthetic ability training with the Kinesthetic Ability Trainer (KAT) on unilateral neglect and functional outcomes in stroke patients. STUDY DESIGN: An assessor-blinded, randomized controlled, clinical trial. METHODS: A total of 64 stroke patients with unilateral neglect (mean age 61 (standard deviation (SD) 12) years, 60.4% male, mean time since stroke 6.4 (SD 10.4) months, left hemiplegia 92.5%) were randomly assigned to a conventional rehabilitation programme (control group, n = 32) or KAT plus a conventional rehabilitation programme (KAT group, n = 32) for 4 weeks...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208476/what-does-best-evidence-tell-us-about-robotic-gait-rehabilitation-in-stroke-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Maria Federica Bruni, Corrado Melegari, Maria Cristina De Cola, Alessia Bramanti, Placido Bramanti, Rocco Salvatore Calabrò
BACKGROUND: Studies about electromechanical-assisted devices proved the validity and effectiveness of these tools in gait rehabilitation, especially if used in association with conventional physiotherapy in stroke patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of different robotic devices in improving post-stroke gait abnormalities. METHODS: A computerized literature research of articles was conducted in the databases MEDLINE, PEDro, COCHRANE, besides a search for the same items in the Library System of the University of Parma (Italy)...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206838/implementation-of-stroke-teams-and-simulation-training-shortened-process-times-in-a-regional-stroke-network-a-network-wide-prospective-trial
#13
Damla Tahtali, Ferdinand Bohmann, Natalia Kurka, Peter Rostek, Anelia Todorova-Rudolph, Martin Buchkremer, Mario Abruscato, Ann-Kathrin Hartmetz, Andrea Kuhlmann, Christian Henke, André Stegemann, Sanjay Menon, Björn Misselwitz, Anke Reihs, Stefan Weidauer, Sven Thonke, Uta Meyding-Lamadé, Oliver Singer, Helmuth Steinmetz, Waltraud Pfeilschifter
BACKGROUND: To meet the requirements imposed by the time-dependency of acute stroke therapies, it is necessary 1) to initiate structural and cultural changes in the breadth of stroke-ready hospitals and 2) to find new ways to train the personnel treating patients with acute stroke. We aimed to implement and validate a composite intervention of a stroke team algorithm and simulation-based stroke team training as an effective quality initiative in our regional interdisciplinary neurovascular network consisting of 7 stroke units...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204323/ability-to-predict-repetitions-to-momentary-failure-is-not-perfectly-accurate-though-improves-with-resistance-training-experience
#14
James Steele, Andreas Endres, James Fisher, Paulo Gentil, Jürgen Giessing
'Repetitions in Reserve' (RIR) scales in resistance training (RT) are used to control effort but assume people accurately predict performance a priori (i.e. the number of possible repetitions to momentary failure (MF)). This study examined the ability of trainees with different experience levels to predict number of repetitions to MF. One hundred and forty-one participants underwent a full body RT session involving single sets to MF and were asked to predict the number of repetitions they could complete before reaching MF on each exercise...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200543/a-protocol-for-training-group-housed-rhesus-macaques-macaca-mulatta-to-cooperate-with-husbandry-and-research-procedures-using-positive-reinforcement
#15
Caralyn Kemp, Harriet Thatcher, David Farningham, Claire Witham, Ann MacLarnon, Amanda Holmes, Stuart Semple, Emily J Bethell
There has been increased recognition of the 3Rs in laboratory animal management over the last decade, including improvements in animal handling and housing. For example, positive reinforcement is now more widely used to encourage primates to cooperate with husbandry procedures, and improved enclosure design allows housing in social groups with opportunity to escape and avoid other primates and humans. Both practices have become gold standards in captive primate care resulting in improved health and behavioural outcomes...
December 2017: Applied Animal Behaviour Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199444/steering-sheath-for-2-nostril-transnasal-office-laryngoscopy
#16
Henry T Hoffman, Helen Stegall, Troy Wingler, Andrew Blitzer
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to study the feasibility of performing office-based laryngeal procedures employing a flexible hollow steerable sheath placed contralateral to the nostril through which a standard flexible video endoscope is placed. METHODS: The study design included simulation of transnasal endoscopic laryngeal procedures evaluating the use of a flexible steering sheath in laboratory and clinic settings. Transnasal laryngeal procedures were performed in an otolaryngology office setting employing an airway-management-trainer mannequin and then repeated in a human cadaver lab with standard transnasal flexible video laryngoscopy...
December 1, 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196840/conception-of-the-l%C3%A3-beck-toolbox-curriculum-for-basic-minimally-invasive-surgery-skills
#17
Tilman Laubert, Hamed Esnaashari, Paul Auerswald, Anna Höfer, Michael Thomaschewski, Hans-Peter Bruch, Tobias Keck, Claudia Benecke
PURPOSE: Difficulties at the beginning of the learning curve in minimally invasive surgery (MIS) can well be overcome by simulation outside the operating room. Despite a great number of available devices, standardized, structured, and validated training curricula for video simulators are scarce. METHODS: The Lübeck Toolbox (LTB) video trainer provides six training modules and online video tutorials. Proficiency levels for the tasks were defined by performance analysis of MIS experts (n = 15)...
December 1, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196193/automated-center-out-rodent-behavioral-trainer-acrobat-an-automated-device-for-training-rats-to-perform-a-modified-center-out-task
#18
David A Bjånes, Chet T Moritz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192511/the-kinect-project-group-motion-based-gaming-for-people-living-with-dementia
#19
Erica Dove, Arlene Astell
Engaging in enjoyable activities is an essential part of well-being, but people with dementia can find participation increasingly difficult. Motion-based technologies can provide meaningful engagement in a wide range of activities, but for people with dementia to take advantage of these devices requires a good understanding of how best to select and present these activities to this population. The objective of this study was to explore the use of motion-based technology (Xbox Kinect) as a group activity for people with dementia who attend adult day programmes...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192421/the-state-of-critical-care-ultrasound-training-in-europe-a-survey-of-trainers-and-a-comparison-of-available-accreditation-programmes
#20
Laura Galarza, Adrian Wong, Manu L N G Malbrain
BACKGROUND: Although critical care ultrasound (CCUS) in the Intensive Care Unit has been increasing exponentially for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes, the lack of a uniform formal training structure and programme has posed the question of whether scans have been appropriately performed or reported, and whether there exists proper clinical governance to ensure a high standard of care. METHODS: An online survey was sent to the representatives of various national intensive care societies via the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine CoBaTrICE committee...
December 1, 2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
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