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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035638/evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-a-novel-gait-trainer-in-increasing-the-functionality-of-individuals-with-motor-impairment-a-case-series
#1
Eitan Raveh, Isabella Schwartz, Naama Karniel, Sigal Portnoy
Regaining the ability to independently ambulate following a physical disability can increase functional ability and participation of patients in daily life. Gait trainers are assistive devices that enable body support and provide safety during gait. However, most conventional gait trainers are pre-configured to a constant position, therefore not suitable for practicing sit-to-stand function, and require assistance from a caregiver in order to mount the device from a sitting position. We therefore evaluated the effectiveness of a dynamically-adjusting gait trainer, designed to provide independence and safety during gait and various activities, in both lab setting and at home in 4 subjects (1 female, 3 males, ages 32-79 years) with limited ambulation...
October 16, 2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034265/coupled-bimanual-training-using-a-non-powered-device-for-individuals-with-severe-hemiparesis-a-pilot-study
#2
Preeti Raghavan, Viswanath Aluru, Sina Milani, Peter Thai, Daniel Geller, Seda Bilaloglu, Ying Lu, Donald J Weisz
BACKGROUND: Few options exist for training arm movements in participants with severe post-stroke hemiparesis who have little active range of motion. The purpose of this study was to test the safety and feasibility of training with a non-powered device, the Bimanual Arm Trainer (BAT), to facilitate motor recovery in individuals with severe hemiparesis. The BAT enabled coupled bimanual training of shoulder external rotation, which is reduced in individuals with severe post-stroke hemiplegia...
June 2017: International Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031925/attributes-of-excellent-surgical-trainers-an-analysis-of-outstanding-trainers
#3
EDITORIAL
P A Sutton, A J Beamish, S Rashid, E Elsey, H M Mohan, D O'Regan
Excellent surgical trainers play a key role in teaching, mentoring and inspiring the next generation of trainee surgeons. Although there are differences in approach, personality and technique among trainers, common themes exist for those that truly shine as examples of good training. The good surgical trainer has long been the "unsung hero" of patient safety, inspiring and imparting wisdom and skill in trainee surgeons, and instilling a sense of confidence and compassion. In order to recognise exceptional trainers, the Association of Surgeons in Training (ASiT) introduced the Silver Scalpel Award in 2000...
October 11, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029616/short-term-effectiveness-and-experiences-of-a-peer-guided-web-based-self-management-intervention-for-young-adults-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#4
Judy Ammerlaan, Harmieke van Os-Medendorp, Nienke de Boer-Nijhof, Lieske Scholtus, Aike A Kruize, Philomine van Pelt, Berent Prakken, Hans Bijlsma
BACKGROUND: A web-based self-management intervention guided by peer-trainers was developed to support young adults' self-management in coping with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA). To investigate its effectiveness, a randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted. In addition, the content of the chat and participants' goals were studied to identify underlying processes. METHODS: An RCT with a six-month follow up period was conducted among 72 young adults with JIA, aged between 16 and 25 years old, randomly assigned to the intervention or to the usual care control group...
October 13, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028883/a-new-pan-european-train-the-trainer-programme-for-bioinformatics-pilot-results-on-feasibility-utility-and-sustainability-of-learning
#5
Allegra Via, Teresa K Attwood, Pedro L Fernandes, Sarah L Morgan, Maria Victoria Schneider, Patricia M Palagi, Gabriella Rustici, Rochelle E Tractenberg
Demand for training life scientists in bioinformatics methods, tools and resources and computational approaches is urgent and growing. To meet this demand, new trainers must be prepared with effective teaching practices for delivering short hands-on training sessions-a specific type of education that is not typically part of professional preparation of life scientists in many countries. A new Train-the-Trainer (TtT) programme was created by adapting existing models, using input from experienced trainers and experts in bioinformatics, and from educational and cognitive sciences...
September 26, 2017: Briefings in Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028625/difference-in-kick-motion-of-adolescent-soccer-players-in-presence-and-absence-of-low-back-pain
#6
Michio Tojima, Suguru Torii
Many adolescent soccer players experience low back pain (LBP). However, there are no reports studying the kick motion of adolescent soccer players experiencing LBP. This study aimed to clarify the kick motion of adolescent soccer players in the presence and absence of LBP. We recruited 42 adolescent soccer players and divided them into two groups according to the presence of LBP (LBP group, n=22) and absence of LBP (NBP group, n=20). We measured real-time kick motion using a three-dimensional motion analysis system...
October 7, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026509/development-and-evaluation-of-a-speech-generating-aac-mobile-app-for-minimally-verbal-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-mainland-china
#7
Sainan An, Xiaoping Feng, Yue Dai, Hongli Bo, Xiuqing Wang, Mu Li, John Zhuohao Woo, Xingmei Liang, Cheng Guo, Charles Xingchao Liu, Liping Wei
BACKGROUND: Mobile touchscreen devices are currently being used as speech-generating devices (SGDs) and have been shown to promote the communication skills, particularly the requesting skills of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) who have limited spoken language. However, no augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) mobile app has been developed and evaluated in the Chinese language in Mainland China. METHODS: We developed an AAC mobile app, which is the first in Mainland China, to our knowledge, named Yuudee (Chinese name (xiaoyudi))...
2017: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024601/a-biomechanical-analysis-of-the-association-between-forearm-mechanics-and-the-elbow-varus-moment-in-collegiate-baseball-pitchers
#8
Matthew J Solomito, Erin J Garibay, Carl W Nissen
BACKGROUND: The incidence of upper extremity injury in baseball pitchers has increased over the past decade. This has resulted in a large body of research mainly focused on the kinematic and kinetic patterns of the elbow and shoulder to elucidate the cause of these injuries, with little attention on studying the associations of forearm rotation and upper arm joint moments. HYPOTHESIS: There will be significant differences in forearm kinematics and kinetics when comparing the fastball pitch with the curveball pitch...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021766/a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-functional-relaxation-as-an-adjunct-to-psychoeducation-for-stress
#9
Claas Lahmann, Maria Gebhardt, Heribert Sattel, Andreas Dinkel, Christoph Pieh, Thomas Probst
This randomized controlled trial investigated whether adding the psychodynamically based body-oriented psychotherapy "Functional Relaxation" (FR) to psychoeducation (PE) is more effective than PE alone to reduce stress and stress-associated complaints. Eighty-one participants with elevated stress-levels, ≥50 points on the global scale of the Perceived Stress Questionnaire (PSQ), received either 10 sessions of manualized FR + PE (n = 42) or two sessions of manualized PE alone (n = 39) in a group setting. Six FR trainers took part in this study...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021141/use-of-a-dynamic-gait-trainer-for-a-child-with-thoracic-level-spinal-cord-injury
#10
Wendy Altizer, Garey Noritz, Ginny Paleg
Paediatric spinal cord injury (SCI) can result in permanent mobility impairment with consequences for activity, participation and quality of life. This case documents the effect of an overground supported stepping intervention using a dynamic gait trainer. To our knowledge, there are no published studies on this intervention for children with SCI and similar interventions have only been reported in children at American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale (AIS) levels B and C.A child with a T10 (thoracic level, vertebra 10), AIS level A injury, sustained at 2 years of age, continued to make gains in all areas including participation, activity, body structure and function over the following 4 years...
October 10, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020699/the-first-homemade-colonoscopy-trainer
#11
Dominik Andrzej Walczak, Maciej Grajek, Paulina Agnieszka Walczak, Magdalena Tuliszka-Gołowkin, Roman Massopust, Dariusz Pawełczak, Zbigniew Pasieka, Łukasz Krakowczyk, Adam Maciejewski
Introduction Colonoscopy trainers have gained recognition for improving endoscopy skills and preparing for real procedures on humans. Unfortunately, due to their high price, commercial simulators are hard to obtain, especially for small medical centers. However, a solution might be to construct a device for themselves. Aim Our goal was to build a relatively cheap and easy-to-construct simulator for residents who want to start learning colonoscopy. Materials and methods The box model colonoscopy trainer was designed and constructed...
October 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019383/the-dentist-and-the-athletic-trainer-a-winning-team-for-oral-health-care
#12
Anthony Breitbach, Paul Nativi
Oral health is a key concern for student athletes. The dentist is the primary oral health care provider. Athletic trainers (ATs) are health professionals who have a primary care role for the student athlete. They are often the first to respond when dental trauma occurs in athletics. This paper informs dentists and ATs about each other and includes best practice in the care of athletes, which can be improved through interprofessional collaboration between dentists and ATs.
June 22, 2017: Journal of the California Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018615/a-randomized-control-trial-feasibility-evaluation-of-an-mhealth-intervention-for-wheelchair-skill-training-among-middle-aged-and-older-adults
#13
Edward M Giesbrecht, William C Miller
BACKGROUND: Providing mobility skills training to manual wheelchair (MWC) users can have a positive impact on community participation, confidence and quality of life. Often such training is restricted or not provided at all because of the expense of, and limited access to, occupational and physical therapists before and after discharge. This is particularly true among middle-aged and older adults, who often have limited access to rehabilitation services and require more time to learn motor skills...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017380/a-collective-effort-to-make-yourself-feel-better-the-group-process-in-mindfulness-based-interventions
#14
Dulcie Cormack, Fergal W Jones, Michael Maltby
There is growing interest in mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) in the management of multiple physical and mental health issues. Although MBIs utilize a group format, research on how this format impacts teaching and learning mindfulness is lacking. This study aimed to develop a detailed theory of MBI group processes utilizing a grounded theory methodology. This article presents our subsequent model, developed from semistructured interviews conducted with MBI students, teachers, and trainers ( N = 12). A core category, the group as a vessel on a shared journey, and three higher-order categories emerged from the data...
October 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016479/the-effects-of-foam-rolling-as-a-recovery-tool-in-professional-soccer-players
#15
Ezequiel Rey, Alexis Padrón-Cabo, Pablo B Costa, Roberto Barcala-Furelos
Foam rolling (FR) is a common strategy used after training and competition by players. However, no previous studies have assessed the effectiveness of FR as recovery tool in sports populations. The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of FR (20 minutes of foam rolling exercises on quadriceps, hamstrings, adductors, gluteals, and gastrocnemius) and passive recovery (20 minutes sit on a bench) interventions performed immediately after a training session on Total Quality Recovery (TQR), perceived muscle soreness, jump performance, agility, sprint, and flexibility 24 hours after the training...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994332/ultrasonography-findings-and-physical-examination-outcomes-in-dancers-with-and-without-patellofemoral-pain
#16
Itzhak Siev-Ner, Myriam D Stern, Shay Tenenbaum, Alexander Blankstein, Aviva Zeev, Nili Steinberg
OBJECTIVES: To identify whether a physical examination for patello-femoral pain (PFP) is related to ultrasonography findings at the knee, and to identify possible factors related to PFP in young dancers. METHODS: Sixty-seven young female dancers (7th grade, aged 12.8±0.5) from three schools with identical special dance programs were included in the study. All the dancers were interviewed for demographic details, dance background, and training intensity; were evaluated for anthropometric measurements; underwent physical examination of both knees for PFP and for knee range of motion (ROM); and, had ultrasonography assessment for pathologies and of anatomical parts of their knees...
October 10, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993914/operative-vectors-anatomic-distortion-fluid-dynamics-and-the-inherent-effects-of-pneumatic-insufflation-encountered-during-transanal-total-mesorectal-excision
#17
S Atallah, P Gonzalez, S Chadi, R Hompes, J Knol
BACKGROUND: Transanal total mesorectal excision (taTME) is an altogether different approach to rectal cancer surgery, and the effects of carbon dioxide (CO2) on this dissection remain poorly described. METHODS: This article critically examines the effect of carbon dioxide insufflation and the workspace it creates during the process of taTME. The unique aspects of insulation with this approach are governed by the laws of physics, especially the principles of fluid dynamics, an area that remains poorly described for laparoscopy and not at all described for taTME...
October 10, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993006/promoting-sunscreen-use-and-sun-protective-practices-in-ncaa-athletes-impact-of-sunsport-educational-intervention-for-student-athletes-athletic-trainers-and-coaches
#18
Mina S Ally, Susan M Swetter, Kelsey E Hirotsu, Justin Gordon, David Kim, Ashley Wysong, Lindsy Donnelly, Shufeng Li, Kristin M Nord
BACKGROUND: Student-athletes (SAs) have an increased skin cancer risk on account of significant ultraviolet exposure; however, their sun-protective practices are suboptimal. A novel program, Stanford University Network for Sun Protection, Outreach, Research, and Teamwork (SUNSPORT), was designed to target SAs, coaches, and athletic trainers (ATs). OBJECTIVE: To measure the impact of educational intervention on sun protection beliefs and practices of SAs. METHODS: A survey of sun protection beliefs and practices was administered to National Collegiate Athletic Association athletes before and after intervention...
October 6, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988203/firearms-training-what-is-actually-taught
#19
David Hemenway, Steven Rausher, Pina Violano, Toby A Raybould, Catherine W Barber
INTRODUCTION: Firearm safety instructors and public health professionals are natural allies in the quest to prevent firearm injuries. We audited basic firearm classes to provide information that can help familiarise public health professionals and others with the content covered. METHODS: With the advice of expert instructors, we created an audit form. Volunteers audited 20 basic firearm classes in seven north-eastern states. RESULTS: All trainers covered a wide variety of safety issues...
October 7, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987341/economic-evaluation-of-a-group-randomized-controlled-trial-on-healthy-eating-and-physical-activity-in-afterschool-programs
#20
Michael W Beets, Keith Brazendale, R Glenn Weaver, Gabrielle M Turner-McGrievy, Jennifer Huberty, Justin B Moore, M Mahmud Khan, Dianne S Ward
Limited information is available on the cost-effectiveness of interventions to achieve healthy eating and physical activity policies in afterschool programs (ASPs). The objective of this study is to present the costs associated with a comprehensive intervention in ASPs. Intervention delivery inputs (IDIs) associated with a group randomized delayed treatment controlled trial involving 20 ASPs serving >1700 children (5-12yrs) were catalogued prospectively across 2-years (2014-2015). IDIs, analyzed 2015, were expressed as increases in per-child per-week enrollment fees based on a 34-week school year in US$...
October 4, 2017: Preventive Medicine
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