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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683924/ca-mrsa-infection-rates-and-management-among-student-athletes
#1
Tim Braun, Leamor Kahanov
PURPOSE: Although community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) infections have reduced among inpatient populations, the incidence in athletics continues to range greatly dependent on the sport. Over the 2015-2016 and 2016-2017 school years, we assessed the annual CA-MRSA incidence, sport risk, referral practices, and management protocols or interventions among high school and intercollegiate athletics. METHODS: This study targeted high school and intercollegiate athletic programs across the United States...
April 21, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682843/chronic-condition-self-management-support-for-aboriginal-people-adapting-tools-and-training
#2
Malcolm Battersby, Sharon Lawn, Inge Kowanko, Sue Bertossa, Coral Trowbridge, Raylene Liddicoat
PROBLEM: Chronic conditions are major health problems for Australian Aboriginal people. Self-management programs can improve health outcomes. However, few health workers are skilled in self-management support and existing programs are not always appropriate in Australian Aboriginal contexts. DESIGN: The goal was to increase the capacity of the Australian health workforce to support Australian Aboriginal people to self-manage their chronic conditions by adapting the Flinders Program of chronic condition self-management support for Australian Aboriginal clients and develop and deliver training for health professionals to implement the program...
April 22, 2018: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677663/haptic-based-perception-empathy-biofeedback-system-for-balance-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-chronic-stroke-concepts-and-initial-feasibility-study
#3
Kazuhiro Yasuda, Kenta Saichi, Naomi Kaibuki, Hiroaki Harashima, Hiroyasu Iwata
BACKGROUND: Most individuals have sensory disturbances post stroke, and these deficits contribute to post-stroke balance impairment. The haptic-based biofeedback (BF) system appears to be one of the promising tools for balance rehabilitation in patients with stroke, and the BF system can increase the objectivity of feedback and encouragement than that provided by a therapist. RESEARCH QUESTION: Studies in skill science indicated that feedback or encouragement from a coach or trainer enhances motor learning effect...
April 14, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672909/non-catastrophic-and-catastrophic-fractures-in-racing-thoroughbreds-at-the-hong-kong-jockey-club
#4
T C Sun, C M Riggs, N Cogger, J Wright, J I Al-Alawneh
BACKGROUND: Reports of fractures in racehorses have predominantly focused on catastrophic injuries, and there is limited data identifying the location and incidence of fractures that did not result in a fatal outcome. OBJECTIVE: To describe the nature and the incidence of non-catastrophic and catastrophic fractures in Thoroughbreds racing at the Hong Kong Jockey Club (HKJC) over seven racing seasons. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study...
April 19, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670477/prevalence-attitude-knowledge-and-practice-of-anabolic-androgenic-steroid-aas-use-among-gym-participants
#5
Sami D Althobiti, Nassar M Alqurashi, Abdulmajeed S Alotaibi, Turki F Alharthi, Khaled A Alswat
Background: Anabolic steroids (AS) are synthetic testosterone derivatives that last longer than physiological androgens in the body. Anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) abuse is spreading among athletes. The aim of this study is to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of gym participants in Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out among gym users from February 2017 to May 2017. The questionnaire included information on demographics related to the use of AAS and lifestyle habits...
March 2018: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667845/development-of-an-instrument-to-assess-athletic-trainers-attitudes-toward-transgender-patients
#6
Kristine A Ensign, Brian M Dodge, Debra Herbenick, Carrie L Docherty
CONTEXT:   The unique contexts in which athletic trainers (ATs) work require specific tools in order to understand their attitudes toward diverse patient populations, including sexual and gender minorities. OBJECTIVE:   To develop and validate the Attitudes Toward Transgender Patients (ATTP) instrument for ATs. DESIGN:   Cross-sectional study. SETTING:   Semistructured interviews, paper-based questionnaire, and electronic questionnaire...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664816/evaluating-the-accuracy-and-quality-of-the-information-in-kyphosis-videos-shared-on-youtube
#7
Mehmet Nuri Erdem, Sinan Karaca
STUDY DESIGN: A quality-control YouTube-based study using the recognized quality scoring systems. OBJECTIVE: In this study, our aim was to confirm the accuracy and quality of the information in kyphosis videos shared on YouTube. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The Internet is a widely and increasingly used source for obtaining medical information both by patients and clinicians. YouTube, in particular, manifests itself as a leading source with its ease of access to information and visual advantage for Internet users...
April 16, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661505/training-cardiothoracic-surgeons-of-the-future-the-uk-experience
#8
Louise Kenny, Karen Booth, Kathrin Freystaetter, Greta Wood, Gary Reynolds, Sridhar Rathinam, Narain Moorjani
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to assess targeted simulation courses, including live animal operating, as complementary training tools with regard to 2 key surgical skills in early cardiothoracic surgeon training. METHODS: Twenty UK surgical trainees (equivalent to cardiothoracic surgery resident physicians in the United States) in their first year of residency training were evaluated. Assessment of skills in pulmonary wedge resection and cardiopulmonary bypass were undertaken before and after 2 boot camp-style courses, including live animal operating (boot camp 1 and boot camp 2)...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658798/mock-echo-a-simulation-based-medical-education-method
#9
Rebecca C Fowler, Joanna G Katzman, George D Comerci, Brian M Shelley, Daniel Duhigg, Cynthia Olivas, Thomas Arnold, Summers Kalishman, Rebecca Monnette, Sanjeev Arora
PROBLEM: This study was designed to develop a deeper understanding of the learning and social processes that take place during the simulation-based medical education for practicing providers as part of the Project ECHO® model, known as Mock ECHO training. The ECHO model is utilized to expand access to care of common and complex diseases by supporting the education of primary care providers with an interprofessional team of specialists via videoconferencing networks. INTERVENTION: Mock ECHO trainings are conducted through a train the trainer model targeted at leaders replicating the ECHO model at their organizations...
April 16, 2018: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656132/acquiring-basic-and-advanced-laparoscopic-skills-in-novices-using-two-dimensional-2d-three-dimensional-3d-and-ultra-high-definition-4k-vision-systems-a-randomized-control-study
#10
M Abdelrahman, A Belramman, R Salem, B Patel
AIMS: To compare the performance of novices in laparoscopic peg transfer and intra-corporeal suturing tasks in two-dimensional (2D), three-dimensional (3D) and ultra-high definition (4K) vision systems. METHODS: Twenty-four novices were randomly assigned to 2D, 3D and 4K groups, eight in each group. All participants performed the two tasks on a box trainer until reaching proficiency. Their performance was assessed based on completion time, number of errors and number of repetitions using the validated FLS proficiency criteria...
April 12, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651894/roller-massage-a-descriptive-survey-of-allied-health-professionals
#11
Scott W Cheatham
BACKGROUND: In sports medicine, the interprofessional care of athletes has become a frequent practice. This type of care often involves different interventions used among professionals. One common intervention prescribed is roller massage (RM) or self-myofascial release. The trends in the use of RM among allied health professionals is non-existent. The surveillance of such responses has not been documented. PURPOSE: To survey and document responses in the knowledge, clinical application, and use of RM devices among allied health professionals in the United States...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650484/identification-of-new-tools-to-predict-surgical-performance-of-novices-using-a-plastic-surgery-simulator
#12
Roy Kazan, Alex Viezel-Mathieu, Shantale Cyr, Thomas M Hemmerling, Samuel J Lin, Mirko S Gilardino
OBJECTIVE: To identify new tools capable of predicting surgical performance of novices on an augmentation mammoplasty simulator. The pace of technical skills acquisition varies between residents and may necessitate more time than that allotted by residency training before reaching competence. Identifying applicants with superior innate technical abilities might shorten learning curves and the time to reach competence. The objective of this study is to identify new tools that could predict surgical performance of novices on a mammoplasty simulator...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644889/comparing-exercise-responses-to-aerobic-plus-resistance-training-between-postmenopausal-breast-cancer-survivors-undergoing-aromatase-inhibitor-therapy-and-healthy-women
#13
Thais R S de Paulo, Kerri M Winters-Stone, Juliana Viezel, Fabricio E Rossi, Bruna L Aro, Ana Carolina A C Trindade, Jamile S Codogno, Ismael F Freitas Junior
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to explore whether postmenopausal breast cancer survivors undergoing aromatase inhibitor therapy differ from healthy postmenopausal women in their response to the same aerobic + resistance training. METHODS: The participants were separated into two groups: postmenopausal breast cancer survivors undergoing aromatase inhibitor therapy for an average of 20 months (18 women) and healthy postmenopausal women (24 women). We assessed aerobic capacity (predicted maximum oxygen uptake (VO2 max) and maximum running velocity test (Vmax)) through a walking test, upper and lower body muscle strength using an estimated one-repetition maximum test, and body composition by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry at baseline and at three, six, and nine months, respectively...
April 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624450/national-athletic-trainers-association-position-statement-evaluation-management-and-outcomes-of-and-return-to-play-criteria-for-overhead-athletes-with-superior-labral-anterior-posterior-injuries
#14
Lori A Michener, Jeffrey S Abrams, Kellie C Huxel Bliven, Sue Falsone, Kevin G Laudner, Edward G McFarland, James E Tibone, Charles A Thigpen, Timothy L Uhl
OBJECTIVE:   To present recommendations for the diagnosis, management, outcomes, and return to play of athletes with superior labral anterior-posterior (SLAP) injuries. BACKGROUND:   In overhead athletes, SLAP tears are common as either acute or chronic injuries. The clinical guidelines presented here were developed based on a systematic review of the current evidence and the consensus of the writing panel. Clinicians can use these guidelines to inform decision making regarding the diagnosis, acute and long-term conservative and surgical treatment, and expected outcomes of and return-to-play guidelines for athletes with SLAP injuries...
March 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621299/influence-of-seating-styles-on-head-and-pelvic-vertical-movement-symmetry-in-horses-ridden-at-trot
#15
Emma Persson-Sjodin, Elin Hernlund, Thilo Pfau, Pia Haubro Andersen, Marie Rhodin
Detailed knowledge of how a rider's seating style and riding on a circle influences the movement symmetry of the horse's head and pelvis may aid rider and trainer in an early recognition of low grade lameness. Such knowledge is also important during both subjective and objective lameness evaluations in the ridden horse in a clinical setting. In this study, inertial sensors were used to assess how different rider seating styles may influence head and pelvic movement symmetry in horses trotting in a straight line and on the circle in both directions...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620979/the-future-of-internal-medicine-a-new-curriculum-for-2019
#16
Alastair Miller, Zoë Fleet
A new 3-year curriculum for training in internal medicine was approved by the General Medical Council in December 2017. This will replace core medical training in August 2019. It mandates specific experiences and introduces a novel assessment strategy that hopefully will lessen the perceived 'burden of assessment' on trainees (and trainers). It is hoped that it will improve the experience of and enthusiasm for training in internal medicine.
April 2, 2018: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620703/a-multicenter-collaboration-for-simulation-based-assessment-of-acgme-milestones-in-emergency-medicine
#17
David H Salzman, Hannah Watts, Kelly Williamson, Michelle Sergel, Valerie Dobiesz, Noah DeGarmo, Samreen Vora, Louis J Sharp, Ernest E Wang, Michael A Gisondi
In 2014, the six allopathic emergency medicine (EM) residency programs in Chicago established an annual, citywide, simulation-based assessment of all postgraduate year 2 EM residents. The cases and corresponding assessment tools were designed by the simulation directors from each of the participating sites. All assessment tools include critical actions that map directly to numerous EM milestones in 11 different subcompetencies. The 2-hour assessments provide opportunities for residents to lead resuscitations of critically ill patients and demonstrate procedural skills, using mannequins and task trainers respectively...
April 3, 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620660/nurses-objective-knowledge-regarding-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-a-national-survey-study
#18
Yu-Fen Ma, Yuan Xu, Ya-Ping Chen, Xiao-Jie Wang, Hai-Bo Deng, Yu He, Xin-Juan Wu
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a common vascular disorder with high mortality and morbidity. Clinical nurses are a pivotal group that can serve as first-line health care providers. Lack of knowledge about VTE is an important barrier to effective nursing performance. This study aimed to determine nurses' knowledge of VTE prophylaxis through a nationwide survey across China, to understand gaps between current knowledge, and guidelines, and to help improve clinical nursing.The survey included 5 topics with 68 items on VTE, including basic knowledge, risk assessment, basic prophylaxis, physical prophylaxis, and pharmacological prophylaxis...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618918/head-to-head-comparison-of-three-virtual-reality-robotic-surgery-simulators
#19
Alexandria M Hertz, Evalyn I George, Christine M Vaccaro, Timothy C Brand
Background and Objectives: There are several different commercially available virtual-reality robotic simulators, but very little comparative data. We compared the face and content validity of 3 robotic surgery simulators and their pricing and availability. Methods: Fifteen participants completed one task on each of the following: dV-Trainer (dVT; Mimic Technologies, Inc., Seattle, Washington, USA), da Vinci Skills Simulator (dVSS; Intuitive Surgical Inc., Sunnyvale, California, USA), and RobotiX Mentor (RM; 3D Systems, Rock Hill, South Carolina, USA)...
January 2018: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617755/soft-and-hard-tissue-changes-following-treatment-of-class-ii-division-1-malocclusion-with-activator-versus-trainer-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Ghassan Idris, Mohammad Y Hajeer, Azzam Al-Jundi
Background: Increased awareness on the role of oral functions in the aetiology of Class II deformities has led to the wide spread of myofunctional training appliances as easy and possibly effective treatment for children with Class II malocclusion but their efficacy is yet to be proven. Objectives: To evaluate soft- and hard-tissue changes following 12 months of Class II division 1 treatment in growing patients with a conventional functional appliance (a modified Activator) versus a myofunctional Trainer system (T4K®)...
April 3, 2018: European Journal of Orthodontics
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