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"Blood flow restriction"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023279/syncope-episodes-and-blood-flow-restriction-training
#1
Juan Martín-Hernández, Alejandro Santos-Lozano, Carl Foster, Alejandro Lucia
The combination of low-load resistance training [or more recently, neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES)] with a moderate local blood flow restriction (BFR) is becoming a widespread training and rehabilitation method. Scientific data indicate the overall safety of BFR, at least in healthy young people. However, it has been associated with side effects, usually minor, and further research is warranted regarding the safety and efficacy of this technique, especially in clinical populations. We found 3 syncope/presyncopal episodes among 21 healthy people (9 men), all occurring in men and during familiarization sessions (in which BFR was applied alone) but not thereafter (BFR sessions combined with NMES): 1 subject experienced a brief syncope and 2 other subjects exhibited presyncopal symptoms (sweating, lightheadedness, and pallor)...
October 6, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987643/blood-flow-restricted-resistance-training-in-older-adults-at-risk-of-mobility-limitations
#2
Summer B Cook, Dain P LaRoche, Michelle R Villa, Hannah Barile, Todd M Manini
High-load resistance training (HL) may be contraindicated in older adults due to pre-existing health conditions (e.g. osteoarthritis). Low-load blood flow restricted (BFR) resistance training offers an alternative to HL with potentially similar strength improvement. PURPOSE: To compare muscle strength, cross-sectional area (CSA), physical function, and quality of life (QOL) following 12-weeks of HL or BFR training in older adults at risk of mobility limitations. METHODS: Thirty-six males and females (mean: 75...
October 5, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986234/effects-of-blood-flow-restricted-exercise-training-on-muscular-strength-and-blood-flow-in-older-adults
#3
Jahyun Kim, James A Lang, Neha Pilania, Warren D Franke
BACKGROUND: In young adults, blood flow restricted exercise (BFRE) at relatively low intensities can increase muscle strength as effectively as conventional high intensity training. Ischemic exercise can also increase collateral blood flow in skeletal muscle. However, the effects of chronic BFRE on muscle strength and blood flow in older adults remain unknown. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of 4weeks of BFRE training on skeletal muscle strength and blood flow between young and older subjects and between older adults performing BFRE and conventional high intensity resistance exercise...
October 3, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966705/blood-flow-restriction-training-implementation-into-clinical-practice
#4
EDITORIAL
William R Vanwye, Alyssa M Weatherholt, Alan E Mikesky
To improve muscular strength and hypertrophy the American College of Sports Medicine recommends moderate to high load resistance training. However, use of moderate to high loads are often not feasible in clinical populations. Therefore, the emergence of low load (LL) blood flow restriction (BFR) training as a rehabilitation tool for clinical populations is becoming popular. Although the majority of research on LL-BFR training has examined healthy populations, clinical applications are emerging. Overall, it appears BFR training is a safe and effective tool for rehabilitation...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965344/time-course-change-in-muscle-swelling-high-intensity-vs-blood-flow-restriction-exercise
#5
Eduardo D S Freitas, Christopher Poole, Ryan M Miller, Aaron David Heishman, Japneet Kaur, Debra A Bemben, Michael Bemben
This study determined the time course for changes in muscle swelling and plasma volume following high (HI) and low-intensity resistance exercise with blood-flow restriction (LI-BFR). Ten male participants (22.1±3.0 yrs) completed three experimental conditions: high-intensity exercise (HI - 80% of 1RM), low-intensity exercise with BFR (LI-BFR -20% of 1RM, and 160 mmHg of BFR), and control (CON - no exercise or BFR). Muscle cross-sectional area (mCSA), muscle thickness, thigh circumference, and percentage change in plasma volume (PV%∆) were measured...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956640/are-higher-blood-flow-restriction-pressures-more-beneficial-when-lower-loads-are-used
#6
S J Dankel, M B Jessee, S L Buckner, J G Mouser, K T Mattocks, J P Loenneke
The application of blood flow restriction during low-load resistance exercise has been shown to induce muscle growth with high or low restriction pressures, however, loads lower than 20% one-repetition maximum (1RM) remain unexplored. Fourteen trained individuals completed six elbow flexion protocols involving three different loads (10%, 15%, and 20% 1RM) each of which was performed with either a low (40% arterial occlusion) or high (80% arterial occlusion) pressure. Pre- and post-measurements of surface electromyography (sEMG), isometric torque, and muscle thickness were analyzed...
September 1, 2017: Physiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950398/cardiovascular-responses-to-different-resistance-exercise-protocols-in-elderly
#7
Amanda Veiga Sardeli, Lucas do Carmo Santos, Marina Lívia Venturini Ferreira, Arthur Fernades Gáspari, Bruno Rodrigues, Cláudia Regina Cavaglieri, Mara Patricia Traina Chacon-Mikahil
Increase in muscle mass and strength through resistance exercise (RE) has been highly recommended for healthy aging. On the other hand, RE could lead to acute cardiovascular risks prompted mainly by intense blood pressure elevations and cardiac autonomic imbalance. We compared the cardiovascular responses to three different RE protocols performed by 21 healthy elderly on a leg press machine. The protocols tested were high load (80% 1RM) until muscular failure (HL); low load (30% 1RM) until muscular failure (LL); low load, 30 repetitions followed by 3 sets of 15 repetitions, with 50% blood flow restriction (LL-BFR); and a control session (CON)...
September 26, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949007/can-low-load-blood-flow-restriction-training-elicit-muscle-hypertrophy-with-modest-inflammation-and-cellular-stress-but-minimal-muscle-damage
#8
Giselle L Allsopp, Anthony K May
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946817/fetal-growth-restriction-induced-by-transient-uterine-ischemia-reperfusion-differential-responses-in-different-mouse-strains
#9
Larry G Thaete, Xiao-Wu Qu, Mark G Neerhof, Emmet Hirsch, Tamas Jilling
We characterized fetal and placental growth and uterine and placental inflammation in pregnant C3H/HeOuJ and C57BL/6J mice (strains with different sensitivities to metabolic and circulatory pathologies), using different uterine ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) protocols, to establish and refine a murine model of I/R-induced fetal growth restriction (FGR). Pregnant C3H/HeOuJ mice on gestation day 15 were subjected to unilateral uterine I/R by (1) total blood flow restriction (TFR) by occlusion of the right ovarian and uterine arteries for 30 minutes, (2) partial flow restriction (PFR) by occlusion of only the right ovarian artery for 30 minutes, or (3) sham surgery...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932500/effects-of-low-load-resistance-exercise-with-blood-flow-restriction-on-high-energy-phosphate-metabolism-and-oxygenation-level-in-skeletal-muscle
#10
Osamu Yanagisawa, Manabu Sanomura
We aimed to evaluate the effects of low-load resistance exercise with blood flow restriction (BFR) on high-energy phosphate metabolism, intracellular pH, and oxygenation level in the skeletal muscle. Seven males performed low-load ankle plantar flexion exercise (120 repetitions, 30% of one-repetition maximum) with and without BFR (130% of systolic blood pressure) inside a magnetic resonance device. Inorganic phosphate (Pi)-to-phosphocreatine (PCr) ratio, intracellular pH, and tissue oxygenation index (TOI) in the medial gastrocnemius were determined using (31)P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy and near-infrared spectroscopy before and during exercise...
June 2017: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893206/efficacy-of-blood-flow-restriction-exercise-during-dialysis-for-end-stage-kidney-disease-patients-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Matthew J Clarkson, Steve F Fraser, Paul N Bennett, Lawrence P McMahon, Catherine Brumby, Stuart A Warmington
BACKGROUND: Exercise during haemodialysis improves strength and physical function. However, both patients and clinicians are time poor, and current exercise recommendations add an excessive time burden making exercise a rare addition to standard care. Hypothetically, blood flow restriction exercise performed during haemodialysis can provide greater value for time spent exercising, reducing this time burden while producing similar or greater outcomes. This study will explore the efficacy of blood flow restriction exercise for enhancing strength and physical function among haemodialysis patients...
September 11, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889225/effects-of-blood-flow-restriction-during-moderate-intensity-eccentric-knee-extensions
#12
Michael Behringer, Lars Heinke, Jannik Leyendecker, Joachim Mester
We investigated if blood flow restriction (BFR, cuff pressure 20 mmHG below individual occlusion pressure) increases metabolic stress, hormonal response, release of muscle damage markers, and muscle swelling induced by moderate-intensity eccentric contractions. In a randomized, matched-pair design, 20 male subjects (25.3 ± 3.3 years) performed four sets of unilateral eccentric knee extensions (75% 1RM) to volitional failure with (IG) or without (CG) femoral BFR. Despite significant differences of performed repetitions between IG (85...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Physiological Sciences: JPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883228/paget-schroetter-syndrome-resulting-from-thoracic-outlet-syndrome-and-kaatsu-training
#13
Tatsunori Noto, Go Hashimoto, Takahito Takagi, Toru Awaya, Tadashi Araki, Masanori Shiba, Raisuke Iijima, Hidehiko Hara, Masao Moroi, Masato Nakamura, Kaoru Sugi
A 29-year-old woman who worked as a KAATSU (a type of body exercise that involves blood flow restriction) instructor visited our emergency room with a chief complaint of swelling and left upper limb pain. Chest computed tomography (CT) showed non-uniform contrast images corresponding to the site from the left axillary vein to the left subclavian vein; vascular ultrasonography of the upper limb revealed a thrombotic obstruction at the same site, leading to a diagnosis of Paget-Schroetter syndrome (PSS). We herein report our experience with a case of PSS derived from thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS), in a patient who was a KAATSU instructor...
October 1, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853118/occlusion-training-pilot-study-for-postoperative-lower-extremity-rehabilitation-following-primary-total-knee-arthroplasty
#14
Christopher L Gaunder, Michael P Hawkinson, David J Tennent, Creighton C Tubb
With continued emphasis on the value of healthcare, factors such as quality of life and patient reported outcomes are critical in evaluating high-demand procedures such as knee replacement surgery. Equally important to the surgery itself is maximizing the effectiveness and efficiency of the treatment, both preoperatively and postoperatively, which can have a significant effect the final outcome. Technical outcomes of total knee replacement are generally considered excellent; however, many patients continue to have postoperative pain, functional limitations, and low treatment satisfaction...
July 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835448/cyclical-blood-flow-restriction-resistance-exercise-a-potential-parallel-to-remote-ischemic-preconditioning
#15
Justin Daniel Sprick, Caroline A Rickards
Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) is characterized by the cyclical application of limb blood flow restriction and reperfusion, and has been shown to protect vital organs during a subsequent ischemic insult. Blood flow restriction exercise (BFRE) similarly combines bouts of blood flow restriction with low-intensity exercise and thus could potentially emulate the protection demonstrated by RIPC. One concern with BFRE, however, is the potential for an augmented rise in sympathetic outflow, due to greater activation of the exercise pressor reflex...
August 23, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835447/combining-remote-ischemic-preconditioning-and-aerobic-exercise-a-novel-adaptation-of-blood-flow-restriction-exercise
#16
Justin Daniel Sprick, Caroline A Rickards
Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) can attenuate tissue damage sustained by ischemia-reperfusion injury. Blood flow restriction exercise (BFRE) restricts blood flow to exercising muscles. We implemented a novel approach to BFRE with cyclical bouts of blood flow restriction-reperfusion, reflecting the RIPC model. A concern about BFRE, however, is potential amplification of the exercise pressor reflex, which could be unsafe in at-risk populations. We hypothesized that cyclical BFRE would elicit greater increases in sympathetic outflow and arterial pressure than conventional exercise (CE), performed at the same relative intensity...
August 23, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759316/conservative-management-for-stable-high-ankle-injuries-in-professional-football-players
#17
Derrick M Knapik, Anthony Trem, Joseph Sheehan, Michael J Salata, James E Voos
CONTEXT: High ankle "syndesmosis" injuries are common in American football players relative to the general population. At the professional level, syndesmotic sprains represent a challenging and unique injury lacking a standardized rehabilitation protocol during conservative management. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: PubMed, Biosis Preview, SPORTDiscus, PEDro, and EMBASE databases were searched using the terms syndesmotic injuries, American football, conservative management, and rehabilitation...
July 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737609/the-effects-of-supplementary-low-load-blood-flow-restriction-training-on-morphological-and-performance-based-adaptations-in-team-sport-athletes
#18
Brendan R Scott, Jeremiah J Peiffer, Paul S R Goods
Scott, BR, Peiffer, JJ, and Goods, PSR. The effects of supplementary low-load blood flow restriction training on morphological and performance-based adaptations in team sport athletes. J Strength Cond Res 31(8): 2147-2154, 2017-Low-load resistance training with blood flow restriction (BFR) may be a method to enhance muscular development even in trained athletes. This study aimed to assess whether supplemental low-load BFR training can improve muscle size, strength, and physical performance characteristics in team sport athletes...
August 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706859/role-of-metabolic-stress-for-enhancing-muscle-adaptations-practical-applications
#19
REVIEW
Marcelo Conrado de Freitas, Jose Gerosa-Neto, Nelo Eidy Zanchi, Fabio Santos Lira, Fabrício Eduardo Rossi
Metabolic stress is a physiological process that occurs during exercise in response to low energy that leads to metabolite accumulation [lactate, phosphate inorganic (Pi) and ions of hydrogen (H(+))] in muscle cells. Traditional exercise protocol (i.e., Resistance training) has an important impact on the increase of metabolite accumulation, which influences hormonal release, hypoxia, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and cell swelling. Changes in acute exercise routines, such as intensity, volume and rest between sets, are determinants for the magnitude of metabolic stress, furthermore, different types of training, such as low-intensity resistance training plus blood flow restriction and high intensity interval training, could be used to maximize metabolic stress during exercise...
June 26, 2017: World Journal of Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704612/blood-flow-in-humans-following-low-load-exercise-with-and-without-blood-flow-restriction
#20
J Grant Mouser, Gilberto C Laurentino, Scott J Dankel, Samuel L Buckner, Matthew B Jessee, Brittany R Counts, Kevin T Mattocks, Jeremy P Loenneke
Blood flow restriction (BFR) in combination with exercise has been used to increase muscle size and strength using relatively low loads (20%-30% 1-repetition maximum (1RM)). In research, the range of applied pressures based on a percentage of arterial occlusion pressure (AOP), is wide. The purpose of the study is to measure the blood flow response before exercise, following each set of exercise, and postexercise to low-load elbow flexion combined with no restriction (NOBFR), 40% of AOP (40BFR), and 80% of AOP (80BFR)...
July 13, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
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